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Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka

Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Extent:
95.02 Cubic feet (188 legal size boxes; 5 15 x 12 x 3 flat boxes; 1 16 x 20 x 3 flat box; 4 12 x 8 x 5 shoeboxes)
88.55 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1932-2012
bulk 1950-2008
Summary:
Sir Arthur C. Clarke is one of the preeminent science-fiction writers of the 20th century.
Scope and Contents:
Contains personal and business correspondence, manuscripts of most of Clarke's fiction works in various draft states, short stories, articles, addresses, speeches, movie outlines, Apollo 11 broadcast material, datebooks & notebooks, reference materials, business cards of visitors & contacts, photos & slides. There is some material by people other than the creator such as manuscripts and film/TV scripts.

This collection also includes audio-visual material. Please contact the Media Archivist for access.
Arrangement:
Series were based on the creator's original arrangement of material.

Arranged into 7 Series:

Series 1: Correspondence

Series 2: Original Writing

2.1: "Clarkives"

2.2: Non-"Clarkives"

2.3: Articles, Short Stories

2.4: Lectures, Speeches

Series 3: Media & Publicity

Series 4: Awards & Tributes

Series 5: Manuscripts written by others relating to Clarke's Literary Works

Series 6: Miscellaneous

Series 7: Images

7.1: Photos

7.2: Slide Albums
Biographical / Historical:
Born on December 16, 1917, in Minehead, England, Arthur Charles Clarke became obsessed with science fiction and astronomy at a young age. He was the eldest of four children born into a farming family, however he would become, with his brother Fred Clarke acting as a business associate, one of the leading names in science fiction.

During World War II Clarke served as a radar instructor and in his free time became one of the early members of the British Interplanetary Society. In 1945, Clarke made one of his earliest predictions (he called them "extrapolations") when he came up with the idea of communication satellites. He became known for this uncanny prescience which is seen in so much of his work.

In 1948 Clarke graduated from King's College, London with honors in math and physics. By 1951, Clarke had gained respect as both a fiction and non-fiction writer with Interplanatary Flight and Prelude to Space, respectively.

In 1956, Clarke emigrated to Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon, where he could indulge a new obsession - skin diving. He remained in Sri Lanka for the rest of his life, creating a diving company and funding many science education programs in the country.

Perhaps Clarke's most recognizable feat came when he was able to work with Stanly Kubrick over a course of 4 years in order to create the book and film 2001: A Space Odyssey which was loosely based on the earlier Clarke story "The Sentinel."

Clarke accomplished an amazing amount of writing, speaking tours, TV appearances and humantarian work despite suffering from post-polio syndrome for decades. He won numerous awards, mostly for his science fiction but also for popularizing science. He was knighted in 1998. He died, age 90, March 19, 2008.
Provenance:
Arthur C. Clarke Trust, gift, 2014
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Underwater archaeology -- 1960's  Search this
nonfiction novels  Search this
Interplanetary voyages  Search this
Artificial satellites  Search this
Manned space flight  Search this
Apollo 11 Flight  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Science fiction  Search this
Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0010
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0010
Online Media:

Correspondence (Folder 3 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 19, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
April - June 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref1416

Correspondence (Folder 2 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
July - August 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref1417

Correspondence (Folder 3 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
July - August 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref1418

Correspondence (Folder 2 of 2)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
September - October 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref1419

Correspondence (Folder 1 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
July - August 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref68

Correspondence (Folder 1 of 2)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
September - October 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref69

Correspondence (Folder 1 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
November - December 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref70

Correspondence (Folder 2 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 21, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
November - December 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref1420

Correspondence (Folder 3 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 21, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
November - December 1978
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref1421

