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Gottlieb Hampfler photograph collection

Photographer:
Hampfler, Gottlieb  Search this
Names:
Hagley Museum  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (63 35mm slide duplicates.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives
Place:
Granogue (Wilmington, Delaware)
Goodstay (Wilmington, Delaware)
Date:
circa 1939-1990
Summary:
The Gottlieb Hampfler Collection contains 63 duplicate 35mm slides of images of gardens in the Brandywine Valley in Delaware and Pennsylvania and Rye, New York taken by Hampfler, the staff photographer at Longwood Gardens in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, from 1955-1975.
Biographical/Historical note:
Gottlieb A. Hampfler was the staff photographer for Longwood Gardens in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, from 1955 until his retirement in 1975. His career in horticulture began with positions at Henry F. Michell Company and Andorra Nursery, both in Pennsylvania. After an exchange of correspondence between Hampfler and Longwood founder Pierre Samuel du Pont, Hampfler was hired in 1934 to serve on the horticulture staff there. In this position, he was able to indulge his passion for photography. Hampfler's first freelance work was done in 1938; from 1946-1948, he served on the faculty of Moore College of Art in Philadelphia. As the president of a number of camera clubs and a member of several professional societies, Hampfer lectured extensively and received numerous awards, including the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society's Certificate of Merit in 1993.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Plants  Search this
Flowers  Search this
Gardens -- New York -- Rye  Search this
Gardens -- Delaware -- Wilmington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Gottlieb Hampfler photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HMP
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-hmp

Captain A. H. McComb Jr. slide collection

Creator:
McComb, A. H., Jr., Capt.  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (230 color slides, 35mm)
Container:
Box 1, Box 2
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Panama
Trinidad and Tobago
Washington (D.C.)
Virgin Islands of the United States
Paris (France)
Puerto Rico
Bermuda Islands
Copenhagen (Denmark)
England
Germany
Haiti
Cuba
Jamaica
Date:
1956-1966
Summary:
The Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. Collection includes approximately 230 35mm slides of public and private gardens and landscapes dating from 1956 to 1966, photographed by Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. at sites in Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, New York, United States Virgin Islands, Argentina, Bermuda, Capri, Cuba, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Tobago.
Scope and Contents note:
The Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. Collection includes approximately 230 35mm slides of public and private gardens and landscapes dating from 1956 to 1966, photographed by Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. at sites in Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, New York, United States Virgin Islands, Argentina, Bermuda, Capri, Cuba, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Tobago. While McComb generally indicated the location and/or plant featured in each image on the corresponding slide mount, the location of sites documented in some of images is unknown. Also included are images of various flowers and plants, some of which are not attributable to a particular site. A typewritten list of image captions keyed to the numbered slides accompanied the donation.
Arrangement note:
Arranged into 2 series:

1. U.S. Gardens 2. Foreign Gardens

The original arrangement, which is maintained, consists of a two-part numbering system based on sequential (and chronological) rolls of film and the slides within each roll. Each roll was numbered sequentially by, presumably, Capt. McComb as were the slides within each roll (e.g. 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, and 7-1, 7-2, 7-3, etc.) with gaps in the numbering sequences representing slides not included in the donation to the Smithsonian.
Biographical/Historical note:
Captain Archibald H. "Bud" McComb, Jr. of Winchester, Virginia, (May 27, 1913-February 8, 2003), was the Chief of International Maritime Safety Coordinating Staff at the United States Coast Guard Headquarters in Washington, D.C and life member of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.
Provenance:
Captain and Mrs. A.H. McComb donated the collection to the Office of Horticulture in (later Smithsonian Gardens) in 1981.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Flowers  Search this
Plants  Search this
Trees  Search this
Travel photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Captain A. H. McComb Jr. slide collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCC
See more items in:
Captain A. H. McComb Jr. slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mcc

John Hiller lantern slide collection

Creator:
Hiller, John  Search this
Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet (216 lantern slides:, color autochromes; , 3.25 x 4 inches.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Date:
circa 1920-1930
Summary:
The John Hiller Lantern Slide Collection contains 216 glass autochromes dated circa 1920-1930 documenting homes and gardens, house interiors, scenes from domestic and foreign travel, flower arrangements, and people in Europe and unidentified locations.
Scope and Contents Note:
The John Hiller Collection contains 216 glass autochromes dated c. 1920s-1930's. The images cover a wide array of subjects and regions, with many of them showing landscapes and travel destinations. Some show house interiors, plant arrangements, or casual groups of people. Several of the autochromes show historic towns and ruins in Greece and Switzerland along with some in Croatia, Italy, Bulgaria and Austria. Scattered amongst these are slides of various unidentified sites and gardens. It is not known if any of the unidentified images show sites in the United States.

