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Giuseppe M. Bellanca Collection

Creator:
Bellanca, Giuseppe M., 1886-1960  Search this
Names:
Bellanca  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
Chamberlin, Clarence  Search this
Extent:
248.5 Cubic feet (245 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Financial records
Newspaper clippings
Drawings
Photographic prints
Date:
1919-1959
Summary:
This collection consists of the archives of Giuseppe M. Bellanca and his company, including the following types of mediums: drawings, stress analysis tests, reports, photographs/negatives, documents, correspondence, patent information, newspaper clippings, business records, and financial statements.
Scope and Contents:
Series I: Mr. Bellanca's professional life

Here, the researcher will find documents regarding the day-to-day operations of the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation. The material is generally divided into core documents of the corporation, correspondence, financial documents, subcontracting pursuits, patents, employee relations, and company history.

Series II: Technical Material

This material is separated into the following subseries: Miscellaneous Handwritten Notes and Sketches, Bellanca Aircraft Technical Data, Bellanca Aircraft Corporation Reports, Technical Research Files, Bellanca Aircraft Drawing Lists, Bellanca Aircraft Drawings, and Bellanca Aircraft Drawing Indexes. The Bellanca Collection is not a complete history of the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation. Over the years, it appears that many items were loaned out by the Bellanca Family to researchers and not returned. Therefore, there are significant gaps in correspondence, formal, numbered reports, and other areas of the collection. For example, the earliest report in the Bellanca Collection is Report #28, the next report which appears is report #45.

The Giuseppe M. Bellanca Collection contains over 10,000 drawings. (At the time of processing, not all drawings were entered into the Bellanca Drawings Database. These drawings will be entered as time allows.) The drawings vary in size from 8 x 11 inches to 36 x 185 inches. There are original pencil drawings, blueprints, and blueline drawings. Over 130 models of Bellanca aircraft are represented in the Collection. There are General Arrangement, or Three-View drawings for over 80 of these models. Bellanca drawings are not easy to decipher. Most of the drawings have data blocks which contain only a finite amount of information. Often the aircraft has been identified only by serial number. In some cases the model number of the aircraft is also the drawing number. Other times, the aircraft name would be given, but no model number, i.e. Skyrocket. Also, words were abbreviated and it was left up to the processing archivist to determine their probable meaning. Despite the explanation in the scope and content notes, the Bellanca Corporation was not consistent when assigning model numbers. Letters were sometimes assigned that reflected a United States War Department designation, i.e. the VSO and the VF. By using the Bellanca Drawing indexes, the processing archivist was able to supply model numbers for some of the drawings.

7136 Bellanca Aircraft Company Drawings have been added to the National Air and Space Museum Miscellaneous Drawings Database. As time allows, the remaining Bellanca Drawings will be added to this database. An Archives Staff member will assist researchers in retrieving these materials from the database finding aid.

The Bellanca drawings were stored for over thirty years in less-than-ideal conditions. Many of the drawings were drawn on poor-quality tracing paper, and have become extremely brittle and fragile. Therefore, many of the drawings in the Bellanca Collection may not be available to researchers.

During processing of the collection, the project archivist has gained some insight about how Mr. Bellanca chose the model designations for his aircraft. The earliest system of model designations was based upon letters of the alphabet. No model designations appear for any Bellanca design until his work for Maryland Pressed Steel in 1916. The CD, which he designed for that company, was his fourth aircraft design that was built, and the letter D is the fourth letter of the alphabet. This pattern continues through the Bellanca CF. During 1926, when Mr. Bellanca worked for the Wright Corporation, he already had in mind an improved version of the CF, which was designated the CG. This aircraft received the designation WB-1 from the Wright Corporation.

