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Albert Willibarld Seypelt Collection

Creator:
Seypelt, Albert Willibald, -1966  Search this
Names:
Fitzmaurice, James C., 1898-  Search this
Kern, George William  Search this
Seypelt, Albert Willibald, -1966  Search this
von Huenefeld, Guenther  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Cubic feet ((2 legal document boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Certificates
Motion pictures (visual works)
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Date:
1892-1941
Summary:
This collection consists of correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, and motion picture film documenting the Seypelt-Kern flight. The material also includes Seypelt's aviation licenses and certificates, as well as photographs documenting his enlistment in the German army during World War I. The collection also contains material on the first westward transatlantic flight (1928), from Ireland to Labrador by 'Bremen', a Junkers W-33 monoplane piloted by Hermann Koehl, Baron Guenther von Huenefeld, and James Fitzmaurice. The collection also contains one 16mm film on the flight of the "Yankee Doodle."
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, and motion picture film documenting the Seypelt-Kern flight. The material also includes Seypelt's aviation licenses and certificates, as well as photographs documenting his enlistment in the German army during World War I. The collection also contains material on the first westward transatlantic flight (1928), from Ireland to Labrador by 'Bremen', a Junkers W-33 monoplane piloted by Hermann Koehl, Baron Guenther von Huenefeld, and James Fitzmaurice.
Arrangement:
Arrangement: 1)Correspondence 2)Newspaper clippings on the flight of the Yankee Doodle 3)Aviation certificates, licenses, and other memorabilia 4)Photographs 5)Clippings and photographs on the flight of the Bremen
Biographical / Historical:
On October 21, 1927, Albert Willibald Seypelt (d.1966) and George William Kern began a tour of Europe in a lightweight Klemm-Daimler L-20 dubbed the 'Yankee Doodle.' Leaving from Stuttgart, Germany, the duo travelled over 6,000 miles visiting Belgium, France, Italy and Austria before returing to Stuttgart on January 20, 1928.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Gisela S. Enchelmayer, Gift, 1985, 1985-0011, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Klemm L-20 "Yankee Doodle"  Search this
Junkers W 33 Family  Search this
Junkers W 33b "Bremen"  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Genre/Form:
Certificates
Motion pictures (visual works)
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1985.0011
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1985-0011

Albert K. McCutcheon Collection

Creator:
McCutcheon, Albert K.  Search this
Extent:
0.36 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Technical manuals
Pamphlets
Date:
bulk 1940-1949
Summary:
The Albert K. McCutcheon Collection consists of the following technical manuals and pamphlets: Identification and Tactical Functions of Naval Vessels: Student's Workbook, November 1943; Naval Vessels: Identification and Tactical Functions, July 1943; "Instrument Flying, August 1943; Pilots' Information File, November 1944; Instrument Flying: Basic and Advanced, January 1944; Aircraft Recognition Manual"; German Language Guide; Pocket Guide of Uniform Insignia; Handbook for Army Air Forces Officers; Going Back to Civilian Life, August 1945; Pocket Guide to The Cities of Southern France; Digest of Civil Air Regulations for Pilots; Identification and Tactical Functions of Aircraft Germany Student's Workbook, November 1943; When You Are Overseas These Facts are Vital, July 1943; related worksheets and charts, including one for Chemical Warfare Agents. There is also a January 1945 target map of Northern Germany which shows Allied and enemy air base numbers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following technical manuals and pamphlets: Identification and Tactical Functions of Naval Vessels: Student's Workbook, November 1943; Naval Vessels: Identification and Tactical Functions, July 1943; Instrument Flying, August 1943; Pilots' Information File, November 1944; Instrument Flying: Basic and Advanced, January 1944; Aircraft Recognition Manual; German Language Guide; Pocket Guide of Uniform Insignia; Handbook for Army Air Forces Officers; Going Back to Civilian Life, August 1945; Pocket Guide to The Cities of Southern France; Digest of Civil Air Regulations for Pilots; Identification and Tactical Functions of Aircraft Germany Student's Workbook, November 1943; When You Are Overseas These Facts are Vital, July 1943; related worksheets and charts, including one for Chemical Warfare Agents. There is also a January 1945 target map of Northern Germany which shows Allied and enemy air base numbers.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Albert K. McCutcheon Collection- is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Albert K. McCutcheon served as a fighter pilot in the 362nd Flight Group, 378th Fighter Squadron during World War II. After the war, McCutcheon was a Personnel Training Officer with the 10th Depot Group in Germany.
Provenance:
Albert K. McCutcheon, Gift, 1976.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Pamphlets
Citation:
Albert K. McCutcheon Collection, Accession XXXX-1121, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1121
See more items in:
Albert K. McCutcheon Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1121
Online Media:

Captain Walter J. Seaborn World War I Collection

Creator:
Seaborn, Walter J. Captain, 1892-  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 25th Aero Squadron  Search this
Seaborn, Walter J. Captain, 1892-  Search this
Extent:
0.63 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box, 1 slim letter document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Memorandums
Reports
Photographs
Resumes
Receipts
Rosters
Date:
bulk 1917-1919
Summary:
This collection consists of original papers documenting Captain Walter Seaborn's World War I service, especially his duties relating to the Army Air Service's evaluation, procurement, and transfer of German aircraft and equipment to the United States after the war. The following types of material are included in the collection: correspondence, memorandums, reports, photographs, passenger lists, resumes, supply receipts, rosters, notes, publications, and military orders. There is also a photocopy of letters, photographs, and documents, bound in a book entitled "The Seaborn Family 1882-1972." This book contains information about Captain Seaborn and his family.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of original papers documenting Captain Walter Seaborn's World War I service, especially his duties relating to the Army Air Service's evaluation, procurement, and transfer of German aircraft and equipment to the United States after the war. The following types of material are included in the collection: correspondence, memorandums, reports, photographs, passenger lists, resumes, supply receipts, rosters, notes, publications, and military orders.
Arrangement:
The Captain Walter J. Seaborn World War I Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Captain Walter J. Seaborn (1892-19??) attended high school and the Western Military Academy in Illinois. He attended several different business schools before graduating from the University of California with a law degree in 1912. In 1917, after having held a variety of jobs and traveling, Seaborn joined the Army Air Service and was assigned to Kelly Field. He was promoted to Commanding Officer of the 25th Aero Squadron and ordered overseas, to England and then to France. In France, Seaborn worked as the Liaison Officer between the Technical Section SOS and the Zone of Advance. In 1918, Seaborn was promoted to captain and after the war he transferred to the 3rd Army where his duty was to secure types of all available German aircraft for shipment to the United States for further evaluation.
Provenance:
Helen Seaborn Hopson, Gift, 2003
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Airplanes -- Germany  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Enemy property  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Memorandums
Reports
Photographs
Resumes
Receipts
Rosters
Citation:
Captain Walter J. Seaborn World War I Collection, Accession 2003-0053, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2003.0053
See more items in:
Captain Walter J. Seaborn World War I Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2003-0053
Online Media:

Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection

Creator:
Cathcart, Donald Guthrie, 1889-  Search this
Names:
National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. Army Balloon School -- Fort Omaha, Neb.  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. Army Balloon School -- Ross Field, Cal.  Search this
Wingfoot Lighter-Than-Air Society  Search this
Cathcart, Donald Guthrie, 1889-  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1932-1965
bulk 1932-1951
Summary:
This collection consists of the following: photographs of Donald Cathcart during training at the Army Balloon schools at Arcadia, California (Ross Field) and at Ft. Omaha, Nebraska; miscellaneous material on the National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans (NAABCV) including copies of "Haul Down & Ease Off", the official publication of the NAABCV, membership lists; and several copies of the "Wingfoot Lighter than Air Society Bulletin".
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: photographs of Donald Cathcart during training at the Army Balloon schools at Arcadia, CA (Ross Field) and at Ft. Omaha, NE; miscellaneous material on the NAABCV including copies of Haul Down & Ease Off, the official publication of the NAABCV and membership lists; and several copies of the Wingfoot Lighter than Air Society Bulletin.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Donald Guthrie Cathcart [1889-1973] reported to the United States Army Balloon School in 1917. He was a free balloon pilot, an aerial observer, and flight instructor before his honorable discharge in 1920. Cathcart served at both Ross Field, Arcadia, California, and Fort Omaha, Nebraska. He was also a member of National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans (NAABCV) and the Wingfoot Lighter than Air Society.
Provenance:
Donald G. Cathcart, gift, 1964-1965, XXXX-0344, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0344, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0344
See more items in:
Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0344

Robert S. Sanford Collection

Creator:
Sanford, Robert S., 1897-1981  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 2d Pursuit Group. 139th Aero Squadron  Search this
United States. Bureau of Mines  Search this
Extent:
0.55 Cubic feet ((1 box, 1 folder in oversized box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Diaries
Photographs
Negatives
Certificates
Calendars
Place:
Alaska
Date:
bulk 1917-1970
Summary:
This collection consists of material relating to both Robert S. Sanford's World War I service and his work in Alaska with the US Bureau of Mines. The material relating to his service with the 139th Aero Squadron includes the following: a series of over 100 letters from Sanford to his family from 1917-1919, chronicling his entry into the military, training stateside, his overseas deployment and service in the Toul sector; nine photographs of Sanford in uniform or of aircraft in France; a May 4, 1918 copy of "Plane News"; and a small brown diary with entries written by Sanford from 1917 to 1918.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to both Robert Sanford's World War I service and his work in Alaska with the US Bureau of Mines. The material relating to his service with the 139th Aero Squadron includes the following: a series of over 100 letters from Sanford to his family from 1917-1919, chronicling his entry into the military, training stateside, his overseas deployment and service in the Toul sector; nine photographs of Sanford in uniform or of aircraft in France; a May 4, 1918 copy of Plane News; and a small brown diary with entries written by Sanford from 1917 to 1918. The material relating to his work with the United States Bureau of Mines includes the following: two brown notebooks containing Sanford's notes on his work in Alaska, including flying information; one notebook containing photographs of Alaska, mostly of hunting and fishing; a few letters from Sanford in Alaska to his family; negatives from Alaska; newspaper articles about Sanford's contributions to finding the Alaskan oil fields; a certificate given to Sanford for crossing the Arctic Circle as a passenger of Wien Alaska Airlines in 1945; and a 1947 Wien Alaska Airlines, Inc. calendar.
Arrangement:
The Robert S. Sanford Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert S. Sanford (1897-1981) served as an airplane mechanic for the 139th Aero Squadron during World War I. The 139th was assigned to the First Army on June 12, 1918 and engaged in the Toul Sector. They ceased operations on December 11, 1918. After the war, Sanford was employed by various private mining companies in South America, Mexico, Nevada, Colorado, Oregon, Canada and Oklahoma. He joined the US Bureau of Mines in 1940, and in 1943 was the district engineer in charge of the mineral development program in Alaska. While there, he found large oil areas on the Arctic slope. In the early 1950s, Sanford served with the State Department, on loan from the Bureau of Mines, as a mining consultant to Afghanistan, India, and Nepal. He resigned from the Bureau of Mines in 1966.
Provenance:
Bonnie Gitlin, Gift, 2004-0063
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Mining  Search this
Oil wells -- United States  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations, American -- France  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Diaries
Photographs
Negatives
Certificates
Calendars
Citation:
Robert S. Sanford Collection, Accession 2004-0063, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2004.0063
See more items in:
Robert S. Sanford Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2004-0063
Online Media:

American and Canadian Airlines Memorabilia

Names:
American Airlines  Search this
Canadian Pacific Airlines  Search this
Northwest Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Pennsylvania Central Airlines  Search this
Trans World Airlines  Search this
Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA)  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc.  Search this
Western Airlines  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet ((1 slim document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Timetables
Postcards
Brochures
Date:
1943
Summary:
This donation consists of memorabilia, mostly from 1943, from the following American and Canadian airlines: American Airlines; Canadian Pacific Airlines; Northwest Airlines; Pennsylvania Central Airlines; Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA); TWA; United Air Lines; and Western Air Lines.
Scope and Contents:
This donation consists of memorabilia, mostly from 1943, from the following American and Canadian airlines: American Airlines; Canadian Pacific Airlines; Northwest Airlines; Pennsylvania Central Airlines; Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA); TWA; United Air Lines; and Western Air Lines. The following types of memorabilia are included: souvenir route maps, souvenir flight packets, menus, baggage labels and decals, seat occupied signs, postcards, tickets, timetable schedules, comment cards, and brochures.
Arrangement:
Arranged by airline.
Biographical / Historical:
Although casual air travel virtually ceased during the conflict, World War II brought new life to the airline industry as many airlines in the Allied countries, including the United States and Canada, were flush from lease contracts to the military. Airlines immediately began working closely with the military, coordinating the transport of aircraft, cargo, and personnel around the world. A tight priority list ensured that only those serving the war effort flew.
Provenance:
J. S. Gregson, Gift, 2002, NASM.2003.0004
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Timetables
Postcards -- 1940-1960
Brochures
Citation:
American and Canadian Airlines Memorabilia, NASM.2003.0004, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2003.0004
See more items in:
American and Canadian Airlines Memorabilia
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2003-0004
Online Media:

Edgar S. Gorrell Collection

Creator:
Gorrell, Edgar S. (Edgar Staley), 1891-1945  Search this
Names:
Air Transport Association of America  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Gorrell, Edgar S. (Edgar Staley), 1891-1945  Search this
Extent:
3.95 Cubic feet (9 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Publications
Date:
1893-1943
Summary:
This collection contains documents relating mainly to Gorrell's activities as president of the Air Transportation Association of America. The materials include copies of Gorrell's addresses and Congressional testimony, as well as press clippings concerning Gorrell's activities. The collection also includes albums of World War I vintage photographs collected by or presented to Gorrell.
Scope and Contents:
The Edgar S. Gorrell Collection is largely comprised of material relating to Gorrell's career as president of the Air Transport Association of America. The material includes his correspondence and speeches, the Congressional hearings and reports for the bills he advocated, and publications and newspaper articles about him and his career. Also in the collection are several photographs and photograph albums from World War I and other miscellaneous material.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Arranged into two series:

Series 1: GENERAL. This series contains correspondence, addresses delivered by E.S. Gorrell, and publications and newspaper articles, some written by Gorrell. There are also Congressional hearings and reports, and some miscellaneous material. The documents are arranged in chronological order.

Series 2: PHOTOGRAPHS/ALBUMS. This series contains photographs and photo albums. Many of these are aerial photographs of trenches taken c. 1916 --1918, but there are also many photographs of aerial and land transport equipment.
Biographical/Historical note:
Colonel Edgar S. Gorrell (1891-1945) was a pilot and an advocate for aviation safety. He graduated from West Point in 1912 and then spent two years as an infantryman in Alaska before transferring to the Signal Corps, where he joined the 1st Aero Squadron, serving under Gen. John J. Pershing in Mexico. On one of his flying missions in Mexico, Gorrell ran out of gas and was stranded in the desert for several days before being rescued. Upon returning to his unit, he began to criticize the poor equipment US pilots were forced to use, both in terms of actual aircraft components and the signals and communication equipment used on land. In 1917 he was promoted to Captain, and in World War I he became the Chief Engineering Officer for the Air Service, and eventually the Chief of Staff for the Air Service, with the rank of Colonel. After the war, Gorrell remained in Europe representing the US at conferences and peace talks.

In March 1920, he resigned his commission in the Army and joined the automobile business. He served as the vice president of Marmon Motor Car Company until 1925. Then he became vice president, director, and general manager, and later president, of the Stutz Motor Car company of America. In January 1936, Gorrell again switched fields when he was elected the first president of the Air Transport Association of America, shortly after its conception. It was with this organization that he was known for his role in promoting safety in civil aeronautics. He was a strong advocate for the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 which provided government control and regulation of civil aeronautics, and he provided testimony before congressional committees several times. Gorrell continued to support civil aeronautics, especially through his role as president of the Air Transport Association of America, until his death, in 1945.
Provenance:
No donor information, gift, unknown, XXXX-0057
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Publications
Citation:
Edgar S. Gorrell Collection, Acc. XXXX-0057, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0057
See more items in:
Edgar S. Gorrell Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0057
Online Media:

Second Air Instructional Center (2d AIC) Photographs [Kashuba]

Creator:
Kashuba, Mathias Peter  Search this
Extent:
0.18 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1918-1919
Summary:
This collection consists of approximately 0.18 cubic feet of black and white photographs pertaining to Mathias Peter Kashuba's service at the Second Air Instructional Center (2d AIC) in Tours, France, during World War I.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 0.18 cubic feet of black and white photographs pertaining to Mathias Peter Kashuba's service at the Second Air Instructional Center (2d AIC) in Tours, France, during World War I. There is one set of captioned photographs which measure approximately 12 x 9 inches each that shows many aspects of life at Tours Aerodrome and which was likely put together by the Aerial Photography School there. These photographs show personnel, facilities, and operations on base. There are additional photographs of various sizes in the collection, many of which were possibly taken by Kashuba or his colleagues and others that are of the type generally collected by those who served in World War I. These photographs include aerial views of various areas of France, views of local citizens and notable locations, views of areas damaged by bombing, personnel, equipment, and aircraft including the SPAD XIII (S.13) and Sopwith Camel.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Mathias Peter Kashuba enlisted in the U. S. Army Air Service in December 1917. He served with the 4th Company, 2nd Regiment at the Second Air Instructional Center (2d AIC) at Tours Aerodrome, France, and was likely connected to the Aerial Photography School there. Kashuba was honorably discharged at the rank of corporal in June 1919.
Provenance:
Adam Kashuba, Gift, 2019, NASM.2019.0060
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Second Air Instructional Center (2d AIC) Photographs [Kashuba], NASM.2019.0060, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0060
See more items in:
Second Air Instructional Center (2d AIC) Photographs [Kashuba]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0060
Online Media:

World War II Hickam Field Collection [Robert "Chuck" Amrein]

Creator:
United States. Army Air Forces  Search this
Amrein, Robert "Chuck"  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1942-1945, 1992
Summary:
Robert "Chuck" Amrein served as an aircraft mechanic with the 1503rd Army Air Force Base Unit at Hickam Field, Hawaii during World War II. This collection consists of materials relating to Amrein's service with the US Army Air Force including photographs; news clippings; and military records.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of materials relating to Robert "Chuck" Amrein's service with the US Army Air Force during World War II including photographs; news clippings; and military records. There are 40 black and white photographs and picture post cards of various sizes in the collection which include images of various places in Hawaii; scenes of life and personnel at Hickam Field, Hawaii; USO performers including Kay Kyser, Diana Lewis, and Joe E. Brown; aircraft including the Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Boeing Model B-314 Clipper (USN), and Douglas R3D-2; Boeing B-29 Superfortress aircraft including Enola Gay and Bockscar; and photographs of Amrein, including one taken with his wife, Jessie Amrein (née Van Liew). There are also several photographs which are close-up views of the nose art on various aircraft including Lady from Hades; Sweet Routine; Form 1-A; Million $ Baby; Texas Kate; Mickie's Menace; Mabel's Labels; Island Girl; and Tricky Micky. The collection also includes photographs and news clippings about Gertie, a Himalayan sloth bear who was flown in a Boeing B-29 Superfortress as a mascot for missions over the Hump. Also in the collection are some of Amrein's military records including a plane pass; motor vehicle operator's permit; an off-base pass; and a US Army Air Force Introduction Card. Finally, the collection contains a flocked V-J Day card which reads, "Victory Greetings from Hawaii" that was sent by Amrein to his wife in 1945, and the fall 1992 issue of Rolling Together, the newsletter of the 4th Armored Division Association which includes Amrein's obituary.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert "Chuck" Amrein served as an aircraft mechanic with the 1503rd Army Air Force Base Unit at Hickam Field, Hawaii during World War II.
Provenance:
Patricia A. Bloodgood, Gift, 2012, NASM.2012.0038
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Boeing B-29 Superfortress  Search this
Consolidated B-24 Liberator  Search this
Bases and Installations, Hawaii, Hickam  Search this
Military records -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
World War II Hickam Field Collection [Robert "Chuck" Amrein], NASM.2012.0038, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2012.0038
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2012-0038
Online Media:

Walter E. Johnson Scrapbook

Creator:
Johnson, Florence  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Thomas Brothers Co.  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Johnson, Walter E.  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet ((1 scrapbook))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1910-1978
bulk 1910-1915
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook was kept by Johnson's wife Florence, and is a collection of photographs and newspaper clippings outlining his career. It also contains correspondence written to Mrs. Johnson concerning her husband.
Biographical / Historical:
Walter E. Johnson was a pioneer in early aviation and a World War I aviation instructor. He was also a member of the 'Early Birds,' a group recognized as flying before December 17, 1916. His first job dealing with aviation was working for Glenn H. Curtiss as a mechanic and later flying for the Thomas Brothers Aeroplane Company.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Elizabeth J. Harrison, gift, 1987, 1987-0068, not NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Flight training  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0068
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0068

Aichi D3A1 and Nakajima B5N Glass Lantern Slides

Names:
Aichi Clock and Electric Co Ltd.  Search this
Extent:
0.52 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box) (1 shoebox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Date:
1942-1943
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 27 glass lantern slides focusing on these two Japanese bombers. These aircraft were possibly flown during the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. The slides show parts of these aircraft including wings, fuselages, and wheels.
Biographical / Historical:
The Aichi D3A1, Navy Type 99 carrier bomber, was first produced by Aichi Watch and Electrical Machinery Co. in 1939. Its appearance resembled that of its American counterpart, the Douglas SBD Dauntless. The Nakajima B5N, Navy Type 97 carrier attack torpedo bomber, was very similar to Douglas Devastator (TBD).
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Unknown.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aichi D3A Val (Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber)  Search this
Nakajima B5N Kate (Navy Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0598
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0598

