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United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985 Research Materials

Topic:
United States Women in Aviation, 1940-1985
Creator:
Douglas, Deborah G.  Search this
Names:
Carl, Ann  Search this
Felker, Toby  Search this
Fitzroy, Nancy  Search this
Hoffman, Margaret  Search this
Howard, Jean Ross  Search this
Hubert, Beth  Search this
Pateman, Yvonne C.  Search this
Rassmussen, Janet  Search this
Rippelmeyer, Lynn  Search this
Silitch, Mary F.  Search this
Extent:
2.57 Cubic feet (2 record center boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Transcripts
Reports
Notes
Articles
Newspapers
Publications
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
1944-1994
bulk [ca. 1940s, 1980s]
Summary:
United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985, by Deborah G. Douglas, was published in 1991 as part of the Smithsonian Institution Press series on women in the aviation industry. This collection consists of a variety of different types of material compiled during the author's research for the book.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a variety of different types of material compiled during the author's research for the book. Included are: various types of correspondence; photographs; newspapers and other publications; photocopies of book chapters and magazine and newspaper articles; working notes belonging to the author; reports (official and personal); interview transcripts; and approximately 600 bibliographic note cards. Also included are 10 cassettes containing interviews with the following aviators: Ann Carl, Toby Felker, Nancy Fitzroy, Margaret Hoffman, Jean Ross Howard, Lt. Beth Hubert, Lt. Col. Yvonne C. Pateman, Janet Rassmussen, Lynn Rippelmeyer, and Mary F. Silitch.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects. In addition, images of some material in the collection have been excluded from online display due to possible copyright restrictions.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by topic/subject.
Biographical / Historical:
United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985, by Deborah G. Douglas, was published in 1991 as part of the Smithsonian Institution Press series on women in the aviation industry. The publication documents the stories of women involved in all aspects of aviation during this time period, from pilots and engineers, to aircraft industry personnel and flight attendants.
Provenance:
Deborah G. Douglas, Gift, 1995, NASM.1995.0062
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Flight attendants  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Transcripts
Reports
Notes
Articles
Newspapers
Publications
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985 Research Materials, NASM.1995.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1995.0062
See more items in:
United States Women in Aviation 1940-1985 Research Materials
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1995-0062
Online Media:

Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection

Creator:
Cathcart, Donald Guthrie, 1889-  Search this
Names:
National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. Army Balloon School -- Fort Omaha, Neb.  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. Army Balloon School -- Ross Field, Cal.  Search this
Wingfoot Lighter-Than-Air Society  Search this
Cathcart, Donald Guthrie, 1889-  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1932-1965
bulk 1932-1951
Summary:
This collection consists of the following: photographs of Donald Cathcart during training at the Army Balloon schools at Arcadia, California (Ross Field) and at Ft. Omaha, Nebraska; miscellaneous material on the National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans (NAABCV) including copies of "Haul Down & Ease Off", the official publication of the NAABCV, membership lists; and several copies of the "Wingfoot Lighter than Air Society Bulletin".
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: photographs of Donald Cathcart during training at the Army Balloon schools at Arcadia, CA (Ross Field) and at Ft. Omaha, NE; miscellaneous material on the NAABCV including copies of Haul Down & Ease Off, the official publication of the National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans (NAABCV) and membership lists; and several copies of the Wingfoot Lighter than Air Society Bulletin.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Donald Guthrie Cathcart [1889-1973] reported to the United States Army Balloon School in 1917. He was a free balloon pilot, an aerial observer, and flight instructor before his honorable discharge in 1920. Cathcart served at both Ross Field, Arcadia, California, and Fort Omaha, Nebraska. He was also a member of National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans (NAABCV) and the Wingfoot Lighter than Air Society.
Provenance:
Donald G. Cathcart, gift, 1964-1965, XXXX-0344, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0344, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0344
See more items in:
Donald G. Cathcart Ballooning Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0344
Online Media:

Edgar S. Gorrell Collection

Creator:
Gorrell, Edgar S. (Edgar Staley), 1891-1945  Search this
Names:
Air Transport Association of America  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Gorrell, Edgar S. (Edgar Staley), 1891-1945  Search this
Extent:
3.95 Cubic feet (9 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Publications
Date:
1893-1943
Summary:
This collection contains documents relating mainly to Gorrell's activities as president of the Air Transportation Association of America. The materials include copies of Gorrell's addresses and Congressional testimony, as well as press clippings concerning Gorrell's activities. The collection also includes albums of World War I vintage photographs collected by or presented to Gorrell.
Scope and Contents:
The Edgar S. Gorrell Collection is largely comprised of material relating to Gorrell's career as president of the Air Transport Association of America. The material includes his correspondence and speeches, the Congressional hearings and reports for the bills he advocated, and publications and newspaper articles about him and his career. Also in the collection are several photographs and photograph albums from World War I and other miscellaneous material.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Arranged into two series:

Series 1: GENERAL. This series contains correspondence, addresses delivered by E.S. Gorrell, and publications and newspaper articles, some written by Gorrell. There are also Congressional hearings and reports, and some miscellaneous material. The documents are arranged in chronological order.

