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Fannie Lou Hamer: Songs My Mother Taught Me

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Container:
Box 90, Reel 3
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
1980-01-21
Scope and Contents:
Fannie Lou Hamer, a sharecropper, determined voter registrant, and field worker for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). She was an orator, political activist, and founder of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. In addition to these contributions, she is noted for her speeches and singing, which influenced many during the Civil Rights Movement. Her strong religious background was often expressed through a sacred hymn before each of her speeches. She opened many gatherings with "This Little Light of Mine," one of her favorite songs.

Linda Reed. "Fannie Lou Hamer" in Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, volume A-L. New York: Carlson Publishing Incorporated, 1993.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref1619

Black American Gospel Music Series, The Echo Singers, audio cassette, RTC 408.4.1

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Container:
Box 113, Cassette 9-11
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
1979-12-16
Scope and Contents:
Concert, December 16, 1979

Introductory remarks by Bernice Johnson Reagon

Introduction of members of the Echo Singers

Opening prayer Echo Singers sing the following hymns:

"We Have Come This Far By Faith"

"Seal Up Your Book John and Don't Write No More"

"Nobody Knows"

"Born Again"

"Tell Heaven"

"View That Holy City"

"Let Us Walk Together Children"

"Down on My Knees When Trouble Arrives"

"Have Mercy Upon Me"

"Cool Down Yonder On the Banks of Jordan"

"Taking Jesus Along With Me"

"What A Fellowship"

"Set Down Servant"

"I Wandered From My Home"

"Steal Away"

"He Said He Would Make My Enemies Leave"

"Me Alone"

"This Is the Way I Do When Trouble Gets My Way"

"Somebody Gone," closing prayer
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref1720

Black American Gospel Music Series, The Echo Singers, audio cassette, OTC 408.4.1

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Container:
Box 113, Cassette 8
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
1979-12-16
Scope and Contents:
Concert, December 16, 1979

Introductory remarks by Bernice Johnson Reagon

Introduction of members of the Echo Singers

Opening prayer Echo Singers sing the following hymns:

"We Have Come This Far By Faith"

"Seal Up Your Book John and Don't Write No More"

"Nobody Knows"

"Born Again"

"Tell Heaven"

"View That Holy City"

"Let Us Walk Together Children"

"Down on My Knees When Trouble Arrives"

"Have Mercy Upon Me"

"Cool Down Yonder On the Banks of Jordan"

"Taking Jesus Along With Me"

"What A Fellowship"

"Set Down Servant"

"I Wandered From My Home" "Steal Away"

"He Said He Would Make My Enemies Leave"

"Me Alone"

"This Is the Way I Do When Trouble Gets My Way"

"Somebody Gone," closing prayer
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref177

Voices of the Civil Rights Movement, conference tape number 5, OVU 408.5.5

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (U-matic)
Container:
Box 201, Video 2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Videocassettes (u-matic)
Date:
1980-01-30
Scope and Contents:
Wednesday, January 30, 1980, Songleaders' Workshop. Session II: "Introductions Through Song II"

Betty Mae Fikes, Selma Movement; Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Freedom Singers. Sings "Yes God Is Real (I Can Feel It Down In My Soul)."

Matthew Jones, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); Tennessee; Danville, Virgina; Freedom Singers. Sings "Oginga Odinga" and gives background of the song. Sings "I'm a Long Ways From Home." Jamila (Mary Ethel Jones), Montgomery Bus Boycott, Montgomery Trio. Sings "Murder on the Road In Alabama."

Emory Harris, Albany Movement; Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); Freedom Singers. Sings "The Lucky 01' Sun."

Marshall Jones, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); Tennessee; Freedom Singers. Sings a medley including "In My Life I Loved Them All," "Oh, Freedom," "In the Mississippi River," and "Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Round."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref3066

Voices of the Civil Rights Movement, conference tape number 6, OVU 408.5.6

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (U-matic)
Container:
Box 201, Video 3
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Videocassettes (u-matic)
Date:
1980-01-30
Scope and Contents:
Wednesday, January 30, 1980, Songleaders' Workshop. Session II: "Introductions Through Song II"

"Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Round"

James Peacock, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Mississippi; Freedom Singers II; Freedom Voices. Sings "Get On Board, Little Children."

Dorothy Cotton, Petersburg, Virgina Movement, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) Voter Education Training Center. Sings "Strange Fruit" and "Come By Here."

Jimmy Collier, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Alabama; Chicago, Illinois; Poor People's March. Sings "Hands Off Encrouma," and "I'm On My Way (To the Freedom Land)."

