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Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986

Creator:
Breuer, Marcel, 1902-1981  Search this
Breuer, Marcel, 1902-1981  Search this
Subject:
Marcel Breuer Associates/Architects and Planners  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Architecture, German  Search this
Architecture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- Germany  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architects -- United States  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Architects -- Germany  Search this
Design -- Germany -- Munich  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Audio - Visual  Search this
Architecture & Design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5596
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211839
AAA_collcode_breumarc
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Audio - Visual
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211839
Online Media:

Interviews of artists and architects associated with the National Academy of Design, 1926-1927

Creator:
Lockman, DeWitt McClellan, 1870-1957  Search this
Lockman, DeWitt McClellan, 1870-1957  Search this
Subject:
Abbey, Mary Gertrude  Search this
Adams, Wayman  Search this
Aitken, Robert  Search this
Albert, Ernest  Search this
Beal, Reynolds  Search this
Bell, Edward August  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland  Search this
Brown, Roy H.  Search this
Browne, George Elmer  Search this
Brunner, Arnold W. (Arnold William)  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling  Search this
Chapman, Carlton T. (Carlton Theodore)  Search this
Clinedinst, B. West (Benjamin West)  Search this
Cole, Alphaeus Philemon  Search this
Cole, Timothy  Search this
Couse, E. Irving (Eanger Irving)  Search this
Crane, Bruce  Search this
Curran, Charles C. (Charles Courtney)  Search this
De Haven, Franklin  Search this
Derrick, William Rowell  Search this
Dessar, Louis Paul  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer  Search this
Dielman, Frederick  Search this
Dufner, Edward  Search this
Dunsmore, John Ward  Search this
Flagg, Jared B. (Jared Bradley)  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard  Search this
Franzen, August  Search this
French, Daniel Chester  Search this
Fry, Sherry Edmundson  Search this
Gay, Edward  Search this
Gilbert, Cass  Search this
Granville-Smith, Walter  Search this
Harding, Chester  Search this
Hassam, Childe  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster  Search this
Howe, William Henry  Search this
Hubbell, Henry Salem  Search this
Hyde, William H. (William Henry)  Search this
Jewett, William S. (Smith)  Search this
Jones, Francis Coates  Search this
Kieth, Dora Wheeler  Search this
Kline, William Fair  Search this
Lie, Jonas  Search this
Loeb, Louis  Search this
Low, Will Hicok  Search this
MacMonnies, Frederick William  Search this
MacNeil, Hermon Atkins  Search this
McCartan, Edward  Search this
Melchers, Gari  Search this
Mora, F. Luis (Francis Luis)  Search this
Mowbray, H. Siddons (Harry Siddons)  Search this
Neilson, Raymond P. R. (Raymond Perry Rodgers)  Search this
Newell, G. Glenn (George Glenn)  Search this
Nisbet, Robert H.  Search this
Olinsky, Ivan G. (Ivan Gregorewitch)  Search this
Paddock, Willard Dryden  Search this
Palmer, Walter Launt  Search this
Parton, Arthur  Search this
Paxton, William McGregor  Search this
Peixotto, Ernest  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Potthast, Edward  Search this
Prellwitz, Henry  Search this
Ritschel, William  Search this
Rittenberg, Henry R.  Search this
Roth, Frederick George Richard  Search this
Rungius, Carl  Search this
Sartain, Emily  Search this
Sartain, John  Search this
Sartain, William  Search this
Snell, Henry B. (Henry Bayley)  Search this
Spencer, Robert  Search this
Swartwout, R. E. (Robert Egerton)  Search this
Volk, Douglas  Search this
Vonnoh, Bessie Potter  Search this
Vonnoh, Robert William  Search this
Walker, Horatio  Search this
Watrous, Harry W. (Harry Willson)  Search this
Weinman, Adolph A. (Adolph Alexander)  Search this
Weldon, Charles D.  Search this
Whittemore, William J.  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay  Search this
Williams, Frederick Ballard  Search this
Yates, Cullen  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Architects -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Architecture & Design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7901
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210068
AAA_collcode_lockdewi
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210068

Moshe Safdie interviews, 1992 Feb.1 - Oct. 17

Creator:
Safdie, Moshe, 1938-  Search this
Goodwin, George M.  Search this
Safdie, Moshe, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Le Corbusier  Search this
Gehry, Frank O.  Search this
Kahn, Louis I.  Search this
Meier, Richard  Search this
Mendelsohn, Erich  Search this
Neutra, Richard Joseph  Search this
Schindler, R. M. (Rudolph M.)  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Architects -- Canada -- Interviews  Search this
Architects -- Israel -- Interviews  Search this
Architects -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Architecture & Design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11016
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215062
AAA_collcode_safdmosh
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215062

Lake Geneva -- Villa Hortensia

Former owner:
Swift, Edward Foster  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Landscape architect:
Jenson, Jens  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Villa Hortensia (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth County -- Lake Geneva
Varying Form:
Also known as Edward Foster Swift House and Edgewood.
General:
Postcard circa 1907-1945.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Balustrades  Search this
Lakeshores  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WI031
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb69188e3ed-43b4-42f1-9d39-84648c218f66
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1815

Endorsements

Designer:
Henry Dreyfuss, American, 1904–1972  Search this
Medium:
B&W Printed Material
Type:
archive
Archive folder
Object Name:
Archive folder
Date:
1968-1971
Credit Line:
Henry Dreyfuss Archive, gift of Various Donors
Accession Number:
Dreyfuss Symbol Sourcebook Working Papers Folder 032
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Archives Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq442461c4b-7280-4dfc-a417-6540d1421716
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_Dreyfuss_Symbol_Sourcebook_Working_Papers_Folder_032

Marcel Breuer papers

Creator:
Breuer, Marcel, 1902-  Search this
Names:
Marcel Breuer Associates/Architects and Planners  Search this
Extent:
37.6 Linear feet
0.14 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1920-1986
Summary:
The Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986, contain biographical material, correspondence, business and financial records, interviews, notes, writings, sketches, project files, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material that document the career of architect and designer Marcel Breuer.
Scope and Contents note:
The Marcel Breuer papers span the years 1920 to 1986 and measure 37.6 linear feet and 0.14 gigabytes. They consist of biographical material, correspondence, business and financial records, interviews, notes, writings, sketches, project files, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material that document Breuer's career as an architect and designer. This material reflects the prolificacy and diversity of his creations, from tubular steel chairs to private residences, college campuses, factories, department stores, and international, municipal, and corporate headquarters and complexes.

The Biographical Material Series contains documents that list or certify significant events or associations attained by Breuer during his career, such as résumés, licenses, and certificates. The number of awards contained in this series attest to the esteem in which he was held by his colleagues.

Breuer's Correspondence Series illustrates the interaction of his various colleagues and the operation of his architectural offices in the execution of their projects, many of which were in progress simultaneously. This series includes letters from Joseph Albers, Jean Arp, Herbert Bayer, Alexander Calder, Serge Chermayeff, Naum Gabo, Sigfried Giedion, Walter and Ise Gropius, Louis I. Kahn, György Kepes, László Moholy-Nagy, Henry Moore, Eero Saarinen, and José Luis Sert.

The Business and Financial Records Series contains documents which reflect Breuer's commercial transactions that do not directly relate to one specific project. Two project books pertain to 36 architectural projects and record their basic physical and financial details, such as site measurements and cost projections. There are also miscellaneous invoices and receipts, and one of Breuer's personal income tax returns.

The Interviews Series contains typescripts of interviews. Of particular interest is the audiotape interview of Breuer, who discusses his early years as a student and his first impressions of the Bauhaus. There are also untranscribed audiotape interviews of his colleagues György Kepes and Harry Seidler, and his patrons Mr. A. Elzas, and the Koerfers, who discuss their business relationships with Breuer.

