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Dan Friedman Papers

Creator:
Friedman, Dan, 1945-1995  Search this
Names:
Allgemeie Gewerbeschule  Search this
Anspach Grossman Portugal, Inc.  Search this
Bergdorf Goodman, New York  Search this
Bonwit Teller & Co.  Search this
Citibank (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Gran Fury  Search this
Hochschule für Gestaltung (Ulm, Germany)  Search this
Jeffrey Deitch Art Advisory Services  Search this
National Public Radio (U.S.)  Search this
Neotu (Gallery)  Search this
Pentagram Design  Search this
State University of New York at Purchase  Search this
WilliWear (Firm)  Search this
Yale University -- General subdivision--Catalogs  Search this
Deitch, Jeffrey  Search this
Haring, Keith  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stationery
Clippings
Statistics
Correspondence
Photographs
Lecture notes
Speeches
Sketches
Slides
Brochures
Mechanicals
Transparencies
Financial records
Articles
Date:
1967 - 1995
Scope and Contents:
General correspondence files contain all communications that do not pertain to a specific project. Because Friedman's personal life and business were so interconnected, many of his business associates also shared personal correspondence with the designer.,Materials in this collection document Friedman's work from 1967, as a student, until his death in 1995.

Files that document his affiliations with Yale University and the State University of New York at Purchase include administrative memos, proposals, lecture outlines, syllabi, bibliographies, examples of students' work, and design projects Friedman did for each school. A copy of the goals and objectives of the Division of Visual Arts within the School of the Arts at SUNY Purchase written by Friedman is included.

Project files include business correspondence, invoices, sketches, contracts, clippings, photographs, and slides. In the case of his graphic projects, some samples of stationery and brochures are included. Extensive documentation exists for Friedman's projects for Citibank, WilliWear, National Public Radio, and Bonwit Teller. Some correspondence is in German. Friedman's lecture notes, proposals for articles and books, and drafts of many articles are included. Clippings of articles on the designer and his work are arranged chronologically.

Research files consist of articles and Friedman's notes on topics of interest to him, such as typography, structure, simultaneity, and information theory. Photographs, slides, and transparencies of many of Friedman's projects, his sources of inspiration, and the work of his students are included.
Arrangement:
Record Groups include:

1: General Correspondence

2: University Affiliations

3: Project Files

4: Lectures and Writings

5: Clippings

6: Research Materials

7: Photographs and Slides
Biographical / Historical:
Educator, graphic and furniture designer. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, 1945. Friedman recieved a BFA from Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburg, PA. He studied graphic design at Hochschule fur Gestaltung, Ulm, and studied with Armin Hofmann and Wolfgang Weingart at Allgemeine Gewerbeschule, Basel. Friedman returned to America in 1969 and began his career as graphic designer for large corporations.

He worked with the firm Anspach Grossman Portugal as a senior designer from 1975 to 1977. Friedman contributed significantly to what came to be known as "post-modern" or "new wave" typography in the 1970s. He taught graphic design at Yale University, 1970-73. He became Assistant Professor and Chairman of the Board of Study in Design at the State University of New York at Purchase, 1972-1975. Friedman designed catalogs and brochures for both universities. Friedman worked with Pentagram Design in New York City from 1979 to 1984. He designed corporate identity programs, posters, publications, packaging, letterheads, and logos, for clients such as Citibank, and Williwear.

Friedman was a long-time friend of artist Keith Haring, and designed the book, "Keith Haring", 1982. He was the author of "Dan Friedman: Radical Modernism", 1994, and co-authored with Jeffrey Deitch, "Cultural Geometry", 1988, and "Artificial Nature", 1990. He designed the books "New Italian Design", 1990, and "Post Human", 1992. He also designed furniture, lighting, screens, wall elements, and interiors. Many of his furniture designs were done especially for Galerie Noetu in Paris. Among his best known furniture designs are the 1989 Virgin Screen, 1989 Zoid sofa and chair, and the Three Mile Island lamps.

Friedman served as the Frank Stanton Professor of Graphic Design at the Cooper Union in New York city, from 1994 until his death in 1995.
Related Materials:
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Drawings and Prints Department

Hundreds of designs for letterheads, logos, business cards, invitations, greeting cards, furniture, lighting, screens, office interiors, shoppings bags and gift boxes, calendars, packaging, weather pattern diagrams and maps, book covers, and posters

Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Applied Arts Department

"U.S.A." table and dome-shaped floor lamp.,.

Friedman's work can be found in the collections of the following museums: Museum of Modern Art, New York City; Museum of Decorative Arts, Montreal, Canada; Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Seibu, Tokyo; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA; and Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the museum by the designer's brother, Ken Friedman in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Graphic designers  Search this
Packaging designers  Search this
Topic:
Packaging -- Design  Search this
Design education -- United States  Search this
Graphic arts -- United States  Search this
Furniture design -- United States  Search this
Signs and symbols -- Design  Search this
Letterheads -- Design  Search this
Corporate image -- Design  Search this
Logos (Symbols) -- Design  Search this
Printing  Search this
Postmodernism -- United States  Search this
Posters -- Design  Search this
Book design -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stationery
Clippings
Statistics
Correspondence
Photographs -- 20th century
Lecture notes
Speeches
Sketches
Slides
Brochures
Mechanicals
Transparencies
Financial records
Articles
Citation:
Dan Friedman Papers, 1967-1995, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1277
See more items in:
Dan Friedman Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1277
Online Media:

Saul Nesbitt Papers

Collector:
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archives  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archives  Search this
Creator:
Nesbitt, Saul, 1920-1993.  Search this
Names:
Archway Cookies, Inc.  Search this
Borden's Farm Products Co. of Illinois  Search this
Campbell Soup Company  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Eastman Kodak Company  Search this
Florists' Telegraph Delivery Association  Search this
Franco American Food Co.  Search this
Lever Brothers and Unilever, ltd.  Search this
National Distillers and Chemical Corporation  Search this
Nesbitt Associates, Ltd.  Search this
P. Ballantine & Sons  Search this
Philip Morris Incorporated  Search this
Revlon, Inc.  Search this
Schick (Firm)  Search this
Scott Paper Company  Search this
Seagram Company  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Sketches
Transparencies
Press releases
Correspondence
Photographs
Media lists
Blueprints
Drawings
Clippings
Client lists
Date:
1951-1984
Scope and Contents:
Background and biographical information consists of Nesbitt's resume, an artist/designer statement, list of clients and accomplishments of Nesbitt Associates, Ltd., press releases, articles, and photographs of the designer.,The materials in this collection document Nesbitt's work from 1951 through 1984.
The records of the office of public relations cover the years 1955-1963 and include press releases and clippings describing some Nesbitt's products, his theories on consumer motivation, and the results of his surveys, as well as correspondence with members of the press. General office correspondence is boxed separately.
Color slides, color and black & white transparencies, and black & white photographs of most of Nesbitt's designs for packaging from 1951-1981 are included. Oversized materials include books jackets and booklets designed by Nesbitt, as well as some renderings for packaging designs done in color.
Three samples of fitted presentation boxes designed by Nesbitt are included, as well as a prototype for a design award for Parsons School of Design in New York, and two "Multiplication" cubes commissioned by the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
Arrangement:
This collection has been reboxed in archivally-sound containers, but the materials have only been partially processed and arranged. Record groups include: 1) Backgound and Biographical Information; 2) Records of the Public Relations Office, 1955-1963; 3) Correspondence; 4) Slides, Transparencies, and Photographs; 5) Oversized Materials; and 6) Samples.
Biographical / Historical:
Packaging, industrial, and graphic designer. Born in New York City, August 10, 1920. Nesbitt was a student of sculptor Chaim Gross and studied art at many New York institutions including: Art Students League; New York University; Columbia University; Pratt Institute of Art; and the New School.

He served in the U.S. Army from 1942 to 1945 where he worked as a cartographer and as the head of the visual aid section in a military intelligence training center. In 1945, he joined the staff of Harper's Bazaar magazine where he was an illustrator assisting art director Alexey Brodovich. In 1946, Nesbitt was hired by the industrial design studio of Raymond Loewy as a handletterer and packaging designer.

He worked with Lippincott Industrial Design from 1948 to 1951. Nesbitt opened his own design studio, Nesbitt Associates, Ltd. in 1951. The firm specialized in package design, trademarks, and corporate identities. Some of his most recognizable designs were for the label for Campbell's Soup and the Florists' Telegraph Delivery (F.T.D.) Winged Mercury 'Interflora' figure, still used today. Nesbitt's other clients included: Franco American; Revlon; Ballantine Beer; Borden; Champion spark plugs; Kodak; Philip Morris cigarettes; Schick razors; and Archway cookies. In addition, Nesbitt developed the "Karry Kit" for Ballantine Beer which came to be widely used and known as the six pack.

Nesbitt was known for his revealing studies and surveys of the buying needs and preferences of the "average American housewife" and consumers in general. His opinions on what he referred to as "underpackaging" were widely publicized in professional magazines and journals. In 1984, Nesbitt retired from the design field and went to California to resume his career as a sculptor until his death in 1993.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the designer's wife, Mrs. Saul Nesbitt, in 1994.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Industrial designers  Search this
Packaging designers  Search this
Graphic designers  Search this
Topic:
Consumers -- Research  Search this
Consumers' preferences -- United States  Search this
Housewives as consumers  Search this
Labels -- Design  Search this
Corporate image -- Design  Search this
Logos (Symbols) -- Design  Search this
Graphic arts -- United States  Search this
Design, Industrial -- United States  Search this
Packaging -- Design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides
Sketches
Transparencies
Press releases
Correspondence
Photographs -- 20th century
Media lists
Blueprints
Drawings
Clippings
Client lists
Citation:
Saul Nesbitt Papers, 1951-1984, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1275
See more items in:
Saul Nesbitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1275

William Metzig Papers

Creator:
Metzig, William, 1893-1989.  Search this
Donor:
Murgio, Matthew, Mrs.  Search this
Murgio, Matthew, Mrs.  Search this
Names:
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archives  Search this
Dutton  Search this
Fawcett  Search this
Fieldcrest Mills Inc.  Search this
Heubelin, Inc.  Search this
Pelikan Ink Company  Search this
Popov Distilling Company  Search this
Metzig, William, 1893-1989.  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Book jackets
Photographs
Slides
Illustrators
Drawings
Transparencies
Brochures
Advertisements
Date:
circa 1925-1979
Scope and Contents:
The materials in this collection span the years from the late 1920s to the 1970s and document Metzig's work in Germany and the United States. Little background and biographical information is available.

Project files : More than 500 examples of the designer's work, including letterheads, logos, trademarks, brochures, book jackets, magazine covers and layouts, certificates, awards, and product labels.