When Mr. Bellanca formed his own company in 1927, the letter pattern described above reasserted itself for a time with the introduction of the Bellanca CH. It was a common practice of manufacturers of the time to also include the engine horsepower as part of the model number, so the Bellanca CH actually received its Approved Type Certificate (ATC) as the CH-200. When the next model came out, it was the CH-300 with a 300 horsepower Wright Whirlwind engine. This system remained in place through the CH-400. Names were given to some Bellanca aircraft. It appears that the names were a marketing tool meant to appeal to the buying public. With this idea in mind, the CH-300 became the "Pacemaker", the CH-400 became the "Skyrocket", and the P 100 was christened the "Airbus". In the early 1930's, the Bellanca Corporation moved away from the alphabetical designations and moved to numerical designations. Later Bellanca aircraft model designations consist of a series of numbers, such as 31-50. The first number was the wing area, in this case, 310 square feet, divided by 10. The second number was the horsepower of the engine, 500, divided by 10. This resulted in a distinctive system of model designations, which lasted until Mr. Bellanca sold the company.

Series III: Mr. Bellanca's personal material.

In this series, the researcher will find personal correspondence among family members, from both Giuseppe and Dorothy Bellanca's families and personal, legal and financial records for Bellanca family. As the lines between Mr. Bellanca's personal and professional lives were sometimes blurred, a fine line of separation between the two was not always possible. For example, at one time or another, two of Mr. Bellanca's brothers, John and Frank, worked for the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation and Andrew Bellanca, Mr. Bellanca's nephew, was his lawyer throughout his life. Therefore, the processing archivist suggests that the researcher look in the professional series of documents as well as Mr. Bellanca's personal papers for a more complete representation of Mr. Bellanca's correspondence.

After processing was completed, publications which previously had been offered to the NASM Branch Library were returned to the collection. They are listed in an addendum at the end of this finding aid.

Series IV: Photographs.

The researcher will find photographs of Bellanca aircraft, including the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation's Master Photograph Files, photographs of the Bellanca factory and factory workers, and photographs of Giuseppe M. Bellanca, business associates, and family members.

Series V: Miscellaneous and Oversize Materials.

This series contains ephemera of the Bellanca Collection: Scrapbooks, Loose Newspaper Clippings, Artwork, Ephemera and Magazine Clippings.

The Bellanca Collection included 27 motion picture films. In May of 2000, this film was transferred to the NASM Film Archives. Researchers wishing to access this part of the collection should contact the NASM Film Archivist.
Arrangement:
Series I: Mr. Bellanca's Professional Life

Series II: Technical Data

Series III: Personal Papers

Series IV: Photographs

Series V: Miscellaneous and Oversize Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Giuseppe Mario Bellanca was born in 1886 in Sciacca, Sicily. As a young man, he attended the Technical Institute in Milan, graduating with a teaching degree in mathematics in 1908. During his quest for a second mathematics and engineering degree, he became enamoured of aviation, and set out to design and build his own airplane. Bellanca's first aircraft design was a "pusher" aircraft, somewhat similar to the Wright Flyer. Lacking funds for such an endeavor, he joined with two partners, Enea Bossi, and Paolo Invernizzi. The union of the three produced the first flight of a totally Italian-designed and Italian-built aircraft in early December of 1909. The flight was short, but it was a start. Bellanca's second design was a tractor-type aircraft. Although the aircraft was successfully constructed, it was never flown due to insufficient funds for an engine.

At the urging of his brother Carlo, who was already established in Brooklyn, New York, Giuseppe Bellanca immigrated to America in 1911. Before the end of the year, he began construction of his third airplane design, a parasol monoplane. After construction was completed, he took the small craft to Mineola Field on Long Island, NY, and proceeded to teach himself to fly. He began by taxiing. He then, taxied faster, which gave way to short hops. The hops got longer, until, on May 19, 1912, there was not enough room to land straight ahead, and Bellanca had to complete a turn in order land safely. Having successfully taught himself to fly, Bellanca then set about teaching others to fly, and from 1912 to 1916, he operated the Bellanca Flying School. One of his students was a young Fiorello La Guardia, the future mayor of New York City. In return for flying lessons, La Guardia taught Bellanca how to drive a car.

