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Frederica de Laguna Papers

Creator:
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat  Search this
Tutchone Indians  Search this
Tsimshian Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tanana Indians  Search this
Kawchottine Indians  Search this
Ahtna Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Athapaskan -- Northern  Search this
Chugach Eskimos -- Archaeology  Search this
Eskimos -- Greenland  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak Indians  Search this
Hare Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Ingalik Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archaeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- Ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Online Media:

Collection of photographs relating to the Northwest Coast and American Indians

Names:
Albatross Expedition  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Niblack, Albert P. (Albert Parker), 1859-1929  Search this
Photographer:
Hitchcock, Romyn, 1851-1923  Search this
Mills, N. B.  Search this
Stieffel, H.  Search this
Townsend, Charles Haskins, 1859-1944  Search this
Extent:
275 Items (circa 275 engravings and drawings for engravings)
200 copy prints (circa)
1 Print (silver gelatin)
1 copy negative
380 Cyanotypes (circa)
Culture:
Arctic peoples -- depicted  Search this
Eskimos -- depicted  Search this
Polynesians -- depicted  Search this
Ainu -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America -- depicted  Search this
Kwakiutl Indians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- depicted  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Prints
Copy negatives
Cyanotypes
Photographs
Place:
Montana
Peru
Puerto Rico
Galapagos Islands
Bonin Islands
Philippines
Aleutian Islands (Alaska)
Alaska
Mexico
Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula)
Fort Keogh (Mont.)
Date:
circa 1885-1900
Scope and Contents note:
The majority of the collection documents Northwest Coast scenery, people, and settlements; these include photographs made by Franz Boas during US Fish Commission expeditions on the USS Albatross, as well as engravings made for publications on Northwest Coast Indians by Franz Boas and Albert Parker Niblack. Another large portion of the collection consists of reference prints relating to American Indians, Ainu people and Japan, Polynesia, the Philippines, Bonin Islands, and Peru. Many of these were copied from the central negative file of the National Museum of Natural History as well as other museums. There are also photographs, many by C. H. Townsend, made during the Fish Commission expeditions to Puerto Rico on the USS Fish Hawk and some taken by N. B. Mills during an expedition that traveled on the USS Albatross to Baja California and the Galapagos Islands.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 82, NAA Photo Lot 83
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Niblack's notes concerning Northwest Coast Indians, circa 1885-1889 (MS 4513), additional photographs by Romyn Hitchcock of Ainu (Photo Lot 77-38), additional C. H. Townsend photographs (in Photo Lot 24), original Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs (Photo Lot 23), and original negatives made by Niblack (in BAE historical negatives).
The United States Fish Commission Records are held by the Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
The American Philosophical Society holds the Franz Boas papers.
Albert Parker Niblack's papers are held by J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, and William Henry Smith Memorial Library, Indiana Historical Society.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lots 82 and 83, Collection of photographs relating to the Northwest Coast and American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.82
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-82

MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Cherokee, Eastern  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Juaneño Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

