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671 documents - page 1 of 34

left to right: George J. T. Gunn, John W. Foster, George G. Jimenez, T. L. Shang, and Victor de Mattos Cardoso

Subject:
Foster, John W  Search this
Cardoso, Victor de Mattos  Search this
Shang, T. L  Search this
Gunn, George J. T  Search this
American Pacific Industrial Corporation  Search this
Banco Nacional de Comercio Exterior (Mexico)  Search this
Chinese Aeronautical Commission  Search this
China Kong jun American Volunteer Group  Search this
Jimenez, George G  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Brazil
Pará (Brazil : State)
Belém (Brazil)
Topic:
Electrification  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-1644]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_393414

Desmond X. Holdridge (d. 1946)

Creator:
Trenholm, Lee  Search this
Subject:
Holdridge, Desmond X. -1946  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Brazil
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-3906]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_393697

Envelope with Neoregelia carolinae Stamps

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Smith, Lyman B  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Botany  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 8 x 10;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Brazil
Date:
1977
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Envelopes (Stationery)  Search this
Postage stamps  Search this
Stamped envelopes  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000371 [96-928]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_397470

Jason Richard Swallen Field Notes, 1925-1963

Creator:
Swallen, Jason R (Jason Richard) 1903-1991  Search this
Subject:
Swallen, Jason R (Jason Richard) 1903-1991  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Canada
Mexico
Brazil
Honduras
South Africa
Florida
Texas
California
Colorado
Louisiana
Georgia
Oregon
Utah
Arkansas
Tennessee
Date:
1925
1925-1963
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 12-411
See more items in:
Field Book Project 1855-2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_355678

Cleofé E. Calderón Field Books, 1967-1981 and undated

Creator:
Calderón, Cleofé E  Search this
Subject:
Calderón, Cleofé E  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Scientific illustrations
Place:
Brazil
Panama
Colombia
Date:
1967
1967-1981
1967-1981 and undated
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Bamboo  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 12-005
See more items in:
Field Book Project 1855-2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_309826

Program Records, 1978-2002

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project  Search this
Subject:
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
5 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes)
Type:
Clippings
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Pamphlets
Floppy disks
Architectural drawings
Maps
Color negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Electronic records
Place:
Amazon River Region
Brazil
Date:
1978
1978-2002
Topic:
Biodiversity  Search this
Biotic communities  Search this
Conservation biology  Search this
Forest ecology  Search this
Forests and forestry  Search this
Research  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 08-098
See more items in:
Program Records 1978-2010 [Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_279679

Agency history, 1967-1971

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Vertebrate Zoology Belem Ecological Project  Search this
Subject:
Humphrey, Philip S (Philip Strong) 1926-2009  Search this
Belem Ecological Project  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
Brazil
Amazon River Region
Date:
1967
1967-1971
Topic:
Vertebrates  Search this
Vertebrate zoology  Search this
Ecology  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00029
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218085

Belem Ecological Project Records, 1967-1971

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Vertebrate Zoology  Search this
Subject:
Humphrey, Philip S (Philip Strong) 1926-2009  Search this
Belem Ecological Project  Search this
Physical description:
.25 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
Brazil
Amazon River Region
Date:
1967
1967-1971
Topic:
Vertebrates  Search this
Vertebrate zoology  Search this
Ecology  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00049
See more items in:
Belem Ecological Project Records 1967-1971 [National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Vertebrate Zoology]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219674

From Ferris Wheel down over French garden and building to Brazil, Siam, etc. [Active no. 5837 : stereo interpositive,]

Topic:
THE WORLD'S FAIR TOUR (LPE)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (pieces, 5" x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Brazil
France
Missouri
Siam
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Date:
1904
Local Numbers:
RSN 2285
General:
Currently stored in sinkmat boxes.
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Buildings -- Missouri  Search this
Portraits -- Missouri  Search this
Expositions -- Missouri  Search this
Gardens -- Missouri  Search this
World's fairs -- Missouri  Search this
Ferris wheels -- Missouri  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 2083-3069
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref26058

MS 3262 Sketches and photographs of pictographs from the upper Vaupés River, Amazonas, Brazil

Creator:
Sternberg, Flora E.  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
12 Items (black and white photographs )
4 Items (color photographs )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
These are of pictographs from the upper Rio Uaupes (Vaupes), Amazonas, Brazil, near the Columbian border. Includes letter of December 5, 1950, containing sketches and black and white photographs.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3262
Topic:
Pictographs -- Brazil  Search this
Brazil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 3262, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3262
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3262

