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[Photographs of artists taken by Mimi Jacobs, photographer]

Photographer:
Jacobs, Mimi  Search this
Names:
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984 -- Photographs  Search this
Adams, Mark, 1925-2006 -- Photographs  Search this
Allan, William George, 1936- -- Photographs  Search this
Anderson, Jeremy, 1921-1982 -- Photographs  Search this
Armer, Ruth, 1896-1977 -- Photographs  Search this
Arneson, Robert, 1930-1992  Search this
Arnoldi, Charles, 1946- -- Photographs  Search this
Asawa, Ruth -- Photographs  Search this
Beall, Dennis Ray, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Beasley, Bruce, 1939- -- Photographs  Search this
Bechtle, Robert Alan, 1932- -- Photographs  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al -- Photographs  Search this
Benton, Fletcher, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Berlant, Anthony -- Photographs  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer, 1916-1991 -- Photographs  Search this
Blunk, J. B., 1926- -- Photographs  Search this
Brice, William, 1921-2008 -- Photographs  Search this
Brown, Joan, 1938-1990  Search this
Celmins, Vija, 1938- -- Photographs  Search this
Chicago, Judy, 1939- -- Photographs  Search this
Conner, Bruce -- Photographs  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
De Forest, Roy, 1930-2007 -- Photographs  Search this
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989 -- Photographs  Search this
DeLap, Tony, 1927- -- Photographs  Search this
Dickinson, Eleanor, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993 -- Photographs  Search this
Dill, Guy, 1946- -- Photographs  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997 -- Photographs  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923- -- Photographs  Search this
Gilhooly, David -- Photographs  Search this
Goldyne, Joseph R.  Search this
Gooch, Gerald -- Photographs  Search this
Gordon, Russell Talbert, 1936- -- Photographs  Search this
Graham, Robert, 1938- -- Photographs  Search this
Hedrick, Wally, 1928-2003 -- Photographs  Search this
Holland, Tom, 1936- -- Photographs  Search this
Hopkins, Henry, 1928-2009  Search this
Howard, Robert Boardman, 1896-1983 -- Photographs  Search this
Hudson, Robert, 1938- -- Photographs  Search this
Ihle, John Livingston, 1925- -- Photographs  Search this
Irwin, Robert, 1928- -- Photographs  Search this
Johnson, Robert E. (Robert Emory), 1932- -- Photographs  Search this
Kauffman, Craig, 1932-2010  Search this
Light, Alvin, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Lobdell, Frank, 1921- -- Photographs  Search this
Martin, Bill, 1943- -- Photographs  Search this
McLean, Richard Thorpe, 1934- -- Photographs  Search this
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998 -- Photographs  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941- -- Photographs  Search this
Neri, Manuel, 1930- -- Photographs  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988 -- Photographs  Search this
Oliveira, Nathan, 1928-2010 -- Photographs  Search this
Paris, Harold, 1925- -- Photographs  Search this
Raffael, Joseph, 1933- -- Photographs  Search this
Ramos, Mel, 1935-2018 -- Photographs  Search this
Reichman, Fred, 1925- -- Photographs  Search this
Richardson, Sam, 1934- -- Photographs  Search this
Ruscha, Edward -- Photographs  Search this
Saar, Betye -- Photographs  Search this
Saunders, Raymond, 1934- -- Photographs  Search this
Shaw, Richard, 1941 Sept. 12- -- Photographs  Search this
Siegriest, Louis B., 1899- -- Photographs  Search this
Sinton, Nell, 1910-1997 -- Photographs  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne -- Photographs  Search this
Todd, Mike, 1935- -- Photographs  Search this
Valledor, Leo, 1936-1989 -- Photographs  Search this
Villa, Carlos, 1936-2013 -- Photographs  Search this
Voulkos, Peter, 1924-2002 -- Photographs  Search this
Wasserstein, Julius -- Photographs  Search this
Wiley, William T., 1937-  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson, 1914- -- Photographs  Search this
Wonner, Paul, 1920-2008 -- Photographs  Search this
Zammitt, Norman, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
140 Items (photographic prints, b&w)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1971-1981
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of artists, many from the San Francisco Bay Area, taken by Mimi Jacobs.
Artists photographed: Ansel Adams, Robert Arneson, Ruth Asawa, Billy Al Bengston, Fletcher Benton, Robert Bechtle, J. B. Blunk, William Brice, Joan Brown, Imogen Cunningham, Jay De Feo, Eleanor Dickinson, Richard Diebenkorn, Laddie John Dill, Archeliat Esherick, Sam Francis, David Gilhooly, Joseph Goldyne, Robert Graham, Henry Hopkins, Robert B. Howard, John Ihle, Robert Irwin, Allen Jones, Alvin Light, Lee Mullican, Isamu Noguchi, Howard Paris, Joseph Raffael, Fred Reichman, Ed Ruscha, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Richard Shaw, Louis Siegriest, Nell Sinton, Wayne Thiebaud, DeWain Valentine, Leo Valledor, Carlos Villa, Peter Voulkos, William T. Wiley, Emerson Woelffer.
Photographs of Mark Adams, William Allan, Jeremy Anderson, Ruth Armer, Charles Arnoldi, Dennis Beall, Bruce Beasley, Tony Berlant, Elmer Bischoff, Vija Celmins, Judy Chicago, Bruce Conner, Roy de Forest, Tony DeLap, Guy Dill, Claire Falkenstein, Gerald Gooch, Russell Gordon, Wally Hedrick, Tom Holland, Robert Hudson, Robert Emory Johnson, Frank Lobdell, Robert Craig Kaufman, Richard McLean, Bill Martin, Manuel Neri, Bruce Nauman, Nathan Oliveira, Mel Ramos, Sam Richardson, Michael Todd, Julius Wasserstein, Paul Wonner and Norman Zammitt.
In 1999, additional photographs were donated including many duplicates of the previous donations. These include 50 mounted photographs of West Coast artists, twenty-four of which were exhibited in 1980 at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and published in 50 West Coast Artists: A Critical Selection of Painters and Sculptors (1981, Chronicle Books). Photographs are of Ansel Adams, Robert Arneson, Billy Al Bengston, Robert Bechtle, Fletcher Benton, J. B. Blunk, William Brice, Joan Brown, Imogen Cunningham, Jay De Feo, Eleanor Dickinson, Richard Diebenkorn, Laddie John Dill, Archeliat Esherick, Sam Francis, David Gilhooly, Joseph Goldyne, Robert Graham, Henry Hopkins, Robert Howard, John Ihle, Robert Irwin, Allen Jones, Alvin Light, Lee Mullican, Isamu Noguchi, Howard Paris, Joseph Raffael, Fred Reichman, Ed Ruscha, Betye Saar, Richard Shaw, Louis Siegrist, Nell Sinton, Wayne Thiebaud, De Wain Valentine, Leo Valledor, Carlos Villa, Peter Voulkos, William Wiley, and Emerson Woeffer.
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer; Kentfield, Calif.; b. 1911; d. April 1, 1999. Known in the San Francisco Bay Area for her portraits of prominent local figures, many of whom were artists. She eventually expanded her scope beyond Northern California to included artists in the Los Angeles region as well. These images were widely reproduced in books and in exhibitions and in many cases became the portraits by which the individuals were best known. Among her subjects were Ed Ruscha, Robert Graham, Peter Voulkos, Joan Brown, Isamu Noguchi, Jay DeFeo, Wayne Thiebaud, Imogen Cunningham, and Richard Diebenkorn. Several exhibitions were devoted to the photographs as independent works of art, an acknowledgement of their pictorial qualities as well as their value as documents.
Provenance:
Donated 1976-1992 by Mimi Jacobs. Additional photos, many of them duplicates of previous donations, were donated in 1999 by Leslie Fleming, Jacobs' daughter, for the Estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Photographers -- California  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- Portraits  Search this
Artists -- California -- Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.jacomimi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jacomimi

