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Oral history interview with Frank Romero, 1997 January 17-March 2

Interviewee:
Romero, Frank, 1941-  Search this
Romero, Frank, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Mugnaini, Joseph A.  Search this
Rocha, Roberto de la  Search this
Sanchez Luján, Gilbert  Search this
Sheets, Millard  Search this
Voulkos, Peter  Search this
Four (Art group)  Search this
Otis Art Institute  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Street art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13587
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216102
AAA_collcode_romero97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216102
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Frank Romero

Interviewee:
Romero, Frank  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Los Four (Art group)  Search this
Otis Art Institute -- Students  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Mugnaini, Joseph A.  Search this
Rocha, Roberto de la  Search this
Sanchez Luján, Gilbert  Search this
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Voulkos, Peter, 1924-2002  Search this
Extent:
99 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 January 17-March 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Frank Romero conducted 1997 January 17-March 2, by Jeffrey Rangel, for the Archives of American Art, in Romero's studio, in Los Angeles, Calif.
Romero discusses his growing up in East Los Angeles and his large extended family; his earliest art studies in the public schools; attending the Otis Art Institute where he studied with Joe Mugnaini and had contact with Millard Sheets and Peter Voulkos; the "very polyglut culture" of East Los Angeles; the influences of television, western movies, rock-and-roll, and rhythm and blues on his early musical/artistic taste; time spent in New York; returning to Los Angeles in 1969; and his marriage and family.
He describes his move into Carlos Almaraz's house which became the informal meeting place of the artist group Los Four (Almaraz, Romero, Gilbert Sanchez Lujan, and Roberto "Beto" de la Rocha); the Los Four show at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1974; and the stylistic aesthetics of Los Four.
Romero describes the "boys club" nature of Chicano art centers; his contributions to the Chicano art movement; his relationship to the Chicano/Mexican culture and mainstream U.S. culture; murals done by members of Los Four for the Inner City Mural Program; his work for the Metropolitan Transit Authority; the Murals of Aztlan exhibit in 1981 at the Craft and Folk Art Museum; and his shows at the ARCO Center for the Visual Arts. He concludes with his assessment of the Chicano arts movement, the relationship between economic and art cycles, and the role of the more established artists to those of a younger generation.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Romero (1941- ) is a painter from Los Angeles, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 27 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Pool Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Street art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.romero97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-romero97

Oral history interview with Rupert Garcia, 1995 Sept. 7-1996 June 24

Interviewee:
Garcia, Rupert, 1941-  Search this
Garcia, Rupert, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Montoya, Malaquias  Search this
Four (Art group)  Search this
San Francisco State University  Search this
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Chicano artists  Search this
Painters -- California -- San Francisco -- Interviews  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13572
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215906
AAA_collcode_garcia95
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215906
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mel Casas, 1996 August 14 and 16

Interviewee:
Casas, Mel, 1929-2014  Search this
Casas, Mel, 1929-2014  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
San Antonio College  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- Texas -- San Antonio -- Interviews  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Chicano art  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5449
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216023
AAA_collcode_casas96
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216023
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Gilbert Sanchez Lujan, 1997 Nov. 7-17

Interviewee:
Luján, Gilbert Sánchez, 1940-2011  Search this
Luján, Gilbert Sánchez, 1940-2011  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Rocha, Roberto de la  Search this
Romero, Frank  Search this
Four (Art group)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- La Mesa -- Interviews  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13580
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216354
AAA_collcode_lujan97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216354
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Carlos Almaraz, 1986 February 6-1987 January 29

Interviewee:
Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989  Search this
Interviewer:
Nieto, Margarita  Search this
Subject:
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Mexican American art  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Street art  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5409
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216420
AAA_collcode_almara86
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216420
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Elsa Flores, 1997 Feb. 18-Apr. 30

Interviewee:
Flores, Elsa, 1955-  Search this
Flores, Elsa, 1955-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13559
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216421
AAA_collcode_flores97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216421
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Barbara Carrasco, 1999 April 13-26

Interviewee:
Carrasco, Barbara, 1955-  Search this
Carrasco, Barbara, 1955-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Chavez, Cesar  Search this
Gamboa, Harry  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Valadez, John  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles  Search this
University of California, San Francisco. School of Fine Arts  Search this
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Women artists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5447
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216606
AAA_collcode_carras99
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216606
Online Media:

Fidel Danieli papers, 1962-1987

Creator:
Danieli, Fidel, 1938-1988  Search this
Danieli, Fidel, 1938-1988  Search this
Subject:
Saar, Betye  Search this
Rosenthal, Rachel  Search this
Smith, Alexis  Search this
Pettibone, Richard  Search this
McLaughlin, John  Search this
Plagens, Peter  Search this
Pettibone, Shirley  Search this
Krasnow, Peter  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Lloyd, Gary  Search this
Langsner, Jules  Search this
Bell, Larry  Search this
Antin, David  Search this
Antin, Eleanor  Search this
Feitelson, Lorser  Search this
Delano, Annita  Search this
Berman, Wallace  Search this
Brigante, Nicholas P.  Search this
Bettelheim, Judith  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Graham, Robert  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10221
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213297
AAA_collcode_danifide
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213297
Online Media:

Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996

Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989  Search this
Flores, Elsa, 1955-  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989  Search this
Subject:
Four (Art group)  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5408
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214321
AAA_collcode_almacarl
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214321

Ankrum Gallery records, circa 1900-circa 1990s, bulk 1960-1990

Creator:
Ankrum Gallery  Search this
Ankrum Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Casey, Bernie  Search this
Caryl, Naomi  Search this
Block, Irving  Search this
Bauer, Richard  Search this
Andrews, Benny  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Hirshhorn, Olga  Search this
Herschler, David  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Groth, Bruno  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Duveneck, Frank  Search this
Feitelson, Lorser  Search this
Palm Springs Desert Museum  Search this
Lundeberg, Helen  Search this
Johnson, Buffie  Search this
Miller, Henry  Search this
Mesches, Arnold  Search this
Zev  Search this
Jackson, Suzanne  Search this
Homer, Jessie  Search this
Broderson, Morris  Search this
Ankrum, Joan  Search this
Secunda, Arthur  Search this
Schuler, Melvin  Search this
Varda, Jean  Search this
Shores, Kenneth  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Storm King Art Center  Search this
Staempfli Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
California Arts Council  Search this
Black Arts Council  Search this
Krannert Art Museum  Search this
Laguna Art Museum  Search this
San Diego Museum of Art  Search this
Paramount Pictures  Search this
Art Dealers Association of America  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Theme:
The Art Market  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6569
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215861
AAA_collcode_ankrgall
Theme:
The Art Market
Lives of American Artists
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215861
Online Media:

Modern Multiples records, 1970s-2017

Creator:
Modern Multiples  Search this
Duardo, Richard, 1952-2014  Search this
Modern Multiples  Search this
Subject:
Marin, Cheech  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Van Hamersveld, John  Search this
Zoell, Bob  Search this
Fairey, Shepard  Search this
Banksy  Search this
Garcia, Camille Rose  Search this
Bojórquez, Chaz  Search this
Hecho en Aztlán  Search this
Aztlán Multiples  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Topic:
Chicano movement  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)21684
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)398487
AAA_collcode_modemult
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_398487
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Gilbert Sanchez Lujan

Interviewee:
Sanchez Luján, Gilbert  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Los Four (Art group)  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Rocha, Roberto de la  Search this
Romero, Frank  Search this
Extent:
104 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 Nov. 7-17
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Gilbert Lujan conducted 1997 Nov. 7-17, by Jeffrey Rangel, for the Archives of American Art, in Los Angeles, Calif. and La Mesa, N.M.
Sanchez Lujan discusses his growing up in a rural community, East Los Angeles, and Mexico; how early experiences and changes in culture have affected his art and developed his interest in history and politics; his attraction to black culture and the relationship of art as a medium for inter-ethnic interaction where politics and human nature create divisions; his understanding of racial segregation and apartheid in California society; coming into consciousness as a Chicano; and his collaboration and the formation of Los Four with Roberto de la Rocha, Carlos Almaraz, and Frank Romero.
Biographical / Historical:
Gilbert Sanchez Lujan (1940-2011) was a painter from Los Angeles and La Mesa, N.M.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hrs., 42 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview provided by the Smithsonian Latino Pool Allocation.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- La Mesa -- Interviews  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.lujan97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lujan97