James Orange, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); Alabama; Chicago, Illinios; Poor People's Campaign; Jimmy Collier and The Movement Singers. Sings "Oh, Wallace" with Jimmy Collier.

Reverend Frederick Douglas Kirkpatrick, Louisiana Deacons for Defense, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC),; Poor People's Campaign. Sings "Great Change (Since I Been Born)."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref3067

Voices of the Civil Rights Movement, conference tape number 7, OVU 408.5.7

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (U-matic)
Container:
Box 201, Video 4
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Videocassettes (u-matic)
Date:
1980-01-30
Scope and Contents:
Wednesday, January 30, 1980. Songleaders' Workshop. Session II: "Introductions Through Song II"

Reverend Kirkpatrick sings "Great Change (Since I Been Born)," "Frank Wills (Why Did You Run?)" or "The Ballad of Frank Wills," and "No Cross, No Crown."

Guy Carawan introduces Charles Freeney, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); Georgia; South Carolina.

Charles Freeney sings "One More Time (I'm Glad To Be In That Number)."

Bob Zellner, Huntington College, Alabama; Highlander Center. Sings "Momma's Hungry Eyes" by Merle Haggard. Remarks by Bernice Johnson Reagon, introduces Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Alexander Blair Jr.) and Franklin McCain as evening speakers.

Bernice Johnson Reagon leads "We'll Never Turn Back."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref3068

Voices of the Civil Rights Movement, conference tape number 8, OVU 408.5.8

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (U-matic)
Container:
Box 202, Video 1
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Videocassettes (u-matic)
Date:
1980-01-30
Scope and Contents:
Wednesday, January 30, 1980, Songleaders' Workshop. Session III: "Sit-ins, Marches, Jails, Mass Meetings" (no sound for the first three minutes).

Cordell Reagon opens session with "You'd Better Leave Segregation Alone." Discusses sharing to create a space for expression and the acknowledgement and documentation of those in the Movement. Introduces Franklin McCain - one of the first people to sit-in at the Greensboro, North Carolina Woolworth's.

Franklin McCain briefly speaks and then excuses himself to give a television interview with local station Channel 7 News.

Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Alexander Blair Jr.) gives background on how the Movement came about including the role of Black Colleges. Discusses the planning of the Woolworth's sit-in on February 1, 1960. Speaks of Ralph Johns, Joseph McNeil, and A&T College in Greensboro, South Carolina. Sings "The Love of God."

Sam Block, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); Mississippi. Sings "Guide My Feet While I Run This Race."

Willie and James Peacock, Hollis Watkins, Evester Simpson Morris, Guy Carawan, and Reverend James Bevel called to stage to perform a song led by Sam Block. Group sings "Freedom Train A Coming."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref3069

Black American Gospel Music Series, The Dixie Hummingbirds

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1979 October 14
Scope and Contents:
The Black Gospel Music Series celebrated the 1978 golden anniversary of the Dixie Hummingbirds in the Baird Auditorium, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, on October 14, 1979. The members included Beechy Thompson, baritone; Howard Carroll, guitar; Tucker; Davis; and co-lead singer James Walker. The group's move from South Carolina to Pennsylvania in 1942 symbolized their transition to the popular jubilee quartet style. The style of the Hummingbirds was more emotionally charged with controlled vocal technique, such as variation in dynamic level and attention to phrasing. Their soothing quality is heard in their well-known song, "It's Cool Down Yonder By Chilly Jordan." The concert was presented as part of the Black Gospel Music Series by the Division of Performing Arts. The Black Gospel Music Series and the Hummingbirds' program were organized by Bernice Johnson Reagon. Program number AC408.3.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref990

Black American Gospel Music Series, The Echo Singers

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1979 December 16
Scope and Contents:
The concert of the Echo Singers documented in the Program in African American Culture Collection celebrates and highlights the rich heritage of Black American community-based gospel music. Originally formed in 1945, the Echo Singers of Demopolis, Alabama, evolved a unique singing style that featured powerful, unaccompanied female voices creating harmonies rarely heard in modern gospel style. The repertoire heard in this program is built on forty years of gospel song evolution and is set in the gospel quartet arrangements of the late 1940s. The Echo Singers heard in this performance were re-organized in 1964 as a singing club by Sister Susie Ann Ingraham. At the time of this concert, they performed throughout Alabama and Mississippi in churches and for other clubs' anniversary dinners. The Echo Singers performers documented here are: Sister Susie Anne Ingraham (manager, arranger, tenor, swing lead); Sister Annie Lee Harris (alto, multa-bass); Sister Lottie Williams (bass); Sister Mattie Wilson (first lead); and Sister Lueticisha Smith, (third lead). Program number AC408.4.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref991