Helmut von Zborowski Photo Album

Creator:
von Zborowski, Helmut Philip  Search this
Names:
Bayerische Motoren Werke  Search this
Bureau Technique Zborowski  Search this
Societe d'Etudes de la Propulsion par Reaction (SEPR)  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Photographs
Albums
Date:
1939-1960
Scope and Contents:
This album 10 x 7 inches and contains 88 original photographs, taken from 1939 to 1960, of many of Zborowski's rocket, jet and coleopter projects, as well as 6 printed drawings.
Biographical / Historical:
Helmut Philip von Zborowski was a significant figure in early rocket and jet engine development. A contemporary of Werner von Braun, Zborowski worked on rocket and jet development for BMW during World War II, afterwards going to France and serving as a research engineer for the Société d'Etudes de la Propulsion par Réaction (SEPR). Zborowski later founded his own company, Bureau Technique Zborowski.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Stefan and Sylvia Eihhorn, Purchase, 2001, 2001-0060, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Coanda effect  Search this
Vertically rising aircraft  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Research  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Rocket engines  Search this
Airplanes -- Jet propulsion  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Albums
Identifier:
NASM.2001.0060
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2001-0060

Short Brothers Aircraft Photo Album

Creator:
Short Brothers Ltd.  Search this
Names:
Short Brothers (Rochester & Bedford) Ltd.  Search this
Short Brothers Ltd.  Search this
Short, Albert Eustace  Search this
Short, Horace Leonard  Search this
Short, Hugh Oswald  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Albums
Date:
1908-1944
Scope and Contents:
'A Photographic Record of 'Short' Aircraft Designed & Constructed by Short Brothers (Rochester & Bedford) Ltd. in the Period 1908-1944.' Album contains 69 photographs by V. E. Galloway with historical descriptive text by L. Stedman. The introduction which starts the album gives a brief overview of the history of the British aircraft manufacturing company of Short Brothers from its inception through 1944. Its author describes the contents of the album as follows: 'The pages that follow contain a pictorial record of aircraft types produced since 1908... an ancestral line of which the firm of Short Brothers may feel justly proud.'
Biographical / Historical:
In November 1908, Hugh Oswald, Albert Eustace, and Horace Leonard Short established Short Brothers Ltd to build Wright aircraft under license in England. In 1919 the name was revised to Short Brothers (Rochester & Bedford) Ltd. In 1936 Short Brothers convinced the British Air Ministry to establish a new factory in Belfast and established Short & Harland Ltd, jointly owned by Short Brothers and Harland & Wolff, to manage the plant. In November 1947 Short Brothers and Short & Harland merged to form Short Brothers & Harland Ltd of Belfast. In June 1977 the company readopted the name Short Brothers Ltd. By the 1980s, 100% of the company stock was held by the British Government and, in 1984, the company was renamed Short Brothers PLC. In October 1989 the company was purchased by Bombardier Inc of Canada to become the European Group of Bombardier Aerospace, although the company still operates under the Short Brothers name.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Institution of the Aeronautical Sciences, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0538, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft industry  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Short Brothers Aircraft Family  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Albums
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0538
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0538

Wright Aeronautical Company, Paterson, New Jersey, Factory Construction Photographs

Names:
Wright Aeronautical Corp  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Albums
Date:
1927-1928
Scope and Contents:
No aviation topics are illustrated in this collection. The photographs do give excellent views of construction techniques (such as reinforced concrete construction) and equipment in use in the 1927-1928 period, including numerous steam shovels and a very large stationary crane. The backgrounds of the photographs give very good views of the railroad lines running along one side of the site (many showing steam engines pulling trains) and of the Paterson neighborhoods surrounding the site. All photographs are exterior views, with the sole exception of photo no. 1095-16, which is an interior view.
Biographical / Historical:
This small album contains a series of 86 photographs depicting the construction by the John W. Ferguson Company of factory buildings at a site in Paterson, New Jersey, for the Wright Aeronautical Company. Photographs were taken by an unknown photographer during the period of December 4, 1927 through November 17, 1928, and are of excellent quality. The photographs are grouped sequentially and chronologically into four different 'contract' series; each series would appear to record the construction of a different building or subgroup of buildings on the site.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Found in collection, 1/4/1999, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0606, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft industry  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Construction industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Albums
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0606
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0606

Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album

Creator:
Stupe, Albert  Search this
Stupe, Willy  Search this
Names:
Boelcke, Oswald, 1891-1916  Search this
Brandenburg, Ernst, 1883-1952  Search this
Hindenburg, Paul von, 1847-1934  Search this
Kaiser Wilhelm II  Search this
Richthofen, Manfred, Freiherr von, 1892-1918  Search this
Stupe, Albert  Search this
Stupe, Willy  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Date:
1895-1919
Summary:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album (acc. 1991.0037) shows German soldiers in both formal and informal settings; living quarters and airfields; airplanes and the bombs they dropped; and the towns in which the military installments were situated. A variety of aircraft and high profile personalities also appear in this album.
Scope and Contents:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album contains photographs of soldiers of the 95th and 135th Infantry Regiments. The photographs record soldier life in both formal and informal settings, showing their living quarters and airfields; the airplanes they flew and the bombs they dropped; as well as the towns in which the airfields were situated. Several pages are dedicated to Kampfgeschwader 3, the England-Geschwader. It was this bomber squadron, under the command of Captain Ernst Brandenburg, that was responsible for the bombing of London by airplanes, an achievement which earned both Captain Brandenburg and his successor, Captain Rudolf Kleine, the Pour le Mérite.

A variety of aircraft also appear in this album, including: Gotha G.IV, Fokker E.II, LFG Roland, and LVG C.III. A number of images document the visits of high-profile German personalities to the units--Kaiser Wilhelm, General von Hindenberg, and Germany's most famous ace, Baron von Richthofen--while several photographs memorialize the funeral of flying ace Oswald Boelcke.
Arrangement:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album is in its original order. A group of ten postcards in folder two (acc. 1991.0054) are in no particular order.
Biographical/Historical note:
Willy Stupe (1889-1951) and his younger brother Albert (1891-1917) were born in Coburg, Germany, where they also began their military service. The brothers both served in the 95th Infantry Regiment (6th Thuringian) at some point during their military careers. Leutnant Albert Stupe was a decorated officer, having received two Iron Crosses and other combat medals. World War I German casualty lists for 1914-1919 show that Albert, who is said to have been a pilot, was killed in action on July 31, 1917.

Willy spent some of his military service as a paymaster and is said to have served in a motorcycle unit. He immigrated to the United States in 1921, declaring (as Willy Stuppe) his intentions be become an American citizen. Willy lived out the rest of his days with his wife, Cora Caesar, working as a merchant in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, area until his death in 1951.
Provenance:
Kevin B. Skinner, Gift, 1991, 1991.0037, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Germany  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
LFG Roland Family  Search this
Fokker E.II (M 14)  Search this
Gotha G.IV  Search this
LVG C.III  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Germany  Search this
War -- World War I soldiers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums
Photographs
Citation:
Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album, Acc. 1991.0037, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0037
See more items in:
Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0037
Online Media:

Edward V. Rickenbacker Microfilm Collection

Creator:
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Fokker Aircraft Corp  Search this
United States. Air Force. Military Air Transport Service  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 1st Pursuit Group. 94th Aero Squadron  Search this
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((5 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Reports
Date:
1913-1973
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two annual reports, two photograph albums, and a set of microfilm of 26 scrapbooks. The scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings chronicling Rickenbacker's aviation career. The two photo albums are as follows: 'In Commemoration of the Dedication of the Rickenbacker Foundation,' and 'The Great Silver Fleet,' which features imagery from the 1941 Georgia crash. There are also two annual reports: United Aircraft and Transport Corporation First Annual Report to Stockholders,' 1929 and 'Central Airlines Annual Report, 1965.'
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker (1890-1973) had only a sixth grade education but became a leading aviation figure in both military and civilian circles. Rickenbacker was a fighter ace during World War I, where as a member of the 94th Aero Squadron he shot down 22 German aircraft and 4 observation balloons. He became a colonel in the Army Air Reserves and during WWII helped form the Military Air Transport Services. In the civilian sector, Rickenbacker worked at several airlines, including Fokker Aircraft Corporation and American Airways, before going to work at Eastern Airlines in 1934. In 1939 Rickenbacker became Eastern's president and chairman, positions he held until 1963.
General:
Note: The physical scrapbooks were deaccessioned to Auburn University Library in 1996. The National Air and Space Museum holds a microfilm copy.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Estate of Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, unknown, 1973, XXXX-0525, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Reports
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0525
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0525

Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)

Names:
Campbell, Kim  Search this
Custodio, Olga E.  Search this
Deal, Sarah M.  Search this
Duckworth, Tammy, 1968-  Search this
Engel, Connie  Search this
Harris, Stayce D.  Search this
Leavitt, Jeannie Marie Flynn  Search this
Linnington, Abigail  Search this
Malachowski, Nicole M. E.  Search this
McFetridge, Patricia A.  Search this
McKnight, Claudia  Search this
Murphy , Sally Dale  Search this
Oslund, Joellen M. Drag  Search this
Shults, Tammie Jo, 1961-  Search this
Van Ovost, Jacqueline Desiree  Search this
Young, Lucy  Search this
Extent:
0.97 Cubic feet (2 letter document boxes.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
2019-2020
Summary:
This collection consists of interviews and related documents for each of the military pilots selected for The Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI).
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following digital assets: video, audio, photographs, and pdf files for each of the women interviewed by the The Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI). There is also a folder for each interviewee which contains a printed copy of the transcript and other related documentation.
Arrangement:
Arrangement is alphabetically by interviewee's last name.
Biographical / Historical:
The Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI) was conceived by former National Air and Space Museum Verville Fellow, Lieutenant Colonel Monica Smith (Retired) in July 2018. Fifteen veteran women aviators participate in MWAOHI: five participants from the United States Air Force, five from the United States Army, four from the United States Navy, two from the United States Coast Guard (both also flew in the Army), and one from the United States Marine Corps. Five are among the first military women to earn wings, seven are combat aircraft and/or combat zone aviators, and three are flag officers. The interviewees are as follows: Lieutenant Colonel Olga Custodio (Retired; Lieutenant Colonel Sarah Deal; Lieutenant Commander Tammy Duckworth (Retired); Lieutenant Colonel Connie Engel (Retired); Lieutenant General Stayce Harris (Retired); Major General Jeannie Leavitt; Colonel Abigail Linnington (Retired); Colonel Nicole Malachowski (Retired); Captain Patricia McFetridge (Retired); Commander Claudia McKnight (Retired); Colonel Sally Murply (Retired); Captain Joellen Oslund (Retired); Lieutenant Commander Tammie Shults; Lieutenant General Jacqueline Van Ovost; and Captain Lucy Young (Retired). Additionally, a sixteenth interview of Colonel Kim "K. C." Campbell was conducted in January of 2020 by NASM curator Michael Hankins.
Provenance:
Monica Smith for NASM, Transfer, 2020, NASM.2020.0005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women and the military  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Video recording  Search this
Citation:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI), NASM.2020.0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0005
See more items in:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2020-0005

Lieutenant Colonel Olga Custodio (Retired)

Type:
Archival materials
Biographical / Historical:
Olga Estelle Nevarez Custodio was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Unsuccessful in her pioneering attempt to enter the ROTC program in 1969, Custodio persevered, receiving her Air Force commission in 1980 at her Officer Training School graduation. 2Lt Custodio completed U.S. Air Force Undergraduate Pilot Training at Laughlin Air Force Base, TX in Feb 1981. Graduating in the top 5% of Class 81-05, Custodio was the first woman T-38 instructor at Laughlin. Later, she became the first woman T-38 Pilot Instructor Training (PIT) instructor at Randolph AFB (1983), where she trained the instructor pilots. Custodio flew a number of first flights for women, including an all-female T-38 four-ship formation over the Indianapolis Motor Speedway on May 22, 1983. Custodio transferred to the Air Force Reserve in 1988 and became a pioneering commercial airline pilot. Lieutenant Colonel Olga Custodio retired from the Air Force Reserve in 2003.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI), NASM.2020.0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0005, Series 1
See more items in:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2020-0005-ref1

