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Oral history interview with Henry Tyler Hopkins, 1980 Oct. 24-Dec. 17

Interviewee:
Hopkins, Henry T. (Henry Tyler), 1928-2009  Search this
Interviewer:
Chamberlin, Wesley  Search this
Subject:
Kline, Franz  Search this
Miyashiro, Ron  Search this
Blum, Shirley Neilsen  Search this
Bereal, Edmund  Search this
Irwin, Robert  Search this
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Bell, Larry  Search this
Goode, Joe  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Price, Kenneth Martin  Search this
Copley, William Nelson  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art  Search this
Fort Worth Art Museum  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12844
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213228
AAA_collcode_hopkin80
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213228
Online Media:

Photographs of Southern California artists / Arnold Chanin, photographer, 1969-2007

Creator:
Chanin, Arnold, 1934-  Search this
Subject:
Stussy, Jan  Search this
Schwarts, Jilda  Search this
Mesches, Arnold  Search this
De Miranda, Yvonne  Search this
Fricano, Tom S.  Search this
Miller, Judith  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton  Search this
Bieser, Natalie  Search this
Chann, George  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Mains, Brian  Search this
Danieli, Fidel  Search this
Eversley, Frederick  Search this
Krasnow, Peter  Search this
Danieli, Edie  Search this
Gino, Robert  Search this
Schifrin, Arnold  Search this
Arnold, Chuck  Search this
Johnston, Ynez  Search this
Crutchfield, William  Search this
Kohn, Edmond  Search this
Lagerberg, Don  Search this
Dimitrov, Steve  Search this
Levi, Linda  Search this
Plagens, Peter  Search this
Murrill, Gwynn  Search this
Bell, Larry  Search this
Mullican, Lee  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Berlant, Anthony  Search this
Tunberg, William  Search this
McLaughlin, John  Search this
Dimitrov, Lucienne Bloch  Search this
Jackman, Sandra  Search this
Mason, LaNelle  Search this
Gebhardt, Harold  Search this
Valerio, James  Search this
Block, Irving  Search this
Gibson, George  Search this
Treiman, Joyce Wahl  Search this
Faiss, Fritz  Search this
Cytron, Dan  Search this
Arnold, Florence Millner  Search this
Hartman, Donald  Search this
Hanzakos, Claire  Search this
Wullner, Janet  Search this
Csengeri, George  Search this
Kohn, Gabriel  Search this
Wagner, Gordon  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire  Search this
Finch, Keith  Search this
Thompson, J. B.  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson  Search this
Vilumsons, Alex  Search this
Burkhardt, Hans Gustav  Search this
Strombotne, James  Search this
Casanova, Aldo John  Search this
Finkelstein, Max  Search this
Steinberg, Harry  Search this
Richards, Bruce  Search this
Hanzakos, Mike  Search this
Stussy, Maxine Kim  Search this
Brigante, N.P.  Search this
Bassler, Robert Covey  Search this
Vasa  Search this
Benjamin, Karl  Search this
Saar, Betye  Search this
Gebhardt, Peter Martin  Search this
Topic:
Photography  Search this
Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11161
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209533
AAA_collcode_chanarno
Theme:
Audio - Visual
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209533

Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979, bulk 1955-1979

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Subject:
Di Prima, Diane  Search this
Sherman, Donald  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Wieners, John  Search this
Lamantia, Philip  Search this
Jordan, Patricia M.  Search this
Hirschman, Jack  Search this
Jess  Search this
Herms, George  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Meltzer, David  Search this
McClure, Michael  Search this
Symmes, Robert  Search this
Perkoff, Stuart Z.  Search this
Fonda, Peter  Search this
Hopper, Dennis  Search this
DeFeo, Jay  Search this
Heinecken, Robert  Search this
Ginsberg, Allen  Search this
Patchen, Kenneth  Search this
Miller, Henry  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Sound recordings
Topic:
Semina  Search this
Beat generation  Search this
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Art  Search this
Collage  Search this
Assemblage (Art)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10771
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214392
AAA_collcode_bermwall
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214392
Online Media:

Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements, 1961-1973

Creator:
Irving Blum Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Subject:
Bachardy, Don  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Moses, Ed  Search this
Judd, Donald C. (Donald Clarence)  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Irwin, Robert  Search this
Altoon, John  Search this
Bell, Larry  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Kauffman, Craig  Search this
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8796
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210980
AAA_collcode_irviblum
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210980
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Billy Al Bengston, 1980 September 9

Interviewee:
Bengston, Billy Al, 1934-  Search this
Interviewer:
Larsen, Susan C., 1946-  Search this
Subject:
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Price, Kenneth Martin  Search this
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12049
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212254
AAA_collcode_bengst80
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212254

Nicholas Wilder Gallery records, 1944-1984, (bulk 1968-1979)

Creator:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Wilder, Nicholas  Search this
Davis, Ronald  Search this
Goode, Joe  Search this
Altoon, John  Search this
Nauman, Bruce  Search this
Graham, Robert  Search this
Price, Kenneth Martin  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Olitski, Jules  Search this
Holland, Tom  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Twombly, Cy  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
McCracken, John  Search this
Yokomi, Richard  Search this
Moses, Ed  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Avedisian, Edward  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Martin, Agnes Bernice  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6190
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216434
AAA_collcode_nichwild
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216434
Online Media:

Merle Schipper papers, circa 1930s-1999

Creator:
Schipper, Merle, 1922-2001  Search this
Subject:
Biederman, Charles Joseph  Search this
Smith, Kiki  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Orr, Eric  Search this
Spratling, William  Search this
Mullican, Matt  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Hélion, Jean  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Holty, Carl  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Interviews
Topic:
ArtScene (periodical)  Search this
Los Angeles (Calif.)  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
France  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5984
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)229044
AAA_collcode_schimerl
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_229044
Online Media:

[Photographs of artists taken by Mimi Jacobs, photographer], 1971-1981

Creator:
Jacobs, Mimi, 1911-1999  Search this
Subject:
Zammitt, Norman  Search this
Brice, William  Search this
Brown, Joan  Search this
Wasserstein, Julius  Search this
Saar, Betye  Search this
Gilhooly, David  Search this
Benton, Fletcher Chapman  Search this
Villa, Carlos  Search this
Saunders, Raymond  Search this
Hudson, Robert H.  Search this
Adams, Mark  Search this
Beasley, Bruce  Search this
Richardson, Sam  Search this
Arnoldi, Charles Arthur  Search this
Dill, Guy  Search this
Anderson, Jeremy Radcliffe  Search this
De Forest, Roy  Search this
Bechtle, Robert Alan  Search this
Raffael, Joseph  Search this
Voulkos, Peter  Search this
Dickinson, Eleanor Creekmore  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Chicago, Judy  Search this
Wiley, William T.  Search this
Johnson, Robert E. Robert Emory,  Search this
Paris, Harold Persico  Search this
Lobdell, Frank  Search this
Adams, Ansel  Search this
Ramos, Mel  Search this
Todd, Mike  Search this
Irwin, Robert  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
McLean, Richard Thorpe  Search this
Gooch, Gerald  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu  Search this
Hedrick, Wally  Search this
Allan, William George  Search this
DeLap, Tony  Search this
Hopkins, Henry T. (Henry Tyler)  Search this
Sinton, Nell  Search this
DeFeo, Jay  Search this
Berlant, Anthony  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer  Search this
Oliveira, Nathan  Search this
Martin, Bill  Search this
Beall, Dennis Ray  Search this
Mullican, Lee  Search this
Armer, Ruth  Search this
Wonner, Paul John  Search this
Nauman, Bruce  Search this
Ihle, John Livingston  Search this
Siegriest, Louis B.  Search this
Neri, Manuel  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Goldyne, Joseph R.  Search this
Conner, Bruce Guldner  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Asawa, Ruth  Search this
Arneson, Robert  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne  Search this
Reichman, Fred  Search this
Graham, Robert  Search this
Holland, Tom  Search this
Light, Alvin  Search this
Howard, Robert Boardman  Search this
Celmins, Vija  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson  Search this
Blunk, J. B.  Search this
Shaw, Richard Blake  Search this
Kauffman, Craig  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire  Search this
Gordon, Russell Talbert  Search this
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9285
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211480
AAA_collcode_jacomimi
Theme:
Audio - Visual
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211480