Edward V. Rickenbacker Microfilm Collection

Creator:
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Fokker Aircraft Corp  Search this
United States. Air Force. Military Air Transport Service  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 1st Pursuit Group. 94th Aero Squadron  Search this
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((5 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Reports
Date:
1913-1973
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two annual reports, two photograph albums, and a set of microfilm of 26 scrapbooks. The scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings chronicling Rickenbacker's aviation career. The two photo albums are as follows: 'In Commemoration of the Dedication of the Rickenbacker Foundation,' and 'The Great Silver Fleet,' which features imagery from the 1941 Georgia crash. There are also two annual reports: United Aircraft and Transport Corporation First Annual Report to Stockholders,' 1929 and 'Central Airlines Annual Report, 1965.'
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker (1890-1973) had only a sixth grade education but became a leading aviation figure in both military and civilian circles. Rickenbacker was a fighter ace during World War I, where as a member of the 94th Aero Squadron he shot down 22 German aircraft and 4 observation balloons. He became a colonel in the Army Air Reserves and during WWII helped form the Military Air Transport Services. In the civilian sector, Rickenbacker worked at several airlines, including Fokker Aircraft Corporation and American Airways, before going to work at Eastern Airlines in 1934. In 1939 Rickenbacker became Eastern's president and chairman, positions he held until 1963.
General:
Note: The physical scrapbooks were deaccessioned to Auburn University Library in 1996. The National Air and Space Museum holds a microfilm copy.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Estate of Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, unknown, 1973, XXXX-0525, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Reports
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0525
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0525

Survey of Central African Seaports and Air Routes

Topic:
Survey of Central African Seaports and Air Routes
Names:
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
United States. War Dept.  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Place:
Africa, Central
Date:
1941-1942
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four volumes of 'Survey of Central African Seaports and Air Routes.' The volumes include photographs, charts, and pages of text, gathered during 139 days of travel covering approximately 16,000 miles through Central Africa. The purpose of the survey was to assist the Departments [War? or a department in Pan Am?] in determining what seaports, routes, and services of supply should be established to bring aircraft to the desired war areas most expeditiously, i.e., increase the flow of supplies to the British Eighth Army. At one point there was, according to the preface, a book of charts which was not transferred to NASM.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
National Museum of American History, Transfer, 1996, 1996-0043, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Africa  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Identifier:
NASM.1996.0043
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1996-0043

Harry Copland Collection

Creator:
Copland, Harry Depew, 1896-1976  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Flying Service, Inc.  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
United States. Army. Air Corps. Southeast Army Air Corps  Search this
Copland, Harry Depew, 1896-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.78 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box) (3 shoeboxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Logs (records)
Glass negatives
Date:
1917-1953
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of three boxes of 4' and 3' glass slides, dating from the early 1930s. The slides are probably from 1919-1932 when Copland was an instructor and lecturer for Curtiss Flying Service, Inc. There are also seven log books chronicling both Copland's civilian and military flights (1917-1942) and numerous private and commerical pilots, mechanic, and medical licenses mostly from the 1920s-1940s. Lastly, there is a small black binder full of aerial photographs and notes, relating to a number of fields that were used for World War II training. All of the fields were part of the Southeast Army Air Corps, which included a number of civilian contract schools. Included in this notebook are lists of the officers for each school. The following fields and schools are included: Riddle Aero Inst., Florida; Lodwick School of Aero, Florida; Hawthorne School of Aeronautics, South Carolina; Tuskegee Institute, Alabama; Darr Aero Tech, Georgia; Graham Aviation Company, Georgia; Embry-Riddle Company, Florida; Lodwich Aviation Military Academy, Florida; Southeastern Air Service, South Carolina; Southern Aviation School, South Carolina; Clarksdale School of Aviation, Mississippi; South Aviation Training School, Alabama; Raymond-Richardson Aviation Co, Georgia; Helena Aero Tech, Arkansas; and Greenville Aviation School, Florida.
Biographical / Historical:
Harry Depew Copland (1896-1976) was an Early Bird, soloing in a glider in 1909 and in an airplane in 1911. His many achievements include: exhibition flights, (1911); British Blockade Runners, radio officer (1915-1916); Canadian Royal Flying Corps 203rd Squadron, 1st Lieutenant and Flight Commander (1917-1919); District Manager of the New England Flying Service in charge of Curtiss Primary School Flying Operations (1929-1932). During World War II he served at Maxwell Field, AL, and as commanding officer of the 19th AAF Basic Flying Detachment at Greenville, S.C. Copland was also involved with Altantic Airways, Inc., United Air Lines, and was the Director of Florida Aviation Department.
General:
Other materials: Two pouches which had held licenses and log books were transferred to NASM Aeronautics Division.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Harry Copland?, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0439, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Logs (records)
Glass negatives
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0439
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0439
Online Media:

Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm

Extent:
7 microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Microfilms
Date:
1945-1946
Summary:
Collection of microfilmed translations of captured German documents mainly relating to supersonic research, swept-back wings, jet-propulsion, patents, explosives, ballistics, missiles, compressors, and other aeronautical subjects.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is an incomplete set of microfilmed translations of captured German documents mainly relating to supersonic research, swept-back wings, jet-propulsion, patents, explosives, ballistics, missiles, compressors, and other aeronautical subjects. This set contains rolls 1, 3-4, 6, 8-9, and 14.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Documents are filmed in Army Air Forces Air Technical Services Command (AAF ATSC) Translation File Number order. Files numbers are in the form "CGD-#".
Biographical / Historical:
In the final days of World War II, the advancing Allied armies captured a large number of documents from the German and Japanese governments. These documents were taken to various sites in Europe and the United States for evaluation and appraisal. Those documents considered valuable were microfilmed for preservation.
Abbreviations:
AAF -- [United States] Army Air Forces

ADRC -- Air Document Research Center, USSTAF (later T-2)

AEL -- Aeronautical Engine Laboratory, Bureau of Aeronautics, United States Navy

ATSC -- Air Technical Service Command, United States Army Air Forces

AVA Göttingen -- Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt Göttingen E.V.

BuAer -- Bureau of Aeronautics, United States Navy

BuOrd -- Bureau of Ordnance, United States Navy

BuShips -- Bureau of Ships, United States Navy

DAL -- Deutsche Akademie für Luftfahrtforschung [German Academy for Aeronautical Research]

DFS -- Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug "Ernst Udet" [Ernst Udet German Glider Research Institute]

DVL -- Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt E.V. [German Avaition Research Institute]

FB -- Forschungsbericht [Research Report]

FKFS -- Forschungsinstitut für Kraftfahrwesen und Fahrzeugmotoren Stuttgart [Research Institute of Automotive Engineering and Vehicle Engines Stuttgart]

GDV -- Gasdynamische Versuchsanstalt [Gas Dynamics Research Institute]

HVP -- Heeres Versuchsanstalt Peenemünde [Army Experimental Institute, Peenemünde]

KWIS -- Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Strömungsforschung [Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Flow Research]

LFA -- Luftfahrtforschungsanstalt Hermann Göring E.V. [Hermann Göring Aviation Research Institute]

NAA -- North American Aviation

NavOrd -- Bureau of Ordnance, United States Navy

NavShips -- Bureau of Ships, United States Navy

NOL -- Naval Ordnance Laboratory, United States Navy

ONI -- Office of Naval Intelligence, United States Navy

RLM -- Reichs Luftfahrtministerium (Aviation Ministry)

UM -- Untersuchungen und Mitteilungen [Investigations and Communications]

USSTAF -- United States Strategic and Tactical Air Forces, United States Army Air Forces

VDE -- Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker [Association of German Electrical Engineers]

VDM -- Vereingte Deutsche Metallwerke

WAC -- Wright Aeronautical Corporation

WVA -- Wasserbau-Versuchsanstalt [Hydraulics Research Institute]

ZWB -- Zentrale für wissenschaftliches Berichtswesen der Luftfahrtforschung des Generalluftzeugmeisters [Central Office for Scientific Reporting of Aviation Research]
Provenance:
United States Navy?, unknown, unknown, XXXX.0408, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Jet propulsion  Search this
Airplanes -- Wings, Swept-back  Search this
Aerodynamics, supersonic  Search this
Airplanes -- Germany  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Microfilms
Citation:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm, Acc. XXXX.0408, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0408
See more items in:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0408
Online Media:

Charles Augustus Lindbergh World War II Photographs

Creator:
Lipovsky, Vincent Adam, 1919-2013.  Search this
Names:
United States. Marine Corps  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1944
Summary:
This collection contains photographs of Charles Augustus Lindbergh taken during his time in the Pacific during World War II.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of nine photographs, most of which are duplicates (there are two different images), of Charles Augustus Lindbergh taken during his time in the Pacific during World War II. The photographs are of various sizes ranging from 2.5 x 3.75 inches up to 8 x 10 inches. Both images were taken in May 1944 on the Green Islands, in the Australian Territory of New Guinea. One shows Lindbergh in the cockpit of a Vought F4U Corsair and the second is an informal group photo of Lindbergh with some members of the Marine Fighting Squadron 223 (VMF-223) who are identified as Edward Firestone, Vincent Lipovsky, and Henry Emery, taken after they all returned from a combat mission over New Britain and New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Charles Lindbergh asked to be recommissioned in the US Army Air Corps but was declined by order of the White House. Lindbergh then served as an advisor to Ford on the conversion from automobile to bomber production and later worked with United Aircraft and was sent by them to the Pacific as a technical consultant relating to Vought F4U Corsairs. While in the Pacific Theater, Lindbergh flew a number of combat missions as a civilian in both Vought F4U Corsair and Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft with various US Marine and US Army Air Corps groups including the Marine Fighting Squadrons 222 and 223 (VMF-222 and VMF-223) and the 433rd Fighter Squadron Satan's Angels.
Provenance:
Vincent A. Lipovsky, Gift, 1971, NASM.XXXX.0911
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Vought F4U Corsair Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Charles Augustus Lindbergh World War II Photographs, NASM.XXXX.0911, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0911
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0911
Online Media:

Bombardiers' Information File [Appleblood/Appleby]

