Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
20 documents - page 1 of 1

AICA USA (International Association of Art Critics, United States Section)

Collection Creator:
Selz, Peter Howard, 1919-2019  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 42
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1991-2010
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Peter Howard Selz papers, 1929-2018, bulk 1950-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Peter Howard Selz papers
Peter Howard Selz papers / Series 5: Membership and Association Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e7273059-0fd1-4c49-91be-c9e583944933
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-selzpete-ref1496

Charles Biederman papers, 1930-1977

Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8887
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211072
AAA_collcode_biedchar
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211072

Charles Biederman papers

Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Extent:
23 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1930-1977
Scope and Contents:
The microfilmed Charles Biederman papers contain correspondence, journals, writings, printed material, and published materials. Microfilmed on Reels 1446-1450 are personal and business correspondence regarding Biederman's art and books Art as Evolution of Visual Knowledge and The New Cézanne. Among the correspondents are John and Joan Barnes, David Barr, David Bohm, Ian Finley, Peggy Guggenheim, S.I. Hayakawa, Marjorie Mercer Kendig, Ron Kostyniuk, and Eugene Pauls. Also included are two copybooks with letters from Biederman to John and Eugenie Anderson. Microfilmed on Reels 1662-1679 are correspondence with Alfred H. Barr, Jr., Eric Bell, Naum Gabo, Kathleen Lonsdale, Dorothy Miller, Victor Pasmore, and poet Jonathan Williams and others; notes and typed manuscripts of Biederman's articles and books about art; an audio script of a film; exhibition catalogs and announcements; clippings; and a biographical sketch.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Biederman (1906-2004) was a painter and sculptor from Red Wing, Minnesota. Biederman was born in Cleveland, Ohio and studied art at the Cleveland Art Institute, and later at the School of the Art Institute in Chicago. He worked and lived in Chicago, New York, and Paris before settling in Red Wing, Minnesota in 1942. Biederman was the author of numerous books on art theory, and best known for his three-dimensional painted aluminum constructions, created from the early 1950s to the late 1990s.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Neil Juhl Larsen research material on Charles Biederman, circa 1927-2011 and the microfilmed David Barr papers relating to Charles Biederman, 1963-1976.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1978-1979 by Charles Biederman.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Minnesota  Search this
Authors -- Minnesota -- Red Wing  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.biedchar
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95c7e8331-ea8a-4a74-b127-53fcc63d928c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-biedchar

Oral history interview with Fairfield Porter

Interviewee:
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Coryllis, Peter  Search this
De Kooning, Elaine  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Hess, Thomas B.  Search this
Katz, Alex, 1927-  Search this
Maroger, Jacques, 1884-1962  Search this
Extent:
65 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1968 June 6
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Fairfield Porter conducted 1968 June 6, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art.
Porter speaks of his family background and Harvard education; the Art Students League; his involvement with Marxism and his work as an art critic for "Art News" and "The Nation". He discusses his portrait commissions, his choice of subject matter, theories of realism versus abstraction and drawing versus color, and the role of the unconscious and the accidental in his art. He recalls Thomas Hart Benton, Jacques Maroger, Elaine and Willem de Kooning, Walter Auerbach, Thomas B. Hess, Clement Greenberg, and Alex Katz.
Biographical / Historical:
Fairfield Porter (1907-1975) was a painter and critic from Southampton, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 24 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Art critics -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.porter68
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96d3ad635-555a-412a-8ce6-2367ac67f402
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-porter68
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Fairfield Porter, 1968 June 6

Interviewee:
Porter, Fairfield, 1907-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Subject:
Coryllis, Peter  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
De Kooning, Elaine  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Hess, Thomas B.  Search this
Katz, Alex  Search this
Maroger, Jacques  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State)  Search this
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12873
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211982
AAA_collcode_porter68
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_211982
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Philip Leider, 1979 Dec. 11

Interviewee:
Leider, Philip, 1929-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Artforum  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art criticism -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- California -- Oakland -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13279
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212840
AAA_collcode_leider79
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212840