Oral history interview with Nathan Oliveira, 1978 Aug. 9-1981 Dec. 29

Interviewee:
Oliveira, Nathan, 1928-2010  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Oldfield, Otis  Search this
Boyle, Keith  Search this
Beckmann, Max  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Albright, Ivan  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Artists' models  Search this
Figurative art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11895
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212067
AAA_collcode_olivei78
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212067

Oral history interview with Ed Moses, 1980 July 10-12

Interviewee:
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Interviewer:
Figoten, Sheldon  Search this
Subject:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Altoon, John  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Lebrun, Rico  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13115
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212070
AAA_collcode_moses80
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212070

Rosamund Felsen gallery records, 1978-2014

Creator:
Rosamund Felsen Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Sonnier, Keith  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Cooper, Ron  Search this
Rothenberg, Erika  Search this
Owens, Laura  Search this
Kidon, Heidi  Search this
Cranston, Meg  Search this
Vallance, Jeffrey  Search this
Miller, John  Search this
Rogers, Steve  Search this
Cointet, Guy de  Search this
Wegman, William  Search this
Boskovich, John  Search this
Bush, Stephen  Search this
Dill, Guy  Search this
Nordman, Maria  Search this
Hayward, James  Search this
Smith, Alexis  Search this
Gambrill, Jeff  Search this
Jiménez, Cisco  Search this
Burkhart, Dan  Search this
Dowell, Roy  Search this
Beach, Alicia  Search this
Kelley, Mike  Search this
Kaino, Glenn (Glenn Akira),  Search this
Pettibon, Raymond  Search this
McCarthy, Paul  Search this
Pittman, Lari  Search this
Lodato, Peter  Search this
Andrews, Oliver  Search this
Weber, Marnie  Search this
Ackerman, Robert E.  Search this
Oshiro, Kaz  Search this
James, Mac  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Kabakov, IlºiÙaý Iosifovich  Search this
Knechtel, Tom  Search this
Burden, Chris  Search this
Ruppersberg, Allen  Search this
Syrop, Mitchell  Search this
Craft, Ann Thorny  Search this
Sklar, Keith  Search this
Jackson, Richard  Search this
Newkirk, Kori  Search this
Brown, Greg  Search this
Rice, Leland  Search this
Acerol, Ali  Search this
Shaw, Jim  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16203
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)368159
AAA_collcode_rosafelg
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_368159

3EP Ltd. records, 1970-1984, bulk 1979-1984

Creator:
3EP Ltd.  Search this
Subject:
Moses, Ed  Search this
Lobdell, Frank  Search this
Arnoldi, Charles Arthur  Search this
Martin, Fred  Search this
Kirkeby, Paula  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Zirker, Joseph  Search this
Phillips, Jay  Search this
Anderson, Harry W.  Search this
Phillips, Matt  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Goldyne, Joseph R.  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire  Search this
Jefferson, Jack  Search this
Gilhooly, David  Search this
Fay, Joe  Search this
Sugarman, George  Search this
Cook, Gordon  Search this
Olivera, Nathan  Search this
Topic:
Intaglio printing  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Art publishing  Search this
Prints  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5717
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208555
AAA_collcode_3epltd
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208555
Online Media:

Billy Al Bengston papers, circa 1940s-1989, (bulk 1968-1988)

Creator:
Bengston, Billy Al, 1934-  Search this
Subject:
Chamberlain, John Angus  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Andre, Carl  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Alexander, Peter  Search this
Goode, Joe  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Altoon, John  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Plagens, Peter  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
John Berggruen Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10220
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213296
AAA_collcode_bengbill
Theme:
The Art Market
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213296
Online Media:

Margery Byers papers, 1962

Creator:
Byers, Margery  Search this
Subject:
Kuntz, Roger  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Kienholz, Edward  Search this
Irwin, Robert  Search this
McLaughlin, John  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5812
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208652
AAA_collcode_byermarg
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Art Theory and Historiography
Art Theory and Historiography
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208652

[Billy Al Bengston : miscellaneous uncataloged material]

Author:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries Art and Artist Files Collection DSI  Search this
Subject:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Type:
Books
Vertical files
Artist files
Call number:
AAF--Bengston, Billy Al
Restrictions & Rights:
FOLDER(S) DO NOT CIRCUATE. FOLDERS MUST BE CONSULTED ON SITE
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_561973

Billy Al Bengston

Artist:
Ron Cooper, 24 Jul 1943  Search this
Sitter:
Billy Al Bengston  Search this
Medium:
Bronze on steel base
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
mid-late 20th Century
Topic:
Billy Al Bengston: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Ron Cooper Studio
Object number:
NM030022
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d791de38-2488-42a7-b25e-b090bc70bee8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NM030022

Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements

Creator:
Irving Blum Gallery  Search this
Names:
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Bachardy, Don, 1934-  Search this
Bell, Larry, 1939-  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Irwin, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Judd, Donald, 1928-  Search this
Kauffman, Craig, 1932-  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1972
Summary:
The Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements consist of 32 announcements for exhibitions at the Los Angeles Ferus Gallery (1957-1966) and its successor the Irving Blum Gallery (1966-circa 1972). Exhibition announcements are for many exhibitions of southern California contemporary and pop artists, as well as New York artists. Artists represented by announcements include John Altoon, Don Bachardy, Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Robert Irwin, Jasper Johns, Donald Judd, Craig Kauffman, Roy Lichtenstein, Edward Moses, Kenneth Noland, Ad Reinhardt, Ed Ruscha, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol, among others.
Scope and Content Note:
The Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements consist of 32 announcements for exhibitions at the Los Angeles Ferus Gallery (1957-1966) and its successor the Irving Blum Gallery (1966-circa 1972). Exhibition announcements are for many exhibitions of southern California contemporary and pop artists, as well as New York artists. Artists represented by announcements include John Altoon, Don Bachardy, Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Robert Irwin, Jasper Johns, Donald Judd, Craig Kauffman, Roy Lichtenstein, Edward Moses, Kenneth Noland, Ad Reinhardt, Ed Ruscha, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol, among others.

Although these announcements are scattered, they provide insight to and documentation of the southern California LA art scene and the Beat era. The exhibition announcements themselves are quite unique.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Series 1: Ferus Gallery Announcements, 1961-1965 (Box 1; 20 folders)

Series 2: Irving Blum Gallery Announcements, 1969-1972 (Box 1; 12 folders)
Historical Note:
In 1957, Walter Hopps (1932-2005) and Edward Kienholz (1927-1994) opened the contemporary art Ferus Gallery on North La Cienega Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. Kienholz sold his share to Irving Blum (b. 1930) one year later. Hopps left in 1962 to become curator and, later, director of the Pasadena Art Museum. Ferus Gallery closed in 1966 and Irving Blum maintained sole ownership and changed the gallery's name to Irving Blum Gallery.

Ferus Gallery was the first gallery in the Los Angeles area to show contemporary American art, and focused heavily on contemporary Southern California artists, such as John Altoon, Larry Bell, Billy Al Bengston, Wallace Berman, Robert Irwin, Craig Kauffman, Ed Kienholz, Ed Moses, Richard Ruben, among many others. Likewise, Ferus Gallery helped to solidify the reputations of many established New York artists, including Roy Lichtenstein, Jasper Johns, Frank Stella, Richard Diebenkorn, Andy Warhol, and others.

