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Oral history interview with Jennifer Bartlett, 1987 June-September

Interviewee:
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis, 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Murray, Elizabeth  Search this
Serra, Richard  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Mills College  Search this
Yale University  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Artists -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12304
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215656
AAA_collcode_bartle87
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215656

Oral history interview Jennifer Bartlett, 2011 June 3-4

Interviewee:
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
McElhinney, James, 1952-  Search this
Subject:
Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15951
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)301372
AAA_collcode_bartle11
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_301372
Online Media:

Nancy Drysdale Gallery records

Creator:
Nancy Drysdale Gallery  Search this
Names:
Brook Alexander Editions  Search this
Crown Point Press  Search this
Tyler Graphics, Ltd.  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Burton, Scott  Search this
Christenberry, William, 1936-  Search this
Clapsaddle, Jerry, 1941-  Search this
Drysdale, Nancy McIntosh, 1931-  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-  Search this
Gilliam, Sam, 1933-  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Katz, Alex, 1927-  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Mangold, Robert, 1937-  Search this
Puryear, Martin, 1941-  Search this
Scully, Sean, 1945-  Search this
Sonfist, Alan  Search this
Tracy, Michael, 1943-  Search this
Truitt, Anne, 1921-2004  Search this
Wegman, William  Search this
Zakanitch, Robert, 1935-  Search this
Extent:
9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Drawings
Interviews
Date:
1971-1996
Summary:
The records of the Nancy Drysdale Gallery measure 9.0 linear feet and span the years 1971 to 1996. The bulk of the collection comprises artist files that document the gallery's relations with 67 artists, many of whom were represented by the gallery.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection measures 9.0 linear feet and dates from 1971 to 1996. The bulk of the collection comprises artist files that document the gallery's relationships with 67 artists, many of whom were represented, or whose work was handled by, the gallery. In addition to artist files, the collection contains exhibition files, printed material, and publishers files.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as four series reflecting the original arrangement imposed by the Gallery.

Series 1: Group Exhibition Files, 1978-1994 (Box 1, 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 2: Fine Art Publishers Files, 1972-1995 (Boxes 1-2, 1.5 linear ft.)

Series 3: Artist Files, 1971-1996 (Boxes 2-9, 7 linear ft.)

Series 4: Miscellaneous Printed Material, 1993-1994 (Box 9, 1 folder)
Historical Note:
When colleague Max Protech moved to New York City in 1976, his gallery at 2151 P Street, N.W., Washington, D.C., became the Protech-McIntosh Gallery under his successor, Cincinnati dealer, Nancy McIntosh Drysdale. Drysdale then moved the gallery to 406 7th Street, N.W., and changed the name to the McIntosh/Drysdale Gallery. Several years later, Drysdale vacated the 7th Street address and operated as a private dealer before opening the Nancy Drysdale Gallery at 2103 O Street, N.W., in 1991.
Provenance:
The records of the Nancy Drysdale Gallery were donated to the Archives of American Art by Nancy Drysdale in 1997.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for resesarch. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Nancy Drysdale Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- Washington (D.C.)
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Drawings
Interviews
Citation:
Nancy Drysdale Gallery records, 1971-1996 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nancdryg
See more items in:
Nancy Drysdale Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nancdryg

Oral history interview Jennifer Bartlett

Interviewee:
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
McElhinney, James Lancel, 1952-  Search this
Creator:
Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts Project  Search this
Names:
Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts Project  Search this
Extent:
124 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2011 June 3-4
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jennifer Bartlett conducted 2011 June 3 and 4, by James McElhinney, for the Archives of American Art's Elizabeth Murray Oral History of Women in the Visual Arts project, at Bartlett's home and studio, in Brooklyn, New York.
Jennifer Bartlett speaks of her childhood in Long Beach, CA; her early interest in French New Wave films and Arshile Gorky; attending Mills College in Oakland, CA; her experience and training at Yale University's Art School; friendships, acquaintances, and professors in the Yale Art department; the art community in the neighborhood of SoHo in the late 60's; her techniques involving grid, scale, and repetition; the physical arrangement of her studios along with her working process; inspiration of classical Italian art as well as impressionists Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, and Georges Seurat; the issue of gender discrimination both within and outside of the art world; her own landscaping and gardening project and the influence of the natural world on her work; insight into two of her large scale works, Rhapsody [1975-76] and Recitative [2009-10]. Bartlett also recalls Chuck Close, Richard Serra, Volker Schlöndorff, John Cage, Brice Marden, and Elizabeth Murray.
Biographical / Historical:
Jennifer Bartlett (1941- ) is a painter in Brooklyn, New York. James McElhinney (1952- ) is a visual artist and writer in New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded as 8 sound files. Duration is 4 hr., 55 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bartle11
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bartle11

