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MS 7563 Stabilization of Kin Klizhin, Chaco Canyon National Monument, Fiscal Year 1938

Creator:
Vivian, Gordon  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7563
Local Note:
Carbon of typescript, bound, with photographs
Topic:
Kin Klizhin -- New Mexico -- Chaco Canyon -- stabilization  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7563, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7563
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7563

William J. Thomson photograph collection of Easter Island Rongorongo boards

Creator:
Thomson, William J. (William Judah), 1841-1909  Search this
Names:
Mohican Expedition  Search this
Extent:
7 Drawings
15 Prints (albumen)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Easter Island
Date:
circa 1880-1890
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Rongorongo "boards," wooden objects incised with glyphs that originated on Easter Island. The boards shown include the Oar, Keiti, Aruku Kerenga, Mamari, Echancree, Small Santiago, and Large Santiago. The material was probably collected by William J. Thomson for his report "Te Pito Te Henua, or Easter Island."
Biographical/Historical note:
William J. Thomson (1841-1909) was the United States Navy paymaster on the USS Mohican expedition to Easter Island in 1886. The expedition's purposes included archeological surveying and excavation, the creation of geographical charts, and ethnographic research. Two moai (Easter Island stone figures), Rongorongo boards, and a variety of other artifacts for the Smithsonian Institution were collected during the trip.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 75-13
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs of Easter Island by Thomson can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 97.
Easter Island specimens donated by Thomson, including original Rongorongo boards and casts of others, can be found in the Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution, in accessions 020078 and 023098.
Additional photographs of the USS Mohican expedition can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 76-26.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Rongorongo boards -- Easter Island  Search this
Rongorongo script  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 75-13, William J. Thomson photograph collection of Easter Island Rongorongo boards, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.75-13
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-75-13

Ruth Landes papers

Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Names:
Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures  Search this
Committee on Fair Employment Practices  Search this
Fisk University  Search this
Johnson, Charles S.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Park, Robert E.  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet ((63 document boxes and 1 oversized box))
Culture:
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
African  Search this
Acadians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Jews -- American  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Latinos -- California  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Basques  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Santee  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Quebec -- Bilingualism
United Kingdom -- colored immigration
South Africa
Date:
1928-1992
Summary:
Most of Ruth Landes's papers relate directly or indirectly to Landes's American Indian research, her work in Brazil, and her study of bilingualism. There is also a considerable amount of material that relates to her experiences (sometimes fictionalized) at Fisk University. There is only small amount of material related to her other interests. Her collection also has material of and relating to the Brazilian folklorist and journalist Edison Carneiro. There is also noteworthy material concerning Herbert Baldus, Ruth Benedict, Elmer C. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, and Robert E. Park. There is a large amount of printed and processed materials in the collection, mainly in the form of newspaper clippings and a collection of scholarly papers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of the professional papers of Ruth Schlossberg Landes. Included are correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts of writings, research materials including field notes and reading notes, photographs, drawings, scholarly papers and publications by other scholars, and clippings from newspapers and periodicals.

Landes's field research on Candomblé in Brazil is well-represented in this collection, consisting of her field journals, writings, and photographs. Also present are Maggie Wilson's stories that were the basis for Landes's The Ojibwa Woman. Unfortunately, Landes was unable to locate her journals for her early research with the Ojibwa/Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Dakota. There are, however, field photographs of the Ojibwa/Chippewa and Potawatomi in the collection. There is also a great deal of her research on groups, especially minorities, in multilingual states with particular focus on the French of Quebec, Basques of Spain and the United States, Boers and Blacks of South Africa, the several socio-linguistic groups of Switzerland, and Acadians (Cajuns) of Louisiana. In the collection are several drafts of her unpublished manuscript on bilingualism, "Tongues that Defy the State." There is also a small amount of material about Black Jews of New York and considerable material about Landes's experience among African Americans when she taught briefly at Fisk University, including her unpublished manuscript "Now, at Athens," containing fictional and autobiographical accounts of her time at Fisk.

Reflections of other facets of Landes's professional activities are also included. Some materials concern her teaching activities, and there is also documentation of her work with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (a federal government agency during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt) and a similar private organization which immediately succeeded the FEPA; Gunnar Myrdal's research into the plight of African Americans ("The Negro in America"); the Research in Contemporary Cultures project at Columbia University; and the American Jewish Congress.

Among Landes's correspondents are Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ralph Bunche, Herbert Baldus, Edison Carneiro, Sally Chilver, Frances Densmore, Sol Tax, Elmer S. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, Robert E. Park, and Hendrik W. van der Merwe.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: (1) Correspondence, 1931-1991; (2) Research Materials, circa 1930s-1990; (3) Writings, circa 1930s-1990; (4) Teaching Materials, 1935-1975, undated; (5) Biographical and Personal Files, 1928-1988; (6) Graphic Materials, 1933-1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Ruth Schlossberg Landes was born on October 8, 1908 in New York City. Her father was Joseph Schlossberg, an activist in the Yiddish labor socialist community and one of the founders of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. She studied sociology at New York University (B.A. 1928) and social work at the New York School of Social Work, Columbia University (M.S.W. 1929). While in graduate school, Landes studied Black Jews in Harlem for her master's thesis, a topic that developed her interests in anthropology.

After graduating in 1929, she worked as a social worker in Harlem and married Victor Landes, a medical student and son of family friends. Their marriage ended after two years when she enrolled in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia against her husband's wishes. She kept his surname due to the stigma of being a divorced woman.

At Columbia, Landes studied under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, her main advisor. Under the guidance of Benedict, Landes moved away from further study of African Americans to focus on Native American communities. Upon Benedict's suggestion, Landes studied the social organization of the Ojibwa in Manitou Rapids in Ontario from 1932 to 1936 for her Ph.D. fieldwork. Her dissertation, Ojibwa Sociology, was published in 1937. Landes also contributed "The Ojibwa of Canada" in Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples (1937), a volume edited by Margaret Mead. In 1938, Landes published Ojibwa Women (1938), a book written in collaboration with Maggie Wilson, an Ojibwa interpreter and informant.