Henry McBride papers, 1887-1962

Creator:
McBride, Henry, 1867-1962  Search this
Subject:
Barr, Everett S.  Search this
Wescott, Glenway  Search this
Stein, Gertrude  Search this
Toklas, Alice B.  Search this
Van Vechten, Carl  Search this
Matisse, Henri  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Stettheimer, Florine  Search this
Miller, C. Earle  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Pascin, Jules  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7838
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210005
AAA_collcode_mcbrhenr
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210005

Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers, 1875-1985

Creator:
Frankenstein, Alfred Victor, 1906-1981  Search this
Subject:
Peto, John Frederick  Search this
Haberle, John  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Murdock, Roland P.  Search this
Decker, Joseph  Search this
Harnett, William Michael  Search this
Ives, Charles  Search this
Mount, William Sidney  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton  Search this
Jenkins, Paul  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
American Arts Alliance  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
San Francisco Chronicle (Firm)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10066
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212928
AAA_collcode_franalfr
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212928
Online Media:

Sadakichi Hartmann manuscript, 1933

Creator:
Hartmann, Sadakichi, 1867-1944  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10604
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214080
AAA_collcode_hartsadm
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214080

Christian Brinton papers, 1874-1967

Creator:
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942  Search this
Subject:
Chester County Art Association (Chester County, Pa.)  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Curators -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10159
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213142
AAA_collcode_brinchri
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213142

Christian Brinton scrapbooks, 1899-1925

Creator:
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10352
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213596
AAA_collcode_brinchrs
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213596

Sadakichi Hartmann manuscript

Creator:
Hartmann, Sadakichi, 1867-1944  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1933
Scope and Contents:
An unpublished copy of Hartmann's book " Esthetic Verities," written 1927-1932, and revised 1933.
Biographical / Historical:
Art critic, painter and writer; Andover, New Hampshire and Banning, California. Author of several books on American art.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming, 1955, by Library Company of Philadelphia.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.hartsadm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9099c6f9d-3654-4e08-837a-b8365f82e068
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hartsadm

Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers

Creator:
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor), 1906-1981  Search this
Names:
American Arts Alliance  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
San Francisco Chronicle (Firm)  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Decker, Joseph, 1853-1924  Search this
Haberle, John, 1856-1933  Search this
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Ives, Charles, 1874-1954  Search this
Jenkins, Paul, 1923-2012  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
Mount, William Sidney, 1807-1868  Search this
Murdock, Roland P.  Search this
Peto, John Frederick, 1854-1907  Search this
Extent:
19.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Date:
1875-1985
Summary:
The papers of art critic and historian Alfred Victor Frankenstein measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1985. The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's research and writing files on American painting, particularly artists working in the nineteenth-century. There are extensive files on artists John Haberle, William Michael Harnett, and William Sidney Mount. The collection also includes biographical material, correspondence, general writings and notes, professional activities files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and unidentified sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art critic and historian Alfred Victor Frankenstein measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1985. The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's research and writing files on American painting, particularly artists working in the nineteenth-century. There are extensive files on artists John Haberle, William Michael Harnett, and William Sidney Mount. The collection also includes biographical material, correspondence, general writings and notes, professional activities files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and unidentified sound recordings.

Biographical materials include awards, museum passes from the 1970s, school records, and a scrapbook documenting Frankenstein's career at the San Francisco Chronicle. Also found is his father's medical school diploma.

Largely professional in nature, Frankenstein's correspondence is with galleries, museums and institutions, colleges and universities, as well as art historians and museum colleagues including Paul Jenkins, Stanton MacDonald-Wright, and Thomas E. Ripley.

General writings are on subjects such as music, art, California, and the Ronald P. Murdock art collection. It is likely that some writings may be drafts for articles that later appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle. Also found are three notebooks, a recorded interview, recorded lectures by Frankenstein and by others.

The bulk of the collection consists of Frankenstein's extensive research files on American sill-life painting in the nineteenth-century. Research topics focus primarily on artists John Haberle (including sketches by Haberle), William Michael Harnett, William Sidney Mount, and John Frederick Peto; however, some files are found for collectors, dealers, and subjects. Files are found both for the research and writing of Frankenstein's books, After the Hunt (1953) and The World of Copley: 1738-1815 (1970). Contents of the research files vary but many contain correspondence, photographs, notes and writings, provenance research, printed materials, and photocopied and original primary documents. Additional research files are also found in Series 5, Exhibition Files.