Oral history interview with Jennifer Bartlett

Interviewee:
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis  Search this
Names:
Mills College -- Students  Search this
Yale University. School of Fine Arts -- Students  Search this
Murray, Elizabeth, 1940-  Search this
Serra, Richard, 1939-  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Extent:
4 Cassettes (Sound recording: (5 hrs. 20 min.), analog.)
168 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1987 June-September
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jennifer Bartlett conducted 1987 June-September, by Avis Berman, for the Archives of American Art.
Bartlett discusses her family background and the dynamics within the family; her childhood interest in art; growing up in suburban Long Beach, California; attending Mills College and Yale School of Fine Arts; and her teachers and co-students there. She remembers in particular Elizabeth Murray, Jack Tworkov, and Richard Serra. She speaks about themes and intentions in her work, especially "Rhapsody" and various commissions including works created for ISI, Saatchi, Volvo, and Battery Park. Bartlett speaks about her writings "Cleopatra" and "History of the Universe" and their relationship to her painting. She concludes the interview with philosophical musings about art and taste.
Biographical / Historical:
Jennifer Bartlett (1941- ) was a painter, writer, and art instructor in New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 15 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Artists -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bartle87
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bartle87

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records

Creator:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Names:
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc.  Search this
Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Paula Johnson Gallery  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Campus, Peter, 1937-  Search this
Cooper, Paula, 1938-  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark, 1933-  Search this
Fleming, Dean  Search this
Forakis, Peter  Search this
Grosvenor, Robert, 1937-  Search this
Leonard, Zoe  Search this
Magar, Anthony, 1936-  Search this
Melcher, Tamara  Search this
Murray, Elizabeth, 1940-  Search this
Myers, Forrest Warden, 1941-  Search this
Novros, David, 1941-  Search this
Ruda, Edwin  Search this
Shields, Alan, 1944-  Search this
Smith, Tony, 1912-1980  Search this
Thompson, Bob, 1937-1966  Search this
Valledor, Leo, 1936-1989  Search this
Extent:
50 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Date:
1961-2006
Summary:
The records of the New York artist-cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and the Soho contemporary art gallery Paula Cooper Gallery measure 50 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1961 to 2006. The collection documents the founding of the Park Place Gallery and its artists through correspondence, artists' files, photographic materials, financial records, printed and digital materials, and scattered business records. The bulk of the collection is Paula Cooper Gallery records; nearly two-thirds of which are artists' files containing a variety of materials such as correspondence, printed materials, and photographic materials. Also found is additional business correspondence, business records, financial records, and printed materials for Paula Cooper Gallery, as well as a handful of records from Paula Johnson Gallery.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the New York artist-cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and the Soho contemporary art gallery Paula Cooper Gallery measure 50 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1961 to 2006. The collection documents the founding of the Park Place Gallery and its artists through correspondence, artists' files, photographic materials, financial records, printed and digital materials, and scattered business records. The bulk of the collection is Paula Cooper Gallery records; nearly two-thirds of which are artists' files containing a variety of materials such as correspondence, printed materials, and photographic materials. Also found is additional business correspondence, business records, financial records, and printed materials for Paula Cooper Gallery, as well as a handful of records from Paula Johnson Gallery.

The collection is divided in three series, one series for each gallery represented in this collection. The records in each series are not comprehensive and do not represent the full scope of operations at each gallery. Due to the original arrangement of materials, some records related to Park Place Gallery are found in Series 3, and scattered records related to Paula Cooper Gallery are found in Series 2. Researchers are encouraged to reference both series.

Series 1, Paula Johnson Gallery records, contains six folders and includes an artist file for Bob Thompson; two ledger pages of accounts receivables; scattered exhibition announcements and flyers; two photographs of artwork by Vernon Lobb; tax records, and a handful of legal organizational records.