The photographer(s) of these images is unknown. The uniformity of the type of tape used to seal each of the autochromes suggests that the images may be the work of one photographer or photo studio rather than a collection compiled by an individual from multiple sources, but this is speculative at best.
Provenance:
John Hiller, an employee in the Smithsonian's Office of Exhibits Central, donated the collection to the Archives of American Gardens in 2005. The collection had been on deposit in the Archives for a few years prior to it being formally donated.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Flower arrangement  Search this
Gardens -- Europe  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, John Hiller lantern slide collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HIL
See more items in:
John Hiller lantern slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-hil
Online Media:

Frederic H. Leubuscher slide collection

Landscape architect:
Leubuscher, Frederic  Search this
Photographer:
Costain, Harold Haliday  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (106 slides, 35mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1930-1940
Summary:
The Frederic H. Leubuscher Collection contains 106 duplicate 35mm slides documenting examples of Leubuscher's landscape architecture design work in New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island and other locations.
Biographical/Historical note:
Landscape architect Frederic H. Leubuscher (1906-1995) studied civil and mechanical engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institution, but his interest in landscape design arose after he created an artificial pool and stream on his father's estate in Essex Fells, NJ. Leubuscher became well-known throughout New England, thanks to his many award-winning exhibits at the International Flower Show and his 6 gold medals from the American Rock Garden Society and the Garden Club of America. He retired from the practice of landscape design in 1945 and went on to design drafting tools for Keuffel and Esser Co.
Provenance:
Donated to the Smithsonian Institution's Horticulture Services Division by Leubuscher's daughter in 2000.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- New York  Search this
Gardens -- New Jersey  Search this
Gardens -- Rhode Island  Search this
Gardens -- North Carolina  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Frederick H. Leubuscher Slide Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.LBR
See more items in:
Frederic H. Leubuscher slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-lbr
Online Media:

American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company architectural drawings collection

Creator:
American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Co.  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (306 architectural plans and drawings.)
The majority of plans are on tracing paper, though there are also some reprographic prints and drawings on tracing cloth.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Plans (drawings)
Date:
1923-1964
Summary:
The American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Corporation Collection includes 306 architectural plans and drawings of greenhouses, solariums, conservatories, garages, and other structures designed by American-Moninger for clients throughout the United States dating from 1923 to 1964.
Scope and Content note:
The American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Corporation Collection includes 306 architectural plans and drawings of greenhouses, solariums, conservatories, garages, and other structures designed by American-Moninger for clients throughout the United States dating from 1923 to 1964. Many of the plans were generated for private clients, though there are several greenhouses for nurseries and florists and some for universities, parks, and public entities like the Merck Company in Rahway, New Jersey and the Veterans Administration Center in Biloxi, Mississippi. The majority of the plans were made for clients located on the East Coast of the United States; there are also projects in California, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, West Virginia, Mississippi, New Mexico and Texas. Most of the jobs in the collection include just a single plan, though it is apparent from the firm's plan numbering system that some jobs could be quite extensive with numerous plans generated. Most of the plans and drawings bear a title block by American-Moninger with the client name, city, and date. The majority of plans are on tracing paper, though there are also some reprographic prints and drawings on tracing cloth. Few plans indicate the actual street address of the project. Most of the drawings indicate sections and elevations, though there are some plan views and a small number of perspective drawings showing a completed structure. None of the plans indicate whether the structure was built or not.
Arrangement note:
Each property represented in the American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Corporation Collection has been assigned a unique AAG Garden Number based on its geographic location.
Biographical/Historical note:
The American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Corporation Collection designed and manufactured greenhouses, conservatories, solariums and other structures for clients throughout the United States. The John C. Moninger Co. of Chicago, which formed around 1870, merged with the American Greenhouse Manufacturing Co. sometime between 1928 and 1931 to form the American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company. The company was located at 1820 Flushing Avenue in Brooklyn, New York with sales offices in Chicago, Illinois; Cleveland, Ohio; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; and Amityville, New York. The firm apparently had field representatives in various locations; E.T. Orcutt is listed as 'Representative, East Orange, New Jersey' in the American-Moninger title block of one plan. The firm sometimes listed the initials of the designer or draftsman in the title block. Architectural firms that American-Moninger collaborated with are sometimes indicated on the title block of the plans.
Related Archival Materials note:
The University of Delaware Library's Special Collections Department holds additional plans generated by the American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company.
Restrictions:
Access to original plans by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Greenhouses  Search this
Conservatories  Search this
Sunspaces  Search this
Garages  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company Architectural Drawings Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MON
See more items in:
American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company architectural drawings collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mon

Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)

Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (1,200 slides, 35mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1900-1970
bulk 1910-1940
Summary:
The Richard Marchand Historical Postcard Collection contains approximately 1,200 35mm slide reproductions of postcard images depicting early twentieth century architectural and garden views of over 600 private estates throughout the United States. The collection includes views of estates owned by popular movie stars of the 1920s and 1930s, including Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Claudette Colbert and Buster Keaton.
Scope and Contents:
The Richard Marchand Historical Postcard Collection contains approximately 1,200 35mm slide reproductions of postcard images depicting early twentieth century architectural and garden views of over 600 private estates throughout the United States. The collection includes views of estates owned by popular movie stars of the 1920s and 1930s, including Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Claudette Colbert and Buster Keaton.