Oral history interview with Rupert Garcia

Interviewee:
Garcia, Rupert, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Galería de la Raza (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Los Four (Art group)  Search this
San Francisco State University -- Students  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
9 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (8 1/2 hrs.), analog)
166 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1995 Sept. 7-1996 June 24
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Rupert Garcia conducted 1995 Sept. 7-1996 June 24, by Paul J. Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art, at Rupert Garcia's home and studio, in Oakland, Calif.
SEPT. 7, 1995 SESSION: Session opens with a discussion of Garcia's exhibition, Aspects of Persistence (1993); the deaths in 1968 of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Marcel Duchamp; Garcia's self-conception and his two roles as political activist and artist; the influence on him of Sartre's "Being and Nothingness"; racism, power, control; his background and being a Mexican-American; need to establish ethnic identity; his realization in high school of wanting to become an artist; his lost opportunity for a scholarship at the San Francisco Art Institute; moving to San Francisco; enlisting in the Air Force and serving in Vietnam; ambivalence about war; experiences at San Francisco State University and his switch from painting to silkscreen; Artes Seis and Galerie de la Raza; artists in the Mission District.
NOV. 10, 1995 SESSION: Painting vs. graphic art; posters; Lucy Lippard; Chicano art; Los Four, Asco, and other artists groups and conferences; conflicts between San Francisco and Oakland groups; emergence of identity groups; Malaquias Montoya, Carlos Almaraz; making art from experience.
JUNE 24, 1996: Politics of culture; social progress; being optimistic but realistic; the Latino movement in the 1990s; Mexican attitudes toward Chicanos; the CARA exhibition at UCLA; Garcia's students at San José State; current work, interests and projects; interest in art history and other intellectual pursuits; and the art market, dealers, and galleries.
Biographical / Historical:
Rupert Garcia (1941-) is a painter and teacher from the San Francisco Bay area, Calif.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics, administrators. Funding for this interview provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Pool Allocation Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Chicano artists  Search this
Painters -- California -- San Francisco -- Interviews  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.garcia95
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-garcia95

Oral history interview with Elsa Flores

Interviewee:
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Extent:
11 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (60 mins. each), analog)
209 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 Feb. 18-Apr. 30
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Elsa Flores conducted 1997 Feb. 18-Apr. 30, by Jeffrey Rangel, for the Archives of American Art.
The interviews took place in Flores' studio, in South Pasadena, Calif., over four sessions. Flores discusses her parents' diverse backgrounds and her difficult childhood and adolescence; the development of her political consciousness; her involvement with Chicanismo; her interests in art, photography, and music, including being a member of California State University, Los Angeles mariachi band; her art, which she considers more biographical and mystical than ethnic; her use, initially, of a dark palette to distinguish her work from that of her husband, Carlos Almaraz, and changing to a brighter, more optimistic palette after Almaraz's was diagnosed with AIDS. She recalls Almaraz's energy and genius; his struggles with AIDS and his search for alternative healing methods; finding solace in Kauai; and his request to have his ashes strewn around Kauai at his favorite places. Flores comments on the difficult period after Almaraz's death; her devotion to their daughter; keeping Almaraz's work at the forefront of public awareness; and her own art career.
Biographical / Historical:
Elsa Flores was born in Las Vegas, Nevada. Her mother was born in Sinaloa, Mexico, and her father was of Arab descent, born in Chile after his paretns fled the Middle East. Elsa studied at the Art Center College, California State University, and the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts. Almaraz and Flores married in 1981 and their daughter Maya was born in 1983. They collaborated on California Dreamscape, a mural commissioned by the California Arts Council and is located in the Reagan State Building in Los Angeles.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics, and administrators. Funding for this interview provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Pool Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.flores97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-flores97

Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers

Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Names:
Los Four (Art group)  Search this
Extent:
7.9 Linear feet
7.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Date:
1946-1996
1946-1996
Summary:
The papers of painters and muralists Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores measure 7.9 linear feet and date from 1946 to 1996. The collection documents the careers of both artists through biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional files, personal business records, printed material and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painters and muralists Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores measure 7.9 linear feet and date from 1946 to 1996. The collection documents the careers of both artists through biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional files, personal business records, printed material and artwork.