Program in African American Culture Collection

Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Extent:
100 Cubic feet (309 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Photographs
Date:
1850-2004, undated
Summary:
The collection primarily documents the activities of the National Museum of American History's Program in African American Culture (PAAC) dating from 1979 through 2004. The Program in African American Culture (PAAC) created public programs documenting the black experience in the United States, as well as, other countries. Archival materials include photographs, programs, administrative files, magnetic tape, audiocassettes, U-matic and VHS video cassettes.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of administrative files, audio, video, and photographic documentation of the programs presented by the Program in African American Culture (PAAC) from 1979 through 2004. There is a substantial amount of material documenting research conducted by the Program in African American Culture (PAAC) for its programming. In addition, administrative paperwork relating to the day-to-day activities of the Program in African American Culture (PAAC) are also included in the materials.

The collection is divided into four series. Series one consists of the material created for each program and is arranged in chronological order. Series two contains background materials and publications relating to subjects of program interest and is arranged in alphabetical order. Series three includes correspondence, contracts, resumes of presenters and performers and other forms of administrative files. Series four are materials relating to Smithsonian Institution or outside programs and performances.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1, Programs Files, 1979-2004, undated

Series 2, Research Files, 1850-1995, undated

Series 3, Administrative Files, 1850-1995, undated

Series 4, Interviews, Speaking Engagements and Performances, 1964-2000, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The Program in African American Culture (PAAC) is a Smithsonian Institution research and programming office located in the National Museum of American History that was created as an outgrowth of the African Diaspora component of the 1975 and 1976 Festival of American Folklife. Founding director, Bernice Johnson Reagon, developed the Program in Black Culture, as the PAAC was originally, as a center for researching and presenting topics of interest to the study of African American history and culture. Reagon is a song leader, composer, scholar, and social activist, who was a founding member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Freedom Singers in the Albany Movement in Georgia. The Program, which was transferred to the National Museum of American History in 1983, provided, and continues to provide, a forum for the presentation of traditional and historical forms of African American cultural expression. To accomplish this, Program in African American Culture (PAAC) staff conducted thorough research, which resulted in public programs including conferences, concerts, colloquia, and seminars on a wide range of topics.
Related Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Duke Ellington Collection (NMAH.AC.0301)

Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (NMAH.AC.0415)

Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection (NMAH.AC.0456)

Wade in the Water Radio Series Collection (NMAH.AC.0516)

Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection (NMAH.AC.0556)

Bernice Reagon Johnson Collection of African American Sacred Music (NMAH.AC0653)

Edward and Gaye Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (NMAH.AC.0704)

Smithsonian Institution

Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections

Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, June 25-July 6, 1997 (CFCH.SFF.1997)

Smithsonian Institution Archivesemph>

Oral History Interview with Bernice Reagon Johnson, 1986 (Accession 009612)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1982-2002 (Accession 05-116)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1983-2004 (Accession 06-002)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1972-1999 (Accession 08-107)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1975-2000 (Accession 12-102)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1976-1999 (Accession 12-358)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1980-1992, 1961 (Accession 96-147)

Duke Ellington Collection Records, circa 1985-1993 (Accession 98-129)

National Museum of American History, Program in Black American Culture, circa 1976-1987 (Accession 98-136)
Provenance:
Collection created by the Program in African Amerian Culture at the Smithsonian Institution from 1979-1986.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
African American history  Search this
African American religion  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
African Americans -- Music  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Photographs -- 1980-2000
Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0408
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0408
Online Media:

Of Songs, Peace and Struggle Series, Martin Luther King Commemoration

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Container:
Box 13, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1984 January 14
Scope and Contents:
Annual Martin Luther King, Jr. commemoration included a song workshop by the singing group "In Process…" held on January 14, 1984, at the Carmichael Auditorium, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. The program was created to remember the freedom songs of the Civil Rights Movement that represented the quest for freedom and equality in America. The Civil Rights Movement presented an opportunity for equality on all fronts for Blacks in America. Between the years of 1955 and 1965, the civil rights movement shook American society with civil unrest, and through social and political protest. The Movement (forced) this change through freedom songs. These songs such as "We Shall Not Be Moved," "We Shall Overcome," and "Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Round" empowered the Movement by creating a bond between communities. These freedom songs galvanized the community and gave people new courage, and a new sense of unity. These songs are rooted in the traditional Black American churches. The program was organized by Bernice Johnson Reagon and/or Niani Kilkenny. Program number AC408.22.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref1142

Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals poster collection

Curator of an exhibition:
Farris, Pheobe, 1952-  Search this
Farris, Pheobe, 1952-  Search this
Donor:
United States. Department of State  Search this
Artist:
Agard, Nadema  Search this
Akers, Norman  Search this
Feddersen, Joe, 1958-  Search this
Heap of Birds, Edgar  Search this
Little Turtle, Carm  Search this
Longfish, George C.  Search this
Powhatan, Rose  Search this
Slick, Duane  Search this
Smith, Jaune Quick-to-See, 1940-  Search this
Tremblay, Gail  Search this
WalkingStick, Kay  Search this
Extent:
26 Posters
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Posters
Date:
2005
Scope and Contents:
This poster collection contains the 26 posters that made up the U.S. Department of State's traveling exhibition Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals. The posters feature the work of 12 Native American artists and includes samples of the artists works and seperate posters for the artist's statements. The following Native artists were included in this exhibition; Nadema Agard (Cherokee/Lakota/Powhatan), Norman Akers (Osage/Pawnee), Phoebe Farris (Powhatan-Renape/Pamunkey), Joe Feddersen (Colville Confederated Tribes), Edgar Heap of Birds (Cheyenne/Arapaho), Carm Little Turtle (Apache/Tarahumara), George Longfish (Seneca/Tuscarora), Rose Powhatan (Pamunkey), Duane Slick (Meskwaki), Jaune Quick-to-See Smith (Flathead Salish/Confederated Salish and Kootenai Nation), Gail Tremblay (Onandaga/Micmac) and Kay Walking Stick (Cherokee).
Arrangement:
The poster collection is arranged in one folder in the original order of the exhibition.
Biographical / Historical:
Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals is a traveling exhibit curated by Dr. Pheobe Harris for the United States Department of State consisting of 26 posters. The exhibit was developed as an outgrowth of a 2003 College Art Association panel chaired by Harris titled "Native American Artists/Intellectuals: Speaking for Ourselves in the 21st Century." Working together with Evangeline Montgomery (Senior Program Officer of the State Department's Cultural Programs Division) and Ceasar Jackson (Project Designer for the Cultural Programs Division), Harris selected 12 Native American artists whose work would be viewed in U.S. embassies around the world. The exhibit was put together in a poster format with each poster featuring a photo of the individual artist, one example of their work as well as an artist statement.
Provenance:
Gift of the U.S. Department of State and Dr. Pheobe Farris, 2007.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single copies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indian artists -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Citation:
Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals poster collection, 2005. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.065
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-065

The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

Manchester -- Glebelands

Former owner:
Carver, Benjamin Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Prettyman, William Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Powers, William Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Hardy, George Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Hardy, Anton Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Trustee:
Leiter, Joseph  Search this
Remington, Franklin  Search this
Architect:
Olcott, Richard M.  Search this
Provenance:
Bennington Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Glebelands (Manchester, Vermont)
United States of America -- Vermont -- Bennington County -- Manchester
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, narrative description of the garden, and a garden plan.
General:
The term "glebe land," from which this garden takes its name, means land owned by a church, and the owner of this property pays a yearly glebe rent to Zion Episcopal Church. Pockets of glebe land (many of which still exist) throughout the village of Manchester and on nearby Mt. Equinox, when rented out in the 18th and 19th centuries for grazing, provided revenue for the church. A focal point for the property today is a 100-yard long marble dam, which dates from the 1840s when the property was a marble mill. It now provides water for the lower swimming pond. The hillside across the upper pond is all marble chips and displays a host of daffodils in the spring. The shell fountain in the secret garden is fed by the waterfall from the dam. The formal garden was started in the 1930s and is entered through the orchard, which is underplanted with naturalized narcissus. Ornaments of diverse origin are encountered, including marble balls that were the tops of gateposts at "Avalon," the Princeton, New Jersey, home of the theologian and hymn-writer Henry Van Dyck, and which were liberated by the owner's mother when that property was torn down. An Italian marble table and wrought iron gates and grilles came from New Orleans, while a wrought iron arc, originally a fanlight, was salvaged from a demolished bank in New York City. The small pool of Portuguese tile at the end of the peony allee is known as "Polly's bathtub," and is where the owner's mother cooled herself after gardening. Flower beds are edged with bricks removed from a heart-shaped patio once found in front of a large rock. The succulents in the patio were put on the rock and compete with moss for survival. The marble walls which contain the formal beds were built in the 1950s. The caisson housing the bubble fountain is what remained after a marble column had been extracted. The caissons were used as culverts on local roads and here have been cut in half to make garden seats. Richard Olcott, F.A.I.A., designed the reflecting pool in 1995.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Carver (former owners, 1892-1913); Mr. and Mrs. William Prettyman (former owners, 1913-1921); Joseph Leiter and Franklin Remington (Carver trustees, 1921-1923); Mr. and Mrs. William Powers (former owners, 1923-1929); Mr. and Mrs. George Hardy (former owners, 1929-1931); Mr. and Mrs. Anton G. Hardy (former owners, 1931-1985); and Richard M. Olcott (architect, 1995).
Related Materials:
Glebelands related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Vermont -- Manchester  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VT007
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Vermont
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11357