There are address lists of colleagues and patrons and résumés from architects contained within the series on Notes, while the Writings Series contains typescripts of lectures and articles written by Breuer concerning architecture and its history. Writings by others are about Breuer and his work, including typescripts, galleys, and photographs of architectural and design projects used in the publication of the book Marcel Breuer Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961 by Cranston Jones.

The Sketches Series consists of 3 small, hand-drawn depictions of unidentified floor plans.

The largest and most comprehensive series houses the Project Files, which consist of approximately 300 project files containing letters, legal documents, and photographs that record the planning and execution of many of Breuer's most important architectural projects. These include the UNESCO Headquarters Building (Paris, France), St. John's Abbey and University (Collegeville, Minnesota), the IBM Corporation Research Center (La Gaude, France), the HUD Headquarters Building (Washington, D.C.), the De Bijenkorf Department Store (Rotterdam, The Netherlands), and the third power plant and forebay dam for the Grand Coulee Dam (Washington state). The file for the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York contains an interesting set of photographs of Breuer showing Jacqueline Kennedy through the construction site.

Of equal importance are the additional Project Files for the 100 residences designed by Breuer, including prefabricated houses such as Kleinmetalhaus and Yankee Portables, and commissioned residences such as the two Gagarin Houses (Litchfield, Connecticut), the two Harnischmacher Houses (Wiesbaden, Germany), Koerfer House (Moscia, Switzerland), the Neumann House (Croton-on-Hudson, New York), the Saier House (Glanville-Calvados, France), the Staehelin House (Feldmeilen, Switzerland), the Starkey House (Duluth, Minnesota), and the three Rufus Stillman Houses (Litchfield, Connecticut). There are also files concerning the four houses Breuer designed for himself in Lincoln and Wellfleet, Massachusetts, and in New Canaan, Connecticut.

The Project Files for Breuer's furniture designs are not as comprehensive as those for his architectural creations but contain many photographs of his early conceptions for chairs, tables, desks, cabinets, rugs, and tapestries.

The Exhibition Files Series contains primarily photographs of exhibitions in which Breuer participated. The extent of his participation is sometimes difficult to determine, because it ranged from designing a single chair, designing rooms for an apartment or an entire house specifically to be shown in an exhibition, to designing an exhibition building. Breuer was also the subject of a retrospective exhibition sponsored by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This traveling exhibition was seen in New York City, Chicago, Paris, and Berlin.

Images contained in the Photographs Series are of Breuer, including one of him in Philip Johnson's house, Breuer family members, and colleagues, including Herbert Bayer, Alexander Calder, Serge Chermayeff, Walter and Ise Gropius, and Matta. Three photograph albums in this series contain more than 1,000 photographs of 59 architectural projects.

The Printed Material Series houses general clippings that concern groups of projects, rather than one specific project. There is also a scrapbook of tearsheets concerning architectural projects, exhibition announcements, and catalogs for others, and miscellaneous press releases and brochures.
Arrangement:
The Marcel Breuer papers are arranged into 11 series, based on type of document. Each series, except Project Files, has been arranged chronologically. The Project Files Series has been divided into 19 subseries of related architectual and design project types. The overall arrangement reflects Breuer's original arrangement. Each subseries or file group within is arranged alphabetically according to the surname of an individual, or a location name of a university. The contents of each project file have been arranged according to material type and a chronology that best reflects the progression of the project toward completion.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1920-1981 (Boxes 1, 36; Reel 5708; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1923-1986 (Boxes 1-6, OV 47; Reels 5708-5717; 5.3 linear ft.)

Series 3: Business and Financial Records, 1933-1980 (Box 6; Reels 5717-5718; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 4: Interviews, 1963-1985 (Boxes 6-7; Reel 5718; 0.4 linear ft., ER01; 0.14 GB)

Series 5: Notes, 1934-1976 (Box 7; Reel 5718; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 6: Writings, 1923-1981 (Boxes 7-8; Reels 5718-5720; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sketches, circa 1920s-circa 1980 (Box 8; Reel 5720; 1 folder)

Series 8: Project Files, 1921-1986 (Boxes 8-23, 36-40, OVs 43-57; Reels 5720-5737; 27.6 linear ft.)

Series 9: Exhibition files, 1922-1974 (Box 34, OV 49; Reels 5737-5738; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1928-1979 (Boxes 34, 41-42; Reel 5738; 0.3 linear ft.)

Series 11: Printed Material, 1925-1984 (Boxes 35, 42; Reels 5738-5739; 1.0 linear ft.)
Biographical/Historical note:
Marcel Lajos Breuer was born on May 21, 1902, in the Danube valley town of Pécs, Hungary, to Jacques Breuer, a physician, and Franciska (Kan) Breuer. His siblings were Hermina and Alexander. Throughout his life, Breuer used his first name only on official documents and preferred that his friends use his middle name, the Hungarian form of "Louis." The diminutive form of this name was usually spelled "Lajkó" and pronounced "Lye-ko."

In 1920, Breuer graduated from the Magyar Királyi Föreáliskola in Pécs. He had received a scholarship to study art in Vienna but took an immediate dislike to the Art Academy there, so searched elsewhere for training. He started working in the studio of a Viennese architect and soon became interested in training in the cabinetmaking shop of the architect's brother. Breuer was not satisfied with this arrangement either, and, upon hearing about the year-old Bauhaus school in Germany, he departed for Weimar in 1921.

Founded and directed by Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus combined the teaching of the pure arts with training in functional technology. Breuer received a master's degree from the Bauhaus in 1924, then studied architecture in Paris, where he first met Le Corbusier.

In 1925, Gropius enticed Breuer to return to the Bauhaus, now relocated in Dessau, by offering him a post as master of the carpentry workshop and a commission to design the interiors of the new Bauhaus buildings. Inspired by his new bicycle's handlebars, Breuer designed his first tubular steel chair, the Wassily chair, named for his friend Wassily Kandinsky. This chair and dozens of other Breuer designs for furnishings were mass-produced by the Thonet Brothers in Germany.

Two years later, in 1928, Breuer left the Bauhaus to begin a private architecture practice in Berlin, emphasizing prefabricated housing and the use of concrete in building. During this time Breuer worked on a designs for the Potsdamer Platz, Spandau-Haselhorst Housing, and a hospital in Elberfeld, and he completed work on the Lewin House and the Harnischmacher Apartment. Due to the deteriorating economic and political conditions in Germany, Breuer closed his Berlin office in 1931 and traveled to Budapest, Zurich, Morocco, Greece, and Spain. Returning to Germany in the following year, he began designing furniture in aluminum. Breuer established his reputation as an architect upon completion of the Harnischmacher House in Wiesbaden, a house notable for the use of contrasting materials and distinctive interiors.

The Nazis closed the Bauhaus in 1933. The following year, Breuer designed the Dolderthal Apartments in Zurich for the Swiss architectural historian Sigfried Giedion. From 1935 to 1937, Breuer settled in London, and became partners with F. R. S. Yorke. During this time he designed for the Isokon ("isometric unit construction") Control Company laminated plywood furniture that became widely imitated.

In 1937, Breuer accepted an invitation from Walter Gropius to join the faculty of the School of Design at Harvard University to teach architecture, and he moved to the United States. Among his students were Edward Larrabee Barnes, Ulrich Franzen, Philip Johnson, I. M. Pei, and Paul Rudolph. Breuer formed a partnership with Gropius in Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1937 to 1941. Their firm was engaged primarily in the design of private homes.