In 1917 the Maryland Pressed Steel Company of Hagerstown, MD hired Bellanca as a consulting engineer. While there, he designed two trainer biplanes, the CD, and an improved version, the CE. With the conclusion of WWI, Maryland Pressed Steel's contracts were cancelled and the company entered into receivership. Thus, the CE never went into production.

In 1921, a group of investors lured Bellanca westward to Omaha, NE, in hopes of establishing that town as a center for aircraft manufacture. Before the aircraft could be built, the company went bankrupt, but construction of the aircraft continued under the financial backing of a local motorcycle dealer named Victor Roos. The resultant aircraft, the Bellanca CF, was called by Janes's All the World's Aircraft "the first up-to-date transport aeroplane that was designed, built, and flown with success in the United States." Among the local people helping to build the aircraft was the daughter of Bellanca's landlord, Dorothy Brown. Giuseppe and she were married on November 18, 1922.

Despite its advanced design, the Bellanca CF could not compete with the economics of the time. In the days just after World War I, a surplus Curtiss Jenny could be purchased for as little as $250.00. A Bellanca CF, with a price tag of $5000.00, was just too expensive and the aircraft never went into production. After the disappointment of the CF, Bellanca designed wings for the Post Office Department's DH-4's. His new wings were a tremendous improvement over the original design, but only a few aircraft were so modified.

In 1925, Bellanca went to work for the Wright Aeronautical Corporation of Paterson, NJ. His assignment there was to develop an aircraft around the new Wright Whirlwind engine. He already had a design in mind, which was an improved version of the CF, called the CG. This design evolved into the Wright-Bellanca WB-1.

The WB-1 enjoyed a short, but successful flying career. The aircraft had already won one race and efficiency contest before an untimely accident destroyed the craft during preparation for an attempt to break the world's non-refueled endurance record. Fortunately, at the time of the crash, Bellanca was already working on an improved version, of the WB-1 designated the WB-2.

During 1926, the WB-2 won two efficiency trophies at the National Air Races in Philadelphia. Wright considered putting the aircraft into production, but decided against it to avoid alienating other aircraft companies that were potential customers for their engines. Disappointed by Wright's decision, Bellanca left the company and joined with a young businessman named Charles Levine to form the Columbia Aircraft Company. Wright sold the WB-2 and all drawings and production rights to the new company. The WB-2 went on to a long and fruitful flying career starting with establishing a new world's non-refueled endurance record of 51 hours, 11 minutes, and 59 seconds in April of 1927.

In the latter half of 1926, Charles Lindbergh wanted to buy the WB-2, now named the 'Columbia', for his proposed flight from New York to Paris. He was rebuffed by Levine who also had designs on the flight and the $25,000 prize money. Lindbergh then went to Ryan for his specially designed NYP. Meanwhile Levine, in choosing the crew, managed to promise two seats to three people. So while the Columbia was grounded by a court order brought by the third party, Lindbergh took off on his successful flight to Paris.

Eventually, the 'Columbia' was cleared of litigation and took off on its successful transatlantic flight on June 4, 1927. In the cockpit were Clarence Chamberlin, one of the pilots of the endurance record and Charles Levine, who became the first transatlantic passenger. The plan was to fly all the way to Berlin, and Chamberlin had vowed to fly until they ran out of fuel. Forty-three hours later, they landed in Eisleben, Germany, the first of two successful Atlantic crossings for Bellanca's most famous aircraft.

Disappointed because the 'Columbia' was not the first aircraft to accomplish the New York to Paris flight, Bellanca severed all relations with Levine, and started his own company, the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation of America, and rented facilities on Staten Island, NY. The new Bellanca model was designated the CH, and was basically a commercial version of the WB-2. The new company also had two other models that were built for special orders, the Bellanca Model J and the Model K.

