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Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Subject:
Di Prima, Diane  Search this
Sherman, Donald  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Wieners, John  Search this
Lamantia, Philip  Search this
Jordan, Patricia M.  Search this
Hirschman, Jack  Search this
Jess  Search this
Herms, George  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Meltzer, David  Search this
McClure, Michael  Search this
Symmes, Robert  Search this
Perkoff, Stuart Z.  Search this
Fonda, Peter  Search this
Hopper, Dennis  Search this
DeFeo, Jay  Search this
Heinecken, Robert  Search this
Ginsberg, Allen  Search this
Patchen, Kenneth  Search this
Miller, Henry  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Works of art
Photographs
Drawings
Topic:
Semina  Search this
Beat generation  Search this
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Art  Search this
Collage  Search this
Poets  Search this
Assemblage artists  Search this
Assemblage (Art)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10771
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214392
AAA_collcode_bermwall
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214392
Additional Online Media:

Different drummers : Wallace Berman, Clyde Connell, Bruce Conner ... / Frank Gettings ; biographies, exhibition histories, and bibliographies by Anna Brooke

Author:
Gettings, Frank  Search this
Brooke, Anna  Search this
Berman, Wallace 1926-1976  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Physical description:
155 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1988
©1988
20th century
Topic:
Art, American--Themes, motives  Search this
Call number:
N6512.G44 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_355365

Wallace Berman postcard to Lawrence and Patricia Jordan

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Jordan, Patricia M., 1937-1989  Search this
Subject:
Berman, Wallace  Search this
Jordan, Patricia M.  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1960
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9812
See more items in:
Patricia Jordan papers, 1870, 1949-1984
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9812
Additional Online Media:

Wallace Berman holiday card to Jay DeFeo

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1970 Dec. 22
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10262
See more items in:
Jay DeFeo papers, circa 1940s-1970s
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10262
Additional Online Media:

Jay DeFeo mail art to Wallace Berman

Creator:
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989  Search this
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1965
Topic:
Film posters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14001
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14001
Additional Online Media:

Unidentified collage

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1970
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19596
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19596
Additional Online Media:

Semina 6

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Subject:
Meltzer, David  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Place:
Calif.
Date:
circa 1960
Topic:
Magazines (periodicals)  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9915
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9915
Additional Online Media:

Semina 7

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
circa 1961
Topic:
Magazines (periodicals)  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9916
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9916
Additional Online Media:

Semina no. 1

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1955
Topic:
Magazines (periodicals)  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9928
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9928
Additional Online Media:

Semina two

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
circa 1956
Topic:
Poetry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9929
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9929
Additional Online Media:

Semina 4

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Place:
San Francisco, Calif.
Date:
circa 1959
Topic:
Magazines (periodicals)  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9932
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9932
Additional Online Media:

Semina 8

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Place:
Los Angeles, Calif.
Date:
1963
Topic:
Magazines (periodicals)  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9933
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9933
Additional Online Media:

Semina 5

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Subject:
Brittin, Charles  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1959
Topic:
Magazines (periodicals)  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9935
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9935
Additional Online Media:

Wallace Berman mail art to Shirley Berman

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Berman, Shirley  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1962 November 27
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9985
See more items in:
Robert Alexander papers and Temple of Man records, 1938-2015
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9985
Additional Online Media:

Tosh : growing up in Wallace Berman's world / Tosh Berman

Author:
Berman, Tosh 1954-  Search this
Subject:
Berman, Tosh 1954-  Search this
Berman, Wallace 1926-1976 Family  Search this
Berman, Wallace 1926-1976 Friends and associates  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 309 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
Authors, American  Search this
Children of artists  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105374

