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Scott's official history of the American Negro in the World War : a complete and authentic narration, from official sources, of the participation of American soldiers of the Negro race in the World War for democracy ... a full account of the war work organizations of colored men and women and other civilian activities, including the Red Cross, the Y.M.C.A., the Y.W.C.A. and the War camp community service, with official summary of treaty of peace and League of Nations covenant / prefaced with highest tributes to the American Negro by Hon. Newton D. Baker ... Gen. John J. Pershing ... and the late Theodore Roosevelt

Title:
American Negro in the World War
Author:
Scott, Emmett J (Emmett Jay) 1873-1957  Search this
Physical description:
511 pages, 1 unnumbered page, 96 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1919
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918--Participation, African American  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Military participation--African American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1114274

42c Mary Church Terrell and Mary White Ovington single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4384a
Medium:
paper; ink / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 21, 2009
Topic:
Black Heritage  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Political Figures  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2009.2029.126
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8a57846b2-379d-4002-ab26-5ef1de13eb95
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2009.2029.126

42c J.R. Clifford and Joel Elias Spingarn single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4384b
Medium:
paper; ink / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 21, 2009
Topic:
Black Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Political Figures  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2009.2029.127
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8c0e53fbb-daac-4fa0-976c-ae553fa66743
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2009.2029.127

42c Oswald Garrison Villard and Daisy Gatson Bates single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4384c
Medium:
paper; ink / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 21, 2009
Topic:
Black Heritage  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Political Figures  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2009.2029.128
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm86ffa70cd-4a40-4758-a3b1-6fca3331b943
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2009.2029.128

42c Charles Hamilton Houston and Walter White single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4384d
Medium:
paper; ink / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 21, 2009
Topic:
Black Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Political Figures  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2009.2029.129
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm87b4451e2-5c0a-4b8b-9060-593fdbfe3c48
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2009.2029.129

42c Medgar Evers and Fannie Lou Hamer single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4384e
Medium:
paper; ink / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 21, 2009
Topic:
Black Heritage  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Political Figures  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2009.2029.130
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8a5a50a18-43c6-4700-b281-9372630165a1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2009.2029.130

42c Ella Baker and Ruby Hurley single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4384f
Medium:
paper; ink / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 21, 2009
Topic:
Black Heritage  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Political Figures  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2009.2029.131
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm896a7ee4b-adff-457e-b3cb-c70db51a8bb4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2009.2029.131

42c Civil Rights Pioneers pane of six

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4384
Scott Catalogue USA 4384a
Scott Catalogue USA 4384b
Scott Catalogue USA 4384c
Scott Catalogue USA 4384d
Scott Catalogue USA 4384e
Scott Catalogue USA 4384f
Medium:
paper; ink / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
February 21, 2009
Topic:
Black Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2009.2029.132
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm81a216d1c-32f3-4755-8bf1-ae9aa1303f92
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2009.2029.132
Online Media:

Dolores Huerta at California demonstrations

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Dolores Huerta, born 10 Apr 1930  Search this
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Sheet: 20.3 × 25.4cm (8 × 10")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1970
Topic:
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Exterior\Agricultural  Search this
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Dolores Huerta: Female  Search this
Dolores Huerta: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Dolores Huerta: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
Dolores Huerta: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Dolores Huerta: Society and Social Change\Civic Leader  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University
Object number:
EXH.DH.13
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a0f643ef-9595-4810-ae00-59fa470f83f4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.DH.13

Rutherford B. Hayes

Artist:
Eliphalet Frazer Andrews, 11 Jun 1835 - 19 Mar 1915  Search this
Sitter:
Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 4 Oct 1822 - 17 Jan 1893  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 76.5 × 64.1cm (30 1/8 × 25 1/4")
Frame: 100 × 87.3 × 12.1cm (39 3/8 × 34 3/8 × 4 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1881
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Indeterminable  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Male  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\Governor\Ohio  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Museum Purchase, Gallery Fund) The Corcoran Gallery of Art, one of the country’s first private museums, was established in 1869 to promote art and American genius. In 2014 the Works from the Corcoran Collection were distributed to institutions in Washington, D.C.
Object number:
NPG.2019.11
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
America's Presidents (Reinstallation September 2017)
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 210
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47221b288-ef35-451e-8e4e-36789cb62645
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2019.11