In 1946, Breuer moved to New York City, where he established an office in an East 88th Street townhouse. The number of his commissions began to grow slowly, and it was during this time he constructed his own notable residence in New Canaan, Connecticut. He developed the bi-nuclear, or "two-center" house, which was designed to meet the living requirements of modern families by creating functional areas for separate activities.

Breuer's architectural reputation was greatly enhanced when, in 1953, he was commissioned to design, in collaboration with Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zehrfuss, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Headquarters in Paris. During this year, he also began work on a series of innovative buildings for St. John's Abbey and University in Collegeville, Minnesota.

Between 1963 and 1964, Breuer began work on what is perhaps his best-known project, the Whitney Museum of American Art, in New York City. He also established an office with the name Marcel Breuer Architecte, in Paris, to better orchestrate his European projects. Also during this time, Herbert Beckhard, Murray Emslie, Hamilton Smith, and Robert F. Gatje became partners in Marcel Breuer and Associates. When Murray Emslie left a year later, he was replaced by Tician Papachristou, who had been recommended by Breuer's former student, I. M. Pei.

After several moves to increasingly larger office space in New York, Breuer established his largest office at 635 Madison Avenue and 59th Street in 1965. After suffering the first of a series of heart attacks, Breuer reduced his travel to Europe, eventually leaving the management of the Paris office in the hands of Mario Jossa.

Between 1965 and 1973, Marcel Breuer and Associates continued to receive many diverse and important commissions, including the Department of Housing and Urban Development Headquarters Building (Washington, D.C.), showrooms for Scarves by Vera (New York City), the IBM Corporation (La Gaude, France), the Baldegg Convent (Lucerne, Switzerland), Bryn Mawr School for Girls (Baltimore, Maryland), a third power plant for the Grand Coulee Dam, the Australian Embassy (Paris, France), the Armstrong Rubber Company (New Haven, Connecticut), and the State University of New York Engineering Complex (Buffalo). Breuer also designed residences including a second Gagarin House (Litchfield, Connecticut), the Saier House (Glanville-Calvados, France), the Soriano House (Greenwich, Connecticut), and a third Rufus Stillman House (Litchfield, Connecticut).

Due to failing health in 1972, Breuer sold his New Canaan house and moved into Manhattan so he could more easily commute to the office. By 1976, Breuer's health had declined further, and he retired from practice. The name of his firm was subtly changed from Marcel Breuer and Associates to Marcel Breuer Associates, and later to MBA/Architects and Planners.

Marcel Breuer died on July 1, 1981, in New York City.

This chronology below is based on evidence found within the Marcel Breuer Papers. The dating of projects reflects the range of dates encompassed by the files for each project, not the project's actual construction time. Most architectural projects have several equally significant dates from which it is difficult to assign a single date. Significant dates for a building may include the date of groundbreaking, the laying of the cornerstone, or the first opening day. When a project's dates are unknown or uncertain, a question mark in brackets appears at the end of the entry.

Missing Title

1902 -- Marcel Lajos Breuer is born on May 21 in Pécs, Hungary.

1920 -- Breuer graduates from Magyar Királyi Föreáliskola (high school) in Pécs. Breuer travels to Vienna to study art.

1921 -- Breuer enrolls at the Bauhaus, Wiemar, Germany. Furniture designs: tea table; wooden cabinet.

1922 -- Furniture designs: poltrana chair; side chairs. Exhibition: Bauhaus Exhibition, Berlin, Germany Haus-am-Horn

1923 -- Architectural project: apartment house (multistory duplex with continuous terrace gardens). Furniture designs: miscellaneous bureaus.

1924 -- Breuer earns a master's degree from the Bauhaus. Breuer studies architecture in Paris, where he meets Le Corbusier. Furniture designs: desk and bookcase.

1925 -- Breuer returns to the Bauhaus, now located in Dessau, and takes post of master of the carpentry workshop. Architectural projects: Canteen, Bauhaus-Dessau, Germany; Kleinmetallhaus (prefabricated house in steel); Gropius House, Dessau, Germany; Wissinger Apartment, Berlin, Germany [1925?]. Furniture designs: Wassily chair; Rückenlehnstuhl ("back-leaning chair"); tubular steel stool; modular system for cabinets.

1926 -- Breuer marries Martha Erps. Architectural projects: Gröte Residence, Dessau, Germany; Moholy-Nagy Apartment and Studio, Berlin, Germany; Muche House, Dessau, Germany; Piscator Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Thost House, Hamburg, Germany. Furniture designs:(modular) system for unit furniture; dining room chair; tubular steel chair; office chair; storage wall unit. Exhibition: Bauhaus Exhibition, Dessau, Germany; table for Kandinsky's Master's Studio.

1927 -- Architectural project: Bambos Houses, Dessau, Germany. Furniture designs: folding chair; theater chairs; tubular steel and wood desks.

1928 -- Breuer leaves the Bauhaus and establishes business in Berlin. Architectural projects: Potsdamer Platz, Berlin, Germany; Spandau-Haselhorst Housing, Spandau, Germany; Elberfeld Hospital, Elberfeld, Germany; Breuer Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Heinersdorff House, Berlin, Germany; Melder House, Mährisch-Ostrau, Czechoslovakia. Furniture designs: folding chair; Cesca dining room chair; tubular steel coffee table; tea wagon

1929 -- Architectural projects: Fuld Factory Competition, Frankfurt, Germany; Kharkov Theater, Kharkov, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.; De Francesco Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Harnischmacher Apartment, Wiesbaden, Germany; Heydt Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Lewin House, Berlin, Germany; Schneider House, Wiesbaden, Germany. Furniture design: armchair.

1930 -- Breuer meets György Kepes in Berlin. Architectural project: Boroschek Apartment, Berlin, Germany. Exhibitions: Bauhaus Exhibition, Berlin-Germany, House for a Sportsman, Cork Industry Display; Paris Werkbund Exhibition, Paris, France, Wohn Hotel, Vitrine and Cabinets, and Klubraum Gropius.

1931 -- Breuer closes the Berlin office and travels in Europe and North Africa. Architectural project: Reidemeister Residence, Berlin, Germany. Furniture design: bookcase. Exhibition: Bauausstellung Exhibition, Berlin, Germany, Mitarbeiter Hassenpflug Apartment.

1932 -- Breuer returns to Germany.

1933 -- Nazis close the Bauhaus. Architectural project: Harnischmacher House I, Wiesbaden, Germany. Furniture designs: aluminum chairs; aluminum tables.

1934 -- Breuer divorces Martha Erps. Architectural project: Dolderthal Apartments, Zurich, Switzerland. Exhibition Building Competition, Budapest Spring Fair, Budapest, Hungary.

1935 -- Breuer moves to London and forms partnership with F. R. S. Yorke. Furniture designs: Isokon chairs; plywood nesting tables; plywood dining table. Exhibition: Heal's "Seven Architects" Exhibition, London, England; Designs for two chairs.

1936 -- Architectural projects: Motley Fashion Shop, London, England; London Theatre Studio, London, England; Clifton House (Crofton Gane House), Bristol, England; Sea Lane House, Angmering-on-Sea, Sussex, England; Ventris Apartment, London, England. Exhibitions: Royal Show, Bristol, England, Gane's Pavilion; British Cement and Concrete Association Exhibition, London, England, Garden City of the Future (civic center).

1937 -- Breuer and Yorke dissolve their partnership. Breuer moves to the United States to teach at Harvard. Breuer and Walter Gropius establish Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, Associated Architects. Architectural project: Obergurgl Ski Lodge, Obergurgl, Austria.

1938 -- Architectural projects: Wheaton College Competition, Art Center, Norton, Massachusetts; Fischer House and Studio, Newtown, Pennsylvania; Gropius House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Haggerty House, Cohasset, Massachusetts; Margolius House, Palm Springs, California. Furniture design: cabinet with hinged drawers. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer and the American Tradition in Architecture," Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1939 -- Architectural projects: Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina; Breuer House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Ford House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Frank House, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Exhibition: New York World's Fair, Flushing Meadows, New York; Pennsylvania Pavilion.