Files concerning exhibitions curated or organized by Frankenstein include Artist Self-Portraits (1974) at the National Gallery of Art, an exhibition at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, and the World's Fair Exposition exhibition, Our Land, Our Sky Our Water: an Exhibition of American and Canadian Art (1974). Files contain loan agreements, gallery plans, photographs, writings, correspondence, and printed materials.

Frankenstein's professional activities files include material about his job as a music critic at the San Francisco Chronicle, and records documenting his participation in the American Arts Alliance and the San Francisco Arts Commission. Also found are scattered student writings, lecture notes, and some correspondence from his teaching position at the University of California, Berkeley.

An appraisal for a Joseph Decker work, the estate records of Sylvia Frankenstein, general receipts for purchases and shipping records, and vehicle ownership records comprise Frankenstein's personal business records.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, magazines, and blank postcards. Also found are eight commercial audio recordings, including a musical piece by Charles Ives on cassette, and six phonograph records that are likely of music. A cassette entitled "Heritage of American Art" may be from an exhibition of the same title held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City in 1975. Personal photographs include snapshots of Frankenstein with his family and portraits of him, as well as a photocopy of a family photo album. The bulk of the photographs are of artwork.

There are six unidentified sound recordings.
Biographical / Historical:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein (1906-1981) was an art historian, writer, art and music critic, and educator active in San Francisco, California.

Frankenstein was born in 1906 in Chicago, Illinois. He studied at the University of Chicago but moved to San Francisco to take a job as a music critic for the San Francisco Chronicle . Later, the position expanded to include critiques of visual art and art exhibitions. He remained at the San Francisco Chronicle until 1979, concentrating only on art from 1965.

He was an expert on 19th century American still-life and his notable book, After The Hunt (1953), examined the American trompe-l'œil movement in late 19th century and early 20th-century through the work of painters William Harnett and John Frederick Peto. He also authored The World of Copley: 1738-1815 in 1970. Frankenstein curated several major exhibitions, including American Self-Portraits (1974) at the National Portrait Gallery and the 1974 World's Fair Exposition exhibition, Our Land, Our Sky Our Water: an Exhibition of American and Canadian Art..

An educator, Frankenstein was a professor of Art History at the University of California at Berkeley (1940-1974), Stanford University (1973-1981), and at Mills College (1945-1974), where he also taught American music.
Related Materials:
Also found among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are two oral histories with Alfred Frankenstein, one conducted by Mary McChesney on November 9th, 1965 and the other conducted by Paul Karlstrom from 1978 to 1979. Additionally, Frankenstein donated one sketchbook and twelve loose sketches that are cataloged as a separate collection: the William Harnett sketches, 1870.
Provenance:
Alfred Frankenstein donated some of his papers in 1972, and lent materials for microfilming in 1978. His estate, handled by his son John Frankenstein, donated the materials original loaned as well as additional records in 1981.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art critics -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art historians -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers, 1875-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.franalfr
See more items in:
Alfred Victor Frankenstein papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e75e77af-bf2c-4cb8-8f0d-8bac5756a1be
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-franalfr
Online Media:

Charles M. Kurtz papers

Creator:
Kurtz, Charles M. (Charles McMeen), 1855-1909  Search this
Names:
Albright Art Gallery (Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
American Art Association  Search this
Buffalo Fine Arts Academy  Search this
Exposition universelle internationale de 1900 (Paris, France)  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Saint Louis Exposition and Music Hall Association (1883-1902 : Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Southern Exposition (1885 : Louisville, Ky.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Starkweather family  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Cesnola, Luigi Palma di, 1832-1904  Search this
Clarke, Thomas B. (Thomas Benedict), 1848-1931  Search this
Hallowell, Sara  Search this
Hambidge, Jay, 1867-1924  Search this
Hasbrouck, Du Bois Fenelon, b.1860  Search this
Irwin, Benoni, 1840-1896  Search this
Ives, Halsey Cooley, 1847-1911  Search this
Kurtz, Davis Brook Kurtz, 1826-1906  Search this
Kurtz, Julia Stephenson  Search this
Reid, Alexander  Search this
Rhodes, Charles Ward, d. 1905  Search this
Richardson, Mary Curtis, 1848-1931  Search this
Sedelmeyer, Charles  Search this
Thum, Patty P., 1853-1926  Search this
Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922  Search this
Wickenden, Robert J.  Search this
Photographer:
Pluschow, Guglielmo  Search this
Extent:
27.74 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Menus
Photographs
Lithographs
Etchings
Address books
Engravings
Visiting cards
Diaries
Photogravures
Tempera paintings
Oil paintings
Sketches
Date:
1843-1990
bulk 1884-1909
Summary:
The papers of arts administrator, museum director, collector, dealer, and editor Charles M. Kurtz (1855-1909), measure 27.74 linear feet and date from 1843-1990 (bulk dates 1884-1909). The bulk of the collection consists of detailed chronological correspondence between Kurtz and his wife and family, friends, colleagues, and business associates that documents many notable exhibitions, galleries, museums, private collections, as well as cities, people, and events of the period. Also found in the collection are Kurtz's diaries, scrapbooks, printed materials, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The Charles M. Kurtz papers measure 27.74 linear feet and date from 1843 to 1990 with the bulk of the material dating from 1884 to 1909. The bulk of the collection consists of chronological correspondence between Kurtz and his family, most notably his wife, friends, colleagues, and business associates. Kurtz's letters are amazingly detailed and document many notable exhibitions, galleries, museums, private collections, as well as cities, people, and events of the period. The letters between Kurtz and his wife are most interesting for their descriptive commentary on late 19th century life and offer a complete picture of Kurtz's activities. Many of Kurtz's letters to Halsey C. Ives can be found in the Halsey C. Ives Papers. Some of the letters in the collection are illustrated. Also found in the collection are Kurtz's diaries, scrapbooks, printed materials, and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into twelve series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1885-1931, undated

Series 2: Correspondence, 1843-1940, undated

Series 3: Circulars/Requests for Submissions of Works of Art, 1886-1905

Series 4: Legal Records, 1881-1928

Series 5: Financial Records, 1870-1989, undated

Series 6: Diaries, 1894-1901

Series 7: Notes and Writings, 1872-1980, undated

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1878-1909

Series 9: Printed Material, 1873-1990, undated

Series 10: Photographs, 1898-1990

Series 11: Photographs of Works of Art, undated

Series 12: Miscellany, undated
Biographical Note:
Charles M. Kurtz's name is known to many scholars and students of American art history. To some he is important for his critical writings, others are interested in his management of exhibitions for the Art Union and the American Art Association. Many are aware of him because of his publication of National Academy Notes, which continued for nine years. Still others are familiar with Kurtz in his role as an art administrator for late 19th century art exhibitions like those at the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago and the St. Louis Fair, or for his accomplishments as the first director of the Albright Gallery in Buffalo, New York. Sometimes researchers have become familiar with his name through the sale catalogue for his considerable collection, which was sold at auction after his death in 1909. His career, which encompassed the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth century, touched on virtually every aspect of art in America during that period.

Born in 1853 to Davis Brook Kurtz (1826-1906), an attorney, and Julia Wilder, Charles Kurtz enjoyed a genteel upbringing. The Kurtz family originated in Darmstadt, Germany, and migrated to America in the eighteenth century. D.B. Kurtz, a leading member of the Lawrence County bar, was also a vice-president of the National Bank of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania. As a local representative of many important railroad and business interests, he accumulated assets estimated at one million dollars by the time of his death, just three years before that of his son, Charles, the eldest of his five children. Unlike his brothers Louis, who also became an attorney, and Edward, a professor at Columbia University, Charles eschewed a professional career to enter the art world, as did his sisters Emily, an artist, and Catherine, a musician.

After his graduation from Washington and Jefferson College in Washington, Pennsylvania, Kurtz visited the Centennial Exposition, held in 1876 in Philadelphia, before coming to New York to study art at the National Academy of Design. These two activities foreshadowed the direction that his career would eventually take. As the chronology indicates, his early efforts revolve around writing for a variety of publications, most notably, his own National Academy Notes. In 1881 he took what was to be the first of many trips abroad to survey the art scene in Europe. Later in his career, his fascination with foreign art and his own entrepeneurial interests led him to become an outspoken opponent of tariffs on imported art.