Creator:
United States. Army Air Forces  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1945
Summary:
First Lieutenant Seymour Appleblood served with the US Army Air Forces (Crew 14, 9th Bombardment Group, 1st Bombardment Squadron, 313th Wing, XXI Bomber Command, 20th Air Force) in World War II as a bombardier on the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Live Wire. This collection consists of the Bombardiers' Information File issued to First Lieutenant Seymour Appleblood during his service.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the Bombardiers' Information File issued to First Lieutenant Seymour Appleblood during his service with the US Army Air Forces in World War II. The manual is dated March 1945 and contains sections on general information, fundamentals of bombing, computers, instrument calibration and navigation, autopilot information, the M-series bombsight, armament, combat bombing, and emergencies and precautions.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
First Lieutenant Seymour Appleblood served with the US Army Air Forces (Crew 14, 9th Bombardment Group, 1st Bombardment Squadron, 313th Wing, XXI Bomber Command, 20th Air Force) in World War II as a bombardier on the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Live Wire. Appleblood was stationed at Tinian, Northern Marianas Islands, from February 1945 to August 1945 and flew 35 missions, mainly to attack targets in Japan. Appleblood was awarded the bronze oak-leaf cluster to the Air Medal in July 1945 and was also awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Provenance:
Seymour Appleby, Gift, 2009, NASM.2009.0029
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Boeing B-29 Superfortress  Search this
Technical manuals  Search this
Citation:
Bombardiers' Information File [Appleblood/Appleby], NASM.2009.0029, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2009.0029
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2009-0029

Captured German Documents (World War II): Fort Eustis Library (FE) Microfilm

Creator:
United States. Army. Ordnance Department. Ordnance Research and Development Translation Center  Search this
Extent:
3.4 Cubic feet (17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilms
Date:
bulk 1938-1945
Summary:
This collection consists of microfilm copies of documents relating to research and development work conducted by the Ordnance Office of the German Army at the research station at Peenemünde, as well as document listings and indexes of those documents prepared by United States Army's Ordnance Research and Development Translation Center at Fort Eustis, VA.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of an original and use copy of the Accession List (5 volumes each), as well as Author and Subject Indexes to Volumes I through III of the Accession List, and 71 rolls of 35mm microfilm of FE documents from the Fort Eustis library.
Arrangement:
Series 1 consists of printed copies of the listings and indexes compiled by the Ordnance Research and Development Translation Center at Fort Eustis, with use-copy photocopies filed as a group before the original documents, which were printed on fragile wood-pulp paper. Entries in the Accession List are organized by a unique subject classification numbering system which is explained in the Subject Index to Volumes I, II, and III. Each entry in the Accession List provides both the original German and a translated English title for the document, publication information, an abstract, and lists the document (ARCH or FE) number.



Series 2 consists of 71 rolls of microfilmed documents. Unfortunately there is no organizing principle to the FE document microfilm, or any such organization has been lost, although most documents are separated by blank frames on the microfilm.



Not all of the FE-numbered material in the Accession List was microfilmed. The original documents were returned to Germany in the 1950s and divided between the Deutsches Museum in Munich and the Bundesarchiv in Koblenz. For more specific information on the original FE documents, as well as on other archival materials relating to the work at Peenemünde, see Michael J. Neufeld, The Rocket and the Reich: Peeneünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era (New York: Free Press, 1995). For ARCH-numbered material held by the National Air and Space Museum, see Captured German/Japanese Air Technical Documents: Peenemünde Guided Missile (PGM) Microfilm (one series of Accession NASM.XXXX.0431).
Biographical / Historical:
At the end of World War II the Allies captured a large volume of documents relating to research and development work conducted by the Ordnance Office of the German Army, including work done at the research station at Peenemünde. The material was made available to ordnance personnel and contractors to aid US research efforts and a portion was housed in a library at Fort Eustis, VA. Most of the material in the Fort Eustis library was identified by the original Peenemünde Archiv ("ARCH") number; documents not having such numbers were arbitrarily assigned Fort Eustis Library ("FE") numbers. For wider accessibility, portions of the FE material were microfilmed by the Army, while part of the ARCH material was separately microfilmed by the Navy as the Peenemünde Guided Missile (PGM) microfilm. In addition, the Ordnance Research and Development Translation Center at Fort Eustis utilized a number of qualified German Prisoners of War to review and abstract all of the library material. From these abstracts the Ordnance Department prepared a multi-volume Accession List of German Documents Pertaining to Guided Missiles, which included over 3200 documents housed in the Fort Eustis library, including both FE and ARCH documents.
Provenance:
Unknown, from Fort Eustis?, Gift, Unknown, NASM.XXXX.0468
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Ballistic missiles  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Rockets (Ordnance)  Search this
V-2 rocket  Search this
V-1 rocket  Search this
Genre/Form:
Microfilms
Citation:
Captured German Documents (World War II): Fort Eustis Library (FE) Microfilm, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0468, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0468
See more items in:
Captured German Documents (World War II): Fort Eustis Library (FE) Microfilm
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0468

Lee Ya-Ching Papers

Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Cubic feet (22 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Date:
1938-1970
Summary:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitation; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Scope and Content note:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitations; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.

Note: The digital images shown for this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product which did not reproduce all materials found in this collection; some items have not been scanned. In addition, some materials have been excluded from display due to copyright, trademark, or patent restrictions.
Arrangement:
This collection of materials listed in the finding aid is arranged into two series, Ms Lee's personal papers and her professional papers. Within each series, items are arranged by material type then chronologically. No attempt was made to translate foreign language material in the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lee Ya-Ching was born in Canton, China in 1912. As an only child who lost her mother at a young age, Ya-Ching was raised by her father and grandmother. Under her father's guidance she learned many skills, including martial arts, some previously restricted to male children. Ya-Ching attended English schools in Hong Kong and Shanghai and at the age of 16 was sent to London to attend finishing school.