MS 3300 31 Illustrations for Cushing's Zuni lecture

Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Number 3300: Original (?) drawings "To accompany Cushing's Zuni Lecture." Used as illustrations in 4th AR, Bureau of American Ethnology. Number 1. Tipi, water jar beside entrance (not used in AR ?) See Figure 490 ? 2. Plan of pueblo structure of lava. Figure 492. 3. Plan of pueblo structure of lava. Figure 493. 4. A typical cliff dwelling. Figure 498. 5. Gourd vessel enclosed in wicker. Figure 500. 6. (out ?) 7. Zuni earthen ware roasting tray. Figure 502. 8. Havasupai boiling basket. Figure 503. 9. Sketches illustrating the manufacture of spirally coiled basketry. Figure 504-5. 10. Ditto. Figure 506. 11. Typical basket decorations. Figures 507-8-9. 12. Terraced lozenge decoration or "double-splint-stitch forms" Figures 510-511. 13. Double splint stitch. Figures 512-513. 14. Diagonal parallel-line decoration. Figure 514. 15. Splints at neck of unfinished basket. Figure 515. 16. Corrugated decorations to repeat bsketry forms preceding. Figure (?) 17. Cooking pot of corrugated ware, showing conical projections near rim. Figure 518. 18. Ditto, showing modified projections near rim. Figure 519. 19. Wicker water bottle showing double loops for suspension. Figure 520. 20. Water bottle of corrugated ware showing double handle. Figure 521. 21. Ditto, showing plain bottom. Figure 522. 22. Food trencher of wicker work. Figure 523. 23. Ditto, inverted as used in forming food bowls of earthen ware. Figure 524. 24 to 38 (out) 39. Example of pueblo painted ornamentation. Figure 542. 40. Amazonian basket decorations. Figures 543-544. 41 to 44 (out) 45. Double lobed or hunter canteen. Figure 550. 46. Painting of deer (Figure 551); painting of sea-serpent (Figure 552). 47. The fret of basket decoration (Figure 553); The fret of pottery decoration (Figure 554); Scroll as evolved from fret in pottery decoration (Figure 555). 48 to 51 (out) 52. Rectangular type of earthen vessel. Figure 561. 53. (out). 54. Iroquois bark vessel. Figure 563.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3300
Local Note:
Filed with maps- large rolls.
Topic:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Habitations and other structures  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Basket making  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Basketry -- Brazil  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Basketry -- bark vessel  Search this
Brazil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 3300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3300
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3300

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Research  Search this
Extent:
114 cu. ft. (228 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Maps
Manuscripts
Place:
India
Egypt
Brazil
Aldabra Islands (Seychelles)
Date:
circa 1963-1986
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the administration, under David Challinor, of the science bureaus of the Smithsonian Institution, c. 1975-1985. Also included are a few records from 1971-1974 and 1986.

Series 1 consists of records of the offices reporting to the Assistant Secretary for Science, including the Center for the Study of Man and the National Anthropological Film Center, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Biological Studies, the Office of Biological Conservation, the Office of Fellowships and Grants, the National Air and Space Museum, the National Museum of Natural History, the National Zoological Park, the Radiation Biology Laboratory, the Fort Pierce Bureau, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Changes which occurred during the period include the termination of the Office of Biological Conservation and the Research Institute for Immigration and Ethnic Studies, the assignment of the Office of Fellowships and Grants to the Assistant Secretary for Science, the combination of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies and the Radiation Biology Laboratory into the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, and the renaming of the Ft. Pierce Bureau as the Marine Station at Link Port. Records pertaining to environmental and other activities in foreign countries have been brought together in this series under the International Environmental Sciences Program and the Environmental Science Program; however, scientists from most of the other bureaus participated in these programs.

Series 2 consists of administrative subject files. Budget and personnel records of the bureaus, particularly 1976, the "Transition Quarter, " and 1977 are particularly well represented, as are collections management and collection inventories. Also found in this series are records dealing with the Endangered Species Scientific Authority, the International Convention Advisory Commission, the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, and the Charles Darwin Research Station.

Due to the volume and the nature of the records, the goal of processing was to bring together many accessions for easier access rather than to perfect the arrangement. Dates and folder titles were used as found and may contain inconsistencies. Certain documents, such as budget, personnel, and records relating to the environmental activities of Smithsonian offices, are like to appear in both series.