Kurtz's personal life changed significantly in 1884 when he met Julia Stephenson, a physician's daughter and fledging art student from Harrodsburg, Kentucky. Throughout their courtship and after their marriage the couple was frequently separated. Consequently, they wrote lengthy letters which document not only their personal relationship but also Kurtz's aspirations and activities in the art world.

With his appointment as one of Halsey C. Ives's (1847-1911) chief assistants of the Fine Arts Department of the World's Columbian Exposition in 1891, Charles Kurtz's career achieved international stature. Among the most notable European artists he introduced into this country through circulating exhibitions were the Glasgow School, the Danish School, the Hungarian artist, Mihaly Munkacsy, and the subject of his final exhibition, the Spanish artist, Sorolla.

Throughout his life, Kurtz was plagued by health problems and, in 1899, illness forced him to resign as Assistant Director of Fine Arts for the United States for the Paris Exposition of 1900. Throughout the following decade, his work was increasingly interrupted by ill health. His death in 1909 at the age of 54, while sudden, was not entirely unexpected. However it most certainly cut short a cosmopolitan career that encompassed virtually every aspect of the art world and the pertinent issues of the day.

Kurtz is remembered for his editorial work with the National Academy of Design; as Art Director for the Southern Exposition, 1883-1886, and the St. Louis Exposition, 1894-1899 (where he introduced the Glasgow School of Painting); and as Assistant Chief/Director for the World's Columbian Exposition, the 1900 Paris Exposition, and the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. He was also director of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy.

Missing Title

1855 -- Charles McMeen Kurtz born

1876 -- receives B.S. degree from Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pennsylvania

1876-78 -- studies at the National Academy of Design, N.Y. with Lemuel Wilmarth and William Morgan; writes a column, "New York Letters," for The Courant published in New Castle, Pennsylvania

1878 -- edits a small daily paper published during a "National Camp Meeting for the promotion of Holiness" held that summer in New Castle, Pa.; its critical stance resulted in his public denouncement and earned him a reputation as a journalist in western Pennsylvania; receives M.A. from Washington and Jefferson College

1878-79 -- becomes the local editor of The Guardian of New Castle

1879 -- publishes The Daily Reporter, a financial success

1881 -- publishes the first issue of National Academy Notes; travels in Europe, spending time in England, Holland, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and France (Paris)

1881-82 -- prepares Illustrated Notes for Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

1882 -- writes "Art Notes" in The New York Tribune and resigns Dec. 23rd

1882-83 -- accepts position to write for Music and Drama, a new daily paper

1883 -- becomes the general manager of the American Art Union; exhibits a large collection of Art Union paintings in Buffalo, N.Y. and Louisville, Ky., where they became part of the Southern Exposition's first great art display

1883-86 -- accepts offer to become Director of the Art Department, Southern Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky

1884 -- edits Art Union magazine until December; applies for position to head the Art Department of the New Orleans World's Fair in September

1884-86 -- accepts a position offered by the American Art Association; terminates uncongenial relationship in March, 1886

1885 -- writes catalogues for the sale of the George Seney Collection and for the Watts exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; October 1, marries Julia Stephenson (1861-1931), daughter of Dr. A. T. Stephenson of Harrodsburg, Kentucky; they had two daughters who survived them: Julia Wilder Kurtz (1889-1977), and Isabella Starkweather Kurtz (1901-1991); another daughter, Elizabeth Stephenson Kurtz (1886-1897), predeceased them

1886 -- terminates employment with the Art Association; daughter, Elizabeth Stephenson Kurtz, born

1886-87 -- manages the circulation of Mihaly Munkacsy's Christ Before Pilot for Charles Sedelmeyer to American venues: New York, Boston, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Kansas City, Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Nashville, Phildelphia, Indianapolis; tour generates $90,000 in ticket receipts

1889-91 -- February 24, appointed art critic ("Art Notes") and book reviewer for New York Daily Star; later literary and art editor of the Sunday Star

1890 -- writes for the Sunday edition The Press, a New York paper

1891 -- writes for The World; art editor for The New York Recorder; contributes to the New York Truth

