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MS 7563 Stabilization of Kin Klizhin, Chaco Canyon National Monument, Fiscal Year 1938

Creator:
Vivian, Gordon  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7563
Local Note:
Carbon of typescript, bound, with photographs
Topic:
Kin Klizhin -- New Mexico -- Chaco Canyon -- stabilization  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7563, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7563
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7563

MS 363 On some peculiarities of the Eskimo dialect

Collector:
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Extent:
18 Pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1869-70
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 363
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 363, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS363
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms363

Edmund Snow Carpenter papers

Creator:
Carpenter, Edmund, 1922-2011  Search this
Names:
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Flaherty, Robert Joseph, 1884-1951  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
McLuhan, Marshall, 1911-1980  Search this
Schuster, Carl, 1904-1969  Search this
Extent:
26.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Iglulik Eskimos  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Inuit--Canada  Search this
Inuit--Greenland  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Canada
Greenland
New Guinea (Territory)
Papua New Guinea
Date:
circa 1938-2011
Summary:
Edmund Snow Carpenter (1922-2011) was an archaeologist and visual anthropologist who worked extensively with the indigenous peoples of the Canadian Arctic as well as Papua New Guinea. With his colleague and close collaborator Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), he laid the groundwork for modern media theory. Carpenter is also known for his work as an ethnographic filmmaker and as a collector of Paleo-Eskimo art. The Papers of Edmund Carpenter, circa 1938-2011, document the research interests and projects undertaken by Carpenter in the fields of cultural anthropology, ethnographic filmmaking, media theory, archaeology, and indigenous art.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Edmund Carpenter, 1940-2011, document the research interests and projects undertaken by Carpenter in the fields of cultural anthropology, ethnographic filmmaking, media theory, archaeology, and indigenous art. Specific research projects and interests documented are: his 1950s fieldwork among the Aivilik Inuit in the Canadian Arctic as well as his studies into Inuit concepts of space, time, and geography; his partnership and collaboration with media theorist Marshall McLuhan and his ethnographic studies of Papua New Guinean tribal communities; his early-career archaeological digs at Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) burial mounds in Sugar Run, Pennsylvania, as well as later archaeological interest in Arctic peoples, Siberia, and the Norwegian artifact dubbed the "Norse Penny"; his reflections on the disciplines of anthropology and media studies; his editing and completion of the work of art historian Carl Schuster at the Museum der Kulturen (Museum of Ethnology) in Basel, Switzerland; his editing of The Story of Comock the Eskimo, as told to Robert Flaherty; and his museum exhibitions compiled on the topics of surrealist and tribal art. The collection also documents Carpenter's correspondence with fellow scholars, ethnographers, filmmakers, and colleagues; his published writings; and elements of his personal life, such as obituaries and personal photographs.

Materials in this collection include artifact and burial records; correspondence; drawings and illustrations; essays; interviews and oral histories; inventories and catalogues; manuscripts and drafts, and fragments of drafts; maps; memoranda and meeting minutes; notes, notebooks, and data analysis; obituaries and memorials; photographic prints, slides, and negatives, including personal photographs and portraits; proposals and plans for museum exhibits; reports; resumes and bibliographies; reviews; and sound recordings on CD-Rs and audio cassettes. Additional materials include books and book chapters; journal copies and journal excerpts; magazine, newspaper, and article clippings and excerpts; museum and gallery catalogues, brochures, and guides; pamphlets; and reprints. A portion of the material collected here consist of consolidated research into specific topics, gathered from archival repositories, museums, correspondence, and published works. This material consists of research reprints and archival reference photocopies and photographic prints from various repositories.

Items worthy of special mention in this collection include: annotated draft chapters from Marshall McLuhan's seminal work on media theory, Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (Series 2); a 1957 letter from e. e. cummings to Carpenter, written in verse (Series 3); an undated thank-you note addressed to "Sadie" from Helen Keller (Series 3); and a transcript of an interview of Carpenter by his former student, Harald Prins (Series 2).