Further material on the bureaus, programs, and projects covered in these records can be found in the records of the individual offices and museums which reported to the Assistant Secretary for Science (now Research).
Historical Note:
David Challinor served as Assistant Secretary for Science from 1971 until 1988. In 1985 the name of the position was changed to Assistant Secretary for Research. Ross B. Simons served as Program Manager, 1976-. The period documented in these records was one of expansion of facilities and extensive participation by the Smithsonian in local, national, and international environmental activities. Smithsonian scientists played an active part in the environmental movement through such projects as the study of the Rhode River ecosystem in Maryland, the coral reefs of Albadra in the Indian Ocean, and the soils of the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. At the same time, many of the science bureaus embarked on or completed ambitious projects in the museums.

The National Zoo completed the modernization of many of its animal quarters during this time, including the Great Ape House, the Lion-Tiger House, and the Monkey House. Important expansion included the acquisition of land at Front Royal, Virginia, in 1975, which culminated in the completion of the Conservation Research Center in 1983, where the Zoo can conserve and propagate exotic wildlife.

The National Museum of Natural History began the period with the establishment of a twenty-year plan for exhibitions. Projects completed included the Naturalist Center in 1976, the exhibition of a living coral reef in 1980, the Evans Gallery in 1981, and Magnificent Voyagers, concerning the Wilkes Expedition of 1838, in 1985. An on-line inventory of sixty million items in collections was completed in 1983 in connection with the opening of the Museum Support Center in Maryland. Other events included the initiation of the Handbook of North American Indians in 1975, the establishment of the National Anthropological Film Center in 1976, and the 75th anniversary of the museum in 1985.

The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory participated in such joint ventures as the building of the infra-red telescope, and the study of the 6,000 pound Old Woman Meteorite. The Multiple Mirror Telescope was built at Mt. Hopkins, Arizona.

The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) enjoyed a period of modernization of facilities and intense use by scientists under the Environmental Sciences Program to measure climatic and biological changes on Barro Colorado Island and obtain baseline data for future studies. The signing of the Panama Canal Treaties in 1977 solidified the position of the Institute.

The National Air and Space Museum (NASM) opened in 1976 and quickly became the most visited museum in the world. By 1984, the 75th millionth visitor had arrived. Projects undertaken by NASM's scientists and historians included the Quetzalcoatlus Project, the Space Telescope History Project, Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, and a series on the history of aviation. The annual Frisbee Festival began in 1977 and millions of visitors viewed the popular IMAX movies in the museum.

Other environmental activities included the Nepal Tiger Ecology Project, the Smithsonian Institution Peace Corps Environmental Program, the Coral Reef Symposium, and the Brazil and Amazon Ecosystems Project.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Research  Search this
Museums -- Employees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Maps
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 329, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Research, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 329
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0329

Marlboro Oral History and Documentation Project

Topic:
Marlboro (cigarette brand)
Creator:
Ellsworth, Scott, Dr.  Search this
Zinn, Manfredo  Search this
Marx, Dick  Search this
Nunez, Raul  Search this
Winfield, Darrel  Search this
Kwan, William  Search this
Kwong, Goddard  Search this
Adams, Hall  Search this
Landry, Jack  Search this
Arguelles, Rafael  Search this
Fockler, Knut  Search this
Philip Morris, Inc.  Search this
Gil, Felipe  Search this
Jarrard, Tom  Search this
Names:
Leo Burnett, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
17.4 Cubic feet (86 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color slides
Commercials
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Posters
Proofs (printed matter)
Newsletters
Articles
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Brazil -- advertising
Argentina -- advertising
China -- advertising
Hong Kong -- advertising
Switzerland -- advertising
West Germany -- advertising
Dominican Republic -- advertising
Date:
1926-1988
Scope and Contents:
The Marlboro Oral History and Documentation Project is the result of a two-year effort supported in part by a gift from Philip Morris, Inc. Sixty oral history interviews and a variety of television commercials, print advertising, promotional materials, packaging, and industry publications were gathered to document Marlboro cigarette advertising. The bulk of the collection focuses on the period between 1954 and 1986, and examines the "Marlboro man", "Settle Back" and "Marlboro Country" campaigns. The collection is a rich source of information for researchers interested in advertising and marketing history, issues of smoking and health, and the export of both tobacco and American cultural symbols abroad. The core of the collection is a series of interviews conducted during 1985-1987 by Dr. Scott Ellsworth, an independent scholar and oral historian. The broad range of interviewees included executives of Philip Morris, advertising agency personnel from Leo Burnett, photographers, production staff, sales and marketing personnel, and Marlboro cowboys. Twenty-seven interviews were conducted overseas, in Argentina, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Hong Kong, Switzerland, and West Germany. Conducted primarily with Marlboro licensee and affiliate staff, the interviews focus on the marketing and advertising history of Marlboro in the six nations. These interviews and others conducted with executives of Philip Morris International in New York City also address the history of Marlboro advertising in Africa, the Middle East, China, Eastern Europe and elsewhere in Europe and Latin America. The interviews cover events from the 1930s through the 1980s. They focus on the theory and development of Marlboro advertising, its content and creation, and its modifications over the years. The foreign interviews also discuss the structure of the local cigarette marketplace, marketing and advertising techniques, and the use and modification of Marlboro advertising for different cultures. Finding aids to the oral histories include abstracts of each interview indicating the major topic discussed, a cumulative index to personal names and topics in the interviews, and brief biographical and scope notes.
Arrangement:
Dthe collection is divided into seven series.

