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Wright Brothers First Flight Story Collection [Moore]

Extent:
1.78 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Newspapers
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Wright Brothers
Date:
1903-2003
Summary:
This collection consists of approximately 1.78 cubic feet of material pertaining to Harry P. Moore and newspaper coverage of the Wright Brothers first flight on December 17, 1903.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 1.78 cubic feet of material pertaining to Harry P. Moore and newspaper coverage of the Wright Brothers first flight on December 17, 1903. Materials include a handwritten draft of Moore's newspaper article on the flight; typewritten final version of the article and copies sent to various news outlets; letters about the event by telegraph operator C. C. Grant, Virginian-Pilot newsroom chief of staff C. G. Kizer, reporter Frank S. Wing, and managing editor T. H. Lamb; news coverage of the flight including the December 19, 1903 editions of the Norfolk Public Ledger and the New York Tribune and the January 2, 1904 issue of Harper's Weekly; later news clippings regarding Moore and the Wright Brothers flight story; a letter to Moore from Orville Wright written in 1928; and a First Flight Centennial program from 2003.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by topic or sometimes type of material with items put in chronological order within folders when applicable.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright brothers inaugurated the aerial age with the world's first successful flights of a powered heavier-than-air flying machine. The Wright 1903 Flyer was the product of a sophisticated four-year program of research and development conducted by Wilbur and Orville Wright beginning in 1899. After building and testing three full-sized gliders, the Wrights' first powered airplane flew at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903, making a 12-second flight, traveling 36 m (120 ft), with Orville piloting. The best flight of the day, with Wilbur at the controls, covered 255.6 m (852 ft) in 59 seconds.

Harry P. Moore was a marine reporter for the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot who had been following the Wrights' work at Kitty Hawk based on a tip he overheard in a restaurant in September 1903. Moore asked several contacts in the U.S. Coast Guard to keep him apprised of any developments. Less than an hour after the Wrights' first successful flight on December 17, 1903, C. C. Grant, assistant weather observer at Norfolk, dispatched a message to Moore from a Coast Guardsman at Kitty Hawk about the flight. Moore worked with editor Keville Glennan on a draft of the story and began offering it to various news outlets, although only five ordered the story.
Provenance:
Steve Fritts, Gift, 2018, NASM.2018.0012
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Newspapers
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Wright Brothers First Flight Story Collection [Moore], NASM.2018.0012, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2018.0012
See more items in:
Wright Brothers First Flight Story Collection [Moore]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2018-0012
Online Media:

Wright 1903 Flyer "Operation Homecoming" Scrapbook

Creator:
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Programs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1948-1949
Summary:
This scrapbook chronicles the return of the Wright 1903 Flyer to the United States, beginning with the early negotiations with England to the reception at the Smithsonian following receipt of the aircraft.
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook chronicles the return of the Wright 1903 Flyer from the early negotiations with England to the reception following receipt of the aircraft. The scrapbook includes the following types of material: reception invitation and program; remarks from the reception; a letter sent by Harry Truman which was read during the reception; newspaper articles; and photographs, including shots of the curators setting up the display and hanging the aircraft in the National Air Museum in the North Hall of Arts and Industry Building.
Arrangement:
This collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
After disagreements with the Smithsonian Institution, Orville Wright elected to loan his Wright 1903 Flyer to the Science Museum in England. Upon his death, an agreement was reached to return to aircraft to the United States where it would be housed by the National Air Museum.
Provenance:
Prepared by the National Air Museum, Transfer, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0393
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Programs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Wright 1903 Flyer "Operation Homecoming" Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0393, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0393
See more items in:
Wright 1903 Flyer "Operation Homecoming" Scrapbook
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0393
Online Media:

1903 Wright Flyer Drawings

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Ford Motor Company.  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Names:
Ford Motor Company.  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Christman, Louis  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
9.3 Cubic feet ((3 48"x36"x3" drawers))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1928-1986
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of drawings of the 1903 Wright Flyer executed at various times during the life of the aircraft: Science Museum of London Drawings -- commissioned when the aircraft was on loan to the Museum; Ford Drawings -- sponsored by the Ford Motor Company which were supervised by Orville Wright and Charles Taylor; Christman Drawings -- drafted by Louis Christman who consulted with Orville Wright and other sources; and the National Air and Space Museum Drawings -- commissioned by the Museum during the 1985 restoration of the Wright 1903 Flyer. These drawings include three view drawings as well as both the airframe and engine components.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright 1903 Flyer holds a special place in aviation history as the vehicle in which mankind first achieved controlled, powered, and sustained flight. The Wrights made no drawings of the aircraft when they originally built it and they continuously modified the craft during flight tests. The aircraft also underwent modifications due to damage suffered following its last flight, and the reconstruction work of 1916 and 1925-1927. Thus, there will always be some doubt about the exact configuration of the aircraft during the 1903 flights.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
NASM, Science Museum of London, Ford Museum, Gift/Transfer, 1986-0152, Some NASM
Restrictions:
Some restrictions on distribution.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0152
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0152

Charles E. Taylor Collection

Creator:
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Names:
Wright-Martin Aircraft Co.  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Biographies
Date:
1928-1966
bulk 1928-1956
Scope and Contents:
This accession includes Taylor's correspondence with his son, Rueben W. Taylor, (1928-1948), and the Garrison Machine Works, (1953-1956), makers of gears used in the Wright flyer engines. The letters to Rueben Taylor are originals, while the Garrison Machine Works correspondence are mostly xerox copies. Also included are brief biographical sketches of Taylor.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Edward Taylor (1868-1956), sometimes referred to as 'the first airplane mechanic,' worked intermittently from 1901 to 1920 for Orville and Wilbur Wright and the Wright-Martin Company. Born in Nebraska in 1868, Taylor built the first engine that powered an airplane in flight, a little four-cylnder, gasoline engine which was used in the Wright 1903 Flyer at Kitty Hawk on December 17, 1903.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Charles Edward Taylor, II, Gift, 1986, 1987-0006, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Biographies
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0006
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0006

Conquest of the Skies Wright Brothers Portfolio [75th Anniversary of First Flight]

Names:
Wright Brothers  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet (One 11 by 14 inch folder.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Portfolios (groups of works)
Date:
1978
Summary:
Conquest of the Skies Wright Brothers Portfolio is the commemorative portfolio compiled by the Franklin Institute in 1978 to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the first flight by the Wright Brothers.
Scope and Contents:
Conquest of the Skies Wright Brothers Portfolio is the commemorative portfolio compiled by the Franklin Institute in 1978 to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the first flight by the Wright Brothers. The portfolio contains one 12 by 15 inch photograph of the first flight, seven 8 by 10 inch photographs of Wright gliders and flyers, two photographs of the lift balance in the wind tunnel, a 20 page historical booklet, "First Flight: the Story of Wilbur and Orville Wright's Invention of the Airplane," and reproductions of the following: May 1900 five-page letter from Wilbur Wright to Octave Chanute detailing his plans to build a flying machine; Wright's calculations made on the back of scraps of wallpaper; Wright Brothers' first patent (with drawings); telegram announcing the first flight; and the first published account of the Wrights' successful development of the airplane from "Gleanings in Bee Culture."
Arrangement:
No arrangement.
Provenance:
Leonard C. Bruno, Gift, 2019, NASM.2019.0042
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Portfolios (groups of works)
Citation:
Conquest of the Skies Wright Brothers Portfolio [75th Anniversary of First Flight], NASM.2019.0042, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0042
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0042

Gustave Whitehead Manuscript Collection [Gibbs-Smith]