Audiovisual material in this collection is currently undergoing processing.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into the following 7 series:

Series 1. Fieldwork and drafts, 1940-2011 (bulk 1940-1959)

Series 2. Research and project files, 1940-2011

Series 3. Correspondence, circa 1938-2011

Series 4. Publications and lectures, circa 1942-circa 2006

Series 5. Personal, 1942-2011

Series 6. Film and visual material (in-process)

Series 7. Writings by others, 1960-2009, undated
Biographical Note:
Edmund Snow Carpenter (1922-2011) was an archaeologist and visual anthropologist who worked extensively with the indigenous peoples of the Canadian Arctic and Papua New Guinea. With his colleague and close collaborator Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), he laid the groundwork for modern media theory. Carpenter is also known for his work as an ethnographic filmmaker and as a collector of Paleo-Eskimo art.

Born in 1922 in Rochester, New York, Edmund (nicknamed "Ted") Carpenter served in the U.S. Marine Corps during World War II before receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1950 under Frank Speck for work on Iroquoian prehistoric archaeology. Carpenter began teaching at the University of Toronto in 1948 while simultaneously working as a programmer for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). In the 1950s, he undertook fieldwork in the Canadian Arctic among the Aivilik (an Inuit Igloolik subgroup). This fieldwork resulted in several publications in the field of cultural anthropology, including Time/Space Concepts of the Aivilik (1955), Anerca (1959), and Eskimo (1959, republished as Eskimo Realities in 1973).

Also in the 1950s, Carpenter began a working relationship with media theorist Marshall McLuhan. Together, they received a Ford Foundation grant (1953-1955) for an interdisciplinary media research project into the impact of mass communications and mass media on culture change. Carpenter and McLuhan's partnership resulted in the Seminar on Culture and Communication (1953-1959) and the journal series Explorations. In 1957, Carpenter was the founding chair in the interdisciplinary program "Anthropology and Art" at San Fernando Valley State College (now California State University, Northridge). There, he collaborated with Bess Lomax Hawes and other colleagues in the production of several ethnographic films, including Georgia Sea Island Singers about Gullah (or Geechee) songs and dances. During this period, Carpenter worked with McLuhan on the latter's seminal book Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (1964). The article published as "Fashion is Language" in Harper's Bazaar under McLuhan's name (1968) was actually written by Carpenter. It was later published in book form under Carpenter's name, with the title They Became What They Beheld (1970).

In 1969, Carpenter took a research professorship at the University of Papua and New Guinea sponsored by the government of Australia. Alongside photographer Adelaide De Menil (whom he would later marry), he applied many of the ideas about media literacy and culture change to indigenous communities of Papua New Guinea. These activities led to developments in the field of media ecology, as well as the publication of Carpenter's best-known work, Oh, What a Blow the Phantom Gave Me! (1976).

Carpenter taught intermittently at various universities throughout his career, including Fordham University, the University of California-Santa Cruz, Adelphi University, Harvard University's Center for Visual Anthropology, the New School for Social Research, and New York University. He spent eight years associated with the Museum of Ethnology in Basel, Switzerland (1973-1981), editing art historian Carl Schuster's research.

In addition to his teaching and research, Carpenter, with his wife Adelaide De Menil, collected tribal art, eventually amassing the largest private collection of Paleo-Eskimo art in the United States. In the 1990s and early 2000s, Carpenter curated various exhibitions on art and visual culture, including the Menil Collection's Witness to a Surrealist Vision and the Musée du Quai Branly's Upside Down (later reconstructed at the Menil Collection). In later years, Carpenter resumed his archaeological interest in Arctic peoples, researching and collaborating on the Zhokhov Island Mesolithic site in the Russian Arctic with Russian scientists from the Institute for the History of Material Culture and archaeologists from the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History.

Carpenter died on July 1, 2011 at his home in New York.

Sources consulted:

"Edmund Snow Carpenter." https://edmundsnowcarpenter.com/about

Grimes, William. "Edmund Carpenter, Archaeologist and Anthropologist, Dies at 88." The New York Times. 2011 July 7. https://www.nytimes.com

Prins, Harald E. L. and John Bishop. "Edmund Carpenter: Explorations in Media and Anthropology." Visual Anthropology Review 17:2 (Fall-Winter 2001-2002): 110-140.