Wallace Berman

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Names:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989  Search this
Di Prima, Diane  Search this
Duncan, Robert Edward, 1919-  Search this
Fonda, Peter, 1940-  Search this
Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-  Search this
Heinecken, Robert, 1931-  Search this
Herms, George, 1935-  Search this
Hirschman, Jack, 1933-  Search this
Hopper, Dennis, 1936-  Search this
Jess, 1923-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Jordan, Patricia M., 1937-1989  Search this
Lamantia, Philip, 1927-  Search this
McClure, Michael  Search this
Meltzer, David  Search this
Miller, Henry, 1891-  Search this
Patchen, Kenneth, 1911-1972  Search this
Perkoff, Stuart Z.  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Sherman, Donald  Search this
Wieners, John, 1934-  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Date:
1907-1979
bulk 1955-1979
Summary:
The Wallace Berman papers date from 1907 to 1979 (bulk 1955-1979). The collection measures 5 linear feet and presents a cursory overview of Berman's career as an assemblage artist and poet. The collection contains business correspondence, letters from other artists and writers of the Beat movement, writings by others, scattered artwork by Berman, photographs by Robert F. Heinecken, and sound recordings of poetry readings.
Scope and Content Note:
The Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979), measure 5 linear feet and present a cursory overview of Berman's career as an assemblage artist and poet. The collection is valuable not only for its documentation of the work of Wallace Berman, but for its documentation of the California beat movement of the late 1950s through the early 1970s.

Found are numerous letters, writings, poems, and other published material which portray the thoughts, attitudes, and trends popular in a prominent underground culture which eventually led to radical changes in America and American art. The collection contains business correspondence, letters from other artists and writers of the beat movement, writings by others, scattered artwork by Berman, and photographs by Robert F. Heinecken. In addition, the collection contains files for Berman's mail art publications Semina and S.M.S. Also of note is the large volume of printed material (2.7 feet), much of it in the form of books and other published material. Sound recordings include poets Michael McClure, Kenneth Patchen, David Melzer, and another unidentified writer performing their work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series which generally reflect material type.

With the exception of the letters in Series 1, each series is arranged chronologically. The original arrangement of the letters has been maintained, with a chronological arrangement of miscellaneous business letters and an alphabetical arrangement of the letters from Berman's more prominent colleagues.

Series 1: Letters, 1957-1979, undated (box 1, 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Notes from Interview, 1967 (box 1, 1 folder)

Series 3: Writings by Others, 1972, undated (box 1, 6 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, 1956-1976 (box 1, 4 folders)

Series 5: Semina, 1955-1967 (boxes 1-2, 26 folders)

Series 6: S. M. S., 1968 (box 2, 1 folders)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1907-1976 (boxes 2-5, 2.7 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1956-1976 (box 5, 6 folders)

Series 9: Sound Recordings, 1962-1965 (box 5, 6 folders)
Biographical Note:
Wallace Berman was born in 1926 in Staten Island, New York. In the 1930s, his family moved to the Jewish district in Los Angeles. After being expelled from high school for gambling in the early 1940s, Berman immersed himself in the growing West Coast jazz scene. During this period, he briefly attended the Jepson Art School and Chouinard Art School, but departed when he found the training too academic for his needs.

In 1949, while working in a factory finishing antique furniture, he began to make sculptures from unused scraps and reject materials. By the early 1950s, Berman had become a full-time artist and an active figure in the beat community in Los Angeles and San Francisco. Many art historians consider him to be the "father" of the California assemblage movement. Moving between the two cities, Berman devoted himself to his mail art publication Semina, which contained a sampling of beat poetry and images selected by Berman.

In 1963, permanently settled in Topanga Canyon in the Los Angeles area, Berman began work on verifax collages (printed images, often from magazines and newspapers, mounted in collage fashion onto a flat surface, sometimes with solid bright areas of acrylic paint). He continued creating these works, as well as rock assemblages, until his death in 1976.
Provenance:
The Wallace Berman papers were donated by Tosh Berman, Wallace Berman's son, in 1992.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Wallace Berman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Poets  Search this
Collage  Search this
Art -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Assemblage (Art)  Search this
Assemblage artists  Search this
Beat generation -- California  Search this
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bermwall
See more items in:
Wallace Berman
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bermwall
Additional Online Media:

Michael McClure and Unidentified Poet Performing with Sound Effects

Collection Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound tape reel
Container:
Box 6, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Sound tape reels
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Wallace Berman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Wallace Berman
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bermwall-ref154

Poetry Readings by David Meltzer and Kenneth Patchen

Collection Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound tape reel
Container:
Box 6, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Sound tape reels
Date:
1962
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Wallace Berman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Wallace Berman
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bermwall-ref155