A number of estates represented in the collection have been destroyed or subdivided over the years. Most of the postcard views indicate the name and location of a particular property, though few include specific captions or are dated. A small number of the views are black and white; the majority were made using various color lithographic properties. The collection does not include copies of the back of the postcards where messages and addresses would have been written.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Postcards  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mar

Lewis & Valentine company records

Creator:
Lewis & Valentine Company  Search this
Donor:
Lewis, Hewlett Withington  Search this
Names:
Lewis & Valentine Company  Search this
Lewis & Valentine Nurseries, Inc.  Search this
Longwood Gardens (Kennett Square, Pa.)  Search this
Rodin Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Lewis, Harold Carman  Search this
Owner:
Auchincloss, Hugh D.  Search this
Kahn, Otto Hermann, 1867-1934  Search this
Schwab, Charles M., 1862-1939  Search this
Stotesbury, Edward T.  Search this
Woolworth, F. W.  Search this
du Pont, Eugene  Search this
du Pont, Pierre S.  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (documents, 366 photographs, 1 videotape.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Brochures
Books
Lists
Correspondence
Trade catalogs
Photographs
Place:
New York (State) -- Greenvale
New York (State) -- Roslyn
Date:
1916-1971
Summary:
The Lewis & Valentine Company Collection contains records of the Lewis & Valentine Company dating from 1916 to 1971 including photographs, negatives, brochures, books, trade catalogs, company papers, letters from clients, customer lists and a history of the company written by Harold Carman Lewis. Photographs document the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia, estates in Long Island, New York, and the properties of Hugh D. Auchincloss, Eugene du Pont, Walter P. Chrysler, Otto H. Kahn, F. W. Woolworth, Pierre S. du Pont (Longwood Gardens), Charles M. Schwab and Edward T. Stotesbury. This collection contains only a sampling of the records of Lewis & Valentine and should not be considered comprehensive.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into 3 series:

Series 1: Documents Series 2: Photographs Series 3: Videotape
Biographical/Historical note:
Specializing in moving and replanting large trees, Lewis & Valentine was one of the most prominent landscape contracting companies in the eastern United States during the first half of the twentieth century. The Lewis & Valentine Company was formed by five brothers whose father had hoped that his sons would grow up to be lawyers. Instead, the Lewis brothers formed a landscape design, installation and nursery firm that specialized in developing "successful methods for transplanting full-grown trees." Their success was based on "doing well the task which is usually considered impossible."

The company was the inspiration of H.C. Lewis, the oldest of seven brothers, who believed that estate owners should have the luxury of immediate landscapes, rather than waiting decades for their landscapes to mature. The Lewis brothers started their business in the early 1900s. Shortly afterwards, a Mr. Valentine, roommate of Albert Addison Lewis at the Amherst Landscape School in Massachusetts, invested in the business. After three years Mr. Valentine moved on and the Lewis brothers bought back his interest, but continued to keep Valentine part of the company's name.

Lewis & Valentine was the largest firm in America devoted to transplainting mature trees in the years leading up to the Great Depression. It claimed to be "the most experienced and most versatile, backed by an intimate knowledge of horticulture and the development of fine estates." The company was noted as a leader in providing complete landscape services, from selling and guaranteeing the plants, to designing and installation, requiring that its staff be men "of good character and not afraid of hard work." This was evident in the firm's principle of no limitations to the size of trees that they were willing to deliver. The trees were often full-grown and ranged in age from twenty to a hundred years old. Many were so large that 20 or more tons of earth had to be moved during the relocation process.

During its first 25 years in business, Lewis & Valentine opened nineteen offices east of the Mississippi serving such notable clients as Charles A. Schwab and Pierre du Pont at his estate, Longwood. The business was set up as an organization of independent companies. Each was incorporated under the laws of the state in which it operated. The offices were located in Connecticut (Darien), Florida (Palm Beach), Illinois (Chicago), Maryland (Baltimore), Massachusetts (Boston and Hanover), Michigan (Detroit), Pennsylvania (Ardmore and Pittsburg), New Jersey (Ashbury Park and Morristown), New York (Buffalo, Roslyn-Long Island, Rye, Valley Stream-Long Island, New York City), North Carolina (Winston-Salem) and Ohio (Cleveland and Cincinnati). Although no longer owned by any members of the Lewis family, the company still exists and operates in Long Island under the name Lewis & Valentine Nurseries.
Provenance:
Gift from Hewlett Withington Lewis, former owner of Lewis & Valentine Nurseries.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Nurseries (Horticulture) -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- New York (State)  Search this
Tree moving  Search this
Landscape gardening -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Brochures
Books
Lists
Correspondence
Trade catalogs
Photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Lewis & Valentine Company Records.
Identifier:
AAG.LVC
See more items in:
Lewis & Valentine company records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-lvc
Online Media:

Hollerith Family slide collection

Creator:
Hollerith family  Search this
Hollerith, Herman, 1860-1929  Search this
Garden Club of America  Search this
Georgetown Garden Club  Search this
Photographer:
Hollerith, Lucia Beverly, 1891-1982  Search this
Hollerith, Nannie Talcott, 1898-1985  Search this
Hollerith, Virginia  Search this
Names:
Georgetown Garden Club  Search this
Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet (approximately 2,500 35mm slides, 35mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1952-1980
Summary:
The Hollerith Family Collection includes approximately 2,200 35mm slides dating from 1952 to 1980 that document the horticultural interests and travels of sisters Virginia and Nan Hollerith, members of the Georgetown Garden Club in Washington, D.C. The images primarily show private and public gardens, plantations, and historic sites in the mid-Atlantic and the southeast regions of the United States. Included in the collection are slides documenting the activities of the Georgetown Garden Club and various floral arrangements.
Arrangement Note:
The Holleriths used a self-designed numbering system to organize their 35mm slides. They captioned most slides with the name of the garden or site shown in the slide.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lucia, Nannie (Nan) and Virginia Hollerith were the daughters of inventor Herman Hollerith and his wife Lucia Beverly Talcott Hollerith. Other Hollerith children include Herman Hollerith, Jr. (1892-1982), Charles Hollerith (1893-1972), and Richard Hollerith (1900-1967).

Herman Hollerith's invention of the punch card tabulating machine, which played an integral role in the creation of the modern information processing industry, was implemented in the 1890 census to summarize census data. His business, the Tabulating Machine Company, would ultimately become International Business Machines (IBM). Upon selling his business in 1911, Herman Hollerith purchased a Georgetown residence known as Mackall Square, and added to the property a second home, which was known as the Hollerith House. The three Hollerith sisters spent the bulk of their lives in residence at this Georgetown home and at the family's Mathews County, Virginia property, known as Brighton, or Mobjack Farm.

Lucia Beverly Hollerith, the eldest of the six Hollerith children, was born in 1891. A visual artist, she studied at the Corcoran School of Art and taught floral arrangement at the National Cathedral School for Girls. Born in 1898, Nannie Talcott Hollerith, commonly addressed as Nan, appears to have been particularly engaged in the maintenance of the Hollerith family estate. Virginia Hollerith was born in 1902. The youngest of the Hollerith children, she published a biographical piece about her father in the Spring 1971 issue of Isis by the History of Science Society.

Mrs. Lucia Hollerith, mother of the Hollerith children, co-founded the Georgetown Garden Club in 1924. The three sisters were active members throughout their lives, as well as active members of Christ Church in Georgetown, where they regularly contributed floral arrangements for the altar. These and other floral arrangements are documented in the collection, as are the Hollerith sisters' activities with the Georgetown Garden Club.
Related Archival Materials note:
Related materials may be found in the Hollerith Family Papers at the Washington D.C. Historical Society's Kiplinger Research Library and Collections, the Papers of the Hollerith Family at the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond, the Barnard-Talcott Hollerith Family Papers in the Special Collections Research Center at The George Washington University, and the Papers of Herman Hollerith in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Hollerith Family Slide Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HOL
See more items in:
Hollerith Family slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-hol
Online Media:

Mabel Cabot Sedgwick Glass Negative collection

Photographer:
Lee, James S.  Search this
Gardner, John L.  Search this
Manning, J. W.  Search this
Creator:
Sedgwick, Mabel Cabot  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Cubic feet (120 glass plate negatives.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Date:
circa 1900-1907
Summary:
The Mabel Cabot Sedgwick Collection consists of approximately 120 glass negatives of images used in Sedgwick's book, The Garden Month by Month, published by the F.A. Stokes Company in New York, 1907. The book, which describes the appearance, color, cultivation and blooming dates for various plants, contains half-tone engravings taken from these photographs of growing plants.
Biographical/Historical note:
Mabel Cabot Sedgwick (1873-1937) was an accomplished gardener and horticulturist who designed the gardens at Long Hill, the 114-acre estate in Beverly, Massachusetts she shared with her husband, Atlantic Monthly editor and publisher Ellery Sedgwick.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives of American Gardens by Mrs. John E. Lockwood in 1996.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain images may not be available for research use or duplication due to a conservation issue affecting the glass plate negatives (the glass plates, housed inside historic paper enclosures, were exposed to water at some point and portions of the enclosures have adheredare stuck to the surface of the plates). Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Plants  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Mabel Cabot Sedgwick Glass Negative Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SDG
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-sdg

Mary Riley Smith Records

Extent:
6.75 Cubic feet (design records; plans and drawings)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1986-2013
bulk 1995-2005
Summary:
The Mary Riley Smith Records document the decades-long career of Manhattan-based garden designer, writer, and lecturer Mary Riley Smith. It includes drawings, plans, planting lists, notes, correspondence, invoices, estimates, 35 mm slides, negatives, photographs, digital files on CDs, and other materials relating to many of Smith's garden design projects, dating from 1986-2013.
Scope and Contents Note:
The Mary Riley Smith Records document the decades-long career of Manhattan-based garden designer, writer, and lecturer Mary Riley Smith. It includes drawings, plans, planting lists, notes, correspondence, invoices, estimates, 35 mm slides, negatives, photographs, digital files on CDs, and other materials relating to many of Smith's garden design projects, dating from 1986-2013. The bulk of Smith's projects were private, residential gardens of all sizes in urban, suburban, and rural areas in Manhattan, Long Island, and Connecticut. One such project included in the collection is Smith's own garden that she designed for her home on Long Island, New York. Other projects Smith worked on include gardens for apartment buildings, libraries, colleges, religious institutions, and social clubs. Her public commissions include the Battery Park entrance gardens, Lincoln Square Business Improvement District, Rockefeller Center, and Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, all in Manhattan. A significant portion of the materials are textual in nature; the remainder are drawings and plans, many of which are oversized.