Printed Materials : Includes articles written by Metzig and a copy of his publication, "Art Lettering and Design," which was done for the International Correspondence Schools of Pennsylvania in 1957. This collection does not include any business records or correspondence.

Other Visual Materials : Photographs, slides, and transparencies of many of Metzig's designs.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into three record groups: 1) printed materials; 2) project files; and 3) other visual materials. Project files are arranged in alphabetical order by name of client. Extensive files for projects done for distilleries and publishing companies are alphabetized separately.
Biographical / Historical:
Graphic designer and artist. Born Hanover, Germany, 1893. Metzig apprenticed with a lithographer prior to establishing his own studio in the 1920s. He designed trademarks, logos, letterheads, brochures, and posters for clients. He is best known for his work for Pelikan Ink Company.

He also designed book covers, magazine covers, and page layouts. In the 1930s, Metzig became known as a leading calligrapher and advertising artist in Germany. He immigrated to the United States in 1939 and settled in New York where he taught calligraphy and did freelance graphic design until his death in 1989.
Provenance:
Gift.
Restrictions:
Permission of staff required to photograph materials.
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Magazine covers -- Design  Search this
Posters -- Design  Search this
Greeting cards -- Design  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Graphic arts -- United States  Search this
Calligraphy  Search this
Graphic arts -- Germany  Search this
Graphic designers  Search this
advertising  Search this
Letterheads -- Design  Search this
Packaging -- Design  Search this
Labels -- Design  Search this
Logos (Symbols) -- Design  Search this
Graphic artists  Search this
Trademarks -- Design  Search this
Corporate image -- Design  Search this
Pamphlets -- Design  Search this
Book jackets -- Design -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Book jackets
Photographs -- 20th century
Slides
Illustrators
Drawings
Transparencies
Brochures
Advertisements
Citation:
William Metzig Papers, ca. 1925-1979, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1269
See more items in:
William Metzig Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1269

Francis M. Mair Papers

Donor:
Mair, LaVeda  Search this
Creator:
Mair, Francis M., 1916-1991 (commercial artist)  Search this
Names:
Landor Associates  Search this
United States. Naval Training School  Search this
Landor, Walter  Search this
Extent:
56 Cubic feet (104 Boxes, 40 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Beverage labels
Fruit crate labels
Labels
Place:
San Francisco (Calif.)
Date:
1935-1994
Summary:
Client files, administrative files, artwork, and collected food labels from graphic and industrial designer Francis Mair. Mair specialized in beverage labels and packaging during his many years with Landor Associates in San Francisco. Late in his career, he directed Landor's Museum of Packaging History. His prolific freelance career included designs for furniture, decorative arts, letterhead, and corporate images. His personal artwork included alphabets, typefaces, and sketchbooks. Much of his personal artwork is humorous or erotic.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists largely of client files and artwork from Mair's years with Landor Associates and his freelance design work. Mair's specialty was the design of beverage containers, labels, and packaging, and there is a significant body of material produced for West Coast and national breweries and wineries. Mair also managed Landor's Museum of Packaging Antiquities, and there are several boxes of the Museum's administrative files. Of particular interest is Mair's large collection of historical and contemporary wine, liquor, and fruit crate labels (both foreign and domestic). The labels seem to have served as an inspiration and a record of his work, as well as documentation of historical packaging for the Museum. Mair's freelance clients were diverse, though most of them were small businesses and organizations in the San Francisco Bay Area. In addition to food and beverage labels, these commissions included posters, promotional materials, letterhead and personal announcements, invitations, and cards. Lastly, the collection includes personal artwork and records of entrepreneurial projects (such as the Flexigon, a flexible geometric toy).
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1, Professional Materials, 1956-1991, undated

Series 2, Landor Associates Files, 1946-1993, undated

Series 3, Landor Museum of Packaging Antiquities, 1960-1989, undated

Series 4, Freelance Client Files, 1946-1989, undated

Series 5, United States Naval Training School, Radio Chicago, 1943-1945, undated

Sereis 6, Personal Artwork and Designs, 1935-1994, undated

Series 7, Reference Files, 1950-1985, undated

Series 8, Labels, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Francis Marion Mair was born in Streator, Illinois to Alexander Morrison Mair and Jessie C. Williams on May 5, 1916. He began his career as an artist and designer at the University of Illinois School of Design in Chicago receiving a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Painting in 1938. That year he joined the United States Navy and where he designed visual aids for the Naval Training School in Chicago, Illinois. Even at this early stage in his career, acute design sense and humor are evident in his work. In 1949, he joined Landor Associates in San Francisco, California where he worked for forty years, retiring in 1989. At Landor, he specialized in designing packaging and labeling for beverages. He also was the director of Landor's Museum of Packaging History which shared quarters with Landor Associates on the Ferryboat Klamath. Throughout his career, Mair took on diverse freelance projects. One of his most successful was the Suva line of rattan furniture and decorative objects for Decorative Imports. Mair published articles in Advertising Age, Industrial Design, Advertising Techniques, and Wines and Vines. Mair died on April 29, 1991 in Contra Costa County, California.
Related Archival Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Walter Landor and Associates (AC0500)

NW Ayer Advertising Agenecy Records (AC0059)

Hills Bros. Coffee Company Records (AC395)

Emmett McBain Afro American Adertising Poster Collection (AC0192)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC0060)

Marilyn E. Jacklear Memorial Collection of Tobacco Advertisements (AC1224)