The inaugural exhibition at the Ferus Gallery was "Objects on the New Landscape Demanding of the Eye" (March 15 - April 11, 1957), a group show including the work of Frank Lobdell, Jay DeFeo, Craig Kauffman, Richard Diebenkorn, John Altoon and Clyfford Still. Los Angeles artists who had their first solo shows at the gallery included: Wallace Berman (1957), Billy Al Bengston (1958), Ed Moses (1958), Robert Irwin (1959), John Mason (1959), Kenneth Price (1960), Llyn Foulkes (1962), Larry Bell (1962) and Ed Ruscha (1963).

In 1957 the gallery was temporarily closed after LAPD officers arrested and charged Wallace Berman with obscenity over work in his exhibition. It was his first and last solo show.

In 1962 "Andy Warhol: Campbell's Soup Cans" was Andy Warhol's first solo pop art exhibition and the first exhibition of the Soup Cans. Five of the canvases sold for $100 each, but Blum bought them back to keep the set intact.

Irving Blum designed many of the exhibition announcements for the gallery with a graphic aesthetic.

In 2007, "The Cool School" was released, a documentary film about the Ferus Gallery and its eccentric artists.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Irving Blum conducted by Paul Cummings on May 31-June 23, 1977.
Provenance:
Mrs. Rochella Orchard donated the Ferus Gallery and Irving Blum Gallery announcements on February 22, 1979.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Citation:
Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery and announcements, 1961-1972. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.irviblum
See more items in:
Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-irviblum
Online Media:

Merle Schipper Papers

Creator:
Schipper, Merle, 1922-2001  Search this
Names:
ArtScene (periodical)  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Hélion, Jean, 1904-1987  Search this
Mullican, Matt, 1951-  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Orr, Eric, 1939-1998  Search this
Smith, Kiki, 1954-  Search this
Spratling, William, 1900-1967  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Extent:
12.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Prints
Transcripts
Drawings
Place:
France -- Paris -- Photographs
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- Social life and customs
Date:
circa 1930s-1999
Summary:
The papers of Los Angeles art historian, art critic, and writer Merle Schipper measure 12.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 1999. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writing and research project files, printed material, writings by others, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Los Angeles art historian, art critic, and writer Merle Schipper measure 12.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 1999. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writing and research project files, printed material, writings by others, photographs, and artwork.

Biographical material consists of a notebook planner and professional contact addresses, as well as Schipper's resume and bibliography. Scattered correspondence is both personal and professional with family and colleagues.

Over one-half of the collection consists of Schipper's writing, research, project, and exhibition files. There are drafts, essays, manuscripts, notes, and research documentation about California art and artists, an exhibition of craftsman William Spratling curated by Schipper, Schipper's dissertation and additional projects on Jean Helion, the exhibition Americans in Paris in the 1950s (1997), additional exhibitions, as well as transcripts of interviews with artists. The research files on Helion include an interview transcript with Willem de Kooning about Helion and correspondence with artists about Helion, including Charles Biederman, Alexander Calder, Philip Guston, Carl Holty, Jack Tworkov, and others. Additional exhibition files are found for Visions of Inner Space (1988) and Marmo: The New Italian Stone Age (1989). Artists interviewed by Schipper include Billy Al Bengston, Willem de Kooning, Richard Diebenkorn, Laddie John Dill, Kenneth Noland, Eric Orr, and others.

Extensive printed materials include clippings and copies of journals and periodicals containing Schipper's writings.

There are a few scattered writings by others about art and artists. Photographs are of Schipper, artists, artwork, and places, including Paris. Artwork includes one original poster print by Kiki Smith and one drawing by Matt Mullican.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1970s-1998 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: General Correspondence, 1944-circa 1998 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writing and Research Project Files, circa 1930s-1999 (7.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-9)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1933-1997 (3.1 linear feet; Boxes 9-12, OV14-16)

Series 5: Writings By Others, circa 1944-1991 (0.2 linear feet; Box 12)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1960s-circa 1992 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 12-13)

Series 7: Artwork, 1982-1992 (0.1 linear feet; Box 13, OV16)
Biographical / Historical:
Merle Schipper (1922-2001) was an art historian, writer, and art critic active in Los Angeles, California.

