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Revision of the genera Bellonella, Eleutherobia, Nidalia and Nidaliopsis (Octocorallia: Alcyoniidae and Nidaliidae), with descriptions of two new genera

Author:
Verseveldt, J.  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1988
Topic:
Invertebrates  Search this
Animals  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Natural History  Search this
See others in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_15396
Online Media:

Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll

Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Names:
Tracey, Joshua I. (Joshua Irving), 1915-  Search this
Extent:
159 Photographic prints (silver gelatin)
122 Negatives (acetate)
0.58 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives
Aerial photographs
Photographs
Place:
Caroline Islands -- Social life and customs
Ifalik Atoll (Micronesia)
Date:
1953
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 122 photographs of people and marine life made by Bayer while on the SIM survey of Ifalik Atoll in 1953, as well as 68 aerial photographs of the Atoll. The aerial photographs are stamped on verso as official Navy photographs. Bayer's marine life photographs include underwater images of coral, fish, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. Photographs of Ifalik Atoll inhabitants include images of the Atoll's chiefs, as well as a gathering to welcome for visitors from Woleai, and women performing a dance for the Woleai visitors. Several images show the Fan Nap, or public assembly house, and outrigger canoes. SIM team members, including ocean geologist Joshua I. Tracey, and their local assistants, are shown surveying the area and collecting specimens. Included is Bayer's photograph log, which lists the date the photograph was made, its subject, sometimes the time of day, and the camera settings used.
Arrangement note:
The collection is organized into 2 series: 1) The people and marine life on Ifalik Atoll, 2) Aerial photographs of Ifalik Atoll.

Bayer's photographs are numbered according to Bayer's numbering schema, which is [film roll number.item number]. The aerial photographs are numbered according to the Naval photographer's numbering schema.
Biographical/Historical note:
Frederick M. Bayer (1921-2007) was a research zoologist who specialized in the study of Octocorillia (soft corals). He worked at the Smithsonian Institution from 1947-1961 and 1975-1996, and taught at the School of Marine Science at the University of Miami in the interim years. The Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History hired Bayer as a curator in 1947 and immediately sent him to survey marine fauna at the Bikini Atoll. In 1950 the Office of Naval Research sponsored the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia (SIM), a program administered through the Pacific Science Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Bayer was a member of the SIM team that surveyed the Ifalik Atoll in 1953. [1]

[1] Bayer, Frederick M. Atoll Research Bulletin no. 494, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC: 2001.
Geographical Note:
Ifalik Atoll is comprised of several small islets: Falarik, Falalap, Ella, and Elangalap. The atoll forms part of the Caroline Islands archipelago in Yap County of Micronesia.
Related Materials Note:
The Joshua Irving Tracey Jr. papers, accession no. 02-021, in the Smithsonian Institution Archives contains materials relating to the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia, including field notes and photographs from the 1953 survey of Ifalik Atoll.

The Smithsonian Institution Archives also holds records pertaining to Bayer's work as a curator in the National Museum of Natural History.
Separated Materials Note:
The 8 artifacts purchased by Bayer while on Ifalik Atoll form accession no. 2028523 in the Department of Anthropology's ethnology collections at the National Museum of Natural History. The accession includes a conch shell used for signaling, grass skirts, fishhooks, and baskets.
Provenance:
Frederick M. Bayer donated the photographs, along with a collection of artifacts from Ifalik Atoll to the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, in 2003. The photographs were transferred to the archives in 2008.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Crustacea  Search this
Alcyonaria  Search this
Genre/Form:
Aerial Photographs
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1940-2000
Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20

People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Series 1
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref16

SIM researcher Joshua Tracey working at plane table with Ifalik islander assistants looking on

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B1.1-B1.2
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref17

SIM ocean geologist Joshua Tracey and Ifalik high chief Fagolier looking at plane table

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B1.3
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref18

Reef views under water of coral and other marine life

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B1.4-B1.12
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref19

Aerial photographs of Ifalik Atoll

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
These aerial photographs were made on April 23, 1953, and cover the four islets that comprise Ifalik Atoll. In addition to showing the reefs and lagoon of the atoll, dwellings and cultivated land can be seen on the larger islets.

All photographs in this series are stamped on verso "VU-5 Photographic Laboratory, U.S. Naval Air Station, Agana, Guam," and "Official Photograph, not to be used for publication by order of the Chief of Naval Operations." Items USNB1-34 have the additional stamp "Restricted security information."
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Series 2
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref20

Reef views under water of coral and other marine life

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B2.1-B2.9
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref22

A-frame structure made of wooden poles and woven grasses used for public assembly called the "Fan Nap" or "Big House." (See Burrows, Edwin G. "From Value to Ethos on Ifaluk Atoll," Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Spring, 1952).

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B2.10
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref23

SIM outdoor work area under tent behind Fan Nap

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B2.11
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref24

SIM researchers and Ifalik Atoll assistants performing survey work

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B2.12
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref25

Shore of Falarik Island, Ifalik Atoll

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B3.1
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref26

Shallow water "poison station" for collecting marine specimens

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
General note:
A "poison station" typically uses Rotenone to enable collection of specimens; a small amount is released into a shallow pool which sedates or kills the marine life.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B3.2
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref27

Men collecting marine specimens in shallow water "poison stations"

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B3.3-5
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref28

SIM researchers and Ifalik Atoll assistants at camp with collected specimens

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B3.6-7
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref29

Men at lake on Ella Islet

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B3.8-9
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref30

SIM researcher Ted Arnow at lake on Ella Islet

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B3.10
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref31

SIM researchers and Ifalik Atoll assistants having lunch at lake on Ella Islet

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B3.11-12
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref32

Bivalve, "Sample no. 40"

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box N1
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B4.1-5
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref33

Ifalik Atoll man Gavilesei

Collection Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Bayer, Frederick M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Box N1
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2008-20, Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2008-20, Item B4.6
See more items in:
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll
Frederick M. Bayer photographs from the Scientific Investigations of Micronesia survey of Ifalik Atoll / Series 1: People and marine life on Ifalik Atoll
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2008-20-ref34

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