Series 2: PHOTOGRAPHS/ALBUMS. This series contains photographs and photo albums. Many of these are aerial photographs of trenches taken c. 1916 --1918, but there are also many photographs of aerial and land transport equipment.
Biographical/Historical note:
Colonel Edgar S. Gorrell (1891-1945) was a pilot and an advocate for aviation safety. He graduated from West Point in 1912 and then spent two years as an infantryman in Alaska before transferring to the Signal Corps, where he joined the 1st Aero Squadron, serving under Gen. John J. Pershing in Mexico. On one of his flying missions in Mexico, Gorrell ran out of gas and was stranded in the desert for several days before being rescued. Upon returning to his unit, he began to criticize the poor equipment US pilots were forced to use, both in terms of actual aircraft components and the signals and communication equipment used on land. In 1917 he was promoted to Captain, and in World War I he became the Chief Engineering Officer for the Air Service, and eventually the Chief of Staff for the Air Service, with the rank of Colonel. After the war, Gorrell remained in Europe representing the US at conferences and peace talks.

In March 1920, he resigned his commission in the Army and joined the automobile business. He served as the vice president of Marmon Motor Car Company until 1925. Then he became vice president, director, and general manager, and later president, of the Stutz Motor Car company of America. In January 1936, Gorrell again switched fields when he was elected the first president of the Air Transport Association of America, shortly after its conception. It was with this organization that he was known for his role in promoting safety in civil aeronautics. He was a strong advocate for the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 which provided government control and regulation of civil aeronautics, and he provided testimony before congressional committees several times. Gorrell continued to support civil aeronautics, especially through his role as president of the Air Transport Association of America, until his death, in 1945.
Provenance:
No donor information, gift, unknown, XXXX-0057
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Publications
Citation:
Edgar S. Gorrell Collection, Acc. XXXX-0057, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0057
See more items in:
Edgar S. Gorrell Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0057
Online Media:

James Means Collection

Topic:
Aeronautical Annuals (annual)
Creator:
Means, James, 1853-1920  Search this
Names:
Aerial Experiment Association  Search this
Aero Club of America  Search this
Aero Club of Washington  Search this
Aeronautic Society of New York  Search this
United States. Army. Signal Corps  Search this
Chanute, Octave, 1832-1910  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Lilienthal, Otto  Search this
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924  Search this
Maxim, Hiram S., 1840-1916  Search this
Means, James, 1853-1920  Search this
Zahm, Albert Francis, 1862-  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Cubic feet ((4 legal document boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Publications
Photographs
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Date:
1892-1913
bulk 1895-1897
Summary:
James Means (1855-1920) was an American industrialist who sacrificed his business to devote himself to the promotion of aviation. The collection consists of correspondence, publications, photographs, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of correspondence and scrapbooks. The correspondence is arranged into 15 sub-series: Aerial Experiment Association, Aero Club of America, Aero Club of Washington, Aeronautic Society of New York, Aeronautical Annuals, Octave Chanute and his daughters, Glenn Curtiss, House Resolution #7653, Ernest Jones, Otto Lilienthal, Henry Cabot Lodge, Hiram Maxim, Technical Matters, U.S. Signal Corps, and Albert Zahm. Of the three scrapbooks, one is a photograph album containing early glider photos and travel postcards. The second contains photos and news clippings regarding aviation in the 1890's, especially the work of Langley and Maxim with kites, balloons, and aerial bicycles. Clippings are in English, French, Spanish, Italian, German and Dutch. The third scrapbook is labeled 'James Means 1892' and consists of photos, letters, manuscripts, clippings in English and German, copies of legislation, and book excerpts.

Note: The digital images shown for this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product which did not reproduce all materials found in this collection; some items have not been scanned.
Arrangement:
The James Means Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
James Means (1855-1920) was an American industrialist who sacrificed his business to devote himself to the promotion of aviation. Determined to disseminate information on flying, he collected and edited the most significant works of Otto Lilienthal, Octave Chanute, Samuel Langley and others, producing the 'Aeronautical Annuals' which appeared in 3 volumes in 1895, 1896 and 1897. Dr. Means studied bird-flight, kites and gliders, and designed model gliders in the early 1890s. He was awarded patents for his aircraft smoke signal device (1909), his aircraft launcher (1909), and his simplified control column for airplanes (1909-1911).
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
James H. Means, gift, unknown, XXXX-0394, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- pre-1903  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airships  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Kites  Search this
Gliding and soaring  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Publications
Photographs
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Citation:
James Means Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0394, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0394
See more items in:
James Means Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0394
Online Media:

Alva R. DeGarmo Collection

Creator:
DeGarmo, Alva R., 1899-1988  Search this
Names:
Atlantic Airways  Search this
Boeing Air Transport  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc.  Search this
Western Airlines  Search this
DeGarmo, Alva R., 1899-1988  Search this
Extent:
1.09 Cubic feet ((1 records center box))
1.04 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Maps
Date:
1916-1986
Summary:
The Alva R. DeGarmo Collection consists of DeGarmo's army records; logbooks; Boeing Air Transport/United Air Lines correspondence; material documenting his World War II activities; newspaper articles; photographs; and Western Air Lines anniversary items.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: Army records; logbooks; Boeing Air Transport/United Air Lines correspondence; material documenting his World War II activities; newspaper articles; photographs; and Western Air Lines anniversary items.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Alva R. DeGarmo Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Alva R. DeGarmo (1899-1988) enlisted in the Army Air Service, soloing in 1920 in a Curtiss JN-4 at March Field, Riverside, CA. He was in the Air Service for three years before joining the Air Reserve Corps. During his service he patrolled the Mexican boarder and spotted forest fires in Oregon. After resigning from the Air Service and a brief stint in barnstorming, he worked for two years with Western Air Lines, being one of their first four pilots, the "Four Horseman." After two years he changed to Boeing Air Transport/United Air Lines, flying with them until 1939. During World War II DeGarmo helped ferry bombers and transport planes across the Atlantic under the Pan American subsidiary, Atlantic Airways, and later during the War he took over a Pan American Miami to Rio De Janeiro passenger route. Towards the end of the war he worked for Curtiss Wright on C-46 fuel problems. He ended his aviation career with a short stint as a Lockheed test pilot after the war.
General:
Other materials: Logbooks. Most of Alva DeGarmo's material was placed in the Delta Air Lines Museum.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Richard and Bernice DeGarmo, gift, 1991, 1992-0049, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Maps
Citation:
Alva R. DeGarmo Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0049####, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0049
See more items in:
Alva R. DeGarmo Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0049
Online Media:

Victor Vernon Scrapbooks

Creator:
Vernon, Victor  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
Colonial Airlines  Search this
Curtiss Flying School  Search this
Oregon-Washington-Idaho Airplane Company  Search this
Acosta, Bert  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Smith, C. R.  Search this
Vernon, Victor  Search this
Extent:
0.71 Cubic feet (2 flatboxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
1903-1948
bulk 1915-1920
Summary:
Victor Vernon was an aviation pioneer, flight instructor, U. S. Navy aviator, and airline executive. This collection consists of three scrapbooks that chronicle Vernon's aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of three scrapbooks that chronicle Victor Vernon's aviation career and include numerous photographs, with an emphasis on Curtiss flying boats, the Curtiss Model H America, the Curtiss rebuilt Langley Aerodrome, and Curtiss tractor type aircraft. Besides the photographs, the scrapbooks contain many newspaper clippings covering Vernon's involvement with Curtiss, and his association with the Oregon-Washington-Idaho Airplane Company, as well as correspondence with William (Billy) Mitchel, Glenn Curtiss, and C.R. Smith. Miscellaneous items include route charts, correspondence, and photographs relating to Colonial Airlines and American Airlines, photographs of Bert Acosta and Vernon's naval aviator certificates. There is also material relating to Vernon's hydroaeroplane.
Arrangement:
Scrapbooks are in original order, additional material is arranged by type.
Biographical / Historical:
Victor Vernon was an aviation pioneer who began his career on Curtiss flying boats. In 1915 Vernon went to Toronto, Canada with the Curtiss School to teach Canadian pilots. During World War I, Vernon served with the U. S. Navy as an aviator and test pilot for the Naval Aircraft Factory. From 1919-1920, Vernon was instrumental in forming the Oregon-Washington-Idaho Airplane Company. In 1930 Vernon joined Colonial Airlines, a division of American Airways. He remained with American Airlines as Personnel Director and Assistant to the President until his retirement in 1948.
Provenance:
Victor Vernon, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0221.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Curtiss Model H "America" (H-1)  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A, Curtiss 1914 Rebuild  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
Victor Vernon Scrapbooks, NASM.XXXX.0221, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0221
See more items in:
Victor Vernon Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0221

Charles Ingram Stanton, Sr., Papers

Creator:
Stanton, Charles Ingram, 1893-1986  Search this
Names:
Bell Telephone Laboratories  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Administration  Search this
Federal Aviation Administration  Search this
National Aeronautic Association (U.S.)  Search this
United States. Air Navigation Development Board  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service  Search this
United States. Post Office Department. Air Mail Service  Search this
Stanton, Charles Ingram, 1893-1986  Search this
Extent:
4.22 Cubic feet (1 slim legal document box; 4 legal document boxes; 3 flatboxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Publications
Manuscripts
Articles
Correspondence
Audiotapes
Clippings
Date:
1917-1977
Summary:
This collection consists of Stanton's personal papers. The material includes correspondence, photographs, news clippings and articles, reunion memorabilia and records, and personal and professional writings over the course of his aeronautical career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection of the papers of Charles Ingram Stanton contains work-related photographs, personal writings on his career, periodicals, programs, financial records, published materials, maps, charts, plans, scrapbooks and audiotapes. At the time of processing, no attempt was made to transcribe the audiotapes. Please contact the Archives for information about duplication.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as follows:

Series I, Professional Life Subseries I: Military Career Subseries II: Civilian Career

Series II, Personal Life

Series III, Miscellaneous Oversize Material
Biographical/Historical note:
Charles Ingram Stanton was born on July 28, 1893, in Medford, Massachusetts. He graduated from high school in Revere, Massachusetts in 1911; and earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Tufts College in 1917. After graduation, he joined the United States Army and was assigned to the Signal Corps. Upon graduation from the Corps flight school, Stanton was promoted to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. Although he served in the Air Service during World War I, he was never assigned overseas, but remained in the United States conducting research regarding radios and their effects in aircraft. In December of 1918, Stanton was formally discharged from the Army.