Creator:
Gibbs-Smith, Charles Harvard, 1909-  Search this
Names:
Gibbs-Smith, Charles Harvard, 1909-  Search this
Whitehead, Gustave, 1874-1927  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Manuscripts
Date:
1969-1970
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of manuscripts and articles written by Charles H. Gibbs-Smith, in which he refutes Whitehead's claims. The collection contains the following manuscripts: 'The Flight Claims of Gustave Whitehead,' 'Gustave Whitehead: His Flight-Claims and his Place in History,' 'Gustave Whitehead,' 'Reflections on the Whitehead Claims to Powered Flight in 1902 and 1902,' 'An Open Letter on the Subject of the Flight-Claims of Gustave Whitehead,' and 'The Sorry Affair of Gustave Whitehead and His Alleged Powered Flight.'
Biographical / Historical:
Gustave Whitehead (1874-1927) was born in Hochst am Main, Bavaria. He immigrated to the United States and during the early 1900s experimented with aircraft design. According to his claims, he built several aircraft, which he flew several years before the Wrights' 1903 flight. Whitehead still has a number of followers trying to verify his claims.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Charles H. Gibbs-Smith, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0603, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- pre-1903  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Manuscripts
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0603
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0603

Ivan H. Driggs Collection

Names:
Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic Feet ((2 folders))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Articles
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes numerous photographs, featuring the following aircraft: Driggs Dart, Dart II, Super Dart; Luscombe Model 1 (Phantom); Monocoupe Model D-145; Forest Patrol seaplanes; Douglas World Cruiser; and the 1903 Wright Flyer. The collection also contains newspaper articles about Driggs and his designs as well as the May 1937 and January 1938 editions of Tradewind. There is also correspondence from Dorothy Driggs Baker about researching her father's work, particularly with John Underwood and Harold Morehouse. Also present is a scrapbook of articles on the death of General "Hap" Arnold in 1950.
Biographical / Historical:
Ivan Howard Driggs was an engineer, designing airplanes for several different companies over the years, eventually becoming director of the Research Division of the Bureau of Aeronautics in Washington, DC. He wrote numerous articles on airplane design and performance for different magazines, including Aviation, Flight, Aero Digest, Royal Aeronautical Society Journal, and Journal of Society of Automotive Engineers.
Provenance:
Mrs. Evan Driggs, Gift
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Attach authorities  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Douglas World Cruiser (DWC)  Search this
Bureau of Aeronautics  Search this
Driggs Dart II  Search this
Driggs (Ivan) Dart I  Search this
Luscombe Model 1 (Phantom)  Search this
Monocoupe Monocoupe Model D-145  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Articles
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Citation:
Ivan H. Driggs Collection, XXXX-0687, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0687
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0687

Wright Brothers Photomechanical Reproduction

Names:
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Patents
Date:
bulk 1906
Scope and Contents:
This donation is a photomechanical reproduction enlargement ( 17 1/8 inch by 10 3/4 inch ) of the Wright Brothers drawing of their flying machine Patent No" 821,393 sheet one (original date March 22, 1903- patent date May 22, 1906). The patent has been expertly removed from the frame and restored to a presentation level. The dimensions of the framed patent are 18.25 inches by 26 inches.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright brothers inaugurated the aerial age with the world's first successful flights of a powered heavier-than-air flying machine. The Wright Flyer was the product of a sophisticated four-year program of research and development conducted by Wilbur and Orville Wright beginning in 1899. After building and testing three full-sized gliders, the Wrights' first powered airplane flew at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903, making a 12-second flight, traveling 36 m (120 ft), with Orville piloting. The best flight of the day, with Wilbur at the controls, covered 255.6 m (852 ft) in 59 seconds. John Daniels was a crew member at the Kitty Hawk lifesaving station who took a photograph of the first flight that day.
Provenance:
Paul, John, and Eugene Keferl, Gift, Year received, 2013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Citation:
Wright Brothers Photomechanical Reproduction, Accession 2014-0003, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2014.0003
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2014-0003

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