Chronology

1922 September 2 -- Born in Rochester, New York

circa 1940-1941 -- Archaeological field work, Sugar Run mounds, Pennsylvania

1942-1946 -- Served in the United States Marine Corps

1948-1957 -- Anthropology Department, University of Toronto

circa 1950 -- Began work for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)

1950 -- Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania (Anthropology)

1950s -- Fieldwork among the Aivilik Inuit

1953-1959 -- Ran the Seminar on Culture and Communication with Marshall McLuhan

1957-1967 -- "Anthropology and Art" program at San Fernando Valley State College (California State University, Northridge)

1967-1968 -- Schwitzer Chair, Fordham University (with Marshall McLuhan)

1968-1969 -- Carnegie Chair in Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz

1969-1970 -- Research Professor, University of Papua and New Guinea

1973-1981 -- Associated with the Museum of Ethnology in Basel, Switzerland for Carl Schuster papers project

circa 1989-2005 -- Collaboration regarding Zhokov Island archaeological site

2011 July 1 -- Died in East Hampton, New York
Separated Materials:
Film and video recordings are retained by the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA) as the Edmund Carpenter-Adelaide de Menil Collection (HSFA 2004-04). Once processing is complete, they will be described in the following finding aid in Series 6.
Provenance:
The Edmund Snow Carpenter papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives in 2017 by Adelaide de Menil on behalf of the Rock Foundation.
Restrictions:
The Edmund Snow Carpenter papers are open for research.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.

Digital media in the collection is restricted for preservation reasons.

Access to the Edmund Snow Carpenter papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Ethnographic films  Search this
Indigenous art  Search this
Inuit art  Search this
Menil Collection (Houston, Tex.)  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Paleo-Eskimos  Search this
Visual anthropology  Search this
Citation:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2017-27
See more items in:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2017-27
Online Media:

Aivilik - Time/Space

Collection Creator:
Carpenter, Edmund, 1922-2011  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950s
Scope and Contents:
ESC.01.04
Collection Restrictions:
The Edmund Snow Carpenter papers are open for research.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.

Digital media in the collection is restricted for preservation reasons.

Access to the Edmund Snow Carpenter papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers / Series 1: Fieldwork and drafts / 1.1: Arctic: Inuit/Aivilik
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2017-27-ref11

Eskimo - Relations with Deities, Attitudes toward Nature

Collection Creator:
Carpenter, Edmund, 1922-2011  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950s
Scope and Contents:
ESC.01.06
Collection Restrictions:
The Edmund Snow Carpenter papers are open for research.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.

Digital media in the collection is restricted for preservation reasons.

Access to the Edmund Snow Carpenter papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers
Edmund Snow Carpenter papers / Series 1: Fieldwork and drafts / 1.1: Arctic: Inuit/Aivilik
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2017-27-ref29

MS 388 Linguistic material obtained from Richard M. Wolfe, delegate of Cherokee Nation to U. S. Government, 1879-1880

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Wolfe, Richard M. (Cherokee)  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1879-1880
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 388
Local Note:
Autograph Document Signed
Place:
Washington D.C.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 388, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS388
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms388

MS 384 Salinan comparative vocabulary

Creator:
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Culture:
Esselen Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Place:
Carmel (Calif.)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Compares vocabularies marked "Eslen," "Ecclemachs," and "Carmel of Mofras."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 384
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 384, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS384
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms384
Online Media:

MS 383 Eslen vocabulary

Collector:
Alcalá-Galiano, Dionisio, 1760-1805  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Culture:
Esselen Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Copied from Relacion del Viage Hecho, etc., 1802.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 383
Local Note:
Evidently related to the Esselen in "Idiomas Californias" and Henshaw's vocabulary of 1888.- J.O.D. 10/19/93. So stated by Mr Gatschet in his remarks on the Idiomas.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 383, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS383
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms383

MS 1974-40 Harrison Begay and Louis Naranjo paintings

Collector:
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Creator:
Begay, Harrison  Search this
Naranjo, Louis  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (paintings)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Paintings
Date:
1925-1937
Content Description:
3 Paintings, 2 by Harrison Begay, 1 by Louis Naranjo.
Genre/Form:
Paintings
Identifier:
NAA.MS1974-40
See more items in:
MS 1974-40 Harrison Begay and Louis Naranjo paintings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1974-40
Online Media:

MS 387 "Words and Geographic Names from the Cherokee Language . . ."

