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Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection

Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Place:
South Carolina -- Columbia
Date:
1896-1995
Summary:
The Dr. Matilda Arabella Evans Collection of documents how she broke boundaries as one of the first African American women physicians to have her own practice. The collection highlights her role as a physician and the great impact she had on the health and welfare of the African American community. The collection is comprised of educational material, business records, photographs, publications, and reference materials collected by and about Evans and her work.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been kept at the folder level and separated into five series. The materials have been ordered and organized based on the content. Within each series and subseries, the folders are organized as close to the collection's original order as when it was acquired.
Biographical Sketch:
Biography Dr. Matilda A. Evans – A2019.109

Dr. Matilda Arabella Evans was born in Aiken, South Carolina on May 13, 1872. Her parents, Anderson and Harriet Evans, were sharecroppers. In order to help her family, Evans and her two siblings did agricultural work for the Schofield family. Martha Schofield was an early advocate of education for African Americans and the founder of the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Schofield inspired Evans to start her educational career. She excelled at the Schofield Normal School, so much so, that Schofield led a campaign to raise funds for Evans to attend Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio. However, Evans left Oberlin College in 1891 to teach at the Haines Institute in Augusta, Georgia before completing her degree. Schofield and Alfred Jones, the Secretary of Executive Committee of the Board of Corporators of Woman's Medical College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (WMC) helped create the scholarship for Evans to attend WMC. She was the only African American woman in her class. After earning her medical degree, Evan was the first African American woman to be licensed as physician in South Carolina.

Evans' specialties included general surgery, obstetrics, gynecology, pediatrics, and hygienics. For the next fifteen years, Evans created and managed three medical institutions, Taylor Lane, Lady Street, and St. Luke's hospitals, all of which doubled as nurse training schools. She began by caring for patients in her own home at 1007 Lady Street. In 1901, she established the Taylor Lane Hospital at 2027 Taylor Street, Columbia, South Carolina. The hospital was the first African American owned hospital in the city of Columbia. Even rarer, she treated patients regardless of race and was known for her discretion and expertise. Using this to her advantage, she used funds from wealthy white patients to give free or greatly reduced rate care to African American patients. Around 1903, a fire destroyed the building, closing the hospital. She then created St. Luke's Hospital and Evans Sanitorium.

Evans had a special interest in the care and medical needs of African American children. She strongly believed that healthcare should be a right as an American and the responsibility of the government to provide healthcare for all. Evans created a health assessment and examination program that was later adapted and used by all of South Carolina public schools. She petitioned the South Carolina State Board of Health to give free vaccines to African American children.

Continuing her work in health education, in 1916, Evans created the weekly newspaper Negro Health Association of South Carolina and the South Carolina Good Health Association that educated the public on health matters including hygiene and nutrition. In 1918, Evans volunteered to serve in the Medical Service Corps of the United States Army, during World War I, to take care of veterans and their families. As Evans dedicated all her time to the Corps, she closed St. Luke's Hospital. She decided to leave the Corps after a year because of the racism and discrimination she faced daily.

Returning to medicine and breaking more barriers, in 1922, Evans became the only African American woman in America to serve as president of a state medical association, South Carolina's Palmetto Medical Association. She went on to become the regional Vice President of the National Medical Association.

Evans was dedicated not only to the health of African American children but their whole well-being. In 1926, she owned Lindenwood Park, a 20-acre farm. On her property, she created a community health organization, a community center, a swimming pond, dance hall, and café. All her community outreach programs were completely integrated and welcomed all. Evans established a free clinic in 1930 named the Evans Clinic Association of Columbia, S.C. It was incorporated by the Secretary of State in South Carolina. Evans adopted eleven children, seven had been abandoned after their delivery at her hospital. The other five children were her nieces from her sister who passed away.

On November 17, 1935, Dr. Matilda A. Evans passed away in her home in Columbia, South Carolina.