Wallace Berman papers

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Names:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989  Search this
Di Prima, Diane  Search this
Duncan, Robert Edward, 1919-  Search this
Fonda, Peter, 1940-  Search this
Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-  Search this
Heinecken, Robert, 1931-  Search this
Herms, George, 1935-  Search this
Hirschman, Jack, 1933-  Search this
Hopper, Dennis, 1936-  Search this
Jess, 1923-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Jordan, Patricia M., 1937-1989  Search this
Lamantia, Philip, 1927-  Search this
McClure, Michael  Search this
Meltzer, David  Search this
Miller, Henry, 1891-  Search this
Patchen, Kenneth, 1911-1972  Search this
Perkoff, Stuart Z.  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Sherman, Donald  Search this
Wieners, John, 1934-  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Date:
1907-1979
bulk 1955-1979
Summary:
The Wallace Berman papers date from 1907 to 1979 (bulk 1955-1979). The collection measures 5 linear feet and presents a cursory overview of Berman's career as an assemblage artist and poet. The collection contains business correspondence, letters from other artists and writers of the Beat movement, writings by others, scattered artwork by Berman, photographs by Robert F. Heinecken, and sound recordings of poetry readings.
Scope and Content Note:
The Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979), measure 5 linear feet and present a cursory overview of Berman's career as an assemblage artist and poet. The collection is valuable not only for its documentation of the work of Wallace Berman, but for its documentation of the California beat movement of the late 1950s through the early 1970s.

Found are numerous letters, writings, poems, and other published material which portray the thoughts, attitudes, and trends popular in a prominent underground culture which eventually led to radical changes in America and American art. The collection contains business correspondence, letters from other artists and writers of the beat movement, writings by others, scattered artwork by Berman, and photographs by Robert F. Heinecken. In addition, the collection contains files for Berman's mail art publications Semina and S.M.S. Also of note is the large volume of printed material (2.7 feet), much of it in the form of books and other published material. Sound recordings include poets Michael McClure, Kenneth Patchen, David Melzer, and another unidentified writer performing their work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series which generally reflect material type.

With the exception of the letters in Series 1, each series is arranged chronologically. The original arrangement of the letters has been maintained, with a chronological arrangement of miscellaneous business letters and an alphabetical arrangement of the letters from Berman's more prominent colleagues.

Missing Title

Series 1: Letters, 1957-1979, undated (box 1, 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Notes from Interview, 1967 (box 1, 1 folder)

Series 3: Writings by Others, 1972, undated (box 1, 6 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, 1956-1976 (box 1, 4 folders)

Series 5: Semina, 1955-1967 (boxes 1-2, 26 folders)

Series 6: S. M. S., 1968 (box 2, 1 folders)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1907-1976 (boxes 2-5, 2.7 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1956-1976 (box 5, 6 folders)

Series 9: Sound Recordings, 1962-1965 (box 5, 6 folders)
Biographical Note:
Wallace Berman was born in 1926 in Staten Island, New York. In the 1930s, his family moved to the Jewish district in Los Angeles. After being expelled from high school for gambling in the early 1940s, Berman immersed himself in the growing West Coast jazz scene. During this period, he briefly attended the Jepson Art School and Chouinard Art School, but departed when he found the training too academic for his needs.

In 1949, while working in a factory finishing antique furniture, he began to make sculptures from unused scraps and reject materials. By the early 1950s, Berman had become a full-time artist and an active figure in the beat community in Los Angeles and San Francisco. Many art historians consider him to be the "father" of the California assemblage movement. Moving between the two cities, Berman devoted himself to his mail art publication Semina, which contained a sampling of beat poetry and images selected by Berman.

In 1963, permanently settled in Topanga Canyon in the Los Angeles area, Berman began work on verifax collages (printed images, often from magazines and newspapers, mounted in collage fashion onto a flat surface, sometimes with solid bright areas of acrylic paint). He continued creating these works, as well as rock assemblages, until his death in 1976.
Provenance:
The Wallace Berman papers were donated by Tosh Berman, Wallace Berman's son, in 1992.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Assemblage artists  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Poets  Search this
Collage  Search this
Art -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Assemblage (Art)  Search this
Beat generation  Search this
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bermwall
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bermwall
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Henry Tyler Hopkins