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Smith, N. J. (Nimrod Jarrett), approximately 1838-1893  Search this
Extent:
7 Pages
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
February, 1886
Scope and Contents:
Full title page reads, "Words and Geographic Names from the Cherokee Language, Eastern or Mountain Cherokee dialect obtained through N. Jarrett Smith, chief, of Quallatown, North Carolina by Albert S. Gatschet, Bureau of Ethnology, February, 1886."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 387
Local Note:
Autograph Document
Place:
Quallatown North Carolina
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 387, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS387
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms387

MS 389 Aboriginal Geographic Terms, chiefly River Names

Creator:
Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Kansa -- Names, place  Search this
Cherokee -- Names, place  Search this
Chippewa -- Names, place  Search this
Cree -- Names, place  Search this
Blackfoot -- Names, place  Search this
Crow -- Names, place  Search this
Dakota -- Yankton -- Names, place  Search this
Omaha (tribe) -- Names, place  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Marginal notes are in the handwriting of J. Owen Dorsey (in pencil and red crayon) and James Mooney (in pencil); title and title page in handwriting of A.S. Gatschet. Intended by Morgan as supplement No. 3 to "Houses and House Life of the American Aborigines," CNAE IV, 1881, but never printed.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 389
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
Topic:
Kansa (Kaw)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 389, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS389
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms389

MS 385 "Idiomas Californias"

Creator:
Arroyo de la Cuesta, Felipe, -1842  Search this
Murray, E. F. (Edward F.)  Search this
Extent:
32 Pages
Culture:
Chumash -- Purismeno  Search this
Chumash -- Inezeno  Search this
Yokuts -- Nophrinthres of San Juan Bautista  Search this
Yokuts -- Lathruunen  Search this
San Luis Rey  Search this
Costanoan  Search this
Salinan -- San Miguel  Search this
Chumash -- Obispeno  Search this
Salinan -- San Antonio  Search this
Chumash -- Barbareno  Search this
Miwok -- Marin  Search this
Wintun -- Patwin  Search this
Miwok Indians  Search this
Esselen Indians  Search this
Karkin  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Chumash Indians  Search this
Ohlone Indians  Search this
Salinan Indians  Search this
Patwin Indians  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1821
Scope and Contents:
Copied by E.F. Murray in 1878 from the original made in 1821. It includes vocabularies of the following languages: Esselen, San Antonio (Salinan), San Miguel (Salinan), San Luis Obispo (Obispeno Chusmash), Santa Barbara (Barbareno Chumash), La Purisima (Purismeno Chusmash), Santa Inez (Inezeno Chumash), Nophrinthres of San Juan Bautista (a Yokuts dialect), Lathruunen (Yokuts), San Luis Rey (Uto-Aztecan), Karkin (Costanoan), Saclan (Miwok), Juichun (Costanoan), Huimen (Marin Miwok), and Suisen (a dialect of Patwin [Wintun]).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 385
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ynezeno  Search this
Antoniaños  Search this
Migueleños  Search this
Migueleños  Search this
Antoniaños  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 385, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS385
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms385
Online Media:

MS 1999-23 Herbert Ward drawings from the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition

Creator:
Ward, Herbert, 1863-1919  Search this
Extent:
51 Drawings (Disbound album :)
Culture:
Kongo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
circa 1886-1889
Scope and Contents note:
This collection is composed of a disbound album containing fifty-one drawings by Herbert Ward, made when he was a member of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. Most of the drawings depict men and women of the upper Congo River, but several others depict tools and implements.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Emin Pasha Relief Expedition (1886-1889) was a British expedition through the interior of Africa led by Henry Morton Stanley. The professed goal of the expedition was to provide aid to Emin Pasha, the governor of Equatoria, which was threatened by Mahdist forces of Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah.

Herbert Ward (1863-1919) moved to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (then called Zaire) in 1884. He joined the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition (1886-1889) as an aide to Stanley. After the expedition, Ward returned to Europe, where he lectured and wrote about his experiences in the Congo. In 1893, he began formal art training, including the study of sculpture, and became a Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society. He spent most of his later life crafting bronzes of Africans and African life; his sculptures and his collection of African artifacts were exhibited by the United States National Museum in 1922.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Ward's collection of bronzes and artifacts held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 067312.
A pamphlet on the Herbert Ward African Collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives reference files.
The Royal Geographical Society holds papers relating to Herbert Ward.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
NAA.MS1999-23, Herbert Ward drawings from the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS1999-23
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1999-23
Online Media:

MS 2014-03 Robert C. Mainfort, Jr. and Mary L. Kwas papers on the Bat Creek stone

Creator:
Mainfort, Robert C., 1948-  Search this
Kwas, Mary L.  Search this
Names:
Emmert, John W., 1842-1917  Search this
Extent:
33 Items (0.33 linear feet (1 box)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Research
Place:
Tennessee -- Antiquities
Date:
1987-2005
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Robert C. Mainfort, Jr. and Mary L. Kwas' research files for their article "The Bat Creek Stone Revisited: A Fraud Exposed." The files include a copy of their article, correspondence, notes from archival and bibliographic research, and reference sources.
Biographical / Historical:
The Bat Creek stone is a small inscribed rock that was reportedly excavated from an undisturbed burial mound at Bat Creek in Loudon County, Tennessee, by John W. Emmert, a Smithsonian field assistant for the Bureau of American Ethnology Mound Survey. Cyrus Thomas, director of the Mound Survey, claimed the marks resembled Cherokee syllabary in his publication, "Report on the Mound Explorations of the Bureau of Ethnology" (1894). In 1970, Cyrus Gordon, a Semitic languages scholar, identified the marks as Paleo-Hebrew. The tablet has since been cited (most notably by J. Huston McCulloch) as evidence of Precolumbian contacts between the Old World and New World. Robert C. Mainfort, Jr. and Mary L. Kwas refuted this claim in their 2004 article in American Antiquity 69(4), "The Bat Creek Stone Revisited: A Fraud Exposed." According to Mainfort and Kwas, evidence suggests that the inscription is a forgery, likely perpetrated by John W. Emmert.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2014-03
Other Archival Materials:
The Bat Creek stone (Accession A134902-0) and a cast (Accession A134902A-0) are held by the Department of Anthropology Collections, National Museum of Natural History. The records of the Mound Survey, MS 2400, are at the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Hoaxes  Search this
Indians of North America -- Transatlantic influences  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Research
Citation:
Manuscript 2014-03, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS2014-03
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2014-03

MS 368 Vocabulary of the Kodiak (Eskimo)

Collector:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Eskimo -- Kodiak  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Koniagmiut Eskimos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
June 1857
Scope and Contents:
Contains 156 terms.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 368
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Koniag  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 368, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS368
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms368

MS 366 Eskimo of Davis Strait vocabulary and rough notes

Collector:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
17 Pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
November 29, 1863
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 366
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary, and rough notes."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 366, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS366
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms366

MS 367 The linguistic results of Dr. Franz Boas' ethnographical researches in Baffin's Land

Collector:
Rink, H. (Hinrich), 1819-1893  Search this
Addressee:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
25 Pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also a letter to J.W. Powell.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 367
General:
Previously titled "The linguistic results of Dr Franz Boas' ethnolographic researches in Baffin's Land, being a searching analysis of Dr Boas' work."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 367, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS367
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms367

MS 381 Two words from the Haname language

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Cotonam  Search this
Haname  Search this
Coahuiltec  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Coahuiltecan Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
September 27, 1884
Scope and Contents:
With data and comments by James Mooney.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 381
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 381, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS381
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms381

MS 370 Hans Egedes' vocabulary of the Language of Greenland

Collector:
Straznicky, E. R. (Edward R.)  Search this
Creator:
Egede, Hans, 1686-1758  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
March 1, 1857
Scope and Contents:
A copy of Egede's vocabulary from page 168 of "A Description of Greenland." Also a letter from Mr. Straznicky to George Gibbs forwarding the vocabulary and d explaining why he did not copy another vocabulary.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 370
General:
Previously titled "Letter signed by Mr Strazincky."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 370, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS370
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms370

MS 382 Esselen vocabulary

Creator:
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Esselen Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1888
Scope and Contents:
With notes, 2 pages, and marginalia by A.L. Kroeber and note by A.S. Gatschet.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 382
Local Note:
Reference: Henshaw, "A new linguistic family in California," American Anthropologist, old series, III, 1890, pages 45-49. Kroeber, "The languages of the coast of California south of San Francisco," U. of California. Pubs. in Archeology and Ethnology, II, Number 2 (1904), 28-80.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 382, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS382
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms382
Online Media:

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