Biographical material includes documents regarding Almaraz's death, identification documents, and a few photographs and slides. Correspondence is with family, friends, galleries, museums, and arts organizations. Writings include nine journals belonging to Almaraz and Flores containing travel notes, daily activities and personal thoughts, as well as writings on other topics and writings by others. Professional files document the Los Four group, projects, events, exhibitions, and memberships with arts organizations. Personal business records include legal and financial material along with records relating to Almaraz and Flores's house in Kauai, Almaraz's scholarship fund, and for Almaraz Studio. Printed materials include publications featuring artwork and articles by or about Almaraz and Flores. Original artwork includes sketchbooks, drawings, cutouts, and a watercolor.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1946-1994 (Boxes 1, 8-9; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1974-1996 (Boxes 1-4, OV 10; 3.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1972-1994 (Boxes 4, 8-9, OV 10; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1973-1994 (Boxes 4-5, 9, OV 11; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, 1974-1995 (Box 5; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1972-1995 (Boxes 6-7. 9, OV 10; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1975-1996 (Boxes 7-9; 1.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Carlos Almaraz (1941-1989) was a painter and muralist in Los Angeles, California. His wife Elsa Flores (1955- ) is also a painter and muralist. Almaraz and Flores collaborated on the mural California Dreamscape as part of the Chicano street arts movement.

Almaraz was born in Mexico City, moving to Chicago in 1942, and settling in Los Angeles in 1949. He studied at California State College, the Otis Art Institute, and the University of California in Los Angeles. He moved to New York City in 1965, where he studied at the Art Students League and New School of Social Research. In 1970, Almaraz returned to Los Angeles. He became active with mural painting within the Mexican American community in Los Angeles. Along with Gilbert Lujan, Beto de la Rocha, and Frank Romero, Almaraz founded the artist collective Los Four.

Elsa Flores was born in Las Vegas, Nevada. Her mother was born in Sinaloa, Mexico, and her father was of Arab descent, born in Chile after his paretns fled the Middle East. Elsa studied at the Art Center College, California State University, and the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts. Almaraz and Flores married in 1981 and their daughter Maya was born in 1983. They collaborated on California Dreamscape, a mural commissioned by the California Arts Council and is located in the Reagan State Building in Los Angeles. In the late 1980s, Almaraz was diagnosed with AIDS and died in 1989.
Related Materials:
Also found at the Archives of American Art is an oral history with Carlos Almaraz conducted by Margarita Nieto from February 6, 1986 to January 29, 1987 and an oral history with Elsa Flores conducted by Jeffrey Rangel from February 18, 1997 to April 30, 1997.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of sketchbooks and notebooks (volumes 1-78) lent for microfilming (reels 4578-4587). Loaned materials were returned to the donor and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Sketchbook and journal volumes 1-78 were lent for microfilming by Elsa Flores in 1991. Sketchbook and journal volumes 79-84 were donated, some by Carlos Almaraz in 1986 and the remainder in 1991 by Flores and microfilmed onto reel 4587, fr. 93-456. In 1997, additional papers were donated by Flores.
Restrictions:
The collection is access restricted, except for Box 8; written permission is required. Contact Reference Services for more information. Box 8, containing six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84) and slides are not restricted.

Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
Six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84): Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Microfilm Reels 4578-4587: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Contact Reference Services for more information
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Citation:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.almacarl
See more items in:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-almacarl

Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet (Boxes 1, 8-9)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946-1994
Scope and Contents:
Biographical materials include original and photocopied documents regarding Almaraz's death, yearbooks from the Otis Art Institute, calendars, curriculum vitae, identification records, information on AIDS, slides of Chicano murals by Almaraz, and a photograph by Max Aguilera-Hellweg of Almaraz and Flores in their studio.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is access restricted, except for Box 8; written permission is required. Contact Reference Services for more information. Box 8, containing six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84) and slides are not restricted.

Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
Six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84): Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Microfilm Reels 4578-4587: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Contact Reference Services for more information
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.almacarl, Series 1
See more items in:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-almacarl-ref1

Calendars

Collection Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-1988
Scope and Contents:
Includes two calendars, one annotated, that feature artwork by Almaraz and Flores.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is access restricted, except for Box 8; written permission is required. Contact Reference Services for more information. Box 8, containing six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84) and slides are not restricted.

Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
Six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84): Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Microfilm Reels 4578-4587: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Contact Reference Services for more information
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers / Series 1: Biographical Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-almacarl-ref10

Knapp Communications Corporation

Collection Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 25
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1984-1985
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is access restricted, except for Box 8; written permission is required. Contact Reference Services for more information. Box 8, containing six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84) and slides are not restricted.

Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
Six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84): Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Microfilm Reels 4578-4587: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Contact Reference Services for more information
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-almacarl-ref100

KWHY-TV

Collection Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 26
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1993
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is access restricted, except for Box 8; written permission is required. Contact Reference Services for more information. Box 8, containing six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84) and slides are not restricted.

Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
Six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84): Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Microfilm Reels 4578-4587: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Contact Reference Services for more information
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-almacarl-ref101

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