In addition to studying the Ojibwa in Ontario, Landes also conducted fieldwork with the Chippewa of Red Lake, Minnesota in 1933, working closely with shaman or midé Will Rogers. Her book, Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin (1968) was based largely on her research with Rogers and Maggie Wilson. In 1935 and 1936, she undertook fieldwork with the Santee Dakota in Minnesota and the Potawatomi in Kansas. Like Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin, her books on the Santee Dakota and Potawatomi were not published until several years later—The Mystic Lake Sioux: Sociology of the Mdewakantonwan Sioux was published in 1968 while The Prairie Potawatomi was published in 1970. In between her field research in the 1930s and the publication of The Prairie Potawatomi, Landes returned to Kansas to study the Potawatomi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Landes's plan to continue her studies with the Potawatomi in 1937 changed when Benedict invited her to join a team of researchers from Columbia University in Brazil. Landes was to conduct research on Afro-Brazilians in Bahia, Brazil, while Walter Lipkind, Buell Quain, and Charles Wagley studied indigenous people in the Amazons. To prepare for her research, Landes was at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1937 and 1938 to consult with Robert Park and Donald Pierson and to use the university's library collections of African and African American materials. During that time, Landes also held a teaching position at Fisk and lived in the non-segregated women's residence on campus. Landes later wrote "Now, at Athens," an unpublished memoir containing fictional and true accounts of her experiences at Fisk.

From 1938 to 1939, Landes conducted fieldwork on the role of Afro-Brazilian women and homosexuals in the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil. Unable to move freely by herself in Brazil as a single woman, Landes was accompanied by Edison Carneiro, a Bahian journalist and folklorist. With Carneiro as her companion, Landes was allowed access to rituals and people that would have been closed off to her otherwise. Due to her association with Carneiro, a member of the Brazilian Communist Party, Landes was suspected of being a communist and was forced to leave Bahia early. Publications from her research in Brazil include "A Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality" (1940) and City of Women (1947). She returned to Brazil in 1966 to study the effects of urban development in Rio de Janeiro. In 1967, a Portuguese translation of City of Women was published, a project that Carneiro had commissioned as the first director of the Ministry of Education and Culture's Special National Agency for the Protection of Folklore.

Landes returned to New York in 1939, working briefly as a researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's study of African Americans. Unable to obtain a permanent position at a university, she worked in several other short term positions throughout most of her career. During World War II, Landes was a research director for the Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs (1941) and consultant for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee on African American and Mexican American cases (1941-44). In 1945, Landes directed a program created by Pearl S. Buck and a group of interdenominational clergy to analyze pending New York anti-discrimination legislation. She moved to California the following year to work for the Los Angeles Metropolitan Welfare Council on a study of race and youth gangs. After her contract ended, she moved back to New York and was hired as a contract researcher for the American Jewish Congress (1948-50). She also participated in Columbia University's Research in Contemporary Cultures (1949-51), studying Jewish families. She coauthored with Mark Zborowski, "Hypothesis concerning the Eastern European Jewish Family." From 1951 to 1952, Landes spent a year in London, funded by a Fulbright fellowship to study colored colonial immigrants and race relations in Great Britain.

After her fellowship ended, Landes returned to the United States and held short term appointments at several universities. She taught at the William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution in New York (1953-54), the New School for Social Research in New York (1953-55), University of Kansas (1957, 1964), University of Southern California (1957-62), Columbia University (1963), Los Angeles State College (1963), and Tulane University (1964). At Claremont Graduate School, Landes helped to develop and direct the Claremont Anthropology and Education Program (1959-62).

It was not until 1965 that Landes obtained a permanent faculty position at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario; she was recruited for the position by Richard Slobodin. Due to Ontario's age retirement law, Landes was forced to retire in 1973 at the age of 65. She continued to teach part-time until 1977, when she became professor emerita.

Landes passed away at the age of 82 on February 11, 1991.

Sources Consulted

Cole, Sally. 2003. Ruth Landes: A Life in Anthropology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Chronology

1908 October 8 -- Born Ruth Schlossberg in New York City

1928 -- B.A. in sociology, New York University

1929 -- M.S.W., New York School of Social Work, Columbia University

1929-1931 -- Social worker in Harlem Married to Victor Landes

1929-1934 -- Studied Black Jews in Harlem

1931 -- Began graduate work in anthropology at Columbia University

1932-1936 -- Studied the Ojibwa in Ontario and Minnesota (in field periodically)

1933-1940 -- Research Fellow, Columbia University

1935 Summer-Fall -- Studied the Santee Sioux (Dakota) in Minnesota

1935-1936 -- Studied the Potawatomi in Kansas

1935 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1937 -- Instructor, Brooklyn College

1937-1938 -- Instructor, Fisk University

1938-1939 -- Studied Afro-Brazilians and Candomblé in Brazil, especially at Bahia

1939 -- Researcher on Gunnar Myrdal's study, "The Negro in America"

1941 -- Research Director, Office of Inter American Affairs, Washington, D.C.

1941-1945 -- Representative for Negro and Mexican American Affairs, Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), President Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration

1944 -- Interim Director, Committee Against Racial Discrimination, New York

1946-1947 -- Researcher, study of Mexican American youth, gangs, and families, Los Angeles Metropolitan Council

1948-1951 -- Researcher, American Jewish Congress, New York

1949-1951 -- Research consultant, study on Jewish families in New York for Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Fulbright Scholar, to study colored colonial immigration into Great Britain

1953-1954 -- Lecturer, William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution, New York

1953-1955 -- Lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York

1956-1957 -- Married to Ignacio Lutero Lopez

1957 Summer -- Visiting Professor, University of Kansas

1957-1958 -- Visiting Professor, University of Southern California

1957-1965 -- Consultant, California agencies (Department of Social Work, Bureau of Mental Hygiene, Department of Education, Public Health Department) and San Francisco Police Department

1958-1959 -- Director, Geriatrics Program, Los Angeles City Health Department

1959-1962 -- Visiting Professor and Director of Anthropology and Education Program, Claremont Graduate School

1962 -- Extension Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Extension Lecturer, Columbia University Extension Lecturer, Los Angeles State College

1963-1965 -- Consultant, International Business Machines (IBM)

1964 January-June -- Visiting Professor, Tulane University

1964 Summer -- Field work with Potawatomi in Kansas Professor, University of Kansas

1965-1975 -- Professor at McMaster University

1966 -- Studied urban development in Rio de Janeiro

1968-1975 -- Studied bilingualism and biculturalism in Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, and Canada (in Spain and the United States concentrated on Basques)

1975 -- Became part-time faculty member at McMaster University

1977 -- Professor Emerita, McMaster University

1978 -- Award of Merit from the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay

1991 February 11 -- Died in Hamilton, Ontario

1991 -- Establishment of the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund at Research Institute for the Study of Man (RISM)
Related Materials:
Correspondence from Ruth Landes can be found in the William Duncan Strong Papers, the Leonard Bloomfield Papers, and MS 7369. The Ruth Bunzel Papers contains a copy of a grant application by Landes.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ruth Landes in 1991.
Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Midéwiwin  Search this
Bilingualism  Search this
Aging  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1991-04
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1991-04
Online Media:

MS 7369 Margaret Lantis correspondence concerning "The U.S.A. as Anthropologists See It" (American Anthropologist, Vol. 57, No. 6 December 1955)

