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Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection

Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Extent:
65 Cubic feet (124 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1900-2012, undated
Summary:
Duncan Schiedt (1921-2014) was a jazz scholar, writer, photographer, film maker, researcher and pianist. He authored four books relating to jazz history. Many of his photographs and articles were featured in magazines, periodicals and documentaries. Schiedt also collected the work of other photographers on the subject of jazz. The collection primarily consists of photographs created by or collected by Mr. Schiedt.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of Schiedt's own photographs of jazz performers, photographs of jazz performers taken by other photographers, research notes, films, and recordings of jazz.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1: Background Information and Research Materials, 1915-2012, undated

Series 2: Photographic Materials, 1900-2012, undated

Subseries 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives, 1915-2012

Subseries 2.2: Artist Files Photographs, 1900-2000, undated

Subseries 2.3: Subject Files Photographs, 1916-2002, undated

Subseries 2.4: Roscoe Allen Photographic Prints, undated

Subseries 2.5: Individual Instrumentalists Photographic Prints and Negatives, 1938-1990, undated

Subseries 2.6: John Minor Negatives, undated

Subseries 2.7: Indianapolis Theater Photographic Prints and Negatives, 1935-1956, undated

Subseries 2.8: Theater and Vaudeville Negatives, 1910-1948, undated

Subseries 2.9: Glass Plate Negatives and Copy Prints, undated

Subseries 2.10: Publicity and Festival Negatives, 1930-1962, undated

Series 3: Charles T (Ted) Grubb Papers, 1919-1999, undated

Series 4: Scrapbooks, 1901-1950, undated

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials, undated
Biographical / Historical:
For over sixty-five years, professional photographer Duncan Preston Schiedt combined his love of jazz with his love of photography. Born in 1921 in Atlantic City, New Jersey to Jacob and Kitty Schiedt, he later moved with his family to New York City. In the mid-1930s, he discovered the two loves of his life. Ironically, he first heard jazz or "swing music" as it was then known in a radio broadcast while attending a boys' school in England in 1936. Back in the States by 1938, he was enthralled when a friend showed him his basement darkroom and taught him how to develop film. He soon bought his own camera and began taking pictures in the Times Square movie palaces, nightclubs, and big band shows of New York. In World War II, he served as a cameraman in the Army Air Force, where he recorded atomic bomb tests in the western Pacific area, including Bikini Atoll.

In 1950, Schiedt married Betty Benjamin and moved to Hollywood where he worked at the Atomic Energy Commission's film laboratory for eight months. After returning to civilian life, he worked as a photographer in advertising in New York before moving in 1951 to Pittsboro, Indiana, where his parents had relocated. He had two children, Cameron and Leslie.

Thereafter, his interests in jazz and photography merged and became more than a hobby, as he transformed himself into one of the country's leading jazz historians and photographers. He traveled the country to photograph performers in movie houses, night clubs, big-band shows, jazz festivals, and other venues. Schiedt always shot in black and white, since to him that was the essence of jazz. As he wrote in the introduction to his book, Jazz in Black and White: The Photographs of Duncan Schiedt, "Jazz is a black and white music. Its range, from blinding brilliance to deepest shadings, seems to demand the drama that black and white can so easily provide. Consequently, when I take a photograph of a jazz subject, I see it in those terms."

He processed all his own film in his own darkroom so that any picture bearing his name was totally his own work. His photographs have been exhibited in numerous galleries, including the Birmingham Civil Rights Museum, the Chicago Public Library, the Indianapolis Museum of Art, and the Pensacola Art Museum. While shooting, Schiedt also interviewed his subjects, and those interviews added to his ever-growing scholarship in the field. He was the author of three books, The Jazz State of Indiana, Twelve Lives in Jazz,and Jazz in Black and White: The Photographs of Duncan Schiedt, and co-author of Ain't Misbehavin': The Story of Fats Waller. His photographs and articles have been published in the leading jazz periodicals and magazines. Over the years, he also amassed a first-rate collection of historical photographs of jazz musicians. Both his historical photographs and his original work were featured extensively in Ken Burns' Public Broadcasting Station series "Jazz." Duncan Schiedt died on March 12, 2014.
Related Materials:
Archives Center

