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The Alice Roosevelt Longworth Collection of Photographs from the 1905 Taft Mission to Asia, 1905

Collector:
Longworth, Alice Roosevelt, 1884-1980  Search this
Creator:
McIntosh, Burr, 1862-1942  Search this
Names:
Behre, Fred J., 1866-1941  Search this
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Kojong, King of Korea, 1852-1919  Search this
Longworth, Alice Roosevelt, 1884-1980  Search this
Meiji, Emperor of Japan, 1852-1912  Search this
Sunjong, King of Korea, 1874-1926  Search this
Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Album (42 leaves, unbound, 38 x 52 cm.)
1 Album (8 leaves, Japanese bound cloth-covered boards with gilt edges, 28 x 37 cm.)
1 Album (8 leaves, embroidered cloth-covered boards with gilt edges and silk endpapers, 36 x 48 cm.)
1 Item (one photographic portrait, in a 55 x 45 cm. frame, image 23 x 17 cm.)
2 Items (two signed photographic portraits, in elaborately carved frames, 44 x 34 cm., images 28 x 21 cm.)
2 Items (two photographic portraits, in 48 x 40 cm. frames, images 27 x 22 cm.)
1 Item (one photographic portrait, in a 23 x 13 cm. frame, 14 x 6 cm.)
1 Photographic print (loose, 26 x 18 cm.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Portraits
Photographs
Postcards
Place:
Beijing (China)
China
Japan
Korea
Philippines
Hawaii
Tokyo (Japan)
Hong Kong
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
A collection of photographs and photographic albums obtained by Alice Roosevelt, daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt, when she accompanied the Taft Mission to Asia in the summer of 1905. The collection contains 1.) One album of 8 leaves, embroidered cloth-covered boards with gilt edges and silk endpapers, 36 x 48 cm., containing 16 photographs of Alice Roosevelt during her stop in San Francisco, and on the passenger ship Manchuria, with the inscription "To Miss Alice Roosevelt: This Album of Photographs Taken by its Artists Is Presented by the San Francisco Call As a Souvenir of Her vist to the Philippines 1905." on the inside cover is an oil painted scene of a ship leaving San Francisco painted by the California artist Frederick John Behre (1863-1942); 2.) one album of 42 leaves, unbound, 38 x 52 cm., containing photographs of the Mission by American photographer Burr McIntosh, with the inscription "To Alice Lee Roosevelt in sincere admiration and appreciation of her generosity to the 'official photographer.' -- Burr McIntosh"; 3.) one album of 8 leaves, cloth-covered with gilt edges, 28 x 37 cm., containing photographs of a reception at Korakuen in Tokyo; 4.) one photographic portrait of the Empress Dowager Cixi, image 23 x 17 cm. in a 40 x 31 cm. frame; 5.) two signed photographic portraits, one each of the Meiji Emperor and Empress, images 28 x 21 cm. in elaborately carved frames, 44 x 34 cm.; 6.) two signed photographic portraits, one each of Emperor Gojong and Crown Prince Sunjong of Korea, images 27 x 22 cm. in 45 x 38 cm. frames; 7.) one photographic portrait of Japanese Foreign Minister Nagasaki Shōgo, by the Maruki Studio, Tokyo, 14 x 6 cm. in a 23 x 13 cm. frame, inscribed "Hon. Taft with sincere regards from his friend" above the image and signed "Michinori S. Nagasaki" below; 8.) Small matted print of American and Japanese audiences watching a Sumo demonstration at Korakuen in Tokyo, 6.8 x 16.3 cm., mounted on a board 22 x 31.5 cm; 9.) one loose photographic print of Alice Roosevelt and William H. Taft on the deck of the Manchuria, 26 x 18 cm.; 10.) one album of photographs of Nikko by the Hoshino studio in Nikko, with elaborately embroidered dragon cover, 27 x 38 cm.; 11.) accordian album of woodblock prints and descriptions of the whaling industry in Ikitsukishima in Nagasaki province, dated 1829, 23 x 34 cm.; 12.) album of various 19th century Japanese woodblock prints, 37 x 25.5 cm.; 13.) 73 picture postcards from the Kobe Picture Postcard Club, many handmade, addressed to President Roosevelt in appreciation of his efforts to obtain a peace treaty between Japan and Russia.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth, eldest child of President Theodore Roosevelt, was a writer, activist, and socialite, known for her exploits and willingness to flout convention. Her father once said that, "I can be President of the United States, or I can control Alice. I cannot possibly do both." She was born on February 12th, 1884 in New York City, and was the only child of Theodore Roosevelt and Alice Hathaway Lee. Her mother died two days after her birth. Alice's life changed dramatically when her father became the 26th president of the United States in 1901 upon President William McKinley's assassination. She entered Washington society the following January at her debutante ball, launching her career as an important political mover and a celebrity. During her father's presidency, she hosted large events for him, acted as a stand-in at events he could not attend, and went on various diplomatic trips at his behest, cementing her place among the Washington political elite.

