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Lewis & Valentine company records

Creator:
Lewis & Valentine Company  Search this
Donor:
Lewis, Hewlett Withington  Search this
Names:
Lewis & Valentine Company  Search this
Longwood Gardens (Kennett Square, Pa.)  Search this
Rodin Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Lewis, Harold Carman  Search this
Owner:
Auchincloss, Hugh D.  Search this
Du Pont, Eugene  Search this
Kahn, Otto Hermann, 1867-1934  Search this
Schwab, Charles M., 1862-1939  Search this
Stotesbury, Edward Townsend, 1849-1938  Search this
Woolworth, F. W.  Search this
du Pont, Pierre S.  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (documents, 366 photographs, 1 videotape.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Brochures
Books
Lists
Correspondence
Trade catalogs
Photographs
Place:
New York (State) -- Greenvale
New York (State) -- Roslyn
Date:
1916-1971
Summary:
The Lewis & Valentine Company Collection contains records of the Lewis & Valentine Company dating from 1916 to 1971 including photographs, negatives, brochures, books, trade catalogs, company papers, letters from clients, customer lists and a history of the company written by Harold Carman Lewis. Photographs document the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia, estates in Long Island, New York, and the properties of Hugh D. Auchincloss, Eugene du Pont, Walter P. Chrysler, Otto H. Kahn, F. W. Woolworth, Pierre S. du Pont (Longwood Gardens), Charles M. Schwab and Edward T. Stotesbury. This collection contains only a sampling of the records of Lewis & Valentine and should not be considered comprehensive.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into 3 series:

Series 1: Documents Series 2: Photographs Series 3: Videotape
Biographical/Historical note:
Specializing in moving and replanting large trees, Lewis & Valentine was one of the most prominent landscape contracting companies in the eastern United States during the first half of the twentieth century. The Lewis & Valentine Company was formed by five brothers whose father had hoped that his sons would grow up to be lawyers. Instead, the Lewis brothers formed a landscape design, installation and nursery firm that specialized in developing "successful methods for transplanting full-grown trees." Their success was based on "doing well the task which is usually considered impossible."

The company was the inspiration of H.C. Lewis, the oldest of seven brothers, who believed that estate owners should have the luxury of immediate landscapes, rather than waiting decades for their landscapes to mature. The Lewis brothers started their business in the early 1900s. Shortly afterwards, a Mr. Valentine, roommate of Albert Addison Lewis at the Amherst Landscape School in Massachusetts, invested in the business. After three years Mr. Valentine moved on and the Lewis brothers bought back his interest, but continued to keep Valentine part of the company's name.

Lewis & Valentine was the largest firm in America devoted to transplainting mature trees in the years leading up to the Great Depression. It claimed to be "the most experienced and most versatile, backed by an intimate knowledge of horticulture and the development of fine estates." The company was noted as a leader in providing complete landscape services, from selling and guaranteeing the plants, to designing and installation, requiring that its staff be men "of good character and not afraid of hard work." This was evident in the firm's principle of no limitations to the size of trees that they were willing to deliver. The trees were often full-grown and ranged in age from twenty to a hundred years old. Many were so large that 20 or more tons of earth had to be moved during the relocation process.

During its first 25 years in business, Lewis & Valentine opened nineteen offices east of the Mississippi serving such notable clients as Charles A. Schwab and Pierre du Pont at his estate, Longwood. The business was set up as an organization of independent companies. Each was incorporated under the laws of the state in which it operated. The offices were located in Connecticut (Darien), Florida (Palm Beach), Illinois (Chicago), Maryland (Baltimore), Massachusetts (Boston and Hanover), Michigan (Detroit), Pennsylvania (Ardmore and Pittsburg), New Jersey (Ashbury Park and Morristown), New York (Buffalo, Roslyn-Long Island, Rye, Valley Stream-Long Island, New York City), North Carolina (Winston-Salem) and Ohio (Cleveland and Cincinnati). Although no longer owned by any members of the Lewis family, the company still exists and operates in Long Island under the name Lewis & Valentine Nurseries.
Provenance:
Gift from Hewlett Withington Lewis, former owner of Lewis & Valentine Nurseries.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Nurseries (Horticulture) -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- New York (State)  Search this
Tree moving  Search this
Landscape gardening -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Brochures
Books
Lists
Correspondence
Trade catalogs
Photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Lewis & Valentine Company Records.
Identifier:
AAG.LVC
See more items in:
Lewis & Valentine company records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-lvc
Online Media:

MS 2431 Archaeological Notes, sketches, and letters

Creator:
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Bruff, Joseph Goldsborough, 1804-1889  Search this
Trowbridge, David, 1945-  Search this
Correspondent:
Mitchell, Augustus  Search this
Addressee:
Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878  Search this
Names:
Pitchlynn, Peter Perkins, 1806-1881  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Place:
United States -- Archeology
Date:
1880s
Scope and Contents:
Materials from various persons used by O. T. Mason in Smithsonian Annual Reports, 1874 - 1879 & 1881 - 1883.
1) Most have been published (although not necessarily verbatim). unpublished letters and maps include: Mitchell, Augustus to Joseph Henry, August 24, 1873. "Crude Thoughts on American Indians." Discusses visit of P. Pitchlynn to author at Portland, Me., 1846. 2) Bruff. J. Goldsborough to Joseph Henry, February 10, 1873. concerning human face carved on rock near Chain Bridge, Potomac River. 3) Trowbridge, David, December 14, 1876 "Ancient Fort and Burial Ground". with map (area of Waterburgh, New York).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2431
Topic:
Archeology -- Potomac River  Search this
New York (State) -- Waterburgh -- Archeology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 2431, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2431
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2431

Untermyer Family Slide collection

Photographer:
Untermyer, Samuel, II  Search this
Creator:
Lord And Burnham  Search this
Samuel Untermyer Park and Gardens  Search this
Former owner:
Waring, John, b. 1820  Search this
Tilden, Samuel J., 1814-1886  Search this
Untermyer, Samuel, 1858-1940  Search this
Donor:
Untermyer, Frank  Search this
Landscape architect:
Bosworth, Welles, 1869-1966  Search this
Architect:
Freelander, Joseph H., 1870-1943  Search this
Hatch, John Davis  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (119 glass 35mm slides; 1 photographic print (2 1/2 X 3 1/2 in). , 2" x 2")
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
New York (State) -- Yonkers
Greystone (Yonkers, New York)
Date:
circa 1940
Summary:
The Untermyer Family Slide Collection includes 119 glass 35mm slides documenting the grounds of Samuel Untermyer's estate, Greystone. In addition to general garden views, the images depict architectural features, vistas from the property, and interior shots of Greystone's greenhouse. The slides are not captioned or dated. The photographer was Samuel Untermyer II, the grandson of Samuel Untermyer.
Biographical/Historical note:
Samuel Untermyer was born in 1858 in Lynchburg, Virginia, the son of German immigrants. Untermyer was a New York lawyer who began practicing law at 18 and was admitted to the bar in New York in 1879. He established himself as a corporation attorney and became known for corporate mergers and arranging financing for industries and real estate developments. His most famous merger was with Utah Copper Co. and the Nevada Consolidated Companies which created Bethlehem Steel. Untermyer purchased Greystone in 1899 at an auction of the estate of Samuel J. Tilden.

The first owner of Greystone was John Waring, a hat manufacturer, from Yonkers, New York. The house was named Greystone for the grey granite that was quarried nearby and used to construct the house. John Davis Hatch designed the residence.

Samuel J. Tilden, a lawyer and former governor of New York (1874-1876) and unsuccessful Presidential candidate against Rutherford B. Hayes (1876) bought Greystone for a summer residence in 1879. Tilden constructed a large greenhouse complex including a Lord & Burnham greenhouse. Tilden died in 1886 leaving the bulk of his estate to what was later to become the New York Public Library. His two nephews contested the will, and it took ten years to resolve the estate.