Marlboro Oral History and Documentation Project (AC0198)
Related Materials:
A glass final production version of a French's mustard jar and three hand-carved, solid-wood prototypes for this jar are in the Museum's Division of Work and Industry. These were found in Mair's home studio.
Provenance:
Collection donated by LaVeda Mair, April 23, 1996.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright for a portion of the collection held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Topic:
advertising -- 20th century  Search this
Beverages -- advertising -- 1940-1990  Search this
Commercial art -- 1940-1990  Search this
Design, Industrial  Search this
Erotica  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
Labels -- Alcoholic beverages  Search this
Labels -- Crates -- Fruit  Search this
Liquors -- advertising -- 1940-1990  Search this
Nudes  Search this
Nudity  Search this
Packaging  Search this
Rattan furniture  Search this
Toys  Search this
Wine labels  Search this
Wit and humor  Search this
Wit and humor in advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Beverage labels
Fruit crate labels
Labels
Citation:
Francis M. Mair Papers, 1938-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of LaVeda Mair.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0548
See more items in:
Francis M. Mair Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0548

Charles Fertig Collection

Source:
Graphic Arts, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Creator:
Fertig, Charles  Search this
Former owner:
Graphic Arts, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Names:
St. Joseph News-Press and Gazette (newspaper).  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Logs (records)
Manuals
Technical manuals
Place:
Missouri -- 1970-1990
Date:
1979-1985
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of records relating to the development of direct plate imager technology and its early use by the St. Joseph News Press and Gazette, credited with being a leader in the field of laser adaptation to computer reproduction of photographs for newspaper use. It consists primarily of maintenance manuals, maintenance logs and systems logs, and training notes over a period of about five years.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series.

Series 1: Maintenance logs, System logs

Series 2: Maintenance manuals

Series 3: Training Notes

Series 4: Miscellaneous
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Fertig was a technician at the St. Joseph News-Press and Gazette. The newspaper developed a direct plate imager technology and is credited with being a leader in the field of laser adaptation to computer reproduction of photographs for newspaper use.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Charles Fertig, April 8, 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Computers in industry -- 1970-1990  Search this
Lasers in the graphic arts -- 1970-1990  Search this
Graphic arts -- 1970-1990  Search this
Direct Plate Imager Technology  Search this
Newspapers -- Printing  Search this
Photography -- Photomechanical processes -- 1970-1990  Search this
Photomechanical processes -- 1970-1990  Search this
Printing -- Newspapers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logs (records)
Manuals -- 1970-1990
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Citation:
Charles Fertig Collection, 1979-1985, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0312
See more items in:
Charles Fertig Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0312

Lester Beall collection

Topic:
American printer (New York, N.Y.)
Red Cross magazine
Time
McCall's (Los Angeles, Calif. : 1921)
Fortune
Creator:
Beall, Lester, 1903-  Search this
Names:
Abbott Laboratories  Search this
Art Directors Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Chance Vought Corporation  Search this
Chicago Tribune (Firm)  Search this
Cone Automatic Machine Company  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
George Bijur, Inc.  Search this
Heim Jeunes Filles  Search this
House of Herbs, Inc.  Search this
International Paper Company  Search this
Labatt's Canada Limited  Search this
Marshall Field & Company (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, inc.  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Narragansett Brewing Co.  Search this
Stanley Works Inc.  Search this
Upjohn Company  Search this
Hauck, Fred  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Exhibition catalogs
Posters
Announcements
Photographs
Design drawings
Logos
Greeting cards
Place:
Dumbarton Farm (Brookfield, Conn.)
Date:
1933-[circa 1967]
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the career of Lester Beall, graphic designer and commercial artist from approximately 1933-1967.
Arrangement:
Record Groups include:

I. "Scope" Magazine

II. Modern Art 5,000 Years Ago

III. Red Cross Magazines

IV. Greeting Cards

V. Time Magazine ads

VI. Logo Designs

VII. Cone Automatic Machine Co., tear sheets

VIII. Miscellaneous Covers

IX. George Bijur, Inc.

X. Labatt's of Canada and Catch! Narragansett Ale design campaigns

XI. Exhibition, Art Center, California

XII. Abbott Laboratories, "What's New"

XIII. Marshall Field and Company

XIV. Miscellaneous Advertisements
Biographical / Historical:
American designer Lester Beall (1903-1969) was educated at Lane Technical School in Chicago and received a bachelor's degree in art history from the University of Chicago. Upon discovering the work of the European avant-garde, Beall was inspired to bring American design of the 1930s and 1940s to a higher level of effective visual communication. Self-taught, Lester Beall was one of the first Americans to have his work shown in a German monthly graphics periodical, Gebrauchsgraphik, and was one of the first Americans to incorporate the New Typography, using techniques such as photomontage, collage and the use of cut-out flat colored paper in combination with photography and economical line drawing, reworking the element of European modernism into distinctive American style. He produced solutions to graphic design problems that were unique among his American contemporaries.

Beall moved from Chicago to New York in 1935 and did work that was influential to the field of editorial design. Between 1938 and 1940, he redesigned twenty magazines for McGraw Hill, in 1946 he designed two covers for Fortune and in 1944, he began designing Scope magazine for UpJohn Pharmaceuticals which he did until 1951. In 1952, Beall opened a design office on Dumbarton Farm, his home in rural Connecticut. In 1973, four years after his death, Lester Beall was inducted into the New York Art Directors Club Hall of Fame.

