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[Trade catalogs from American Oil Pump & Tank Co.]

Company Name:
American Oil Pump & Tank Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Pumping machinery : meter pumps, gasoline pumps, kerosene outfits, air gauges, air-compressors, oil filters, tanks, nozzles, lubricating systems ... this comprises the uncataloged portion.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
18 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_43022
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_43022

Clayton Air Compressor Works Photographic Catalogs

Creator:
Clayton Air Compressor.  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Catalogs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Two albums of photographs of Clayton's machines.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Air-compressors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Catalogs
Citation:
Clayton Air Compressor Works Photogrpahic Catalogs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1056
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1056

Idler, Chicago Pneumatic Air Compressor

Physical Description:
iron (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 22 in; 55.88 cm
part:: 7 1/2 in x 9 in; 19.05 cm x 22.86 cm
Object Name:
Idler Arm
compressor
Credit Line:
Gift of Lews Newman
ID Number:
1995.0325.03
Catalog number:
1995.0325.03
95.0325.03
Accession number:
1995.0325
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-3595-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1175603

[Trade catalogs from American Chain & Cable Co.]

Variant company name:
York, PA  Search this
Company Name:
American Chain & Cable Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Helicoid Gage Div. ; Babcock and Wilcox Co. ; Acco Babcock Inc. ; AccoBabcock Inc. ; American Chain Division, Babcock International ; American Chain Co. ; Acco  Search this
Notes content:
Abrasive cutting machines, chains, compressors, cotter pins, cutalators, cutting tools, disk brakes, drill presses, hydraulic presses, hoists, hydraulic jacks, lifts, nibbling machines, sling chains, traffic tape, weed chains, welding rods, wire, wire rope, fencing, gage systems, gages, electrodes, mining equipment: mining chains, link and chain assemblies, connectors, flight bars, cable carrier chains and connections, conveyor, elevator chain and attachments. Hardware chain ; chain accessories ; chain assemblies ; Acco (brand name) ; "Helicoid" gages (gauges) for pressure, vacuum, and compound indication ; weed chains for cars, trucks, buses, and tractors...this comprises the uncataloged portion.
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
5 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Automobiles and automotive equipment (including trucks and buses)  Search this
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Measuring; calculating and testing devices  Search this
Pumping machinery and air compressors  Search this
Topic:
Air-compressors  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Barrels  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Calculators  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Motor vehicles  Search this
Pumping machinery industry  Search this
Weighing instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_20528
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_20528

[Trade catalogs from American Engineering Co.]

Company Name:
American Engineering Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Stokers, monorail and stationary electric hoists, coal-burning combustion systems, steering gear for ships and boats, refrigeration systems, boilers, paper mill engines, hydro-thermal grids, ammonia compressors, furnaces, transmissions, pumps ... this comprises the uncataloged portion
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Pumping machinery and air compressors  Search this
Topic:
Air-compressors  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Pumping machinery industry  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_43042
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_43042

air compressor model

Measurements:
overall - from catalog card: 4 1/2 in x 12 1/2 in x 8 1/2 in; 11.43 cm x 31.75 cm x 21.59 cm
overall: 4 in x 12 1/2 in x 10 in; 10.16 cm x 31.75 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
Air Compressor
air compressor model
Date made:
19th century
ID Number:
MC.325630
Catalog number:
325630
Accession number:
249602
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-729f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_847606

Pickering Ball Governor

Measurements:
overall-from catalog card: 30 in x 10 in; 76.2 cm x 25.4 cm
overall: 27 3/4 in x 13 in x 6 1/4 in; 70.485 cm x 33.02 cm x 15.875 cm
Object Name:
governor, steam engine
Place made:
United States: Connecticut
Date made:
1931
Related Publication:
Frank A. Taylor. Catalog of the Mechanical Collections of the Division of Engineering United States National Museum, Bulletin 173
Credit Line:
Gift of The Pickering Governor Company, Portland, Connecticut
ID Number:
MC.310290
Catalog number:
310290
Accession number:
115810
Serial number:
535755-B
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Bulletin 173
Engineering, Building, and Architecture
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-774a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_847474