Prior to his military discharge, Stanton accepted a position with the United States Post Office Department of Aerial Mail, and began work as a test pilot. On September 15, 1920, Stanton was promoted to Superintendent of Operations, United States Air Mail Service. He later resigned from the Post Office and went to work for the National Aeronautic Association (NAA). His tenure there was terminated for unknown reasons in 1923; he then went to work for the U.S. Engineer Corp as a surveyman. From 1925 through 1926, he was employed as a civil engineer in Miami, Florida. On January 17, 1927 Stanton returned to government service as an airplane and engine inspector for the United States Department of Commerce. He was named the Chief of Airways Engineering Division, Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA) on May 4, 1937. While working there, he obtained patent number 2,147,679 for an illuminating system for runways. On June 29, 1940 Stanton was named Assistant Administrator and Director of the Bureau of Federal Airways. Stanton served as Administrator for the CAA from 1942 to 1944 before returning to his previous position as Deputy Administrator. During his tenure with the CAA, Stanton attended several conferences and important meetings for the establishment of international airways. Stanton was instrumental in establishing the Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization. In 1944 he received an honorary doctorate from Tufts College for his contribution to the field of civil aeronautics.

On March 8, 1948 Stanton retired from the United States Government and took a teaching position at the Technological Institute of Aeronautics of Brazil as Professor of Air Navigation, and Chief of Airway Division. Upon returning to the United States in 1952, Stanton went to work for Bell Telephone Laboratories. He returned to work for the CAA in 1957, where he remained until his retirement in 1962.

Charles Ingram Stanton's love of flying did not end with his work. He remained an active member in the OX-5 Club, the Society of Air Mail Pioneers, Society of Airway Pioneers, and the Washington Air Derby Association. In addition to flying clubs, Stanton was a member of the Delta Upsilon Fraternity. Charles Ingram Stanton passed away in 1986.
Timeline:
1893 July 28 -- Born in Medford Massachusetts

1911 -- Graduated from Revere High School

1917 -- Graduated from Tufts College

1917 December 8 -- Joined United States Army

1918 December 12 -- Joined United States Post Office Department of Aerial Mail

1918 December 18 -- Discharged from the United States Army

1920 September 15 -- Appointed Superintendent of Operations, Air Mail Service

1923 November 13 -- Terminated from National Aeronautic Association

1924 -- Worked for United States Engineer Corp as Surveyman

1925 -- Worked as a Civil Engineer in Miami

1927 January 17 -- Worked for U.S. Department of Commerce as an Airplane Inspector

1937 May 4 -- Selected as Chief of Airways Engineering Division, Civil Aeronautics Authority

1939 June 1 -- Granted U.S. Department of Justice Patent Number 2,147,679

1940 June 29 -- Appointed Assistant Administrator and Director of Bureau of Federal Airways, Civil Aeronautics Authority

1942 July 20 -- Appointed Administrator of Civil Aeronautics, Civil Aeronautics Administration

1944 June 18 -- Received Honorary Degree from Tufts College

1944 September 23 -- Resigned as Administrator to return to former position as Deputy Administrator, Civil Aeronautics Administration.

1948 March 8 -- Took leave of absence to serve as head of Department of Airways Engineering, Aeronautical Technical Institute of Brazil.

1952 -- Returned to America to work for Bell Laboratories

1956 November 16 -- Left Bell Laboratories

1957 January 23 -- Worked for the Air Navigation Development Board, Civil Aeronautics Administration

1957 November 6 -- Worked as Electrical Engineer (Gen.) of Airways Modernization Board Civil Aeronautics Administration

1957 -- Worked as Chief of Airports Division, Civil Aeronautics Administration

1962 -- Retired from the Federal Aviation Agency

1986 January 1 -- Passed away
Provenance:
Charles I. Stanton, Jr., gift, 1987, NASM.1987.0076
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautical engineers  Search this
Aeronautics -- Safety measures  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Publications
Manuscripts
Articles
Correspondence
Audiotapes
Clippings
Citation:
Charles Ingram Stanton, Sr., Papers, Acc. NASM.1987.0076, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0076
See more items in:
Charles Ingram Stanton, Sr., Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0076
Online Media:

509th Composite Group Color Slides and Correspondence [Eidnes]

Creator:
Eidnes, Kenneth L.  Search this
Names:
United States. Army Air Forces. 509th Composite Group  Search this
Eidnes, Kenneth L.  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet ((2 folders))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Color slides
Date:
1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists color slides and correspondence. The 34 color slides relate to the 509th Composite Group on Tinian during World War II. The images feature the following: the Enola Gay, Enola Gay crew members, noseart, and aerials of Tinian Island and Siapan taken from the Enola Gay. The correspondence is between the donor, then T/Sgt Kenneth L. Eidnes and Marna Anderson. The correspondence consists of 22 letters written by Eidnes to Anderson between August and November 1945. The letters include information regarding his stay at Tinian and his journey back to the United States after the war. On 15 October 1999 the donor gave a First Day Cover of a 1998 509th commemorative envelope, mailed from Tinian.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Kenneth L. Eidnes, gift, 1994, 1994-0030, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Atomic bomb  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Boeing B-29 Superfortress  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Color slides
Identifier:
NASM.1994.0030
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1994-0030