Abraham Lincoln

Artist:
George Peter Alexander Healy, 15 Jul 1813 - 24 Jun 1894  Search this
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 188 × 137cm (74 × 53 15/16")
Frame (Verified): 212.7 x 162.6 x 9.2cm (83 3/4 x 64 x 3 5/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1887
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of the A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, 1942
Object number:
NPG.65.50
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
America's Presidents (Reinstallation September 2017)
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 240
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49d5184a2-47a8-47b1-a90d-75441ecbefdd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.65.50

Lucy Stone

Artist:
Sumner Bradley Heald, 26 Sep 1835 - 07 Jul 1918  Search this
Studio:
George Kendall Warren Studio, active 1834 - 1884  Search this
Sitter:
Lucy Stone, 13 Oct 1818 - 18 Oct 1893  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 11.6 × 9.1 cm (4 9/16 × 3 9/16")
Sheet: 14.7 × 10.4 cm (5 13/16 × 4 1/8")
Mount: 15.8 × 10.9 cm (6 1/4 × 4 5/16")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1866
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Lucy Stone: Female  Search this
Lucy Stone: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Lucy Stone: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Lucy Stone: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Lucy Stone: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.77.347
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a2910c99-f219-4265-8e13-408d7faa718b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.77.347

Dashiki

Measurements:
overall, mounted: 31 1/2 in x 22 in x 13 in; 80.01 cm x 55.88 cm x 33.02 cm
part, dress, flat: 31 in x 33 in; 78.74 cm x 83.82 cm
Object Name:
Dress, 2-Piece
Other Terms:
Dress, 2-Piece; Entire Body; Main Dress; Female
Date made:
1970
Subject:
Women's History  Search this
Black power—United States  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
African American women  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Fath Davis Ruffins
ID Number:
1984.0826.02
Accession number:
1984.0826
Catalog number:
1984.0826.02
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Costume
Clothing & Accessories
Exhibition:
Girlhood
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-8f52-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_373625
Online Media:

Ethel Payne papers

Creator:
Payne, Ethel L.  Search this
Names:
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-  Search this
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973  Search this
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963  Search this
Kissinger, Henry, 1923-  Search this
Payne, Ethel L.  Search this
Stokes, Louis, 1925-  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Ephemera
Passports
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1960s-1980s
Summary:
The Ethel Payne papers, which date from circa 1960s to 1980s and measure .50 linear feet, document the career of journalist Ethel Payne. The collection is comprised of passports, badges, photographs, press credentials, awards and ephemera.
Scope and Contents note:
This small collection documents the career of Ethel Payne from circa 1960s - 1980s through passports, badges, photographs, press credentials, awards and ephemera.
Arrangement note:
The Ethel Payne papers are arranged into five series:

Series 1: Biographical Series 2: Correspondence Series 3: Travel Series 4: Photographs Series 5: Posters
Biographical/Historical note:
Ethel Payne, born August 14, 1911 was a freelance journalist and the first African American woman to become an international news correspondent. She covered issues pertaining to the political advancement and the social inequality among Blacks in America. An early crusader for African American civil rights, she remained a constant and vigorous political spokesperson in the fight to end racial discrimination. In her thirst for knowledge, and in her desire to share valuable information with the public, Payne, who would later receive international recognition for her endeavors, was dubbed the "First Lady of the Black Press" by the Washington Press Corps, of which she later became president in 1970.

While covering U.S involvement in the Vietnam War, Payne focused on the plight of the Black soldier and how issues, such as racial segregation and discrimination, remained relevant to life back home. In documenting the conditions of these soldiers, her aim was to "fully concentrate on the Negro effort," and to "paint an adequate picture of why they were in Vietnam." Later however, as a writer for the Chicago Defender, she remarked on her experience in covering the war as a failed attempt at reporting the overall immorality of it.

The daughter of a Pullman porter and a stay at home mother of 6, Payne, who desired to become a civil rights leader but was denied entrance into law school on account of her race, discovered her niche in journalism after being jailed for witnessing and questioning the brutal acts performed by a police officer on an African American man. After threatening to report the brutality to the press, she refused her approval for release, remained in jail and advocated for the liberation of the other detainees.