On February 17, 1906, she married Congressman Nicholas Longworth (1869-1931), a Republican from Ohio, and moved her base of influence from the White House to her husband's home. She had one daughter in 1925 named Pauline. After her daughter's death from an overdose of sleeping pills in 1957, Alice gained custody of her granddaughter, Joanna and raised her. Alice Longworth campaigned frequently for Republican Party candidates and wrote regular political columns, but she supported the Democratic Kennedy and Johnson administrations. Throughout her life, Alice Longworth was known both for her caustic wit as well as her convivial dinner parties, two traits that gave her lasting influence and in later years earned her the title, "the other Washington Monument." She died two weeks after her 96th birthday on February 20, 1980.

Alice was a member of one of the first and largest U.S. foreign diplomatic delegations to Asia. It embarked from San Francisco on July 8, 1905 for a three-month tour, stopping in Japan, the Philippines, and China. The delegation, under the leadership of then-Secretary of War William Howard Taft, also included congressmen, senators, and a group of other civilians. Alice's future husband, Nicholas Longworth, was one of the congressmen with the delegation and their engagement was declared shortly after their return. On this trip, Alice met with the Meiji Emperor of Japan, the Philippine Sultan of Sulu, and the Chinese Empress Dowager Cixi. Multiple photographs of her, other members of the delegation, and those they met with, were taken during the journey. Alice also collection albums, prints and postcards of local cities on her journey.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2009.02
Related Materials:
Alice Roosevelt Longworth Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Diplomacy  Search this
Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Portraits
Photographs -- 1900-1910
Postcards
Identifier:
FSA.A2009.02
See more items in:
The Alice Roosevelt Longworth Collection of Photographs from the 1905 Taft Mission to Asia, 1905
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2009-02
Online Media:

The Empress Dowager Cixi 1903

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Longworth, Alice Roosevelt, 1884-1980  Search this
Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930  Search this
Collection Collector:
Longworth, Alice Roosevelt, 1884-1980  Search this
Collection Creator:
McIntosh, Burr, 1862-1942  Search this
Extent:
1 gelatin silver print (image: 23 x 17 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Portraits
Photographs
Place:
Beijing (China)
China
Scope and Contents:
A photograph received by Alice Roosevelt in September 1905 following an audience at the Summer Palace with the Emperor Guangxu and the Empress Dowager Cixi for members of the Taft Mission to Asia.
北京 慈禧 慈禧太后 勋龄
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Roosevelt visited Beijing in September of 1905 as a member of the William H. Taft Mission to Asia. According to her autobiography, the afternoon following an audience at the Summer Palace with the Emperor and the Empress Dowager, a troop of Manchu horsemen delivered the photograph on an imperial yellow chair.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2009.02 04
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Diplomacy  Search this
Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Portraits
Photographs -- 1900-1910
Identifier:
FSA.A2009.02, Item FSA A2009.02 04
See more items in:
The Alice Roosevelt Longworth Collection of Photographs from the 1905 Taft Mission to Asia, 1905
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2009-02-ref1

Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Wanrong, 1906-1946  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
44 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
China
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
Forbidden City (Peking, China)
China -- Beijing -- Beijing
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Cixi (慈禧太后), Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs. Forty-four glass plate negatives depicting the Empress Dowager of China, Cixi of the Qing dynasty, taken between 1903 to 1905 by the photographer Xunling (勋龄; ca.1880-1943). Scenes include the empress dowager on the imperial barge, in the Summer Palace (颐和园) with attendants, and individual portraits of Cixi in varieties of court attire. Other important figures of the royal court depicted are Empress Longyu (隆裕皇后; 1868 - 1913), Jinfei ((瑾妃; 1874 - 1924), Princess Der Ling (德龄公主; 1885 - 1944), Rongling (容龄;1882-1973), Lady Yugeng (裕太太), first chief eunuch Li Lianying (李連英; 1848 -1911), and second chief eunuch Cui Yugui (崔玉贵). The negatives were at one time in the possession of Xunling's sister, Princess Der Ling, who used many of them to illustrate her books on Cixi and the imperial Qing court. The collection includes thirty-five original glass plate negatives by Xunling and nine glass plate negatives copied from various sources, likely made for illustrations in Princess Der Ling's books and articles. Included in the acquisitions file is a 4 page typed essay by Lydia Dan (d. 2005), Xunling's niece, which identifies Xunling as the original photographer and describes the history of the photographs and anecdotes relating to Xunling and his family.
Arrangement:
The photographs are divided into four groups:
1. Twenty-four large negatives, 24.1 x 17.8 cm (SC-GR-243 to SC-GR-265; unnumbered). Original photographs by Xunling taken in the Forbidden City or the Summer Palace .
2. Eleven smaller negatives, 12.7 x 10.2 cm. (SC-GR-270-272; 276-277; 279-284). Mostly informal portraits of Cixi and the court taken with a more portable camera.
3. Nine smaller negatives, 12.7 x 10.2 cm. (SC-GR-266-269; 273-275; 278; 285). These are copies of prints from other sources, possibly taken for Xunling's sister, the Princess Der Ling to illustrate her English language books and magazine articles. SC-GR-275 is a copy from a worn, damaged print of a famous Xunling photograph. SC-GR-285 is copied from a poor print of SC-GR-265. SC-GR-278 is a detail copied from SC-GR-261.
4. SC-GR-285a is a print of a group of Han Chinese women.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13
Provenance:
Purchase. 1966 A.13
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-13
Online Media:

The Empress Dowager Cixi and attendants on the imperial barge on Zhonghai, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
北京
故<U+5BAB>
Zhonghai
中海
中南海
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: unidentified eunuch, Cix (慈禧太后), Fourth Princess (四格格) holding a gourd, Rongling (蓉龄) holding a lotus, unidentified eunuchs
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-243
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Gourds  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-243
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref1

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-252
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-252
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref10

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-253
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-253
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref11

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-254
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-254
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref12

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-255
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-255
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref13

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-256
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-256
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref14

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-257
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-257
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref15

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-258
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-258
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref16

The Empress Dowager Cixi in snow accompanied by attendants

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Pierson, Louisa  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉齡  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕太太  Search this
裕庚  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
北京
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Lady Yugeng (Louisa Pierson), Princess Der Ling (Deling), unidentified eunuch, Cixi, Rongling. The group is standing before the Fuyinxuan behind Leshoutang on Wanshoushan.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-259
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-259
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref17

The Empress Dowager Cixi in snow accompanied by attendants

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Pierson, Louisa  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉齡  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕太太  Search this
裕庚  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
北京
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Lady Yugeng (Louisa Pierson), Princess Der Ling (Deling), unidentified eunuch, Cixi, Rongling. The group is standing before the Fuyinxuan behind Leshoutang on Wanshoushan.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 UNNUMBERED
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 UNNUMBERED
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref18

