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Salomon A. Andree 1896 Polar Expedition Collection

Creator:
Andrée, Salomon August, 1854-1897  Search this
Names:
Andrée, Salomon August, 1854-1897  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic feet ((2 flatboxes) (1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Publications
Scrapbooks
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
1896
Summary:
This collection consists of material relating to Salomon Andrée's unsuccessful 1896 expedition, including: two oversized prints; a photograph album labeled "Spitsbergen, 1896" which includes images of life on board the ship Virgo and the Örnen balloon; and a scrapbook containing mostly Swedish newspaper article accounts of the journey.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to Salomon Andrée's unsuccessful 1896 expedition, including: two oversized prints; a photograph album labeled "Spitsbergen, 1896" which includes images of life on board the ship Virgo and the Örnen balloon; and a scrapbook containing mostly Swedish newspaper article accounts of the journey.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Salomon A. Andrée 1896 Polar Expedition Collection-- is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Salomon August Andrée (1854-1897) was a pupil at the Technical Institute in Stockholm. During the 1870s and 1880s, Andrée became interested in both ballooning and meteorological and physical research in polar regions. In 1893, Andrée bought his first balloon and undertook various ascents, and by 1895 had put forth his plans for a balloon flight over the North Pole. The expedition was planned for the summer of 1896, but after reaching Spitsbergen, unfavorable weather conditions caused the flight to be canceled. Thus, the expedition commenced the following summer. Three days after takeoff, the balloon was forced to land, and the men - Andréee, Nils Strindberg, and Knut Fraenkel - spent six weeks trying to return to Spitsbergen before perishing. The remains of their last camp were not found until 1930.
Provenance:
Peter Gustafson, gift, 1993, 1994-0007, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Publications
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Salomon A. Andrée 1896 Polar Expedition Collection, Acc. NASM.1994.0007####, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1994.0007
See more items in:
Salomon A. Andree 1896 Polar Expedition Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1994-0007
Online Media:

James Means Collection

Topic:
Aeronautical Annuals (annual)
Creator:
Means, James, 1853-1920  Search this
Names:
Aerial Experiment Association  Search this
Aero Club of America  Search this
Aero Club of Washington  Search this
Aeronautic Society of New York  Search this
United States. Army. Signal Corps  Search this
Chanute, Octave, 1832-1910  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Lilienthal, Otto  Search this
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924  Search this
Maxim, Hiram S., 1840-1916  Search this
Means, James, 1853-1920  Search this
Zahm, Albert Francis, 1862-  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Cubic feet ((4 legal document boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Publications
Photographs
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Date:
1892-1913
bulk 1895-1897
Summary:
James Means (1855-1920) was an American industrialist who sacrificed his business to devote himself to the promotion of aviation. The collection consists of correspondence, publications, photographs, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of correspondence and scrapbooks. The correspondence is arranged into 15 sub-series: Aerial Experiment Association, Aero Club of America, Aero Club of Washington, Aeronautic Society of New York, Aeronautical Annuals, Octave Chanute and his daughters, Glenn Curtiss, House Resolution #7653, Ernest Jones, Otto Lilienthal, Henry Cabot Lodge, Hiram Maxim, Technical Matters, U.S. Signal Corps, and Albert Zahm. Of the three scrapbooks, one is a photograph album containing early glider photos and travel postcards. The second contains photos and news clippings regarding aviation in the 1890's, especially the work of Langley and Maxim with kites, balloons, and aerial bicycles. Clippings are in English, French, Spanish, Italian, German and Dutch. The third scrapbook is labeled 'James Means 1892' and consists of photos, letters, manuscripts, clippings in English and German, copies of legislation, and book excerpts.

Note: The digital images shown for this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product which did not reproduce all materials found in this collection; some items have not been scanned.
Arrangement:
The James Means Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
James Means (1855-1920) was an American industrialist who sacrificed his business to devote himself to the promotion of aviation. Determined to disseminate information on flying, he collected and edited the most significant works of Otto Lilienthal, Octave Chanute, Samuel Langley and others, producing the 'Aeronautical Annuals' which appeared in 3 volumes in 1895, 1896 and 1897. Dr. Means studied bird-flight, kites and gliders, and designed model gliders in the early 1890s. He was awarded patents for his aircraft smoke signal device (1909), his aircraft launcher (1909), and his simplified control column for airplanes (1909-1911).
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
James H. Means, gift, unknown, XXXX-0394, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- pre-1903  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airships  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Kites  Search this
Gliding and soaring  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Publications
Photographs
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Citation:
James Means Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0394, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0394
See more items in:
James Means Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0394
Online Media:

Jay B. Benton Scrapbook

Creator:
Benton, Jay B.  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Articles
Date:
bulk 1909-1913
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of one 272 page scrapbook of newspaper articles, photographs of Jay B. Benton, photographs of his balloon, and photographs taken from the balloon. The articles are from various periodicals including Boston Evening Transcript, Boston Post, Boston Herald, Boston Daily Globe, The Republican, New York Times, The Rochester Herald, The Rutland Herald, and Springfield Union. The articles center on Benton's balloon flights, balloon flight in general, freemasonry, and other topics concerning Benton, his life, and his interests. This scrapbook bears the title "Up in a Balloon, Thrilling Experiences of Jay B. Benton," and was completed and rebound by Benton's nephew, Jay R. Benton, on September 12, 1929.
Biographical / Historical:
Jay B. Benton was born on April 10, 1870 in Winchester, Massachusetts. He graduated from St. Johnsbury Academy in Vermont in 1885, and five years later graduated from Dartmouth College. Later in 1890, Benton made his way to Boston where he found a job as a reporter for The Boston Evening Transcript. After four years with The Boston Evening Transcript, Benton accepted a position with The Boston Journal as assistant managing editor. Benton sought his pilot's license in 1909 as his interest in ballooning increased, and was the fourth member of the Aero Club of New England to receive his pilot's license. In 1912, Benton and William van Sleet flew the balloon Springfield from Pittsfield, Massachusetts to Pittston, Maine, a distance of 220 miles. During this excursion, the pair established a new record for the longest balloon flight in New England and received an award for maintaining equilibrium. Benton participated in many adventures and mishaps during the pioneer days of balloon flight, and he faithfully recorded his travels and the balloon travels of others through his position as a reporter. Benton was a member of the the Aero club of New England, the Society of Freemasons, the Press Club, the Newspaper Club, and the Papyrus Club.
Provenance:
Unknown, Gift?, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Balloons  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Balloons -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Articles
Citation:
Jay B. Benton Scrapbook, Accession number XXXX-0777, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0777
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0777

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