Commander Claudia McKnight (Retired)

Type:
Archival materials
Biographical / Historical:
Claudia Van McKnight logged 4,800 hours as an Army and Coast Guard pilot from 1985-2008. She entered the Army from ROTC in 1984, was an Honor Graduate of Initial Entry Rotary Wing class 85-24, then flew UH-1 helicopters in Germany before returning to Fort Rucker as an IERW instructor pilot. McKnight applied for the US Coast Guard Direct Commission Aviator program and was sworn into the Coast Guard on October 1, 1990. While assigned to North Bend, Oregon, McKnight flew the HH-65 on search and rescue and medevac missions, and she also deployed to Alaska for fisheries enforcement. As the Engineering Officer, McKnight flew Arctic (AWS-96) and Antarctic (DF-98) missions in the HH-65 with the Polar Operations Division out of Mobile, AL. Other deployments (from Port Angeles, WA) included a drug interdiction mission aboard USCG Cutter Mellon off Central America. Additionally, McKnight flew more than 800 hours in the HU-25 Falcon jet while stationed at Cape Cod, MA. Commander McKnight retired in Aug 2008 after 24 years of service.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI), NASM.2020.0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0005, Series 10
See more items in:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2020-0005-ref10

Colonel Sally Murphy (Retired)

Type:
Archival materials
Biographical / Historical:
Sally Woolfolk Murphy entered the Women's Army Corps by direct appointment in 1972 and reported for duty at Anniston, AL in January 1973. While training as a cryptographer, the Army opened flight school to women, and Murphy applied. On June 4, 1974, 2LT Sally Murphy graduated from Initial Entry Rotary Wing Class 74-14 at Fort Rucker, AL, becoming the Army's first woman aviator. After flying TH-55s, OH-58s, and UH-1s during training, Murphy was assigned to a Guardrail unit in Germany, flying the RU-21 and serving as the battalion intelligence officer (S2). As a Military Intelligence officer, she flew the UH-1 and commanded the 78th AVN Bn (Provisional) at Camp Zama, Japan. At the Pentagon, Murphy served on the Army Staff where she authored the first Joint Requirements document for unmanned aerial vehicles. On the Joint Staff, LTC Murphy was a team chief in the National Military Joint Intelligence Center. After completing Army War College, Colonel Murphy served on the Army Staff as the G-2 Congressional Liaison before retiring on July 1, 1999.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI), NASM.2020.0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0005, Series 11
See more items in:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2020-0005-ref11

Captain Joellen Oslund (Retired)

Type:
Archival materials
Biographical / Historical:
Joellen Drag Oslund was one of eight women selected in 1972 to enter Navy flight training. She enlisted in January 1973 and received her commission through Women Officer School in May. Oslund earned her "Wings of Gold" in 1974, becoming the Navy's first woman helicopter pilot, and the Navy's fourth woman aviator. Oslund was one of six plaintiffs in the Owens v. Brown suit (1978 decision) that successfully challenged the Navy's gender-restrictive assignment policies. She was the first woman helicopter aircraft commander, the first woman aviator assigned duty aboard a Navy ship, and the first Navy woman Combat Search and Rescue aircraft commander. She transitioned to the Navy Reserve in November 1979. Captain Oslund retired in 1998, after 25 years of service.

Captain Oslund, as a member of the first class of women Naval Aviators, was a 2017 Inductee into the Women in Aviation Pioneer Hall of Fame.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI), NASM.2020.0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0005, Series 12
See more items in:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2020-0005-ref12

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