Creator:
Lantis, Margaret, 1906-2006  Search this
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Correspondent:
Vogt, Evon Z. (Evon Zartman), 1918-2004  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Harrington, J. C. (Jean Carl), 1901-1998  Search this
Schneider, David Murray, 1918-  Search this
Harding, Charles F., III  Search this
Gillin, John, 1907-1973  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Mason, Leonard, 1913-2005  Search this
Merriam, Alan P., 1923-1980  Search this
Kluckhohn, Clyde, 1905-1960  Search this
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (ca. 3/4 in. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters
Date:
1953-1954
Scope and Contents:
Consists mainly of correspondence with Sol Tax, editor of the American Anthropologist at the time. Also includes correspondence with contributors and prospective contributors to the volume and participants in a related symposium, including Jules Henry, Evon Zartmann Vogt, Jean C. Harrington, David M. Schneider, Charles F. Harding, III, John Gillin, Margaret Mead, Melford Spiro, Leonard Mason, Alan P. Merriam, Clyde Kluckhohn, Marvin Kaufmann Opler, Walter Rochs Goldschmidt, and Ruth Landes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7369
Topic:
American Anthropologist  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters
Citation:
Manuscript 7369, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7369
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7369

MS 7539-b Notes on the Mescalero Apaches

Creator:
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (ca in. ca 2 in.)
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Apache -- Mescalero  Search this
Apache -- Medicine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Mescalero Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1931
Scope and Contents:
Typescript of field notes that largely concerns medicine. Includes a photograph of dancers.
Biographical / Historical:
Many of the notes bear Henry's original name--Jules Blumensohn.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7593-b
Citation:
Manuscript 7593-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7593B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7593b

William Edwin Safford photograph albums relating to Easter Island, Samoa, and South America

Collector:
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Names:
Mohican Expedition  Search this
Photographer:
Gonsalves, J. A.  Search this
Thomson, William J. (William Judah), 1841-1909  Search this
Valdeavellano, Alberto G., 1861-1928  Search this
Extent:
3 Albums (circa 145 prints, silver gelatin)
Culture:
Samoans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Place:
Samoa
Peru
Panama
Guatemala
Ecuador
Easter Island
Chile
Date:
circa 1886-1902
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by Wiliam Edwin Safford while on US Navy expeditions to Chile, Easter Island, Ecuador, Guatemala, Panama, Peru, and Samoa. They depict indigenous peoples and activities, towns, scenic views, and the crew of the USS Mohican and members of the US Navy. There are also photographs of Guatemala made by Alberto. G. Valdeavellano and J. A. Gonsalves. The Easter Island photographs were possibly made by William J. Thomson, paymaster on the Mohican.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Edwin Safford (1859-1926) was a United States Naval officer from 1880-1902 who took part in Navy expeditions and collected specimens for the United States National Museum. Safford joined the crew of the USS Mohican in South America and participated in its expedition to the South Pacific (1886-1888). In 1891-1892, he commanded an ethnological expedition to Peru and Bolivia for the Chicago Columbian Expedition. He served in the Spanish American War and was vice-governor of Guam in 1899-1900. In 1902, he resigned from the Navy and took an appointment as an economic botanist with the United States Department of Agriculture.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 76-26
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of the expedition to Easter Island can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 97.
Additional photographs collected by Safford can be found in National Anthropological Archives in MS 3366.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the William Edwin Safford Papers, 1894-1925 (SIA RU007275).
Records relating to Safford's collecting expedition in South America can be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA RU000189.
Safford's ethnographic data about Samoa can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 2956.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 76-26, William Edwin Safford photograph albums relating to Easter Island, Samoa, and South America, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76-26
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-76-26

Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collection relating to American Indians

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Westmann, Orloff R.  Search this
Names:
Middlebrook, J. E. (probable photographer)  Search this
Extent:
2,600 Prints (circa, silver gelatin and platinum)
Culture:
Zulu (African people) -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- depicted  Search this
Indians of Mexico -- depicted  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1870s-1930
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the collection consists of photographs made from glass negatives collected and produced by the Bureau of American Ethnology. These photographs include portraits and field photographs by photographers and anthropologists, most associated with the BAE, including Alexander Gardner, William Henry Jackson, John K. Hillers, DeLancey Gill, C. M. Bell, Antonio Zeno Shindler Matilda Coxe Stevenson, and others. The collection also includes photographs donated to the United States National Museum and transferred to the Department of Anthropology which depict Zulus and people from Chiapas, Mexico. Some of the prints in this collection may have been made for an Indian Photographic Exhibit lent by the BAE to the Public Library Commission of Indiana.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 85
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for the bulk of the photographs in this collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Original prints for photographs of Zulu and people in Chiapas are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97 and Photo Lot 24.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 85, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collection relating to American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.85
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-85

Microfilm of Sheldon Jackson photograph collection

Creator:
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Extent:
1 Roll (microfilm)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Alaskan natives  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Roll
Photographs
Place:
Alaska
Date:
circa 1877-1907
Scope and Contents note:
Circa 500 photographs documenting Sheldon Jackson's work in the Presbyterian Church and among Alaskan natives, including images of towns, buildings, scenery, and Alaskan natives. The collection includes commercial prints and photographs probably made by Jackson.
Biographical/Historical note:
Sheldon Jackson (1834-1909) was a Presbyterian minister and missionary and a United States government official. He graduated from Union College in New York (1855) and completed a program in theological studies at Princeton (1858). After graduation, he worked at a school for Choctaw boys in what is now Spencer, Oklahoma. He then moved to Minnesota to work as a pastor (1859-1869), stopping briefly to serve as a chaplain in the Civil War. In 1869, he became superintendent for the Board of Home Missions for Iowa, Nebraska, the Dakotas, Wyoming, Montana, and Utah. In 1870 his superintendency included almost all of the American West.

Jackson first visited Alaska in 1877, and in 1884 the federal government appointed him the territory's first superintendent of public instruction. In 1885 he joined the Bureau of Education as a general agent for education in Alaska. In this position, he worked to increase access to education and establish schools. He also introduced domesticated reindeer to Alaska in 1892 in order to alleviate undernourishment in the Alaska native population. In 1897, Jackson was elected moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, the highest honor of that denomination.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R81-13
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Presbyterian Historical Society holds the Sheldon Jackson papers.
Photographs relating to Jackson's project to import reindeer for Alaskans held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 130.
The Department of Anthropology collections holds artifacts collected by Sheldon Jackson in Alaska and elsewhere.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
The microfilm was obtained for reference purposes only. Copies of the images should be obtained from the Presbyterian Historical Society in Philadelphia.
Topic:
Presbyterian Church  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R81-13, Microfilm of Sheldon Jackson photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R81-13
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r81-13

