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Records, 1925-1949

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
North American Wildflowers  Search this
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
World is yours (Radio program)  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) 1872-1973  Search this
Goddard, Robert Hutchings 1882-1945  Search this
Mellon, Andrew W (Andrew William) 1855-1937  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel 1873-1950  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Radiation and Organisms Division  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
River Basin Surveys  Search this
United States Office of Scientific Research and Development  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Tamblyn and Brown Conferences  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
United States Works Progress Administration  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
Johnson-Smithsonian Deep-Sea Expedition to the Puerto Rican Trench, 1933  Search this
Conference on the Future of Smithsonian (1927)  Search this
Eighth American Scientific Congress (1940: Washington, D. C.)  Search this
Physical description:
78.75 cu. ft. (65 record storage boxes) (1 half document box) (90 3x5 boxes) (oversize materials)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white negatives
Serials (publications)
Maps
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Date:
1925
1925-1949
1929
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Depressions  Search this
Langley Medal  Search this
Radiation  Search this
Climatology  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000046
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Budget Records 1892-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence 1863-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Expedition History 1937 [National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Collect Living Wild Animals and Birds (1937)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216656

WASPs Binder: Pictures of Life and Training of the Women's Air Force Service Pilots

Creator:
Haydu, Bernice Falk  Search this
Names:
Avenger Field -- Sweetwater, TX  Search this
United States. Army Air Forces  Search this
United States. Army. Air Corps  Search this
Women Airforce Service Pilots (U.S.)  Search this
Cochran, Jacqueline  Search this
Haydu, Bernice Falk  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox) (1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Songbooks
Photographs
Date:
1942-1944
Summary:
This collection, compiled by Bernice Falk Haydu, a former WASP 44-7, contains original photographs, photocopies of photographs, class rosters, graduation data, copies of certification, a WASP songbook, an original Miss Fifinella color sketch by Walt Disney, and other related material. The photographs are all captioned with information from Mrs. Cliff Deaton, Chief Staff Executive Officer of the WASPs at Avenger Field, Sweetwater, Texas. The material has been grouped in a binder under the following subheadings: Avenger Field; Life on Base; Wishing Well: Flight Training School; Physical Education and Marching; Graduations; VIPs; and a Miscellaneous file.
Scope and Contents:
This collection compiled by Bernice Falk Haydu, a former WASP 44-7, contains original photographs, photocopies of photographs, class rosters, graduation data, copies of certification, a WASP songbook, an original Miss Fifinella color sketch by Walt Disney, and other related material. The photographs are all captioned with information from Mrs. Cliff Deaton, Chief Staff Executive Officer of the WASPs at Avenger Field, Sweetwater, TX. The material has been grouped in a binder under the following subheadings: Avenger Field; Life on Base; Wishing Well: Flight Training School; Physical Education and Marching; Graduations; VIPs; and a Miscellaneous file.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The WASPs Binder: Pictures of Life and Training of the Women's Air Force Service Pilots Collection is arranged in its original order.
Biographical / Historical:
The WASPs (Women's Airforce Service Pilots) learned to fly US Army Air Corps aircraft during WWII. Jacqueline Cochran was director of the 1074 women who earned wings and flew 60 million miles for the US Army Air Corps between November 17, 1942 and December 7, 1944. From light aircraft, the WASPs advanced quickly to fly every air corps aircraft in use at the time. With the exception of aerial gunnery and formation flying, these women received the same training as the male pilots. WASPs ferried planes, towed targets, flew tracking, simulated bombing missions, performed radio control, flight tested aircraft, gave instrument instruction and performed many other duties. Their work allowed more men to participate in aviation combat roles.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Bernice Falk Haydu, Gift, 1989, 1989-0123, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Women and the military  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Miss Fifinella (Fictitious character)  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Songbooks
Photographs
Citation:
WASPs Binder: Pictures of Life and Training of the Women's Air Force Service Pilots, Acc. NASM.1989.0123####, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0123
See more items in:
WASPs Binder: Pictures of Life and Training of the Women's Air Force Service Pilots
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0123
Online Media:

United States Navy World War II Aircraft Recognition Model Plans

Creator:
United States. Navy  Search this
Names:
United States. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
United States. Navy. Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer]  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pamphlets
Drawings
Date:
1942
Scope and Contents:
This collection consisits of the complete set of the Navy WWII model drawings and a booklet explaining the project.
Biographical / Historical:
Accurate scale model aircraft have often been helpful in training recognition of aircraft, range estimation and determination of cones of fire. In December 1941, the Secretary of the Navy asked the US Commissioner of Education for the schools to make 500,000 scale model airplanes. This alliance resulted in a joint project between the US Navy, Bureau of Aeronautics, who supplied the authoritative drawings and plans, and the US Office of Education, who perepared educational and informational material.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Paul E. Garber, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0438, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes -- Recognition  Search this
Airplanes -- Models  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics and state -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics -- History  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pamphlets
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0438
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0438

Volkenrode Institute Photographs

Creator:
Wolfsohn, Robert S.  Search this
Names:
Volkenrode Institute  Search this
Wolfsohn, Robert S.  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
1999-0027
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following material collected by Wolfsohn during his role in Operation Lusty: oversized drawing plan of the Volkenrode Institute; photographs of Volkenrode, especially with its camouflage; paper copies of photographs of Wolfsohn's time at Volkenrode; a detailed letter by Wolfsohn describing his work; and a set of small prints relating to the Junker 004 turbojet engine.
Biographical / Historical:
At the end of World War II, Robert S. Wolfsohn was assigned to Operation Lusty, which was a program to ascertain what the Germans had been doing towards winning the war. Wolfsohn was stationed at Volkenrode, which was just outside of Braunshweig, Germany. The Volkenrode Institute had many laboratories working on developments in aeronautics, engines, and armament.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Jack Neufeld, unknown, 1999, 1999-0027, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Military -- Research  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- Research  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Germany  Search this
Military intelligence  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Operation Lusty, 1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0027
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0027

Russian Aeronautical Collection

Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Names:
Sikorsky, Igor Ivan.  Search this
Extent:
26 Linear feet
30.81 Cubic feet (53 legal-size document boxes, 1 slim legal-size document box, 1 flat box )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Newspapers
Reports
Articles
Place:
Soviet Union
Date:
1876-2006
Summary:
The Russian Aeronautical Collection is a mix of technical, historical, and cultural reference materials, including originals or copies of articles, documents and other historical materials relating to Russian and Soviet aviation from the Tsarist period through the Soviet era. The collection focuses on key events, personalities and aircraft designs, and certain subject areas are covered in depth, including the life and career of Igor Sikorsky, the transpolar flights of the 1930s, Soviet aviation in the Spanish Civil War, and the operational history of the Soviet Air Force in World War II.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains newspaper clippings, articles, pamphlets/booklets, magazines/journals, reports, monographs, manuscripts, bibliographies and a few photographs.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
This collection was arranged by the creator first by what chronological era the subject matter dealt with, then alphabetically within each era by file unit title. Von Hardesty also created a grouping of materials that deals with aircraft design and designers and another grouping that contains reference material. Groupings and materials are in the order that the processing archivist received them which also correspondes to the guide that Von Hardesty created.

The processing archivist added the last 2 series which covers materials that were not listed in the original guide to the collection.

There are 8 series:

Series I: 1885-1917

Series II: 1918-1940

Series III: 1941-1945

Series IV: 1946-Onwards

Series V: Design

Series VI: Reference

Series VII: Loose Materials

Series VIII: Administrative Material
Biographical / Historical:
The Russian Aeronautical Collection (RAC) was assembled over the course of two decades by Von Hardesty, curator in the Aeronautics Division of the National Air and Space Museum. The RAC developed as a research project linked to the publication of Hardesty's book Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power, 1941 -1945 (first published in 1982.)
Provenance:
Aeronautics Division / Von Hardesty, Transfer, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Russia  Search this
Endurance flights  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspapers
Reports
Articles
Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0034
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0034
Online Media:

James H. Nicholson Amateur Radio Collection

Collector:
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Nicholson, James H., 1897-  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Technical manuals
Date:
1920-1970.
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, photographs, audio tapes and other documents relating to James H. Nicholson's career in radio, both as a long-time amateur operator and in his career in the U.S. Navy in both world wars and civilian government employment before and after World War II; Nicholson's autobiography; reminiscences by his daughter; and publications of amateur radio organizations (particular the "Old Old Timers Club") in which he was active.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Radio operator during his service in the Navy, an operator on merchant ships after World War I, and a "ham" radio operator on shore. He set up a radio shop which included the first licensed radio station in Maine, WTAJ. During World War II he was in charge of Naval aviation radio and after the war he worked for the Civil Aeronautics Administration.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Division of Electricity by Patricia Kilkenny, daughter of J.H. Nicholson, on 12/30/1994.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Radio -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical manuals -- Electrical equipment
Citation:
James H. Nicholson Amateur Radio Collection, 1920-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0577
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0577

Albert K. McCutcheon Collection

Creator:
McCutcheon, Albert K.  Search this
Extent:
0.36 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Technical manuals
Pamphlets
Date:
bulk 1940-1949
Summary:
The Albert K. McCutcheon Collection consists of the following technical manuals and pamphlets: Identification and Tactical Functions of Naval Vessels: Student's Workbook, November 1943; Naval Vessels: Identification and Tactical Functions, July 1943; "Instrument Flying, August 1943; Pilots' Information File, November 1944; Instrument Flying: Basic and Advanced, January 1944; Aircraft Recognition Manual"; German Language Guide; Pocket Guide of Uniform Insignia; Handbook for Army Air Forces Officers; Going Back to Civilian Life, August 1945; Pocket Guide to The Cities of Southern France; Digest of Civil Air Regulations for Pilots; Identification and Tactical Functions of Aircraft Germany Student's Workbook, November 1943; When You Are Overseas These Facts are Vital, July 1943; related worksheets and charts, including one for Chemical Warfare Agents. There is also a January 1945 target map of Northern Germany which shows Allied and enemy air base numbers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following technical manuals and pamphlets: Identification and Tactical Functions of Naval Vessels: Student's Workbook, November 1943; Naval Vessels: Identification and Tactical Functions, July 1943; Instrument Flying, August 1943; Pilots' Information File, November 1944; Instrument Flying: Basic and Advanced, January 1944; Aircraft Recognition Manual; German Language Guide; Pocket Guide of Uniform Insignia; Handbook for Army Air Forces Officers; Going Back to Civilian Life, August 1945; Pocket Guide to The Cities of Southern France; Digest of Civil Air Regulations for Pilots; Identification and Tactical Functions of Aircraft Germany Student's Workbook, November 1943; When You Are Overseas These Facts are Vital, July 1943; related worksheets and charts, including one for Chemical Warfare Agents. There is also a January 1945 target map of Northern Germany which shows Allied and enemy air base numbers.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Albert K. McCutcheon Collection- is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Albert K. McCutcheon served as a fighter pilot in the 362nd Flight Group, 378th Fighter Squadron during World War II. After the war, McCutcheon was a Personnel Training Officer with the 10th Depot Group in Germany.
Provenance:
Albert K. McCutcheon, Gift, 1976.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Pamphlets
Citation:
Albert K. McCutcheon Collection, Accession XXXX-1121, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1121
See more items in:
Albert K. McCutcheon Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1121
Online Media:

Survey of Central African Seaports and Air Routes

Topic:
Survey of Central African Seaports and Air Routes
Names:
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
United States. War Dept.  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Place:
Africa, Central
Date:
1941-1942
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four volumes of 'Survey of Central African Seaports and Air Routes.' The volumes include photographs, charts, and pages of text, gathered during 139 days of travel covering approximately 16,000 miles through Central Africa. The purpose of the survey was to assist the Departments [War? or a department in Pan Am?] in determining what seaports, routes, and services of supply should be established to bring aircraft to the desired war areas most expeditiously, i.e., increase the flow of supplies to the British Eighth Army. At one point there was, according to the preface, a book of charts which was not transferred to NASM.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
National Museum of American History, Transfer, 1996, 1996-0043, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Africa  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Identifier:
NASM.1996.0043
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1996-0043

Lee Ya-Ching Papers

Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Cubic feet (22 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Date:
1938-1970
Summary:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitation; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Scope and Content note:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitations; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.