Series 1: Research Files, 1943-1987

Series 2, Interviewee Files, 1986

Series 3; Oral History Interviews, 1986

Series 4: Advertising Materials, 1926-1986

Series 5: Promotional items and packaging, 1926-1986

Series 6: Publications and Research Material, 1960-1988

Series 7: Travel Slides Generated by Project Team, 1926-1986
Biographical / Historical:
The history of Marlboro cigarettes offers insight into one of the great advertising and marketing success stories of the 20th century. Marlboro cigarettes were marketed from the Victorian era through the first half of this century as a women's cigarette, with tag-lines that aimed to appeal to female smokers, such as "Marlboro - Mild As May." In 1955, two transformations occurred which would affect both profitability and brand recognition: the addition of an integrated filter and the re-invention of the market through the debut of the "Marlboro Man" advertising campaign. The original Marlboro Man campaign featured close-up images of all kinds of men using the product -- the cowboy was one, along with lifeguards, sailors, drill sergeants, construction workers, gamblers and other types suggestive of a masculine spirit and rugged independence. By 1963, the "Marlboro Country" campaign began. This campaign focused on the cowboy and his symbolic canon: boots, hats, horses, and western landscapes. By the mid-1980s, Marlboro was the best-selling brand in the United States and the world, and the Marlboro cowboy was among the most widely recognized of American cultural symbols. Sold in over 180 nations, both the cigarettes and the ad campaign had become a global phenomena.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives Center by Philip Morris, Inc. in 1986.
Restrictions:
The materials in the Marlboro Collection are made available for research according to the established practices and principles of the Archives Center and the National Museum of American History.
Rights:
In making these materials available for research, the Smithsonian Institution makes no claims of ownership of the copyrights or related rights. All responsibility for infringement of legal authorship rights and or copyright is assumed by the user of the materials. In addition, the user indemnifies and holds harmless the Smithsonian Institution for all claims, actions, damages, judgments and expenses that may result from use of these materials. In addition, the donor has imposed restrictions on reproduction or broadcast of collection materials by third parties. The reproduction or broadcast of print ads and television commercials in the collection is subject to prior written consent from: Nancy Lund, Vice President, Marketing,Philip Morris International, 120 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10017;(917) 663-5000
Topic:
T.V. commercial producers  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Cinematographers  Search this
Accountants  Search this
advertising -- Cigarettes -- 20th century  Search this
Cowboys -- 20th century  Search this
Advertising, Newspaper -- 20th century  Search this
Smoking -- 1940-1990  Search this
Travel photography -- 1940-1990  Search this
Photography, Advertising -- 20th century  Search this
Advertising photography  Search this
Advertising campaigns -- 20th century  Search this
Cigarette industry -- 20th century  Search this
Cigarettes -- advertising -- 20th century  Search this
Advertising agencies -- 20th century  Search this
Television advertising -- Cigarettes -- 1940-1990  Search this
Advertising, magazine -- 20th century  Search this
Art directors  Search this
Copy writers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides -- 1960-1990
Commercials
Audiotapes -- 1980-1990
Videotapes
Posters
Proofs (printed matter)
Newsletters
Articles
Slides (photographs) -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Marlboro Oral History and Documentation Project, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0198
See more items in:
Marlboro Oral History and Documentation Project
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0198
Online Media:

Virginia Drew Watson papers

Creator:
Watson, Virginia  Search this
Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-2009  Search this
Cole, J. David, 1941-  Search this
Extent:
8.13 Linear feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Brazil
Papua New Guinea
Mato Grosso (Brazil : State)
Papua New Guinea -- Social life and customs
Papua New Guinea -- Antiquities
Date:
1930-2001
Summary:
Virginia Drew Watson was a cultural anthropologist best known for her work in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Her papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. The majority of the field work relates to her work in Papua New Guinea, both with her husband (James B. Watson) and with J. David Cole, but there are also materials related to her work in Brazil.
Scope and Contents:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. Her work could be conveniently separated into four areas: Brazil, Plains and Caddo Indians, Papua New Guinea ethnographic, and Papua New Guinea archaeology with Cole. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. Most of the correspondence is with colleagues doing related work in other museums or universities in the United States or Australia. A small part of the correspondence is with friends, including missionaries, who report relevant information of interest. The collection includes original field notes from Brazil, including notes from a lecture by Radcliffe-Brown in 1943. There are also original field notes from the Tairora, Agarabi, and Gadsup groups in Highland New Guinea. In addition, this collection includes a list of Watson's publications, a copy of most of them, and some reviews.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 series: (1) Correspondence, 1930s-2000; (2) Brazil, 1943-1955, 1966; (3) New Guinea, 1949-2000; (4) Manuscripts, 1939-2001; (5) Books/Monographs, 1942-1977, 1997; (6) Slides of PEHNG Archeological Sites, 1965-1973, undated
Biographical Note:
Virginia Drew Watson was born on June 17, 1918, in Tomah, Wisconsin. Her undergraduate work was completed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she received a PhB in Sociology (1940). She conducted graduate work for both AM (1943) and PhD (1965) degrees at the University of Chicago. She was a Fellow of both the American Anthropological Association and the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Virginia Watson's early work was in archaeology, but later she pursued both archaeology and socio-cultural anthropology. She married James B. Watson, a cultural anthropologist, in 1943. During that year they went to Brazil, where Virginia Watson's work was primarily ethnographic among the Cayua Indians of Mato Grosso. On the trip returning from the field to Sao Paulo the Watsons stopped at the archaeological site of Ciudad Real del Guayra. From 1944 to 1945 Watson worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The Watsons made two trips to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The first, 1954-1955, was funded by the Ford Foundation. Watson focused on socio-cultural aspects of the Tairora and Agarabi groups, and her work resulted in the 1965 publication of her dissertation, "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change." The Watsons' second Papua New Guinea trip was in 1963-1964. It was sponsored by the National Science Foundation and focused on the Tairora and Gadsup groups. For Virginia Watson, the second trip was partly connected to archaeological work previously carried out by J. David Cole. Due to illness, he was unable to analyze the mass of material (25,000 objects) that he had collected. Watson analyzed the material and produced publications, one of which was in collaboration with Cole.

Virginia Watson often held one or more part-time positions. As a graduate student in 1942, she was a part-time Lecturer in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. On returning from Brazil, the Watsons moved to Oklahoma University in Norman for one year. There, Watson supervised archeology students in sorting and putting in order the university collection of artifacts as well as directing them in the field. From 1948 to 1953 Watson was a Lecturer at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, and she also directed students in field work. During the St. Louis years the Watsons spent two summers studying the Anglo-Spanish community in Colorado. From 1957 to 1963 she was a Lecturer at Seattle University and from 1961 to 1971 she was also an Occasional Lecturer at the University of Washington, Seattle. From 1969 to 1989 Watson held the position of Affiliate Curator at the Burke Museum, University of Washington. After she retired, Virginia Watson spent her winters in Florida and her summers in Boulder, Colorado.

Virginia Watson died in 2007.

Sources Consulted

Watson, Virgina Drew. "Curriculum vitae, 2001, For National Anthropological Archives." Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

"James Watson III." Bangor Daily News, December 10, 2009.