1940 -- Breuer marries Constance Crocker Leighton. Architectural projects: Chamberlain Cottage, Wayland, Massachusetts; Weizenblatt House, Asheville, North Carolina.

1941 -- Breuer and Gropius dissolve their partnership. Architectural project: New Kensington Defense Housing, New Kensington, Pennsylvania.

1942 -- Architectural projects: Plas-2-Point Demountable Houses; Yankee Portables.

1943 -- Architectural projects: South Boston Redevelopment Project, Boston, Massachusetts; Stuyvesant Six (housing development), New York, New York; Wellfleet Housing Development, Bi-Nuclear "H" House, Wellfleet, Massachusetts.

1944 -- Architectural projects: Van Leer Vatenfabrieken N.V., Office Building, Amstelveen, The Netherlands; 1200 Square Foot House, Florida; Geller House I, Lawrence, Long Island, New York; East River Apartments, New York, New York; Long Beach Nurses' Residence, Long Beach, Long Island, New York.

1945 -- Architectural projects: Eastern Airlines Ticket Office, Boston, Massachusetts; Smith College Competition, Dormitories, Northampton, Massachusetts; Unidentified Memorial, [location unknown]; Cambridge War Memorial, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Florida House, Miami Heights, Florida; Tompkins House, Hewlett Harbor Village, Long Island, New York.

1946 -- Breuer and family move to New York City. Breuer establishes an office on East 88th Street. Architectural projects: Small House Competition; Martine House, Stamford, Connecticut; Preston Robinson House, Williamstown, Massachusetts.

1947 -- Architectural projects: Breuer House I, New Canaan, Connecticut; Scott House, Dennis, Massachusetts; Thompson House, Ligonier, Pennsylvania.

1948 -- Architectural projects: Ariston Club, Mar del Plata, Argentina; Breuer Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts; Kniffin House, New Canaan, Connecticut; Witalis House, Saddle Rock, Kings Point, New York; Wise Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Low Cost Furniture Competition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, Cutout plywood chair.

1949 -- Publication of book, Marcel Breuer: Architect and Designer, by Peter Blake. Architectural projects: United States Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Headquarters, Paris, France; Clark House, Orange, Connecticut; Herrick House, Canajoharie, New York; Hooper Residence Additions, Baltimore, Maryland; Marshad House, Croton-on-Hudson, New York; Smith House, Aspen, Colorado; Tilley House, Middletown, New Jersey; Wolfson Trailer House, Pleasant Valley, New York. Exhibition: Museum of Modern Art Exhibition, New York, New York, House in museum garden.

1950 -- Breuer moves his office to East 37th Street, New York. Architectural projects: Alaska Air Terminal, Anchorage, Alaska [1950?]; Sarah Lawrence College, Arts Center, Bronxville, New York; Vassar College, Dwight Ferry House (a cooperative dormitory), Poughkeepsie, New York; Aspen House, Aspen, Colorado; Englund House, Pleasantville, New York; Hanson House, Lloyd Harbor, Huntington, Long Island, New York; Lauck House, Princeton, New Jersey; McComb House, Poughkeepsie, New York; Mills House, New Canaan, Connecticut; Pack House, Scarsdale, New York; Rufus Stillman House I, Litchfield, Connecticut.

1951 -- Architectural projects: Grosse Pointe Public Library, Grosse Pointe, Michigan; Aufricht House Addition, Mamaroneck, New York; Breuer House II, New Canaan, Connecticut; Caesar House, Lakeville, Connecticut. Furniture design: Canaan desk.

1952 -- Architectural projects: Scarves by Vera, Showroom, New York, New York; Levy House, Princeton, New Jersey; George Robinson House, Redding Ridge, Connecticut; Tibby House, Port Washington, New York.

1953 -- Architectural projects: Bantam Elementary School, Litchfield, Connecticut; Litchfield High School, Litchfield, Connecticut; Northfield Elementary School, Litchfield, Connecticut; St. John's Abbey and University, Monastery Wing, Abbey Church and Bell Banner, Collegeville, Minnesota; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Oakville, Ontario, Canada; De Bijenkorf Department Store and Garage, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Calabi House, Lagrangeville, New York; Crall House, Gates Mills, Ohio; Gagarin House I, Litchfield, Connecticut; Neumann House, Croton-on-Hudson, New York; Snower House, Kansas City, Missouri; Edgar Stillman House, Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Tile Council of America Exhibition, New York, New York, Patio-Bathroom.

1954 -- Architectural projects: New London Railroad Station, New London, Connecticut; Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey; Grieco House, Andover, Massachusetts; Harnischmacher House II, Wiesbaden, Germany; Karsten House, Owings Mills, Maryland; Starkey House (formerly Alworth House), Duluth, Minnesota.

1955 -- Publication of book, Sun and Shadow: The Philosophy of an Architect, edited by Peter Blake. Architectural projects: New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad, Train "X," Budd "Hot Rod," Budd "Flying Cloud," and ACF Talgo Locomotives and Passenger Cars, Rye Railroad Station, Rye, New York [1955?]; Connecticut Junior Republic Association Dormitory, Litchfield, Connecticut; Torrington High School, Torrington, Connecticut; Hunter College, Library, Classrooms, and Administration Building, Bronx, New York; Annunciation Priory, Bismarck, North Dakota; O. E. McIntyre, Inc. Plant, Westbury, Long Island, New York; Laaff House, Andover, Massachusetts; McGinnis Apartment, Biltmore, New York, New York; McGinnis House, Charlmont, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Good Design Exhibition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, Hyperbolic Paraboloid.

1956 -- Breuer moves his office to Third Avenue and 57th Street, New York. Breuer is the first recipient of La Rinascente's Compasso d'Oro Prize. Architectural projects: U.S. Embassy, The Hague, The Netherlands; Boston and Maine Railroad, North Station Industrial Building; Boston and Maine Railroad, Fairbanks Morse Locomotive and Passenger Cars; New Haven Railroad Station, New Haven, Connecticut; New York University, University Heights Campus, Bronx, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Van Nuys, California; Wohnbedarf Furniture Showroom, Zurich, Switzerland; Hooper House, Baltimore, Maryland; Krieger House, Bethesda, Maryland; Staehelin House, Feldmeilen, Switzerland.

1957 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Budapest. Architectural project: Westchester Reform Temple, Scarsdale, New York. Exhibitions: International Autumn Fair, Vienna, Austria, U.S. Pavilion; "Amerika Baut" ("America Builds"), Marshall House, Berlin, Germany.

1958 -- Breuer becomes a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. Architectural projects: El Recreo Urban Center, Caracas, Venezuela; St. John's Abbey and University, St. Thomas Aquinas Residence Hall, Collegeville, Minnesota; Halvorson House, Dryberry Lake Area, Kenora, Ontario, Canada; Recreational Apartments, Tanaguarena, Venezuela. Exhibitions: "Ars Sacra" Exhibition, Louvain, France; Concrete Industries Exposition, Cleveland, Ohio, The Pavilion.

1959 -- Architectural projects: Whitby Elementary School, Greenwich, Connecticut; Ustinov House, Vevey, Switzerland. Exhibitions: "U.S. Architecture in Moscow," Moscow, U.S.S.R.; "1960 National Gold Medal Exhibition of the Building Arts," Museum of Contemporary Crafts, New York, New York, Photographic Displays of Various Breuer Projects; "Form Givers at Mid-Century" (traveling exhibition), Photographic Displays of Various Breuer Projects.