Interviewee:
Hopkins, Henry, 1928-2009  Search this
Interviewer:
Chamberlin, Wesley  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago -- Student  Search this
Fort Worth Art Museum  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art  Search this
Bell, Larry, 1939-  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Bereal, Edmund, 1937-  Search this
Blum, Shirley Neilsen.  Search this
Copley, William Nelson, 1919-1996  Search this
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Goode, Joe, 1937-  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Irwin, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Miyashiro, Ron  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Price, Kenneth, 1935-2012  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Extent:
7 Sound cassettes (Sound recording)
90 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1980 Oct. 24-Dec. 17
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Henry Tyler Hopkins conducted 1980 Oct. 24-1980 Dec. 17, by Wesley Chamberlin, for the Archives of American Art.
Hopkins speaks of his childhood and family background in Idaho; his education in Idaho and at the Art Institute of Chicago; his U.S. Army service as a photographer; the influence upon him of the early abstract expressionists; moving to California and getting involved in the museum community; working as a curator at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and developing its collection of modern works; becoming the director of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the value of art appreciation over art entertainment; problems with corporate and federal support; the psychological aspects of Jackson Pollack's work; pop art; the Bay area art scene; and the role of art museums. He recalls Shirley and Walter Hopps, Ed Ruscha, Joe Goode, Larry Bell, Ed Bereal, Ron Miyashiro, Jackson Pollack, Joseph Cornell, Billy Al Bengston, Kenny Price, Robert Irwin, William Copley, Franz Kline, and many others.
Biographical / Historical:
Henry Hopkins (1928-2009) was a director of San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Museum directors -- California -- San Francisco -- Interviews  Search this
Function:
Art museums -- California -- San Francisco
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.hopkin80
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hopkin80
Online Media:

Billy Al Bengston [by] James Monte. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Lytton Hall, November 26, 1968-January 12, 1969

Author:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Author:
Monte, James K  Search this
Vancouver Art Gallery  Search this
Corcoran Gallery--Dupont Center  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art Contemporary Art Council  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries Artists' Books DSI  Search this
Subject:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Physical description:
[64] pages illustrations (part color) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogues
Artists' books (books).)
Artists' books
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1968
Call number:
N40.1.B46 M7
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_22606

Billy Al Bengston

Artist:
Ron Cooper, 24 Jul 1943  Search this
Sitter:
Billy Al Bengston  Search this
Medium:
Bronze on steel base
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
mid-late 20th century
Topic:
Billy Al Bengston: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Ron Cooper Studio
Object number:
NM030022
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d791de38-2488-42a7-b25e-b090bc70bee8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NM030022

Oral history interview with Nathan Oliveira

Interviewee:
Oliveira, Nathan, 1928-2010  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Albright, Ivan, 1897-1983  Search this
Beckmann, Max, 1884-1950  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Boyle, Keith  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Oldfield, Otis, 1890-1969  Search this
Extent:
92 Pages (Transcript, 1978-1980 sessions)
28 Pages (Transcript 1981 session)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1978 Aug. 9-1981 Dec. 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Nathan Oliveira conducted 1978 Aug. 9-1981 Dec. 29, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Oliveira speaks of his family background and ancestry; his childhood; his education; the development of his interest in art; working as a bookbinder; his inspirations from the old masters; studying with Max Beckmann and Otis Oldfield; his U.S. Army service; working with Richard Diebenkorn; getting established in galleries as a printmaker; teaching printmaking; his European travels; living in Illinois and its effect on his career; moving to California; and meeting and working with Martha Jackson. He recalls Billy Al Bengston, Ivan Albright, and Willem de Kooning, and discusses de Kooning's influence on him.
Oliveira also speaks of subject matter in his paintings, and his departure from and his later return to the human figure; the relationship between artist and model; the importance and persistence of the figurative tradition in American art; artists he admires. He recalls Keith Boyle and Frank Lobdell.
Biographical / Historical:
Nathan Oliveira (1928-2010) was a painter, printmaker, and sculptor from Stanford, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound tape reels and 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hrs., 39 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
1978-1980 session; transcript: Transcript available on microfilm.
Occupation:
Artists' models  Search this
Topic:
Figurative art  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Artists' models -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.olivei78
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-olivei78
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ed Moses

Interviewee:
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Interviewer:
Figoten, Sheldon  Search this
Names:
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Extent:
142 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1980 July 10-12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ed Moses conducted 1980 July 10-12, by Sheldon Figoten, for the Archives of American Art.
Moses speaks of his family background and early education; his childhood and its impact on him and his work; his U.S. Navy service; his education at Long Beach City College and at the University of California, Los Angeles; studying under Rico Lebrun; his friendships with Billy Al Bengston and John Altoon; the Ferus Gallery; environmental projects; living in Spain; the impact of the old masters; and his exhibitions. He recalls Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, and Leo Castelli.
Biographical / Historical:
Ed Moses (1926- ) is a painter from Venice, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 6 hrs., 52 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviSews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.moses80
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-moses80
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Billy Al Bengston

Interviewee:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Interviewer:
Morgan, Susan Ford  Search this
Names:
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Westermann, H. C. (Horace Clifford), 1922-  Search this
Extent:
33 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2002 August 7-October 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Billy Al Bengston conducted 2002 August 7 and 2002 October 2, by Susan Ford Morgan, for the Archives of American Art, in subject's studio/home, in Venice, California.
Biographical / Historical:
Billy Al Bengston (1934- ) is a painter from Venice, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav file. Duration is 2 hrs., 6 min.
Sound Quality is poor. Session 2 inaudible. Interviewer did not check taping quality before taping interview.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bengst02
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bengst02
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Billy Al Bengston

Interviewee:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Interviewer:
Larsen, Susan C.  Search this
Names:
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Price, Kenneth, 1935-2012  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Extent:
38 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1980 September 9
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Billy Al Bengston conducted 1980 September 9, by Susan Larsen, for the Archives of American Art.
Bengston speaks of his youth and education, the development of his interest in art, his short career in ceramics, his affiliation with the Ferus Gallery, the arts community in Los Angeles in the early 1950s, and his motives and methods of painting. He recalls Kenneth Price and Edward Ruscha.
Biographical / Historical:
Billy Al Bengston (1934- ) is a painter from Venice, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 20 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- California  Search this
Pottery -- 20th century -- California  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bengst80
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bengst80
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Billy Al Bengston

Creator:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Interviewer:
Simms, Matthew Thomas  Search this
Names:
Pandemic Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((27 min.), digital, mp4)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Interviews
Date:
2020 July 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Billy Al Bengston conducted 2020 July 29, by Matthew Simms, for the Archives of American Art's Pandemic Oral History Project at Bengston's home in Venice, California.
Biographical / Historical:
Billy Al Bengston (1934-) is a painter in Venice, California.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds an interview with Billy Al Bengston conducted 1980 September 9, by Susan Larsen, an interview with Bengston conducted 2002 August 7 and 2002 October 2, by Susan Ford Morgan, and the Billy Al Bengston papers.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its Oral History Program interviews available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. Quotation, reproduction and publication of the audio is governed by restrictions. If an interview has been transcribed, researchers must quote from the transcript. If an interview has not been transcribed, researchers must quote from the audio recording. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Venice  Search this
Topic:
Pandemics  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bengst20
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bengst20
Online Media:

Rosamund Felsen gallery records

Creator:
Rosamund Felsen Gallery  Search this
Names:
Acerol, Ali  Search this
Ackerman, Robert E.  Search this
Andrews, Oliver  Search this
Beach, Alicia  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Boskovich, John  Search this
Brown, Greg  Search this
Burden, Chris, 1946-  Search this
Burkhart, Dan  Search this
Bush, Stephen, 1958-  Search this
Cointet, Guy de, 1934-1983  Search this
Cooper, Ron, 1943-  Search this
Craft, Ann Thorny  Search this
Cranston, Meg  Search this
Dill, Guy, 1946-  Search this
Dowell, Roy  Search this
Gambrill, Jeff  Search this
Hayward, James, 1943-  Search this
Jackson, Richard  Search this
James, Mac  Search this
Jiménez, Cisco, 1969-  Search this
Kabakov, Ilʹia︠ ︡Iosifovich, 1933-  Search this
Kaino, Glenn (Glenn Akira), 1972-  Search this
Kelley, Mike, 1954-2012  Search this
Kidon, Heidi  Search this
Knechtel, Tom, 1952-  Search this
Lodato, Peter  Search this
McCarthy, Paul  Search this
Miller, John  Search this
Newkirk, Kori, 1970-  Search this
Nordman, Maria  Search this
Oshiro, Kaz, 1967-  Search this
Owens, Laura  Search this
Pettibon, Raymond, 1957-  Search this
Pittman, Lari, 1952-  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Rice, Leland, 1940-  Search this
Rogers, Steve  Search this
Rothenberg, Erika  Search this
Ruppersberg, Allen, 1944-  Search this
Shaw, Jim, 1952-  Search this
Sklar, Keith  Search this
Smith, Alexis, 1949-  Search this
Sonnier, Keith, 1941-2020  Search this
Syrop, Mitchell, 1953-  Search this
Vallance, Jeffrey  Search this
Weber, Marnie  Search this
Wegman, William  Search this
Extent:
35.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1978-2014
Scope and Contents:
Artists' files including biographical information, slides, reviews; exhibition files; a scrapbook (unbound); slides and photographs of works of art and exhibition installations; works of art; printed material including posters; and financial material regarding the Rosamund Felsen Gallery.
Among the artists are Alicia Beach, Meg Cranston, Richard Jackson, Kaz Oshiro, John Boskovich, Jeff Gambill, Robert Rauschenberg, William Wegman, Ann Thorny Craft, Raymond Pettibon, Jeffrey Vallance, Mitchell Syrop, Mac James, Stephen Bush, Ali Acerol, Marnie Weber, Keith Sklar, Leland Rice, Steve Rogers, Greg Brown, Robert Ackerman, Dan Burkhart, Oliver Andrews, Ron Cooper, Guy Dill, James Hayward, Billy Al Bengston, Erika Rothenberg, Peter Lodato, Keith Sonnier, Tom Knechtel, Paul McCarthy, Jim Shaw, Maria Nordman, Kori Newkirk, Laura Owens, Al Ruppersberg, Ilya Kabakov, Alexis Smith, Roy Dowell, Lari Pittman, Guy de Cointet, Cisco Jiménez, Glenn Kaino, John Miller, Chris Burden, Mike Kelley, Heidi Kidon and others.
Biographical / Historical:
The Rosamund Felsen Gallery (established 1978) is an art gallery in Santa Monica, California that focuses on the art community in Los Angeles, California.
Provenance:
Donated 2014- 2016 by the Rosamund Felsen Gallery via Rosamund Felsen, gallery founder and owner.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.rosafelg
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosafelg

Photographs of Southern California artists / Arnold Chanin, photographer

Photographer:
Chanin, Arnold  Search this
Names:
Arnold, Chuck -- Photographs  Search this
Arnold, Florence M. (Florence Millner), 1900-1994 -- Photographs  Search this
Bassler, Robert Covey, 1935- -- Photographs  Search this
Bell, Larry, 1939- -- Photographs  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al -- Photographs  Search this
Benjamin, Karl -- Photographs  Search this
Berlant, Anthony -- Photographs  Search this
Bieser, Natalie, 1948- -- Photographs  Search this
Block, Irving -- Photographs  Search this
Brigante, Nicholas P., 1895-1989  Search this
Burkhardt, Hans Gustav, 1904-1994 -- Photographs  Search this
Casanova, Aldo John, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Chann, George, 1915- -- Photographs  Search this
Crutchfield, William, 1932- -- Photographs  Search this
Csengeri, George -- Photographs  Search this
Cytron, Dan -- Photographs  Search this
Danieli, Edie -- Photographs  Search this
Danieli, Fidel -- Photographs  Search this
De Miranda, Yvonne -- Photographs  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993 -- Photographs  Search this
Dimitrov, Lucienne Bloch -- Photographs  Search this
Dimitrov, Steve -- Photographs  Search this
Eversley, Frederick -- Photographs  Search this
Faiss, Fritz -- Photographs  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997 -- Photographs  Search this
Finch, Keith -- Photographs  Search this
Finkelstein, Max, 1915- -- Photographs  Search this
Fricano, Tom S., 1930- -- Photographs  Search this
Gebhardt, Harold, 1907- -- Photographs  Search this
Gebhardt, Peter Martin, 1943- -- Photographs  Search this
Gibson, George, 1904- -- Photographs  Search this
Gino, Robert -- Photographs  Search this
Hanzakos, Claire -- Photographs  Search this
Hanzakos, Mike -- Photographs  Search this
Hartman, Donald -- Photographs  Search this
Jackman, Sandra -- Photographs  Search this
Johnston, Ynez, 1920- -- Photographs  Search this
Kohn, Edmond -- Photographs  Search this
Kohn, Gabriel, 1910-1975 -- Photographs  Search this
Krasnow, Peter, 1886-1979 -- Photographs  Search this
Lagerberg, Don -- Photographs  Search this
Levi, Linda -- Photographs  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973 -- Photographs  Search this
Mains, Brian -- Photographs  Search this
Mason, LaNelle -- Photographs  Search this
McLaughlin, John, 1898- -- Photographs  Search this
Mesches, Arnold, 1923- -- Photographs  Search this
Miller, Judith, 1939- -- Photographs  Search this
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998 -- Photographs  Search this
Murrill, Gwynn, 1942- -- Photographs  Search this
Plagens, Peter -- Photographs  Search this
Richards, Bruce, 1948- -- Photographs  Search this
Saar, Betye -- Photographs  Search this
Schifrin, Arnold, 1926-1994 -- Photographs  Search this
Schwarts, Jilda -- Photographs  Search this
Steinberg, Harry -- Photographs  Search this
Strombotne, James -- Photographs  Search this
Stussy, Jan, 1921-1990 -- Photographs  Search this
Stussy, Maxine Kim, 1923- -- Photographs  Search this
Thompson, J. B. -- Photographs  Search this
Treiman, Joyce -- Photographs  Search this
Tunberg, William -- Photographs  Search this
Valerio, James -- Photographs  Search this
Vasa -- Photographs  Search this
Vilumsons, Alex -- Photographs  Search this
Wagner, Gordon, 1915- -- Photographs  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson, 1914- -- Photographs  Search this
Wullner-Faiss, Janet -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
121 Photographic prints (b&w ; color, 8 x 10 in. 11 x 14 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1969-2007
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Southern California artists, taken by Arnold Chanin.
Artists include Chuck Arnold, Florence Arnold, Robert Bassler, Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Karl Benjamin, Anthony Berlant, Natalie Bieser, Irving Block, Nicholas Brigante, Hans Burkhardt, Aldo Casanova, George Chann, William Crutchfield, George Csengeri, Dan Cytron, Yvonne De Miranda, Edie Danieli, Fidel Danieli, Richard Diebenkorn, Lucienne Bloch Dimitrov and Steve Dimitrov, David Elder, Linda Elder, Fred Eversley, Fritz Faiss, Claire Falkenstein, Keith Finch, Max Finkelstein, Tom Fricano, Hal Gebhardt, Peter Gebhardt, George Gibson, Robert Gino, Claire Hanzakos, Mike Hanzakos, Donald Hartman, Sandra Jackman, Ynez Johnston, Kaija Keel, Peter Krasnow, Edmond Kohn, Gabriel Kohn, Don Lagerberg, Linda Levi, Stanton Macdonald-Wright, Brian Mains, La Nelle Mason, John McLaughlin, Vasa Velizar Mihich, Arnold Mesches, Judith Miller, Lee Mullican, Gwynn Murrill, Peter Plagens, Bruce Richards, Betye Saar, Arnold Schifrin, Jilda Schwartz, Harry Steinberg, James Strombotne, Jan Stussy, Maxine Kim Stussy, J. B. Thompson, Joyce Trieman, William Tunberg, James Valerio, Alex Vilumsons, Gordon Wagner, Emerson Woelffer, and Janet Wullner-Faiss. Also included is one photograph of Kaija Keel, Claire Hanzakos and Jilda Schwartz and an exhibition brochure, undated, from the Arts Options Foundation "War & Peace & Clay", regarding sculpture by Keel, Hanzakos and Schwartz.
Photographs of Diebenkorn and Hans Burkhardt, one 11 x 14 in. collage print of Diebenkorn. Three of the photographs and the collage are duplicates of filmed photographs on reel 1818. Also included is one photograph of Chanin by Steve Cohen.
Biographical / Historical:
Arnold Chanin (1934-) is a photographer from Encino, Calif.
Provenance:
Donated 1975-2007 by Arnold Chanin. Additions are expected.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Photographers -- California  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- Photographs  Search this
Photography  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.chanarno
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-chanarno

Margery Byers papers

Creator:
Byers, Margery  Search this
Names:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Irwin, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Kienholz, Edward, 1927-  Search this
Kuntz, Roger, 1926-1975  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
McLaughlin, John, 1898-1976  Search this
Extent:
3 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1962
Scope and Contents:
Two letters, from John McLaughlin and Stanton Macdonald-Wright regarding their features in LIFE magazine; and an edited typescript about Billy Al Bengston, Robert Irwin, Edward Kienholz, Roger Kuntz, Stanton Macdonald-Wright, and John D. McLaughlin by Byers and published in LIFE.
Biographical / Historical:
Writer (New York City).
Provenance:
Donated 1982 by Margery Byers.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women authors  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.byermarg
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-byermarg

Bell, Larry--Bengston, Billy Al

Collection Creator:
Solomon, Alan R., 1920-1970  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 30
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963-1964
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Alan R. Solomon papers, 1907-1970, bulk 1944-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Alan R. Solomon papers
Alan R. Solomon papers / Series 11: Photographs / Of Artwork
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-soloalan-ref492

Merle Schipper Papers

Creator:
Schipper, Merle, 1922-2001  Search this
Names:
ArtScene (periodical)  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Hélion, Jean, 1904-1987  Search this
Mullican, Matt, 1951-  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Orr, Eric, 1939-1998  Search this
Smith, Kiki, 1954-  Search this
Spratling, William, 1900-1967  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Extent:
12.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Prints
Transcripts
Drawings
Place:
France -- Paris -- Photographs
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- Social life and customs
Date:
circa 1930s-1999
Summary:
The papers of Los Angeles art historian, art critic, and writer Merle Schipper measure 12.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 1999. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writing and research project files, printed material, writings by others, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Los Angeles art historian, art critic, and writer Merle Schipper measure 12.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 1999. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writing and research project files, printed material, writings by others, photographs, and artwork.

Biographical material consists of a notebook planner and professional contact addresses, as well as Schipper's resume and bibliography. Scattered correspondence is both personal and professional with family and colleagues.

Over one-half of the collection consists of Schipper's writing, research, project, and exhibition files. There are drafts, essays, manuscripts, notes, and research documentation about California art and artists, an exhibition of craftsman William Spratling curated by Schipper, Schipper's dissertation and additional projects on Jean Helion, the exhibition Americans in Paris in the 1950s (1997), additional exhibitions, as well as transcripts of interviews with artists. The research files on Helion include an interview transcript with Willem de Kooning about Helion and correspondence with artists about Helion, including Charles Biederman, Alexander Calder, Philip Guston, Carl Holty, Jack Tworkov, and others. Additional exhibition files are found for Visions of Inner Space (1988) and Marmo: The New Italian Stone Age (1989). Artists interviewed by Schipper include Billy Al Bengston, Willem de Kooning, Richard Diebenkorn, Laddie John Dill, Kenneth Noland, Eric Orr, and others.