Copies of Herbert W. Dick photographs of excavations at Bat Cave

Creator:
Dick, Herbert W. (photographer or collector)  Search this
Names:
Antevs, Ernst, 1888-1974  Search this
McGimsey, Charles R. (Charles Robert), 1925-  Search this
Rodeck, Hugo G.  Search this
Smith, C. Earle (Claude Earle), 1922-1987  Search this
Extent:
83 copy prints
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
New Mexico -- Antiquities
Bat Cave (N.M.)
Date:
1948-1950
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs probably made or collected by Herbert W. Dick for his 1965 book, Bat Cave. Included are images of excavations and sediment, field camp and crew, a nearby quarry site, a building in Horse Springs, and projectile points and baskets found at Bat Cave in New Mexico. Depicted individuals include Jeffery V. Morris, Hugo G. Rodeck, Ernst Antevs, Roberta Smith, Martha Dick, C. Earle Smith, Jr., Eloise Richards, Charles McGimsey, Herbert W. Dick, Hugo C. Cotter, and Robert P. Goethals.
Biographical/Historical note:
Bat Cave is an archeological site in New Mexico that consists of rock shelters dating to about 10,000 years ago and contains evidence of early maize agriculture. Excavations were conducted at the site in 1948 by the Harvard Peabody Museum, in 1950 by Harvard and the University of Colorado Museum, and in 1981-1983 by the Museum of Anthropology at the University of Michigan.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R86-67
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Libraries and Smithsonian Institution Libraries hold Dick's book, Bat Cave, and Wirt Wills's report on the 1981 University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology Research at Bat Cave.
Records and correspondence by Dick can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in River Basin Surveys Records, Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers, and Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers.
Correspondence from Hugo Rodeck can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers.
Correspondence from Ernst Antevs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Frank Harold Hanna Roberts, Jr., papers and photographs.
Writings by Charles McGimsey can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the General Accounting Office Working Papers Concerning Review of Federal Agencies and Implementation of Archeological Salvage Laws, River Basin Surveys Records, and MS 7222.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Baskets  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Corn  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R86-67, Copies of Herbert W. Dick photographs of excavations at Bat Cave, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R86-67
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r86-67

United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection of American Indians

Creator:
United States National Museum., Dept. of Anthropology.  Search this
Photographer:
Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (U.S.)  Search this
Heyn Photo  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Mitchell, McGowan and Company  Search this
Place & Coover  Search this
Addison, George A.  Search this
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Brady, Mathew B., approximately 1823-1896  Search this
Bretz, George W. (Fort Sill, Oklahoma)  Search this
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Fouch, John H., 1849-1933  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Goff, O. S. (Orlando Scott), 1843-1917  Search this
Gutekunst, Frederick, 1831-1917  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Partridge, William Ordway, 1861-1930  Search this
Randall, A. F. (A. Frank)  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Publisher:
Rice, Rutter & Co.  Search this
Artist:
Noyes, Francis H.  Search this
Reiss, Winold, 1886-1953  Search this
Extent:
3 painted photographs
8 Prints (halftone and color halftone)
56 Photographic prints (albumen and silver gelatin)
10 copy prints
1 Stereograph (albumen)
2 Engravings
2 color lithographs
Culture:
Siouan Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Chiricahua Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Powhatan Indians  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Mohawk Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Painted photographs
Prints
Photographic prints
Copy prints
Stereographs
Engravings
Color lithographs
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the collection consists of portraits of identified American Indians and some government officials and interpreters. It includes cabinet cards, other mounted prints, newspaper articles, illustrations, and a photographic postcard. Depicted individuals include American Horse, Oglala; Black Hawk, Sauk; Bob Tail, Cheyenne; Crowfoot, Hunkpapa; Gaul, Hunkpapa; Geronimo, Chiricahua; John Grass, Teton; Chief Joseph, Nez Perce; Little Wound, Oglala; Medicine Bull, Hunkpapa; Osceola, Seminole; Ouray, Ute; Litte Raven, Arapaho; Plenty Coups, Crow; Pocahontas, Powhatan; Rain in the Face, Hunkpapa; Red Cloud, Oglala; Red Iron, Dakota; Short Man, Piegan; Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa; Standing On Prairie, Siouan; Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant), Mohawk; Two Guns White Calf, Piegan; Two Moon, Cheyenne; and Washakie, Shoshoni.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 87-2P
Contained in:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collections, undated
See others in:
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection of American Indians, undated
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 87-2P, United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.87-2P
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-87-2p

