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Ida Roff Fick collection of Oklahoma Territory photographs

Extent:
272 Photographs
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1898-1902
Summary:
This collection contains 272 photographs and documents that were collected by Episcopal missionary and teacher Ida Roff Fick working in Anadarko, Oklahoma Territory circa 1898-1902. Most of the photographs are believed to have been taken by amateur photogarapher Annette Ross Hume (1858-1933).
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 272 photographs and documents that were collected by Episcopal missionary and teacher Ida Roff Fick working in Anadarko, Oklahoma Territory circa 1898-1902.

The photographs depict scenes in Oklahoma Territory, primary Anadarko region and features portraits of Wichita, Kiowa, Niuam (Comanche), Oklahoma Delaware people; daily activities; reservation schools; beef issues; leisure such as games. The bulk of the photographs depict the land allotment registration and auction process in 1901 when "surplus" lands were open to non-Indian settlers.

It is unclear if Ida Roff Fick only collected the photographs or if she photographed some of them herself. It is believed that most of the photos were likely photographed by Annette Ross Hume, with whom Ida Roff boarded with until her marriage in 1902. A handful of photographs in this collection are also attributed to other photographers including George Addison, Russell and Miller Co, and William E. Irwin, among others.

The paper materials in this collection include correspondence, manuscripts, clippings, and notes, circa 1897-1955.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Ida Roff was born in New York City on May 3, 1868. In the late 1880s, Ida Roff Fick graduated from Hunter Normal School and then traveled to Oklahoma Territory to work as a missionary and Sunday school teacher. She also taught the art of lace making to the Native women she worked with as part of the Woman's Auxiliary of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church. She boarded with Annette Ross Hume (1858-1933) On Dec. 18, 1902, Ida Roff married Henry L. H. Fick. Ida Roff Rick died on February 16, 1960.

The biography of Annette Ross Hume below is from the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma history and culture on the Oklahoma History Society website.

"Annette Ross Hume, Amateur photographer and clubwoman Annette Ross Hume, daughter of James and Catherine Darling Ross, was born on March 8, 1858, in Perrysburg, Ohio. Annette Ross married Dr. Charles R. Hume on December 27, 1876, and in 1890 they moved to Anadarko, where Dr. Hume was agency physician for the Kiowa, Comanche, and Wichita. Of five children, two sons survived, Carleton Ross and Raymond Robinson.

In the late 1800s, with the advent of light-weight cameras and less toxic chemicals, middle-class women enjoyed photography as a hobby. For twenty years beginning in 1891 Annette Hume photographed American Indians (including Geronimo and Quanah Parker) living near the agency as well as the settling of Anadarko after the land lottery in 1901. Her photographs, numbering more than seven hundred, add imagery to history as Oklahoma Territory transformed from reservations to towns and farm communities.

Before her death on January 19, 1933, in Minco, Oklahoma, Hume, a Presbyterian, was president of the Women's Territorial Synodical Society. Inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1930, she was a charter member of the Anadarko Philomathic Club, organized in 1899, and had served as president of the Oklahoma Federation of Women's Clubs from 1913 to 1915. She wrote An Historical Sketch of the Federation of Women's Clubs of Oklahoma and Indian Territories, 1898–1908, published at Anadarko in 1908."
Related Materials:
Other Annette Ross Hume photographs can be found at the University of Oklahoma; the Annette Ross Hume Collection at the Oklahoma Historical Society Research Center; and the Phillips Collection in Washington, DC.
Separated Materials:
This collection includes drawings and watercolors by children in the class of Ida Roff that are housed in NMAI's object collections under catalog #s: 23/1620 - 23/1623
Provenance:
Gift of Margaret Cronk to the Museum of the American Indian in 1962.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ida Roff Fick collection of Oklahoma Territory photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.217; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.217
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40a154da3-962e-49c0-b9de-18ba395837c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-217

American Indian Program

Container:
Box 16 of 27
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-002, National Museum of American History, Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Exhibition Records / Box 16
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-002-refidd1e4969