Bureau of American Ethnology General Correspondence 1909-1949

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Alaska Archeological Research  Search this
Correspondent:
Cole, Fay-Cooper  Search this
Colley, Arthur G  Search this
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers  Search this
Conzemius, Edward  Search this
Cooper, John Montgomery Fr 1881-1949  Search this
Corbusier, William Henry 1844-1930  Search this
Cornyn, J. H  Search this
Corser, H. P  Search this
Coville, Frederick V (Frederick Vernon) 1867-1937  Search this
Cox, P. E Tennessee State Archeologist  Search this
Cressman, Luther Sheeleigh  Search this
Crow, Charles L  Search this
Culin, Stewart  Search this
Cummings, Byron 1860-1954  Search this
Cunningham, George M  Search this
Curtin, Jeremiah Mrs  Search this
Curtis, Karl P  Search this
Custer, Milo  Search this
Dana, John Cotton  Search this
Dawson, Elmer J  Search this
Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel 1853-1935  Search this
Deming, Edwin Willard 1860-1942  Search this
Dinwiddie, William  Search this
Dixon, Joseph Kossuth  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage  Search this
Donehoo, George P  Search this
Douglass, Andrew Endicott  Search this
Douglass, William Boone  Search this
Dyer, J. O Dr  Search this
Earle, Charles T  Search this
Eisele, R. C  Search this
Elliott, E. M  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Sicade, Sally B  Search this
Roth, Walter Edmund  Search this
Woodburn Grace D  Search this
Fenton, William Nelson  Search this
Fletcher, Alice Cunningham  Search this
Forde, C. Daryll  Search this
Fordyce, John R  Search this
Foreman, Grant  Search this
Forrest, Earle R  Search this
Fortune, Reo F  Search this
Fowke, Gerard  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W (Barbara Whitchurch) 1879-1967  Search this
Gatschet, Louise H  Search this
Geary, James A  Search this
Gerard, William R  Search this
Gill, De Lancey W  Search this
Gilfillan, Joseph Alexander  Search this
Gillin, John Philip  Search this
Gilmore, Melvin R (Melvin Randolph) 1868-1940  Search this
Goddard, Pliny Earle  Search this
Golomshtok, Eugene A  Search this
Gordon, G. B  Search this
Gray, R. H  Search this
Gregory, Herbert E  Search this
Griffin, James Bennett  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird  Search this
Grow, Claud S  Search this
Guha, Biraja S  Search this
Gunther, Erna 1896-1982  Search this
Guthe, Carl E (Carl Eugen) 1893-1974  Search this
Hallowell, Alfred Irving  Search this
Halseth, Odd Sigurd  Search this
Harding, H. T  Search this
Harlan, Edgar R  Search this
Harrington, M. R (Mark Raymond) 1882-1971  Search this
Harrold, Charles C  Search this
Hatt, Gumund  Search this
Hawkes, E. W  Search this
Hawkes, J. G  Search this
Hebard, Grace Raymond  Search this
Henderson, Junius  Search this
Herndl, Carlos  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J (Melville Jean) 1895-1963  Search this
Herzog, George  Search this
Hewett, Edgar Lee  Search this
Heye, George G (George Gustav) 1874-1957  Search this
Heysinger, I. W  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez Sister 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, Frederick L  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb 1864-1956  Search this
Holder, Preston  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943  Search this
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933  Search this
Hooton, Earnest Albert  Search this
Horner, Eva M  Search this
Hostos, Adolfo de  Search this
Hough, Walter 1859-1935  Search this
Howard, J. D  Search this
Hudson, John W  Search this
Hyde, B. Talbot Babbitt  Search this
Hyde, George E  Search this
Ingalls, George W. 1838-1920  Search this
Jacobs, Meville  Search this
James, George Wharton  Search this
Jenks, Albert Ernest  Search this
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969  Search this
Jochelson, Waldemar  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton 1887-1976  Search this
Kappler, Charles J  Search this
Karsten, Rafael  Search this
Kelly, Isabel T (Isabel Truesdell) 1906-  Search this