In 1929 at the age of 17, Ya-Ching went to Geneva, Switzerland. It is there that she took her first ride in an airplane and vowed to learn how to fly. She enrolled in Ecole Aero Club de Suisse and, in 1934, became the first woman to receive a pilot's license from the school. Determined to continue her education, Ya-Ching went to the United States and attended the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California in 1935. In November of that year she became the first woman licensed through the Boeing School. Upon completion of her training at the Boeing school Ya-Ching returned to China and began campaigning for a Chinese pilot's license, eventually obtaining the license in 1936. Seeing a need to train new pilots, Ya-Ching and some fellow pilots opened a civilian flying school in Shanghai in 1936.

When Japan invaded China in 1937, Ya-Ching volunteered to fly for her country, but was refused. Undeterred, she served her country by establishing hospitals. Leaving Shanghai for Hong Kong just before the city fell, she was finally given the opportunity to fly for China by piloting Red Cross planes ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton. Realizing that China needed aid and supplies, Ya-Ching embarked on a Goodwill Tour of the United States and Canada in 1938. When the war prevented her return to China, Ya-Ching continued the tour expanding her appearances into South America.

Not much is known of Ya-Ching's life after the war. She returned to Hong Kong for a number of years. In the 1960's she returned to California, where she died in 1998 at the age of 86.

Time Line of Lee Ya-Ching

xxxx -- The following timeline covers key events in Ya-Ching's life, as well world events. Events involving Ya-Ching are shown in normal type world events are shown in italics.

1909 -- M. Vallon flies first plane in China

1911 -- China ousts the 2000 year old Imperial System for a Republic

April 16, 1912 -- Lee Ya-Ching is born in Canton, China

1916 -- Ya-Ching's mother dies of tuberculosis

1917 -- China enters World War 1 on the side of the Allies

1926 -- Begins career as a movie actress

1928 -- Leaves the film industry and goes to school in England

1929 -- The CCP (Chinese Communist Party) is ousted from China Goes to Switzerland

September 1931 -- Japan seizes control of Manchuria

November 1931 -- CCP resurfaces in China and forms the Chinese Soviet Republic in Jiangxi Province

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to solo across the Atlantic

1933 -- Begins flying lessons at Geneva's Cointrin-Ecole d'Aviation

1934 -- Receives her pilot's license from Ecole Aéro Club de Suisse

1935 -- Attends and receives license from the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California

1935 -- Falls out of an aerobatic plane, earning her membership in the Caterpillar Club

1936 -- Receives her pilot's license from the Chinese Government First domestic airline established in China Opens a civilian flying school in Shanghai

1937 -- Flies for the Red Cross ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton Japan invades China Earns Hong Kong commercial pilot's license Helps establish hospitals in Shanghai

1938 -- Begins goodwill tour of United States and Canada

1939 -- Appears in US film Disputed Passage with Dorothy Lamour

1940 -- Flies "Estrella China" to Caribbean, Central and South America Aids Ruth Nichols in raising money for Relief Wings

1941 -- Begins working for United China Relief

December 7, 1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1944 -- Begins Goodwill and Fund Raising tour of South America and Caribbean

August 1945 -- Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Returns to China and retires

1946 -- Fighting between CCP and KMT (Nationalist party) resumes

October 1949 -- KMT retreats to Taiwan Mao Zedong establishes the People's Republic of China

1950 -- Receives Hong Kong private pilot's license

1963 -- Receives Hong Kong Special Purpose Pilot's license

1971 -- Permanently moves to the United States

1997 -- British rule ends in Hong Kong

January 28, 1998 -- Dies at the age of 86
Provenance:
Pax Cheng and Mary Wolfson, Gift, 2007, NASM.2008.0009.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, NASM.2008.0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0009
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0009
Online Media:

Ann Wood-Kelly Photographs

Names:
British Air Transport Auxiliary  Search this
Wood-Kelly, Ann  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Cubic feet (1 legal folder.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1942 - 1945
Summary:
This collection consists of six black and white prints of Ann Wood-Kelly during her career in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), 1942 to 1945.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of six black and white prints of Ann Wood-Kelly during her career in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), 1942 to 1945.
Arrangement:
No arrangment.
Biographical / Historical:
Ann Wood-Kelly (1918 - 2006) was educated in Philadelphia, Belgium, and at D'Youville College in Buffalo, New York. She took up flying and attended ground school through the Federal Government's Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP). Initially rejected for the all-male Bowdoin College flight training program, Wood-Kelly was accepted when the twelve-person program failed to locate a twelfth male applicant. She received her pilot's license in 1939, and in a short time she became a flight instructor herself in the Bowdoin program. In 1942 Wood-Kelly was recruited by Jacqueline Cochran to become one of the twenty-four American women flyers to serve in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA). From 1942 to 1945, she ferried more than 900 planes of 75 different models to destinations in England and France. In recognition of her wartime service to the United Kingdom, Wood-Kelly was awarded the King's Medal by King George IV. After the war, she served as the First Assistant to America's first Civil Air Attaché, based at the US Embassy in London. Later Wood-Kelly returned to the United States where she held management positions for several airlines including Northeast Airlines, Pan American Airways, and Air New England. In 1964, she was appointed to the Women's Advisory Committee on Aviation by Lyndon B. Johnson. Throughout her aviation career Wood-Kelly was active in a variety of aviation organizations, including the National Aeronautic Association, the Aero Club of New England, and the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA).
Provenance:
Vince Czaplyski, Gift, 2009, NASM.2019.0044
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Citation:
Ann Wood-Kelly Photographs, NASM.2019.0044, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0044
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0044

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