American Indian Sacred Objects, Skeletal Remains, Restoration, Reburial

Container:
Box 16 of 27
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-002, National Museum of American History, Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Exhibition Records / Box 16
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-002-refidd1e5359

Objects: Native American Images, Indian School and National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI)/NMAH

Container:
Box 12 of 27
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-002, National Museum of American History, Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Exhibition Records / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-002-refidd1e3765

Bibliography from Handbook on North American Indians

Container:
Box 16 of 27
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-002, National Museum of American History, Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Exhibition Records / Box 16
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-002-refidd1e5512

Bibliography from Rayna Green, American Indian Program

Container:
Box 16 of 27
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-002, National Museum of American History, Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Exhibition Records / Box 16
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-002-refidd1e5523

"A Scaffold Burial"

Creator:
Pomarede, Leon de  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
ca 1851
Scope and Contents:
Upper Missouri Valley subject.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.44189 A
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Pomarede, Leon de
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33d5d675b-7dd8-447c-bc8c-c09e7d85d2f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12214

[Scaffold burial]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Remains have been wrapped and placed within a travois basket.
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.275 B
Topic:
scaffold burial -- American Indian  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33aa6e2fd-54a6-4607-8f84-653ec001cfdd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12350

[Title page of facsimile copy of an account of the Catawba Nation]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
From James Adair's "History of American Indians"
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.3816 A
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw317dd7880-2930-48f5-8100-ef18df6dc3d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12716

[Page from facsimile copy of an account of the Catawba Nation]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
From James Adair's "History of American Indians"
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.3816 B
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37fe25c9c-c442-4bfa-bd41-17ac24c9a324
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12717

[Page from facsimile copy of an account of the Catawba Nation]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
From James Adair's "History of American Indians"
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.3816 C
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35788e3d8-4221-4cdb-ade2-02bb1f74a6ea
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12718

[Page from facsimile copy of an account of the Catawba Nation]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
From James Adair's "History of American Indians"
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.3816 D
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ea2c4870-c1ab-4d5c-9c2d-9f62b2543cee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12719

"Transporting the Wounded"

Engraver:
Wagstaff, C. E.  Search this
Andrews, J.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (6 1/2x8 1/4 in)
Culture:
American Indian -- Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1852
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.2860 II
Local Note:
While at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, 1842-1848, Eastman did an oil of this subject (McDermott, page 60) but the canvas has never been located (op. cit., page 61).
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Wagstaff, C. E.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw353bc47d3-135e-4dd2-85cd-a45ffa3c5493
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref6580

"The Ghost Gamble"

Creator:
T. Sinclair & Son, Lithographers, Phila  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Lithograph by T. Sinclair & Sons, Pennsylvania. Indian women playing the game of plum stones.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.2860 HH 1
Local Note:
"This [game] is played with marked wild-plum stones. So far as ascertained it is peculiar to the Sioux." - page 195.
Black and white copy negative
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / T. Sinclair & Son, Lithographers, Phila
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ce72c42a-eee0-4bdd-8abe-cc2659d47e3c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref7804

Mohawk man, Joseph Brant

Creator:
Peale, C. W.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Mohawk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.9386000

OPPS NEG.963 A 5
Local Note:
Black and white copy film negative
Topic:
Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Peale, C. W.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31b51e008-c273-4670-aef5-db4627b1ca0b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9347

Blackfoot man, Ground, or Suc-k-wim

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, General  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1924
Biographical / Historical:
Identified as Ground by John C. Ewers, Senior Ethnologist, SI Department of Anthropology, by comparison with photo of portrait of Ground and his wife by Winold Reiss, painted in 1927. At that time their ages were given in the catalog ("American Indian Portraits by Winold Reiss in the Belmaison Galleries beginning April 14, 1928") are 92 for Ground and 73 for "Nosy" (see entry Number 26 of "Old Man Ground Medicine and his wife").