Michael Webb Aircraft and Cockpit Photograph Collection

Creator:
Webb, Michael, 1951-1986  Search this
Extent:
1.35 Cubic feet (3 legal document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1977-1985
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 869 negatives, 343 transparencies and 539 photographic prints of aircraft and cockpit shots. These images are divided into the forty-three groups, which include the following aircraft: Boeing B-17 'Swoose,' B-29 'Enola Gay,' B-36, KC-97L; Cessna Citation; Convair T-29; Curtiss A-4E; Douglas C-124; Falcon 50; Fokker F-27; Grumman E-2 Tracer and HU-16 Albatros; Jetstar Cabin; Junkers JU-52 and JU-388; Kaman 16-B; Learjet 25, 35, 36, and 802; Lockheed C-130; North American F-100 Simulator; Piper J-3 Cub; Providence Airline Corp CV-240; and Sabre 40. There is also a folder of correspondence between Webb and individuals / repositories regarding aircraft photography.
Biographical / Historical:
Michael Webb (1951-1986) was first an architectural photographer, but from 1977 until his death became focused exclusively on aviation photography.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Mary Urbahn Lanman, Gift, 1994, 1994-0052, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Boeing B-17D Flying Fortress "Swoose"  Search this
Boeing KC-97L Stratofreighter  Search this
Cessna 500/600 Citation Series  Search this
Convair T-29 Family  Search this
Curtiss A-4 (AH-4)  Search this
Douglas C-124 Globemaster II Family  Search this
Dassault Mystere/Falcon (Mystery) 50  Search this
Fokker F.27 Friendship Family  Search this
Grumman UF Albatross Family  Search this
Junkers Ju 52 (Single Engine) Family  Search this
Junkers Ju 388 Family  Search this
Kaman K-16B V/STOL Amphibian  Search this
Learjet 25 Series  Search this
Learjet 35 Series  Search this
Learjet 36 Series  Search this
Lockheed C-130 Hercules Family  Search this
Piper J-3 Cub Family  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1994.0052
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1994-0052

Shakir S. Jerwan Scrapbooks

Creator:
Jerwan, Shakir S., 1881-1942  Search this
Names:
Moisant Aviation School  Search this
Moisant International Aviators, Inc.  Search this
Audemars, Edmond  Search this
Barrier, Rene  Search this
Byrd, Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957  Search this
Cabrera, Manuel Estrada  Search this
Carranza, Venustiano, General  Search this
Frisbie, John J.  Search this
Garros, Roland  Search this
Jerwan, Shakir S., 1881-1942  Search this
Miller, Bernetta Adams.  Search this
Moisant, Alfred, 1862-1929  Search this
Moisant, Matilde, 1887-1964  Search this
Niles, Charles  Search this
Quimby, Harriet, 1875-1912  Search this
Simon, Rene  Search this
Extent:
0.87 Cubic feet (2 boxes; 1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1911-1919
Summary:
The Shakir S. Jerwan Scrapbooks Collection contains material from the period 1911-1919. During this period, Jerwan was Chief Pilot at the Moisant School of Aviation, Garden City, New York, and Director of Military Aviation for the government of Guatemala.
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents events in Shakir S. Jerwan's career during the period of 1911 to 1919. Scrapbook photographs (many signed) feature Jerwan's pupils and pilots at the Moisant School and of the Moisant International Aviators, including Harriet Quimby, Matilde Moisant, Bernetta Adams Miller, Roland Garros, René Barrier, René Simon and Edmond Audemars. Other photographs include John Frisbie and his man-carrying kites, Charles Niles and his Looper, and Monoplane, Jerwan's flying dog. Also included are a brochure and drawings for the Aeromotor Boat, designed by Shakir Jerwan and his brother, Fuad (Fred) Jerwan. Correspondence includes letters between Shakir Jerwan and Manuel Estrada Cabrera, president of Guatemala, and Venustiano Carranza, later president of Mexico.
Arrangement:
The collection consists of one photographic album and one scrapbook.
Biographical / Historical:
Shakir Saliba Jerwan (1881-1942), the son of a Protestant minister, was born in Beirut, Lebanon, then part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1904, Jerwan immigrated to the United States and became a citizen in 1910. In 1911, he learned to fly, earning F.A.I. license number 54. Jerwan was chief pilot for the Moisant School of Aviation, Garden City, New York from 1912 to 1914. From 1915 to 1919 he served as Director of Military Aviation in Guatemala. Jerwan returned to the United States in 1919. His later career was as a hotelier. He was a member of the Early Birds of Aviation.
Provenance:
Shakir S. Jerwan, gift, date unknown, XXXX-0231
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- History  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military -- Guatemala  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1910-1920  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Air pilots -- Correspondence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1910-1920
Citation:
Shakir S. Jerwan Scrapbooks Collection, Acc. XXXX.0231, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0231
See more items in:
Shakir S. Jerwan Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0231
Online Media:

Lawrance Aero-Engine Corporation Collection

Creator:
Lawrance Aero-Engine Corporation  Search this
Names:
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
Lawrance Engineering and Research Corp  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corp  Search this
Lawrance, Charles Lanier, 1882-  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reports
Notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
[ca. 1910s-1920s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the following: documentation pertaining to the production and endurance test results of the J-1 Engine; engineering data for the Model Z-5 and the Model B engine; five engineering drawings for various parts; photographs;correspondence; price listings; lists of engines by serial number; service notes; calculations; and an obituary on C.L. Lawrance.
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrance Engines was established by Charles L. Lawrance in the late 1910s. Lawrance built the first air cooled radial engine, which evolved into the 200 horse power Wright Whirlwind engine. In 1924, Lawrance merged with the Wright Aeronautical Corporation. After serving as president of the Wright Aeronautical Corporation and vice president of the Curtiss-Wright Corporation, he founded the Lawrance Engineering and Research Corporation in Linden, New Jersey (1930). Lawrance engines are associated with the aircraft flown by Charles Lindbergh, Rear Admiral Byrd and Amelia Earhart.
Provenance:
Joseph Worth, gift, 1972, XXXX-0579
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Lawrance J-1 9-cyl radial engine  Search this
Lawrance Model B 3-cyl radial engine  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0579
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0579