Kennan, George F  Search this
Kidder, Alfred Vincent  Search this
Krieger, Alex Dony  Search this
Lamme, Vernon  Search this
Leon, Nicolas  Search this
Lenti, Joe B  Search this
Lesser, Alexander  Search this
Libby, O. G  Search this
Lieurance, Thurlow  Search this
Linton, Ralph 1893-1953  Search this
Lothrop, S. K (Samuel Kirkland) 1892-1965  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry  Search this
MacCurdy Human Skeletal Remains from the Highlands of Peru illustrations  Search this
Malinowski, Bronislaw  Search this
Mallery, Otto T  Search this
Marye, William B  Search this
Mason, John Alden 1885-1967  Search this
McKern, Will C  Search this
Means, Philip Ainsworth  Search this
Mencken, H. L  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942  Search this
Mbertraux, Alfred  Search this
Montezuma, Carlos  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moorehead, Warren King  Search this
Morice, Adrien Gabriel  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold 1883-1948  Search this
Mooris, Earl Halstead  Search this
Muir, John M  Search this
Murie, James R  Search this
Myer, William Edward  Search this
Nelson, Nels Christian  Search this
Newcomb, Francis J  Search this
Newman, Marshall Thornton 1911-1994  Search this
Ober, Sara Endicott  Search this
Osborn, E. D  Search this
Palmatary, Helen C  Search this
Parker, Arthur Caswell Dr  Search this
Parker, William Thornton  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Clews  Search this
Parsons, Herbert Mrs  Search this
Paytiamo, James  Search this
Payzant, George Y  Search this
Peabody, Charles  Search this
Pearce, J. E  Search this
Perrine, Fred S  Search this
Petitot, Emile Fortune Stanislas Joseph  Search this
Petter, Rodolphe  Search this
Pettinger, Elizabeth E  Search this
Porter, Arthur P  Search this
Darrah, William Culp  Search this
Rathbun, Richard  Search this
Ravenal, William de C  Search this
Reagan, Albert B  Search this
Reed, Erik Kellerman  Search this
Reeves, Dache McClain Major 1891-1972  Search this
Reichard, D. Lloyd  Search this
Renaud, Etienne Bernadeau  Search this
Rights, Douglas L  Search this
Roberts, Earle O  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H (Frank Harold Hanna) 1897-1966  Search this
Roth, Walter Edmund  Search this
Royce, Charles C  Search this
Sanderville, Richard ca. 1873-1951  Search this
Sargent, Homer E  Search this
Sapir, Edward 1884-1939  Search this
Schoff, Harry L Hamlin, New York  Search this
Scomp, Henry A  Search this
Seton, Ernest Thompson 1860-1946  Search this
Setzler, Frank M (Frank Maryl) 1902-1975  Search this
Shufeldt, Robert W (Robert Wilson) 1850-1934  Search this
Smith, Maurice G  Search this
Spence, Lewis  Search this
Spier, Leslie  Search this
Starr, Emmet  Search this
Densmore, Frances  Search this
Dunn, Jacob Piatt  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter 1850-1930  Search this
Frachtenberg, Leo Joachim 1883-1930  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M  Search this
Jeanwcon, Jean Allard  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Kroeber, A. L (Alfred Louis) 1876-1960  Search this
La Flesche, Francis d. 1932  Search this
Michelson, Truman  Search this
Mooney, James 1861-1921  Search this
Radin, Paul 1883-1959  Search this
Frankfuter, Felix  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams 1896-1975  Search this
Adney, Edwin T  Search this
Adrian, H  Search this
Aitken, Barbara  Search this
Allen, Paul H  Search this
Allen, Virgil D  Search this
Alston, J. K  Search this
Andrews, Harriet A  Search this
Arden, Christine M  Search this
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis  Search this
Auchiah, James 1906-1974  Search this
Austin, Mary  Search this
Ayer, Edward E  Search this
Ayers, Edward  Search this
Ayers, Hester  Search this
Baer, John Leonard  Search this
Bailery, Vernon  Search this
Ballou, Howard M  Search this
Ballou, W. H  Search this
Bardin, James C  Search this
Barnett, Homer Garner 1908-  Search this
Barrett, S. A (Samuel Alfred) 1879-1965  Search this
Barry, David Francis  Search this