1891-93 -- contributes to Chicago Evening Post ; writes artist biographies for The Chicago Graphic, a regional magazine; appointed Assistant Chief of the Department of Fine Arts of the World's Columbian Exposition

1894 -- contributes column, "Art at the Exposition" to St. Louis Life

1895 -- tours Denmark, Scotland, and France during the summer on behalf of the St. Louis Exposition

1894-99 -- appointed Director of the Art Department of the St. Louis Annual Exposition

1896 -- elected member of The Japan Society, London

1897 -- daughter, Elizabeth (Daisy), dies

1898 -- receives a diploma and medal "in recognition of valuable services in connection with the Fine Arts Exhibit" from the directors of the Trans-Mississippi International Exposition, Omaha

1899 -- appointed Assistant Director of Fine Arts for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900; resigned in July due to ill health

1901-04 -- appointed Assistant Chief of the Department of Art of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, August

1901 -- daughter, Isabella Starkweather Kurtz, born

1902 -- receives honorary Ph.D from Washington and Jefferson College "in recognition of distinguished ability and services as an art critic and writer"

1905 -- receives the cross of the Order of Merit from Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria; appointed Director, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy and Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, in January; exhibits Glasgow paintings at Albright Art Gallery from November until the following April

1906 -- writes Academy Notes, a bulletin pubished by the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy and the Albright Art Gallery; father, D.B. Kurtz, dies in Newcastle, Pennsylvania

1907 -- accused of importing German pictures free of duty for exhibition purposes and then selling some for profit

1908 -- Honorary Doctor of Philosophy degree conferred by Washington and Jefferson College

1909 -- Charles M. Kurtz dies in Buffalo, New York on March 21

1910 -- Sale of the private collection of Charles M. Kurtz at auction, Fifth Avenue Art Galleries, February 24-25

1931 -- Widow, Julia Stephenson Kurtz dies October 30

1977 -- Daughter, Julia Wilder Kurtz, dies

1991 -- Daughter, Isabel Starkweather Kurtz, dies in Buffalo, N.Y.; remaining Charles M. Kurtz Papers bequeathed to the Archives of American Art and the National Academy of Design, New York
Related Material:
The St. Louis Exposition/Halsey C. Ives papers in the Archives of American Art contain material relating to Charles M. Kurtz.

Additional Charles Kurtz papers, 1870-1910, including 340 letters which discuss exhibitions, sales of art, patronage, atelier visits, and submissions to publications, and letters to his parents in which he discsses the art market and art world new; as well as manuscripts, notebooks, a diary, and printed ephemera relating to exhibitions and publications, are available at the Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Los Angeles, California.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel 4912) including Charles Kurtz's Glasgow painting diary. The loaned diary was returned to the lender and can now be found at the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven, Connecticut. This material is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
For many years, the Kurtz Papers were thought to have been destroyed in a fire. Isabel Kurtz, a school teacher who lived with her older sister in Buffalo, New York, was vague when initially approached about her father's papers by Archives Regional Director, Robert Brown in the mid-1980s. However upon her death in 1991, her will revealed that the papers were indeed in her house in Buffalo and the bulk of them were bequeathed to the Archives of American Art. Paintings and a diary relating to the Glasgow School were given to the Yale Center for British Art. That diary has subsequently been duplicated on microfilm and is now also available in the Archives. Scorch marks on some of the papers and also on the paintings given to Yale suggest that there was indeed a fire. The material that was not bequeathed to the Archives included duplicates of printed documents along with books from the Kurtz library and a coin collection, all of which were dispersed in an estate auction that was held in Buffalo in 1991.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
Glasgow painting diary, Microfilm reel 4912: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Yale Center for British Art. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Editors -- United States  Search this
Art critics -- United States  Search this
Arts administrators -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Glasgow school of painting  Search this
Exhibitions -- United States  Search this
Art, Scottish  Search this
Art -- Private collections  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- Buffalo  Search this
Function:
Art museums -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Menus
Photographs
Lithographs
Etchings
Address books
Engravings
Visiting cards
Diaries
Photogravures
Tempera paintings
Oil paintings
Sketches
Citation:
Charles M. Kurtz papers, 1843-1990 (bulk 1884-1909). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kurtchar
See more items in:
Charles M. Kurtz papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b7ebdf20-07b7-468c-96e8-53e65d6c18a2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kurtchar
Online Media:

Mitch Tuchman papers relating to the book Painters Painting

Creator:
Tuchman, Mitch  Search this
Names:
Albers, Josef  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
De Antonio, Emile.  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Geldzahler, Henry  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Hess, Thomas B.  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Johnson, Philip, 1906-2005  Search this
Kramer, Hilton  Search this
Leider, Philip, 1929-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Nevelson, Louise, 1899-1988  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-2007  Search this
Pavia, Philip, 1915-2005  Search this
Poons, Larry  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Rivers, Larry, 1925-2002  Search this
Rubin, William Stanley  Search this
Scull, Ethel  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-1987  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
1980-1989
Scope and Contents:
Papers related to Tuchman's co-authoring with Emile de Antonio the book Painters Painting: A History of American Modernism in the Words of Those Who Created It (Abbeville Press, 1984). The book was based on uncut transcripts and the film script from de Antonio's 1972 film Painters Painting, inspired by the Museum of Modern Art's exhibition, New York Painting and Sculpture: 1940-1970, curated by Henry Geldzahler. Included are correspondence; transcripts of interviews conducted by de Antonio of painters, critics, curators, and collectors; notes; drafts of the book; and a subject card file.
Interviewees include: Josef Albers, Leo Castelli, Willem de Kooning, Helen Frankenthaler, Henry Geldzahler, Clement Greenberg, Thomas Hess, Jasper Johns, Philip Johnson, Hilton Kramer, Philip Leider, Robert Motherwell, Louise Nevelson, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, Philip Pavia, Larry Poons, Robert Rauschenberg, Larry Rivers, William Rubin, Ethel and Robert Scull, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol.
Biographical / Historical:
Tuchman is an author and editor; Los Angeles, Calif.
Provenance:
Donated 1994 by Mitch Tuchman.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art critics -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Editors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Interviews  Search this
Art museum curators -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.tuchmitc
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98bedc02c-14bb-4f53-9a7a-fce8627ada72
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tuchmitc

Earl Shinn photographic portrait

Names:
Shinn, Earl, 1838-1886  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1865
Scope and Contents:
Photographic portrait of Shinn taken in New York, N.Y.
Biographical / Historical:
Art critic; New York, N.Y. Wrote under the pseudonym Edward Strahan.
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1987 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art critics -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.shinearl2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ff080aa3-f681-4697-aac5-abe1803b7166
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-shinearl2

Henry McBride papers

Creator:
McBride, Henry, 1867-1962  Search this
Names:
Barr, Everett S.  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel), 1864-1941  Search this
Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954  Search this
Miller, C. Earle  Search this
Pascin, Jules, 1885-1930  Search this
Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946  Search this
Stettheimer, Florine, 1871-1944  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Toklas, Alice B.  Search this
Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964  Search this
Wescott, Glenway, 1901-  Search this
Extent:
16 Reels (ca. 8000 items (on 16 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1887-1962
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, manuscript writings, notes, reviews, articles, clippings, letters, photographs, catalogs, and postcard.
Reel NMcB 1 - 13: Correspondence, mostly 1910-1960; manuscript writings; notes; reviews; and articles. Correspondents include the Stettheimer sisters, Charles Aiken, Alexander Archipenko, George Biddle, Edward Bruce, Alexander Calder, Mary Callery, Royal Cortissoz, Chester Dale, Randall Davey, Katherine Dreier, Guy Pène du Bois, Marcel Duchamp, Valentine Dudensing, Albert Duveen, Charles Demuth, Arthur Dove, Thomas Eakins, Louis Eilshemius, Lyonel Feininger, Juliana Force, Edith Halpert, George Hart, Max Kalish, Rockwell Kent, Samuel M. Kootz, Walt Kuhn, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Gaston Lachaise, Jacques Lipchitz, Robert Macbeth, John Marin, Peppino Mangravite, Georgia O'Keeffe, Amédée Ozenfant, Walter Pach, Jules Pascin, John Quinn, Man Ray, Gertrude Stein, Joseph Stella, Maurice Sterne, Albert Sterner, Alfred Stieglitz, Gustave Verbeek, Malcolm Vaughan, Forbes Watson, Max Weber, Guy Wiggins, and William Zorach.
Reel D105: Notes, letters, clippings, photographs and catalogs relating to Thomas Eakins from the collection of Henry McBride.
Reel NMcB 14: Letters, 1946-1962, to Dr. and Mrs. Everett S. Barr, and letters, 1950-1957, to Mr. and Mrs. C. Earle Miller.
Reel 372: Letters and photographs, ca. 1903-1962. McBride writes in journal-like detail from 1947-1962 to his friends, Alice and Everett Barr, West Chester, Pa., commenting on politics during the Truman and Eisenhower years, theatre and opera in New York, and the social and domestic activities of the social group with which he associates, including members of the Delano, Stettheimer and Wetmore families, as well as literary and art figures including Glenway Wescott, Monroe Wheeler, Claude Rains, and others. Photographs, ca. 1903-1947, include McBride with Gertrude Stein, Alice B. Toklas, Henri Matisse, and others; one postcard from Carl Van Vechten, June 4, 1933, and a photograph of Marianne Moore.
Biographical / Historical:
Art critic and author, New York, N.Y. Wrote for THE NEW YORK SUN (1913-1949) and THE DIAL (1920-1929). Author of MATISSE, SOME FRENCH MODERNS, MARIN, and FLORINE STETTHEIMER. Gave many prominent artists their first critical acclaim, such as Thomas Eakins, Jules Pascin, John Marin, Charles Demuth, Louis Eilshemius.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming by Maximillian Miltzlaff, executor of McBride's estate.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.mcbrhenr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9faad9c4b-d7bf-4890-927c-9833463bac3d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mcbrhenr