1960 -- Architectural projects: Flaine Ski Resort Town, Haute-Savoie, France; St. John's Abbey and University, Library, Collegeville, Minnesota; Brookhaven National Laboratory (for Nuclear Research), Upton, Long Island, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Rochester, Indiana; Abraham & Straus Department Store, Facade, Hempstead, Long Island, New York; McMullen Beach House, Mantoloking, New Jersey.

1961 -- Architectural projects: St. Francis de Sales Church, Church and Rectory, Muskegon, Michigan; Temple B'Nai Jeshurun, Short Hills, Millburn Township, New Jersey; One Charles Center, Baltimore, Maryland; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Research Center, La Gaude, France; Fairview Heights Apartments, Ithaca, New York. Exhibitions: "Bauhaus" [location unknown]; "New Forms in Concrete," American Federation of Arts (traveling exhibition).

1962 -- Publication of book, Marcel Breuer Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961, by Cranston Jones. Architectural projects: Torrington Manufacturing Company, Machine Division, Torrington, Connecticut; Scarves by Vera, Showroom, Los Angeles, California; Kacmarcik House, St. Paul, Minnesota. Exhibition: "Fourth Biennale of Present-Day Christian Art," Salzburg Dome, Salzburg, Austria.

1963 -- Herbert Beckhard, Murray Emslie, and Hamilton Smith become partners in Marcel Breuer and Associates. Architectural projects: Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Headquarters Building, Washington, D.C.; Hoboken Terminal Building, Hoboken, New Jersey; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York; Grand Central Air Rights Building, 175 Park Avenue, New York, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Nivelles, Belgium; Koerfer House, Moscia, Tessin, Switzerland; Van der Wal House, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Exhibitions: "Recent American Synagogue Architecture," The Jewish Museum, New York, New York; "Churches and Temples: Postwar Architecture," American Institute of Architects, Pepsi Cola Gallery, New York, New York; "On Campus: Recent Buildings," American Federation of Arts (traveling exhibition).

1964 -- Breuer establishes an office near the Parc des Expositions, Paris, France. Robert F. Gatje becomes a partner in Marcel Breuer and Associates. Murray Emslie leaves, and Tician Papachristou joins Marcel Breuer and Associates. Architectural projects: Boston Redevelopment Parcel 8 Competition, Boston, Massachusetts; ZUP (Zone à Urbaniser par Priorité/"Zone Designated for Priority Urbanization") Community, Bayonne, France; New York University, University Heights Campus, Technology Building II, Bronx, New York; St. John's Abbey and University, Science Hall, and Auditorium, Collegeville, Minnesota; Yale University, Becton Center for Engineering and Applied Science, New Haven, Connecticut; St. Luke's Church, Fairport, New York; Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, Washington, D.C.; Scarves by Vera, Showroom and Offices, 417 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York; De Gunzburg Houses, Megève, Haute-Savoie, France; Rufus Stillman House II, Litchfield, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Art in the United States" Part III, ("Architecture in the U.S.A."), Brearley School, New York, New York.

1965 -- Breuer's Paris office (Marcel Breuer Architecte) moves to 48 rue Chapon in the third arrondissement. Breuer's New York office moves to 635 Madison Avenue and 59th Street. Breuer suffers the first of a series of heart attacks while in New York in August. Architectural projects: Interama (Community for Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay), Miami, Fla.; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; State School for the Mentally Retarded, Nassau County, New York; Cardinal Stritch College (Tri-Arts Center), Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Mary College, Bismarck, North Dakota; University of Massachusetts, Murray Lincoln Campus Center and Parking Structure, Amherst, Massachusetts; Laboratoires Sarget, Corporate Headquarters and Pharmaceutical Plant, Bordeaux, France; Purdue Frederick Company, Corporate Headquarters, Bordeaux, France; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Swindon, England; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Administration Building, Torrington, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Architecture of Industry," Architectural League of New York, (traveling exhibition).

1966 -- Breuer and Robert F. Gatje move back to the New York office. Eric Cercler and Mario Jossa are left in charge of the Paris office. Architectural projects: Sports Park, Corona-Flushing Meadow Park, Queens, New York; Charlotte Hungersford Hospital, Torrington, Connecticut; Stables Competition, Central Park, New York, New York; St. John's Abbey and University, Student Residence Hall II and Student Center and Swimming Pavilion, Collegeville, Minnesota. Furniture design: Tapestries. Exhibitions: Svoboda & Company Furniture Exhibition," Selection 66," Vienna, Austria; School of Architecture Exhibition, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma; "Rugs," Stephen Radich Gallery, New York, New York; "Bauhaus: A Teaching Idea," Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1967 -- Architectural projects: Campus High School, Secondary Education Complex, Madison Park Urban Renewal Area, Boston, Massachusetts; Kent School, Girls' Chapel, Kent, Connecticut; St. John's Abbey and University, Ecumenical and Cultural Research Center, Collegeville, Minnesota; Cleveland Museum of Art, Education Wing, Cleveland, Ohio; Baldegg Convent, Mother House Institute, near Lucerne, Switzerland; Cleveland Trust Company, Bank and Office Building, Cleveland, Ohio; Grand Coulee Dam, Columbia Basin Project Third Power Plant and Forebay Dam, Douglas County, Washington; Geller House II, Lawrence, Long Island, New York; Kreizel House Addition, [location unknown]; Soriano House, Greenwich, Connecticut.

1968 -- Breuer is awarded the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects. Breuer is awarded the Jefferson Foundation Medal in Architecture from the University of Virginia. Architectural projects: Olgiata Parish Church, Rome, Italy; Harrison-State Development Corporation, Office Building, Bristol Center, Syracuse, New York; Armstrong Rubber Company, New Haven, Connecticut; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Expansion of Headquarters Facility, Armonk, New York; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Offices, Laboratories, and Manufacturing Facility, Boca Raton, Florida; Scarves by Vera, Showroom, 1411 Broadway, New York, New York; Rosenberg House, [location unknown].

1969 -- Mario Jossa is made sole director of the Paris office. Architectural projects: West Queens High School, Long Island City, Queens, New York; Harvard University, Bio-Chemistry Building, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Boston Office Building, 60 State Street, Boston, Massachusetts. Exhibition: "Le Bauhaus: 1919-1969," Musée National d'Art Moderne et Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France.

1970 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from Harvard University. Publication of book, Marcel Breuer New Buildings and Projects, by Tician Papachristou. Architectural projects: Australian Embassy, Paris, France; Bryn Mawr School for Girls, Baltimore, Maryland; State University of New York at Buffalo, Engineering and Applied Science Complex, Buffalo, New York; University of Virginia, Physics Building, Charlottesville, Virginia. Exhibition: ["Marcel Breuer"?], Szépmuvészeti Múzeum (Museum of Fine Arts), Budapest, Hungary.

1971 -- Architectural projects: Acquitaine Coast Resort, Port Contis, France; Atlanta Central Library, Atlanta, Georgia; Pine Ridge High School, Pine Ridge, South Dakota; Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, New York; European Investment Bank, Kirchberg Plateau, Luxembourg; Torin Corporation, Tech Center, Building 1, Torrington, Connecticut.

1972 -- Breuer suffers another heart attack in Kabul, Afghanistan. Breuer sells his house in New Canaan and moves to 63rd Street, New York. Architectural projects: Clarksburg Public Library, Clarksburg, West Virginia; Southern New England Telephone Company (SNET), Traffic Service Position; Systems Building, Torrington, Connecticut; American Press Institute, Conference Center, Reston, Virginia; Afghanistan Hotels, Kabul and Bamyan, Afghanistan; Picker House, Lake Carmel, New York; Saier House, Glanville-Calvados, France. Exhibitions: "Breuer en France," Knoll International, Paris, France; "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.