Barry, J. Neilson  Search this
Beaulieu, C. H  Search this
Beauregard, Donald  Search this
Beckwith, Frank  Search this
Beede, A. McG  Search this
Benedict, A. L  Search this
Benedict, Ruth 1887-1948  Search this
Bennett, Wendell Clark  Search this
Bird, W. A. S  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Blackman, E. E  Search this
Bloch, Ernest 1880-1959  Search this
Blom, Frans  Search this
Blossom, Wayne A  Search this
Blue Eagle, Acee 1907-1959  Search this
Boekelman, H. J  Search this
Brannon, Peter A  Search this
Breazeale, J. F  Search this
Breton, Adela C  Search this
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Society for American Archaeology  Search this
Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Bishop Museum  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Florida Natural History Museum Society  Search this
Florida Geological Society  Search this
Coorespondent:
Cooke, Anne M  Search this
Correspondent:
Hewitt, J. N. B (John Napoleon Brinton) 1859-1937  Search this
Jackson, William Henry  Search this
Johnson, E. G  Search this
Kelly, Arthur Randolph  Search this
Larner, William Angamar  Search this
Lewis, Thomas M. N  Search this
MacDouglass, T  Search this
Scott, Hugh Lenox General  Search this
Smith, Harlan I  Search this
Speck, Frank G (Frank Gouldsmith) 1881-1950  Search this
Boas, Franz 1858-1942  Search this
Adams, James Truslow  Search this
Adams, John Boman  Search this
Adkins, William H  Search this
Corresponent:
McWhorter, Lucullus Birgil  Search this
Subject:
National Gallery of the American Indian  Search this
Carlisle Indian Industrial School  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
Cincinnati Museum Association  Search this
Field Museum of Natural History  Search this
Indian Industrial School  Search this
Physical description:
40.5 linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Alaska
Hawaii
Date:
1909
1909-1949
Topic:
Archeology  Search this
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87803

Bureau of American Ethnology General correspondence 1909-1949

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Alaska Archeological Research  Search this
Correspondent:
Colley, Arthur G  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers  Search this
Corbusier, William Henry 1844-1930  Search this
Corser, H. P  Search this
Cox, P. E Tennessee State Archeologist  Search this
Crow, Charles L  Search this
Cummings, Byron 1860-1954  Search this
Curtin, Jeremiah Mrs  Search this
Custer, Milo  Search this
Dawson, Elmer J  Search this
Deming, Edwin Willard 1860-1942  Search this
Dixon, Joseph Kossuth  Search this
Donehoo, George P  Search this
Douglass, William Boone  Search this
Earle, Charles T  Search this
Elliott, E. M  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Roth, Walter Edmund  Search this
Fenton, William Nelson  Search this
Forde, C. Daryll  Search this
Foreman, Grant  Search this
Fortune, Reo F  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W (Barbara Whitchurch) 1879-1967  Search this
Geary, James A  Search this
Gill, De Lancey W  Search this
Gillin, John Philip  Search this
Gilmore, Melvin R (Melvin Randolph) 1868-1940  Search this
Goddard, Pliny Earle  Search this
Golomshtok, Eugene A  Search this
Gordon, G. B  Search this
Gray, R. H  Search this
Gregory, Herbert E  Search this
Griffin, James Bennett  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird  Search this
Grow, Claud S  Search this
Guha, Biraja S  Search this
Gunther, Erna 1896-1982  Search this
Guthe, Carl E (Carl Eugen) 1893-1974  Search this
Hallowell, Alfred Irving  Search this
Halseth, Odd Sigurd  Search this
Harding, H. T  Search this
Harlan, Edgar R  Search this
Harrington, M. R (Mark Raymond) 1882-1971  Search this
Harrold, Charles C  Search this
Hatt, Gumund  Search this
Hawkes, E. W  Search this
Hawkes, J. G  Search this
Hebard, Grace Raymond  Search this
Henderson, Junius  Search this
Herndl, Carlos  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J (Melville Jean) 1895-1963  Search this
Herzog, George  Search this