Born in Toronto, Canada, Merle Solway Schipper was naturalized in Los Angeles in 1950 and received a PhD in art history from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1974. Schipper was a familiar figure on the Los Angeles art scene. Her primary scholarly focus grew out of her dissertation research on Jean Helion, but much of her writing attention was devoted to Los Angeles artists and art world events. She was a regular contributor to many art periodicals, including ArtScene, Images and Issues, Artweek, ARTnews, and the Los Angeles Daily News.

As an independent curator, Schipper's research interests led to several exhibitions, including Americans in Paris: the 50s (1979) at California State University, Northridge, Visions of Inner Space (1988) co-curated with Lee Mullican at UCLA's Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery, Marmo: the New Italian Stone Age (1989), Being There/Being Here: Nine Perspectives in New Italian Art (1991), traveling exhibition sponsored by the Italian Cultural Institute, and an exhibition of William Spratling for the Craft and Folk Art Museum in 1997. Schipper also taught and lectured at UCLA, USC, CSU Northridge, and Claremont Graduate School.

Merle Schipper died in 2001.
Provenance:
The Merle Schipper papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2002 by the Merle Schipper Estate via Schipper's daughter Amy Schipper Howe.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Merle Schipper papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Authors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art critics -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art historians -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Prints
Transcripts
Drawings
Citation:
Merle Schipper papers, circa 1930s-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.schimerl
See more items in:
Merle Schipper Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schimerl

Nicholas Wilder Gallery records

Creator:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery  Search this
Names:
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Avedisian, Edward, 1936-2007  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Davis, Ron, 1937-  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Goode, Joe, 1937-  Search this
Graham, Robert, 1938-  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Holland, Tom, 1936-  Search this
Martin, Agnes, 1912-2004  Search this
McCracken, John, 1934-2011  Search this
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941-  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-  Search this
Price, Kenneth, 1935-2012  Search this
Twombly, Cy, 1928-  Search this
Wilder, Nicholas  Search this
Yokomi, Richard  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1944-1984
bulk 1968-1979
Summary:
The records of the Nicholas Wilder Gallery of Los Angeles measure 2.4 linear feet and date from 1944 through 1984, with the bulk of materials dating from 1968-1979. Scattered documentation of the contemporary art gallery's fourteen years of operation include artists' inventory cards, photographic transparencies, letters and correspondence, invitations, notes, business and financial documents, and printed materials.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Nicholas Wilder Gallery of Los Angeles measure 2.4 linear feet and date from 1944 through 1984, with the bulk of materials dating from 1968 to 1979. Scattered documentation of the contemporary art gallery's fourteen years of operation include artists' inventory cards (the bulk of the collection), photographic transparencies, letters and correspondence, invitations, notes, business and financial documents, and printed materials.

The majority of records date from the period after the gallery moved to La Cienega Boulevard to Santa Monica Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. Very few records pertaining to specific exhibitions or openings are included in this collection. However, there is one exhibition catalog and scattered gallery invitations which were used as scrap paper. Other materials include business records that contain financial materials and notes. Printed Materials contain popular newspapers and magazines that reflect Wilder's interests, invitations to other galleries, auction catalogs, and business cards. Correspondence includes scattered gallery correspondence, Wilder's personal correspondence and documents, and holiday cards.

The bulk of the collection consists of artist files which include inventory cards and transparencies of works of art. Information on the inventory cards and transparencies may specify: date of creation, date of accession, potential collectors, purchase records, and titles. Notable artists include: Joe Goode, Tom Holland, Robert Graham, Billy Al Bengston, Cy Twombly, Ken Price, Ed Moses, Ron Davis, John McCracken, Kenneth Noland, Helen Frankenthaler, Jules Olitski, Agnes Martin, Edward Avedisian, John Altoon, Richard Yokomi, Sam Francis, Bruce Nauman, Hans Hofmann, and David Hockney. The majority of inventory cards reflect business at the gallery in the mid-late 1970s.