Johnston Air Compressor, Patent Model

Inventor:
Johnston, William  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 3/8 in x 10 1/8 in x 9 in; 23.8125 cm x 25.7175 cm x 22.86 cm
Object Name:
engine, steam, model
patent model, compressor, air
Object Type:
Patent Model
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Associated place:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Date made:
1879
Patent date:
1879-11-04
Related Publication:
Frank A. Taylor. Catalog of the Mechanical Collections of the Division of Engineering United States National Museum, Bulletin 173
ID Number:
MC.308706
Catalog number:
308706
Accession number:
89797
Patent number:
221,318
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Bulletin 173
Engineering, Building, and Architecture
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-72a0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_847607

air compressor

Measurements:
overall - from catalog card: 4 in x 5 1/2 in x 14 in; 10.16 cm x 13.97 cm x 35.56 cm
overall: 3 3/4 in x 13 3/4 in x 6 in; 9.525 cm x 34.925 cm x 15.24 cm
Object Name:
Air Compressor
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania
Date made:
1870
Credit Line:
Drexel Institute of Technology
ID Number:
ER.315797
Accession number:
220797
Catalog number:
315797
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-0524-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1063781

Scrimshaw Sperm Whale’s Tooth

Physical Description:
scrimshaw (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in x 2 1/2 in x 1 in; 17.78 cm x 6.35 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
tooth, whale
scrimshaw tooth, whale
Credit Line:
Gift of Eleanor and Mabel (Marsh) Van Alstyne
ID Number:
DL.65.1135
Catalog number:
65.1135
Accession number:
256396
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Cultures & Communities
Art
Transportation
Scrimshaw
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-069c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_309395
Online Media:

Mining Journal

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
leather (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 3/4 in x 8 in x 1 5/16 in; 24.765 cm x 20.32 cm x 3.33375 cm
Object Name:
journal
mining journal
Date made:
1897
ID Number:
2016.0140.01
Catalog number:
2016.0140.01
Accession number:
2016.0140
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mining
Work
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-9354-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1807146
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Online Media:

Slide Chart, Quincy Compressor Selector

Maker:
Quincy Compressor Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .2 cm x 21.2 cm x 9.2 cm; 3/32 in x 8 11/32 in x 3 5/8 in
Object Name:
mathematical table
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Quincy
Date made:
ca 1941
Subject:
Mathematics  Search this
Manufacturing  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of I. Bernard Cohen
ID Number:
1988.3076.01
Catalog number:
1988.3076.01
Nonaccession number:
1988.3076
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Mathematical Charts and Tables
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-a463-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1213748
Online Media:

Double Acting Hydraulic Air Compressor, ca. 1908

Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 14 1/2 in x 12 in x 25 1/4 in; 36.83 cm x 30.48 cm x 64.135 cm
Object Name:
Compressor, Air
compressor, air, hydraulic
Date made:
ca 1908
Credit Line:
Gift of Jerome Klingfus
ID Number:
1985.0803.01
Accession number:
1985.0803
Catalog number:
1985.0803.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-a067-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_849590

Solomon Adler Papers

Creator:
Adler, Solomon, 1901-1989  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Cubic feet (5 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Printed material
Sketches
Photographs
Notes
Legal records
Drawings
Correspondence
Date:
1916-1980
bulk 1950-1966
Summary:
The papers document independent inventor Solomon Adler's work with sewing machine technology through correspondence, photographs, notes, drawings, sketches, patents, litigation records, and printed materials. The collection provides insight into both an independent inventor's process of invention and Japanese work culture during the post-World War II period.
Scope and Contents:
The papers include correspondence, photographs, notes, drawings, sketches, patents, litigation records, and printed materials, primarily documenting Adler's work with sewing machine technology. The papers provide insight into an independent inventor's process of invention and Japanese work culture during the post-World War II period.

Series 1, Personal Materials, 1920s-1950s and undated consists primarily of high school chemistry and biology notes, business cards, photographs, speeches, and writings of Sol Adler. The photographs contain one black-and-white portrait of Adler, November 1958, and two negatives of him from the nineteen teens; and one scanned copy of a photograph, circa the 1920s of Sol Adler with his children, R. Michael and Diane Zoe Adler. There is a small booklet, Agreement between Manufacturers Machine and Tool Co., Inc., and Amalgamated Machine and Instrument Local No. 475 from 1941. Adler worked for Manufacturers Machine and Tool Co., Inc.

Series 2, Inventions, is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1, Other, 1919-1980 and undated, and Subseries 2, Sewing Machines, 1938-1962 and undated. Arranged chronologically, both subseries highlight Adler's inventive work. While the primary focus of Adler's invention work was on sewing machines, his interests were broad.

