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Cyrus Bettis Collection [Shuart]

Topic:
United States. Army. Air Service
Names:
Bettis, Cyrus  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Cubic feet (One flat box and one letter document box.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographic prints
Date:
1893 - 1926 (1925-26)
Summary:
This collection documents Cyrus Bettis' aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consist of the following types of material documenting Cyrus Bettis' aviation career: photographs, both portraits and snapshots; 1925 National Air Race program; correspondence; newspapers; a scrapbook containing newspaper articles; transcript of radio address; caricature of Bettis; and 1st day covers.
Arrangement:
Arrangment by type.
Biographical / Historical:
Cyrus Bettis (1893-1926) was one of the leading Army Air Service pursuit pilots in the early to mid-1920s. Born in Carsonville, Michigan, Bettis entered the Army as a flying cadet in February 1918. He attended the school of Military Aeronautics at the University of Illinois and was sent to Camp Dick, Dallas, Texas in April of that year. He finished his flight training and was commissioned second lieutenant, Air Service (Aeronautics) on September 11, 1918. On July 1, 1920, Bettis was commissioned in the Regular Army and promoted to first lieutenant. During the International Air Races in 1924, Lt. Bettis won the John L. Mitchell Trophy Race. Bettis won the October 1925 Pulitzer Trophy competition and established a world record of 249,342 miles per hour, flying the Curtiss R3C-2 Racer in its land plane configuration. Bettis was also the backup pilot for the 1925 Schneider Trophy competition and flew the R3C extensively in its float plane configuration. Bettis, along with Lt. James Doolittle, was awarded the Mackay Trophy for 1925. Bettis died at the Walter Reed General Hospital in Washington, DC on September 1, 1926, as a result of injures he received in an aircraft accident on August 23, 1926, when in heavy fog he crashed into a mountainside near Bellefonte, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
Stuart and Martha S. Lehman, Gift, 2018, NASM.2018.0066
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Curtiss CR-3 Racer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographic prints
Citation:
Cyrus Bettis Collection [Shuart], NASM.2018.0066, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2018.0066
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2018-0066

Jack McRae Aviation Photography Collection

Creator:
McRae, Jack  Search this
Names:
McRae, Jack  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
[ca. 1920s-1930s]
Summary:
The Jack McRae Aviation Photography Collection consists of seven scrapbooks containing a large number of mostly black and white photographs. A preponderance of the images were taken in the New York Metropolitan area and relate to general aviation in the 1920s and 1930s. Racers (many which are one of a kind) and military aircraft are also featured. Most of the photos seem to have been taken by Jack McRae, but there are also many gathered from other sources, most notably the Air Force and Wright Field Collections.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of seven scrapbooks containing a large number of mostly black and white photographs. A preponderance of the images were taken in the New York Metropolitan area and relate to general aviation in the 1920s and 1930s. Racers (many which are one of a kind) and military aircraft are also featured. Most of the photos seem to have been taken by Jack McRae, but there are also many gathered from other sources, most notably the Air Force and Wright Field Collections.
Arrangement:
The Jack McRae Aviation Photography Collection is arranged in the original order of each scrapbook.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Jack McRae; Cradle of Aviation Museum, Transfer from Cradle of Aviation Museum, Garden City, NY, 1999, 1999-0058, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Jack McRae Aviation Photography Collection, Acc. NASM.1999.0058YEAR.####, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0058
See more items in:
Jack McRae Aviation Photography Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0058
Online Media:

Airline Ephemera Collection [Pullman]

Creator:
Pullman, Henry W.  Search this
Names:
Pullman, Henry W.  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1928-1956
bulk [ca. 1930s-1940s]
Summary:
This collection consists of the following ephemeral items documenting Pullman's travels: photographs and postcards, including three images of Wolfgang von Gronau's Dornier Wal; certificates - one "Jupiter Rex," for crossing the equator and one "Clipper Club," for flying around the world; and a red 10x13" scrapbook containing baggage labels, postcards, menus, guest lists, hotel and travel literature, decals, and tickets and napkins which were souvenirs from events and places he visited during his travels. A technical manual for Air-Ground Communication, December 2, 1941, was also donated as was a souvenir edition of "Plane News: Air Service Paper of the A.E.F.", January 25, 1919; a roster and photograph of the Ordnance Detachment, A.F. in G., Metternich, Germany, distributed on the occasion of a Thanksgiving Dinner, November 25, 1925; five July, 1938 images relating to Pan Am Philippine Clipper trip number 222; four World War I era images and one portrait of a young pilot in parachute harness.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following ephemeral items documenting Pullman's travels: photographs and postcards, including three images of Wolfgang von Gronau's Dornier Wal; certificates - one "Jupiter Rex," for crossing the equator and one "Clipper Club," for flying around the world; and a red 10x13" scrapbook containing baggage labels, postcards, menus, guest lists, hotel and travel literature, decals, and tickets and napkins which were souvenirs from events and places he visited during his travels. A technical manual for Air-Ground Communication, December 2, 1941, was also donated as was a souvenir edition of "Plane News: Air Service Paper of the A.E.F.", January 25, 1919; a roster and photograph of the Ordnance Detachment, A.F. in G., Metternich, Germany, distributed on the occasion of a Thanksgiving Dinner, November 25, 1925; five July, 1938 images relating to Pan Am Philippine Clipper trip number 222; four World War I era images and one portrait of a young pilot in parachute harness.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Airline Ephemera Collection [Pullman]-- is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Henry W. Pullman's job as the export manager for a major oil tool company required him to travel extensively from the late 1920s to the 1950s. Pullman used the following airlines in his travels: Trans World Airlines (TWA); Pan American Airways; Royal Dutch Air Lines (KLM); Royal Netherlands Indies Airways; and American Airlines.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Henry Pullman, gift, 1993, NASM.1993.0018
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Dornier Do J Wal (Whale)(Do 16)  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Airline Ephemera Collection [Pullman], Acc. NASM.1993.0018, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0018
See more items in:
Airline Ephemera Collection [Pullman]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0018
Online Media:

Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base Photographs [Malone]

Creator:
Malone, Michael Francis,, 1946-  Search this
Names:
Hope, Bob, 1903-2003  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Newspaper clippings
Date:
bulk 1966-1967
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four photo albums filled with images from Michael Francis Malone's time at Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. They are all spiral bound and measure approximately 10 by 12 inches. In addition to photographs, the albums contain business cards; receipts; news clippings; and other ephemera. One album features hand-painted artwork on the cover. The collection also contains forty-three 35mm Kodachrome slides in original cardboard mounts, and a small selection of loose color and black and white prints of various sizes (the largest of which measures 8 by 10 inches). Images in the collection show various scenes on base; views of Malone on duty; aircraft; various sites in Thailand; various Thai citizens; and a number of images of a United Service Organizations (USO) show held at the base. Aircraft shown in the photographs include the North American T-39A (CT-39A) Sabreliner; Douglas B-66 Destroyer; Republic F-105 Thunderchief; Boeing KC-135; North American F-86 Sabre; Lockheed C-130 Hercules; and the McDonnell F-4 (F4H) Phantom II. Notable entertainers shown in the photographs include Bob Hope; Phyllis Diller; Joey Heatherton; Anita Bryant; Les Brown & His Band of Renown; and Vic Damone. Finally, the collection contains a small selection of Malone's military records and a few news clippings.
Biographical / Historical:
Michael Francis Malone was a military police officer with the 355th Air Police Squadron and was stationed at Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand from October 1966 to September 1967. While at Takhli, Malone took a number of photographs and also received additional photographs from a friend in the base's photo lab. One notable event during Mr. Malone's time at Takhli was a United Service Organizations (USO) appearance by Bob Hope. Mr. Malone retired from the military in August 1968 but served in the Air National Guard from the late 1980s until 2003. Malone was also a ranger with the National Park Service for 28 years.
Provenance:
Michael Malone, Gift, 2016
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Republic F-105 Thunderchief Family  Search this
North American F-86 Sabre Family  Search this
Lockheed C-130 Hercules Family  Search this
McDonnell F-4 (F4H) Phantom II Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base Photographs [Malone], Acc. 2016-0030, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0030
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0030

Paul R. Stockton Scrapbook

Creator:
Stockton, Paul R., 1880-1919  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
New York. National Guard. First Aero Company  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 12th Aero Squadron  Search this
Richthofen, Manfred, Freiherr von, 1892-1918  Search this
Stockton, Paul R., 1880-1919  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1916-1919
Scope and Contents:
This collection provides extensive documentation on the flying career of Paul R. Stockton from his entry into the New York Air National Guard through his service in France and Germany and eventual discharge in 1919. Included in this collection is documentation of the activies, personnel and equipment of Stockton's squadron, as well as are excellent aerial photographs of airplanes and before and after photographs of target areas. Many of the photographs show Marie, the Belgian police dog Stockton raised during the war. (Marie later appeared in motion pictures with Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino and others). One image is purportedly from one of the aircraft of Baron von Richtofen's "Flying Circus." Also included in this scrapbook are certificates of Stockton's appointments to corporal and to 1st lieutenant, hotel menus, copies of leaflets dropped by US aviators behind the German lines, examples of European currency, train and bus tickets, fabric swatches from aircraft, Stockton's pilot license and other such ephemera.
Biographical / Historical:
Paul R. Stockton (1880-1962) enlisted in the Signal Corps from 1906-1909 and served in Cuba and Puerto Rico. He made his first flight in 1916 as a member of the First Aero Company, New York State National Guard at Mineola, New York. In 1917 Stockton was ordered overseas and served as the Commanding Officer of the 12th Aero Squadron of the American Expeditionary Forces. Stockton was discharged in 1919, and was later a member of the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, gift, unknown, XXXX-0283, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0283
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0283
Online Media:

James W. Brody Collection

Creator:
Brody, James W.  Search this
Names:
Ellington Field, Texas  Search this
Brody, James W.  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1918-1919
Summary:
The James W. Brody Collection contains a 1918 yearbook from Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, and a scrapbook belonging to Brody which contains personal snapshots and photographs of World War I aircraft and pilots.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains a 1918 yearbook from Ellington Field, Houston, Texas and a scrapbook belonging to Brody which contains personal snapshots and photographs of World War I aircraft and pilots.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The James W. Brody Collection is arranged in its original order.
Biographical / Historical:
James W. Brody was a private in the US Army Air Service during World War I. In 1918 he was stationed at Ellington Field, Texas and was discharged from service in 1919.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
George W. Charlton, gift, 1988, 1988-0116.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Citation:
James W. Brody Collection, Acc. NASM.1988.0116####, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1988.0116
See more items in:
James W. Brody Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1988-0116
Online Media:

Ellington Field Albums

Names:
Ellington Field, Texas  Search this
Guynemer, Georges, 1894-1917  Search this
Extent:
0.46 Cubic feet ((2 flatboxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1917-1918
Summary:
The Ellington Field Albums Collection consists of scrapbooks of photographs taken in and around Ellington Field, Texas, during World War I. The photographs document troop training, equipment, and facilities at the field. The scrapbooks also include photographs taken at ceremonies commemorating the death of the French ace Georges Guynemer in 1917.
Scope and Contents:
The Ellington Field Albums Collection consists of scrapbooks of photographs taken in and around Ellington Field, Texas, during World War I. The photographs document troop training, equipment, and facilities at the field. The scrapbooks also include photographs taken at ceremonies commemorating the death of the French ace Georges Guynemer in 1917.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
W. H. Frank, Gift, XXXX-0342.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Ellington Field Albums Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0342, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0342
See more items in:
Ellington Field Albums
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0342
Online Media:

William J. Hammer Collection

Creator:
Hammer, William J. (William Joseph), 1858-1934 (electrical engineer)  Search this
Names:
Hudson-Fulton Celebration (1909)  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Hammer, William J. (William Joseph), 1858-1934 (electrical engineer)  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
5.66 Cubic feet (13 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Publications
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1881-1934
bulk 1905-1915
Summary:
The collection is the result of Major Hammer's passion for amassing material related to aeronautics and technology, and it is arranged into eleven series: articles, clippings, correspondence, drawings and blueprints, leaflets, legislation, minutes, miscellaneous, photographs, programs and publications. Housed in 23 folders, the correspondence is the most comprehensive series, reflecting the original order which grouped the letters into series by topic. Much of the correspondence concerns the planning of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration of 1909, and the involvement of Wilbur Wright and Glenn Curtiss. There is also a scrapbook of black and white photographs providing front and side views of specified airplanes. Each page has 3 photos showing different views of the same plane accompanied by a label with additional information. (See written copy for details. Also, please see information written on 8x11 notebook paper.)
Scope and Contents:
The William J. Hammer Collection reflects Hammer's great interest in aeronautics --a passion he cultivated for several decades by accumulating a veritable storehouse of materials. Hammer's important contributions to the early development of aviation are also evident in this collection.

The collection of materials listed in the finding aid is arranged into two series. The first series includes correspondence, reports, handbooks, drawings, brochures, programs, leaflets, magazines, articles, newspaper clippings and miscellaneous materials. The second series is comprised of photographs of various sizes, scrapbooks, scrapbook pages and miscellaneous materials (the front pages of newspapers, certificates, posters, etc.).

Hammer's papers are arranged both chronologically and alphabetically. Correspondence, drawings, brochures, programs, leaflets, miscellaneous materials, scrapbook pages, articles and newspaper clippings are organized by the former method. Reports, handbooks, magazines and booklets are grouped alphabetically by either title of publication or author. Photographs are arranged either by subject or chronologically.

The reader should note that at some point, Hammer produced a series of large format photographs. These mounted photographs are duplicates. Due to the very fragile condition of these particular images, the photographs and are not available to researchers.

Additional photographic material regarding Hammer Collection photographs can be found in the NASM Archives Images database. An Archives staff member will assist you with research using this database.

Box 13 of the William J. Hammer Collection has not been scanned.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The William J. Hammer Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical/Historical note:
William J. Hammer was born in Cressona, Pennsylvania, on February 26, 1858, was an associate of Thomas Edison and an early aviation supporter and enthusiast. He began his career as an assistant to Edward Weston of the Weston Malleable Nickel Company. In 1879, he moved on to a new position as laboratory assistant to Thomas Edison at Menlo Park, New Jersey. His duties ranged from aiding in conducting experiments on such devices as the phonograph, telephone and ore separator to acting as Edison's key person in further developing the incandescent electric lamp. By 1880, he was made chief engineer of the Edison Lamp Works. A year later, Edison dispatched Hammer to London to be chief engineer of the English Electric Light Company. In this position, he helped construct the Holborn Viaduct Central Electric Light Station in London. This was the first central station ever built for incandescent electric lighting. In 1883, Hammer became chief engineer for the German Edison Company. This task included planning and supervising the construction of all Edison plants in Germany. He returned to the United States late in the following year and acted as chief inspector of central stations of the parent Edison Electric Light Company. In 1886-87, Hammer was general manager and chief engineer of the Boston Edison Electric Illuminating Company. In 1888, he worked as an independent engineer and supervised the completion of the then-largest isolated electric lighting plant, located at the Ponce de Leon Hotel in St. Augustine, Florida. During that year, Hammer also was chosen as consulting electrical engineer to the Cincinnati Centennial Exposition. Subsequently, Edison selected him as his personal representative to the Paris Exposition of 1889. This assignment rounded out Hammer's eleven years with Edison. During his time as one of Edison's most trusted and important employees, Hammer devised a number of innovations to the incandescent electric lamp. He designed and built the first electric sign, which spelled out the name "Edison". While in Germany, he invented the automatic motor-driven flashing electric lamp sign. This particular sign flashed the word "Edison" letter by letter and then all at once. At the International Electrical Exhibition, held in Philadelphia in 1884, Hammer also constructed the first flashing column of electric lights.