It was not long before Bellanca caught the attention of the Du Pont family of Delaware. They wanted to start aircraft manufacturing in Delaware, and in late 1927, an agreement was made with Bellanca to locate his factory outside of Wilmington. The site was large enough for a first-class airfield, with a seaplane ramp on the nearby Delaware River.

This was a busy time in Bellanca's life. Along with all that was happening in his professional life, he and Dorothy celebrated the birth of their son August T. Bellanca in March of 1927.

With the exception of a few years immediately before and during the early stages of WWII, Bellanca was President and Chairman of the Board from the corporation's inception on the last day of 1927 until he sold the company to L. Albert and Sons in 1954. After his departure from the company, Giuseppe and his son, August, formed the Bellanca Development Company with the purpose of building a new aircraft. It would have increased performance due to the use of lighter materials for its structure. Work on this aircraft was progressing when Giuseppe Bellanca succumbed to leukemia and died on December 26, 1960. After his father's death, August continued the project, and under his guidance, the aircraft first flew in 1973.

In 1993, August Bellanca donated his father's personal and professional papers to the National Air and Space Museum Archives. Prior to that time, they were kept in the Bellanca home near Galena, MD, and administered by Dorothy and August Bellanca.

1886 -- Born in Sciacca, Sicily

1909 -- Built first airplane. It completed the first flight of an Italian-designed, Italian-built, aircraft on December 8, 1909.

1911 -- Immigrated to America, settled in Brooklyn, NY.

1912 -- Completed construction of parasol monoplane. Successfully learned to fly this aircraft at Mineola, Long Island, NY.

1912 - 1916 -- Taught others to fly the parasol monoplane, including Fiorello LaGuardia.

1917 - 1920 -- Employed as a consulting engineer for Maryland Pressed Steel Company of Hagerstown, MD. While there, Bellanca designed and built the Bellanca CD and CE tractor biplanes.

1921 - 1922 -- Moved to Omaha, NE, and with Victor Roos, formed the Roos-Bellanca Aircraft Company. Bellanca designed and built the Bellanca CF. Married Dorothy Brown on November 18, 1922, in Omaha, NE.

1923 -- Moved back to New York, and designed and built new sets of wings for the Post Office Department's DH-4 mailplanes

1925 -- Employed by the Wright Aeronautical Corporation of Paterson, NJ, designing an aircraft around their new "Whirlwind" engine. The Wright-Bellanca 1, or WB-1, was the result, and was first flown in the latter part of that year.

1926 -- First flight of the WB-2.

1927 -- Bellanca started the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation of America, on Staten Island, NY. Bellanca established the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation of New Castle, DE. Wright decided not to enter into quantity production of the WB-2. Bellanca entered into a partnership with Charles A. Levine, and together, they formed the Columbia Aircraft Corporation. From Tuesday, April 12 to Thursday, April 14, Clarence Chamberlin and Bert Acosta set a new world's non-refueled endurance record in the WB-2, which was shortly thereafter, renamed the "Columbia". On June 4th, the Columbia set off across the Atlantic, and landed in Eisleben, Germany.

1941 - 1943 -- Head of the aviation department at Higgins Industries, Inc., in New Orleans, designing large cargo aircraft for troop movement during the war.

1954 -- Formed the Bellanca Development Company, to conduct research in lightweight aircraft construction materials.