Negative found in envelope marked: "Taken on Western Trip, 1924. Apparently same man as in Blackfoot Negative Number 430-h.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10001047

OPPS NEG.55539
Local Note:
Black and white original film negative
Topic:
Blackfeet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Scott, Hugh Lenox, General
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw328f0377c-a7f2-4644-942c-8b246bc4827b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9974

Blackfoot man, Ground, or Suc-k-wim and wife with nose cut off (Old Nosy)

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, General  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1924
Biographical / Historical:
Identified as Ground and Rosy ("Nosy") Ground by John C. Ewers, Senior Ethnologist, SI Department of Anthropology, by comparison with photo of portrait of Ground and his wife by Winold Reiss, painted in 1927. At that time their ages were given in the catalog ("American Indian Portraits by Winold Reiss in the Belmaison Galleries beginning April 14, 1928") are 92 for Ground and 73 for "Nosy" (see entry Number 26 of "Old Man Ground Medicine and his wife"). "Nosy" Ground was the last Blackfoot woman known to Ewers to have her nose cut off for infidelity. (This took place long before her marriage to Ground.)

Negative found in envelope marked: "Taken on Western Trip, 1924. Apparently same couple as Blackfoot Negative Number 430-h; therefore classified as Blackfoot.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10001048

OPPS NEG.55540
Local Note:
Black and white original film negative
Topic:
Blackfeet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Scott, Hugh Lenox, General
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3441d50fd-e2e5-4d2b-bfe0-a2efce98ad3d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9975

Blackfoot man, Ground, or Suc-k-wim and wife with nose cut off (Old Nosy)

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, General  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1924
Biographical / Historical:
Identified as Ground and Rosy ("Nosy") Ground by John C. Ewers, Senior Ethnologist, SI Department of Anthropology, by comparison with photo of portrait of Ground and his wife by Winold Reiss, painted in 1927. At that time their ages were given in the catalog ("American Indian Portraits by Winold Reiss in the Belmaison Galleries beginning April 14, 1928") are 92 for Ground and 73 for "Nosy" (see entry Number 26 of "Old Man Ground Medicine and his wife"). "Nosy" Ground was the last Blackfoot woman known to Ewers to have her nose cut off for infidelity. (This took place long before her marriage to Ground.)

Negative found in envelope marked: "Taken on Western Trip, 1924. Apparently same couple as Blackfoot Negative Number 430-h; therefore classified as Blackfoot.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10001049

OPPS NEG.55541
Local Note:
Black and white original film negative
Topic:
Blackfeet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Scott, Hugh Lenox, General
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d4ffaa78-0914-4324-b370-74af904dd7a3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9976

Blackfoot man, Ground, or Suc-k-wim and wife with nose cut off (Old Nosy)

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, General  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1924
Biographical / Historical:
Identified as Ground and Rosy ("Nosy") Ground by John C. Ewers, Senior Ethnologist, SI Department of Anthropology, by comparison with photo of portrait of Ground and his wife by Winold Reiss, painted in 1927. At that time their ages were given in the catalog ("American Indian Portraits by Winold Reiss in the Belmaison Galleries beginning April 14, 1928") are 92 for Ground and 73 for "Nosy" (see entry Number 26 of "Old Man Ground Medicine and his wife"). "Nosy" Ground was the last Blackfoot woman known to Ewers to have her nose cut off for infidelity. (This took place long before her marriage to Ground.)

Negative found in envelope marked: "Taken on Western Trip, 1924. Apparently same couple as Blackfoot Negative Number 430-h; therefore classified as Blackfoot.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10001050

OPPS NEG.55542
Local Note:
Black and white original film negative
Topic:
Blackfeet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Scott, Hugh Lenox, General
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3203476b6-2c40-42cd-b7df-9d6c54a44106
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9977

MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography

Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
41.29 Linear feet (22 boxes, 29 folders, 3 mounted drawings, and 3 rolled items)
Note:
Some materials, especially in series 3, are stored in the NAA artwork collection.
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pictographs
Place:
Oceania
Date:
1849-1902
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was an ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology who focused primarily on Native American sign language and pictography. This collection reflects Mallery's research interests and methods. Much of the collection is comprised of correspondence and notes relating to sign language and pictography and is organized chiefly by either the cultural or geographic region to which the material belongs. Bound volumes of several of his publications are included, along with annotated draft copies from collaborators. In the case of Mallery's work on pictography, the collection includes several oversize items including original works and reproductions.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Garrick Mallery's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist and is largely comprised of correspondence and preparatory materials for publications on Native American sign language and pictography. The geographic scope of the material is chiefly the present-day United States and Canada, though other areas of the world are represented less comprehensively. Correspondence and research notes include verbal descriptions of signs, sometimes with illustrations included. Bound volumes of Mallery's publications are included, along with annotations from collaborators. In addition, this collection includes notecards, drawings, illustrations, photographs, articles, and art objects. Art objects (mostly oversize) deal chiefly with Dakota winter counts and other artifacts.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 3 series: 1) Research Notes, undated; 2) Materials on Sign Language, 1843-1849, 1873-1894; 3) Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs, 1849-1902, undated
Biographical Note:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania and practiced law in Philadelphia from 1853 until the outbreak of the American Civil War. While serving in the army, he became interested in Native American sign language and pictography, perhaps while performing his duties in frontier areas. After retiring from the military in 1879, Mallery was appointed to the newly created Bureau of American Ethnology as one of its first ethnologists. In his work with the Bureau, Mallery pioneered the study of sign language and pictographs, examining them as a universal human phenomenon with a direct link to spoken language.

In his work, Mallery collected and examined sign language vocabulary from Native American groups throughout the U.S. and Canada and regularly solicited contributions from collaborators. He also related his findings to examples from the wider world, comparing the formation of Native American signs to those in other areas by hearing individuals and by the deaf. Mallery completed several publications on the topic throughout the 1880s, notably Introduction to the Study of Sign language Among the North American Indians (1880), A Collection of Gesture- Signs and Signals of the North American Indians (1880), and "Sign-language among North American Indians Compared with that Among other People and Deaf-mutes," which appeared in the BAE 1st Annual Report (1881).

While most widely known for his work with sign language, Mallery also undertook extensive research into Native American pictography. Like his work with sign language, he both conducted original research and solicited assistance from collaborators. He was especially interested in the representational images in Dakota winter counts and petroglyphs in the United States and throughout the world.

Sources Consulted

Fletcher, Robert. "Garrick Mallery, President of the Philosophical Society of Washington, in 1888." In Brief Memoirs of Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A., Who Died October 24, 1894, 3-8. Washington: Judd & Detweiler, 1895.

Fletcher, Robert. "Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A." American Anthropologist 8, no. 2 (1895): 79-80.

Chronology

1831 -- Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on April 25

1850 -- Graduates Yale College

1853 -- Earns LL. B. from the University of Pennsylvania Admitted to the Pennsylvania bar

1853-1861 -- Practices law in Philadelphia

1861 -- Enters the volunteer army of the United States

1862 -- Severely wounded in the battle of Peach Orchard, Virginia Captured and held prisoner at Libby prison in Richmond, Virginia

1866 -- Completes service with volunteer army of the United States Accepts commission in regular army of the United States

1870 -- Marries Helen W. Wyckoff

1879 -- Retires from the United States army due to disability Appointed to the Bureau of American Ethnology

1880 -- Publishes Introduction to the Study of Sign-Language Among the North American Indians as Illustrating the Gesture-Speech of Mankind and A Collection of Gesture-Signs and Signals of the North American Indians With Some Comparisons

1881 -- Publishes "Sign Language Among North American Indians, Compared with that Among Other Peoples and Deaf-Mutes"

1894 -- Dies after a short illness in Washington, D.C., on October 24
Related Materials:
See MS 2322 A collection of gesture-signs and signals of the North American Indians for more of Garrick Mallery's work on sign language.
Provenance:
MS 2372 was transferred from the Bureau of Ethnology Archives to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives with the merger of the BAE and the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History in 1965. The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives was renamed the National Anthropological Archives in 1968.
Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Picture-writing  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs
Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2372
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw367638eb8-dce6-4d4e-bea5-2204e49134ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2372
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