Hewett, Edgar Lee  Search this
Heye, George G (George Gustav) 1874-1957  Search this
Heysinger, I. W  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez Sister 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, Frederick L  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb 1864-1956  Search this
Holder, Preston  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943  Search this
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933  Search this
Hooton, Earnest Albert  Search this
Horner, Eva M  Search this
Hostos, Adolfo de  Search this
Hough, Walter 1859-1935  Search this
Howard, J. D  Search this
Hudson, John W  Search this
Hyde, B. Talbot Babbitt  Search this
Hyde, George E  Search this
Ingalls, George W. 1838-1920  Search this
Jacobs, Meville  Search this
James, George Wharton  Search this
Jenks, Albert Ernest  Search this
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969  Search this
Jochelson, Waldemar  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton 1887-1976  Search this
Kappler, Charles J  Search this
Karsten, Rafael  Search this
Kelly, Isabel T (Isabel Truesdell) 1906-  Search this
Kennan, George F  Search this
Kidder, Alfred Vincent  Search this
Krieger, Alex Dony  Search this
Lamme, Vernon  Search this
Leon, Nicolas  Search this
Lenti, Joe B  Search this
Lesser, Alexander  Search this
Libby, O. G  Search this
Lieurance, Thurlow  Search this
Linton, Ralph 1893-1953  Search this
Lothrop, S. K (Samuel Kirkland) 1892-1965  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry 1883-1957  Search this
MacCurdy Human Skeletal Remains from the Highlands of Peru illustrations  Search this
Malinowski, Bronislaw  Search this
Mallery, Otto T  Search this
Marye, William B  Search this
Mason, John Alden 1885-1967  Search this
McKern, Will C  Search this
Means, Philip Ainsworth  Search this
Mencken, H. L  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942  Search this
Mbertraux, Alfred  Search this
Montezuma, Carlos  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moorehead, Warren King  Search this
Morice, Adrien Gabriel  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold 1883-1948  Search this
Mooris, Earl Halstead  Search this
Muir, John M  Search this
Murie, James R  Search this
Myer, William Edward  Search this
Nelson, Nels Christian  Search this
Newcomb, Francis J  Search this
Newman, Marshall Thornton 1911-1994  Search this
Ober, Sara Endicott  Search this
Osborn, E. D  Search this
Palmatary, Helen C  Search this
Parker, Arthur Caswell Dr  Search this
Parker, William Thornton  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Clews  Search this
Parsons, Herbert Mrs  Search this
Paytiamo, James  Search this
Payzant, George Y  Search this
Peabody, Charles  Search this
Pearce, J. E  Search this
Perrine, Fred S  Search this
Petitot, Emile Fortune Stanislas Joseph  Search this
Petter, Rodolphe  Search this
Pettinger, Elizabeth E  Search this
Porter, Arthur P  Search this
Darrah, William Culp  Search this
Rathbun, Richard  Search this
Ravenal, William de C  Search this
Reagan, Albert B  Search this
Reed, Erik Kellerman  Search this
Reeves, Dache McClain Major 1891-1972  Search this
Reichard, D. Lloyd  Search this
Renaud, Etienne Bernadeau  Search this
Rights, Douglas L  Search this
Roberts, Earle O  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H (Frank Harold Hanna) 1897-1966  Search this
Roth, Walter Edmund  Search this
Royce, Charles C  Search this
Sanderville, Richard ca. 1873-1951  Search this
Sargent, Homer E  Search this
Sapir, Edward 1884-1939  Search this
Schoff, Harry L Hamlin, New York  Search this
Scomp, Henry A  Search this
Seton, Ernest Thompson 1860-1946  Search this
Setzler, Frank M (Frank Maryl) 1902-1975  Search this
Shufeldt, Robert W (Robert Wilson) 1850-1934  Search this
Smith, Maurice G  Search this
Spence, Lewis  Search this
Spier, Leslie  Search this
Starr, Emmet  Search this
Densmore, Frances  Search this
Dunn, Jacob Piatt  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter 1850-1930  Search this
Frachtenberg, Leo Joachim 1883-1930  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M  Search this