1973 -- Architectural projects: Heckscher Museum, Expansion Project, Huntington, New York; Defendon Pharma, Limburg an der Lahn, Germany; Torin Corporation, Sculpture, Torrington, Connecticut; Torin Corporation, Assembly Plant, Lawton, Oklahoma; Gagarin House II, Litchfield, Connecticut; Rufus Stillman House III, Litchfield, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

1974 -- Architectural projects: Strom Thurmond Courthouse and Federal Office Building, Columbia, South Carolina; Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority, Red Line Subway Expansion, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Exhibitions: "The Flowering of American Folk Art," Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, Installation designed by Breuer and Hamilton Smith; "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Centre de Création Industrielle, Pavillon de Marsan, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France.

1975 -- Architectural projects: Lawton Community, Lawton, Oklahoma; Mundipharma, Limburg, Germany; Andrew Geller Shoes, Inc., Showroom, New York, New York; Mt. Tochal Hotel, Tehran, Iran. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Bauhaus-Archiv, Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany.

1976 -- Breuer retires from practice. Marcel Breuer and Associates becomes Marcel Breuer Associates and later MBA/Architects and Planners. Architectural projects: Sadat City Ministries Complex, Cairo, Egypt; National Museum of American Amusement, [location unknown]; Torin Corporation, Penrith, Australia; Mideast Market (fish, meat, and vegetable market), Kuwait; Cairo Airport Hotel, Cairo, Egypt; Bratti House, New Canaan, Connecticut.

1977 -- Mario Jossa becomes a partner in MBA/Architects and Planners. Architectural projects: BAFO Warehouse, Springfield, Virginia; ITT Palm Coast Condominiums, Flagler Beach, Florida. Exhibition: "Art and Contemporary Architecture," David Findlay Galleries, New York, New York.

1978 -- Breuer receives the Grand Médaille d'Or from the Academy of Architecture, France. Architectural projects: Litchfield County Courthouse, Litchfield, Connecticut; Grand Coulee Dam, Columbia River Basin Project, Visitors Arrival Center, Douglas County, Washington.

1979 -- Architectural project: Boyarsky House, Lawrence, New York.

1980 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from the Parsons School of Design. MBA/Architects and Planners moves to 26th Street, New York. MBA/Architects and Planners sells the Paris practice to Mario Jossa. Architectural projects: Pall Corporation, Headquarters and Parking Structure, Glen Cove, New York; Philip Morris, Inc., Manufacturing Facility, Cabarrus County, North Carolina; Pittsburgh Convention Center Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1981 -- Marcel Breuer dies on July 1 in New York City. Architectural projects: N F & M Corporation, Jericho, New York; Garces House, Cali, Colombia.

1982 -- Herbert Beckhard leaves the partnership in November. Architectural projects: Xerox Corporation, [location unknown]; General Electric Company, Waldorf Towers Apartment, New York, New York; General Electric Company, Chairman's Office Competition, New York, New York; General Electric Company, Corporate Guest Facility and Helipad, Lewisboro, New York.

1983 -- Partnership now called Gatje Papachristou Smith, and is located in offices on lower Fifth Avenue, New York. Architectural project: 44th Street Precinct House, Bronx, New York.

1986 -- Partnership of Gatje Papachristou Smith dissolved.
Related Archival Materials note:
Additional blueprints and drawings by Breuer are located at Syracuse University.

A presentation book for the IBM Research Center in La Gaude, France, is located in the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in five installments, 1985-1999, by Constance Breuer, widow of Marcel Breuer.
Restrictions:
The microfilm for this collection has been digitized and is available online via the Archives of American Art website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Architecture, German  Search this
Architecture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- Germany  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architects -- United States  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Architects -- Germany  Search this
Design -- Germany -- Munich  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.breumarc
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90f838117-b953-44c2-9743-0454d1f99e70
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-breumarc
Online Media:

Interviews of artists and architects associated with the National Academy of Design

Interviewer:
Lockman, DeWitt McClellan, 1870-1957  Search this
Names:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Harding, Chester, 1792-1866  Search this
Jewett, William S. (Smith), 1812-1873  Search this
Loeb, Louis, 1866-1909  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Interviewee:
Abbey, Mary Gertrude, d. 1931  Search this
Adams, Wayman, 1883-1959  Search this
Aitken, Robert, 1878-1949  Search this
Albert, Ernest, 1857-1946  Search this
Beal, Reynolds, 1866-1951  Search this
Bell, Edward August, 1862-1953  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Brown, Roy H., 1879-1956  Search this
Browne, George Elmer, 1871-1946  Search this
Brunner, Arnold W. (Arnold William), 1857-1925  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Chapman, Carlton T. (Carlton Theodore), 1860-1925  Search this
Clinedinst, B. West (Benjamin West), 1860-1931  Search this
Cole, Alphaeus Philemon, 1876-1988  Search this
Cole, Timothy, 1852-1931  Search this
Couse, E. Irving (Eanger Irving), 1866-1936  Search this
Crane, Bruce, 1857-1937  Search this
Curran, Charles C. (Charles Courtney), 1861-1942  Search this
De Haven, Franklin, 1856-1934  Search this
Derrick, William Rowell, 1857-1941  Search this
Dessar, Louis Paul, 1867-1952  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer, 1851-1938  Search this
Dielman, Frederick, 1847-1935  Search this
Dufner, Edward, 1872-1957  Search this
Dunsmore, John Ward, 1856-1945  Search this
Flagg, Jared B. (Jared Bradley), 1820-1899  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard, 1895?-1942  Search this
Franzen, August, 1863-1938  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Fry, Sherry Edmundson, 1879-  Search this
Gay, Edward, 1837-1928  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Granville-Smith, Walter, 1870-1938  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster, 1872-1930  Search this
Howe, William Henry, 1846-1929  Search this
Hubbell, Henry Salem, 1870-1938  Search this
Hyde, William H. (William Henry), 1858-1943  Search this
Jones, Francis Coates, 1857-1932  Search this
Kieth, Dora Wheeler  Search this
Kline, William Fair, 1870-1931  Search this
Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940  Search this
Low, Will Hicok, 1853-1932  Search this
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937  Search this
MacNeil, Hermon Atkins, 1866-1947  Search this
McCartan, Edward, 1879-1947  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Mora, F. Luis (Francis Luis), 1874-1940  Search this
Mowbray, H. Siddons (Harry Siddons), 1858-1928  Search this
Neilson, Raymond P. R. (Raymond Perry Rodgers), 1881-1964  Search this
Newell, G. Glenn (George Glenn), 1870-1947  Search this
Nisbet, Robert H., 1879-1961  Search this
Olinsky, Ivan G. (Ivan Gregorewitch), 1878-1962  Search this
Paddock, Willard Dryden, 1873-1956  Search this
Palmer, Walter Launt, 1854-1932  Search this
Parton, Arthur, 1842-1914  Search this
Paxton, William McGregor, 1869-1941  Search this
Peixotto, Ernest, b. 1869  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Potthast, Edward, 1857-1927  Search this
Prellwitz, Henry, 1865-1940  Search this
Ritschel, William, 1864-1949  Search this
Rittenberg, Henry R., b. 1879  Search this
Roth, Frederick George Richard, 1872-1944  Search this
Rungius, Carl, 1869-1959  Search this
Sartain, Emily, 1841-1927  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Snell, Henry B. (Henry Bayley), 1858-1943  Search this
Spencer, Robert, 1879-1931  Search this
Swartwout, R. E. (Robert Egerton)  Search this
Volk, Douglas , 1856-1935  Search this
Vonnoh, Bessie Potter, 1872-1955  Search this
Vonnoh, Robert William, 1858-1933  Search this
Walker, Horatio, 1858-1938  Search this
Watrous, Harry W. (Harry Willson), 1857-1940  Search this
Weinman, Adolph A. (Adolph Alexander), 1870-1952  Search this
Weldon, Charles D., 1855-1935  Search this
Whittemore, William J., 1860-1955  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948  Search this
Williams, Frederick Ballard, 1871-1956  Search this
Yates, Cullen, 1866-1945  Search this
Extent:
3 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1926-1927
Scope and Contents:
Transcripts and handwritten drafts of interviews of 86 artists and architects associated with the National Academy of Design, conducted by Lockman. Also included are a few biographical sketches.
Interviewees include: Mrs. Edwin Austin Abbey, Wayman Adams, Robert I. Aiken, Ernest Albert, Alonzo R. Beal, Edward A. Bell, Edwin H. Blashfield, Roy H. Brown, George E. Browne, Arnold Brunner, Alexander S. Calder, Carleton T. Chapman, Benjamin West Clinedinst, Alphaeus Cole, Timothy Cole, Irving E. Couse, Robert B. Crane, Charles C. Curran, B. Franklin De Haven, William R. Derrick, Louis P. Dessar, Thomas W. Dewing, Frederick I. Dielman, Edward Dufner, John W. Dunsmore, Jared B. Flagg, John G. Flanagan, August R. Franzen, Daniel C. French, Sherry E. Fry, Edward Gay, Cass Gilbert, Walter Granville-Smith, Chester Harding, Childe Hassam, Charles W. Hawthorne, William H. Howe, Henry S. Hubbell, William H. Hyde, William S. Jewett, Francis C. Jones, Dora Wheeler Kieth, William Fair Kline, Jonas Lie, Louis Loeb, Will H. Low, Edward McCartan, Frederick MacMonnies, Herman A. MacNeil, Gari Melchers, Francis Luis Mora, H. Siddons Mowbray, Raymond P. R. Neilson, George G. Newell,Robert H. Nisbet,
Ivan G. Olinsky, Willard Dryden Paddock, Walter L. Palmer, Arthur Parton, William McGregor Paxton, Ernest C. Peixotto, Joseph Pennell, Edward H. Potthast, Henry Prellwitz, Wilhelm F. Ritschel, Henry Rittenberg, Frederick Roth, Carl Rungius, Emily Sartain, John Sartain, William Sartain, Henry B. Snell, Robert Spencer, Egerton Swartwout, Douglas Volk, Bessie & Robert Vonnoh, Horatio Walker, Harry Watrous, Adolph Weinman, Charles D. Weldon, William Whittemore, Irving Wiles, Frederick B. Williams, and Cullen Yates.
Biographical / Historical:
DeWitt Lockman was a portrait painter, New York, N.Y. He studied in Europe, 1891-1892 and 1901-1902; a pupil of James H. Beard, Nelson N. Bickford and William Sartain; and was president of the National Academy of Design and records secretary of the New York Historical Society.
Provenance:
Lent 1973 by the New York Historical Society.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Architects -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.lockdewi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97774a547-8214-4bbd-b71b-7b7b317c6eb4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lockdewi