Library of Congress Copyright Office photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Library of Congress. Copyright Office  Search this
Photographer:
Alfred S. Campbell Art Co.  Search this
Alligator Farm  Search this
Art Foto Company  Search this
Bailey Company  Search this
C. C. Pierce & Company  Search this
Case & Draper  Search this
Cobbs, The  Search this
Cornish & Baker  Search this
Crippen & Reese  Search this
Curtis & Miller  Search this
Detroit Publishing Co.  Search this
Frashers Inc.  Search this
Fred Harvey (Firm)  Search this
H.H. Bennett Studio  Search this
Harrison & Harris  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
James & Pierce  Search this
John F. Byrnes & Co.  Search this
Karl E. Moon & Co.  Search this
Kendrick Studio  Search this
Kesir Brothers  Search this
Lewiston Business College  Search this
Locke & Peterson  Search this
Lomen Bros.  Search this
Mary Ann Studio  Search this
McIllheney & Engstrom  Search this
Mishler & Walker  Search this
National Art Co.  Search this
Osborne Company  Search this
Perry & Petrik  Search this
Robinsons, The  Search this
Rose & Hopkins  Search this
Smith & Hassel  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Adams, Ira Clay  Search this
Allyn, Harry J.  Search this
Anderson, J. A. (John Alvin), 1869-1948  Search this
Anderson, John F.  Search this
Anderson, Oliver P. (Oliver Phelps)  Search this
Andrews, Clarence Leroy, 1862-1948  Search this
Arnold, C. D. (Charles Dudley), 1844-1927  Search this
Arnold, John J.  Search this
Baker, A. J.  Search this
Bakey, William August  Search this
Black, T. Henry  Search this
Blessing, J. Lynne  Search this
Blotcky, Abraham G.  Search this
Boag, W. J. (William John)  Search this
Boos, Edward H.  Search this
Bortell, P. Clinton  Search this
Bowman, W. S. (Walter S.)  Search this
Bradford, C. S. (Charles Sydney)  Search this
Brady, Ferdinand  Search this
Bratley, J. H. (Jesse H.)  Search this
Brewster, Arthur J.  Search this
Britain, J. W.  Search this
Buchman, Albert R.  Search this
Bunnell, S. U.  Search this
Burke, F. P. (Frank P.)  Search this
Carpenter, A. C.  Search this
Clark, R. H.  Search this
Cline, Walter M., 1873-1941  Search this
Collins, J. W.  Search this
Cornish, Geo. B. (George Bancroft)  Search this
Countryman, Edwin W., 1872-1946  Search this
Crossland, W. R.  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Davis, Trevor M.  Search this
Dean, F. E.  Search this
Distin, William  Search this
Dixon, Joseph K. (Joseph Kossuth)  Search this
Dobbs, B. B. (Beverly Bennett)  Search this
Dodge, K. T. (Katherine Taylor)  Search this
Drake, J. D.  Search this
Drum, O.  Search this
Duckwall, David Thomas Jr  Search this
Eickemeyer, Carl  Search this
Eklund, Hildore C.  Search this
Ellingson, M. A. (Martin A.)  Search this
Emery, C. E. (Charles E.)  Search this
Endner, Harry W.  Search this
Evans, Wilmot R.  Search this
Fair, Henry, 1856-  Search this
Faulk, B. J.  Search this
Fawcett, Waldon  Search this
Fewkes, John  Search this
Fine, Eben G.  Search this
Fishbaugh, W. A. (William A.)  Search this
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Fitch, W. T.  Search this
Fly, M. E.  Search this
Forrest, Earle R. (Earle Robert), 1883-1969  Search this
Forsyth, N. A. (Norman A.), 1869-1949  Search this
Freeman, Emma B., 1880-1928  Search this
Fully, Albert  Search this
Gifford, Benjamin A.  Search this
Gifford, Ralph  Search this
Gilpin, Laura  Search this
Glasier, E. C. (Emma C.)  Search this
Glasier, F. W. (Frederick W.)  Search this
Goetze, O. D. (Otto Daniel)  Search this
Gonner, F. (Frank)  Search this
Grabill, John C. H.  Search this
Grady, M. A.  Search this
Graves, Faye, -1945  Search this
Hakkerup, N. L. (N. Larson)  Search this
Hall, A. W.  Search this
Hall, Fred G.  Search this
Hamilton, James R.  Search this
Hance, G. W. (George W.)  Search this
Hand, Fred  Search this
Haran, J. A.  Search this
Harrison, J. V.  Search this
Hartwell, Sidney R.  Search this
Haynes, Jack Ellis, 1884-1962  Search this
Hebard, Grace Raymond, 1861-1936  Search this
Herman, Eddie  Search this
Hibbard, C. J.  Search this
Hill, Eva M.  Search this
Hill, Harry E., 1869-1937  Search this
Homan, Edward Jr  Search this
Hook, W. E. (William Edward), 1833-1908  Search this
Hunt, P. S. (Phinney S.), 1866-1917  Search this
Ingersoll, T. W. (Truman Ward), 1862-1922  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Jansrud, J. C.  Search this
Jensen, W. F.  Search this
Johnson, George W.  Search this
Johnson, Jessamine Spear, 1886-  Search this
Johnson, John A.  Search this
Jones, Ida  Search this
Kellogg, P. H.  Search this
Kern, Bernhard  Search this
Kinne, A. B. (Albert Barnes)  Search this
Kinsey, Darius, 1869-1945  Search this
Kip, Benjamin M.  Search this
Kiser, Fred H.  Search this
Knott, Franklin Price  Search this
La Roche, Frank, 1853-1934  Search this
Langdon, J. W. (John Warren)  Search this
Lange, William  Search this
Ledford, Duke E.  Search this
Lewis, Anna  Search this
Linton, Esther Letitia, 1866-  Search this
Logston, E. W.  Search this
Lubken, Walter J., 1881-1960  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacKenzie, Colin (Colin H.)  Search this
Markham, B. C. (Benjamin Clayton)  Search this
Markley, Iris  Search this
Matthews, George L.  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
McAllister, William O.  Search this
McClintock, Walter, 1870-1949  Search this
McKay, R. H. (Rollin H.)  Search this
McKee, Thomas M., 1854-1939  Search this
McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil, 1860-1944  Search this
Mcbride, C. C.  Search this
Meiser, J. A. (Jesse A.)  Search this
Mellen, Geo. E. (George Egbert), b. 1854  Search this
Mercer, Anson Cary  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merryman, Aubrey Ewert  Search this
Metcalfe, Frederick Andrew  Search this
Meyers, Henry C.  Search this
Miller, James A.  Search this
Mitchell, Daniel S.  Search this
Monsen, Frederick, 1865-1929  Search this
Moore, F. E. (Frank E.)  Search this
Moorhouse, Lee, 1850-1926  Search this
Morris, Charles E.  Search this
Morris, T. A.  Search this
Murray, Sylvia E.  Search this
Newcomb, Alta Ida  Search this
Newton, Warren Z.  Search this
Norcott, Culver K.  Search this
Northrup, Dale O.  Search this
Nowell, Frank H., 1864-1950  Search this
Oakes, Mortimer L.  Search this
Oliver, Warren Mack  Search this
Palmer, Frank, 1864-1920  Search this
Palmer, G. E.  Search this
Parker, Robert Gish  Search this
Peabody, Henry G. (Henry Greenwood), 1855-1951  Search this
Peeso, Frederick E.  Search this
Pennington, William M.  Search this
Percy, Henry George  Search this
Phelan, A. B.  Search this
Pickett, W. B.  Search this
Plank, Henriette A.  Search this
Pleissner, Ogden M.  Search this
Poley, H. S. (Horace Swartley)  Search this
Porter, Milton E. (Milton Edson)  Search this
Powell, Tod  Search this
Prestbus, Ingemar  Search this
Price, Robert C.  Search this
Putnam, A.  Search this
Quick, Floyd Edgar  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Rauderbaugh  Search this
Reading, R. L.  Search this
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rice, Thomas J.  Search this
Risem, A.  Search this
Robinson, K. E.  Search this
Rogers, May S.  Search this
Ross, D. F.  Search this
Rosser, J. H.  Search this
Rowland, Perley C.  Search this
Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion), 1864-1926  Search this
Rutter, Thomas H., 1837-1925  Search this
San Jule, F. E.  Search this
Schwemberger, Simeon  Search this
Scott, Frances  Search this
Shattuck, Rena  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Shipman, B. J.  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Siebert, Edward S.  Search this
Smith, Benjamin A.  Search this
Smith, Erminnie A. (Erminnie Adele), 1836-1886  Search this
Soule, John P.  Search this
Spencer, George A.  Search this
Splawn, A. J.  Search this
Spurr, E. Willard  Search this
Squires, C. F.  Search this
Starrh, Thomas M.  Search this
Stephenson, Benton E.  Search this
Stevens, J. E.  Search this
Stimson, Joseph Elam, 1870-1952  Search this
Stonecipher, C. U.  Search this
Strakal, Chris J.  Search this
Sweney, Dallas R.  Search this
Tammen, Harry Heye, 1856-1924  Search this
Tancred, Douglas  Search this
Tangen, Ed, 1873-1951  Search this
Tanner, W. S.  Search this
Taylor, G. S. (Gracie S.)  Search this
Tees, Howard  Search this
Terry, John Jesse  Search this
Thedens, Fred R.  Search this
Thomas, Arthur  Search this
Thompson, Lucy, 1856-  Search this
Thompson, P. T.  Search this
Throssel, Richard, d. 1933  Search this
Trager, George E.  Search this
Truman, Edward  Search this
Tuell, Julia E.  Search this
Turner, Thomas  Search this
Van Oeyen, L.  Search this
Waite, C. B. (Charles Betts), 1861-1927  Search this
Wallace, H. J.  Search this
Warren, O. B.  Search this
Waterman, O. W.  Search this
Wheeler, C. S.  Search this
White, Lily E.  Search this
Wolf, C. A.  Search this
Wores, Theodore, 1858-1939  Search this
Young, F. A. (Fred Andrew)  Search this
Names:
Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Wanamaker, Rodman, 1863-1928 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Extent:
6,085 mounted prints (circa, albumen, collodion, silver gelatin, platinum)
Culture:
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Quileute Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Miwok Indians  Search this
Mono Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Kootenai Indians  Search this
Klikitat Indians  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Kwakiutl Indians  Search this
Kato Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Kalispel Indians  Search this
Karok Indians  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Haida Indians  Search this
Havasupai Indians  Search this
Paloos Indians  Search this
Duwamish Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Achomawi Indians  Search this
Ahtena Indians  Search this
Quinault Indians  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Tlakluit Indians  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Coeur d'Alene Indians  Search this
Spokane Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Sinkiuse-Columbia Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Passamaquoddy Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Swinomish Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Cochiti Indians  Search this
Acoma Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Nootka Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Jemez Indians  Search this
Hualapai Indians  Search this
Wailaki Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Zia Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Yuki Indians  Search this
Yurok Indians  Search this
Twana Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Tsimshian Indians  Search this
Wappo Indians  Search this
Wampanoag Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Walla Walla Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Makah Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Maricopa Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Yaqui Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Clallam Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Chinook Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Cowichan Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Chehalis Indians  Search this
Cayuse Indians  Search this
Cahuilla Indians  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Chemakum Indians  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Chemehuevi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1890s-1920s
1860s-1930s
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs relating to Native Americans, which were submitted to the copyright office of the Library of Congress in and around the early 20th century. Many of the photographs are studio portraits as well as photographs made as part of expeditions and railroad surveys. It includes images of people, dwellings and other structures, agriculture, arts and crafts, burials, ceremonies and dances, games, food preparation, transportation, and scenic views. Some of the photographs were posed to illustrate literary works, including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Hiawatha, while others depict paintings or other artwork.