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records are filed in Series 2 and is arranged in five subseries: correspondence, business files, artists' files, financial records, and printed materials. The correspondence is between gallery employees and clients, museums, and other galleries regarding artwork inquiries, sales and exhibitions. Business files are limited in scope and include documents related to the founding of the gallery, a guest book, and one folder of legal and financial records. Artists' Files for eight of the ten Park Place Gallery artists are found: Dean Fleming, Peter Forakis, Tony Magar, Tamara Melcher, Forrest Myers, David Novros, Edwin Ruda, and Leo Valledor. Not present in this collection are files for Mark di Suvero and Robert Grosvenor. Artists' Files contain a variety of materials including artists' statements, bibliographies, biographies, correspondence, exhibition flyers, interview transcripts, clippings and other printed materials, and photographic materials. Financial Records include check ledgers, a general ledger, paid bill receipts, sales invoices, tax forms, and other miscellaneous financial and banking records. Printed Materials include newspaper clippings, gallery announcements, an interview transcript, a handwritten gallery floor plan, and a poster for the 1964 Park Place Invitational Show drawn by Mark di Suvero with artists' names handwritten by Robert Grosvenor.

The bulk of the collection is the records of Paula Cooper Gallery, Series 3. This series contains similar materials as Series 2 and is arranged in the same five subseries. Correspondence includes responses to appraisal requests (1968-1997) and copies of outgoing gallery correspondence from 1985-1999. Business Files contain documentation related to advertising and renovations to the gallery, as well as an artwork inventory book from the early years of the gallery's operation. The bulk of this series is comprised of Artists' Files which contain varied materials such as correspondence with artists, museums, and galleries regarding installations, artwork fabrication, and other business; biographies and bibliographies; exhibition files; printed materials; and photographic materials of artwork and installations. There is considerable documentation for artists Jennifer Bartlett, Peter Campus, Zoe Leonard, Elizabeth Murray, Alan Shields and the estate of Tony Smith. Sales invoices, consignment records, payment ledgers, cancelled checks and other financial materials are found in Financial Records. Printed Materials are comprised of some newspaper and magazine clippings, an interview transcript, and a copy of a manuscript.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 series:

Series 1: Paula Johnson Gallery, 1963-1967 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 2: Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc., 1961-1973, 1989 (Boxes 1-4, 50-51, OV 52; 4.1 linear feet)

Series 3: Paula Cooper Gallery, 1962-2006 (Boxes 4-49, 51; 45.7 linear feet, ER01; 0.001 GB)
Historical Note:
The artists' cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. opened in November 1965 at 542 West Broadway, showing the work of ten young contemporary artists. The cooperative did not represent an art movement, but frequently exhibited large-scale, non-figurative, geometric paintings and sculptures.

Many of the gallery's artists had attended art school in California and shared similar ideas about art, community, and collaboration. Since 1962, they had been informally exhibiting together at 79 Park Place and other various New York City locations under the name Park Place Gallery. With the successes of their informal exhibitions, and the loss of their lease at 79 Park Place, the group formalized their cooperative under the umbrella non-profit, Art Research, Inc. in 1965.

The cooperative was comprised of five sculptors, five painters, and five collectors. Members included sculptors Mark di Suvero, Peter Forakis, Robert Grosvenor, Tony Magar, and Forrest Myers; painters Dean Fleming, Tamara Melcher, David Novros, Edwin Ruda, and Leo Valledor; and collectors Virginia Dwan, Allen and Betty Guiberson, J. Patrick Lannan, Vera List, and John and Lupe Murchison. The collectors each donated an artwork by one of the artists for sale in the gallery, as well as financed the gallery's annual operating budget. As compensation, each collector was given one major work of art by each artist every year.

Paula Cooper (nee. Johnson) joined Park Place Gallery in 1966 and she became director in late 1966-early 1967. Previously, from 1964-1966, she ran Paula Johnson Gallery, showing artwork by Bob Thompson and other young artists.

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. had its first group show in February 1966. In addition to showing art, the gallery occasionally held jazz sessions and other art-related gatherings. The gallery physically closed at the end of July 1967. However, Paula Cooper continued managing the sale of artwork and organized exhibitions at various locations. The final exhibition of Park Place Gallery artists was held at M.I.T. in late spring of 1968.

