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Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers

Creator:
Lipman, Howard, 1905-1992  Search this
Names:
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Gaylor, Wood, 1883-1957  Search this
Huge, Jurgan Frederick, 1809-1878  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Porter, Rufus, 1792-1884  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Extent:
46.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1848, 1916-2000
Summary:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers measure 46.6 linear feet and span the years 1916 to 2000, with one brochure maintained in a research file dating to 1848. The bulk dates for the collection are 1932 to 1992. The papers primarily concern the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans which included modern American sculpture, American folk art, and other contemporary American paintings. Found within the papers are correspondence files, notes and printed material that served as research and reference material, along with financial material. The collection also contains writings, notes, and editorial material used by Jean Lipman in her dual roles as an editor for Art in America magazine and as a respected art critic and author.
Scope and Content Note:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers measure 46.6 linear feet and span the years 1916 to 2000. A copy of an 1848 brochure, retained by Jean Lipman in her research and writings files accounts for the early span date listed in the title of the collection. The bulk dates for the collection are 1932 to 1992. The records include correspondence, notes and printed material that served as research and reference material, along with some financial material that documents the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans. The collection also contains writing and editorial material used by Jean Lipman in her dual roles as an editor for Art in America magazine and as a respected author.

The Personal Files describe the social activities and associations of the Lipmans and include biographical information, personal and family correspondence, gift giving activities, the art career of Jean Lipman, and relationships maintained by the Lipmans with various art organizations.

The Howard and Jean Lipman Art Collection Files describe the art collecting activities and interests of the Lipmans throughout their lifetime. The General Files section consists of reference files on art organizations and galleries with whom the Lipmans maintained relationships. Also included are particular topics or exhibitions of interest to the Lipmans. The Sculptors and Painters of Interest section served as reference files about the activities of artists in whom the Lipmans were interested and whose works they owned, or considered owning. The Folk Art Collection section documents the collecting and purchasing activities of the Lipmans as they amassed and then subsequently sold their two significant folk art collections.

The Artists Files document the friendship and projects that developed between the Lipmans and three major American artists: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith. Of special interest to researchers will be some original Calder artwork mixed into the correspondence between the Lipmans and Calder, as well as drawings, sketches, prints, and posters found in the associated oversize folder. Also found in the Calder subseries are some proofs from Calder's Circus, edited by Jean Lipman.

The Research and Writing Files is divided into five sections dealing with research and writing projects undertaken by Jean Lipman. The first three sections deal with biographical projects that resulted in books or articles about three significant American primitive artists: Jurgan Frederick Huge, Rufus Porter, and Samuel Wood Gaylor. The fourth section deals with writing projects that resulted in the publication of several generalized books on the topic of American folk art. The final section consists of materials associated with the published articles and other authored works of Jean Lipman on a variety of American art topics.

The Art in America Editorial Files consists of editorial material maintained by Jean Lipman during her tenure (1941-1971) as editor of Art in America. The Financial Files reflect the early financial activities of the magazine during the brief period when the Lipmans owned it.

During the period that Jean Lipman served as editor, a variety of distinguished art historians, artists, architects, novelists, and poets contributed articles, columns, or artwork to the magazine. A sampling of correspondents that can be found in the general correspondence of this series include: Joseph Albers, Marcel DuChamp, John Dos Passos, Nelson Rockefeller, Charles Sheeler, and Andrew Wyeth. The General Correspondence Files also document the two subsequent changes of ownership and the growth of subscribers that occurred during the period of Lipman's editorship.

Editorial material related to individual magazine issues is found within this series, as well as information pertaining to the innovative advertising and special projects undertaken by the magazine as it sought to expand its readership and prestige. The Art in America series also chronicles the changes at the magazine that led to Lipman's resignation as editor in 1971.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series. Arrangement is generally alphabetical by subject heading or type of material. Items within folders are arranged chronologically by year.

Series 1: Personal Files (Boxes 1-3; 3 linear ft.)

Series 2: Howard and Jean Lipman Art Collection (Boxes 3-15; 12 linear ft.)

Series 3: Artists Files (Boxes 15-18, 46-47, OV 50-52; 3.6 linear ft.)

Series 4: Research and Writings Files (Boxes 18-28, 48; OV 50, 53; 10.3 linear ft.)

Series 5: -- Art in America -- Editorial Files (Boxes 28-45; 49, OV 50; 17.3 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman shared a lifetime sponsorship of art. The Lipmans' personal art collection, acquired throughout their marriage, was eventually divided into three separate parts: The Howard W. Lipman Foundation collection that was donated and merged into the modern sculpture holdings of the Whitney Museum of American Art; an American folk art collection that was later sold through two separate auctions in 1950 and 1981 and is now part of the holdings of the New York Historical Association and the Museum of American Folk Art; and a personal collection that was retained and displayed in the Lipmans' various residences in Connecticut, New York, and Arizona.