Leonard Gaskin Papers
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2014 by Duncan Schiedt's daughter and son, Leslie Michel and Cameron Schiedt.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Music  Search this
Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1323
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1323
Online Media:

Historical Photographs and Negatives

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1915-2012
Scope and Contents:
Consists of over five thousand prints and negatives acquired by Duncan Scheidt to form what he hoped was a comprehensive selection of materials primarily for collectors such as himself. The prints and negatives are black and white images either created by or copied by Duncan Schiedt. Schiedt traded materials with other collectors preferring negatives or original photographs that had not been copied. In some cases he also loaned materials to individuals. Most of these images are identified although the spelling of individual artists and bands varies. Images tend to be of well-known artists but also include some lesser known jazz musicians and dance bands. Well-known musicians include Jelly Roll Morton, Bix Beiderbecke, Hoagy Carmichael, Jack Teagarden, Tommy Dorsey, Eubie Blake, Count Basie, Fletcher Henderson, Billie Holiday, Duke Ellington, Chick Webb Band, Gene Krupa, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Fats Waller, Sonny Greer, Louis Armstrong, Les Brown, Ella Fitzgerald, Woody Herman, Cab Calloway, Glenn Miller, Artie Shaw, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Muggsy Spanier, Jimmy Lunceford, Cootie Williams, Chick Webb and Blind Lemon Jefferson. The musicians are seen performing in a number of establishments primarily located in Illinois, Kentucky, New Jersey, New York, Louisiana, Florida, Washington, DC, Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Paris, France. Most of the images are dated and were assigned a number by Schiedt beginning with the letter "H" for historical. Some of the numbers are further identified by a letter of the alphabet, for example, H-827C. Schiedt created an index for purchasing photographic prints of these materials; however, it was not updated to include all of the negatives and ends with H2136.

The materials are arranged first by type and then by number. Boxes five through twelve contain the black and white photographic prints arranged by the "H" numbers. Boxes forty-three through forty-five are the index cards for these photographs also arranged by the "H" numbers. Boxes forty-six through seventy-two are black and white negatives arranged by the "H" numbers and listed here by name of subject. Some of the negatives are of the photographs in boxes five through twelve. Most of the negatives are dated and consist of individual portraits and candid images of jazz musicians and bands dating from the early 1900s through the 1980s. Box forty two contains material that was originally folded and housed in the enclosures with the negatives. These materials include captions about the images or notes and correspondence. They were unfolded and removed from the negative enclosures to provide proper housing. The materials are arranged by the "H" numbers.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1323, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref92

H-101, Chauncey L. Downs and his Rinkey Dinks, Kansas City, Missouri

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
late 1927
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1183

H-102, Paul Whiteman Orchestra

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1929
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1184

H-116, Dewey Jackson Gold Metal Orchestra

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1921
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1199

H-120, Earl Hines Orchestra, Apollo Theater, New York

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943 April
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1203

H-122, Blanche Calloway with baton

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1931
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1205

H-131, Fats Waller with Derby

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
early 1930s
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1214

H-139, Gene Krupa, movie still, RKO Film "Beat the Band"

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
early 1940s
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1222

H-150, Viola McCoy, blues singer, portrait

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1233

H-162, Ivy Anderson

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1245

H-164, Teddy Wilson Band, Cafe Society, New York, New York

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940 July
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1247

H-168, Benny Carter, London, England

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1936
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1251

H-171, Fats Waller, from 16 mm "Soundies"

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1254

H-181, Tricky Sam Nanton, Ellington musical

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1264

H-182, Dizzy Gillespie, Chano Pozo and James Moody

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1947
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1265

H-187, Count Basie Orchestra

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1270

H-189, Fats Waller

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1941
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1272

H-190, Duke Ellington

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
late 1920s
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1273

H-194C, Duke Ellington, "Black and Tan Fantasy,"

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P.  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1929
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.1: Historical Photographs and Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref1279

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