Untermyer owned Greystone from 1899-1940. He hired the architect Joseph H. Freelander to remodel the mansion. The estate was 150 acres and famous for its Beaux-Arts gardens designed by William Welles Bosworth. Bosworth's gardens included the Greek Garden; a long staircase, known as the Vista, with a Hudson River view; a rock garden with an overlook called the Eagle's Nest; and an Italian-style vegetable garden constructed as five large terraces. At Untermyer's death in 1940, the estate was divided and sixteen acres donated to the city of Yonkers as "Samuel Untermyer Park and Gardens."
Related Materials:
Three photographic prints of Greystone in the Alfred Branam manuscript.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Yonkers  Search this
Orchids  Search this
Sundials  Search this
Greenhouses  Search this
Rock gardens  Search this
Pergolas  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Vista  Search this
Vegetable gardening  Search this
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Untermyer Family Slide Collection
Identifier:
AAG.UNT
See more items in:
Untermyer Family Slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-unt
Online Media:

Oyster Bay -- Rynwood

Former owner:
Salvage, Samuel A. Mrs. Sir  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Innocenti & Webel  Search this
Architect:
Bullard, Roger Harrington  Search this
Owners:
Banfi Vintners  Search this
Provenance:
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Rynwood (Glen Head, N.Y.)
New York (State) -- Glen Head
United States of America -- New York -- Nassau County -- Oyster Bay -- Glen Head
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, garden plan, and copies of articles.
General:
The gardens at Rynwood, originally designed by Ellen Shipman were replanted in 1982 by Innocenti & Webel for minimum care. Today the gardens feature 45 acres of vineyard, started in 1982, along with formal lawn terraces. A reflecting pool is approached by descending steps in Lutyens' style from the upper lawn terrace.
Persons associated with the garden include: Sir Samuel Agar Salvage (former owner, 1927-1946); Miss Margaret Emerson, widow of Alfred G. Vanderbilt, daughter of Isaac Emerson (former owner, 1946-1960), Frederick Wm. Irving Lundy (former owner, 1960-1977); Banfi Wine Corporation (owners, 1979-present); Roger Harrington Bullard (architect, 1927); Dr. Marcello Matteini and Mark Hampton (interior designers, 1980); Ellen Shipman (landscape architect, 1927); Innocenti & Webel (landscape architects, 1982); and Banfi Vintners (owners, 1979- ).
Related Materials:
Rynwood related holdings consist of 2 folders (42 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Glen Head  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY117
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref26991

Cold Spring Harbor -- Nethermuir

Provenance:
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Three Harbors Garden Club  Search this
J. Horace McFarland Company  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
New York (State) -- Cold Spring Harbor
Nethermuir (Cold Spring Harbor, NY)
United States of America -- New York -- Suffolk County -- Cold Spring Harbor
Scope and Contents:
The folders include a worksheet, site map, copies of articles, plant list.
Former Title:
The Henry W. de Forest Estate.
General:
This property comprises lands formerly part of the Henry Wheeler de Forest estate. The buildings include Ballybung, built on site of the demolished mansion, and Airslie, a Federal-period farmhouse. Close to the water's edge, the de Forest family erected an Italianate-style house, which they called Nethermuir. The grounds slope down to the water, and were planted with rare trees such as cryptomeria, ginkgo, beeches, and fir. According to a 1921 visit to the garden by the Garden Club of America, the garden was an "old-fashioned walled garden" with best blooming times in May and June. Henry W. de Forest contracted with Olmsted Borthers to create the walled garden. Wooden arbors existed at the lower end, while a free-standing stone tea house and wrought-iron gates remain near the six planting quadrants. The specialty was dogwood and wall plantings. The formal walled garden was later subdivided into three separate parcels. Today, much of the box remains, but little, if any, other plant material survives. Several features include winding paths, open spaces with garden vistas, and the curved driveway at Airslie House.
Persons and organizations associated with this garden include:Henry W. deForest (former owner); The Jones family (former owners, 1785-1978); Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (owner, 1978-present); Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. (landscape architect, 1906, 1909); Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects)
Related Materials:
Nethermuir related holdings consist of 3 folders (8 glass lantern slides; 2 b&w photoprints; and 6 35 mm. slides)
Many drawings and photographs exist at Fairsted, Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03175, Henry and Julia DeForest.
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland Company Collection, 1900-1961.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Cold Spring Harbor  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY074
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref26745