Subseries 2.1, Other Inventions, 1919-1980 and undated, contains documentation in the form of drawings and sketches, photographs, correspondence, and patents. Overall, the documentation is uneven. The inventions include a dividing head (a specialized tool that allows a workpiece to be easily and precisely rotated to preset angles or circular divisions); decorative window treatment; telescoping umbrella; can opener; question/answer machine; correlating device; radio station recording device; receptacle tap; fountain pen; television projection device; combined ash tray and cigarette holder; automatic machine gun; juice blender; thermonuclear idea; apparatus for producing pile fabric; an extensible, retractable and concealable table; and textile machinery.

Only some of Adler's inventions were patented. However, many of his ideas were well documented through drawings or descriptive text. In some instances prototypes were built.

The question and answer machine, 1939, was approximately three feet by four feet and was powered by a battery, the device was intended for educational use by children and adults. It used interchangeable answer cards on a broad range of subjects and informed the user of a correct and wrong answer by lights and a buzzer.

The correlating device, 1942, was designed for automobile use, and it combined driving directions and maps on a roll of paper data mounted on the dashboard. Although patented (US Patent 2,282,843), the device was never manufactured.

The radio station recording device, 1939, was a device to maintain a record of radio stations tuned on a radio receiver during a twenty-four hour period using recording disks.

The receptacle tap (Siphon-It), 1939, was patented (US Patent 2,184,263). The Siphon-It was designed to fit any size bottle, can, or the like containing fluids without removing the bottle cap. The "tap" punctured the bottle cap and was then turned like a screw several times. It allowed the contents under pressure to not lose carbonation and be poured easily.

The combined ash tray and cigarette holder and lighter, 1951, was Adler's only design patent (US Patent Des. 163,984). Purely ornamental, the tray would light and hold a cigarette.

The automatic machine gun, 1952, was conceived of by Adler and his son R. Michael Adler. The drawings and accompanying narrative text detail a method for cooling the gun through the use of an automatically operated gas turbine centrifugal air compressor and a gun of simple design with few parts and capable of an extremely high rate of fire. Adler submitted his drawings and text to the United States Army Ordance Department at the Pentagon, but it was not manufactured.

Adler's thermonuclear fusion proposal, a technical paper written in 1960, was never realized. The paper, titled "Attempt to Utilize the Concentrated Magnetic Field Around a Pinched Plasma Column as the Focal Point for Particle Acceleration," details through text and schematics Adler's ideas about a thermonuclear reactor. Additionally, there is correspondence, journal articles, newspaper articles, and a notebook with notes from other publications and some loose drawings related to thermonuclear issues.

An apparatus for producing pile fabric (US Patent 3,309,252), was patented in 1967. The intention of the apparatus was to create a method for producing carpets and rugs in a fast, practical, and inexpensive way.

Adler's work with non-woven textiles and fabrics (see US Patent 3,250,655) is well documented through correspondence, drawings, notes, fabric samples, and photographs. Adler founded the Adler Process Corporation in the 1960s as a research and development organization specializing in the development of products for domestic and industrial uses. The corporation also built machinery for the commercial production of the products which included pile fabric (such as carpeting), non-woven fabrics, and leather-like material. A prospectus details the "Adler Process."

Method and apparatus for production of pile carpeting and the like (US Patent 3,424,632, 3,592,374, and 3,655,490)

Subseries 2.2, Sewing machines, 1938-1962 and undated, consists primarily of documentation about the development of the Pacesetter sewing machine and its predecessors through correspondence, drawings and sketches, photographs, guide manuals, and promotional materials. Adler constructed skeletal aluminum models to better understand the functions and internal mechanisms of sewing machines. Between 1940 and 1948, he designed and constructed a sewing machine prototype, which he called his "Parent Machine." The Parent Machine would become known as the Pacesetter. Seven patents were awarded for the novel mechanisms contained within this prototype (US Patent 2,561,643), the most notable being for a compact sewing machine that could expand to a full-sized machine. Additional sewing machine inventions include the needleless sewing machine; a zig-zag sewing machine, and an attachment for a zig-zag sewing machine (US Patent 3,016,030).

While working as an engineer for the Brother International Corporation in Japan in the early 1950s, Adler developed the Pacesetter sewing machine. This portable machine was designed to meet the rapidly growing popularity of multiple decorative and embroidery patterns. A selector dial, which Adler called the "Wishing Dial," controlled sixteen internal cams, multiple cam selectors and followers to automatically sew thirty different basic decorative stitch patterns. Since the Pacesetter could sew both zigzag and straight stitches, varying the width and length of the basic patterns made it possible to create thousands of decorative variations. Adler introduced the Pacesetter sewing machine at the Independent Sewing Machine Dealers Show in New York, July 18, 1955.