The client files document design decisions made between Smith and her clients. The collection records the collaborative work between Smith, landscape architects, contractors, and other individuals who helped build the gardens. These materials detail the process of planning the garden, outlining the work to be done, establishing a budget, providing estimates, and setting a schedule to complete the work. While the bulk of the materials relate to Smith's design projects, the collection also contains materials from her professional practice. These include clipping files, 35mm slides, photographs, drawings, plans, and notes from lectures and presentations given by Smith. Also included are two copies of Smith's book that was published in 1991, The Front Garden: New Approaches to Landscape Design.
Arrangement Note:
The collection is organized in series according to the type of garden as designated by Mary Riley Smith: Series 1: Urban Residential Series 2: Suburban/Rural Residential Series 3: Apartment Buildings Series 4: Clubs and Non-Profits Series 5: Business Improvement Districts Series 6: Corporations Within each garden type, the files are arranged geographically by state and city.
Biographical Note:
Garden designer Mary Riley Smith grew up in a family of gardeners and developed an affinity for gardens at an early age. After studying horticulture and garden design at the New York Botanical Garden she began her own landscape design firm, Mary Riley Smith Garden Design Inc., in the early 1990s. During her professional career Smith designed and implemented several types of gardens, though the majority were private and residential. Her projects are located in Manhattan, the greater New York area, Long Island, and Connecticut. The private gardens are found in a variety of settings including urban, suburban, and rural. In addition to private gardens, Smith designed and coordinated the installation of sidewalk, terrace, and courtyard gardens for a number of co-op buildings in Manhattan. Smith designed a number of public gardens and spaces including planting beds at the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum in Manhattan where she undertook design work and supervised installation for twenty years. She also worked in Manhattan on other public, corporate, college, religious institution, and social club gardens. Smith collaborated with landscape architects Donna Gutkin and Alessandra Galletti on some of her garden designs. She worked with numerous contractors and other individuals to complete her projects. Throughout her decades-long career, she designed and completed more than 80 projects.

In addition to her work as a landscape designer, Smith has also written and lectured on the subject. Her book, The Front Garden: New Approaches to Landscape Design, was published in 1991. She has written articles for various periodicals including Garden Design, Countryside, BBG Garden Record, and Long Island Monthly. Smith has taught and lectured on the subject of garden design to various gardening and horticultural groups at the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum and New York Botanical Garden. Smith's garden designs, including her own, have been featured in Traditional Home, Better Homes and Gardens, House Beautiful, The New Yorker, and Garden Design.
Provenance:
Mary Riley Smith donated her collection of garden design records to the Archives of American Gardens in 2014.
Restrictions:
Access to original materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Mary Riley Smith Records
Identifier:
AAG.MRS
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mrs

Starr Ockenga collection

Extent:
5.5 Cubic feet (photographic images; files)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1995-2001
Summary:
The Starr Ockenga Collection includes materials generated or compiled by Ockenga for the writing of her books, 'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden' (1998, Clarkson Potter) and 'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions" (2001, Clarkson Potter).' Both books feature several individual chapters, each describing a garden owner and their garden.
Scope and Contents Note:
The Starr Ockenga Collection includes photographic images, notes, correspondence, questionnaires, garden plans, planting lists, releases and drafts generated or compiled by Ockenga for the writing and illustrating of her books, 'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden' (1998, Clarkson Potter) and 'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions' (2001, Clarkson Potter). Both books consist of several individual chapters, each describing a garden owner and their garden and featuring a portrait of the garden owner in their garden. The 40 gardens included in the collection are located across the United States. In addition to the hundreds of images published in 'Eden' and 'Earth,' the Ockenga Collection includes thousands of additional images that, together with the research notes and garden descriptions in the books, provide a rich source of documentation. A number of the images show panoramic garden views.
Arrangement Note:
The collection was organized into two major components by Starr Ockenga, representing materials generated for two books she authored and illustrated, 'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden' and 'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions.' Within each of the two divisions, the garden files and book chapters, garden images, and garden owner portraits are arranged according to specific garden.
Biographical Note:
Starr Ockenga is a writer, photographer, and lecturer. Her photographs have been exhibited in museums and galleries and are included in both public and private collections. Her images and writings have appeared in numerous publications including Life, Esquire, Camera, and Horticulture. She is the author of several books including 'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden,' 'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions,' and 'Amaryllis.' Earth on Her Hands received the American Horticultural Society's Annual Book Award in 1999. Ockenga received her Master's degree in photography from the Rhode Island School of Design and has been awarded fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts and the Massachusetts Artists Foundation. She is a former associate professor of photography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her studio is located in New York City.
Provenance:
Collection of photographic images and garden files generated by Starr Ockenga during the course of writing and illustrating her books, 'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden' and 'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions,' donated by Ockenga to the Archives of American Gardens in 2014.
Restrictions:
Access to original material by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Starr Ockenga Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.OCK
See more items in:
Starr Ockenga collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-ock