Her break into journalism came when she began organizing recreation and entertainment for African American troops stationed in Japan. In her diary, Payne transcribed accounts of the failed efforts of the U.S military during the war, which had later been published in the Chicago Defender. Despite the discrimination she encountered from high ranking officials in the U.S government, Payne was offered and accepted a full-time position with the Defender in 1951.

Along with her work as a Vietnam War correspondent, Payne became involved in various endeavors to move her career in journalism. During her time as White House correspondent from 1962-1966, Payne led the fight to end the segregation of interstate travel, immigration quotas, and discrimination in federal housing . Ethel was also the first African American woman to host network news by becoming a political commentator for the CBS aired program "Spectrum" in 1972. Persistently involved in international politics, Payne in 1970 completed a 10-nation tour of Africa with Secretary of State William P. Rogers, and a 6-nation tour with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger six years later. She covered several Democratic National conventions, and witnessed President Lyndon B. Johnson's signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Over her lifetime, she has received dozens of awards and honorable mentions for her political involvement and activism for African Americans, and her legacy continues to live on today. In 2002 the United States Postal Service honored Ethel Payne by issuing her a 37-cent stamp, and each year aspiring journalists wishing to gain experience on international reporting in Africa are awarded the Ethel Payne Fellowship.

On May 28, 1991 Ethel Payne died of a heart attack in her home in Washington, D.C. She is survived by close relatives, as she forfeited marriage and children for the sake of her work. She was commemorated as one of the 100 most influential correspondents by the National Association of Black Journalists, and remained, untill her death, a longtime advocate in the struggle to bring about change, and to correct the inequalities and racial injustices in the world.
Related Materials:
This collection contains artifacts catalogued in the ACM Ojects collection.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
Ethel Payne papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African American journalists  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
African American women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Ephemera
Passports
Photographs
Photographic prints
Citation:
Ethel Payne papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Avis R. Johnson.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-011
See more items in:
Ethel Payne papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-011

Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Project Collection

Creator:
Koenig, Ruth  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Articles
Business records
Newsletters
Diaries
Place:
Holly Springs (Miss.) -- 1960-1970
Date:
1964-1966
Summary:
Materials related to the Civil Rights struggle, voter registration drive in Holly Springs, summer 1964: includes diaries, correspondence, business records, periodical articles, newsletters, and ephemera.
Scope and Contents:
The Ruth Koenig collection includes personal and business correspondence, pictures, and various printed material. The collection is arranged in four series as follows:

Series 1: CORRESPONDENCE: letters to/from Ruth Koenig, "The Gang," and other people.

Series 2: BUSINESS RECORDS: organizational documents pertaining to "Friends of SNCC" and the Holly Springs Project and financial records. There is also a sub-series that holds documentation concerning SNCC, which includes press releases and Mississippi incident reports from 1964.

Series 3: EPHEMERA: two diaries written by Ruth Koenig, and transcripts of two Freedom Songs.

Series 4: PRINT MEDIA: issues of various independent and local newspapers including the Student Voice and the South Reporter; also clippings pertaining to the Mississippi Summer Project from national newspapers and magazines such as the Saturday Evening Post.
Biographical / Historical:
In 1964, the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project was established by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), an alliance of four civil rights groups: the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP); the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE); and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The purpose of the Freedom Summer was to develop a unified voter registration program in Mississippi to support the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) at the National Democratic Convention in Atlantic City. Furthermore, COFO hoped to attract the government and nation's attention through the help of hundreds of predominately northern, white students.

Lasting from late June to mid-August 1964, the Freedom Summer Project was closely followed by the northern media, and grabbed the attention of the New Left. Ultimately, the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project established a black political presence in the state of Mississippi, as well as organized various programs including the Freedom Schools and Community Centers.