Married in 1933, the Lipmans began jointly collecting American folk art at a time when few art museums or institutions recognized the historical and artistic value of early primitive, self-taught artists. By the late 1940s, the Lipmans had amassed a large, significant collection that was highly regarded for its quality and scope.

During the early 1950s, the Lipmans also began actively collecting sculpture, focusing upon American contemporary sculptors. In the late 1950s they created the Howard W. Lipman Foundation, with an initial inventory of forty sculptures and three paintings by contemporary American artists. The purpose of the foundation was to acquire significant works by emerging American sculptors and to make them available through loans or donations to various art institutions.

In 1965 the Howard W. Lipman Foundation approached the Whitney Museum of American Art with a proposal to coordinate the foundation's efforts and goals with the museum's contemporary sculpture program. The foundation offered a majority of its growing collection of sculpture and acquisition funds towards the development of the evolving permanent collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Thereafter, the Howard W. Lipman Foundation served in an advisory role to the museum's acquisitions, and the foundation supplied the necessary funds to acquire works of sculpture desired by the Whitney for its permanent collection.

In addition to their folk art and foundation collections, the Lipmans also acquired important works by Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith, through their lifelong association and friendship with these artists. Many of these pieces were retained in the Lipmans' personal collection throughout their lives.

Individually the Lipmans also expressed their interest in art through various means. Jean Lipman served as editor of Art in America magazine from 1940 to 1970, which provided her with continuous exposure to emerging artists and trends in American art. Jean Lipman's abiding interest in folk and contemporary art was also expressed through her voluminous writings. Throughout her life she wrote and edited highly acclaimed books and articles about major themes and artists in American art, and she was a recognized folk art authority and connoisseur. Some of her best known works include: The Flowering of American Folk Art; Rufus Porter, Yankee Wall Painter; and Calder's Universe.

Jean Lipman, born in 1909, was also an amateur artist in her later years, creating paintings and assemblages that often dealt with the theme of "art about art." She was represented by a gallery in New York City, as well as one in Arizona, and she had several solo exhibitions.

Howard W. Lipman, born in 1905, showed an early interest in art. By the mid 1920s he had gone to Paris to study painting, but Lipman found himself more attracted to sculpture and he began studying with a German wood carver. In the late 1930s, after returning to the New York City area, Lipman began stone carving with the Clay Club on Eighth Street, adjacent to the Whitney Museum of American Art. He was represented by a New York City gallery and participated in local exhibitions.

Deciding that his sculptural talent was not sufficient for professional pursuit, Lipman began his business career as a stockbroker in Neuberger and Berman, a prominent New York investment management firm that he helped to establish in 1939. Lipman subsequently channeled his artistic endeavors toward collecting and supporting the work of established and emerging American sculptors. He also served on the boards of both the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Archives of American Art.

Howard and Jean Lipman maintained long and close relationships with three prominent American artists: Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, and David Smith. Jean Lipman, in particular, was involved in promoting and documenting Calder and his works through numerous articles, books, and exhibitions that she helped produce as editor of the magazine Art in America and publications director for the Whitney Museum of American Art. Calder's Universe, which she edited to accompany a major Whitney Museum of American Art retrospective exhibition of his works in 1976, was considered by Calder to be his "official" biography. The book went to fourteen printings, one of the largest ever, in the history of art books.

The Lipmans were also great admirers of Louise Nevelson and her work. They purchased her artwork for their own collection, as well as donating pieces to various art museums and institutions. Jean Lipman wrote articles about Nevelson and edited the book, Nevelson's World.

David Smith and the Lipmans established a friendship in the late 1950s that lasted until Smith's untimely death in May 1965. The Lipmans purchased several Smith sculptures, which they placed on the grounds of their Wilton, Connecticut, home. They also purchased Smith works for donation to public institutions, such as the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

The Lipmans retired to Carefree, Arizona, a private residential community renowned for its sensitivity to ecologically-based, architectural design. Howard Lipman died in 1992. Jean Lipman remained active in art and community affairs until her death in 1998.
Provenance:
The papers of Howard and Jean Lipman were initially donated to the Archives of American Art by Howard and Jean Lipman from 1965-1989. Subsequent additions to the original gift were made by Jean Lipman in 1998 and by Peter and Beverly Lipman in 2001. Several small portions of these early accessions were microfilmed.