Historic Gardens Postcard collection

Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Extent:
200 Postcards (black and white, color ;)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Place:
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
circa 1887-1947
Summary:
The Historic Gardens Postcard Collection includes 200 postcards of historic views of various public gardens, parks, monuments, and buildings throughout the United States and some foreign countries, including Canada, France and Cuba. Some private gardens and estates and many Washington, D.C. attractions are also represented. Roughly half of the postcards were mailed; the remaining postcards were not written on or posted. Areas represented include Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas and Virginia. Foreign views show gardens in Havana, Paris, and Canada. About a dozen cards feature various views of Smithsonian Institution museums along the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
Arrangement note:
This collection is unprocessed.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Cuba  Search this
Gardens -- Canada  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- France  Search this
Historic sites  Search this
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.) -- 1900-1910  Search this
Parks  Search this
Monuments  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Historic gardens postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.PTC
See more items in:
Historic Gardens Postcard collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-ptc

Roche collection

Photographer:
Roche, John P.  Search this
Roche, Mary Alice  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet
28 Transparencies (col. , 4 x 5 in.)
62 Photographic prints (b&w , 8 x 10 in.)
1 Photographic print (col. , 2.5 x 3.5 inches)
3 Transparencies (col. , 120mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transparencies
Photographic prints
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1954-1970
Summary:
The Roche Collection documents some of the work of John and Mary Alice Roche, garden photographers who photographed numerous gardens throughout the United States. Several of the Roches' images appeared in popular gardening magazines and books on flower arranging from the 1950s and 1960s.
Scope and Contents note:
The Roche Collection includes twenty-five private gardens dating from the 1950s and 1960s photographed by John and Mary Alice Roche in California, Maine, Missouri, New York, and New Jersey. The Roches typically indicated the garden owner name, location, plant varieties and special features on the backs of many of the color transparency mounts and black and white photographs. Some images are labeled as to which publication they appeared in. All images are stamped on the back with original licensing information.
Biographical/Historical note:
John and Mary Alice Roche opened a studio for horticultural photography in Caldwell, New Jersey, in 1945. Together they photographed gardens and flower arrangements for numerous publications including House Beautiful, House and Garden, Horticulture, Popular Gardening, Flower Grower, Farm Journal, American Home, Family Circle, McCall's, and the Brooklyn Botanic Garden Bulletin as well as for several books. Images by the Roches in newspapers and magazines were credited to 'Roche.'

Both Roches graduated from the Clarence H. White School of Photography in New York City; John Roche later went on to teach there. He was an associate of the Photographic Society of America and a member of the Royal Photographic Society. His work was exhibited in a number of one man shows.

Mary Alice Roche wrote about gardens for a number of magazines and newspapers. She and her husband also lectured on nature photography.

The Roches co-wrote a book, Photographing Your Flowers; a Practical Guide for Indoor and Outdoor Use.

According to the Sensory Awareness Foundation, Mary Alice Roche and Charlotte Selver established the Sensory Awareness Foundation in 1971. Roche was its managing secretary and bulletin editor for many years. She was also a director of The Lifwynn Foundation.
Related Materials:
The Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona, Tucson, includes photographs taken and/or developed by John P. Roche in its Photograph Collection.
Provenance:
Mary Alice Roche donated the collection of images to the Archives of American Gardens in 2003.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Missouri  Search this
Gardens -- Maine  Search this
Gardens -- California  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- New Jersey  Search this
Gardens -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Transparencies
Slides (photographs)
Identifier:
AAG.ROC
See more items in:
Roche collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-roc
Online Media:

Lois W. Poinier slide collection

Landscape architect:
Wodell, Helen Page  Search this
Cottrell, Lois Page  Search this
Poinier, Lois W.  Search this
Extent:
154 lantern slides
1 Album
2,243 color slides
2.25 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Albums
Color slides
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-1999
Summary:
The Lois W. Poinier Collection documents the work of Lois W. Poinier, a self-taught garden designer who designed scores of gardens, most of them in New Jersey.
Scope and Contents note:
The Lois W. Poinier Collection contains 1,089 35mm slides documenting before-and-after images of almost 100 gardens designed by garden designer and Garden Club of America member Lois W. Poinier of New Jersey. Most gardens are located in New Jersey, but there are some in California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. The collection includes some gardens designed by Poinier's mother, Helen Page Wodell, and aunt, Lois Page Cottrell, who practiced under the firm name of Wodell & Cottrell. The collection is particularly helpful as it shows the evolution of gardens under construction and in their 'finished' state.