Ruth Koenig was a 23-year-old schoolteacher from Schenectady, New York, when she volunteered for the Mississippi Freedom Summer in Holly Springs, Mississippi. She stated that it was the 1963 Birmingham bombing which compelled her to participate in the Freedom Summer. During her three months in Mississippi, Koenig taught at the Freedom Schools, signed new members for the MFDP, and helped to organize voter registration drives. In 1966, Koenig returned to Mississippi to observe the changes she helped to generate through her participation in the Mississippi Freedom Summer. Since that time, she has worked predominately in the education field, and has continued to rally for human rights, as well as environmental and peace issues.
Related Materials:
Ruth Koenig Papers [unprocessed manuscript collection], University of Southern Mississippi, McCain Library and Archives, accession number: AM01-114.
Provenance:
The Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Collection was donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1996 by Bernice Johnson Reagon.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Human Rights -- 1960-1970  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights movements -- 1960-1970 -- Mississippi  Search this
Political rights -- 1960-1970  Search this
Voter registration -- 1960-1970 -- Mississippi  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
State action (Civil rights) -- Mississippi  Search this
Race discrimination  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1960-1970
Articles -- 1950-2000
Business records -- 1950-2000
Newsletters -- 1960-1970
Diaries -- 20th century
Citation:
The Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Project Collection, 1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0558
See more items in:
Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Project Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0558
Online Media:

Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection

Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Names:
Freedom Singers  Search this
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Marian, 1897-1993  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Baker, Ella, 1903-1986  Search this
Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975  Search this
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987  Search this
Barry, Marion, 1936-  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Donaldson, Ivanhoe  Search this
Dylan, Bob, 1941-  Search this
Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding , 1898?-1980  Search this
Forman, James, 1928-2005  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Guyot, Lawrence, 1939-  Search this
Hamer, Fannie Lou  Search this
Height , Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Lewis, John  Search this
Moses, Robert  Search this
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Odetta, 1930-2008  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Reagon, Cordell  Search this
Robinson , Amelia Boynton, 1911-2015  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Sherrod, Charles, 1937-  Search this
Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Date:
1963-1964
Summary:
Recorded by Moses Moon (known at the time as Alan Ribback) and assisted by Norris McNamara during 1963 and 1964, the collection includes audio recordings of interviews with civil rights leaders and participants as well as free-style recordings of mass meetings, voter registration events, and other gatherings organized by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This collection provides a mostly unfiltered documentation of significant moments in the civil rights movement.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 115 reel to reel audio recordings containing interviews, mass meetings, demonstrations, and conversations concerning the civil rights movement, and in particular the voter registration drives organized by SNCC in Alabama and Mississippi in 1963 and 1964. Mass meetings were recorded in Greenwood, Mississippi; Americus, Georgia; Selma, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Danville, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; and Indianola, Mississippi. Major demonstrations recorded include the March on Washington in August of 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, Alabama in October of 1963, and Freedom Day in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in January of 1964. Interviews with SNCC workers include Julian Bond, John Lewis, James Forman, Bruce Gordon, Prathia Hall, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Bob Moses, Avery Williams, Willie Peacock, Bruce Boynton and his mother, as well as dozens of others involved in the movement, who are named in the collection inventory. Many of those interviewed were actively involved in strategizing and carrying out SNCC demonstrations and political actions, and many were victims of death threats, beatings, unlawful arrest, police brutality, and torture and abuse in prison. These interviews contain detailed eyewitness accounts and personal testimony regarding these experiences, as well as personal history and thoughts about the movement, the South, and the future.

It is clear from what we know of the dates and locations of these recordings, as well as from documentation of these events in other sources, that many of these recordings are unique documents of important events in American history, which may also contain the commentary of important political and cultural figures who were involved in the movement. For example, an article by Howard Zinn recounts how an unidentified man recorded James Baldwin on October 7, 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, on the steps of the courthouse. Baldwin was furious at the lack of support from nearby federal agents as state troopers advanced on peaceful demonstrators. One of the tapes dated October 7, 1963, originally labeled "courthouse interviews," appears to be this recoding, although Baldwin is not named. The same article (available in The Howard Zinn Reader) recounts the mass meetings which led up to that demonstration, at which actor Dick Gregory gave a rousing sermon as his wife sat in jail for demonstrating in Selma. The Moses Moon Collection may be the only existing audio recording of that sermon as well as many other sermons and speeches.

Moses Moon changed his name after these recordings were made. He is referred to in the finding aid as Alan Ribback because that name is used on the recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.Series 1 is in chronological order to the degree recording dates can be determined, and is based on the locations and dates provided by Moon in his description or gleaned from the recordings themselves and other secondary sources. Series 1 contains 17 groups of recordings.