Series 3: Brother International Corporation, 1954-1959 and undated

Started in 1908 by Kanekichi Yasui, the Yasui Sewing Machine Company manufactured and repaired sewing machines. The company was later renamed Yasui Brother Sewing Machine Company by Masayoshi Yasui, the eldest of Kanekichi's ten children, who inherited the company. The new name reflected the involvement and spirit of cooperation of other "brothers" in the Yasui family.

In 1934, the Yasui brothers liquidated the Yasui Brother Sewing Machine Company and created the Nippon Sewing Machine Company in Nagoya, Japan. Nippon emerged in response to a Japanese sewing machine market dominated by imported products, and it began mass producing industrial sewing machines. In 1941, Brother Sales, Ltd. was established as a sales outlet for the Japanese market, and in 1954 Brother International Corporation (BIC) was created as an exporting company with offices established in New York City. The company actively promoted exporting in advance of other Japanese companies.

Adler joined BIC in 1954 as a consultant for their product design and development work. This work was previously done in-house by design and engineering staff, so Adler, an American, was charting new territory. The materials in this series consist of corporate histories, and annual report, correspondence, product literature, conference materials, and notebooks maintained by Adler. The latter constitutes the bulk of the material along with the correspondence.

The "conference" materials document a meeting Adler attended, presumably in Japan in 1957. The file contains detailed notes about product marketing and production factors. A flow chart for "product coordinating factors" outlines the motivations, idea sources, management control, and execution of an idea generally.

The correspondence, 1954-1958, consists of letters and inter-company communications (memorandum), patents and drawings between Sol Adler, Max Hugel and the legal firm of, Kane, Dalsmier and Kane of New York. The correspondence relates almost exclusively to patenting matters, especially by Adler and legal matters involving Singer Sewing Manufacturing Company alleging that Brother International infringed on certain Singer-owned patents.

The notebooks of Solomon Adler, approximately 1951-1958, consists primarily of materials documenting Adler's work in Japan on sewing machines. The materials were assembled by Adler and titled "notebook." Some of the materials are three hole punched (indicating they may have been in a three-ring notebook) and are both handwritten and typescript. Also included are chronologies of his work; translations of Japanese words into English; drawings in pencil on tracing paper; sketches in pencil on scrap paper and letterhead; detailed notes about mechanisms and methods of sewing machine operation; business cards; comparative data for sewing machines; and correspondence.

Of note is the "digest" or chronology of events from 1958 to 1959 maintained by Adler to detail the alleged patent infringement of BIC on Singer Sewing machine patents. The digest also notes the value, author of a document, to whom it was sent, date, and a brief description. Adler created a ranking system for his digest, assigning different values, very important, urgent, important, and general. He also compiled a chart of competitor sewing machines by brand name. Many of the Japanese documents--patents and drawings--bear Adler's "chop" or rubber stamp with Japanese characters for his surname.

The Litigation Materials, 1952-1961 and undated, consists of documents (numbered exhibits) assembled by Adler for use in litigation against Brother International Corporation (BIC). The exhibits were used as documentary evidence in court, and the materials are primarily typescript notes and correspondence, newspaper clippings, articles, technical drawings by Adler, patents, photographs and some product literature detailing aspects of the BIC sewing machines.

In 1958, Singer Sewing Machine Company filed a lawsuit against Nippon Sewing Machine Company for patent infringement by BIC's Pacesetter and Select-O-Matic sewing machines. Adler, on behalf of Nippon, conducted extensive patent research into the allegations, working with BIC attorneys in New York as well as creating new sewing machine designs to overcome Singer's claims. In 1959, Singer filed another lawsuit alleging that Nippon was violating United States customs laws by shipping automatic zigzag sewing machines to the United States, which were alleged to infringe on Singer patents. Correspondence related to this patent infringement can be found in Series 3: Brother International Corporation.

Adler returned to the United States in April of 1959 as the representative for Nippon and the Japanese sewing machine industry to help prepare the case and act as a consultant. BIC and Singer representatives appeared before the United States Tariff Commission (USTC). Adler officially testified on behalf of BIC, explaining the three angle cam structure difference between the Singer #401 sewing machine and imported Japanese sewing machines. Adler's testimony was successful, and with patent problems resolved, Adler resigned from BIC in July of 1959 and commenced a long negotiation with the company for financial compensation for his invention work.