An associated gift that was originally accessioned as the Art in America Magazine Records was made by Howard and Jean Lipman from 1970-1973. This group, which largely consisted of Jean Lipman's editorial files from her years as editor of the magazine, was subsequently merged with the Howard W. and Jean Lipman records in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Primitive  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Folk art -- United States  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848, 1916-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lipmhowa
See more items in:
Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lipmhowa
Online Media:

Hudson D. Walker papers, 1920-1982

Creator:
Walker, Hudson D. (Hudson Dean), 1907-1976  Search this
Subject:
Blatas, Arbit  Search this
Benn, Ben  Search this
Biberman, Edward  Search this
Booth, Cameron  Search this
Brenson, Theodore  Search this
Browne, Byron  Search this
Cahn, Joshua Binion  Search this
Charlton, Gene  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore  Search this
Dodd, Lamar  Search this
Gaertner, Carl F. (Carl Frederick)  Search this
Greenbaum, Dorothea S.  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Jules, Mervin  Search this
Maril, Herman  Search this
Maurer, Alfred Henry  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Reeder, Dickson  Search this
Ribak, Louis  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest)  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Sokole, Miron  Search this
Sprinchorn, Carl  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
West, Clifford B.  Search this
Walker, Ione  Search this
Weeren-Griek, Hans van  Search this
Kemp, Harry  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Fuerstenburg, Eugenia M.  Search this
Fuller, Sue  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Sternberg, Harry  Search this
Botkin, Henry  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Walker Art Center  Search this
Parke-Bernet Galleries  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9261
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211456
AAA_collcode_walkhuds
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211456

Hudson D. Walker papers

Creator:
Walker, Hudson D. (Hudson Dean), 1907-1976  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Parke-Bernet Galleries  Search this
Walker Art Center  Search this
Benn, Ben, 1884-  Search this
Biberman, Edward, 1904-1986  Search this
Blatas, Arbit  Search this
Booth, Cameron, 1892-1980  Search this
Botkin, Henry, 1896-1983  Search this
Brenson, Theodore, 1893-1959  Search this
Browne, Byron, 1907-1961  Search this
Cahn, Joshua Binion, 1915-  Search this
Charlton, Gene, 1909-  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton, 1901-1980  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore, 1901-1967  Search this
Dodd, Lamar  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fuerstenburg, Eugenia M.  Search this
Fuller, Sue, 1914-  Search this
Gaertner, Carl F. (Carl Frederick), 1898-1952  Search this
Greenbaum, Dorothea S.  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
Jules, Mervin, 1912-  Search this
Kemp, Harry, 1883-1960  Search this
Maril, Herman  Search this
Maurer, Alfred Henry, 1868-1932  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Reeder, Dickson, 1912-1970  Search this
Ribak, Louis, 1902-1979  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Sokole, Miron, 1901-  Search this
Sprinchorn, Carl, 1887-1971  Search this
Sternberg, Harry, 1904-2001  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold, 1880-1958  Search this
Walker, Ione  Search this
Weeren-Griek, Hans van  Search this
West, Clifford B.  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 10 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1920-1982
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; biographical material; artists files; files on organizations; business and financial records; photographs; writings and notes; diaries; scrapbooks; appointment calendars; exhibition catalogs and announcements; printed material; and miscellany.
REELS D351-D358: Biographical material; personal and business correspondence with family, artists, museums, and art organizations; 62 artists files containing photos of works of art, printed material, and correspondence; files on the American Federation of the Arts, Artists Equity Association, the Walker Foundation, and other organizations; business and financial records; material relating to Walker's work with Elizabeth McCausland in her studies of Marsden Hartley; printed material; and photos of Walker, his family, and miscellaneous works of art. Among the correspondents are: Berenice Abbott, Ben Benn, Theodore Brenson, Gene Charlton, Philip Evergood, Joseph Hirsch, Mervin Jules, Carl Sprinchorn, Harry Sternberg, and others.
REEL 130: Correspondence with Eugenia M. Fuerstenberg, Oct. 8, 1940-Sept. 25, 1941, concerning the consignment and sale of ca. 400 Alfred Maurer paintings owned by Mrs. Fuerstenberg. One letter is from Parke-Bernet Galleries, declining to handle the paintings.
REEL 1535: 4 volumes of a diary, 1929, 1930, 1942, and 1945. The first two volumes were kept while Walker was a graduate student at Harvard, the 1942 volume covers exhibitions and artists, including Marsden Hartley, and the 1945 volume details Walker's travels in Europe after World War II. Also included are 7 letters, a valentine, and two post cards from his wife, Ione G. Walker, and a 1967 letter from Hans van Weeren-Griek.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence with Henry Botkin, Philip Evergood, Susan Fuller, Marsden Hartley, Harry Sternberg and other artists and gallery directors; letters and poems by Harry Kemp, 1948-1955; essays by Walker on Joshua B. Cahn and Marsden Hartley; a report on the Walker Art Center by William Valentiner, 1930; notes from meetings, galleries and art associations; a silk screen by Seong Moy; financial records; 2 diaries, 1938-1939; 2 appointment calendars, 1950-1951; 8 school notebooks; 3 scrapbooks; exhibition catalogs; clippings; and photos of Walker and artists Cameron Booth, Byron Browne, Gladys Rockmore Davis, Carl Gaertner, Dorothea Greenbaum, Mervin Jules, Herman Maril, Dickson Reeder, Henry Schnakenberg, Miron Sokole, Harry Sternberg, Jean Tingley and Clifford West.
Biographical / Historical:
Collector and administrator; New York, N.Y.; d. 1976.
Provenance:
Material on reels D351-D358 & unmicrofilmed donated 1966-1982 by Hudson D. and Ione G. Walker; material on reel 1535 lent for microfilming 1979 by Ione G. Walker, widow of Walker; material on reel 130 donor unspecified.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm.
Occupation:
Administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.walkhuds
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-walkhuds