Palm Beach -- Heamaw

Owner:
Phipps, Henry Carnegie  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File FL021
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11992

Heamaw

Owner:
Phipps, H. C., M/Ms  Search this
Creator:
Garden Club of Palm Beach  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Phipps Garden (Palm Beach, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Palm Beach County -- Palm Beach
Date:
[between 1916 and 1949?]
General:
Mr. H. C. Phipps has been specializing in hybridizing gardenias and has imported stock from all over the world. He is trying to develop a hardy and especially floriferous gardenia suitable for our climate.
Historic plate number: "56."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Palms  Search this
Gardenia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL021001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL021: Palm Beach -- Heamaw
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12235

Heamaw

Owner:
Phipps, H. C., M/Ms  Search this
Creator:
Garden Club of Palm Beach  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Phipps Garden (Palm Beach, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Palm Beach County -- Palm Beach
Date:
[between 1916 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "57."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Palms  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL021002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL021: Palm Beach -- Heamaw
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12236

Alford -- Little Sutton

Landscape architect:
Wilcox, Edmund G.  Search this
Marconica  Search this
Provenance:
Lenox Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Little Sutton (Alford, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Berkshire County -- Alford
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, garden plan, vegetable garden diary (1943); copies of photographs, and copy of section in Herb Garden Design.
General:
Little Sutton, approximately 80 acres, was built in 1941 as a summer home. A garden plot, large enough to feed the family, was planted north of the house soon after it was built. The south terrace and porch has an outdoor fireplace and is planted with a yellow sedum This is bordered with low field stone walls and edged with roses and blue flowering bulbs. The owners added a square herb garden on the east side of the house near the kitchen door in 1942. In 1956, the main garden (now called the Terraced Garden) drawings were finalized and planted as well as the addition of a swimming pool to the south of the house. The bog garden and "bog pool," added in 1958, is shielded by Mugho pines, hemlock and junipers. Three years later, a more formal herb garden, two lathe houses, a fountain, two terraces edged in red brick rick rack fashion, and an entrance garden were added. The terrace near the house takes full advantage of the view of Mount Everett to the south and west.
Persons associated with the property include:Harding and Seaver (house architects, 1941); Marconica (landscape architects, 1941-?); Edmund G. Wilco (landscape architect, 1952); Sermini and Sons (stone masons); Roy Hare, Jonathan H. Rose (architects, 1963-1997); Santogostino (artist of large garden mosaic)
Related Materials:
Little Sutton related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- Alford  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Herb gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MA345
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17551

Cohasset -- Garden of Penelope Place

Former owner:
Willcutt, Lyman  Search this
Willcutt, Merriel  Search this
Kinne, Natalie  Search this
Kinne, Erald  Search this
Gardener:
Kennedy, Don  Search this
Stoddard, Thomas  Search this
Provenance:
Cohasset Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Garden of Penelope Place (Cohasset, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Norfolk County -- Cohasset
General:
"This turn of the century garden has been restored and simplified. It feature a formal bed with arbor, walks, perennial beds, sundial and urns; and the lot has a large stone outcropping and is edged with marshes and woods; many vistas and smaller gardens.
"There is a viburnum collection of 16 species/varieties; many speciman trees, both deciduous and evergreen; and a terrace, overlooking tenncourts, sheltered by a 40' pergola covered with wisteria, floribunda, and clematis. The house and outbuildings, including a "garden" building, barns, storehouses, and cottages, are part of an historic property."
Persons associated with the property include: Lyman and Merriel Willcutt (former owner 1884); Erald and Natalie B. Kinne (former owner from 1952 to 1955); Don Kennedy (gardener 1930 and 1940's); Thomas Soddard (gardener 1957).
Related Materials:
Garden of Penelope Place related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- Cohasset  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MA148
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17593

Unidentified Gardens in Virginia

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Unidentified Garden (Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "29; 40."
Historic plate caption: "Kitchen and garden from Canal."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
People  Search this
Weather vanes  Search this
Houses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA093013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA093: Unidentified -- Unidentified
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20022

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