Theodore G. Ellyson Correspondence

Creator:
Ellyson, Theodore Gordon, 1885-1928  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Ellyson, Theodore Gordon, 1885-1928  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1911-1914
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of copies of letters written between Ellyson and others concerning then-Lieutenant Ellyson's aviation experiments of 1911-1914. Many of the letters are directed to Captain Washington I. Chambers and include monthly progress reports and travel and expense statements.
Biographical / Historical:
Theodore G. 'Spuds' Ellyson (1885-1928), Glenn Curtiss' first seaplane pupil, became the first United States Naval Aviator. Ellyson flew the first night flight by a naval seaplane (the Curtiss A-1) and the first successful catapult launch from an anchored barge. Commander Ellyson made many significant contributions in naval aviation before his death in 1928, in an airplane crash off Hampton Roads, Virginia.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0615, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Curtiss A-1 (AH-1) Type  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0615
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0615

United States Army Around the World Flight (1924) Collection

Creator:
United States. Army. Air Service  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (6 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Logs (records)
Clippings
Correspondence
Memoranda
Date:
1920-1925
Scope and Content:
This collection consists of correspondence, memos, newspaper articles and logbooks concerning the flight.
Arrangement:
The documents on the microfilm are only arranged by Record Groups and not chronologically. The material covers correspondence, memos, newspaper articles, logbooks, descriptions of the Douglas World Cruiser (DWC) aircraft, memos dealing with permission to overfly and photograph foreign countries, the flight route, pilot selection, aircraft selection, equipment and weather forecasts. The decision was made during the processing to arrange the photocopied documents by subject and then chronologically.
Historical note:
In 1924, the U.S. Army Air Service decided to attempt an around the world flight to prove that the airplane was a valuable and viable method of transportation and could therefore have a great impact on the world's future. The Douglas Aircraft Company was commissioned by the Army Air Service to build an aircraft for the flight. The result was the Douglas O-5 Observation Seaplane, which was referred to in 1924 as the Douglas World Cruiser (DWC). The O-5 grew out of the 1923 Douglas Observation Seaplane (DOS).

On April 6, 1924, four Army Air Service DWC Seaplanes departed from Seattle, Washington in an attempt to fly around the world. They were the: "Seattle", "Chicago", "Boston" and "New Orleans". The "Seattle" was delayed by a forced landing caused by engine trouble early on and was trying to catch up to the others when bad weather forced it off course. It crashed near Chignik, Alaska. The "Boston" suddenly lost oil pressure and had to land at sea between Orkney and Faroe Islands. Although the landing was successful, the "Boston" was damaged beyond repair during an attempt to hoist it on board the USS Richmond. At Pictou Harbor, Nova Scotia, the prototype aircraft arrived to join the remaining two and became the "Boston II". From there the planes flew on across the United States and landed at Sand Point Field in Seattle, Washington on September 28, 1924 having accomplished the 27,553-mile flight around the world.

Two of the World Cruisers still survive. The "New Orleans" (#4) is in the Air Force Museum at Dayton, Ohio. The "Chicago" (#2) is in the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
Provenance:
National Archives, Purchase, 1971, XXXX-0152, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Flights around the world  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Endurance flights  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Flights  Search this
Douglas World Cruiser (DWC)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Logs (records)
Clippings
Correspondence
Memoranda
Citation:
United States Army Around the World Flight (1924) Collection, Acc. XXXX-0152, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0152
See more items in:
United States Army Around the World Flight (1924) Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0152
Online Media:

Major John Stanley Henderson Collection

Creator:
Henderson, John Stanley.  Search this
Names:
United States. Marine Corps  Search this
Extent:
0.95 Cubic feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Newspaper clippings
Telegrams
Technical manuals
Awards
Correspondence
Publications
Date:
bulk 1941-1952
Scope and Contents:
Included in this collection are photographs of John Stanley Henderson, fellow servicemen, and airfields; diary and notebooks; flight logs; award citations and military orders; newspaper clippings; a map of the Solomon Islands; phrase books in French and Japanese as well as the CBI Pointie Talkie; pocket guides to Egypt and Australia; The Marines Handbook, seventh edition; telegram relating the death of Major Henderson; Certificate of Death in Service; condolence letters; and Power of Attorney and Last Will and Testament.
Biographical / Historical:
Major John Stanley Henderson (?-1952) joined the US Marine Corps in 1941 and served two tours in the World War II Pacific Theater, earning the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and four Air Medals. He served as a dive bomber pilot at Guadalcanal and a transport pilot on Guam. He was on active duty with the Marine Reserves as Executive Officer of the Marine Air Detachment at NAS Olathe, Kansas, at the time of his death at 33, killed while preparing for his departure to Korea.
Provenance:
Bryn Henderson, Gift, 2005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Medals -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Newspaper clippings
Telegrams
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Awards
Correspondence
Publications
Citation:
Major John Stanley Henderson Collection, Accession number 2005-0015, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0015
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0015