Dorothy and Leo Rabkin papers, 1940-1979

Creator:
Rabkin, Leo, 1919-2015  Search this
Rabkin, Dorothy, 1922-2008  Search this
Subject:
Barnet, Will  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya  Search this
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Fine Arts Federation of New York  Search this
International Artists Association  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Art -- Societies, etc. -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5780
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208619
AAA_collcode_rabkleo
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208619

Dorothy and Leo Rabkin papers

Creator:
Rabkin, Leo  Search this
Rabkin, Dorothy, 1922-2008  Search this
Names:
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Fine Arts Federation of New York  Search this
International Artists Association  Search this
Barnet, Will, 1911-2012  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya, 1907-1981  Search this
Extent:
4.6 Linear feet ((partially filmed on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
1940-1979
Scope and Contents:
Papers relating to Leo and Dorothy Rabkin as art collectors, as well as Leo Rabkin's work in painting and sculpture and with American Abstract Artists.
Reel N69-68: Correspondence, catalogs, clippings, and photographs of Leo Rabkin and his work. Much of the material relates to the American Abstract Artsists, of which Rabkin was president.
Unmicrofilmed portion: Biographical material; exhibition, lecture, and sales files containing catalogs, announcements, correspondence, photographs of works of art, and clippings; and miscellany. Also included are records of the American Abstract Artists consisting of published histories, minutes, memorandum, membership and mailing lists, correspondence, exhibition files, and files on member-artists Ilya Bolotowsky, Will Barnet, and others, containing catalogs, photographs of art, biographical material, interviews, and clippings. Records of the U.S. Committee of the International Artists Association and the Fine Arts Federation of New York are also included.
Biographical / Historical:
Leo Rabkin (1919-2015) and Dorothy Rabkin (1922-2008) were art collectors in New York. Rabkin was also a painter and sculptor, and president of American Abstract Artists.
Provenance:
The materials filmed on reel N69-68 were originally loaned to the Archives by Leo Rabkin in 1969. They were subsequently given, along with other materials, in 1979 and 1980.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Societies, etc. -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.rabkleo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rabkleo

The Zorach Family papers, 1900-1987

Creator:
Zorach family  Search this
Subject:
Zorach, Tessim  Search this
Ipcar, Dahlov Zorach  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen  Search this
Adams, Ansel  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Partridge, Roi  Search this
Newman, Arnold  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Prints
Articles
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Notes
Writings
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artist couples  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Weavers  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6932
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209061
AAA_collcode_zorazora
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209061
Online Media:

Samuel J. Wagstaff papers, circa 1932-1985

Creator:
Wagstaff, Samuel J., 1921-1987  Search this
Subject:
Manning, Robert  Search this
Martin, Agnes  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Manning, Doreen  Search this
James, Charles  Search this
Johnson, Philip  Search this
Halprin, Anna  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Fine, Albert M.  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
De Maria, Walter  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark  Search this
Brecht, George  Search this
Byars, James Lee  Search this
Basen, Dan  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Wilson, Mary F.  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Tuttle, Richard  Search this
Saret, Alan  Search this
Roth, Dieter  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Newton, Gordon  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Drawings
Topic:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photography  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Photographs -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Fluxus (Group of artists)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6939
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209068
AAA_collcode_wagssamu
Theme:
The Art Market
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209068
Online Media:

Robert Scull papers, 1955-circa 1984, bulk 1965-1970

Creator:
Scull, Robert, 1917-1986  Search this
Subject:
Heizer, Michael  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
De Maria, Walter  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark  Search this
Samaras, Lucas  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Kuehn, Gary  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Tweddle, John  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Connecticut  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Minimal art  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6406
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215378
AAA_collcode_sculrobe
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215378
Online Media:

Henry and Rose Pearlman papers, 1893-1995, bulk 1950-1980

Creator:
Pearlman, Henry, 1895-1974  Search this
Pearlman, Rose Fried, 1901-1996  Search this
Subject:
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Pearlman, Rose  Search this
Soutine, Chaim  Search this
Degas, Edgar  Search this
Gogh, Vincent van  Search this
Cézanne, Paul  Search this
Modigliani, Amedeo  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar  Search this
The Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11129
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)247260
AAA_collcode_pearhenr
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_247260
Online Media:

Howard W. and Jean Lipman papers, 1848

Creator:
Lipman, Howard W., 1905-1992  Search this
Lipman, Jean, 1909-1998  Search this
Subject:
Huge, Jurgan Frederick  Search this
Gaylor, Wood  Search this
Lipman, Jean  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Porter, Rufus  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Primitive  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Folk art -- United States  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9145
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211339
AAA_collcode_lipmhowa
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211339
Online Media:

Joseph F. McCrindle papers, 1877-2013

Creator:
McCrindle, Joseph F., 1923-2008  Search this
Subject:
Sewell, Brian  Search this
Moffett, Odette Feder  Search this
Levey, Michael  Search this
Benedict, Pinckney  Search this
DuBourg, Antoine  Search this
Feder, Joseph Fuller  Search this
Lowe, John  Search this
Feder, Edith Mosler  Search this
Joseph F. McCrindle Foundation  Search this
Henfield Foundation  Search this
Type:
Blueprints
Photographs
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16085
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)361271
AAA_collcode_mccrjose
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_361271
Online Media:

Francis Patrick Garvan papers, 1912-1953

Creator:
Garvan, Mabel Brady  Search this
Garvan, Francis Patrick, 1875-1937  Search this
Subject:
Nutting, Wallace  Search this
Kimball, Fiske  Search this
Phillips, John Marshall  Search this
Halsey, R. T. Haines (Richard Townley Haines)  Search this
Ensko, Robert  Search this
Keough, Andrew  Search this
Jones, E. Alfred (Edward Alfred)  Search this
Day, George Parmly  Search this
Bigelow, Francis Hill  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Garvan Collection  Search this
Yale University  Search this
American Art Association  Search this
Parke-Bernet Galleries  Search this
O'Reilly's Plaza Art Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Decorative arts -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8176
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210347
AAA_collcode_garvfran
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210347
Online Media:

Lloyd Goodrich papers, 1884-1987, bulk 1927-1987

Creator:
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Subject:
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Homer, Winslow  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Newman, Elias  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Rich, Daniel Catton  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
American Art Research Council  Search this
National Council on the Arts and Government  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Association of Art Museum Directors  Search this
Artist Tenants Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art museums -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8302
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210473
AAA_collcode_goodlloy
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210473
Online Media:

Bernard Harper Friedman papers, 1926-2011, bulk 1943-2010

Creator:
Friedman, B. H. (Bernard Harper), 1926-2011  Search this
Subject:
Marca-Relli, Conrad  Search this
Leary, Timothy Francis  Search this
Kunitz, Stanley  Search this
Krasner, Lee  Search this
Knowlton, Grace  Search this
Kanovitz, Howard  Search this
Huebler, Douglas  Search this
Sandler, Irving  Search this
Scarpitta, Salvatore  Search this
Schueler, Jon  Search this
Asher, Elise  Search this
Simon, Sidney  Search this
Slivka, David  Search this
Still, Clyfford  Search this
Stout, Myron  Search this
Bluhm, Norman  Search this
Biddle, Flora Miller  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Cage, John  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Copley, William Nelson  Search this
Gray, Francine du Plessix  Search this
Hall, Joellen  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Gray, Cleve  Search this
Gill, Brendan  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
Baur, John I. H. (John Ireland Howe)  Search this
Bultman, Fritz  Search this
Richenburg, Robert  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso  Search this
Salvesen, Magda  Search this
Matter, Mercedes  Search this
Rothschild, Judith  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Roth, Philip  Search this
Rosset  Search this
McDarrah, Fred W.  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Newman, Arnold  Search this
Norman, Dorothy  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
McEwen, Rory  Search this
Provincetown Fine Arts Work Center  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Type:
Diaries
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16035
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)307197
AAA_collcode_friebern
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_307197

Raymond and Margaret Horowitz papers, 1903-2007, bulk 1960-2007

Creator:
Horowitz, Raymond J., 1916-2005  Search this
Subject:
Horowitz, Margaret  Search this
Fraad, Daniel  Search this
Magriel, Paul David  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David)  Search this
Hirschl & Adler Galleries  Search this
Babcock Galleries  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Adelson Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16223
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)369703
AAA_collcode_hororaym
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_369703
Online Media:

Lockwood de Forest papers, 1858-1980, bulk 1870-1930

Creator:
De Forest, Lockwood, 1850-1932  Search this
Subject:
Korzybski, Alfred  Search this
De Forest, Robert W. ((Robert Weeks))  Search this
Kemble, Meta  Search this
Culin, Stewart  Search this
Lewis, Anne  Search this
Heckscher Museum  Search this
Santa Barbara Museum of Art  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Drawings
Diaries
Topic:
Architects -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Interior decorators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Wood-carving  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- Santa Barbara  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7429
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209587
AAA_collcode_defolock
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209587
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ivan C. Karp, 1969 March 12

Interviewee:
Karp, Ivan C., 1926-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Artschwager, Richard  Search this
Bellamy, Richard  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Rosenquist, James  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Sonnabend, Ileana  Search this
Twombly, Cy  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Richard Green Gallery  Search this
Hansa Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
O.K. Harris Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Optical art -- United States  Search this
Pop art -- United States  Search this
Soft sculpture -- United States  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11717
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211988
AAA_collcode_karp69
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_211988
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ivan C. Karp

Interviewee:
Karp, Ivan C., 1926-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Hansa Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
O.K. Harris Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Richard Green Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artschwager, Richard, 1923-2013  Search this
Bellamy, Richard  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Rosenquist, James, 1933-  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Sonnabend, Ileana  Search this
Twombly, Cy, 1928-  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-1987  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound tape reel (Sound recordings: (2 hours 30 min.), 7 in.)
78 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound tape reels
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1969 March 12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ivan C. Karp conducted 1969 March 12, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art at the Leo Castelli Gallery.
Karp discusses the invention of the names "OK Harris" and "Green Gallery"; his work for Leo Castelli including gallery exhibitions, expenses, collectors, critics and staff; the work of Richard Artschwager, Jasper Johns, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, Cy Twombly, Gerry Vanderweil, Andy Warhol, and others; The Club; "soft art"; and the art market. He recalls Richard Bellamy, Ileana Sonnabend, Robert C. Scull, and others. Karp speaks of growing up in the boroughs of New York City, his reading and writing interests, commercial film making, his work for the Hansa Gallery and Martha Jackson, summers in Provincetown, Massachusetts, and the art scene in New York City in the late 1950s.
Biographical / Historical:
Ivan C. Karp (1926- ) is an art dealer and director of the OK Harris Gallery in New York, New York.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Optical art -- United States  Search this
Pop art -- United States  Search this
Soft sculpture -- United States  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.karp69
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-karp69

Raymond and Margaret Horowitz papers

Creator:
Horowitz, Raymond J., 1916-2005  Search this
Names:
Adelson Galleries  Search this
Babcock Galleries  Search this
Hirschl & Adler Galleries  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Fraad, Daniel  Search this
Horowitz, Margaret, 1915-2005  Search this
Magriel, Paul David, 1906-  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Extent:
5.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1903-2007
bulk 1960-2007
Summary:
The papers of collectors Raymond and Margaret Horowitz measure 5.4 linear feet and date from 1903-2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1960- 2007. The collection documents the Horowitzes' activities as collectors through art collection files, including appraisals, sales information, printed material, and photographs of artwork; files of artwork sold or donated; accession records, including inventory lists of paintings and prints; and catalog information.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of collectors Raymond and Margaret Horowitz measure 5.4 linear feet and date from 1903-2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1960- 2007. The collection documents the Horowitzes' activities as collectors through art collection files, including appraisals, sales information, printed material, and photographs of artwork; files of artwork sold or donated; accession records, including inventory lists of paintings and prints; and catalog information.

The records document the acquisitions that formed the foundation for the Raymond and Margaret Horowitz collection. Materials reflect Raymond Horowitz's long-standing relationships with dealers, galleries, and museums, including Adelson Galleries, Babcock Galleries, Daniel Fraad, Hirschl & Adler, Paul Magriel, Metropolitan Museum of Art, National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., Victor Spark, and others.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Art Collection Files, 1943-2007 (Boxes 1-3; 2.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Artwork, Sold or Donated, 1903, 1950-2003 (Boxes 3-5; 2.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Accession Records, 1959-circa 1994 (Box 5; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 4: Catalog Information, circa 1960-1967 (Box 5; 3 Folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Raymond Horowitz (1916-2005), a lifelong resident of New York City, was a founding partner in the firm Graubard Miller, where he practiced corporate law for over fifty years. Horowitz's interest in art history and art developed as an undergraduate student at Columbia College (1932-1936) where he attended lectures by the art historian, Meyer Schapiro. In 1939, Horowitz earned his jurisprudence degree from Columbia University. Shortly thereafter, he found a position as assistant Corporation Counsel of the City of New York, where he remained until 1943 when he went into private practice. In 1940, Raymond married Margaret Goldenberg.