Note: The digital images shown for this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product which did not reproduce all materials found in this collection; some items have not been scanned. In addition, some materials have been excluded from display due to copyright, trademark, or patent restrictions.
Arrangement:
This collection of materials listed in the finding aid is arranged into two series, Ms Lee's personal papers and her professional papers. Within each series, items are arranged by material type then chronologically. No attempt was made to translate foreign language material in the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lee Ya-Ching was born in Canton, China in 1912. As an only child who lost her mother at a young age, Ya-Ching was raised by her father and grandmother. Under her father's guidance she learned many skills, including martial arts, some previously restricted to male children. Ya-Ching attended English schools in Hong Kong and Shanghai and at the age of 16 was sent to London to attend finishing school.

In 1929 at the age of 17, Ya-Ching went to Geneva, Switzerland. It is there that she took her first ride in an airplane and vowed to learn how to fly. She enrolled in Ecole Aero Club de Suisse and, in 1934, became the first woman to receive a pilot's license from the school. Determined to continue her education, Ya-Ching went to the United States and attended the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California in 1935. In November of that year she became the first woman licensed through the Boeing School. Upon completion of her training at the Boeing school Ya-Ching returned to China and began campaigning for a Chinese pilot's license, eventually obtaining the license in 1936. Seeing a need to train new pilots, Ya-Ching and some fellow pilots opened a civilian flying school in Shanghai in 1936.

When Japan invaded China in 1937, Ya-Ching volunteered to fly for her country, but was refused. Undeterred, she served her country by establishing hospitals. Leaving Shanghai for Hong Kong just before the city fell, she was finally given the opportunity to fly for China by piloting Red Cross planes ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton. Realizing that China needed aid and supplies, Ya-Ching embarked on a Goodwill Tour of the United States and Canada in 1938. When the war prevented her return to China, Ya-Ching continued the tour expanding her appearances into South America.

Not much is known of Ya-Ching's life after the war. She returned to Hong Kong for a number of years. In the 1960's she returned to California, where she died in 1998 at the age of 86.

Time Line of Lee Ya-Ching

xxxx -- The following timeline covers key events in Ya-Ching's life, as well world events. Events involving Ya-Ching are shown in normal type world events are shown in italics.

1909 -- M. Vallon flies first plane in China

1911 -- China ousts the 2000 year old Imperial System for a Republic

April 16, 1912 -- Lee Ya-Ching is born in Canton, China

1916 -- Ya-Ching's mother dies of tuberculosis

1917 -- China enters World War 1 on the side of the Allies

1926 -- Begins career as a movie actress

1928 -- Leaves the film industry and goes to school in England

1929 -- The CCP (Chinese Communist Party) is ousted from China Goes to Switzerland

September 1931 -- Japan seizes control of Manchuria

November 1931 -- CCP resurfaces in China and forms the Chinese Soviet Republic in Jiangxi Province

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to solo across the Atlantic

1933 -- Begins flying lessons at Geneva's Cointrin-Ecole d'Aviation

1934 -- Receives her pilot's license from Ecole Aéro Club de Suisse

1935 -- Attends and receives license from the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California

1935 -- Falls out of an aerobatic plane, earning her membership in the Caterpillar Club

1936 -- Receives her pilot's license from the Chinese Government First domestic airline established in China Opens a civilian flying school in Shanghai

1937 -- Flies for the Red Cross ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton Japan invades China Earns Hong Kong commercial pilot's license Helps establish hospitals in Shanghai

1938 -- Begins goodwill tour of United States and Canada

1939 -- Appears in US film Disputed Passage with Dorothy Lamour

1940 -- Flies "Estrella China" to Caribbean, Central and South America Aids Ruth Nichols in raising money for Relief Wings

1941 -- Begins working for United China Relief

December 7, 1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1944 -- Begins Goodwill and Fund Raising tour of South America and Caribbean

August 1945 -- Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Returns to China and retires

1946 -- Fighting between CCP and KMT (Nationalist party) resumes

October 1949 -- KMT retreats to Taiwan Mao Zedong establishes the People's Republic of China

1950 -- Receives Hong Kong private pilot's license

1963 -- Receives Hong Kong Special Purpose Pilot's license

1971 -- Permanently moves to the United States

1997 -- British rule ends in Hong Kong

January 28, 1998 -- Dies at the age of 86
Provenance:
Pax Cheng and Mary Wolfson, Gift, 2007, NASM.2008.0009.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, NASM.2008.0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0009
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0009
Online Media:

Michael J. Neufeld Papers

Topic:
The Skilled Metalworkers of Nuremberg: Craft and Class in the Industrial Revolution (Monograph : 1989)
The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era (Monograph : 1995)
The Bombing of Auschwitz: Should the Allies Have Attempted It? (Monograph : 2000)
Creator::
Neufeld, Michael J., 1951-  Search this
Extent:
2.5 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Manuscripts
Transcripts
Color negatives
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1965-1974, 1987-2004
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of documentation of the professional activities of Michael J. Neufeld, including presentations, papers, books, and general research. Neufeld held assistant professorships at several universities between 1984 and 1988 as well as several fellowships with the Smithsonian Institution from 1988 through 1990. In 1990, he was hired as a curator by the National Air and Space Museum, first in the Department of Aeronautics, which became the Aeronatics Division in 1997, and then in the Space History Division in 1999. Neufeld's research specialties include rocketry and the role of aviation in World War II. Books documented in this accession include The Skilled Metalworkers of Nuremberg: Craft and Class in the Industrial Revolution; The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era; and The Bombing of Auschwitz: Should the Allies Have Attempted It?. Materials include correspondence, notes, proposals, papers, transcripts, meeting materials, clippings, images, and related materials.
Topic:
Lectures and lecturing  Search this
Research  Search this
Learning and scholarship  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Rocketry  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Manuscripts
Transcripts
Color negatives
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 11-126, Michael J. Neufeld Papers
Identifier:
Accession 11-126
See more items in:
Michael J. Neufeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa11-126

World War II Propaganda Leaflet Slides

Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Date:
1945
Summary:
Shortly before the crew of the B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay completed their mission to bomb Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, U.S. pilots dropped leaflets over Japan warning citizens to evacuate the cities. This collection consists of four original leaflets, as well as 15 color slides taken by the National Air and Space Museum photo lab of the propaganda leaflets
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four original leaflets, printed on both sides that range in size from 5.5 by 7.5 inches up to 10.75 by 8 inches. The collection also includes 15 color slides taken by the National Air and Space Museum photo lab of the propaganda leaflets, some of which appear to be duplicates.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
Shortly before the crew of the B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay completed their mission to bomb Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, U.S. pilots dropped leaflets over Japan warning citizens to evacuate the cities. The leaflets warned Japanese citizens that their government was leading them to death and that the U. S. government had no wish to kill civilians. I.A. Kurzman was a machinist mate, 2nd class stationed in the Pacific aboard the USS Wasp (CV-18) from which the aircraft carried the leaflets.
Provenance:
I.A. Kurzman, Gift, 1985, NASM.2008.0018
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Propaganda  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
World War II Propaganda Leaflet Slides, NASM.2008.0018, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0018
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0018

Guy Longshore World War II Photography Collection

Creator:
Longshore, Guy.  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color slides
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Date:
1945, 2010
Summary:
Guy Longshore served in the U. S. Army Air Corps as a command gunner on a Boeing B-29 Superfortress in the Pacific theater during World War II. This collection consists of photographic material made from images taken by Guy Longshore during World War II, as well as a news clipping about the collection and a small pamphlet written by Longshore that includes a story about his service in World War II.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of photographic material made from images taken by Guy Longshore during World War II. Four of the images are printed as color slides and nine are black and white prints of various sizes, one of which is laminated. There are also copy prints of almost every image and one image is seen only as a copy print. There is some caption information for most of the images. The images in the collection include an aerial view of bombing damage to Tokyo taken shortly after Japan's surrender; views of Boeing B-29 Superfortresses and North American P-51 Mustangs on the ground and in flight; a view of the Base Operations building at Isley Field (the sign on the building has the base's name misspelled); and a view of Mount Fuji taken from a Boeing B-29 Superfortress in which the wing of the aircraft is partially visible. Four of the images of Boeing B-29 Superfortresses in flight are in color. In addition to the photographic material, this collection contains a news clipping about the collection and a small pamphlet written by Longshore that includes a story about his service in World War II.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Guy Longshore served in the U. S. Army Air Corps as a command gunner on a Boeing B-29 Superfortress in the Pacific theater during World War II. During his time in service, Longshore took photographs on the ground and from the air using his personal Argus camera. Shortly after the surrender of Japan, Longshore took an aerial view showing the bombing damage to Tokyo, Japan from the bombardier's seat of a Boeing B-29 Superfortress using U. S. Army camera equipment.
Provenance:
Guy Longshore, Gift, 2010, NASM.2010.0025.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Boeing B-29 Superfortress  Search this
North American P-51 Mustang Family  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Ocean  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Citation:
Guy Longshore World War II Photography Collection, NASM.2010.0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2010.0025
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2010-0025
Online Media:

Tinian Color Slides

Creator:
Staley, George E.  Search this
Names:
Bendix Aviation Corp  Search this
Tinian Island Airbase  Search this
United States. Army Air Forces. 509th Composite Group  Search this
Staley, George E.  Search this
Tibbets, Paul  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color slides
Date:
1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the 22 color slides taken by Staley during his stay in Tinian. The images are of Tinian and units stationed there, including aircraft of the 509th Composite Group, the 6th Bomb Group, and the 504th Bomb Group. A few slides show 'Enola Gay' and her crew (with Colonel Paul Tibbets), and scenes of men celebrating the 'Enola Gay's' successful flight. Several slides show B-29 nose art and nicknames: 'Full House', 'The B.A. Bird', 'Doc's Deadly Dose', 'Cox's Army', 'The Ernie Pyle', 'The Herd of Bald Goats', 'The Spirit of Sammy', 'Snugglebunny', 'Earthquake McGoon', and 'Flak Alley'.
Biographical / Historical:
During World War II, George E. Staley worked for Bendix as a technical representative for their fuel injection system which was used in Boeing B-29 Superfortresses. In 1945 Staley was sent to Tinian for seven months, during which time the 'Enola Gay' made her historic flight.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
George E. Staley, Gift, 1996, 1996-0014, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes, Military -- Decoration  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Ocean  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Boeing B-29 Superfortress  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
NASM.1996.0014
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1996-0014
Online Media:

Tinian Island, Marianas, Photograph Collection

Creator:
Ryan, John  Search this
Names:
Tinian Island Airbase  Search this
United States. Army Air Forces. 77th Air Service Group. 534th Air Engineering Squadron  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((3 fplders))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following material: 54 b&w photographs of Tinian, Marianas, including images of the Boeing B-29 Enola Gay, aerial views of the Island, aircraft, hangers and many shots of the Engine Service Group mounting or tearing down engines; 93 b&w snapshots of nose art; and articles and booklets on Tinian, the Marianas, and Boeing B-29s.
Biographical / Historical:
Sgt. John Ryan was stationed on Tinian, Marianas during 1945. Ryan was with the 534 Air Engineering Squadron, 77th Air Service Group.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
John Ryan, Gift, 1993, 1993-0037, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Boeing B-29 Superfortress  Search this
Airplanes, Military -- Decoration  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Ocean  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0037
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0037
Online Media:

George H. Riley World War II Photo Album

Names:
United States. Army Air Forces. Bombardment Group (Heavy), 301st  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (One 11 by 14 by 3 inch flat box.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1943 - 1945
Summary:
This 10 by 12 inch World War II album chronicles George Riley's World War II aviation career, both stateside and in Italy.
Scope and Contents:
This 10 by 12 inch World War II album contains the following types of material chronicling George Riley's World War II aviation career, both stateside and in Italy: photographs (official photo reconnaissance images, copies of official Air Force photography, and snapshots taken by Riley of base life, aircraft, and personnel); patches and insignias; newspaper articles; ephemera such as passes, notices and playbills from his service in Italy; correspondence / cards; various European currency; and certificates, including one relating to his Caterpillar Club membership.
Arrangement:
No arrangement, just one album.
Biographical / Historical:
George H. Riley (1924 - 1996) was a radio operator and gunner, serving in Italy with the 301st Bombardment Group (Fifteenth Air Force), a highly decorated group flying Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses. Riley entered the Army Air Corps in February 1943, attending the Army Air Forces Training Command's radio school in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, and then the Yuma Gunnery School in Yuma, Arizona. After his stateside training, Riley served in Italy, where he flew over 60 missions, mostly against Axis oil and communication centers in Southern Europe.
Provenance:
Steve Riley, Gift, 2020, NASM.2020.0011
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Italy  Search this
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress Family  Search this
Citation:
George H. Riley World War II Photo Album, NASM.2020.0011, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0011
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2020-0011