Tribes represented are Achomawi, Ahtena, Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cahita, Cahuilla, Cayuse, Chehalis, Chemehuevi, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chimakum, Chinook, Chippewa, Choctaw, Clatsop, Cocopa, Comanche, Cowichan, Cree, Creek, Crow, Dakota, Duwamish, Eskimo, Fox, Gros Ventre (Atsina), Gros Ventre (Hidatsa), Haida, Havasupai, Hoh, Hupa, Iroquois (including Mohawk, Onandaga, Seneca, and St. Regis), Kalispel, Karok, Kato, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Klickitat, Kutenai, Kwakiutl, Maidu, Makah, Mandan, Maricopa, Menominee, Miwok, Mohave, Mono, Navaho, Nez Perce, Nootka, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Paiute, Paloos, Papago, Passamaquoddy, Pawnee, Peoria, Pima, Pomo, Ponca, Potawatomi, Pueblo (including Acoma, Cochiti, Hano, Hopi, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Santo Domingo, Sia, San Juan, Taos, Tesuque, and Zuni), Quahatika, Quapaw, Queets, Quileute, Quinault, Salish (including Flathead), Sarsi, Sauk and Fox, Seminole, Shawnee, Shoshoni, Sinkiuse, Skitswish, Spokan, Swinomish, Tenino, Tlingit, Tolowa, Tonkawa, Tsimshian, Twana, Umatilla, Ute, Wailaki, Walapai, Wallawalla, Wampanoag, Wappo, Wasco, Washo, Wichita, Winnebago, Wishram, Yakima, Yavapai, Yokuts, Yuki, Yuma, and Yurok.
Biographical/Historical note:
The collection was formed from submissions made to the Library of Congress as part of the copyright registration process. In 1949, arrangements were made to allow the Bureau of American Ethnology to copy the collection and some negatives were made at that time, largely from the Heyn and Matzen photographs. The project was soon abandoned, however, as too large an undertaking for the facilities of the BAE. In 1957-1958, arrangements were begun by William C. Sturtevant of the BAE to transfer all of the photographs from the Library to the BAE.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 59
See others in:
Library of Congress Copyright Office photograph collection of American Indians, 1860s-1930s (bulk 1890s-1920s)
Provenance:
In 1965, the Bureau merged with the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology to form the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, and in 1968 the Office of Anthropology Archives transformed into the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 59, Library of Congress Copyright Office photograph collection of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.59
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-59

Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of American Indians

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Cohner, Samuel A.  Search this
Dinwiddie, William, 1867-1934  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Sawyer, Wells, 1863-1960  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Names:
Mindeleff, Cosmos, 1863-  Search this
Mindeleff, Victor, 1860-1948  Search this
Extent:
16 Albums (albumen and platinum)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sihasapa Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Spokane Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Kiowa Apache Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Iowa Indians  Search this
Kalispel Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Place:
Chaco Canyon (N.M.)
Sonora (Mexico : State)
New Mexico
Date:
1858-1905
Scope and Contents note:
Photograph albums prepared by the Bureau of American Ethnology or the photographic lab, possibly for reference purposes by staff. The use of such albums has been mentioned by BAE photographer De Lancey W. Gill. The albums contain photographs made from the Bureau of American Ethnology's collection of negatives, documenting Apache, Arapaho, Assiniboin, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Cocopa, Dakota, Flathead, Fox, Iowa, Kalispel, Kiowa Apache, Nez Perce, Omaha, Osage, Ponca, Santa Clara, Sauk, Shoshoni, Spokane Tonkawa, Wichita, and Winnebago Indians. The bulk of the photographs are studio portraits, made at the Trans-Mississippi Exposition in Omaha in 1898 or during delegation visits to Washington, DC. There are also other photographs made during Victor Mindeleffʹs work in Chaco Canyon, and on W J McGeeʹs expedition to Sonora, Mexico, in 1900.