Paula Cooper opened Paula Cooper Gallery in Soho at 96 Prince Street in 1968. Her gallery is often credited as being the first gallery in Soho and thus paved the way for the migration of uptown galleries to the neighborhood. From the beginning, the gallery showed primarily conceptual and minimalist art and she continued representing some of the Park Place artists. Artists represented by Paula Cooper Gallery and found in this collection include Jennifer Bartlett, Dara Birnbaum, Peter Campus, Michael Hurson, Zoe Leonard, Robert Mangold, Elizabeth Murray, Cady Noland, Adrian Piper, Ulrich Rückriem, Edwin Ruda, Alan Shields, the estate of Tony Smith, Joseph White, Chris Wilmarth, Kes Zapkus, and many others. The gallery continues to operate in Chelsea on West 21st Street.

Sources consulted include "Reimaging Space: the Park Place Gallery Group in 1960s New York" by Linda Dalrymple Henderson, published by Blanton Museum of Art, 2008; and, "Art and Space: Park Place and the beginning of the Paula Cooper Gallery," by Liza Kirwin, 2007 (http://www.aaa.si.edu/exhibitions/paula-cooper).
Related Material:
Related collections found among the holdings of the Archives of America include a sound recording of a lecture given by Paula Cooper (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston sound recordings, May 18, 1983-February 8, 1984); audio tapes which include Paula Cooper (Bruce D. Kurtz video and audio recordings and papers, 1966-1995); and two silent 16mm films by Kenny Schneider (Park Place Gallery artists films, 1967.)
Provenance:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records were donated by Paula Cooper, director of the galleries, in two accessions in 2006 and 2009.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. They may be used for research, study, and scholarship. Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from Paula Cooper, 534 West 21st Street, New York, NY 10011.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Citation:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.parkplag
See more items in:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-parkplag

Jennifer Bartlett : artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF000175
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_136901

Jack Tworkov papers

Creator:
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Names:
Egan Gallery  Search this
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Nancy Hoffman Gallery  Search this
Poindexter Gallery  Search this
Stable Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Zabriskie Gallery  Search this
Ashbury, John  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Blinken, Donald M., 1925-  Search this
Calfee, William H. (William Howard), 1909-1995  Search this
Cavallon, Giorgio, 1904-1989  Search this
Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906  Search this
Demarco, Ricky  Search this
Dickinson, Edwin Walter, 1891-1978  Search this
Forge, Andrew  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Herzbrun, Helene  Search this
Katz, Paul  Search this
Knaths, Karl, 1891-1971  Search this
Lindeberg, Linda, 1915-1973  Search this
Matter, Herbert, 1907-1984  Search this
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Newman, Michael  Search this
Osborn, Robert Chesley, 1904-1994  Search this
Ponsold, Renate  Search this
Praeger, David A.  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Summerford, Joe  Search this
Thorne, Joan, 1943-  Search this
Westenberger, Theo  Search this
Wheeler, Dennis  Search this
Wise, Howard  Search this
Yunkers, Adja, 1900-1983  Search this
Extent:
9.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Interviews
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Sketches
Diaries
Date:
1926-1993
Summary:
The Jack Tworkov papers measure 9.7 linear feet and are dated 1926-1993. Tworkov's work as a painter and influential teacher, as well as his personal life, are documented by extensive journals and substantive correspondence that record his ideas about art and teaching, and illuminate his relationships with friends, colleagues, and students. Many sketchbooks, writings, interviews, photographs, and moving images are also included.
Scope and Content Note:
The Jack Tworkov papers measure 9.7 linear feet and are dated 1926-1993, with the bulk from the period 1931-1982. Tworkov's work as a painter and influential teacher, as well as his personal life, are documented by extensive journals and substantive correspondence that record his ideas about art and teaching, and illuminate his relationships with friends, colleagues, and students. Many sketchbooks, writings, interviews, photographs, and moving images are also included.

Biographical material includes Tworkov's citizenship certificate, awards, diplomas, a copy of Jack Tworkov: Video Portrait, produced by Electronic Arts Intermix, and a motion picture film, USA Artists: Jack Tworkov, produced by National Education Television.

Correspondence consists largely of incoming letters. It is both professional and personal in nature and often combines both spheres. Correspondents include artists Jennifer Bartlett, William H. Calfee, Giorgio Cavallon and Linda Lindeberg, Grace Hartigan, Helene Herzbrun (also named Helene McKinsey), Karl Knaths, Joe Summerford, Joan Thorne, and Adja Yunkers; cartoonist Robert C. Osborn; collectors Donald M. Blinken and David A. Praeger (who was also Tworkov's lawyer); illustrator Roger Dovoisin; critics Dore Ashton and Andrew Forge; critic and poet John Ashbury; galleries that represented Tworkov: Egan Gallery, Leo Castelli, Nancy Hoffman Gallery, Poindexter Gallery, Stable Gallery and Zabriskie Gallery; and many museums, arts organizations, colleges and universities.