Lawrence Halprin : changing places : [exhibition] San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 3 July - 24 August 1986 / foreword by Henry T. Hopkins ; introduction by Helene Fried ; essays by Jim Burns [and others]

Author:
Halprin, Lawrence  Search this
Burns, Jim 1926-  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art  Search this
Subject:
Halprin, Lawrence  Search this
Halprin, Lawrence  Search this
Halprin, Lawrence 1916-2009  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art  Search this
Physical description:
152 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 31 cm
Type:
Biography
Exhibitions
Expositions
Biographies
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
San Francisco (Calif.)
United States
États-Unis
Date:
1986
©1986
Topic:
Landscape architects  Search this
City planners--Biography  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
City planning  Search this
Architectes paysagistes  Search this
Urbanistes  Search this
Architecture du paysage  Search this
Urbanisme  Search this
City planners--United States--Biography--Exhibitions  Search this
City planning--Exhibitions  Search this
Halprin, Lawrence--Exhibitions  Search this
Landscape architects--United States--Biography--Exhibitions  Search this
Landscape architecture--Exhibitions  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
SB470.H35H35 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_319193

Philip Newell Youtz papers

Creator:
Youtz, Philip Newell, 1895-1972  Search this
Names:
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Pennsylvania Museum of Art  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1920-1972
Scope and Contents:
Essays and articles by Youtz on architecture, architecture education, and museums; photographs of his architecture in the U.S. and in China; clippings; and an inventory of Youtz papers in the Michigan Historical Collections, Ann Arbor.
Biographical / Historical:
Architect, curator, educator. Curator of the Pennsylvania Museum of Art (1930-1932), director, Brooklyn Museum (1934-1938), director, Pacific Area at the Golden Gate International Exposition, San Francisco (1938-1939), and dean, University of Michigan College of Architecture and Design (1957-1965).
Related Materials:
Philip Newell Youtz papers also located at: Michigan Historical Collections, Ann Arbor.
Provenance:
Donated June 5, 1972 by Frances L. Youtz.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Architects -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Curators -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.youtphil
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ff74a69e-9c0d-43e0-a36d-3c47d9f76ae5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-youtphil

Moshe Safdie interviews

Creator:
Safdie, Moshe, 1938-  Search this
Interviewer:
Goodwin, George M.  Search this
Names:
Gehry, Frank O., 1929-  Search this
Kahn, Louis I., 1901-1974  Search this
Le Corbusier, 1887-1965  Search this
Meier, Richard, 1934-  Search this
Mendelsohn, Erich, 1887-1953  Search this
Neutra, Richard Joseph, 1892-1970  Search this
Schindler, R. M. (Rudolph M.), 1887-1953  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (sound cassettes (3 hrs.) : typescript summary (5 p.), analog +)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1992 Feb.1 - Oct. 17
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Moshe Safdie conducted by George M. Goodwin.
Safdie discusses becoming an architect; moving from Israel to Canada at 15, his family background; attending McGill University; the work of Erich Mendelsohn in Palestine; his relationship to Richard Meier; and the work of other architects, including Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Kahn, Frank Gehry, R.M. Schindler, and Richard Neutra; how being a Jew is central to his identity and his work; his significant buildings; critics' attitudes; clients' response; and 1992 projects.
Provenance:
Donated by George M. Goodwin in 1992.
Restrictions:
Untranscribed; use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Architects -- Canada -- Interviews  Search this
Architects -- Israel -- Interviews  Search this
Architects -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.safdmosh
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d7246ed9-8022-47a4-b2cd-ed049c3393f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-safdmosh

Alfons Bach Papers

Creator:
Bach, Alfons, 1904-1999  Search this
Names:
Bigelow-Sanford Carpet Company  Search this
Callaway Mills  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
General Electric Company  Search this
Heywood-Wakefield Company  Search this
Palm Trail Plaza  Search this
Philco Corporation  Search this
Ridgeway Center  Search this
Sach's New York  Search this
Seneca Textile Building  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Clippings
Aerial photographs
Sketches
Photographs
Plans
Proposals
Exhibition catalogs
Writings
Speeches
Awards
Scrapbooks
Certificates
Date:
1934 - 1992
Scope and Contents:
Biographical files cover the period from 1938-1989 and include resumes, clippings, correspondence, certificates, awards, speeches, brochures for exhibitions, and artwork. Project files cover the period from 1934-1961 and contain clippings, catalogs, brochures, and scrapbooks. This collection documents Bach's work as an industrial designer, architect, and painter from 1934-1992.