The collection also includes an album of images documenting gardens owned by Lois W. Poinier and her mother, Helen Page Wodell in New Jersey and Connecticut as well as an extensive slide lecture and script compiled by Poinier entitled "Ninety Years in a Garden" that documents the story and evolution of three of those gardens in New Jersey. Another series of glass lantern slides of numerous gardens dating from the 1920s and 1930s was used extensively for garden lecture purposes by both women. Finally, there are images by Lois W. Poinier of numerous private and public gardens throughout the United States and the United Kingdom that she visited.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lois W. Poinier is a self-taught garden designer who began her career in association with her mother, Helen Page Wodell. Wodell, along with her sister, Lois Page Cottrell, had established the garden design firm of Wodell & Cottrell, in Short Hills, New Jersey in 1931. The majority of Lois W. Poinier's design work was in New Jersey. Mrs. Poinier is a member of the Garden Club of America.
Provenance:
Lois W. Poinier donated materials to the Archives of American Gardens in 2003, 2011, 2012, and 2014. The 2003 donation was facilited by Catha Rambusch of Wave Hill in Bronx, NY.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Landscape gardening  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Rhode Island  Search this
Gardens -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Gardens -- New York  Search this
Gardens -- New Jersey  Search this
Gardens -- Massachusetts  Search this
Gardens -- Connecticut  Search this
Gardens -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Lois W. Poinier slide collection.
Identifier:
AAG.PNR
See more items in:
Lois W. Poinier slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-pnr
Online Media:

Smithsonian Gardens Image Library

Extent:
35mm slides, photographic prints, negatives + digital images.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1973-ongoing
Related Materials:
Related materials may be found in the Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Historic Stereograph Collection.
Provenance:
The Smithsonian Gardens (formerly the Office of Horticulture) was established in 1972 to manage the Smithsonian's grounds, greenhouses, and horticultural collections including plants, garden furnishings, and artifacts. The Image Library began as a small in-house reference collection. The images document a wide range of activities including the construction and maintenance of Smithsonian gardens, landscapes, and interior plantscapes on or near The Mall in Washington, DC as well as special horticultural exhibits designed by Smithsonian Gardens.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher
Citation:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.SGI
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-sgi
Online Media:

Historic gardens Stereograph collection

Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Extent:
1.75 Cubic feet
807 Stereographs (black and white, color ;, 3 1/2 x 7 inches.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Place:
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
circa 1870-1910
Summary:
The Historic Gardens Stereograph Collection includes 807 stereographs that depict various public gardens, parks, and tourist attractions throughout the United States, with an emphasis on features related to horticulture and landscape design, including plants, garden furniture, and topiaries. Most, but not all views, show exterior features. A number of stereographs indicate the photography studio on the recto or verso, as well as a series or image number. Many include a brief caption; some include a lengthy description on the verso. Few are dated.
Index terms:
This collection is indexed in the catalog of the Archives of American Gardens under the following terms:

Types of materials

Stereographs

Subjects-topical

buildings

Parks

Monuments

Historic sites

Gardens--United States

Garden ornaments and furniture

Flower arrangement

Floral decorations

Tropical plants

Topiary work

Sculpture

Recreation

Names

Smithsonian Institution

White House (Washington, D. C.)

United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)
Historical Note:
Popular during the latter half of the 19th century, stereographs consist of two similar photographic images affixed to a cardboard mount that produce a three-dimensional image when viewed through a stereoscope.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Recreation  Search this
Monuments  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Tropical plants  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Floral decorations  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Flower arrangement  Search this
Historic sites  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Parks  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Historic Gardens Stereograph Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.STR
See more items in:
Historic gardens Stereograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-str
Online Media:

Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection

Topic:
Landscape architecture
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Donor:
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Extent:
44.5 Cubic feet (4,317 glass negatives. 363 film negatives. 182 glass lantern slides. 12 photograph albums. 56 plans and drawings. 3 monographs. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Blueprints
Albums
Plans (drawings)
Lantern slides
Date:
1899-1964
Summary:
The Thomas Warren Sears Photograph Collection documents examples of the design work of Thomas Warren Sears (1880-1966), a landscape architect and amateur photographer from Brookline, Massachusetts. Sears, who was based for most of his career in Philadelphia, designed a variety of different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments located primarily in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. In addition to some of Sears' design work, images in the collection document Sears' domestic and foreign travels, design inspirations, and family. The collection includes over 4,800 black and white negatives and glass lantern slides dated circa 1899 to 1930. While most images show private and public gardens, there are a significant number of unidentified views and views photographed in Europe during two trips he took there in 1906 and 1908. Few images are captioned or dated. In addition, there are over 50 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and 3 monographs by or about Sears.
Scope and Contents note:
The Thomas Warren Sears Photograph Collection documents examples of the design work of Thomas Warren Sears (1880-1966), a landscape architect and amateur photographer from Brookline, Massachusetts. Sears, who was based for most of his career in Philadelphia, designed a variety of different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments located primarily in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. In addition to some of Sears' design work, images in the collection document Sears' domestic and foreign travels, design inspirations, and family. The collection includes over 4,800 black and white negatives and glass lantern slides dated circa 1899 to 1930. While most images show private and public gardens, there are a significant number of unidentified views and views photographed in Europe during two trips he took there in 1906 and 1908. Few images are captioned or dated. In addition, there are over 50 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and monographs by or about Sears. Several of the glass lantern slides are duplicates of glass plate negatives in the collection. They apparently were chosen by Sears to illustrate some of his best design work, perhaps for lecture or client purposes.