Interviews with Tworkov include one with Ricky Demarco videotaped in 1979 and two conducted on video by Twokov's daughter Helen in 1975. The remaining interviews are sound recordings, one conducted by Grace Alexander for the show Artists in New York in 1967, one conducted by Michael Newman in 1980, and the remainder by unidentified interviewers. None have transcripts.

All writings are by Tworkov and include poems, an artist's statement, and documentation for two children's books by Tworkov illustrated by Roger Duvoisin. Two additional notebooks contain miscellaneous notes, teaching notes, and some specific to identified courses. Lectures exist as untranscribed sound recordings.

Tworkov's journals (33 volumes) span a period of 35 years, from 1947 until 1982, with the final entry dated a few weeks before his death. They record his reflections on painting, his challenges as a painter, aesthetics, the role of the artist in society, Jewish identity, painters he admired (especially Cézanne and Edwin Dickinson), politics, and teaching. They also recount everyday life: the comings and goings of friends and family members, social engagements, professional activities, illness, and travel.

The lone subject file concerns Mark Rothko and includes a photograph of Rothko and the guest list for the dedication of the Rothko Chapel in Houston.

Artwork consists of a small number of sketches by Tworkov in pencil and ink. Tworkov's sketchbooks (28 volumes) contain sketches and some finished drawings. Most are in pencil, but scattered throughout are a few pencil sketches embellished with colored marker or pastel, and a small number in ink.

Photographs are of people, places and events. Most photographs are of Tworkov alone and with others including Giogio Cavallon, though most friends and students are unidentified. Of note are views of Tworkov producing a series of prints at Tamarind Institute. Also found is an informal portrait of Wally Tworkov. Events recorded include the jurying of "Exhibition Momentum" in Chicago, 1956. Among the places shown are Tworkov's studios at Black Mountain College and in Provincetown. When known, photographers are noted; among them are Paul Katz, Herbert Matter, Arnold Newman, Renate Ponsold, Theo Westenberger, Dennis Wheeler, and Howard Wise.

A separate series of audiovisual recordings was established for those recordings that could not be readily identified to be arranged in other series. They consist of three videocassettes (2 VHS and 1 miniDV).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1933-1981 (Boxes 1, 9, 11, FC 13; 0.7 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1926-1993 (Boxes 1-5; 3.8 linear ft.)

Series 3: Interviews, 1978-1982 (Boxes 5, 9-10; 1 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, Notes, and Lectures, 1955-1982 (Boxes 5, 9; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 5: Journals, 1947-1982 (Boxes 5-7; 2.0 linear ft.)

Series 6: Subject File, 1961-1977 (Box 7; 1 folder)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1952-1981 (Box 7, OV 12; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 8: Artwork, circa 1950s-1960s (Box 7: 3 folders)

Series 9: Sketchbooks, circa 1950s-1960s (Boxes 7-8, 11; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographic Materials, 1941-1981 (Boxes 8-9; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 11: Audiovisual Recordings, 1961-1975 (Box 9; 0.1 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
New York School painter Jack Tworkov (1900-1982), best known for his Abstract Expressionist paintings and as a highly regarded teacher, lived and worked in New York City and Provincetown, MA.

At age 13, Tworkov (born Yakov Tworkovsky) emigrated from Poland with his mother and sister to join his father already in the United States. In America, they chose to use the name of distant relatives, the Bernsteins, who were their sponsors. Eventually, Jack and his sister, Janice, reclaimed and shortened their name to Tworkov; later, she adopted the name of their hometown in Poland and became the painter Janice Biala.

As a high school student in New York City, Tworkov attended drawing classes. After graduating from Columbia University, where he had been an English major and considered becoming a writer, Tworkov instead turned to art. He studied with Ivan Olinsky at the National Academy of Design between 1923 and 1925, and from 1925 to 1926 attended painting classes taught by Guy Péne Du Bois and Boardman Robinson at the Art Students League. During his college years, Tworkov began visiting museums and became a great admirer of Cézanne. Tworkov's early paintings - still life, landscapes, and portraits - showed the influence of European modernism and Cézanne.