1960 -- Died of leukemia in New York, December 26.
Provenance:
Mr. and Mrs. August Bellanca, Gift, 1993, NASM.1993.0055
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Bellanca WB-2 "Miss Columbia"  Search this
Transatlantic flights  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Financial records
Newspaper clippings
Drawings
Photographic prints
Citation:
Giuseppe M. Bellanca Collection, Acc. NASM.1993.0055, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0055
See more items in:
Giuseppe M. Bellanca Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0055
Online Media:

Young, Edward Herbert; Events, Wright Brothers, Fort Myer Trials, 1908

Container:
Folder 1, Item 8
Type:
Archival materials
Ephemera
Date:
1908
Scope and Contents:
Round blue cardboard badge, with string, issued for the Aeronautical Trials of the Wright Military Flyer held at Fort Myer, Virginia, 1908, to Mr. [Edward H.] Young.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Kite Aerial Photography [William Eddy], Acc. XXXX-0752, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0752, Item NASM 00181711
See more items in:
Kite Aerial Photography [William Eddy]
Kite Aerial Photography [William Eddy] / Photographs and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0752-ref9

Wright (Co) Model B Photograph [Rogers]

Creator:
Rogers, William Richard, 1892-1972  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
Circa 1913
Summary:
This collection consists of one 5.5 by 3.5 inch black and white photograph, printed as a post card, of a Wright (Co) Model B aircraft sitting in a hangar at Fort William McKinley, Philippines.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of one 5.5 by 3.5 inch black and white photograph, printed as a post card, of a Wright (Co) Model B aircraft sitting in a hangar at Fort William McKinley, Philippines. The photograph was taken by William Richard Rogers and a man identified as "Dodd" (likely Wilburn C. Dodd) can be seen at the controls. The date on the photograph appears to be 1913.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
William Richard Rogers (1892-1972) joined the U. S. Army in 1907 as part of a cavalry unit and later moved to the Signal Corps. During his time in the military, Rogers served in World War I and also spent twelve years as a telegraph relay operator in Alaska. Rogers retired in 1938 at the rank of master sergeant.
Provenance:
Kirk Rogers, Gift, 2019, NASM.2019.0055
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Citation:
Wright (Co) Model B Photograph [Rogers], NASM.2019.0055, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0055
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0055
Online Media:

William H. Sheahan Early Aviation Photographs

Creator:
Sheahan, William H., 1872-1956  Search this
Names:
Heinrich Aviation School, Hempstead Plains Field (N.Y.)  Search this
Hempstead Plains Field (N.Y.)  Search this
Roosevelt Field (N.Y.)  Search this
Sheahan, William H., 1872-1956  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1912-1921
bulk 1912-1915
Summary:
This collection consists of 62 photographs taken by William H. Sheahan of early aircraft and aviators, mostly at Hempstead Plains Field where he took lessons.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 62 photographs taken by William H. Sheahan of early aircraft and aviators, mostly at Hempstead Plains Field where he took lessons. Aircraft represented in the collection include a Bellanca monoplane; Blériot XI; various Curtiss aircraft models including biplane and pusher types; Curtiss JN-4 Jenny and Curtiss JN-4Can Canuck; LWF Twin DH-4; a Deperdussin monoplane; a Gallaudet (Aircraft) Military Tractor Biplane; various models produced by Heinrich (Aeroplane Co); Moisant (Co) 1914 Bluebird Monoplane; and Wright (Co) Model B.
Arrangement:
This collection is in original order. Images in this collection have been catalogued previously and were assigned the following image numbers: SI-94-12971 to SI-94-13026 and SI-94-13758 to SI-94-13764.
Biographical / Historical:
William H. Sheahan (1872-1956) first became interested in aviation in 1910 and he spent part of the 1912 and 1913 summers at the Heinrich Aviation School, Hempstead Plains Field (now Roosevelt Field), Long Island. Sheahan soloed in a Heinrich monoplane and later took flying lessons at Curtiss Field, Long Island, during 1920-1922. Sheahan was a member of the Aero Club of Pennsylvania, and was in charge of the Hall of Aviation at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. Sheahan also applied for membership in the Early Birds.
Provenance:
William H. Sheahan, gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0523
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Bleriot XI Family  Search this
Curtiss Pusher R  Search this
Curtiss JN-4 Jenny Family  Search this
Curtiss JN-4Can Canuck  Search this
de Havilland (Airco) D.H.4  Search this
Deperdussin Aircraft Family  Search this
Gallaudet Type C Military Tractor Biplane Family  Search this
Heinrich (Aeroplane Co) 1915 Model E Family Military Tractor Biplane  Search this
Heinrich (Aeroplane Co) 1915 Model C Monoplane  Search this
Huntington (CT) Aircraft Family  Search this
Moisant (Monoplane Co) 1914 Bluebird Monoplane  Search this
Schmitt (Maximilian) 1915 Monoplane  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
William H. Sheahan Early Aviation Photographs, NASM.XXXX.0523, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0523
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0523
Online Media:

Frank Coffyn Scrapbooks and Photo Albums

Creator:
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Names:
Michigan Aero Club  Search this
Wright Flying Team  Search this
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Thompson, Lewis Eugene  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Cubic feet (4 flatboxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1911-1932
Summary:
Frank Coffyn (1878-1960) was a pioneer flyer and aviation consultant. Coffyn learned to fly from the Wright Brothers in Dayton Ohio, and was a member of the original Wright Flying Team. This collection consists of scrapbooks and photo albums documenting his career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of five scrapbooks. Scrapbook A contains photographs and newspaper clippings relating to Coffyn's visit to the aviation meet of the Michigan Aero Club on June 19-23, 1911. Scrapbook B is comprised of newspaper clippings pertaining to Coffyn's flights in various parts of the U. S. during the year 1912. Scrapbook C is a photo album covering the years 1910-1932, with photos labeled by subject and date. This scrapbook contains some images of a model B Wright Biplane. Book D includes photographs of Coffyn in New York harbor, images of the Lachapelle Gliding Boat, a photo and letter from portrait artist Lewis Eugene Thompson, and a Halcyon Caravel ship photo. Book E is a photo album containing images of Coffyn and a Burgess Flying Boat in 1913.
Arrangement:
Scrapbooks/photo albums have been arranged according to size of enclosure required to safely house each item.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Coffyn (1878-1960) was a pioneer flyer and aviation consultant. Coffyn learned to fly from the Wright Brothers in Dayton Ohio, and was a member of the original Wright Flying Team.
Provenance:
Frank Coffyn, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0065
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Burgess Aircraft Family  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Frank Coffyn Scrapbooks and Photo Albums, NASM.XXXX.0065, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0065
See more items in:
Frank Coffyn Scrapbooks and Photo Albums
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0065
Online Media:

Wright Model B Modified Flyer

Creator:
Fairmont East High School, Kettering, Ohio  Search this
Fairmont West High School, Kettering, Ohio  Search this
Names:
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.22 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1976
Scope and Contents:
There are 73 drawings including a 3 view assembly, front view, side view, top view and tail section as well as 22 drawings of wing details (including engine mounts, seats, etc.); 6 drawings of tail details; 7 drawings of horizontal stabilizer and bellcrank details; 5 drawings of rudder details; 8 drawings of landing gear, 2 drawings of front skid assembly; 13 drawings of control assembly; 4 drawings of radiator details and one drawing of the fuel tank.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright Model B was a one-man machine built by Wilbur and Orville Wright to be used for exhibition work. With a maximum length of 31 feet, maximum breadth of 39 feet and supporting surface of 500 square feet, its total weight was 1250 lbs. including aviator and passenger. The Model B's motor was a 30-35 h.p. 4 cylinder one. This set of drawings was a bicentennial project done in 1976 by members of the drafting departments of Fairmont East and Fairmont West High Schools in Kettering, Ohio.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0460, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0460
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0460