Walter and Reimar Horten Interviews [Myhra]

Creator:
Myhra, David  Search this
Names:
Horten, Reimar, 1915-1993  Search this
Horten, Walter, 1912-1988  Search this
Extent:
7.91 Linear feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1913 -1998
bulk 1982-1988
Summary:
This collection contains interviews with Reimar and Walter Horten that were recorded by David Myhra.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains interviews with Reimar and Walter Horten taped by David Myhra, author of The Horten Brothers and Their All-winged Aircraft. It includes various topics relating to the Hortens, and comprises sixty original tapes donated by Myhra, as well as two copies made by NASM, one consisting of sixty-one master reel-to-reels, and another of 120 reference CD-Rs. A box of "transcripts" for some of the tapes is also included in the collection, although it is unclear which transcripts go with which tapes.
Arrangement:
This finding aid was generated from the original recording labels. Mr. Myhra labeled most of the tapes, but each group of tapes is labeled differently. Dates are included when provided but the list does not follow a chronological order, which is irrelevant anyway considering the wandering nature of Mr. Myhra's interviews. The finding aid is arranged in groups, which roughly correspond to each set of interviews. In addition, NASM has given each tape a new number which runs consecutively from one through sixty. The original number given by David Myhra is listed in the description of each tape. The new NASM numbers for the original tapes correspond to the NASM reel numbers and the NASM CD-R numbers as to make locating each copy more convenient.
Biographical / Historical:
Reimar Horten and his brother Walter, two largely self-taught aircraft designers, were born in Bonn, Germany; Walter on March 3, 1912, and Reimar on March 12, 1915. Their interest in aircraft began as early as 1925 when they joined a fliers' club in Bonn. In 1932 Reimar and Walter commenced work on their first piloted all-wing sailplane the Ho I. The basic concept of the flying wing dates from the dawn of aviation, but the Horten brothers became the virtuosos of this aircraft. The Horten all-wing sailplanes were gliders without a fuselage or tail section. Because the fuselage and the tail section of a regular plane produced 30% to 50% of an airplane's drag, the benefit of the sailplanes was clear. During the time preceding World War II the brothers improved upon the Ho I glider, creating other models including the Ho II, Ho III, and the Ho IV--none of which had any engines. Reimar and Walter joined the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) during the course of the war where Walter flew Messerschmitt Bf-109s for six months and Reimar worked for Operation Sea Lion, whose objective was the invasion of England. Upon the cancellation of this operation the Horten brothers went on to continue their projects, developing many enhanced versions of their original flying-wing. In 1942 Reimar began working on the Ho VII at the Luftwaffe's request, a machine equipped with two pusher-type propellers and a pulse jet engine. However, the Ho VII was not strong enough to fly safely at the greater speeds made possible by the jet, so the brothers began work on the new Ho IX (code named "Go 229"), the first functional jet propelled flying wing. The arrival of the American army in 1945 ended the construction of this type of aircraft. After the war, Reimar moved to Argentina where he continued to develop his unorthodox aircraft designs; Walter stayed in Germany. Walter died in 1988 and Reimar died in 1994.
Provenance:
David Myhra, Gift, 1998
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Germany -- Refugees  Search this
Gliders (Aeronautics)  Search this
Horten IV  Search this
Horten III (108-250)  Search this
Horten II (1935)  Search this
Horten I Glider (1931)  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Citation:
Walter and Reimar Horten Interviews [Myhra], Acc. 1999-0065, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0065
See more items in:
Walter and Reimar Horten Interviews [Myhra]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0065
Online Media:

Luftwaffe Photograph Collection [National Archives]

Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet ((15 folders))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1940s
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of at least 300 copy prints, all of which are stamped "National Archives Luftwaffe Collection" on the back. The photographs appear to have been taken by German photographers, presumably Luftwaffe personnel, and the images are generally informal in subject and composition, more like "snapshots" than official photographs. Subjects include shots of Luftwaffe personnel and aircraft, as well as other Allied and Axis aircraft.
These prints were evidently selected and copied for NASM's collection from the larger collection of captured World War II German photography which resided at the National Archives from the mid-1940s until the late 1960s or early 1970s. At that point, the originals were returned to West Germany and are currently housed at the Bildarchive of the Bundesarchiv. While 300 prints are directly identified, there are probably an additional 100-200 images scattered in the Archives Collection which also came from this collection.
Provenance:
Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics -- Germany  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Luftwaffe Photograph Collection [National Archives], Accession XXXX-0635, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0635
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0635

Southwest Pacific Theater Intelligence Reports

Creator:
Allied Air Forces. Directorate of Intelligence  Search this
Names:
Allied Air Forces. Directorate of Intelligence  Search this
Extent:
10.9 Cubic feet ((10 records center boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reports
Date:
1942-1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of intelligence summaries from the Allied Air Forces in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II. These reports, issued weekly, contained pertinent information for pilots about the progress of the war including information on Allied attacks and their effects, enemy strengths and movements, new armaments and tactics used on both sides, survival tips, as well as other information.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0183, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Pacific Ocean  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Military intelligence  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0183
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0183

Major John Stanley Henderson Collection

Creator:
Henderson, John Stanley.  Search this
Names:
United States. Marine Corps  Search this
Extent:
0.95 Cubic feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Newspaper clippings
Telegrams
Technical manuals
Awards
Correspondence
Publications
Date:
bulk 1941-1952
Scope and Contents:
Included in this collection are photographs of John Stanley Henderson, fellow servicemen, and airfields; diary and notebooks; flight logs; award citations and military orders; newspaper clippings; a map of the Solomon Islands; phrase books in French and Japanese as well as the CBI Pointie Talkie; pocket guides to Egypt and Australia; The Marines Handbook, seventh edition; telegram relating the death of Major Henderson; Certificate of Death in Service; condolence letters; and Power of Attorney and Last Will and Testament.
Biographical / Historical:
Major John Stanley Henderson (?-1952) joined the US Marine Corps in 1941 and served two tours in the World War II Pacific Theater, earning the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and four Air Medals. He served as a dive bomber pilot at Guadalcanal and a transport pilot on Guam. He was on active duty with the Marine Reserves as Executive Officer of the Marine Air Detachment at NAS Olathe, Kansas, at the time of his death at 33, killed while preparing for his departure to Korea.
Provenance:
Bryn Henderson, Gift, 2005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Medals -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Newspaper clippings
Telegrams
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Awards
Correspondence
Publications
Citation:
Major John Stanley Henderson Collection, Accession number 2005-0015, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0015
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0015

Colonel Carlos Garduno Papers

Creator:
Garduno, Carlos.  Search this
Names:
El Escuadron 201  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Newspaper clippings
Photographic prints
Place:
Mexico
Date:
bulk 1930-1991
Scope and Contents:
Ehis collection consists of the following items chronicling the aviation career of Colonel Carlos Garduno: En Guardia, volume 1, no. 9; ASI, August 11, 1945; newspaper articles, 1945-1991; material relating to the El Escuadron 201 reunion; Form One, February 1942 issue, April 1942 issue, and Anniversary Issue, May 1942; El Pilot, Sep.-Oct. 1930; 81 copy prints of photo album pages; a few paper prints; and a brochure for Mexico Homenaje de las Fuerzas de la Defensa Nacional de Chile (a Mexican tribute to the Chilean armed forces), 1940.
Biographical / Historical:
Colonel Carlos Garduno was a member of El Escuadron 201, also known as the Aztec Eagle Squadron. In 1943, Mexico became an active participant in World War II. Escuadron 201, formed in response to German submarine attacks against Mexican oil tankers, was comprised of more than 300 volunteers. The 201 was integrated with the US Army Air Forces; after completing its training in Texas, the squadron became a Lockheed P-47 fighter squadron attached to the 58th Fighter Group during the liberation of the main Philippine Island of Luzon in 1945. The squadron also participated in the Allied effort to bomb Formosa to force the Japanese out of that island. For their service they received the Medal of Valor of Combat.
Provenance:
Carlos Garduno, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Military -- Mexico  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Lockheed P-47  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newspaper clippings
Photographic prints
Citation:
, Accession number 2006-0036, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0036
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0036

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