Series 5, Publications, 1953-1967, consists of select issues of theNew Japan Sewing Machine News, which followed developments in the Japanese sewing machine industry and other publications featuring articles and brief pieces about sewing machines in general.

References

(http://welcome.brother.com/hk-en/about-us/history.html last accessed on March 24, 2011)
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Personal Materials, 1920-1950s and undated

Series 2: Inventions, 1938-1980

Subseries 1: Other, 1938-1980

Subseries 2: Sewing, 1938-1962 and undated

Series 3: Brother International Corporation, 1952-1961

Series 4: Publications, 1953-1967
Biographical / Historical:
Solomon "Sol" Adler is probably best known for his sewing machine inventions, but his portfolio of work also includes ideas and patents for a fountain pen, a window treatment, a receptacle tap, a telescoping umbrella, an ashtray, a retractable table, and jewelry designs. Adler wrote fiction as well (mostly short stories) that reflected his experiences during the early 1900s in New York City. He filled pages with themes on social protest, radicalism, mobs, unions, poverty, and sweatshop operators. In 1958 Adler wrote about theories of nuclear physics, noting, "Indeed a very bold attempt and definitely a long way from sewing machines." Adler's flow of ideas was constant, and he sought to express them constantly.

Sol Adler was born on July 8, 1901, [Russian?] on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, one of Isaac and Mindel Adler's five children. Isaac was a tailor, so sewing machines were part of Sol's life from the beginning. As a young man, Adler apprenticed in machine shops, honing his skills until he became an expert machinist and toolmaker; these skills eventually allowed him to build the machines he visualized. Adler's design drawings show his precision as a draftsman and engineer (he attended the City College of New York) and provide good insight into the drawing abilities that he later used in preparing patent drawings. Adler also enjoyed metalworking. His home workshop boasted a geared lathe, tilling head machine, drill press, bench grinder, and an assorted hand tools.

Adler's work on sewing machines began in the late 1930s with tinkering with his sister-in-law Bess's treadle-operated Singer machine. Bess wanted a lightweight, motorized sewing machine that had enough space between the frame and the needle for large projects such as quilts. Using his own basement machine shop, Adler began building simple frameworks for sewing machines to understand better the relationships between the parts and their functions. Adler's first sewing machine (which he dubbed the "parent machine") earned U.S. Patent 2,561,643, issued in 1951. The machine was a full-size home machine, with a concealed motor and power cord that could also expand into a commercial-size machine. Six subsequent patents for subassemblies were derived from the "parent machine" over the next several years.

During the Second World War, Adler worked for Manufacturing Methods Technology (MM&T) as a development engineer and experimental machine shop supervisor.

Analyzing the evolving U.S. domestic sewing machine market gave Adler ideas for further inventions, refining the machines and adding new features. Unfortunately, success was elusive; his machine with zigzag and straight-stitch capability was rejected by several U.S. and European sewing machine manufacturers. But in 1954, Adler met Max Hugel, president of the Asiatic Commerce Corporation of New York, later known as Brother International Corporation (BIC), a subsidiary of the Nippon Company. Nippon wanted to solve certain design and operational problems it was having in developing a zigzag sewing machine for sale in the United States. Adler joined BIC, moved to Japan, and succeeded in helping correct the design issues. Adler named the machine the "Select-O-Matic" because by turning a few knobs, an operator could select one of the six patterns that the machine produced.

Adler stayed with BIC until 1959, and worked on a variety of sewing machines, including an automatic zigzag machine and the versatile "Pacesetter," which was unveiled in the United States to great acclaim at the Sewing Machine Show in New York City on July 18, 1955 (a version of the Pacesetter is still sold by Brother). Additionally, he worked on a line of industrial and domestic sewing machines, home washing machines, home knitting machines, and other small appliances. Adler earned several Japanese patents for his work.

Among Adler's writings is a pronouncement of his passion for invention: "When an idea is conceived by an inventor, it never leaves him in peace, it possesses him day and night until it is expressed, after which he enjoys a sense of relief and accomplishment."

Adler married Fay (neé Kagan) in 1928. They had two children, Ralph Michael Adler and Diane Zoe Adler. Adler died on May 31, 1989 at the age of 88.