Upon his return to the U.S. in 1890, Hammer worked as an independent consulting electrical engineer by assisting in a variety of electrical projects, carrying out tests, giving lectures and providing expert testimony in patent disputes. He based this modest enterprise in an office in New York City and continued in this occupation until 1925. His career as an electrical engineering consultant was interrupted by World War I. In June 1918, he was commissioned a major in the U.S. Army. He was assigned to the Inventions Section of the War Plans Division of the General Staff in charge of Aeronautical and Electrical Inventions at the Army War College, Washington, D.C.. By December of that year, he was attached to the Operations Division General Staff at the War Department (Inventions Section). During the war and on into 1919, Hammer also worked for the U.S. Patent Office by identifying any aviation-related patents likely to convey too much information to potential enemies. In conjunction with his War Department duties, he acted as a member of the Advisory Board of Experts affiliated with the Alien Property Commission.

Busy as he was with his private consulting work, Hammer also immersed himself in other scientific activities. He took a particular interest in radium after visiting Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris in 1902. The two discoverers of radium gave him some samples of this substance. Soon after returning to the United States, Hammer experimented with radium. His research yielded numerous useful applications for this material such as radium-luminous powders and paints that were used to coat everything from watch and clock dials to aeronautical instruments, switches and toys. Hammer also advocated the use of radium for cancer and tumor treatment. Beyond his interest in this material, he invented selenium light-sensitive cells and recommended many practical uses for them. He also conducted a great deal of laboratory work on X-rays, ultraviolet and cathode rays, phosphorescence and wireless communications. Accordingly, he lectured and published extensively on many of these fields of research and study.

Hand in hand with his overall interest in science and technology, Hammer had a particular passion for aeronautics. Beyond paying careful attention to the rapid progress made in this field at the turn of the twentieth century, he also played an active role as participant and supporter. He made his first balloon flight over France during the Paris Exposition of 1889. His last lighter-than-air journey took place in 1931 aboard the U.S. Navy dirigible Los Angeles. Moreover, he attended and officiated over many balloon, airship and airplane exhibitions and races. Hammer was a member of the Aero Club of America and a director of the Aeronautical Society. This latter group made the first ever purchase of an airplane in January 1909. He served as expert and secretary of the Aeronautics Committee on the Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission of 1909 and wrote the contracts for Wilbur Wright and Glenn Curtiss to fly their airplanes for this event. This occasion in New York was important as it marked the first time a large gathering of people in the U.S. witnessed heavier-than-air powered flight. As a friend of the Wright brothers, Hammer testified as an expert witness on their behalf during various patent litigation suits. His contact with aviation pioneers went beyond the Wrights and Curtiss. He also knew and interacted with, among others, Samuel Langley, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Henri Farman and Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin. Even his work with radium had applications for aviation. Hammer developed radium-based luminous compounds and used them on aircraft instruments so pilots could more easily view their cockpits' dials and gauges.

Hammer's last years were filled with serving as Historian General of the Military Order of the World War, as well as participating in many scientific, engineering and aeronautical committees and societies. During this time, he was the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the Elliott Cresson Gold Medal, John Scott Medal from the Franklin Institute and the Cross of the Legion of Honor from France. Up until his death on March 24, 1934, he also labored in his efforts to organize a vast personal collection of rare and valuable scientific artifacts, photographs and other materials accumulated since his days with Edison. Following Hammer's death, this important collection was left in the care of his daughter Mabel (his wife of twelve years, Alice, having died in 1906). Some years later, International Business Machines (IBM) acquired it. In 1962, IBM donated the William J. Hammer Scientific Collection to the Smithsonian Institution. The bulk of the collection resides with the National Museum of American History's Archives Center. In the mid 1980s, the aeronautical portion of this collection was transferred to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives.
Provenance:
IBM (Mr. William J. Hammer Collection), gift, 1961, XXXX-0074, not NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Publications
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
William J. Hammer Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0074, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0074
See more items in:
William J. Hammer Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0074
Online Media:

Romanian Air Meet Scrapbook

Names:
Standard Oil Company  Search this
Standard Oil Company. Stanavo Aviation Engine Oil  Search this
Carol II, King of Romania  Search this
Marie, Queen of Romania  Search this
Nicholae, Prince of Romania  Search this
Extent:
0.18 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
Circa 1930
Summary:
This scrapbook contains photographs of an air meet in Romania, circa 1930, with Romanian, Czechoslovakian, and Italian pilots and aircraft.
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook contains photographs of an air meet in Romania, circa 1930, with Romanian, Czechoslovakian, and Italian pilots and aircraft. The scrapbook features many photographs of Romanian King Carol II, his mother Queen Marie, and his younger brother Prince Nicholas (Nicolae) at the air meet, as well as other Romanian and foreign dignitaries. A Romanian woman parachute jumper and a Romanian "air ace," both unnamed, also appear. The scrapbook includes photographs of Standard Oil booths and refueling trucks. The cover of the scrapbook bears the logo of "Stanavo Aviation Engine Oil," the aviation arm of Standard Oil.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
In about 1930, an air meet was held in Romania which was attended by Romanian King Carol II, his mother Queen Marie, and his younger brother Prince Nicholas (Nicolae). The event featured aviators from Romania as well as those from other countries such as Italy.
Provenance:
Edward Zell, Transfer, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0306.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Romania  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Italy  Search this
Airplanes -- Romania  Search this
Airplanes -- Czechoslovakia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Romanian Air Meet Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0306, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0306
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0306
Online Media:

James V. Martin Scrapbook

Creator:
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co.  Search this
Harvard Aeronautical Society  Search this
Harvard Boston Aero Meet  Search this
Manufacturers Aircraft Association  Search this
Martin Aeroplane Co (Martin, James Vernon)  Search this
Martin Aeroplane Factory (Martin, James Vernon)  Search this
United States. Merchant Marine  Search this
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956  Search this
Martin, Lilly Irvine  Search this
Extent:
0.56 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1910-1956
bulk 1910-1916
Summary:
This scrapbook consists of newspaper clippings and photos of James V. Martin's aviation exploits, 1910-1916. of the 1910 - 1916 era.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists mainly of newspaper clippings, and photos of his exploits of the 1910 - 1916 era. Among these are his proposed crossing of the Atlantic in 1912, aerial bombing demonstrations, invention of the Martin Aerodynamic Stabilizer, and early form of autopilot. Also included are newspaper clippings of his wife, Lilly Irvine Martin, who was reported to be the first woman aviator to fly solo.
Arrangement:
No arrangement, just one item.
Biographical / Historical:
James Vernon Martin (1885-1956) was an aviator and inventor during the early days of aviation. He joined the Merchant Marine (1900) before attending the University of Virginia and Harvard (graduate degree, 1912). While at Harvard he organized the Harvard Aeronautical Society (1910), served as its first director, and, through the Society, organized the first international air meet in the United States (1910). He traveled to England in January 1911 for flight training and received Royal Aero Club F.A.I. Certificate #55. After returning to the U.S. in June 1911, he traveled the exhibition circuit (1911-13) before rejoining the Merchant Marine as commander of USS Lake Frey (1914). During 1915 he flew flight test for the Aeromarine Co. In 1917, he formed the Martin Aeroplane Company in Elyria, OH on the strength of nine aeronautical patents, including his automatic stabilizer (1916) and retractable landing gear (1916). In 1920 he moved the concern to Dayton, OH as Martin Enterprises and offered free use of his patents to the American aeronautical industry. He moved to Garden City (Long Island), NY in 1922, called the company the Martin Aeroplane Factory, and, two years later, sued the United States government and the Manufacturers Aeronautical Association, claiming that they conspired to monopolize the aviation industry. The suit was dismissed in 1926, but Martin continued to press his claims of collusion through the 1930s. During World War II he again returned to the sea, commanding a troop transport in the Pacific. Afterwards he tried to raise interest in a large catamaran flying boat, the Martin 'Oceanplane', but failed in the face of the growth in commercial trans-ocean service by conventional aircraft.
Provenance:
Edna Jahn, Gift, 1963, NASM.XXXX.0236
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aircraft industry -- United States  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
James V. Martin Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0236, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0236
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0236
Online Media:

C. F. Ritchel Ballooning Scrapbook

Creator:
Ritchel, Charles Francis  Search this
Names:
Ritchel, Charles Francis  Search this
Extent:
0.47 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patents
Articles
Scrapbooks
Date:
1878-1901
Summary:
Charles Francis Ritchel was a mechanic and general inventor, who by the mid-1880s claimed to have obtained 150 patents for various devices. This scrapbook consists of material relating to Ritchel's flights and activities between 1878 and 1901.
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook consists of material relating to Ritchel's flights and activities between 1878 and 1901, including his patent for propelling an airship by foot pedals. Also included are articles relating to his other inventions.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Francis Ritchel was a mechanic and general inventor, who by the mid-1880s claimed to have obtained 150 patents on such devices ranging from windup toy motors, to his boring machine used in the manufacture of brushes, to his airship experiments.
Provenance:
Paul E. Garber, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0325, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- pre-1903  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Airships -- pre-1903  Search this
Airships  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Articles
Scrapbooks
Citation:
C. F. Ritchel Ballooning Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0325, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0325
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0325
Online Media:

Wright 1903 Flyer "Operation Homecoming" Scrapbook

Creator:
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Programs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1948-1949
Summary:
This scrapbook chronicles the return of the Wright 1903 Flyer to the United States, beginning with the early negotiations with England to the reception at the Smithsonian following receipt of the aircraft.
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook chronicles the return of the Wright 1903 Flyer from the early negotiations with England to the reception following receipt of the aircraft. The scrapbook includes the following types of material: reception invitation and program; remarks from the reception; a letter sent by Harry Truman which was read during the reception; newspaper articles; and photographs, including shots of the curators setting up the display and hanging the aircraft in the National Air Museum in the North Hall of Arts and Industry Building.
Arrangement:
This collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
After disagreements with the Smithsonian Institution, Orville Wright elected to loan his Wright 1903 Flyer to the Science Museum in England. Upon his death, an agreement was reached to return to aircraft to the United States where it would be housed by the National Air Museum.
Provenance:
Prepared by the National Air Museum, Transfer, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0393
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Programs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Wright 1903 Flyer "Operation Homecoming" Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0393, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0393
See more items in:
Wright 1903 Flyer "Operation Homecoming" Scrapbook
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0393
Online Media:

Ernest Smith/Emory Bronte Flight Scrapbook

Creator:
Smith, Ernest, 1907-1975 (Seneca)  Search this
Bronte, Emory  Search this
Names:
Bronte, Emory  Search this
Smith, Ernest, 1907-1975 (Seneca)  Search this
Extent:
1.11 Cubic feet (1 flatbox, 1 folder, and 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Photographs
Correspondence
Scrapbooks
Date:
1917-1934
bulk 1927
Summary:
On July 14-15, 1927, Ernest Smith and Emory Bronte made the first civilian transpacific flight from California to Hawaii. This collection includes a scrapbook that chronicles their flight, a map of the Hawaiian islands, and a letter from President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Emory Bronte.
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook, covered with Tahitian tapa cloth, chronicles the Smith-Bronte historic flight and consists of the following: including 30 letters; 23 telegrams; 197 photographs; 357 news articles; and 20 miscellaneous items. The collection also includes a map of the Hawaiian islands, dated August 1917, that was used by Smith and Bronte on their flight; and a letter from President Franklin D. Roosevelt presenting Emory B. Bronte with the honor of the "Distinguished Flying Cross," dated 6 September 1934.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged by type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
On July 14-15, 1927, Ernest Smith and Emory Bronte made the first civilian transpacific flight from California to Hawaii in their Travelair City of Oakland. Although they planned to land in Honolulu, problems with the gasoline pump and radio receiving apparatus forced them to crash-land in Molakai.
Provenance:
Unknown, Gift?, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0389.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Travel Air aircraft family  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Transpacific flights  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Photographs
Correspondence
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Ernest Smith/Emory Bronte Flight Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0389, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0389
See more items in:
Ernest Smith/Emory Bronte Flight Scrapbook
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0389
Online Media:

Evan J. Parker Scrapbook

Creator:
Parker, Evan Jenkins, 1885-1966  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Strobel Dirigible Co.  Search this
Parker, Evan Jenkins, 1885-1966  Search this
Extent:
328 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Programs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1908-1966
Summary:
This collection consists of a red scrapbook, with the following title: "Pioneer Dirigible Flights 1908, 1910, 1911." The scrapbook contains photographs, newspaper articles and programs documenting Evan Jenkins Parker's dirigible career and his involvement in the Early Birds.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a red scrapbook, with the following title: "Pioneer Dirigible Flights 1908, 1910, 1911." The scrapbook contains photographs, newspaper articles and programs documenting Evan Jenkins Parker's dirigible career and his involvement in the Early Birds including views of flights made at numerous events in Kansas, Missouri, Washington, Utah, Idaho, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maryland, Texas, Florida, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Virginia, as well as Canada and Puerto Rico. The scrapbook also contains a chronology of Parker's career which includes descriptions of the airships he worked on and piloted and a list of the flights he made as well as a biographical statement chronicling his life. There are also event invitations and programs pertaining to the donation of an Early Birds plaque to the Smithsonian Institution, the dedication of the Early Birds Monument on Governor's Island, New York, and a booklet about an Early Birds mural painted by Justin C. Gruelle.
Arrangement:
This collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Evan Jenkins Parker (1885-1966), a pioneer dirigible pilot, made his first solo flight in a dirigible at Hutchinson, Kansas in 1908 and until 1911 he flew at county fairs and other exhibitions in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico. Parker worked for Charles J. Strobel, a designer and manufacturer of airships, who also scheduled their appearance at various events. During his work with Strobel, Parker both constructed and flew dirigibles. He had several close calls, including when the airship crashed into a roller coaster and electrical wires. When he was 27, Parker ended his professional flying career and went to work for the Eastman Kodak Company. Parker was a member of the Early Birds.
Provenance:
Evan Parker, through the Early Birds, Gift, 1966?, NASM.XXXX.0348.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airships  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Evan J. Parker Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0348, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0348
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0348
Online Media:

United States Army Around the World Trip (Leslie Arnold) Collection

Creator:
Arnold, Leslie P.  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service  Search this
Arnold, Leslie P.  Search this
Extent:
1.32 Cubic feet (2 legal document boxes and 1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Maps
Diaries
Date:
1924
Summary:
In 1924, as a lieutenant in the Army Air Service, Leslie P. Arnold was a crew member in one of the three Army planes that flew 27,000 miles around the world in 175 days. This collection consists of Leslie Arnold's handwritten diary and annotated navigational charts of the journey as well as a scrapbook with images of the trip including the aircraft, gasoline tanks, pilot crew, and air-to air shots.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of Leslie Arnold's handwritten diary and annotated navigational charts of the journey. The collection also contains the following: an autographed photograph; a Signal Corps message; an advertisement for Mobil oil; a page from 'Illustrated Current News;' and a black scrapbook with images of the trip including the aircraft, gasoline tanks, pilot crew, and air-to air shots. Some of the photographs in the scrapbook are snapshots while others were taken by news agencies.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
In 1924, as a lieutenant in the Army Air Service, Leslie P. Arnold was a crew member in one of the three Army planes that flew 27,000 miles around the world in 175 days. Arnold joined the Army in 1917 where he served for eleven years. During his service, he spent time in France during World War I and was part of General William Mitchell's group that conducted tests to prove that battleships could be sunk by aerial bombardment. After the 1924 trip, Arnold worked for a variety of airlines: Transcontinental Air Transport; Pennsylvania Central Airlines and Eastern Air Lines.
Provenance:
Leslie Arnold?, Gift?, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0518.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Douglas World Cruiser (DWC)  Search this
Endurance flights  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Flights  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Flights around the world  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Maps
Diaries
Citation:
United States Army Around the World Trip (Leslie Arnold) Collection, NASM.XXXX.0518, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0518
See more items in:
United States Army Around the World Trip (Leslie Arnold) Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0518
Online Media:

James H. Doolittle Scrapbooks

Creator:
Doolittle, James Harold, 1896-1993  Search this
Names:
Shell Oil Company. Aviation Dept.  Search this
United States. Air Force. 12th Air Force  Search this
United States. Air Force. 15th Air Force  Search this
United States. Air Force. 8th Air Force  Search this
Doolittle, James Harold, 1896-1993  Search this
Extent:
10 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1903-1969
bulk 1920-1950
Summary:
This collection includes twelve photograph albums and loose photographs covering Doolittle's varied aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes twelve photograph albums and loose photographs covering Doolittle's varied aviation career, including images from Doolittle's trips to South America.
Arrangement:
There are two Series: Scrapbooks and Loose Photographs. Dates, condition, and a brief description of item-level content are listed below.
Biographical/Historical note:
James H. Doolittle's (1896-1993) piloting career spanned military aviation history and his professional contributions to the aviation field, especially in the area of instrument flying, made a lasting impact. Doolittle became an Army aviator in 1917 and received a Doctor of Science in Aeronautical Engineering degree from MIT in 1925. During the 1920s and 1930s, Doolittle won many speed, cross-country and transcontinental records and trophies and is often referred to as the "Father of Instrument Flying," because he demonstrated "instrument only flight" in 1929. He left the military in 1930 to become manager of Shell Oil Company's aviation department, but returned to the Army during World War II. During World War II, Doolittle led the first raid on the Japanese mainland in 1942, and was later promoted to the commander of the 12th, 15th, and 8th Air Forces. He returned to civilian life in 1946 and served as a trustee of aviation and space companies and as a member of numerous organizational and government boards, panels, and committees.
Provenance:
Transfer from National Air and Space Museum Aeronautics Division, 1973, NASM.XXXX.0501
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
James H. Doolittle Scrapbooks, NASM.XXXX.0501, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0501
See more items in:
James H. Doolittle Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0501
Online Media:

New York City Aerial Photographs

Creator:
Fairchild Aerial Surveys  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Aerial photographs
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
Circa 1929-1931
Summary:
This collection consists of two scrapbooks containing aerial views of the New York City area with related newspaper clippings.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two scrapbooks containing aerial views of the New York City area with related newspaper clippings. The aerial views, which were taken by Fairchild Aerial Surveys, Inc. and reproduced in an unidentified publication, showcase prominent city locations. The photographs are numerically arranged as if in a feature series, and each photograph has the caption "Around New York in an Airplane," followed by the location and a textual description of that area. The first scrapbook contains entries 1-100 and the second scrapbook has entries 101-154 (some numbers are not included). The second scrapbook also contains additional clippings that show other views of the New York City area.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
The Fairchild group of companies grew out of the aerial photography interests of Sherman M. Fairchild. Fairchild developed the first synchronized camera shutter and flash in 1916 and in 1919 developed a specialized camera for the purpose of aerial photography that featured a between-the-lens shutter. By 1924, Fairchild had established Fairchild Aerial Surveys, Inc. which secured contracts to photo-map various areas, including New York City. The photography produced by Fairchild Aerial Surveys, Inc. was used for a variety of applications including city planning, tax appraisal work, and geological surveys, and the company also introduced many types of equipment pertaining to aerial photography. Fairchild Aerial Surveys, Inc. went out of business in 1965.
Provenance:
No donor information, unknown, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0043
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aerial photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Aerial Photographs
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Citation:
New York City Aerial Photographs, NASM.XXXX.0043, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0043
See more items in:
New York City Aerial Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0043
Online Media:

Roland Rohlfs Scrapbook

Creator:
Rohlfs, Roland  Search this
Names:
Aerial Advertising Company  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Administration  Search this
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Rohlfs, Roland  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Date:
1914-1973
bulk 1919-1931
Summary:
A scrapbook and photographs documenting Roland Rohlf's aviaiton career.
Scope and Contents:
A scrapbook records Rohlfs' career and includes correspondence, telegrams, programs, and newspaper articles. Loose photographs were reproduced on NASM Archives Videodisc 2B, and include family photographs as well as subjects relating to Rohlfs' career as described above.
Arrangement:
Photographs located in Videodisc Files; scrapbook is a single item.
Biographical / Historical:
Roland Rohlfs started his career establishing motorcycle records in 1914, before turning to the field of aviation. Rohlfs became an instructor and experimental test pilot with Curtiss Aeroplane Company during World War I, and he established speed and altitude records. Because of his popularity, he endorsed advertisements for such items as watches, spark plugs, parachutes and cars. In 1928, Rohlfs developed and patented an aerial neon sign, and established the Aerial Advertising Company to administer it. Toward the end of his career, he promoted private flying as a "Personal Flying Specialist" for the Civil Aviation Authority and he was an operations manager for Aeromarine Airways. Rohlfs was a member of the Early Birds.
Provenance:
Roland Rohlfs, Gift, Unknown, NASM.XXXX.0278
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Test pilots -- United States  Search this
Test pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Citation:
Roland Rohlfs Collection, NASM.XXXX.0278, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0278
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0278

Charles F. Walsh Scrapbooks

Creator:
Walsh, Charles, 1877-1912  Search this
Names:
Aero Club of America  Search this
Beachey, Lincoln  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Ely, Eugene.  Search this
Havens, Beckwith.  Search this
Extent:
0.88 Cubic feet (2 flat boxes and 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Tickets
Blueprints
Date:
1903-1945
bulk 1909-1912
Summary:
This collection chronicles the exploits of Charles F. Walsh during the years 1909-1912. There are five scrapbooks and three packets of information.
Scope and Contents:
This collection chronicles the exploits of Charles F. Walsh during the years 1909-1912, including the following: numerous photos of the Walsh 1911 Silver Dart, Curtiss biplanes and aircraft engines; photos of personalities such as Lincoln Beachey, Glenn Curtiss, Thomas Sopwith, Eugene Ely, John McCurdy, and Beckwith Havens; an original drawing of the Silver Dart dated 1908; miscellaneous memorabilia including a business card, tickets to air shows, benefits, and state fairs during 1911-1912; Walsh's Aero Club of California and Aero Club of America licenses; and a ticket to the Panama-California Exposition of 1915.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged according to type of material; albums are arranged according to size of enclosure required to safely house them.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles F. Walsh (1877-1912) is credited with being the first man in California to build a practical flyable airplane, the Walsh 1911 Silver Dart, and received Pilot's License No. 1 issued by the Aero Club of California. Walsh was taught to fly by Lincoln Beachey in 1909, and he quickly gained fame as an aviator, travelling throughout the US and Cuba from 1910 through 1912. Walsh flew as an exhibition pilot for the Curtiss Company and was killed October 3, 1912 when his plane experienced structural failure at Trenton, New Jersey.
Provenance:
Frank E. Martin, Gift, 1968
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Walsh 1911 Silver Dart  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Tickets
Blueprints
Citation:
Charles F. Walsh Scrapbooks, NASM.XXXX.0046, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0046
See more items in:
Charles F. Walsh Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0046
Online Media:

Frank Coffyn Scrapbooks and Photo Albums

Creator:
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Names:
Michigan Aero Club  Search this
Wright Flying Team  Search this
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Thompson, Lewis Eugene  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Cubic feet (4 flatboxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1911-1932
Summary:
Frank Coffyn (1878-1960) was a pioneer flyer and aviation consultant. Coffyn learned to fly from the Wright Brothers in Dayton Ohio, and was a member of the original Wright Flying Team. This collection consists of scrapbooks and photo albums documenting his career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of five scrapbooks. Scrapbook A contains photographs and newspaper clippings relating to Coffyn's visit to the aviation meet of the Michigan Aero Club on June 19-23, 1911. Scrapbook B is comprised of newspaper clippings pertaining to Coffyn's flights in various parts of the U. S. during the year 1912. Scrapbook C is a photo album covering the years 1910-1932, with photos labeled by subject and date. This scrapbook contains some images of a model B Wright Biplane. Book D includes photographs of Coffyn in New York harbor, images of the Lachapelle Gliding Boat, a photo and letter from portrait artist Lewis Eugene Thompson, and a Halcyon Caravel ship photo. Book E is a photo album containing images of Coffyn and a Burgess Flying Boat in 1913.
Arrangement:
Scrapbooks/photo albums have been arranged according to size of enclosure required to safely house each item.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Coffyn (1878-1960) was a pioneer flyer and aviation consultant. Coffyn learned to fly from the Wright Brothers in Dayton Ohio, and was a member of the original Wright Flying Team.
Provenance:
Frank Coffyn, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0065
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Burgess Aircraft Family  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Frank Coffyn Scrapbooks and Photo Albums, NASM.XXXX.0065, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0065
See more items in:
Frank Coffyn Scrapbooks and Photo Albums
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0065
Online Media:

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