Philip B. Meggs credits Beall with "almost single-handedly launching the modern movement in American design". In 1973, four years after his death, the Art Directors Club of New York belatedly elected him to its prestigious Hall of Fame. Bob Plisken, who worked for Beall in the early 1940s, said on that occasion, "In my opinion, Beall did more than anyone to make graphic design in American a distinct and respected profession".
Bibliographic References:
Lester Beall. Brookfield Center, Conn. : Lester Beall, Inc., [197-?].
Nine Pioneers in American Graphic Design / Roger R. Remington and Barbara J. Hodik. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1989.
Lester Beall : trailblazer of American graphic design / Roger R. Remington. New York : W.W. Norton, 1996.
Graphic Design History / Steven Heller and Georgette Balance. New York : Allworth Press, 2001.
Provenance:
All materials were donated to the museum by Mr. Lester Beall, Jr. in 1998.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Graphic designers -- United States  Search this
Commercial artists -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Graphic arts -- Sources -- History -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Commercial art -- Sources -- History -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Exhibition catalogs
Posters
Announcements
Photographs -- 20th century
Design drawings
Logos
Greeting cards
Citation:
Lester Beall collection, 1933-circa 1967, Archives Center, National Museum of American HIstory.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1278
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1278

Seymour Robins collection

Creator:
Robins, Seymour.  Search this
Names:
AT & T (Firm)  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Creative playthings, Inc.  Search this
Diamond International Corporation  Search this
Genesco, Inc.  Search this
Kimberly-Clark Corporation  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Mohawk Paper Mills (Cohoes, N.Y.)  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Neenah Paper (Firm)  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Trade catalogs
Date:
1962 - 1992
Scope and Contents:
Materials consist of project catalogs for Mohawk Paper Mills and Neenah Paper, a division of Kimberly-Clark. The collection documents Robins' work as a graphic and industrial designer.
Biographical / Historical:
Seymour Robins is a graphic and industrial designer.,Born in Canada, he has lived most of his life in New York City and had his design practice there. Although locking together slotted pieces of paper has been done for many years, in the two decades that Robins has been designing these shapes that become forms when opened, he has developed them into a unique art form in itself. Robins' interlocking paper sculptures have been called "magic". He has had successful design assignments for AT&T, Diamond International Corporation, Genesco, Mohawk Paper Mills, Neenah Paper, Creative Playthings, and a host of other names in American industry. Robins designed the complex and precise Armillary Sphere for the Smithsonian, and has done paper sculptures for the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, The Whitney Museum, The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, The Philadelphia Museum, and others. Over the years his demands and guidance for perfection in production have forced graphic arts suppliers into innovative improvements that have raised the level of die-makers' and the die-cutters' crafts. His work appears regularly in international design journals and is in the permanent collection at the Cooper-Hewitt Archives. He now lives and works in Sheffield, Massachusetts, in a barn he has converted into a studio and home.
Provenance:
All materials were donated by Mr. Robins in 1992. Transferred to the Archives Center in 2012.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Industrial designers -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Design, Industrial -- Sources -- History -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Graphic arts -- Sources -- History -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Trade catalogs
Citation:
Seymour Robins Papers, 1962-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1270
See more items in:
Seymour Robins collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1270

Martin J. Weber Graphic Arts Collection

Donor:
Weber, Carl  Search this
Creator:
Weber, Martin J., 1905-2007  Search this
Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Annual reports
Patents
Correspondence
Design drawings
Business records
Contracts
Magazines (periodicals)
Date:
1931-1980
Summary:
This collection features business documents, legal papers, and examples of prints from Martin J. Weber, who pioneered the "Weber Process."
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the Weber Process for printing that made images on paper appear more three dimensional, as well as the photomechanical apparatus Weber developed to implement it . The collection contains patent documents, contracts and business papers, correspondence, design drawings, advertisements for the Weber Process and for his studio, and a paper he delivered to the American Photo Engravers Association. It also contains numerous samples of Weber's work, including magazines covers and advertisements, annual reports from companies featuring images enhanced by Weber, brochures, and other printed material.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series.

Series 1: Articles, 1931-1971

Series 2: Awards, 1931-1971

Series 3: Business Documents, 1931-1971

Series 4: Correspondence, 1931-1971

Series 5: Legal Documents, 1931-1971

Series 6: Prints, 1931-1980

Series 7: Weber Process Documents, 1931-1971

Series 8: Photographs, 1931-1971

Series 9: Large Prints, 1931-1971
Biographical / Historical:
Martin J. Weber was born in 1905 and worked as a graphic artist, inventor and typographer in the commercial art industry into his eighties. He died in 2007 at the age of 102.

Weber invented and patented the Weber Process in 1942, which utilized a photomechanical apparatus that altered images and text photographically to give pattern, texture, and shadow. Also known as Posterization, the process gave two-dimensional surfaces the "illusion of being reproduced in three dimensions" by printing multiple layers offset from one another. Weber helped to define the look of mid-twentieth century American advertising art, offering a "low-cost way of simulating multiple color reproduction." The process revolutionized lithography, screen printing, and standard printing, and later influenced computer typography.