Fokker T-2 Photograph

Names:
Kelly, Oakley G.  Search this
Macready, John  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet ((2 items))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
1923
Scope and Contents:
On May 2-3, 1923, Lieutenants John Macready and Oakley G. Kelly piloted a Fokker T-2 non-stop from Long Island, New York, to San Diego, California. This accession consists of a black and white photograph of the Fokker T-2 taken at North Island Naval Air Station. Accompanying the photograph is a transmittal letter from Captain A. B. Mason of the San Diego County sheriff's office.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Mrs. Daryl Ferguson, gift, 1986, 1986-0123, not NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Fokker T-2 (F.IV)  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0123
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0123

Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection

Creator:
Read, A. C. (Albert Cushing), 1887-1967  Search this
Names:
Read, A. C. (Albert Cushing), 1887-1967  Search this
Extent:
1.74 Cubic feet (1 legal document box, three oversized boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Biographies
Clippings
Reports
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1919-1946
bulk May 1919 to June 1919
Summary:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read (1887-1967) graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1907 and became Naval Aviator #24 in July 1915. In 1919, Read was the commander of the Curtiss NC-4, the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic. The NC-4 covered 2150 nautical miles, from Nova Scotia to the Azores. The NC-4 was joined in the flight by the Curtiss NC-1 and Curtiss NC-3, but both the NC-1 and NC-3 were forced to land in the open sea.

This collection consists of the following: black scrapbook containing photographs with US Navy numbers; newspaper front pages; reports; cable grams; signals and dispatches; the NC-4 log; biography of Read; and correspondence.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following: black scrapbook containing photographs with US Navy numbers; newspaper front pages; reports; cable grams; signals and dispatches; the NC-4 log; biography of Read; and correspondence in both Portuguese (with English translations) and English.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged chronologically.
Biographical/Historical note:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read (1887-1967) graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1907 and became Naval Aviator #24 in July 1915. In 1919, Read was the commander of the Curtiss NC-4, the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic. The NC-4 covered 2150 nautical miles, from Nova Scotia to the Azores. The NC-4 was joined in the flight by the Curtiss NC-1 and Curtiss NC-3, but both the NC-1 and NC-3 were forced to land in the open sea.
Provenance:
Rear Admiral Albert C. Read, gift, 1962, XXXX.0391, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Curtiss NC-1 (P2N-1)  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Curtiss NC-4 (P2N-1)  Search this
Curtiss NC-Boat Family  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Biographies
Clippings
Reports
Scrapbooks
Logs (records)
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection, Acc. XXXX.0391, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0391
See more items in:
Admiral Albert C. Read, USN (Curtiss NC-4) Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0391
Online Media:

50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Richard K. Smith]

Creator:
Smith, Richard K.  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
Extent:
1.9 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries
Manuscripts
Microfilms
Publications
Date:
circa 1918-1969
Summary:
The 50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Smith] Collection contains photocopies of correspondence, published materials, maps, and photographs. The collection also includes photocopies of aircraft logs, naval ship logs, weather reports, progress reports, biographies of the participants, information on the construction of the NC Aircraft and the general planning for the flight, and original material on the thirtieth and fiftieth anniversaries of the flight.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection was gathered by Dr. Richard K. Smith of the National Air and Space Museum, in preparation for the fiftieth anniversary of the NC-4's transatlantic flight. It contains photocopies from microfilm of documents found in the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Record Group 24, Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, and Record Group 72, Records of the Bureau of Aeronautics. The researcher will find photocopies of correspondence, published materials, maps, and photographs. The collection also includes photocopies of aircraft logs, naval ship logs, weather reports, progress reports, biographies of the participants, information on the construction of the NC Aircraft and general planning for the flight, and original material on the thirtieth and fiftieth anniversaries of the flight.

The final box of the collection (Box 5) contains 6 reels of microfilm from the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Record Groups 24 and 72 relating to the Trans Atlantic flight of the NC-4. As the processing archivist reviewed the microfilm, it appeared that many of the documents in boxes 1-4 were copied from the microfilm. These reels of microfilm are available for review upon request.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged by subject and then chronologically.
Historical Note:
In 1917, the United States Navy developed specifications for a flying boat of sufficient range to cross the Atlantic to England. The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, in conjunction with the Navy, developed a three-engine aircraft. The Navy intended that the flying boat would serve as an anti-submarine patrol aircraft. The first of the new aircraft, the NC-1, flew on October 4, 1918, followed by the NC-2 on April 12, 1919. Even though World War I had ended, the Navy decided to continue the program in an effort to make the first transatlantic crossing by air. As the program progressed, the NC-2 was dismantled for parts for the other NC aircraft. On May 16, 1919, the NC-1, the NC-3, and the NC-4 assembled at Trepassey Bay, Newfoundland, to begin the 1200 nautical-mile flight to the Azores. The NC-1 was forced down short of the islands and sank, but the Greek vessel, Ionia, rescued the crew. The NC-3 landed two hundred miles short and taxied the remaining distance to the islands. The NC-4 completed the flight successfully, reaching Plymouth, England via Lisbon, Portugal, on May 31, 1919. Following publicity tours of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, the NC-4 was given to the Smithsonian Institution and is a part of the National Air and Space Museum collection.
Provenance:
Aeronautics Division, NASM, transfer, unknown, XXXX-0418, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.