New York -- Kenneth D. Smith Gardens

Former owner:
Smith, Kenneth D.  Search this
Smith, Catherine Hemingway  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
New York (State) -- Staten Island
Kenneth D. Smith Gardens (Staten Island, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Richmond County -- New York -- Staten Island
Scope and Contents:
The folders include a worksheet, site plan, magazine articles, and copies of newspaper articles.
General:
The former owners, Kenneth D. and Catherine Hemingway Smith, worked at hybridization and gardening. Kenneth and Catherine bred irises such as Repartee and Bread and Wine. The garden was designed for color in all seasons with daffodils, azaleas, rhododendrons, irises, hemerocallis, and herbaceous perennials. After the property was sold, it was subdivided. The garden no longer exists.
Persons associated with this garden include: Kenneth D. Smith (former owner, ? - 1951); Kenneth D. and Catherine Hemmingway Smith (former owners, 1951-1965); and Catherine Hemmingway Smith (former owner, 1965-1975).
Related Materials:
Kenneth D. Smith Gardens related holdings consist of 2 folders (6 35 mm. slides and 10 photoprints)
See others in:
Roche Collection, ca. 1954-1970.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Staten Island  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY499
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref26928

Old Westbury -- Knole

Architect:
Hastings, Thomas  Search this
Carrère & Hastings  Search this
Former owner:
Duryea, Herman  Search this
Martin, Bradley  Search this
Landscape architect:
Lewis & Valentine Company  Search this
Provenance:
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Knole (Old Westbury, New York)
New York (State) -- Old Westbury
United States of America -- New York -- Nassau County -- Westbury
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, garden plans, photocopies of house, and several photocopies of articles about the garden.
General:
Situated on the top of a hill, Knole has been classified as a Beaux-Arts mansion and a Palladian-style villa. It was named after Sackville West's "Knole" in Sevenoaks, Kent, England. Thirty-three acres remained of the original estate as of 1985. The garden includes alles, terraces, formal gardens, a foly of limestone arches, court yard, water garden, and two walks--The Long Walk, and The Grassed Walk. A Le Notre style treillage originally surrounded the entire back of garden.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: Herman B. Duryea (former owner, 1902-1903); Bradley Martin (former owner, 1907-1963); Carrere & Hastings (architects, 1902-1903); Thomas Hastings (architect, 1902-1903); and Lewis & Valentine (landscape architects (1902-1903).
Related Materials:
Knole related holdings consist of 2 folders (32 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Old Westbury  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY435
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref26964

Brookville -- Hillwood

Former owner:
Hutton, Edward F. Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Prime, William A. Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Post, Marjorie Merriweather  Search this
Landscape architect:
Coffin, Marian Cruger, 1876-1957  Search this
Architect:
Hart, Charles M.  Search this
Hart & Shape  Search this
Owner:
Long Island University. C. W. Post College  Search this
Suppliers:
Lewis & Valentine Company  Search this
Provenance:
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
New York (State) -- Brookville
Hillwood (Brookville, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Nassau County -- Oyster Bay -- Brookville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, landscape plans, copies of photographs, and copies of articles and programs.
General:
This Hillwood was owned by Mr. and Mrs. Edward F. Hutton. After the Hutton's divorce in 1935, Hillwood became the property of Marjorie (formerly Mrs. Hutton) and her second husband Joseph E. Davies. Mrs. E. F. Hutton, after several divorces, was later known as Mrs. Marjorie Merriweather Post. Long Island University bought the property in 1947 to use it as one of their off-campus locations. Classes began in the mansion in 1951. The University then named the property after Marjorie Merriweather Post's father, Charles William Post, to become C. W. Post College. In 1955, Mrs. Post built a separate estate in Washington, DC, and named it "Hillwood." This is now Hillwood Museum and Gardens.
(The Fine Arts Center, located on the college property, was originally owned by Mr. E.F. Hutton, who built it after his divorce from Marjorie. He hired Marian Coffin to design this property as well.)
Persons and organizations associated with this garden include: Mr. and Mrs. William A. Prime (former owners, 1911); Mr. and Mrs. Edward F. Hutton (former owners, 1921-ca.1940); Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Davies (former owners); (Marian Coffin (landscape architect, 1921-1929); Charles M. Hart (architect, 1921); Hart & Shape (architects); and Long Island University, C.W. Post College (owners, 1947-present).
Earliest slides are taken from published sources.
Related Materials:
Hillwood related holdings consist of 3 folders (20 35 mm. slides)
Another repository of images (23) of this garden is the Richard E. Ballard Collection at Winterthur Museum, Delaware.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Brookville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY460
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref27001