Christian Brinton papers

Creator:
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942  Search this
Names:
Chester County Art Association (Chester County, Pa.)  Search this
Extent:
12 Linear feet ((on 8 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1874-1967
Scope and Contents:
Biographical information, including passports, marriage and divorce papers, a copy of Brinton's will, diaries, 1922, 1925, 1926, and 1928, and an autobiography; correspondence with artists and museums; a Chester County Art Association file containing correspondence, catalogs and a scrapbook; and a file containing research notebooks kept by Brinton on art and artists including personal observations; artist files containing notes and printed material; exhibition files from exhibitions Brinton curated or helped curate; writings, manuscripts, and typescripts of Brinton's work; and invitations, printed material and manuscripts from various lectures given by Brinton.
Biographical / Historical:
International curator, art critic; West Chester, Pennsylvania. Born 1870. Died 1942. Co-founded and was the first president of the Chester County Art Association.
Provenance:
Microfilmed in 1987 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art critics -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Curators -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.brinchri
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91ce1dab4-148e-4374-a9be-b0be284f3901
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brinchri

Christian Brinton scrapbooks

Creator:
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942  Search this
Extent:
4 Volumes ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Scrapbooks
Date:
1899-1925
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbooks contain correspondence, clippings, sketches, photographs, and exhibition catalogs. The letters are generally requests for Brinton to lecture, organize an exhibition, or write an article.
Biographical / Historical:
Art critic, curator and collector; West Chester, Pennsylvania and New York, N.Y. Born 1870. Died 1942.
Provenance:
Collected in 1990 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project. Microfilmed by the Free Library of Pennsylvania.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art critics -- Pennsylvania -- West Chester  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.brinchrs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw970b9af01-b5d4-4022-b496-26f47422f3dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brinchrs

Oral history interview with Philip Leider

Interviewee:
Leider, Philip, 1929-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Artforum  Search this
Extent:
43 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Date:
1979 Dec. 11
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Philip Leider conducted 1979 Dec. 11, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art. Leider discusses the history of ARTFORUM; his moves to San Francisco, Los Angeles, and New York; and his views on art magazines, contemporary art and art criticism.
Biographical / Historical:
Phillip Leider (1929- ) is an editor and educator from Oakland, Calif. and Jerusalem. Leider is a founding editor of ARTFORUM.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hrs., 5 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
ACCESS RESTRICTED written permission required
Occupation:
Editors -- California -- Oakland -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art criticism -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- California -- Oakland -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.leider79
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96d13bfd6-5d03-48e5-b4d6-4652de5b8026
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-leider79

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By
  • Archives of American Art