Timeline Dr. Matilda A. Evans

1872 -- Matilda Arabella Evans was born in Aiken, South Carolina to Anderson and Harriet Evans

c. 1880-1890 -- Evans attended the Schofield Normal and Industrial School

1890-1892 -- Evans attended Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio

1892 -- Evans left college early and accepted a teaching position at Haines Institute and the Schofield School in Augusta, Georgia

1893-1897 -- Evans attended the Woman's Medical College (WMC) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1897 -- Graduated with a medical degree from WMC and moved to Columbia, South Carolina. She created her own practice in her home on Lady Street

1901 -- Evans established the Taylor Lane Hospital, the first African American owned hospital in Columbia, South Carolina

1903 -- A fire destroyed the building and her practice returned to 1007 Lady Street, the location of her original practice

1914 -- Evans opened St. Luke's Hospital and Evans Sanitorium

1916 -- Evans created the weekly newspaper Negro Health Association of South Carolina

1918 -- Evans volunteered in the Medical Service Corps of the United States Army during World War I. St. Luke's Hospital was closed

1922 -- Evans served as president of the South Carolina's Palmetto Medical Association

1926 -- Evans opened a park and community center on her Lindenwood property for children of all races and ages

1930-1931 -- Evans established a free clinic, Evans Clinic Association of Columbia, S.C. It was incorporated by the secretary of state in South Carolina

1935 -- Evans passed away in Columbia, South Carolina
Provenance:
Aquired as a Gift of Leatrice Trottie Brown in memory of Dr. Matilda A. Evans
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Occupation:
Medicine  Search this
Topic:
American South  Search this
Education  Search this
Health  Search this
Women  Search this
Children  Search this
World War I, 1914-1918  Search this
Business  Search this
Race discrimination  Search this
Communities  Search this
Activism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2019.109
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109

Educational Materials

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Materials include report cards from Evans' medical education and a photograph of her at Oberlin College.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2019.109, Series 1
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref1

"Clinic Doing Good Work Among Negroes of City: Institution on Harden Street Comes Into Being When Need Made Evident by Great Outpouring of Children - Doctor Evans Moving Spirit in Venture."

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1931
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 2: Business Records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref10

The State of South Carolina Certificate of Incorporation By the Secretary of State Where as Dr. M.A. Evans, A. Simons and Willis C. Jones, of Columbia, S.C. appointed to supervise or manage affairs of Evans Clinic Association of Columbia, S.C

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1931
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 2: Business Records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref11

Photographs

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Materials in this series include photographs of Evans and her family as well as photographs of the hospitals she founded.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2019.109, Series 3
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref12

Dr. M.A. EVANS

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 3: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref13

THE FAMILY (rear) JOHN - ARTIE - MYRTLE - JESSIE (front) DR. EVANS - DOZIER - SIDNEY"

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 3: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref14

TAYLOR LANE HOSPITAL OPERATING ROOM

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1899
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 3: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref15

[St. Luke Hospital]

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 3: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref16

Nursing Staff at St. Luke Hospital

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 3: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref17

Extreme left front - Dr. Evans and Staff in front of St. Luke Hospital

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 3: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref18

Publications

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Materials include writings and ephemera related to Evans and the Evans clinic as well as a biography authored by Evans of her benefactor and mentor Martha Schofield.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2019.109, Series 4
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref19

Report card Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania for Miss M.A. Evans for 2nd year and 3rd year

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1896
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 1: Educational Materials
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref2

Martha Schofield Pioneer Negro Educator by Dr. Matilda A. Evans: Historical and Philosophical Review of Reconstruction Period of South Carolina 1916

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Date:
1916
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 4: Publications
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref20

A TRUE LIKENESS: The Black South of Richard Samuel Roberts 1920-1936

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1926
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 4: Publications
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref21

A Brief history of THE EVANS CLINIC 1235 Harden Street COLUMBIA, S.C. 1932

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1932
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 4: Publications
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref22

Photograph of Matilda A. Evans at Oberlin College

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1896
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 1: Educational Materials
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref3

Business Records

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Materials include licenses, certificates, and documents from Evans' medical practice.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2019.109, Series 2
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref4

Reference Material

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Materials in this series are divided into two subseries, Awards Ephemera and Research Material. The first subseries contains ephemera from events honoring Evans' legacy posthumously. The second subseries has photocopies of research material aggregated about Evans and her work.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2019.109, Series 5
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref47

Awards Ephemera

Collection Creator:
Evans, Matilda Arabella, Dr., 1872-1935  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection of archival material, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2019.109, Subseries 1
See more items in:
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection
Dr. Matilda Arabelle Evans Collection / Series 5: Reference Material
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2019-109-ref48

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