Raymond and Margaret shared an interest in art and began collecting in the 1940s. Initially, the Horowitzes acquired drawings and pastels on a modest, informal basis. In 1961, with the purchase of a painting by Robert Henri, Raymond and Margaret began to collect early twentieth century American artists, whose work they thought had been overshadowed by the French Impressionists and the Abstract Expressionists. Raymond and Margaret Horowitz were credited as pioneers in the rediscovery and revaluation of the work of Frank Benson, William Merritt Chase, Childe Hassam, Maurice Prendergast, Theodore Robinson, John H. Twachtman, J. Alden Weir and other notable American Impressionist artists. Raymond Horowitz also acquired the works of Social Realist artists, such as Thomas Anshutz, George Bellows, William Glackens, and John Sloan. Many of the pieces from the Horowitzes' collection have been exhibited in museums and galleries in the United States and abroad. Raymond and Margaret Horowitz donated works of art to the Brooklyn Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Newark Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art; in early 2000s, they made a major gift of 49 paintings, drawings, and watercolors to the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

In September, 2005, at the age of 90 years, Raymond Horowitz died in New York.

Born in New York City in 1915, Margaret Horowitz (1915-2005) received a Bachelor of Arts degree from New York University. Encouraged by her parents to equip herself to earn a living, Margaret went on to receive a Master's Degree from Teacher's College at Fordham University in literature. Raymond Horowitz referred to Margaret as an equal partner in their collecting endeavors. At the time of her death in March, 2005, Margaret and Raymond had been married for sixty-five years.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are two oral history interviews with Raymond Horowitz, conducted 1973 January 17 by Paul Cummings and conducted 2004 October 20-November 5 by Avis Berman.
Provenance:
The papers of Raymond and Margaret Horowitz were donated in 2015 by Stephen L. Ingerman, the executor of the estate of Raymond and Margaret Horowitz.
Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Raymond and Margaret Horowitz papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Raymond and Margaret Horowitz papers, 1903-2007, bulk 1960-2007. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hororaym
See more items in:
Raymond and Margaret Horowitz papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hororaym
Online Media:

Lloyd Goodrich papers

Creator:
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Names:
American Art Research Council  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Artist Tenants Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Association of Art Museum Directors  Search this
National Council on the Arts and Government  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Dows, Olin, 1904-1981  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Newman, Elias, 1903-  Search this
Rich, Daniel Catton, 1904-1976  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
35.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Date:
1884-1987
bulk 1927-1987
Summary:
The papers of art historian, writer, and museum administrator Lloyd Goodrich measure 35.7 linear feet and date from 1884 to 1987 with the bulk of the material dating from 1927 to 1987. Materials include biographical material, extensive correspondence, writings and research files, organization and committee files, exhibition files, printed material, a scrapbook, and photographic material. The collection is particularly rich in research files on Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins, Albert Pinkham Ryder, and Reginald Marsh, as well as correspondence with additional notable artists and art figures.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art historian, writer, and museum administrator Lloyd Goodrich measure 35.7 linear feet and date from 1884 to 1987 with the bulk of the material dating from 1927 to 1987. Materials include biographical material, extensive correspondence, writings and research files, organization and committee files, exhibition files, printed material, a scrapbook, and photographic material. The collection is particularly rich in research files on Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins, Albert Pinkham Ryder, and Reginald Marsh, as well as correspondence with additional notable artists and art figures.

Scattered biographical materials include biographical sketches, an interview transcript, personal business records, documents relating to Goodrich's service on art juries, and awards and honors.

Correspondence is with friends, family, artists, museums, collectors, galleries, and arts organizations. Correspondents include The Arts Magazine, Whitney Museum of Art, Olin Dows, Philip Evergood, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Reginald Marsh, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Elias Newman, Daniel Catton Rich, and Raphael Soyer among many others. Research related correspondence arranged here concerns work on a catalogue raisonné of Winslow Homer. This material was originally arranged in the correspondence files by Goodrich prior to the later donation that included additional research files on Homer found in Series 3. There are also condolence letters from notable figures in American art.

Writings and research files include major writings, such as books and articles, and book reviews, essays, exhibition text, catalog entries, and lectures. In addition to the writings, Goodrich's research files for the writings are arranged here and include research, notes, correspondence, photographs, illustrations, printed materials, and bibliographies. There are also book agreements. There are extensive files for Goodrich's books on Winslow Homer (see also correspondence in Series 2) and Reginald Marsh; articles, catalog entries, and other writings on Winslow Homer, Albert Pinkham Ryder, Kuniyoshi, Reginald Marsh, and American art in general; lectures and talks; research files on other artists, and notes and notebooks.

Organization and committee files document Goodrich's service on boards, commissions, committees, organizations, and associations, such as the American Federation of Arts, the Association of Art Museum Directors, the Carnegie Study in American Art, the National Council on the Arts and Government, American Art Research Council, Artists Equity Association, Artist Tenants Association, the selection committee of the American National Exhibition (1959), and others are found within organization and committee files. Agendas, correspondence, meeting minutes, and printed material are found within the files.