Issued United States Patents:

Receptacle tap (2,184,263)

Correlating device (2,284,843)

Sewing machine (2,561,643)

Sewing machine feed (2,473,934)

Bobbin winder for sewing machine (2,455,638)

Extension leaf for sewing machines (2,464,838)

Sewing machine feed (2,473,934)

Threading device (2,516,171)

Sewing machine pressure bar (2,554,970)

Sewing machine needle bar operating mechanism (2,554,971)

Sewing machine (2,561,643)

Sewing machine (2,709,978)

Attachment for zigzag sewing machines (3,016,030)

Sewing machine (3,053,207) assigned to Nippon Sewing Machine Manufacturing Company

Sewing machine (3,055,325) assigned to Nippon Sewing Machine Manufacturing Company

Method and apparatus for making non-woven fabric (3,236,711)assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Method for producing non-woven fabric (3,250,655)

Method and apparatus for producing pile fabric (3,309,252) assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Method and apparatus for production of pile fabric and the like (3,424,632) assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Combined ashtray, cigarette holder and lighter (Des. 163,984)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Home and Community Life holds artifacts related to this collection, including several sewing machine prototypes, the Siphon-It and the combination ashtray, lighter and cigarette holder. See Accession numbers: 2009.0118 and 2009.0114.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by R. Michael Adler and Diane Zoe Adler, September, 2009. Additonal materials were donated by R. Michael Adler in 2012.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Sewing machines  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Printed material
Sketches
Photographs -- 20th century
Notes
Legal records
Drawings -- 20th century
Correspondence
Citation:
Solomon Adler Papers, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1157
See more items in:
Solomon Adler Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1157
Online Media:

Pipes for cooling air in air compressor

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1920
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment. See repository for details.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 1: Historical Photographs, 1850s-1950s / 1.28: Refineries, 1872-1958
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref1088

Diary

Collection Creator:
Craton, Forman H., 1902-1983  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1932-1933
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Forman H. Craton Collection, 1902-1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Forman H. Craton Papers
Forman H. Craton Papers / Series 1: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0454-ref259
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary digital asset number 1

Diary

Collection Creator:
Craton, Forman H., 1902-1983  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1936-1937
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Forman H. Craton Collection, 1902-1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Forman H. Craton Papers
Forman H. Craton Papers / Series 1: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0454-ref261
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary digital asset number 1
  • View Diary digital asset number 2

Episode 344

Collection Producer:
Lodge, Arthur  Search this
Arthur Lodge Productions.  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Association of Manufacturers  Search this
Extent:
1 motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0507-OF0344
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1957 May 18
Scope and Contents:
New York Parents employed in scientific industries advise new high school on type of chemistry laboratory equipment to install and gather information on industrial scholarships. Parents Advisory Councils, Carle Place, NY.

Pennsylvania Large air compressors used to bring pulverized rock to surface in process of drilling for natural gas. Keta Gas and Oil Co., Indiana, PA.

Massachusetts Making burglar alarms using radar waves that detect movement. Radar Eye Corp., Natick, MA.

Texas Vince Genovese, U. S. Air Force baseball star, teaches sports to boys as a way to prevent juvenile delinquency. Samuels & Co., Dallas, TX.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Special arrangements must be made directly with the Archives Center staff to view episodes for which no reference copy exists.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees will be charged for reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Industry on Parade Film Collection
Industry on Parade Film Collection / Series 1: Motion Picture Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0507-ref663

Model, Air Compressor, North American O-47

Model Maker:
Ron Lowry  Search this
Materials:
Plastic, painted surfaces
Dimensions:
Approximate: 4.45 x 8.26 x 3.18cm (1 3/4in. x 3 1/4in. x 1 1/4in.)
Type:
MODELS-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1985
Credit Line:
Model by Ron Lowry.
Inventory Number:
A19860008001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9771a87b8-058a-4af1-9f2b-b81f95f3eed6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19860008001
Online Media:

Kugisho MXY7 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) 22

Manufacturer:
Dai-Ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho  Search this
Kugisho (First Naval Air Technical Bureau)  Search this
Materials:
All-metal monocoque construction
Dimensions:
Overall: 120 x 690cm, 545kg, 410cm (3ft 11 1/4in. x 22ft 7 5/8in., 1201.5lb., 13ft 5 7/16in.)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
Japan
Date:
1945
Credit Line:
Transferred from the United States Navy, R. Adm. A. M. Pride.
Inventory Number:
A19480180000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
World War II Aviation (UHC)
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9d3266051-ac2f-46d6-bed7-6d342f5a4f04
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19480180000
Online Media:

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