In addition, there are 56 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. They range in date from 1917 to 1937 and from 1955 to 1964. Sears photographed some of his early plans; they are included in with the photographic images. Sears also photographed a handful of design plans by landscape architect Sibley Coslett Smith who practiced in Providence, Rhode Island; Sears and Smith shared the same business address there.

The Thomas Warren Sears Collection does not fully document the extent of Sears' design work. The use of glass plate negatives—which make up the bulk of the Thomas Warren Sears Collection—as a photography medium waned sometime during the first quarter of the twentieth century. As a result, the images in the Sears Collection capture examples of Sears' early to mid-career design work but they do not include jobs designed by Sears during the latter half of his design career.
Arrangement note:
The glass plate negatives were originally housed in numerous cardboard boxes manufactured for the sale of undeveloped glass plate negatives. Sears annotated the outside of the boxes with project or client names and/or locations, but the contents do not always match these labels. In addition, because very few of the glass plate negatives and lantern slides were labeled or captioned, it is not always evident where one job ended and another began if multiple projects were stored in the same carton. As a result, there are many instances in the Sears Collection where images have been inadvertently mislabeled because their identification is not apparent. Misidentified images are subject to correction as their proper identification is discovered. Each project has been assigned its own unique AAG job number based on its geographic origin. Those groups of images that have not been identified as to their location have been assigned a project number starting with 'SRS.' The collection is arranged into 3 series: 1) Photographic images (including glass plate negatives, film negatives, glass lantern slides, and photograph albums) 2) Plans and Drawings 3) Monographs
Biographical/Historical note:
Thomas Warren Sears was born in 1880 in Brookline, Massachusetts. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Harvard University in 1903 and Bachelor of Science degree in landscape architecture from the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard in 1906. Sears was an amateur photographer who won awards for his photography while at Harvard. In 1915 his images were published in the monograph, Parish Churches of England. After graduation he worked for the firm of Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects for two years and then briefly practiced in Providence, Rhode Island. In 1913, Sears established a landscape design office in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he spent the remainder of his professional career. Sears at one point was in a professional partnership; some of his design plans list the firm name of Sears and Wendell. He was made a Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects in 1921.

Sears designed many different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments. His designs were primarily located in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. Just a few of his private landscapes include Marengo in Easton, Maryland; Sunnybrook, the Isaac H. Clothier, Jr. estate in Radnor, Pennsylvania; and Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland. In 1915, Sears started work on Reynolda, a country estate in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. He generated design plans for the property intermittently over the next two decades. Reynolda's formal gardens, greenhouses, and acres of fields and woodlands subsequently became part of Wake Forest University.

During World War I, Sears designed Army camps in Battle Creek, Michigan and Spartanburg, South Carolina. He also helped lay out Langley Field, at that time an experimental aviation field in Hampton Roads, Virginia. In the 1940s, Sears designed the amphitheater at Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania for concerts, outdoor performances, and other special events. During that decade he also worked on Colonial Revival gardens at Pennsbury, William Penn's country estate in Bucks County, Pennsylvania located by the Delaware River. Sears retired in 1964 and died in 1966.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Philadelphia Architects and Buildings Project (PAB), administered by The Athenaeum of Philadelphia, includes references to design projects by Sears.

Harvard University's Loeb Library includes a number of images by Sears, some of them documenting gardens that he designed.

Harvard University's Fine Arts Library, Special Collections includes a collection of photographs and negatives of English parish churches by Sears, c. 1908. Some of the images were published in the monograph, Parish Churches of England.

The Reynolda House Museum of American Art in Winston-Salem, North Carolina includes plans by Sears of Reynolda in its Estate Archives.
Provenance:
Gift of Eleanor Sears Tibbetts, Sears' daughter, to the Horticulture Services Division (later Smithsonian Gardens) in 1992.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Landscape architects  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Switzerland  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Germany  Search this
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Blueprints
Albums
Plans (drawings)
Lantern slides
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SRS
See more items in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-srs
Online Media:

The Gertrude Farrington diaries

Creator:
Farrington, Gertrude  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (3 diaries)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
1977-1992
Content Description:
This collection contains three 5-year diaries kept by Ridgefield Garden Club member Gertrude Farrington from 1978 to 1992.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut  Search this
Women gardeners  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Identifier:
AAG.GCA.FAR
See more items in:
The Gertrude Farrington diaries
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca-far
Online Media:

Isabelle C. Greene Collection

Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
Dates
1975-1995
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Citation:
Isabelle C. Greene Collection, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.GRE
See more items in:
Isabelle C. Greene Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gre
Online Media:

Ridgefield Garden Club lantern slides

Extent:
0.4 Cubic feet (128 lantern slides)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1929-1992
Content Description:
This series contains 128 glass lantern slides of images photographed by Louise Newton, a founding member of the Ridgefield Garden Club, on a Garden Club of America visit to England in June 1929. It is very likely that Louise Newton was part of Group A on the trip.
Related Materials:
There are at least 17 duplicate lantern slides in the The Garden Club of America Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA.RGC
See more items in:
Ridgefield Garden Club lantern slides
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca-rgc
Online Media:

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