Wes Taukchiray photograph collection of American Indians

Collector:
Taukchiray, Wes  Search this
Red Thunder Cloud, 1919-1996  Search this
Author:
Red Thunder Cloud, 1919-1996  Search this
Extent:
180 Copy prints (circa)
3 Color prints
57 Copy negatives (circa)
1 Print (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Montauk  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Pee Dee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Lumbee  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Shinnecock  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Color prints
Copy negatives
Prints
Photographs
Place:
New York (State)
South Carolina
Rhode Island
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by Wes Taukchiray, probably during work with American Indian groups in the 1970s and 1980s. The collection largely consists of images and narratives depicting Narragansett, Montauk, and Shinnecock Indians, most of which comes from "Rare Eastern Indian Photo Series" distributed by Red Thunder Cloud, a common correspondent of Taukchiray. It also includes one image of a member of the Clark family near Summerville, South Carolina and one image of Tuscarora or Lumbee Indians Will and Roberta Bullard Locklear in their home in the Chavis Settlement in North Carolina, made by Mark Price of the Fayetteville [North Carolina] Times and collected while Taukchiray was living with them in the 1980s. There are two photographs of Chief Hudson Crummie, possibly a Pee Dee Indian, during a visit by Taukchiray, as well as six photographs depicting Tunica Indians and artifacts and some images of Alabama and Catawba Indians.
Biographical/Historical note:
Wes Taukchiray, born Wes White in 1948, is an ethnohistorian and author of numerous publications about Indians of the American Southeast, particularly South Carolina. In 1969 he began trying to determine the origins of the Four Holes Indian Community and other American Indian groups in South Carolina; this work was continued in contract work in 1974 and 1975 for the Smithsonian Institution's Center for the Study of Man. From 1972-1982 he worked as a private researcher and genealogist based in the South Carolina Archives. He was employed by the Lumbee Regional Development Association (1976-77) before becoming the main researcher for the Indian Law Unit of the Lumbee River Legal Services (1982), where he cowrote the Lumbee tribe's petition for federal recognition. In 1988, he changed his name to Taukchiray, which means "white" in the Catawba language.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R98-45, NAA Photo Lot 97-3, NAA Photo Lot 88-3, NAA Photo Lot 83-6, NAA Photo Lot 81-65, NAA Photo Lot 77-65
Reproduction Note:
Most of the copy prints and negatives made by Smithsonian Institution, 1977, 1980, 1997, 1999.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photo Lot 97-3, Photo Lot 88-3, Photo Lot 83-6, Photo Lot 81-65, and Photo Lot 77-65 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot R98-45. These photographs were also collected by Wes Taukchiray and form part of this collection.
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Lumbee petition for federal acknowledgement 1987 (MS 7523).
Wes (White) Taukchiray's papers from his work for the Center for the Study of Man can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Records of the Center for the Study of Man.
Provenance:
Donated by Wes Taukchiray in 1977, 1980, 1982, 1988, 1996, and 1998.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
The copy prints in this collection have been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access. The images from printed sources will not be reproduced unless the researcher can establish that relevant copyrights have expired.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R98-45, Wes Taukchiray photograph collection of Narragansett, Montauk, Shinnecock, and Tunica Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R98-45
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r98-45

Down the Gorge and over the Falls of the Genesee from R.R. bridge, Portage. [Active no. 13501 : stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Aerial views
Topographical views
Aerial photographs
Place:
Genesee River (New York)
Portage (New York)
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Scope and Contents:
Aerial view.
Arrangement:
Formerly stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162]. Original number, 331-A-1.
Local Numbers:
AC0143-0000143 (AC Scan No.)