Extensive printed materials include clippings and copies of journals and periodicals containing Schipper's writings.

There are a few scattered writings by others about art and artists. Photographs are of Schipper, artists, artwork, and places, including Paris. Artwork includes one original poster print by Kiki Smith and one drawing by Matt Mullican.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 7 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1970s-1998 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: General Correspondence, 1944-circa 1998 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writing and Research Project Files, circa 1930s-1999 (7.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-9)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1933-1997 (3.1 linear feet; Boxes 9-12, OV14-16)

Series 5: Writings By Others, circa 1944-1991 (0.2 linear feet; Box 12)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1960s-circa 1992 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 12-13)

Series 7: Artwork, 1982-1992 (0.1 linear feet; Box 13, OV16)
Biographical / Historical:
Merle Schipper (1922-2001) was an art historian, writer, and art critic active in Los Angeles, California.

Born in Toronto, Canada, Merle Solway Schipper was naturalized in Los Angeles in 1950 and received a PhD in art history from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1974. Schipper was a familiar figure on the Los Angeles art scene. Her primary scholarly focus grew out of her dissertation research on Jean Helion, but much of her writing attention was devoted to Los Angeles artists and art world events. She was a regular contributor to many art periodicals, including ArtScene, Images and Issues, Artweek, ARTnews, and the Los Angeles Daily News.

As an independent curator, Schipper's research interests led to several exhibitions, including Americans in Paris: the 50s (1979) at California State University, Northridge, Visions of Inner Space (1988) co-curated with Lee Mullican at UCLA's Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery, Marmo: the New Italian Stone Age (1989), Being There/Being Here: Nine Perspectives in New Italian Art (1991), traveling exhibition sponsored by the Italian Cultural Institute, and an exhibition of William Spratling for the Craft and Folk Art Museum in 1997. Schipper also taught and lectured at UCLA, USC, CSU Northridge, and Claremont Graduate School.

Merle Schipper died in 2001.
Provenance:
The Merle Schipper papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2002 by the Merle Schipper Estate via Schipper's daughter Amy Schipper Howe.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art critics -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art historians -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Authors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Prints
Transcripts
Drawings
Citation:
Merle Schipper papers, circa 1930s-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.schimerl
See more items in:
Merle Schipper Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schimerl

Nicholas Wilder Gallery records

Creator:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery  Search this
Names:
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Avedisian, Edward, 1936-2007  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Davis, Ron, 1937-  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Goode, Joe, 1937-  Search this
Graham, Robert, 1938-  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Holland, Tom, 1936-  Search this
Martin, Agnes, 1912-2004  Search this
McCracken, John, 1934-2011  Search this
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941-  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-  Search this
Price, Kenneth, 1935-2012  Search this
Twombly, Cy, 1928-  Search this
Wilder, Nicholas  Search this
Yokomi, Richard  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1944-1984
bulk 1968-1979
Summary:
The records of the Nicholas Wilder Gallery of Los Angeles measure 2.4 linear feet and date from 1944 through 1984, with the bulk of materials dating from 1968-1979. Scattered documentation of the contemporary art gallery's fourteen years of operation include artists' inventory cards, photographic transparencies, letters and correspondence, invitations, notes, business and financial documents, and printed materials.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Nicholas Wilder Gallery of Los Angeles measure 2.4 linear feet and date from 1944 through 1984, with the bulk of materials dating from 1968 to 1979. Scattered documentation of the contemporary art gallery's fourteen years of operation include artists' inventory cards (the bulk of the collection), photographic transparencies, letters and correspondence, invitations, notes, business and financial documents, and printed materials.

The majority of records date from the period after the gallery moved to La Cienega Boulevard to Santa Monica Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. Very few records pertaining to specific exhibitions or openings are included in this collection. However, there is one exhibition catalog and scattered gallery invitations which were used as scrap paper. Other materials include business records that contain financial materials and notes. Printed Materials contain popular newspapers and magazines that reflect Wilder's interests, invitations to other galleries, auction catalogs, and business cards. Correspondence includes scattered gallery correspondence, Wilder's personal correspondence and documents, and holiday cards.

The bulk of the collection consists of artist files which include inventory cards and transparencies of works of art. Information on the inventory cards and transparencies may specify: date of creation, date of accession, potential collectors, purchase records, and titles. Notable artists include: Joe Goode, Tom Holland, Robert Graham, Billy Al Bengston, Cy Twombly, Ken Price, Ed Moses, Ron Davis, John McCracken, Kenneth Noland, Helen Frankenthaler, Jules Olitski, Agnes Martin, Edward Avedisian, John Altoon, Richard Yokomi, Sam Francis, Bruce Nauman, Hans Hofmann, and David Hockney. The majority of inventory cards reflect business at the gallery in the mid-late 1970s.

Financial records originating from the James Corcoran Gallery are included in this collection. The relationship between the two establishments is unclear although it seems that the James Corcoran Gallery moved into the space previously occupied by the Nicholas Wilder Gallery.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Records, 1968-1978, 1980-1984, circa 1970s (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1974-1981, circa 1970s (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1976-1980, circa 1970s (Box 1; 9 folders)

Series 4: Artist Files, 1944-1984, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 1-3; 2 linear feet)
Historical Note:
In April 1965, Nicholas Wilder (1937-1989) founded his contemporary art gallery at 814 North La Cienega Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. His interest in art started at Amherst College where he worked for the art department as a slide technician. While in graduate school at Stanford University, he worked at the Lanyon Gallery in Palo Alto, California. An initial offer of financial backing to open a gallery inspired a move to Los Angeles. Although that offer fell through, Wilder remained determined. In late 1964, Wilder sold shares of his future gallery to friends in order to secure funds. He bought the shares back shortly after opening.

The Nicholas Wilder Gallery's first show featured Edward Avedisian. The gallery expanded and featured artists from New York and California, including: Joe Goode, John McCracken, Kenneth Noland, Helen Frankenthaler, Jules Olitski, Cy Twombly, Ed Moses, Ken Price, Agnes Martin, John Altoon, Sam Francis, Billy Al Bengston, and Hans Hofmann. The gallery helped start the careers of American artists such as Robert Graham, Tom Holland, Ron Davis, and Bruce Nauman. In 1970, the gallery moved to 8225 ½ Santa Monica Boulevard. Through its fourteen years of operation, the gallery held a new show every month. Wilder's openings represented a large source of pride and he ensured that every opening reception included a stocked bar for his clients.