Sources

Heller, Steven. "Martin Weber in the Third Dimension." Design Observer. June 19, 2007. Accessed August 03, 2016. http://designobserver.com/article.php?id=5657.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Martin J. Weber's son, Carl Weber, 2011.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Printing  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Graphic artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Annual reports -- 20th century
Patents
Correspondence -- 20th century
Design drawings
Business records
Contracts
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Citation:
Martin J. Weber Graphic Arts Collection, 1931-1971, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1209
See more items in:
Martin J. Weber Graphic Arts Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1209

Lucian Bernhard Advertising Art Collection

Creator:
Hollander, Bernard  Search this
Bernhard, Lucian  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Cubic feet (1 box, 3 rolled items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Posters
Design drawings
Advertisements
Articles
Date:
1920s-2000
Summary:
This collection documents Bernhard's career as an REM advertisement artist in the 1920s as well as his pursuit of canvas painting following his retirement. It contains REM advertisements and materials from posthumous exhibitions of Bernhard's paintings, as well as writings from Bernhard himself and researchers.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of archival materials relating to the graphic artist and designer Lucian Bernhard, including a water color design drawing, five subway car cards advertising the cough syrup Rem, five advertising proofs for Rem, a 1956 magazine called PRODUCTIONWISE with an article about Bernhard, a folio of color reproductions advertising the sale of Bernhard's artworks, an exhibit announcement, two oversize posters, and miscellaneous printed material.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Exhibitions, 1999-2000

Series 2: Publications, 1956 November

Series 3: Miscellaneous, 1920-2000

Series 4: REM Cough Syrup Advertising, 1920-2000
Biographical / Historical:
Lucian Bernhard (1883-1972) was a German-American graphic artist, interior designer, industrial designer, and professor. His work in advertising art, especially his designs for Rem Cough Syrup, was highly influential and he designed several popular type fonts. Born in Germany, he moved to New York City in the early 1920s and worked prolifically in both German and American advertising. His artistic style is defined by straightforwardness, color, and simplicity. Bernhard is known as the creator of the Sachplakat poster style, which features a bold lettering style paired with a simple central image and unique, non-primary colors. This style is designed to attract the viewer's eye amidst a barrage of advertising posters. Following his career as a commercial artist, he turned to canvas painting and created works until his death in 1972.

Sources

"Lucian Bernhard." ADC • Global Awards & Club. (http://adcglobal.org/hall-of-fame/lucian-bernhard/) Last accessed on July 05, 2016.

"Plakatstil." (http://www.csun.edu/~pjd77408/DrD/Art461/LecturesAll/Lectures/Lecture06/Plakastil.html Last accessed on July 5, 2016
Provenance:
Collection donated by Bernard Hollander.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Patent medicines  Search this
Commercial art -- 1940-1990  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
Design, Industrial  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Design drawings
Advertisements
Articles
Citation:
Lucian Bernhard Advertising Art Collection, 1920s-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1161
See more items in:
Lucian Bernhard Advertising Art Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1161
Online Media:

Thomajan Advertising Collection

Collector:
Thomajan, P.K.  Search this
Extent:
15 Boxes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Ephemera
Date:
1951-1967.
Scope and Contents:
Approximately 3,000 examples of commercial printing and printed advertising ephemera.
Arrangement:
Divided into 20 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Graphic designer and collector of advertising ephemera.
Provenance:
Purchase
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Advertising, Point-of-sale  Search this
Graphic arts -- 1950-1970  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
Printed ephemera -- 1950-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Ephemera -- 1940-1970
Citation:
Thomajan Advertising Collection, 1951-1967, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0643
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0643

Acquisition Records (Declined)

Creator::
Smithsonian American Art Museum. Curatorial Office  Search this
Extent:
12 cu. ft. (12 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Brochures
Compact discs
Digital versatile discs
Electronic records
Drawings
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Color negatives
Date:
1966-2017
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records documenting declined artwork offered by artists, private collectors, dealers, art galleries, foundations, corporations, and through estates and loans to the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Earlier records date back to when the museum was known as the National Museum of American Art and the National Collection of Fine Arts, respectively. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, and notes; proposals; appraisal reports; financial summaries; agreements; intellectual property information; curricula vitae; object lists; estate information; press releases, articles, and newspaper clippings; photographs, slides, and negatives of artwork; drawings; and brochures. Some materials are in electronic format.
Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2033. Records may contain personally identifiable information (PII) that is permanently restricted. Transferring office; 3/22/2019 memorandum, Johnstone to Laura Augustin; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Museums -- Acquisitions  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Intellectual property  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Administration of estates  Search this
Loans  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Brochures
Compact discs
Digital versatile discs
Electronic records
Drawings
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Color negatives
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-136, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Curatorial Office, Acquisition Records (Declined)
Identifier:
Accession 19-136
See more items in:
Acquisition Records (Declined)
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-136

Correspondence

Creator::
Smithsonian American Art Museum. Curatorial Office  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1992-2000
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the incoming and outgoing correspondence from the Curatorial Office's Division of Graphic Arts. Although the files are labeled as "Read Files," that is misleading. The files contain original incoming correspondence, copies of outgoing responses, as well as internal communications.

Correspondents include dealers, general public, and contacts within the Museum and with other museums. Topics include exhibitions, individual works of art, and acquisitions declined.

Materials include correspondence and memoranda.
Topic:
Graphic arts  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Museums  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-099, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Curatorial Office, Correspondence
Identifier:
Accession 01-099
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa01-099

Crimilda Pontes Papers

Topic:
Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae (Monograph : 1977)
Creator::
Pontes, Crimilda  Search this
Extent:
6 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1965-1988
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the papers of Smithsonian Press designer, Crimilda Pontes. Included are materials on Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae, the Quad flyer, and other projects for which Pontes was the designer. The files consist of correspondence, some annotated by S. Dillon Ripley; some of Pontes' original drawings; photographs; reviews of, promotional materials on, and color plates of Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae; as well as occasional notes by Pontes on her illness and her work.
Topic:
Graphic arts  Search this
Graphic artists  Search this
Museum publications  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 89-024, Crimilda Pontes Papers
Identifier:
Accession 89-024
See more items in:
Crimilda Pontes Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa89-024

Exhibition Records

Creator::
National Museum of American Art. Curatorial Office  Search this
Extent:
6 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Pamphlets
Floor plans
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Date:
1988-1999
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the exhibition activities of the Division of Graphic Arts within the Curatorial Office at the National Museum of American Art. Records created prior to 1989 were created in the Department of Graphic Arts.