Financial records originating from the James Corcoran Gallery are included in this collection. The relationship between the two establishments is unclear although it seems that the James Corcoran Gallery moved into the space previously occupied by the Nicholas Wilder Gallery.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series:

Series 1: Business Records, 1968-1978, 1980-1984, circa 1970s (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1974-1981, circa 1970s (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1976-1980, circa 1970s (Box 1; 9 folders)

Series 4: Artist Files, 1944-1984, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 1-3; 2 linear feet)
Historical Note:
In April 1965, Nicholas Wilder (1937-1989) founded his contemporary art gallery at 814 North La Cienega Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. His interest in art started at Amherst College where he worked for the art department as a slide technician. While in graduate school at Stanford University, he worked at the Lanyon Gallery in Palo Alto, California. An initial offer of financial backing to open a gallery inspired a move to Los Angeles. Although that offer fell through, Wilder remained determined. In late 1964, Wilder sold shares of his future gallery to friends in order to secure funds. He bought the shares back shortly after opening.

The Nicholas Wilder Gallery's first show featured Edward Avedisian. The gallery expanded and featured artists from New York and California, including: Joe Goode, John McCracken, Kenneth Noland, Helen Frankenthaler, Jules Olitski, Cy Twombly, Ed Moses, Ken Price, Agnes Martin, John Altoon, Sam Francis, Billy Al Bengston, and Hans Hofmann. The gallery helped start the careers of American artists such as Robert Graham, Tom Holland, Ron Davis, and Bruce Nauman. In 1970, the gallery moved to 8225 ½ Santa Monica Boulevard. Through its fourteen years of operation, the gallery held a new show every month. Wilder's openings represented a large source of pride and he ensured that every opening reception included a stocked bar for his clients.

Initially, the gallery succeeded through Wilder's talents and passion for art. At its peak, the Nicholas Wilder Gallery sold two million dollars worth of art per year. However, in the mid-1970s a change in attitude within the art world affected sales. According to Wilder, many artists no longer painted for expression but as a viable business venture. Furthermore, he claimed that buyers would not risk collecting works from a younger or less well-known artist. In addition to these factors, Wilder attributed the decline of his gallery to his extravagance and lack of business sensibilities. Eventually, the gallery faced financial problems and Wilder recognized the need to leave the business.

The Nicholas Wilder Gallery closed on December 31, 1979. Wilder informed his employees that he would close a year in advance and ensured that all of his artists found a new gallery for representation. He moved to New York after leaving his gallery and became an artist. Nicholas Wilder passed away in 1989 from AIDS-related causes.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Nicholas Wilder conducted by Ruth Bowman on July 18, 1988.

Nicholas Wilder Gallery records, 1927-1980, are also located at the Getty Research Institute.
Provenance:
The Nicholas Wilder Gallery records were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1998 by Matthew Curtis Klebaum, a friend of Wilder's and a former employee of the James Corcoran Gallery.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Nicholas Wilder Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art dealers -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Citation:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records, 1944-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nichwild
See more items in:
Nicholas Wilder Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nichwild
Online Media:

3EP Ltd. records

Creator:
3EP Ltd. (Palo Alto, Calif.)  Search this
Names:
Anderson, Mary Margaret  Search this
Arnoldi, Charles, 1946-  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Cook, Gordon  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997  Search this
Fay, Joe, 1950-  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Gilhooly, David  Search this
Goldyne, Joseph R.  Search this
Jefferson, Jack, 1921-2000  Search this
Kirkeby, Paula  Search this
Lobdell, Frank, 1921-  Search this
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Olivera, Nathan  Search this
Phillips, Jay, 1954-1987  Search this
Phillips, Matt  Search this
Sugarman, George, 1912-1999  Search this
Zirker, Joseph  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photograph albums
Photographs
Date:
1970-1984
bulk 1979-1984
Summary:
The records of California fine arts print publisher 3EP Ltd. founded by Moo (Mary Margaret) Anderson, Joseph Goldyne, and Paula Kirkeby measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1970 to 1984. The records include scattered administrative files; artists' files that include correspondence, lists, price lists, and miscellany; printed materials, photographs, including two dismantled photo albums and negatives; and numerous fine arts prints by various contemporary artists, including Gordon Cook, Claire Falkenstein, Joe Fay, Sam Francis, David Gilhooly, Joseph Goldyne, Jack Jefferson, Frank Lobdell, Fred Martin, Ed Moses, Nathan Oliveira, Jay Phillips, Matt Phillips, and Joseph Zirker.
Scope and Contents:
The records of California fine arts print publisher 3EP Ltd. founded by Moo (Mary Margaret) Anderson, Joseph Goldyne, and Paula Kirkeby measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1970 to 1984. The records include scattered administrative files; artists' files that include correspondence, lists, price lists, and miscellany; printed materials, photographs, including two dismantled photo albums and negatives; and numerous fine arts prints by various contemporary artists, including Gordon Cook, Claire Falkenstein, Joe Fay, Sam Francis, David Gilhooly, Joseph Goldyne, Jack Jefferson, Frank Lobdell, Fred Martin, Ed Moses, Nathan Oliveira, Jay Phillips, Matt Phillips, and Joseph Zirker.

Administrative records consist of chronological correspondence, subscriber lists and forms, price lists, exhibition lists, and other miscellaneous records. Business/administrative correspondence is mostly between the 3EP Ltd. founders and various museums, galleries, and collectors, with a few letters to artists. Artists' files include resumes, correspondence, catalogs, clippings, photographs and slides. Artists include Chuck Arnoldi, Billy Al Bengston, Gordon Cook, Claire Falkenstein, Joe Fay, Sam Francis, Jack Jefferson, Frank Lobdell, Ed Moses, George Sugarman, and Joseph Zirker, among many others.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 5 series.

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1978-1984 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Artists Files, 1970-1984 (1.8 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1981-1984 (0.1 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 4: Artwork, 1979-1984 (1.9 linear feet; OV 4-22)

Series 5: Photographic Material, 1981-1983 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3)
Biographical / Historical:
3EP Ltd. was founded by Moo (Mary Margaret) Anderson, Joseph Goldyne, and Paula Kirkeby in 1978 in Palo Alto, California. The print publisher worked with over 20 artists to produce fine art prints and monotypes and operated until 1984.

Harry W. and Mary Margaret Anderson, respectively known as Hunk and Moo, are avid art collectors with one of the largest private art collections of 20th Century American Art. Moo has a special interest in works of art on paper and prints. Moo and Paula Kirkeby, director of Smith Anderson Gallery in Palo Alto, along with San Francisco artist Joseph Goldyne formed 3EP Ltd. In addition to sales, the mission of 3EP Ltd. was to encourage experimentation with the monoprint. Anderson and Kirkeby commissioned a custom-built Takach-Garfield press for their facilities and invited artists to work with the monotype technique and printmaking, techniques that were initially unfamiliar to many of the artists who worked with 3EP Ltd. Artists invited to work at 3EP include Gordon Cook, Claire Falkenstein, Joe Fay, Sam Francis, David Gilhooly, Frank Lobdell, Ed Moses, Nathan Oliviera, Jay and Matt Phillips, and many others. 3EP Ltd. closed in 1984.
Related Materials:
The de Young Museum has a collection of 3EP Ltd. prints which are part of the Anderson Graphic Arts Collection.
Provenance:
The 3EP Ltd. records were donated in 1984 by Moo (Mary Margaret) Anderson and Paula Kirkeby. Plates received with the donation were returned to the donors.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The 3EP Ltd. records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art publishing -- California -- Palo Alto  Search this
Intaglio printing  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Prints -- 20th century  Search this
Printmakers -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Prints
Photograph albums
Photographs
Citation:
3EP Ltd. records, 1970-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.3epltd
See more items in:
3EP Ltd. records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-3epltd

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