Initially, the gallery succeeded through Wilder's talents and passion for art. At its peak, the Nicholas Wilder Gallery sold two million dollars worth of art per year. However, in the mid-1970s a change in attitude within the art world affected sales. According to Wilder, many artists no longer painted for expression but as a viable business venture. Furthermore, he claimed that buyers would not risk collecting works from a younger or less well-known artist. In addition to these factors, Wilder attributed the decline of his gallery to his extravagance and lack of business sensibilities. Eventually, the gallery faced financial problems and Wilder recognized the need to leave the business.

The Nicholas Wilder Gallery closed on December 31, 1979. Wilder informed his employees that he would close a year in advance and ensured that all of his artists found a new gallery for representation. He moved to New York after leaving his gallery and became an artist. Nicholas Wilder passed away in 1989 from AIDS-related causes.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Nicholas Wilder conducted by Ruth Bowman on July 18, 1988.

Nicholas Wilder Gallery records, 1927-1980, are also located at the Getty Research Institute.
Provenance:
The Nicholas Wilder Gallery records were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1998 by Matthew Curtis Klebaum, a friend of Wilder's and a former employee of the James Corcoran Gallery.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art dealers -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California
Citation:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records, 1944-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nichwild
See more items in:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nichwild
Online Media:

Bengston, Billy Al

Collection Creator:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 49
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1971-1972, 1974
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records, 1944-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records / Series 4: Artists Files / 4.2: Transparencies
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nichwild-ref125

Bengston, Billy Al

Collection Creator:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 30
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1974
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records, 1944-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records / Series 4: Artists Files / 4.1: Inventory Cards
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nichwild-ref50

Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements

Creator:
Irving Blum Gallery  Search this
Names:
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Bachardy, Don, 1934-  Search this
Bell, Larry, 1939-  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Irwin, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Judd, Donald, 1928-  Search this
Kauffman, Craig, 1932-2010  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1972
Summary:
The Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements consist of 32 announcements for exhibitions at the Los Angeles Ferus Gallery (1957-1966) and its successor the Irving Blum Gallery (1966-circa 1972). Exhibition announcements are for many exhibitions of southern California contemporary and pop artists, as well as New York artists. Artists represented by announcements include John Altoon, Don Bachardy, Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Robert Irwin, Jasper Johns, Donald Judd, Craig Kauffman, Roy Lichtenstein, Edward Moses, Kenneth Noland, Ad Reinhardt, Ed Ruscha, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol, among others.
Scope and Content Note:
The Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements consist of 32 announcements for exhibitions at the Los Angeles Ferus Gallery (1957-1966) and its successor the Irving Blum Gallery (1966-circa 1972). Exhibition announcements are for many exhibitions of southern California contemporary and pop artists, as well as New York artists. Artists represented by announcements include John Altoon, Don Bachardy, Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Robert Irwin, Jasper Johns, Donald Judd, Craig Kauffman, Roy Lichtenstein, Edward Moses, Kenneth Noland, Ad Reinhardt, Ed Ruscha, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol, among others.

Although these announcements are scattered, they provide insight to and documentation of the southern California LA art scene and the Beat era. The exhibition announcements themselves are quite unique.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Ferus Gallery Announcements, 1961-1965 (Box 1; 20 folders)

Series 2: Irving Blum Gallery Announcements, 1969-1972 (Box 1; 12 folders)
Historical Note:
In 1957, Walter Hopps (1932-2005) and Edward Kienholz (1927-1994) opened the contemporary art Ferus Gallery on North La Cienega Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. Kienholz sold his share to Irving Blum (b. 1930) one year later. Hopps left in 1962 to become curator and, later, director of the Pasadena Art Museum. Ferus Gallery closed in 1966 and Irving Blum maintained sole ownership and changed the gallery's name to Irving Blum Gallery.

Ferus Gallery was the first gallery in the Los Angeles area to show contemporary American art, and focused heavily on contemporary Southern California artists, such as John Altoon, Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Wallace Berman, Robert Irwin, Craig Kauffman, Ed Kienholz, Ed Moses, Richard Ruben, among many others. Likewise, Ferus Gallery helped to solidify the reputations of many established New York artists, including Roy Lichtenstein, Jasper Johns, Frank Stella, Richard Diebenkorn, Andy Warhol, and others.

The inaugural exhibition at the Ferus Gallery was "Objects on the New Landscape Demanding of the Eye" (March 15 - April 11, 1957), a group show including the work of Frank Lobdell, Jay DeFeo, Craig Kauffman, Richard Diebenkorn, John Altoon and Clyfford Still. Los Angeles artists who had their first solo shows at the gallery included: Wallace Berman (1957), Billy Al Bengston (1958), Ed Moses (1958), Robert Irwin (1959), John Mason (1959), Kenneth Price (1960), Llyn Foulkes (1962), Larry Bell (1962) and Ed Ruscha (1963).

In 1957 the gallery was temporarily closed after LAPD officers arrested and charged Wallace Berman with obscenity over work in his exhibition. It was his first and last solo show.

In 1962 "Andy Warhol: Campbell's Soup Cans" was Andy Warhol's first solo pop art exhibition and the first exhibition of the Soup Cans. Five of the canvases sold for $100 each, but Blum bought them back to keep the set intact.

Irving Blum designed many of the exhibition announcements for the gallery with a graphic aesthetic.

In 2007, "The Cool School" was released, a documentary film about the Ferus Gallery and its eccentric artists.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Irving Blum conducted by Paul Cummings on May 31-June 23, 1977.
Provenance:
Mrs. Rochella Orchard donated the Ferus Gallery and Irving Blum Gallery announcements on February 22, 1979.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California
Citation:
Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery and announcements, 1961-1972. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.irviblum
See more items in:
Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-irviblum
Online Media:

Billy Al Bengston papers

Creator:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Names:
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
John Berggruen Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Alexander, Peter, 1939-  Search this
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Chamberlain, John, 1927-2011  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Goode, Joe, 1937-  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Plagens, Peter  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Extent:
10.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Date:
circa 1940s-1989
bulk 1960-1988
Summary:
The papers of southern California Pop artist Billy Al Bengston measure 10.4 linear feet and date from circa 1940s to 1989, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1960 to 1988. The collection documents the life and work of the artist through biographical materials, correspondence, personal business records, gallery and museum files, teaching files, project and commission files, scattered artwork, printed materials, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Billy Al Bengston measure 10.4 linear feet and date from circa 1940s to 1989, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1960 to 1988. The collection documents the life and work of the southern California artist through biographical materials, correspondence, personal business records, gallery and museum files, teaching files, project and commission files, scattered artwork, printed materials, and photographs.