Materials include correspondence, memoranda, proposals, press kits, black and white photographs, slides of artists' work, checklists, label/wall text, itineraries, installation materials and photographs, floor plans, invitations, guest lists, catalog text, budget information, visitor impressions of exhibitions, notes and related records.
Historical Note:
The Department of Graphic Arts became a division of the newly formed Curatorial Department in 1989. The Department was renamed the Curatorial Office circa 1992. The Curatorial Office organizes and oversees the museum's exhibitions and acquisitions programs, as well as researching and displaying the national collection.
Topic:
Museum exhibits  Search this
Visitors  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Pamphlets
Floor plans
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-100, National Museum of American Art. Curatorial Office, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 01-100
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa01-100

Exhibition Records

Creator::
National Portrait Gallery. Department of Design and Production  Search this
Extent:
8 cu. ft. (8 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Brochures
Manuscripts
Pamphlets
Floppy disks
Architectural drawings
Drawings
Floor plans
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Color negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Electronic records
Date:
1981-2002
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of two series. Series 1 consists of graphics records and documents the work of the department on such aspects of exhibitions as gallery guides, posters, invitations, label text, banners, letterhead, case labels, brochures, murals, and advertisements. Series 2 consists of installation records and documents the work of the department in installing exhibitions at the museum. Included in this series are floor plans, architectural drawings, installation schedules, and other related materials.

Some of the exhibitions covered include Rebels: Painters and Poets of the 1950s; 1846: Portrait of the Nation; Louis Armstrong: Cultural Legacy; Red, Hot & Blue: A Salute to American Musicals; Le Tumulte Noir: Paul Colin's Jazz Age Portfolio; Breaking Racial Barriers: African Americans in the Harmon Foundation Collection; Edith Wharton's World: Portraits of People and Places; George C. Marshall: Soldier of Peace; Celebrity Caricature in America; Theodore Roosevelt: Icon of the American Century; Philippe Halsman: A Retrospective; Paul Robeson: Artist and Citizen; George and Martha Washington: Portraits from the Presidential Years; Franklin & His Friends: Portraying the Man of Science in Eighteenth Century America; Hans Namuth: Portraits; Edward Sorel: Unauthorized Portraits; A Durable Memento: Portraits by Augustus Washington, African American Daguerreotypist; and Tête à Tête: Portraits by Henri Cartier-Bresson. Materials include correspondence; memoranda; notes; architectural drawings; floor plans; brochures; pamphlets; drawings; black-and-white photographs, negatives, and transparencies; and color photographs, negatives, and transparencies. Some materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Portraits, American  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Manuscripts
Pamphlets
Floppy disks
Architectural drawings
Drawings
Floor plans
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Color negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-054, National Portrait Gallery. Department of Design and Production, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 07-054
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa07-054

Exhibition Records, 1938-2015

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Curatorial Office  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Department of Graphic Arts  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Curatorial Office  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Curatorial Department  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.) Department of Painting and Sculpture  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) Department of Painting and Sculpture  Search this
Physical description:
93.5 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Exhibition catalogs
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white transparencies
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Floppy disks
Compact discs
Color negatives
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Floor plans
Architectural drawings
Electronic records
Books
Date:
1938
1938-2015
Topic:
Museum exhibits  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Museums--Collection management  Search this
Museums--Educational aspects  Search this
Museum loans  Search this
Photography  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00361
Restrictions & Rights:
Materials less than 15 years old. Restricted. Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Exhibition Records 1938-2015 [Smithsonian American Art Museum Curatorial Office]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219816

Records

Creator::
National Museum of History and Technology. Division of Graphic Arts  Search this
Extent:
5.5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Manuscripts
Date:
1887-1978
Descriptive Entry:
These records include Division of Graphic Arts records dating from its establishment, including the work of curators Sylvester Rosa Koehler, Jacob Kainen, and Peter C. Marzio. Also included are lecture notes and papers of curators Ruel P. Tolman, Kainen, and Marzio; inventory lists of Graphic Arts objects; working outline for The Steam Engine in the Graphic Arts exhibition; loans and grants files; correspondence, newspaper clippings, and biographical information pertaining to acclaimed painter and etcher Charles W. Dahlgreen; Do It the Hard Way: Rube Goldberg and Modern Times exhibition records; photographs of exhibitions in the Hall of Graphic Arts; and planning files for the Hall of News Reporting.
Historical Note:
From 1969 to 1971, the Division of Graphic Arts was part of the Division of Graphic Arts and Photography, which reported to the Department of Applied Arts in the National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT). When the photography section was separated from the Division in 1972, to become the Division of Photographic History, a Division of Graphic Arts was re-established in NMHT. The Division of Graphic Arts remained under the Department of Applied Arts until 1977, after which it began reporting to the Department of Cultural History. The Curators and staff during these years included Eugene H. Ostroff, Curator, 1966-1971; Peter C. Marzio, Associate Curator, 1971-1975, and Curator, 1976-1978; and Elizabeth M. Harris, Assistant Curator, 1966-1970, and Associate Curator, 1971- .
Topic:
Graphic arts  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 413, National Museum of History and Technology. Division of Graphic Arts, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 413
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0413