Reels of microfilm are available for review upon request.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to ue NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Curtiss NC-1 (P2N-1)  Search this
Curtiss NC-4 (P2N-1)  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Curtiss NC-Boat Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries
Manuscripts
Microfilms
Publications
Citation:
50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Smith], Acc. XXXX-0418, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0418
See more items in:
50th Anniversary of the NC-4 Transatlantic Flight Collection [Richard K. Smith]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0418
Online Media:

William Carl Diehl Collection

Creator:
Diehl, William Carl, 1891-1974  Search this
Names:
Army Air Corps  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Pathe News  Search this
United Eastern Airplane Company  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corp  Search this
Diehl, William Carl, 1891-1974  Search this
Extent:
2.7 Cubic feet ((6 legal document boxes) (1 20x24x3 flatbox))
2.52 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Diaries
Manuscripts
Drawings
Photographs
Publications
Maps
Financial records
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1912-1972
bulk 1945-1972
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of biographical information, business records, information on the aviation organizations with which Diehl was involved, aviation material collected by Diehl, and information on flight, events, and aviation accidents.
Biographical / Historical:
William Carl Diehl (1891-1974) was an aviation pioneer and a member of the Early Birds organization. In 1914 he built and flew a monoplane and in 1915 he helped establish two flying schools, an unsuccessful school in Chicago and a school on Long Island. During the time he was working at Long Island, he helped to organize the United Eastern Airplane Company which manufactured airplanes. During World War I, Diehl was a civilian instructor for the Army Air Corps. In the late 1910s and early 1920s, Diehl established a commercial flying taxi service, performed stunts for movie production and for Pathe News, and barnstormed around the nation. He began work in 1926 on patents for aircraft mufflers and values. Diehl worked during 1927-1930 at the Wright Aeronautical Corporation at Paterson, New Jersey as an engine flight test pilot. Diehl returned to his original occupation of plumbing but continued flying until 1945, and continued his patent work until the early 1970s.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, gift, XXXX-0469, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Diaries
Manuscripts
Drawings
Photographs
Publications
Maps
Financial records
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0469
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0469

Crocker Snow Collection

Creator:
Snow, Crocker  Search this
Names:
Logan International Airport. Boston, MA  Search this
Massachussetts. Aeronautics Commission  Search this
Skyways  Search this
United States. Army Air Forces. 498th Bombardment Group  Search this
United States. Aviation Advisory Commission  Search this
Snow, Crocker  Search this
Extent:
41.4 Cubic feet ((37 records center boxes) (1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Reports
Manuscripts
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Publications
Photographs
Date:
[ca. 1920s-1990s]
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 40 cubic feet of material documenting the varied aviation career of Crocker Snow. These materials include the following types of media: photographs, published materials, audio and videotapes, manuscripts, reports, surveys, propaganda leaflets, correspondence, and scrapbooks. There is quite a bit of material relating to airport planning, in specifically Boston Logan Airport and the problems of noise pollution.
Biographical / Historical:
Crocker Snow was involved in many facets of aviation, most notably in the areas of aviation law and politics. Highlights of his career, which are covered in this collection, include the following: documentation on his company, Skyways, formed in 1927, one of the first commercial flying operations at East Boston's airport; Snow's role as author of the first comprehensive aeronautical law for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; Snow's role as Director of the Massachusetts Aeronautics Commission from its creation until 1976; and Snow's role as Chairman of the President's Aviation Advisory Commission in 1972. Snows' World War II military aviation career is also covered here in some detail including his stints as the commanding officer of the North Atlantic Sector of the Air Corps Ferrying Command, his role as commander of a provisional B-17 Bomb Group, and his organization of and participation with the 498th B-29 Bomb Group, which took part in numerous bombing and propaganda missions against the Japanese mainland.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Janice Snow, Gift, 2001, 2001-0059, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airports  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics and state  Search this
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Noise pollution  Search this
Airports -- Planning  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Reports
Manuscripts
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Publications
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.2001.0059
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2001-0059

"Stalking the U-boat" Research Collection

Topic:
Stalking the U-boat: USAAF Offensive Antisubmarine Operations in World War II (Monograph)
Creator:
Schoenfeld, Maxwell Philip, 1936-  Search this
Names:
United States. Army Air Forces  Search this
Schoenfeld, Maxwell Philip, 1936-  Search this
Extent:
9.81 Cubic feet ((9 records center boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Minutes
Reports
Correspondence
Date:
1940-1944
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of copies of formerly classified reports, minutes and correspondence gathered by Max Schoenfeld for his research. This collection also contains some secondary source material copied from books. There is no original material in this collection, only copies.
Biographical / Historical:
Max Schoenfeld was the author of the book entitled, Stalking the U-boat: USAAF Offensive Antisubmarine Operations in World War II. This book, published in 1995 by the Smithsonian Press as part of the Smithsonian History of Aviation series, recounts the story of the United States Army Air Forces' antisubmarine operations against German U-boats during the crisis of the Battle of the Atlantic in late 1942 and 1943.
General:
The book "Stalking the U-boat: USAAF Offensive Antisubmarine Operations in World War II" is available in the National Air and Space Museum Branch Library.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Larry Lynch, Gift, 2000, 2000-0062, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations, American -- North Atlantic  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Antisubmarine aircraft  Search this
Genre/Form:
Minutes
Reports
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.2000.0062
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2000-0062

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