Tworkov spent his first summer in Provincetown while still a student and subsequently returned to study with Ross Moffet. In Provincetown he met and was greatly influenced by Karl Knaths and developed a lifelong friendship with Edwin Dickinson. By 1929, Tworkov was painting there year round. Over the years, Tworkov and his family continued to return for long stretches, and in 1958 he purchased a house in Provincetown.

During the Great Depression, Tworkov participated in the Treasury Department's Public Works of Art Project until 1934, and then moved to the easel division of the WPA Federal Art Project. He felt uncomfortable with the growing ideological and political influences on art and found it depressing to paint for the WPA rather than for himself, so he left the WPA in 1941. Tworkov, who had studied mechanical drawing while in high school, spent most of the War years employed as a tool designer and draftsman at an engineering firm with government contracts.

By the 1940s, Tworkov was painting in the Abstract Expressionist style. Between 1948 and 1953, he leased a studio on Fourth Avenue that adjoined that of his friend Willem de Kooning. During this time, they mutually influenced each other as they developed into mature Abstract Expressionists. At Yale in the 1960s, Tworkov became close friends with fellow student Josef Albers. Alber's influence on Tworkov resulted in a turn to geometric compositions of small, systematic, and repetitive strokes defined by a grid. He experimented with diagonal compositions, and later geometric work that featured large areas of color and soft texture.

Tworkov's first teaching experience was during 1930-1931 when he served as a part-time painting instructor at the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. His teaching career began in earnest when he joined the faculties of Queens College, 1948-1955, and Pratt Institute, 1955-1958. During the summers he taught at various schools, most notably Black Mountain College's 1952 summer session. Tworkov was a visiting artist at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture, 1961-1963, and became chairman of its Art Department from 1963 until his retirement in 1969. In retirement he lived in Provincetown and was a visiting artist for both short and extended periods at various universities and art schools.

An avid reader of literature and poetry, Tworkov also wrote poems and essays. He published essays in It Is, Art Digest, and Art In America; his most notable piece, "The Wandering Soutine," appeared in Art News, November 1950. Tworkov also kept a journal for 35 years (1947-1982) that recorded his thoughts on a wide range of subjects concerning professional, personal, and philosophical issues, as well as details of everyday life.

Tworkov was among the founders of the Artists' Club or The Club in 1949, and for a decade actively participated in the stimulating discussions for which the group was known. In 1968 he helped to establish the Fine Arts Work Center in Provincetown. Its residency program enabled younger artists and writers to advance their careers and kept Provincetown's historic artists' colony active year round.

He was the recipient of the William A. Clark Award and Corcoran Gold Medal from the Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1963; Skowhegan School of Art's Painter of the Year Award, 1974; and Distinguished Teaching of Art Award from College Art Association, 1976. Tworkov was appointed to serve on the Massachusetts Art Commission, 1970-1971, and in 1981 was named a Fellow of The Cleveland Museum of Art and of the Rhode Island School of Design.

Following his second divorce in 1935, Rachel (Wally) Wolodarsky became Tworkov's third wife and their marriage endured. They had two daughters. Hermine Ford (b. 1939) is an artist married to fellow painter Robert Moskowitz. Helen Tworkov (b. 1943) is the founder of Tricycle: The Buddhist Review and the author of a book about yoga.

Tworkov remained physically and intellectually active after a diagnosis of bone cancer around 1980, and continued to paint until shortly before his death in Provincetown on September 4, 1982.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are two oral history interviews with Jack Tworkov, one conducted by Dorothy Seckler, Aug. 17, 1962, and another by Gerald Silk, May 22, 1981. There is also a small collection of three letters written by Jack Tworkov to friend Troy-Jjohn Bramberger.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel N70-38 and 62) including writings by Tworkov, notebooks, notes for teaching and talks, notes on art and miscellaneous subjects, poems, artist's statements, biographical data, the transcript of a 1970 interview with Tworkov conducted by Phyllis Tuchman, and a few letters and drafts of letters, 1950-1963. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Jack Tworkov lent the Archives of American Art papers for microfilming in 1970-1971. Jack Tworkov's daughters, Hermine Ford and Helen Tworkov, donated the rest of the collection in 2009, which included some of the material from the original loan.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Jack Tworkov papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting -- New York (State)  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Interviews
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Sketches
Diaries
Citation:
Jack Tworkov papers, 1926-1993. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tworjack2
See more items in:
Jack Tworkov papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tworjack2
Online Media:

Reflections : new conceptions of nature, Jennifer Bartlett ... [et al.] : [exhibition] May 25 - July 3, 1984, Hillwood Art Gallery, School of the Arts, Long Island University, C.W. Post Campus ... / curated by Judy K. Collischan Van Wagner

Author:
Collischan, Judy  Search this
Hillwood Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
43 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 17 x 25 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1984
C1984
20th century
Topic:
Art  Search this
Nature (Aesthetics)  Search this
Call number:
N6512.5.N33 R44 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_647565

Fire Table I, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Medium:
Sculpture: wood painted with red enamel; Painting: oil on canvas
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
On loan to Dartmouth College Hood Museum of Art Hanover New Hampshire 03755 Accession Number: EL.S.990.3A
Lent by Gilman, Sondra
Lent by Gonzalez-Falla, Celso M
Date:
1989
Topic:
Object--Furniture--Table  Search this
Control number:
IAS 30660009
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_424946

[Jennifer Bartlett : miscellaneous uncataloged material]

Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries Art and Artist Files Collection DSI  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
folders ; 25 x 38 cm
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Vertical files
Artist files
Call number:
AAF--Bartlett, Jennifer
Restrictions & Rights:
Photocopies of items in the folder(s) are available upon request, subject to fees and other current copyright guidelines for reproduction.
FOLDER(S) DO NOT CIRCUATE. FOLDERS MUST BE CONSULTED ON SITE
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_736412

Color in space : pictorialism in contemporary sculpture : April 22 through June 4, 1995, David Winton Bell Gallery, List Art Center, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island / Jennifer Bartlett ... [et al.]

Title:
Pictorialism in contemporaty sculpture
Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
David Winton Bell Gallery (Brown University)  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. : col. ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1995
C1995
20th century
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Sculpture, Modern--Themes, motives  Search this
Color in art  Search this
Call number:
NB198 .C65 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_650379

Jennifer Bartlett letter to Jack Tworkov

Creator:
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Tworkov, Jack, 1900-1982  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
ca. 1970
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14132
See more items in:
Jack Tworkov papers, circa 1926-1993
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14132
Online Media:

Jennifer Bartlett : early plate work / Brenda Richardson ; with an introduction by Allison N. Kemmerer

Author:
Richardson, Brenda  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Addison Gallery of American Art  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
123 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2006
C2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_804697

Jennifer Bartlett : Painting the language of nature and painting/ Essay by Donald Kuspit

Title:
Painting the language of nature and painting
Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Kuspit, Donald B (Donald Burton) 1935-  Search this
Locks Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
78 : chiefly col. ill. ;
Type:
Books
Date:
2006
Call number:
ND237.B275 A4 2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_832197

Jennifer Bartlett : Amagansett / [essay by Vincent Katz]

Title:
Amagansett
Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Katz, Vincent 1960-  Search this
Richard Gray Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 16 x 30 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2008
Call number:
ND237.B275 A4 2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_843567

Jennifer Bartlett : paintings

Title:
Paintings
Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Artemis Greenberg Van Doren Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 23 x 29 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
Painting, Modern  Search this
Call number:
ND237.B275 A4 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_703430

Jennifer Bartlett : binary images : shaped canvases and plate paintings / interview by Elizabeth Murray ; with an introduction by Betsy Sussler

Title:
Binary images
Shaped canvases and plate paintings
Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Murray, Elizabeth  Search this
Locks Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
59 p. : col. ill. ; 18 x 25 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
2005
C2005
Topic:
Shaped canvas  Search this
Call number:
ND237.B275 A4 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_777349

Jennifer Bartlett : piccoli dipinti = small paintings : 21 Settembre-31 Ottobre 2000

Title:
Piccoli dipinti
Small paintings
Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Didion, Joan  Search this
Galleria Lawrence Rubin (Milan, Italy)  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
59 p. : col. ill. ; 21 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
2000
[2000]
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Call number:
ND237.B275 A4 2000
N40.1.B2958 G35 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_610174

Jennifer Bartlett : Galerie Lutz & Thalmann

Author:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Lutz, Gabriele  Search this
Galerie Lutz & Thalmann  Search this
Subject:
Bartlett, Jennifer 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2001
Call number:
ND237.B275 A4 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_616881

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