Chronology

1918 -- Born on June 17 in Tomah, Wisconsin

1940 -- Earned PhB in Sociology from University of Wisconsin-Madison

1942 -- Lecturer in archaeology at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

1943 -- Earned AM from University of Chicago Married James B. Watson Field research of the Cayua Indians, Mato Grosso, Brazil

1944-1945 -- Worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil

1947 -- Special Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oklahoma, Norman

1948-1953 -- Lecturer in anthropology and archaeology at Washington University in St. Louis

1949-1950 -- Field research of the Anglo-Spanish community, Del Norte, Colorado

1953-1955 -- First field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1957-1963 -- Lecturer in anthropology at Seattle University

1961-1971 -- Lecturer in anthropology at the University of Washington, Seattle

1963-1964 -- Second field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1965 -- Earned PhD from the University of Chicago Published dissertation: "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change"

1969-1989 -- Affiliate Curator of Melanesian Archaeology at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington

2007 -- Died
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also has the papers of Virginia D. Watson's husband, James Bennett Watson.
Provenance:
Virginia Drew Watson donated her papers to the National Anthropological Archives in 2002.
Restrictions:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers are open for research.

Access to the Virginia Drew Watson papers requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2002-12
See more items in:
Virginia Drew Watson papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2002-12

William McCloskey Fishing and World Fisheries Photographic Collection

Creator:
McCloskey, William B., 1928-  Search this
Extent:
5.3 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Photographs
Field notes
Place:
Portugal
Peru
Vietnam
Taiwan
Singapore
Indonesia
India
Malaysia
Japan
Burma
Brazil
Chile
Canada
Alaska
Norway
New England
New Zealand
Date:
1952-2005
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of photographic slides taken by McCloskey while aboard commerical fishing vessels. The photographs were taken in bodies of water spanning the globe, including those off the coasts of Japan, New Zealand, Alaska, New England, Canada, Norway, Taiwan, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, India, Burma, Chile, Peru, the Caribbean, Portugal and numerous other places. In addition, there are photographs taken aboard fishing boats on rivers, including those in China and in Brazil. Also included in the collection are field notebooks kept by McCloskey, articles and other printed materials, and papers relating to two of McCloskey's books on fishing.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Photographs

Series 2: Field notebooks

Series 3: Printed materials
Biographical / Historical:
Author, photographer, and authority on commerical fishing, fisheries and fishing boats.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by William B. McCloskey in 2010.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Sealing  Search this
Rivers -- China  Search this
Rivers -- Brazil  Search this
Rivers  Search this
Whaling  Search this
Trawlers (Vessels)  Search this
Fisheries  Search this
Fisheries -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Crabbing  Search this
Fur trade  Search this
Ocean  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Fishing boats  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Photographs -- Color transparencies -- 2000-2010
Photographs -- Color transparencies -- 1950-2000
Field notes
Citation:
William McCloskey Fishing and World Fisheries Photographic Collection, 1952-2005, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1192
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1192

The roadway through a forest of bamboo, Brazil. 18701 Interpositive

Topic:
SOUTH AMERICA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3 3/4" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Brazil
Local Numbers:
RSN 7970

Video number 07134
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.14 [19]
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bamboo -- Brazil  Search this
Forests -- Brazil  Search this
Roads -- Brazil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 7880-7985
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17255

In the public gardens, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 18702 Interpositive

Topic:
SOUTH AMERICA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3 3/4" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Local Numbers:
RSN 7971

Video number 07135
General:
Same as RSN 7972 and 7973.
Currently stored in box 1.2.14 [19].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gardens -- Brazil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 7880-7985
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17256

In the public gardens, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 18702 Interpositive

Topic:
SOUTH AMERICA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3 3/4" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Local Numbers:
RSN 7972

Video number 07136
General:
Same as RSN 7971 and 7973.
Currently stored in box 1.2.14 [19].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gardens -- Brazil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 7880-7985
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17257

In the public gardens, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 18702 Interpositive

Topic:
SOUTH AMERICA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3 3/4" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Local Numbers:
RSN 7973

Video number 07137
General:
Same as RSN 7971 and 7972.
Currently stored in box 1.2.14 [19].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gardens -- Brazil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 7880-7985
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17258

Avenue of palms in the Botanical Gardens, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. [Active no. 18703 : stereo interpositive.]

Topic:
SOUTH AMERICA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Local Numbers:
RSN 7974

Video number 07138
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.14 [19].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Botanical gardens -- Brazil  Search this
Palm trees -- Brazil  Search this
Trees -- Brazil  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 7880-7985
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17259

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