Photographers include Charles Milton Bell, William Dinwiddie, Alexander Gardner, De Lancey W. Gill, John K. Hillers, William Henry Jackson, Frank Albert Rinehart, Wells Moses Sawyer, Antonio Zeno Shindler, Victor or Cosmos Mindeleff, Julian Vannerson with Samuel A. Cohner. Included are negative numbers formerly used by BAE, but the National Anthropological Archives also annotated them with current negative numbers.
Arrangement note:
Titles of the albums are (1) Omaha and Winnebago; (2) miscellaneous; (3) Sauk and Fox; (4) miscellaneous; (5) Arapaho and Cheyenne; (6) Chiricahua, San Carlos, and Apache; (7) Sauk and Fox; (8) Osage, Shoshoni and Nez Perce, Siouan, Oto; (9) Santa Clara and Flathead; (10) Ponca; (11) Sauk and (12) Wichita and Kiowa Apache; (13) Cocopa; and (14) Assiniboin and Blackfoot
Biographical/Historical note:
The Bureau of American Ethnology was founded in 1879 in part as a result of the federal geological surveys and under the administration of the Smithsonian Institution. Under the directorship of John Wesley Powell (1879-1902), the BAE supported field research by its staff and collaborators, initiated several anthropological publications, and supported the growth of the anthropological discipline, particularly as it related to American Indians and specimens. In addition to its research and publications program, it developed a manuscript repository, library, and an illustrations section that included (in addition to the preparation of artwork for publications) photography and a photographic collection. The BAE commissioned studio portraits of visiting Indian delegates and hired De Lancey Gill served as the its official photographer and illustrator from the 1890s to 1930.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 60
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Bureau of American Ethnology records and the BAE historical negatives, as well as Dinwiddie photographs of the W. J. McGee expeditions are held in (Photo Lot 89 and Photo Lot 144), Charles Milton Bell photographs (Photo Lot 80), and additional photographs by most photographers represented in this collection (Photo Lot 59 and Photo Lot 90-1)
See others in:
Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of American Indians, 1858-1905
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 60, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.60
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-60

MS 7463 Book of Cheyenne drawings by Little Skunk and unknown Cheyenne artists, with correspondence concerning drawings

Artist:
Little Skunk  Search this
Correspondent:
Wernher, Adolf  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (hard-bound volume of 89 drawings (152 pages+flyleaves+covers+3 leaves inserted) in slipcase, graphite and colored pencil on ruled paper, 14 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1878-1902
Scope and Contents:
Bound notebook of ruled paper with 89 drawings, primarily scenes of warfare. The drawings are the work of several different artists and depict battles with several different tribes as well as with White civilians and Army troops. Slip case embossed with title "Outbreak of the Cheyenne Indians 1878. Sign Language Written by the Chief 'Little Skunk'." Three letters regarding history and identification of the book inserted. One insert, a note dated September 10, 1892, and signed by A. Wernher, states "this book was presented to me in 1879 by Hermann Hauser of the Q. Mr. Dept. at Fort Reno, Ind. Terr. Hauser was affiliated by marriage to the Cheyenne tribe of Indians and assured me that the book represented in sign language (i.e. drawings) the outbreak of the Cheyenne Indians at Fort Reno Ind Terry and their raid through Kansas to the North in 1878, written by the Cheyenne Indian "Little Skunk." Another insert is a letter dated February 2, 1897, written by Frank Hamilton Cushing returning the book to a Colonel Cushing and asking to see it again later. The third insert is a letter dated March 11, 1902, written by P. C. Knox to Colonel William C. Sanger with thanks for letting him see the book.
Biographical / Historical:
P.C. Knox (1853-1921), author of one letter, was appointed Attorney General of the United States under the McKinley Administration and continued to serve until 1904 when he was appointed to a vacancy in the Senate. Knox was reelected to this position in 1905, resigning in 1909 to join the Cabinet under Taft's administration. For more information about P.C. Knox see Archibald Dodds' The Public Services of Philander Chase Knox, 1950, PhD. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. Col. William C. Sanger, to whom the letter is addressed, was appointed as Assistant Secretary of War in 1901.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7463

OPPS SLIDE 22,227-22,297
Varying Form of Title:
Outbreak of the Cheyenne Indians, 1878 / sign language written by the Chief "Little Skunk"
Local Note:
The content of the images is not consistent with the accompanying identification that they depict the Northern Cheyenne outbreak of 1878. The names Little Skunk and Hermann Hauser do not appear in the index to the records of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency held at the Oklahoma Historical Society, but the latter's name appears as "Herman Hauser" in separate material at the Oklahoma Historical Society relating to Fort Reno.
Place:
United States Indian Territory Fort Reno.
United States Oklahoma Fort Reno.
Album Information:
MS 7463 001
Restrictions:
Researchers should use slides.
Topic:
Military art and science -- Cheyenne  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 7463, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7463
See more items in:
MS 7463 Book of Cheyenne drawings by Little Skunk and unknown Cheyenne artists, with correspondence concerning drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7463
Online Media:

Portraits of American Indians

Photographer:
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Dinwiddie, William, 1867-1934  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Extent:
70 Prints (circa, albumen and silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
late 19th century
Scope and Contents note:
The collection largely consists of late 19th century studio portraits of American Indians made by professional photographers including A. Zeno Shindler, William Dinwiddie, Henry W. Henshaw, John K. Hillers, De Lancey Gill, and Alexander Gardner.
Biographical/Historical note:
Many of the photographers represented in the collection were associated with or did work for the Bureau of American Ethnology, which collected many of their original negatives.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 141A
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many of the photographs in this collection are held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives and Photo Lot 31.
The National Anthropological Archives holds additional photographs by these photographers in Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 60, and Photo Lot 24.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 141A, Portraits of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.141A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-141a

Lantern slides of Ferdinand Pettrich sculptures related to American Indians

Names:
Museo missionario etnologico (Vatican City)  Search this
Black Hawk, approximately 1832-approximately 1890  Search this
Keokuk, Sauk chief, 1780?-1848  Search this
Pettrich, Ferdinand, 1798-1872  Search this
Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief, 1768-1813  Search this
Collector:
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
Nuttall, Zelia, 1858-1933  Search this
Extent:
28 lantern slides (28, lantern slides)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Date:
1927
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of statues, busts, and reliefs in the Vatican's Museo Missionario Etnologico. Included are portraits of Creek, Dakota, Fox, Sauk, Shawnee, and Winnebago Indians, as well as scenes of scalping, hunting, and a council between Indians and United States government officials.
Biographical/Historical note:
Ferdinand Pettrich (1798-1872) was born in Dresden, Germany, and first learned sculpting practices from his father, a court sculptor for the King of Saxony. After moving to Rome at age 21, he studied under the Danish sculptor and teacher Albert B. Thorvaldsen. Following this education, Pettrich traveled to America with his wife in 1835, and opened a studio in Washington, D.C. There, he sculpted busts for politicians and visiting American Indian delegates and may have made sketches depicting facets of the life and history of various tribes. Some of those sketches were later used to compose his statues. In 1942, Pettrich was stabbed, and moved to recuperate in Brazil, where he worked as court sculptor for Emperor Dom Pedro II. He later returned to Rome, where he presented his sculptures of American Indian subjects to the Museum of St. John Lateran in the Vatican.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 20
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Lithographs of Pettrich sketches are held in National Anthropological Archives MS 4886.
Additional artifacts donated by the Department of Anthropology, Catholic University of America in USNM ACC 211312 held in the Department of Anthropology collections and in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 32.
Copies of correspondence from Pettrich held in the Archives of American Art in the Joel Roberts Poinsett letters from artists and Ferdinand F. A. Pettrich letters to Henry Wise.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo lot 20, Lantern slides of Ferdinand Pettrich sculptures related to American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.20
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-20