Jeanwcon, Jean Allard  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Kroeber, A. L (Alfred Louis) 1876-1960  Search this
La Flesche, Francis d. 1932  Search this
Michelson, Truman  Search this
Mooney, James 1861-1921  Search this
Radin, Paul 1883-1959  Search this
Frankfuter, Felix  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams 1896-1975  Search this
Adney, Edwin T  Search this
Adrian, H  Search this
Aitken, Barbara  Search this
Allen, Paul H  Search this
Allen, Virgil D  Search this
Alston, J. K  Search this
Andrews, Harriet A  Search this
Arden, Christine M  Search this
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis  Search this
Auchiah, James 1906-1974  Search this
Austin, Mary  Search this
Ayer, Edward E  Search this
Ayers, Edward  Search this
Ayers, Hester  Search this
Baer, John Leonard  Search this
Bailery, Vernon  Search this
Ballou, Howard M  Search this
Ballou, W. H  Search this
Bardin, James C  Search this
Barnett, Homer Garner 1908-  Search this
Barrett, S. A (Samuel Alfred) 1879-1965  Search this
Barry, David Francis  Search this
Barry, J. Neilson  Search this
Beaulieu, C. H  Search this
Beauregard, Donald  Search this
Beckwith, Frank  Search this
Beede, A. McG  Search this
Benedict, A. L  Search this
Benedict, Ruth 1887-1948  Search this
Bennett, Wendell Clark  Search this
Bird, W. A. S  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Blackman, E. E  Search this
Bloch, Ernest 1880-1959  Search this
Blom, Frans  Search this
Blossom, Wayne A  Search this
Blue Eagle, Acee 1907-1959  Search this
Boekelman, H. J  Search this
Brannon, Peter A  Search this
Breazeale, J. F  Search this
Breton, Adela C  Search this
Brigham, Edward M  Search this
Bryan, Kirk  Search this
Buechel, Eugene  Search this
Bunzel, Ruth Leah 1898-1990  Search this
Burdick, Usher L  Search this
Busch, Carl  Search this
Bushnell, David Ives Jr 1875-1941  Search this
Butler, Amos W  Search this
Campbell, Walter S  Search this
Capron, Louis  Search this
Cassedy, Edwin G  Search this
Ceough, Richard  Search this
Chamberlain, Alexander Francis  Search this
Chapman, Kenneth M  Search this
Churchill, William  Search this
Clark, Charles Upson 1875-1960  Search this
Clarke, J. C  Search this
Cleveland, A.G  Search this
Coe, Joffre L  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur 1879-1962  Search this
Steggerda, Morris  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes 1902-1972  Search this
Stout, David Bond  Search this
Tallant, Montague  Search this
Taylor, Douglas Macrae  Search this
Thalbitzer, William  Search this
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Society for American Archaeology  Search this
Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Bishop Museum  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Florida Natural History Museum Society  Search this
Florida Geological Society  Search this
Coorespondent:
Cooke, Anne M  Search this
Correspondent:
Hewitt, J. N. B (John Napoleon Brinton) 1859-1937  Search this
Jackson, William Henry  Search this
Johnson, E. G  Search this
Kelly, Arthur Randolph  Search this
Larner, William Angamar  Search this
Lewis, Thomas M. N  Search this
MacDouglass, T  Search this
Scott, Hugh Lenox General  Search this
Smith, Harlan I  Search this
Speck, Frank G (Frank Gouldsmith) 1881-1950  Search this
Boas, Franz 1858-1942  Search this
Adams, James Truslow  Search this
Adams, John Boman  Search this
Adkins, William H  Search this
Corresponent:
McWhorter, Lucullus Birgil  Search this
Subject:
National Gallery of the American Indian  Search this
Carlisle Indian Industrial School  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
Cincinnati Museum Association  Search this
Field Museum of Natural History  Search this
Indian Industrial School  Search this
Physical description:
40.5 linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Alaska
Hawaii
Date:
1909-1949
Topic:
Archeology  Search this
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87859

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