Records

Creator::
National Museum of History and Technology. Division of Graphic Arts and Photography  Search this
Extent:
5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Floor plans
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Illustrations
Architectural drawings
Date:
1882-1969
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of correspondence, accession lists, blueprints for the Hall of Graphic Arts, historical information about the Division, annual reports, staff lecture notes and papers, materials pertaining to The Printing Ink exhibition, biographies of important contributors in the field of printing technology, exhibition labels and photographs, correspondence logs, and newspaper clippings pertaining to activities of the Division.
Historical Note:
In December 1882, George Brown Goode, the Assistant Director in charge of the United States National Museum (USNM), wrote to arts scholar Sylvester Rosa Koehler of Boston, requesting his assistance in creating a Graphic Arts collection for the Smithsonian Institution. Koehler agreed to collaborate with Goode, and together they laid out plans for such a collection over the next four years. When the Section of Graphic Arts was established in 1886, Kosehler became its part-time Curator. The Section was under the Department of Arts and Industries, which reported to the Division of Anthropology in USNM. During this period Koehler collected numerous artifacts for the Section, developed a print collection that became a permanent exhibition at USNM, and published extensively in the arts field.

The Section of Graphic Arts began reporting to the Department of Anthropology when USNM was reorganized in 1897. After Koehler's death in 1900, the Graphic Arts collections were administered by the Smithsonian Library. In 1904, however, the Section was renamed the Division of Graphic Arts, which continued to submit reports to the Department of Anthropology. Paul Brockett was made Custodian of the Division that year, and later, in 1912, Ruel Pardee Tolman became his aide. When another reorganization of USNM occurred in 1920, the Division of Graphic Arts began reporting to the Department of Arts and Industries. Tolman was placed in charge of the Division as the Assistant Curator, and the following year Ralph Clifton Smith assumed the position as aide.

From 1924 to 1932, the Division of Graphic Arts reported to a merged Department of Arts and Industries and the Division of History. Tolman prepared monthly exhibitions at the Smithsonian Building during these years, which consisted of works largely solicited from living artists. One year after Tolman was promoted to Curator in 1932, the Division of Graphic Arts began submitting reports again to a re-established Department of Arts and Industries. In 1938, the Department of Arts and Industries was organized as the Department of Engineering and Industries, which included the Division of Graphic Arts. Tolman hired Jacob Kainen as an aide in 1942, who became Curator of the Division when Tolman was reassigned as Director of the National Collection of Fine Arts in 1946.

When USNM was reorganized in 1957, the Division of Graphic Arts began reporting to a Department of Arts and Manufactures in the Museum of History and Technology (MHT). Prior to this reorganization, Kainen worked on developing the color printmaking collection and added more antique printing presses to the collections of prints and tools, with assistance from museum aides Eugene J. Fite and Fuller O. Griffith III. In 1960, Eugene N. Ostroff joined the Division as Associate Curator and eventually became Curator of the Division of Graphic Arts at Kainen's retirement in September 1966.

In 1969, MHT was organized as the National Museum of History and Technology, and the Division of Graphic Arts merged with the Section of Photography to become a Division of Graphic Arts and Photography, which reported to the Department of Applied Arts.

Research of the Division of Graphic Arts centered on the history of printing technology. The Division documented the techniques, materials, and equipment used in writing, drawing, line engraving, etching, photogravure, lithography, halftone printing, silk-screen stencil, papermaking, calligraphy, and bookbinding. The Division also prepared exhibitions of tools, heavy machinery, and supplies used in the printmaking process, most of which became part of the Hall of Graphic Arts.

Curators and staff of the Division included Sylvester Rosa Koehler, Curator, 1886-1900; Paul Brockett, Custodian, 1904-1920; Ruel P. Tolman, museum aide, 1912-1919, Assistant Curator, 1920-1931, Curator, 1932-1946; Ralph Clifton Smith, museum aide, 1921-1926; C. Allen Sherwin, museum aide, 1935-1937; Jacob Kainen, museum aide, 1942-1945, Curator, 1946-1966; Eugene J. Fite, museum aide, 1947-1950, Assistant Curator, 1951; Fuller O. Griffith III, museum aide, 1955-1957, Assistant Curator, 1958-1960, Associate Curator, 1961-1964; Peter Morse, Associate Curator, 1965-1967; Eugene N. Ostroff, Associate Curator, 1960-1966, Curator, 1966- ; and Elizabeth M. Harris, Assistant Curator, 1965- .
Topic:
Graphic arts  Search this
Photography  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Women museum curators  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Floor plans
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Illustrations
Architectural drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 206, National Museum of History and Technology. Division of Graphic Arts and Photography, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 206
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0206

Department of Arts and Industries - Section of Graphic Arts: Annual Report 1888 - 1889

Creator:
United States National Museum Section of Graphic Arts  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum Department of Arts and Industries  Search this
Type:
Reports
Date:
1888
1888 - 1889
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Administration  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000158 [SIA_000158_B02_F08]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_398879

Department of Arts and Industries - Section of Graphic Arts: Annual Report 1889 - 1890

Creator:
United States National Museum Section of Graphic Arts  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum Department of Arts and Industries  Search this
Type:
Reports
Date:
1889
1889 - 1890
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Administration  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000158 [SIA_000158_B02_F09]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_398880

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