Moon's original numbers are recorded in the column next to the descriptions. Following the first four Greenwood tapes, which are numbered sequentially, Moon's numbering system took the first two letters of the town in which the recordings were made, a one (1), a decimal, and then a tape number. Numbers preceding the town code refer to the recording day. "N" numbers were later assigned by Moon to the 7" reels only, after the original recordings were made, possibly during editing or when the tapes were made available to the Program in African American Culture.

Series 1, Original Tapes

1. Greenwood, Mississippi; Spring 1963; 4 7" reels

2. Chicago, Illinois; August 9, 12, 1963; 2 5" reels

3. Americus, Georgia; August 17, 1963; 5 5" reels, 1 7" reel

4. Atlanta, Georgia; August 21, 1963; 1 5" reel

5. Washington, D.C.; August 26-28, 1963; 6 5", 8 7" reels

6. Atlanta, Georgia; September 8, 1963; 4 5" reels

7. Selma, Alabama; September 29-October 7, 1963; 11 5" reels, 16 7" reels

8. Gadsden, Alabama; October 23, 1963; 2 5" reels

9. Jackson, Mississippi; Fall/Winter 1963; 11 7" reels

10. Greenwood, Mississippi; c. November 3, 1963; 3 5" reels, 4 7" reels

11. Danville, Virginia; 1963; 6 7" reels

12. Washington, D.C.; soon after November 22, 1963; 6 7" reels

13. Washington, D.C.; late 1963, or possibly during MOW; 10 7" reels

14. Hattiesburg, Mississippi; January 1964; 9 7" reels

15. Indianola, Mississippi; Summer 1964; 2 7" reels

16. Monroe County, Mississippi; August 1, 1964; 4 5" reels

17. Milton, Mississippi; August 16, 1964; 3 5" reels

Series 2, Preservation Masters consists of data DVDs for a portion of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Moses Moon was born Alan Ribback in 1928. During the 1950s until 1962, Ribback was the proprietor of the Gate of Horn, Chicago's premier folk music club, which featured performers including Bob Gibson, Odetta, Judy Collins, Joan Baez, Jo Mapes, Peter, Paul and Mary, Lenny Bruce, and Shelley Berman. On December 5, 1962, Lenny Bruce was arrested during a performance at the Gate of Horn along with Ribback, George Carlin, and others. As a result of the arrest and Bruce's subsequent conviction for obscenity, the club was closed by the City of Chicago, and Ribback left Chicago with Norris McNamara, an audio technician, to record folk concerts taking place in the South as part of the growing civil rights movement. From the spring of 1963 until the summer of 1964, Ribback and McNamara recorded demonstrations and mass meetings and interviewed civil rights activists, primarily those involved in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later, Ribback moved to New York and edited his recordings into an album called Movement Soul. Ribback married Delia Moon in 1971, took her last name and changed his first name to Moses. In 1979, Bernice Reagon Johnson, working with the Program on African American Culture at the Smithsonian, contacted Moon and borrowed the recordings of mass meetings for a 1980 program on the voices of the civil rights movement. In the late 1980s, Moon was stricken with a severe case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which left him paralyzed. Moon donated the entire collection of original recordings shortly before his death in 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The papers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are held by the King Library and Archives in Atlanta, Georgia; archives@thekingcenter.org.
Provenance:
Donated by Moses and Delia Moon in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American civil rights workers.  Search this
African American preaching.  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Project  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American student movements.  Search this
Folk music  Search this
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0556
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0556

Joan and Robert K. Morrison Collection

Creator:
Morrison, Joan, -2010  Search this
Morrison, Robert K.  Search this
Beirne, Barbara T.  Search this
Names:
Gold Star Mothers, Inc.  Search this
Peace Corps (U.S.) -- 1960-1970  Search this
Moore, Harold (Gold Star parent)  Search this
Moore, Irma (Gold Star parent)  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (20 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Transcripts
Photographs
Oral history
Audiotapes
Date:
1985 - 1987
Scope and Contents:
The collection is comprised of 139 audiocassettes (original copies only), 80 transcripts and tape summaries, and photographs (including some negatives). The transcripts and photographs also exist in single copies only, but they may be used with care by researchers.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in four series.