Eric Preece Engine Collection

Creator:
Preece, Eric  Search this
Names:
American Society of Tool and Manufacturing Engineers  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corp  Search this
Extent:
4.4 Cubic feet (8 records center boxes; 1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notebooks
Correspondence
Photographs
Reports
Memoranda
Drawings
Manuals
Catalogs
Brochures
Date:
1933-1944
Summary:
This collection traces Preece's engineering work with WAC, and includes the following types of materials: correspondence, memos, technical drawings, minutes of meetings from both the WAC Gear Committee and the American Society of Tool Engineers, descriptions of various projects and equipment, photographs, reports, catalogues, brochures, manuals, notebooks, and personnel information.
Scope and Contents:
This collection traces Preece's engineering work with Wright Aeronautical Corporation (WAC), and includes the following types of materials: correspondence, memos, technical drawings, minutes of meetings from both the WAC Gear Committee and the American Society of Tool Engineers, descriptions of various projects and equipment, photographs, reports, catalogues, brochures, manuals, notebooks, and personnel information.
Arrangement:
The original arrangement of this collection was maintained.
This collection is arranged into six series:

Series I: Professional Materials

Series II: Material Related to Notebooks

Series III: Material Related to Business Practices

Series IV: Drawings

Series V: Miscellaneous Material

Series VI: Oversized Material
Biographical/Historical note:
Eric Preece was an engineer with the Wright Aeronautical Corporation (WAC) of Paterson, New Jersey, a company involved in the engineering development of the mass production of cylinder heads for WAC air-cooled engines for Boeing B-29 bombers during World War II. Mr. Preece served as the manager of Experimental Manufacturing prior to his promotion to Production Manager of WAC's Plant 7 in 1943. He was also an active member of the American Society of Tool Engineers, serving as the Public Relations Chairman and later as chapter president.
Provenance:
Unknown (Eric Preece?)
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Wright Cyclone 18 (R-3350) 18-cyl radial engine family  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Correspondence
Photographs
Reports
Memoranda
Drawings
Manuals
Catalogs
Brochures
Citation:
Eric Preece Engine Collection, Acc. XXXX-0502, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0502
See more items in:
Eric Preece Engine Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0502
Online Media:

Farnum T. Fish Collection

Creator:
Fish, Farnum T., 1896-1978  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Technical notes
Photographic postcards
Date:
Circa 1912
Summary:
Farnum T. Fish (1896-1978) was an early aviator who flew his Wright (Co) Model B biplane in numerous air meets. This collection consists of five photographic post cards showing Fish and his aircraft as well as handwritten technical notes.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of five photographic post cards showing Farnum T. Fish and his Wright (Co) Model B biplane. Two of the post cards have caption information on the front. The collection also contains three pages of handwritten notes regarding various mechanical aspects of an aircraft, and a one page handwritten list of various tools.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Farnum T. Fish was born in 1896 in California. Fish learned to fly at the Wright Aviation School in Dayton, Ohio in 1911 and, on January 12, 1912, FAI Airplane Pilot's Certificate #85 was granted to him by the Aero Club of America. Fish immediately purchased a Wright (Co) Model B biplane and flew in his first air meet at Dominguez Field in Los Angeles, California from January 20 to 26, 1912. At the end of the meet, Fish was second in overall hours flown. Fish flew in another air meet at the Emeryville Race Track, Oakland, California from February 17 to 21, 1912 where he flew the first air mail into Oakland as a stunt. In April 1912, Fish began flying passengers at the Polo Grounds, Coronado, San Diego, where he also carried mail at a small local meet. In May of that year, Fish flew from Chicago to Milwaukee carrying 50 pounds of silk consigned to a department store. Throughout 1912, Fish took part in numerous air meets as well as flying passengers and mail. He also flew a newsreel photographer over the 1912 Vanderbilt Cup Races. In 1915, Fish began flying for Pancho Villa in Mexico where he was shot and wounded badly in the leg while flying over enemy forces. Fish managed to land the plane at his base before collapsing. Fish returned to the United States to recuperate and he was soon active flying in air meets and exhibitions again. In February 1918, Fish enlisted in the U. S. Army and accepted his commission as lieutenant in July 1918. In September of that year he was sent overseas as a test pilot for the U. S Army Signal Corps. He was discharged from the service in April 1919 and in June 1919 he joined the Air Service Officers Reserve Corps until his commission ended in 1934. Fish reentered active duty for a brief period in 1942. Following his military career, Fish was employed in the lumber business in Los Angeles, California for some time, as well as dabbling in ceramics manufacturing. Fish was known as the "Boy Aviator" throughout the early part of his career.
Provenance:
Unknown, Gift, Unknown, NASM.XXXX.0876
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical notes
Photographic postcards
Citation:
Farnum T. Fish Collection, NASM.XXXX.0876, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0876
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0876