The Empress Dowager Cixi with attendants in front of Paiyunmen, Summer Palace, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Junshou  Search this
Longyu, Empress dowager of China, 1868-1913.  Search this
Pierson, Louisa  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Yuanda Nainai  Search this
俊寿  Search this
元大奶奶  Search this
光绪皇后  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
四格格  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕太太  Search this
裕庚  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
隆裕皇后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Paiyunmen, Yihe Yuan
排云门
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From right to left: Empress Longyu, Junsho, Princess Der Ling (Deling), Cixi, Second Chief Eunuch Cui Yugui, Fourth Princess, Yuanda Nainai, Lily, Lady Yugeng (Louisa Pierson), Rongling.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-260
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-260
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref19

The Empress Dowager Cixi and attendants on the imperial barge on Zhonghai, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
北京
故<U+5BAB>
Zhonghai (Beijing, China)
中海
中南海
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Rongling (蓉龄), unknown eunuch, Cixi (慈禧太后), unknown lady in waiting holding gourd, unidentified eunuch, Fourth Princess (四格格) holding a bamboo pole
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-244
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Gourds  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-244
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref2

The Empress Dowager Cixi in sedan chair surrounded by eunuchs in front of Renshoudian, Summer Palace, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
李連英, 1848-1911  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, I24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
Left front, Second Chief Eunuch Cui Yugui; Right front, First Chief Eunuch Li Lianying
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-261
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-261
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref20

The Empress Dowager Cixi

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903-1905
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-262
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-262
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref21

The Empress Dowager Cixi in the guise of Avalokitesvara

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
李莲英  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, I24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
颐和园
Date:
1903
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Second chief eunuch Cui Yugui, Cixi, First chief eunuch Li Lianying; possibly copied from SC-GR-245
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-263
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-263
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref22

The Empress Dowager Cixi and attendants on the imperial barge on Zhonghai, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
四格格  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉齡  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
北京
故<U+5BAB>
Zhonghai
中海
中南海
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
Cixi with unidentified eunuchs, Rongling and Fourth Princess
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-264
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Gourds  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-264
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref23

The Empress Dowager Cixi and attendants on the imperial barge on Zhonghai, Beijing

Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Collector:
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Names:
Cixi, Empress dowager of China, 1835-1908  Search this
Cui Yugui  Search this
Der Ling, Princess, 1885-1944  Search this
Guangxu, Emperor of China, 1871-1908  Search this
Jinfei, 1874-1924  Search this
Junshou  Search this
Li, Lianying, 1848-1911  Search this
Longyu, Empress dowager of China, 1868-1913.  Search this
Rongling, 1882-1973  Search this
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Yuanda Nainai  Search this
俊寿  Search this
元大奶奶  Search this
光绪皇后  Search this
光绪皇帝, 1871-1908.  Search this
勋龄, 1874-1943  Search this
勳齡  Search this
四格格  Search this
崔玉贵  Search this
德齡郡主  Search this
德龄公主, 1885-1944  Search this
慈禧太后, 1835-1908  Search this
李連英, 1848-1911  Search this
瑾妃  Search this
老佛爺  Search this
蓉齡  Search this
蓉龄  Search this
裕勋龄  Search this
裕德龄  Search this
西太后  Search this
隆裕皇后  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Xunling, 1874-1943  Search this
Extent:
1 glass plate negative (glass plate negative 1, 24.1 x 17.8 cm.(9.5 x 7 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Beijing (China)
北京
故<U+5BAB>
Zhonghai
中海
中南海
Date:
1903-1905
Scope and Contents:
From left to right: Three unidentified eunuchs (Possibly Second Chief Eunuch Cui Yigui in center), Yuanda Nainai, Fourth Princess (daughter of Prince Qing), Empress Longyu, unidentified attendant (possibly Third Princess), Cixi, unidentified attendant, unidentified attendant, First Chief Eunuch Li Lianying, Jinfei, Princess Der Ling (Deling), Lily, Junshou, Lady Yugeng (Louisa Pierson), Rongling
Local Numbers:
FSA A.13 SC-GR-265
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Photography -- China  Search this
Empresses  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Eunuchs  Search this
Gourds  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A.13, Item FSA A.13 SC-GR-265
See more items in:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-13-ref24

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