The files on the Ridgeway Center mall are particularly extensive. Photographs cover the period from 1937-1961 and document Bach's design projects, particularly the Ridgeway Center, his house in Stamford, and the Miami and New York offices of Callaway Mills. Portraits of Bach and his family are included as well. Glass lantern slides document of seven of Bach's interior and exterior design projects. Also included are several signed and numbered prints of Bach's watercolor scenes of the Riviera.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged chronologically within four series.

Series 1: Biographical files, 1938-1989

Series 2: Project files, 1934-1961

Series 3: Photogaphs, 1937-1961

Series 4: Glass Slides
Biographical / Historical:
Industrial designer, architect, and painter. Born in Germany, 1904. Bach studied film directing and design in Europe. He turned to industrial design upon immigrating to the United States in 1926. His design work from 1932-53 include a Philco radio, furniture for Heywood-Wakefield, carpets for Bigelow-Sanford, and appliances for General Electric. Bach designed and built his own home in Stamford, Connecticut, in 1938.

In the late 1940s, he developed a plan for one of the first shopping malls in America, the Ridgeway Center of Stamford. He remodeled the interior and exterior of Sach's furniture store, 1948-49, and redesigned the Seneca Textile Building on 34th Street in Manhattan in 1952. Bach moved to Florida in 1959, where he designed the Palm Trail Plaza, a marina apartment complex in Delray Beach, completed in 1961. In addition, Bach was also a noted painter. His watercolors were featured in numerous exhibitions in the United States and Europe.
Related Archival Materials:
431 drawings of designs for furniture, textiles, lamps, pianos, clocks, appliances, and retail, office, and home interiors.,Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Drawings and Prints Department.
Provenance:
All materials were donated by Alfons Bach in 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Industrial designers -- United States  Search this
Architects -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Design, Industrial -- United States  Search this
Display of merchandise  Search this
Furniture design -- United States  Search this
Radio -- Receivers and reception  Search this
Carpets -- United States  Search this
Interior decoration -- United States  Search this
Architecture -- Designs and plans  Search this
Shopping malls -- United States  Search this
Watercolor painting -- United States  Search this
Apartment houses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides
Clippings
Aerial Photographs
Sketches
Photographs -- 20th century
Plans
Proposals
Exhibition catalogs
Writings
Speeches
Awards
Scrapbooks
Certificates
Citation:
Alfons Bach Papers, 1934-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1272
See more items in:
Alfons Bach Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86cb7a712-7b15-4d1a-aa64-98e3e57e1c61
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1272

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site historic furnishings report : historical data

Title:
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site : historic furnishings report
Historic furnishings report
Author:
John G. Waite Associates, Architects  Search this
United States National Park Service Northeast Museum Services Center  Search this
Subject:
Vanderbilt family Homes and haunts  Search this
Physical description:
3 volumes : illustrations (some color), plans, facsimiles ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
Hyde Park (Dutchess County)
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site (Hyde Park, Dutchess County, N.Y.)
Hyde Park (Dutchess County, N.Y.)
Date:
2015
Topic:
House furnishings  Search this
Historic buildings--Conservation and restoration  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1054905

Lockwood House : Harpers Ferry National Historical Park : historic structure report / GWWO, Inc./Architects ; incorporating research and documentation conducted by Paula Reed & Associates ... [et al.]

Author:
GWWO, Inc./Architects  Search this
Paula Reed & Associates  Search this
United States National Park Service  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings) : ill. (some col.), maps ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
West Virginia
Harpers Ferry
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Harpers Ferry (W. Va.)
Date:
2006
[2006]
Topic:
Historic buildings--Conservation and restoration  Search this
Architecture, Domestic--Conservation and restoration  Search this
History  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_802004

Carrigan House (HS-25) : Lincoln Home National Historic Site, Springfield, Illinois : historic structure report / prepared by RATIO Architects, Inc. ; in association with H.F. Lenz Company, The Jaeger Company, Lawson Elser, Inc

Title:
Carrigan House historic structure report
Author:
Ratio Architects  Search this
United States National Park Service Midwest Region  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings) : ill. (some col., some folded), maps, plans ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Illinois
Springfield
Lincoln Home National Historic Site (Springfield, Ill.)
Springfield (Ill.)
Date:
2006
[2006]
Topic:
Historic buildings  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Call number:
F549.S7 C37 2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_808244

Burch House (HS-26) : Lincoln Home National Historic Site, Springfield, Illinois : historic structure report / prepared by RATIO Architects, Inc. ; in association with H.F. Lenz Company, The Jaeger Company, Lawson Elser, Inc

Title:
Burch House historic structure report
Author:
Ratio Architects  Search this
United States National Park Service Midwest Region  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings) : ill. (some col., some folded), maps, plans ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Illinois
Springfield
Lincoln Home National Historic Site (Springfield, Ill.)
Springfield (Ill.)
Date:
2006
[2006]
Topic:
Historic buildings  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Call number:
F549.S7 B87 2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_808264

Roulette House historic structure report / GWWO, Inc./Architects ; incorporating research and documentation conducted by Paula Reed & Associates ... [et al.]

Author:
GWWO, Inc./Architects  Search this
Paula Reed & Associates  Search this
United States National Park Service  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (in various pagings) : ill., maps, plans (some folded) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Maryland
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield (Md.)
Date:
2006
[2006]
Topic:
Historic buildings  Search this
Historic sites  Search this
Call number:
E474.65 .R68 2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_812621

Newcomer Barn, Antietam National Battlefield : historic structures report : 100% submission NPS project no. ANTI 66935 GWWO project no. 0317 / prepared by GWWO, Inc./Architects

Title:
Antietam National Battlefield, Newcomer Barn
Author:
GWWO, Inc./Architects  Search this
United States National Park Service  Search this
Subject:
Newcomer Barn (Sharpsburg, Md.)  Search this
Physical description:
156 leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Maryland
Antietam National Battlefield
Date:
2004
[2004]
Topic:
Barns  Search this
Farm buildings--Conservation and restoration  Search this
Historic buildings  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_761438

1992 ASLA Historic Landscape Preservation Symposium notebook : Monday, Nov. 9, 1992, Grand Hyatt Hotel, Washington, D.C. / provided by the American Society of Landscape Architects Open Committee on Historic Landscape Preservation ; prepared by the National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division

Author:
Historic Landscape Preservation Symposium (1992 : Washington, D.C.)  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
United States National Park Service Preservation Assistance Division  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. in various foliations : ill., maps ; 30 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
[1992]
Topic:
Landscape architecture  Search this
Historic preservation--Congresses  Search this
Call number:
SB469.23 .H67 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_453722

Yosemite Valley : cultural landscape report : Yosemite National Park, California / prepared for National Park Service, Denver Service Center ; prepared by Land and Community Associates in association with Jones and Jones Architects

Title:
Cultural landscape report: Yosemite National Park, California
Yosemite National Park, California
Author:
United States National Park Service Denver Service Center  Search this
Land and Community Associates  Search this
Jones and Jones Architects  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. (various pagings) : ill., maps (some folded) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Yosemite Valley
Yosemite Valley (Calif.)
Yosemite National Park (Agency : U.S.)
Date:
1994
[1994]
Topic:
National parks and reserves  Search this
Call number:
F868.Y6 Y655 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_489837

Lockwood House cultural landscape report : Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia / prepared by Heritage Landscapes

Author:
United States National Park Service  Search this
Heritage Landscapes  Search this
GWWO, Inc./Architects  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings) : ill. (some col.), maps (some col., some folded), plans ; 28 cm. + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
West Virginia
Harpers Ferry
Harpers Ferry (W. Va.)
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Date:
2006
[2006]
Topic:
Landscape assessment  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Historic buildings  Search this
History  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Call number:
F249.H2 L64 2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1002807

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