Series 1: Original Audio Cassette Tapes, 1983-1986

Series 2: Transcripts/Tape Summaries, 1984-1986

Series 3: Photographs, 1984-1986

Series 4: Reference Tapes and CDs, undated
Biographical / Historical:
In 1985, Joan and Robert Morrison conducted approximately 100 oral history interviews with a wide variety of Americans about their experiences during the 1960s. They also collected photographs of each of their interviewees—one taken during the 1960s and the other taken at the time of the interview. Portions of fifty-nine of those interviews were published in their 1987 book, From Camelot to Kent State: The Sixties Experience in the Words of Those Who Lived It (Times Books). Some of the new photographs, which were taken by Barbara Beirne, also were exhibited at The New School in 1989.

The interviewees include civil rights activists, anti-war activists, Vietnam War soldiers, Gold Star mothers, Peace Corps members, Weathermen, black leaders, and counter culture figures. Some of the narrators are members of the rank-and-file, others played leading roles. The in-depth interviews focus on three main questions: 1) What motivated you to act as you did in the Sixties? 2) What actions did you take and what were the results? 3) How did your experiences in the Sixties affect the way your life has developed since then?

Source Information taken from memo to National Museum of American History Collections Committee.
Provenance:
The Morrison's donated this collection of audiocassettes, transcripts, and photographs to the National Museum of American History Archives Center in 1989.
Restrictions:
Tape recordings not available for playback until researcher copies are made; researchers must use transcripts until then.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Some original interviews have restrictions; these have been withheld by the Morrisons' until they can get clearances from the interviewees.
Topic:
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
United States -- History -- 1960-1990  Search this
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- Protest Movements  Search this
Peace movements -- 1960-1970  Search this
Soldiers -- 1960-1970  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Portraits -- 1960-1970  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Transcripts
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Oral history
Audiotapes
Citation:
Joan and Robert K. Morrison Collection, 1983-1987, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0359
See more items in:
Joan and Robert K. Morrison Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0359
Online Media:

Don't Wreck the President's Civil rights Plan. Support it! D.C. Branch, N.A.A.C.P mass meeting flyer

Creator:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
Names:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
Collection Collector:
Whitehead, Henry P. (Prenton), 1917-2002  Search this
Extent:
1 Document (11 x 8 1/2 inches)
Type:
Archival materials
Documents
Fliers (printed matter)
Meetings
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1943
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Henry P. Whitehead collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
Genre/Form:
Fliers (printed matter)
Meetings
Collection Citation:
Henry P. Whitehead collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Michael A. Watkins.
See more items in:
Henry P. Whitehead collection
Henry P. Whitehead collection / Series 3: Tomlinson D. Todd / 3.7: Subject Files / National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-042-ref1904

The Case Against Landsburgh's Department Store flyer

Creator:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
Names:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
Collection Collector:
Whitehead, Henry P. (Prenton), 1917-2002  Search this
Extent:
1 Document (14 x 8 1/2 inches)
Type:
Archival materials
Documents
Fliers (printed matter)
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
October 11, 1945
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Henry P. Whitehead collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
Race discrimination  Search this
Department stores  Search this
Genre/Form:
Fliers (printed matter)
Collection Citation:
Henry P. Whitehead collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Michael A. Watkins.
See more items in:
Henry P. Whitehead collection
Henry P. Whitehead collection / Series 3: Tomlinson D. Todd / 3.7: Subject Files / National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-042-ref1905

D.C. Branch, N.A.A.C.P Mass Meeting (What Happened at Columbia, Tenn?) flyer

Creator:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
Names:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
Collection Collector:
Whitehead, Henry P. (Prenton), 1917-2002  Search this
Extent:
1 Document (9 x 6 inches)
Type:
Archival materials
Documents
Fliers (printed matter)
Meetings
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
April 7, 1946
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Henry P. Whitehead collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American churches  Search this
Genre/Form:
Fliers (printed matter)
Meetings
Collection Citation:
Henry P. Whitehead collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Michael A. Watkins.
See more items in:
Henry P. Whitehead collection
Henry P. Whitehead collection / Series 3: Tomlinson D. Todd / 3.7: Subject Files / National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-042-ref1906

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