Exhibition files are found only for several Winslow Homer shows. Printed materials include clippings, publicity materials, and printed copies of his writings. Photographic material includes scattered photographs of Goodrich and others, and extensive negatives of works of art, likely by Homer. Also found are x-rays of paintings by Ralph Blakelock.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1946-1984 (Boxes 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920-1987 (Boxes 1-3; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Research Files, 1884-1987 (Boxes 3-17, 38; 14.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Organization and Committee files, 1933-1982 (Boxes 17-31, 37; 14.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, 1944-1986 (Boxes 31-32; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1979 (Boxes 32-33; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbook, 1952-1959 (Box 33; 2 folders)

Series 8: Photographic Materials, circa 1910-1987 (Boxes 33-37; 3.1 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Lloyd Goodrich (1897-1987) was a prominent and influential art historian, writer, and director of the Whitney Museum of Art in New York City, New York, from 1958-1968.

Lloyd Goodrich was born in Nutley, New Jersey in 1897. He studied under Kenneth Hayes Miller at the Art Students League from 1913-1915 and also took courses at the National Academy of Design. Rather than pursue a career as an artist, however, he decided that his real talent was writing about art. He began his long and prolific writing career in 1923-24 and married Edith Havens in 1924. Inspired by the work and writings of European art scholars and a desire to address the need for a body of scholarship on American Art, Goodrich began to research and write about American artists Kenneth Hayes Miller, Winslow Homer, and Thomas Eakins.

Goodrich's first article on Winslow Homer was published in 1924 by The Arts, a magazine financed by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney and edited by Forbes Watson, who soon hired Goodrich as associate editor. By 1929, Goodrich was also working as assistant art critic for the New York Times while continuing work at The Arts as contributing editor. One year later, The Arts commissioned Goodrich to write a book on Kenneth Hayes Miller. And, around the same time Goodrich became interested in Thomas Eakins, and with the encouragement and financial support from his boyhood friend, artist Reginald Marsh, he began work on a monograph about Eakins.

In 1930, Goodrich joined the staff of Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney's new American art museum in New York City, the Whitney Museum of American Art. The museum provided him with the funds he needed to research and complete his book on Thomas Eakins, which he achieved in 1933. In 1935, he became curator of the museum, and associate director in 1948. He served as director from 1958-1968. The bequest of the Edward Hopper collection to the Whitney was the result of Goodrich's reputation as a scholar of Edward Hopper. After retiring, Goodrich continued his association with the Whitney as advisory director and director emeritus.

Goodrich was instrumental in starting the American Art Research Council in 1942, a group of museums devoted to collecting scholarly records about American art. He sat on the advisory panels for the New York State Council on the Arts and the Fine Arts Advisory Committee to the White House. In 1933, he was in charge of the New York regional office of the Public Works of Art Project. He also served as chairman of the National Council on the Arts and Government from 1948 to 1954 and was a major force in the creation of the National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities. He was a member of the Artists Equity Association, Artist Tenants Association, and numerous other arts organizations and a strong advocate for the promotion and support of American art and artists.

Throughout his long and distinguished career as a writer and museum administrator, Lloyd Goodrich worked to build a body of scholarship related to the history of American art and artists. He published several important monographs, including works on Thomas Eakins, Edward Hopper, Albert Pinkham Ryder, Winslow Homer, and Reginald Marsh, and organized major exhibitions about these and many other artists during his 57-year association with the Whitney Museum of American Art. At the time of his death, Goodrich was considered a preeminent figure in the American art world, and one of the foremost authorities on Eakins, Ryder, and Homer, artists on which he kept extensive research files throughout his life.

Lloyd Goodrich died March 27, 1987.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Lloyd Goodrich, 1962-1963 by Harlan Phillips for the Archives of American Art.

Additional Lloyd Goodrich papers are located at the Whitney Museum of American Art Archives, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel 4468) including a photocopy of the manuscript "Albert Pinkham Ryder: The Man and His Art," Goodrich's contribution to the book "Albert Pinkham Ryder: Painter of Dreams" co-authored with William I. Homer. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Lloyd Goodrich papers were given to the Archives of American Art in several different acquisitions. Lloyd Goodrich first donated material in 1983. David Goodrich, Lloyd Goodrich's son, gave more material between 1988 and 2007 while additional papers were lent for microfilming by William I. Homer in 1990. Finally, the Whitney Museum of American Art donated papers in 1996, and Polly Thistlethwaite gave further material in 2015.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Lloyd Goodrich papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Museum administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art museums -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lloyd Goodrich papers, 1884-1987, bulk 1927-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.goodlloy
See more items in:
Lloyd Goodrich papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-goodlloy
Online Media:

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