Antonio Zeno Shindler photographs of Indians and agents

Photographer?:
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Names:
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Extent:
22 Negatives (glass)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1867-1871
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of studio portraits of men, probably American Indians and Indian agents. The photographs were probably made by Antonio Zeno Shindler, though they may have been made by De Lancey W. Gill, and may relate to those commissioned by William Henry Blackmore.
Biographical/Historical note:
Antonio Zeno Shindler (1823-1899) was a photographer and artist for the Smithsonian Institution and benefactor of William Blackmore during the second half of the 20th century. Though the facts of his young life are highly speculative, he was probably born Antonio (or Antonion) Zeno in Bulgaria or Romania. He adopted the name Shindler from a patron in Geneva, Switzerland, with whom he moved to and lived with in Paris, where he studied art. While it is uncertain exactly when Shindler first arrived in the United States, he is listed in an 1852 directory for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as working as a drawing instructor. From then until 1863, he exhibited his artwork in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. In 1867, Shindler moved with his family and his brother-in-law's family to Washington, DC. In Washington, Shindler took propriotorship of the Addis Photographic Gallery, where he worked under the name Shindler and Company with his brother-in-law. Shindler was commissioned by English philanthropist William Henry Blackmore and the Smithsonian to make copies of Blackmore's collection of photographs, create a catalog for their exhibition, and photograph delegations of American Indians visiting Washington. The Blackmore project was completed circa 1872 and Shindler continued to work for the Smithsonian as an artist until his death in July 1899.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 31
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Shindler and Gill negatives are available in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The negatives are in special storage and will normally not be made available to researchers.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 31, Antonio Zeno Shindler photographs of Indians and agents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.31
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-31
Online Media:

William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
J. Gurney & Son  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Carter, C. W., 1832-1918  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Ulke, Henry, 1821-1910  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Westmann, Orloff R.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Names:
Hayden Survey  Search this
Powell-Thompson Survey  Search this
Extent:
9 Albums (circa 4000 prints, albumen (some copies))
Culture:
White Mountain Apache Indians  Search this
Warm Spring Apache Indians  Search this
Wahpeton Indians  Search this
Waco Indians  Search this
Yampa Indians  Search this
Wyandot Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Stockbridge Indians  Search this
Sisseton Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Uinta Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Montauk Indians  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Brotherton Indians  Search this
Modoc Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Miniconjou Indians  Search this
Missouri Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Chiricahua Indians  Search this
Miami Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Keeche Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Ottawa Indians  Search this
Jicarilla Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Iowa Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Sihasapa Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Cochiti Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Date:
circa 1877
Scope and Contents note:
Albums probably assembled by William Henry Jackson, mostly containing portraits of American Indian delegates in Washington, D.C. and photographs made on US Geological Surveys (including the Hayden and Powell surveys). Photographs from the field include John K. Hillers' photographs of the Southwest, photographs of Fort Laramie (possibly by Alexander Gardner), Orloff R. Westmann's photographs of Taos Pueblo, and Jackson's photographs of Crow, Shoshoni, Pawnee, and Nez Perce Indians and related sites. Most of the photographs were made circa 1860s-1870s.

The albums were likely made by Jackson while working under Ferdinand V. Hayden for the United States Geological Survey of the Territories. The reason for their creation is uncertain, though it may have been a project set up by Hayden or a continuation of William Henry Blackmore's tradition of publishing albums. Some of the albums include captions pasted from Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians (1877) while others have handwritten captions.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) was an American painter, photographer and explorer. Born in New York, he sold drawings and retouched photographs from an early age. After serving in the Civil War, he opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska, with his brother Edward. As photographer for the US Geological and Geographical Surveys (1870-1878), he documented the American west and published the first photographs of Yellowstone. When the surveys lost funding in 1879, Jackson opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, and also worked for various railroad companies. Many of Jackson's photographs were displayed at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago (1893), for which he was the official photographer.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4420
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many of the photographs in this collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds William Henry Jackson photographs and negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4605, MS 4801, Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 29, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo lot 143, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 87-20, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Correspondence from Jackson held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4517, MS 4881, MS 4821, and collections of personal papers.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, circa 1877
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4420, William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4420
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4420

MS 4441 The Age of Science; A Satire in Ten Numbers

Creator:
Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864  Search this
Names:
Bancroft, George, 1800-1891  Search this
Butler, B.  Search this
Cass, Lewis  Search this
Dix, John A.  Search this
Hall, Frederick, 1780-1843  Search this
Hoffman, Charles F.  Search this
Inman, Henry  Search this
Irving, Washington, 1783-1859  Search this
Skinner Dr.  Search this
Torrey, John, 1796-1873  Search this
Extent:
42 Items (ca. 42 pages)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
February 1840
Scope and Contents:
Verses to Washington Irving, George Bancroft, B. Butler, John Torrey, Frederick Hall, Dr Skinner, Charles F. Hoffman, John A. Dix, Henry Inman and Lewis Cass.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4441
Citation:
Manuscript 4441, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4441
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4441

MS 7204 Letter to Otis Tufton Mason

Creator:
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Addressee:
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
December 31, 1895
Scope and Contents:
Concerns examples of armor made of different materials--walrus ivory, reindeer horn, plates of wood, hide, and hide covered with Chinese coins. Includes a note from Mason asking that photographs of all be obtained.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7204
Topic:
Armor  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7204, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7204
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7204

MS 7403 "Indians painted by A. Zeno Shindler, Artist, United States National Museum" Lists

Creator:
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Names:
United States National Museum -- Exhibits  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Lists
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes a list with Indian names and another with negative numbers and some personal or tribal names.
Biographical / Historical:
Shindler painted portraits of American Indians that were purchased by the Blackmore Museum in England. He also painted photographs of American Indians that were exhibited in the United States National Museum. The lists probably pertain to these projects.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7403
Topic:
Art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lists
Citation:
Manuscript 7403, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7403
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7403

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