Michael McClure Poetry Reading at the Lion House, San Francisco; recorded by Bruce Kansas Connor

Collection Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Extent:
10 Sound tape reels (multiple copies of limited edition sound publication)
(9 identical copies)
Container:
Box 6, Folder 3-6
Type:
Archival materials
Sound tape reels
Date:
1965
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Wallace Berman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Wallace Berman
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bermwall-ref157

Jay DeFeo papers

Creator:
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989  Search this
Names:
Berman, Shirley  Search this
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Blum, Irving, 1930-  Search this
Conner, Bruce  Search this
Hedrick, Wally, 1928-2003  Search this
Lobdell, Frank, 1921-  Search this
McClure, Michael  Search this
Peterson, Margaret, 1903-  Search this
Remington, Deborah  Search this
Sinton, Nell, 1910-1997  Search this
Terrill, Ruth  Search this
Extent:
1.3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
circa 1940s-1970s
Summary:
The papers of artist Jay DeFeo measure 1.3 linear feet and date from circa 1940s to circa 1970s. The collection documents her career through biographical material, correspondence with friends, personal business records, writings, printed material, artwork, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of artist Jay DeFeo measure 1.3 linear feet and date from circa 1940s to circa 1970s. The collection documents her career through biographical material, correspondence with friends, personal business records, writings, printed material, artwork, and photographs.

About half of the collection is made up of correspondence and photographs. DeFeo maintained ongoing communications with many artists, friends, and business associates. Notable correspondence is with Wallace and Shirley Berman, Irving Blum/Ferus Gallery, Bruce Conner, Frank Lobdell, Fred Martin, Michael McClure, Margaret Peterson, Deborah Remington, Ruth Terrill, and Eleanor (Nell) Sinton. The photographs document her adult years, although there are some as a teenager. DeFeo, her artist husband Wally Hedrick, and friends appear in many of the images. The remainder of the collection includes printed materials, exhibition information, some writings and some limited artwork. The collection is particularly rich in documentation on her artwork, The Rose.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series

Series 1: Biographical material, 1948-1969 (1 folder; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1960-1970s (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1960s (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1964-1974 (2 folders; Box 1)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1950s-1970s (2 folders; Box 1, OV 3)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1940s-1970s (0.4 linear feet; Box 1, OV 3)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1950s-1960s (0.2 linear feet; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
Jay DeFeo (1929-1989) lived and worked in Northern California where she was a prominent figure in the San Francisco Bay Area art scene as a painter in the progressive art community. She identified her artistic style as expressionist and symbolist.

DeFeo was born in Hanover, New Hampshire, and was three years old when her family moved to the Bay Area. She attended the University of California Berkeley and earned an Associate's Degree in 1948, a B.A. in 1950 and a M.A. in Fine Arts in 1951. After earning the M.A. she took 18 months to travel in France, Spain, northern Africa, and Italy. She spent 6 months in Florence where she painted and produced her first important body of work. DeFeo returned to San Francisco at the end of her trip.

DeFeo married fellow artist Wally Hedrick in 1954. They settled in a large Victorian flat at 2322 Fillmore Street and actively participated in Beat counter culture. DeFeo and Hedrick counted many artists among their friends and colleagues, including musicians, painters, poets, and photographers. They threw large parties with hundreds of guests. DeFeo produced a range of works during her four-decade long career. She began working on her most celebrated and massive painting, The Rose, in the Fillmore flat.

In the mid-1960s, DeFeo began teaching at the San Francisco Art Institute. She and Wally Hedrick divorced in 1969, and she moved to Larkspur in Marin County to regroup from personal set-backs and the draining experience of working on The Rose. In 1980 she joined the art faculty at Mills College. She maintained personal and professional correspondences with many people, and her papers include letters about conservation efforts for The Rose.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art has an oral history interview with DeFeo conducted 1975 June 3-1976 January 23 by Paul Karlstrom for the Archives of America Art. An 83 page transcript is available online.

The Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley holds some of DeFeo's archival materials.
Provenance:
Donated between 1975-1981 by Jay DeFeo.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Jay DeFeo papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Topic:
Photography -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Photographers -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Photography -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jay DeFeo papers, circa 1940s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.defejay
See more items in:
Jay DeFeo papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-defejay

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