Found within the biographical materials series are three feet of calendars which extensively document Bengston's personal and professional activities for fourteen years, and include ephemera related to these activities. This series also includes health records, wills, and passports.

Correspondence is with galleries, museums, universities, businesses, friends, and colleagues, and primarily concerns exhibitions, sales, consignments, commissions, and Bengston's personal finances. Bengston's relationship with the James Corcoran Gallery, Janie C. Lee Gallery, John Berggruen Gallery, Martha Jackson Gallery, and Texas Gallery are well-documented here, as well as in the Museum and Gallery Files series. Also found is a limited amount of personal correspondence with collectors, researchers, and friends. A few letters from other artists, including Peter Plagens and a letter from Richard Diebenkorn are interfiled here.

Bengston's professional relationships with galleries, museums, and universities are well-documented in the gallery and museum files, including the galleries mentioned above, Ferus Gallery, and others. Lists of consignments and prices, invoices, records of sales, loan agreement forms, shipping receipts, exhibition checklists, and exhibition floor plans provide information about sales, exhibitions, and loans. A few files provide further information about Bengston teaching activities. His personal business records include art sales records, price lists, lists of purchases, records of investment, and personal finance records. Project files include correspondence, notes, and printed materials related to Bengston's commissions for artwork and personal projects, including a book he worked on with Ed Ruscha, Business Cards.

Writings by Bengston include responses to exhibitions of West Coast art and his thoughts on his career, art, the artistic community, motorcycles, as well as a recollection of John Altoon. Also found are questionnaires sent out by Bengston for an art survey, with responses from Peter Alexander, Carl Andre, John Chamberlain, Dan Flavin, Joe Goode, Robert Graham, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Motherwell, Ed Ruscha, and others. Writings by others consist primarily of exhibition catalog essays, manuscripts of interviews with Bengston, and other writings about Bengston. Also found is an essay by Walter Hopps. Photographs of Bengston include a family picture from the 1940s, Bengston at work on projects in Los Angeles and Syracuse, New York, and Bengston at social events. Other photographs consist of pictures of friends and artists, Bengston's artwork, documentary evidence of damaged artwork, and of commission sites.

Printed materials from the 1960s - 1980s include clippings, full articles, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and posters. They document exhibitions, art in southern California, and society and art events. The collection houses limited amounts of artwork including sketches, cut-outs, doodles and drawings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 10 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1958-1987 (Boxes 1-4, 11; 3.7 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1966-1989 (Boxes 4-6; 1.75 linear feet)

Series 3: Gallery and Museum Files, 1961-1989 (Boxes 6-7; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Teaching Records, 1968-1982 (Box 7; 7 folders)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, circa 1960-1987 (Boxes 7-8; 1.0 linear foot)

Series 6: Project Files, 1968-1987 (Boxes 8-9; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 7: Writings, 1967-circa 1988 (Box 9, OV 12; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 8: Artwork, 1960s-1987 (Box 9; 7 folders)

Series 9: Printed Materials, 1958-1988 (Boxes 9-10, OV 12-13; 1.25 linear feet)

Series 10: Photographs, circa 1940s-1987 (Box 10; 0.5 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Billy Al Bengston was born in Dodge City, Kansas on June 7, 1934. After moving back and forth from Kansas to California multiple times, he and his family settled in Los Angeles in 1948. While attending the Manual Arts High School, Bengston became interested in art, especially ceramics. After a brief stint at Los Angeles Junior College, Bengston worked as a beach attendant at Doheny State Beach. While working there he met fellow surfer and future ceramicist Kenneth Price, who became one of Bengston's closest friends. In 1953, he reenrolled in Los Angeles Junior College to study ceramics. For the next four years he attended both the California College of Arts and Crafts and the Los Angeles County Art Institute (now the Otis Art Institute of Parsons School of Design). At these institutions he studied with Richard Diebenkorn, Sabro Hasegawa, Nathan Oliveira, and Peter Voulkos.

Around 1957, Bengston shifted his emphasis from ceramics to painting, and became affiliated with the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, founded that same year by Edward Kienholz and Walter Hopps. Bengston's first solo exhibition was held at the Ferus Gallery in 1958, and a second followed in 1960. At this time Bengston began to work with Pop icons combined with Color Field abstractions. His early bold paintings often featured symmetrical strong color compositions with a central image of a valentine, star, cross, chevron, or iris. The irises he called "draculas," after Kenneth Price remarked that they resembled Dracula flying through a window. He first showed his chevron paintings in 1962 at the Martha Jackson Gallery in New York. In the early 1960s, Bengston extended his imagery to the California subculture and created paintings of leisure time activities, focusing on motorcycles, racing, and scuba diving - his own interests as well.

Throughout his career, Bengston experimented with technique and materials. He experimented with automobile lacquer and spray painting techniques associated with car customization. He also used non-traditional surfaces, such as masonite and aluminum. In 1965, Bengston began creating paintings on sheets of aluminum into which he hammered dents and sometimes bent and buckled; these subsequently came to be known as "dentos." Along with painting, Bengston has also created watercolors, ceramics, and furniture. He was also one of the artists selected by Carol and Roy Doumani to design their home.

Bengston first visited Hawaii in 1974, and after several subsequent trips, established a second studio there in 1979. The work Bengston created in the following years was characterized by the use of tropical colors and representational images of running figures, airplanes, and the moon. In 1988, the Contemporary Arts Museum in Houston organized a retrospective entitled "Billy Al Bengston: Paintings of Three Decades," which traveled to the Oakland Museum, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Contemporary Museum of Art, Honolulu. Bengston also completed several years as an art instructor and lecturer at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles and The University of California at Los Angeles. Bengston continues to create and exhibit new work.
Related Material:
Found in the Archives of American Art are oral history interviews with Bengston conducted by Susan Larsen, September 9, 1980, and Susan Ford Morgan, August 2-October 7, 2002. Also found are portraits of Bengston in the Photographs of artists taken by Mimi Jacobs collection, and a rare copy of the book Business Cards by Bengston and Ed Ruscha in the Wallace Berman papers.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Billy Al Bengston in 1990.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Citation:
Billy Al Bengston papers, circa 1940s-1989 (bulk 1960-1988). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bengbill
See more items in:
Billy Al Bengston papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bengbill

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