RSN 143
General:
Similar to RSN 343; "C.W.W./N.Y. '06" on envelope.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Canyons -- New York  Search this
Rapids -- New York  Search this
Waterfalls -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations) -- New York
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Aerial views
Topographical views
Aerial Photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1018
Online Media:

Upper Falls of the Genesee River and railway bridge, Portage. [Active no. 13502 : stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Genesee River (N.Y.)
Portage (N.Y.)
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 144
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
Similar to RSN 344; "C.W.W./N.Y. '06" on envelope. Orig. no. 332-A.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bridges -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Rivers -- New York  Search this
Trains -- New York  Search this
Waterfalls -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1019

Beautiful Middle Falls of the Genesee with Erie Ry. bridge in distance, Portage. [Active no. 13503 : stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Genesee River (N.Y.)
Portage (N.Y.)
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 145
General:
Same as RSN 345, 404 and 405; "C.W.W./N.Y. '06" on envelope; 328-E on plate? Cancellation scratches.
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162]
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bridges -- New York  Search this
Rivers -- New York  Search this
Waterfalls -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations) -- New York
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1020

A glimpse of one of nature's beauty spots, Genesee River and Falls, Portage. [Active no. 13504 : stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Genesee River (New York)
Portage (N.Y.)
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 146
General:
Similar to RSN 346; "C.W.W./N.Y. '06" on envelope; 329-1 on plate?
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Trees -- New York.  Search this
Rivers -- New York  Search this
Forests -- New York  Search this
Waterfalls -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations) -- New York
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1021

Famous High Banks of the Genesee from near the gates of Glen Iris, Portage. [Active no. 13506 : photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Genesee River (N.Y.)
Portage (N.Y.)
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 148
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
Similar to RSN 348; "C.W.W./N.Y. '06" on envelope. Orig. no. 333-1.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Trees -- New York.  Search this
Rivers -- New York (State)  Search this
Canyons  Search this
Gorges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations) -- New York
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1023

A five-acre bed of head lettuce ready for the market. [Active no. 13511 : stereo photonegaive]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
New York (State)
Local Numbers:
RSN 150
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
Similar to RSN 350. Orig. nos. 343-3; 104. Very thin (underexposed?) negative.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Agriculture -- New York  Search this
Fields -- New York  Search this
Lettuce -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations) -- New York
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1024

The breaker house of the great Retsof salt mine, Retsof. [Active no. 13516 : stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Stereoscopic photographs
Photographs
Place:
Retsof
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Arrangement:
Formerly stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
Local Numbers:
AC0143-0000151 (AC Scan No.)

RSN 151
General:
Similar to RSN 351; "C.W.W. N.Y. '06" on envelope. Original no. 337-A.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mines and mineral resources -- New York  Search this
Railroads -- New York  Search this
Salt mining -- New York  Search this
Smokestacks -- New York  Search this
Stations -- New York  Search this
Trains -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereoscopic photographs
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1025
Online Media:

Loading rock salt into cars--60 carloads per day, Retsof. [Active no. 13519 : stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Retsof
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 152
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
Similar to RSN 353; "C.W.W. N.Y. '06" on envelope. Orig. no. 338-B.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Laborers -- New York  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- New York  Search this
Railroads -- New York  Search this
Salt mining -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1026

On the famous Hudson River--entering the Highlands from forward deck of Steamer Albany. [Active no. 13520 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Names:
Albany Steamer  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hudson River
New York (State)
Local Numbers:
RSN 153
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
Similar to RSN 354. Orig. no. 407.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Rivers -- New York  Search this
Boats -- New York  Search this
Steamers -- New York  Search this
Waterscapes -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1027

[Passengers on bow of ship on river. Stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Names:
Albany Steamer  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hudson River
New York (State)
Local Numbers:
RSN 154
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
"Dup. of 414" on envelope. Orig. no. 415.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Rivers -- New York  Search this
Boats -- New York  Search this
Steamers -- New York  Search this
Waterscapes -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1028

[Passengers on bow of ship on river. Stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
UNITED STATES--NEW YORK
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
White, C. W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
New York (State)
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 155
General:
Currently stored in box 1.1.2 [158], moved from [162].
"C.W.W. N.Y. '06" on envelope. Orig. no. 325-2.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Rivers -- New York (State)  Search this
Canyons  Search this
Gorges  Search this
Waterscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations) -- New York
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 109-192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1029

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