CGD 272 : Review of Research on Gas Turbines Carried Out at D.V.L., Garmisch

Author:
Kuhl, H  Search this
Schmidt, Fritz A. F.  Search this
Issuing body:
Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt E.V. [DVL]  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
United States Navy. Bureau of Aeronautics. Aeronautical Engine Laboratory [AEL]  Search this
United States. Navy. Bureau of Ships [NavShips]  Search this
Translator:
Weekley, W. G.  Search this
Extent:
78 Frames
Container:
Reel 9, Item 10
Type:
Archival materials
Microform
Frames
Date:
June 1946
Documents:
NavShipsHIPS 250-33b, June 1946. [Volume 7 of a series of articles on compressor and fan design by German Engineers]

Part A : H. Kuhl, "Investigations Into Governing TL [Turbo-Jet] and PTL [Propeller-Turbo-Jet] Engines," WAC Engineering translation 6. Translated by W. G. Weekley (Wright Aeronautical Corp) for AEL from "Untersuchungen uber diue Regelung vin TL- und PTL-Triebwerken, von H. Kuhl, DVL," July 1944.

Part B : Fritz A. F. Schmidt, "Report on Turbo-Jet Research of the DVL-Garmisch Group," WAC Engineering translation 8. Translated by W. G. Weekley (Wright Aeronautiucal Corp) for AEL from "Bericht uber den Teil der Arbeiten der Dutschen Versuchsanstalt for Luftfahrt Garmisch etc," June 26, 1945.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm, Acc. XXXX.0408, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0408-ref672

CGD 270 : Basic Considerations in the Design of Axial Flow Compressors

Author:
Weinig, F (FKFS)  Search this
Eckert, B. (FKFS)  Search this
Issuing body:
Forschungsinstitut für Kraftfahrwesen und Fahrzeugmotoren Stuttgart [FKFS]  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
United States. Navy. Bureau of Ships [BuShips]  Search this
Translator:
Weekley, W. G.  Search this
Extent:
82 Frames
Container:
Reel 9, Item 8
Type:
Archival materials
Microform
Frames
Date:
May 1946
Documents:
BuShips 338, May 1946. [Volume 5 of a series of articles on compressor and fan design written by German Engineers]

Part A : F. Weinig, "Calculation Fundamentals for Multi-Stage Axial Compressors," Part 2 of Lilienthal-Gesellschaft report no 171; WAC Engineering Translation 32. Translated by W. G. Weekley from "Berechnungsgrundlagen vielstufiger Axialverdichter."

Part B : B. Eckert and F. Weinig, "Axial Flow Compressors," FKFS report, April 3, 1944; WAC Engineering Translation 25. Translated by W. G. Weekley.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm, Acc. XXXX.0408, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0408-ref674

CGD 268 : The Influence of Physical Dimensions (Such As Hub:Tip Ratio, Clearance, Blade Shape) and Flow Conditions (Such As Reynolds Number and Mach Number) on Compressor Characteristics

Author:
Eckert, B. (FKFS)  Search this
Pflüger, F.  Search this
Weinig, F (FKFS)  Search this
Fickert  Search this
Issuing body:
Forschungsinstitut für Kraftfahrwesen und Fahrzeugmotoren Stuttgart [FKFS]  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
Precision Development Company  Search this
United States. Navy. Bureau of Ships [BuShips]  Search this
Translator:
Weekley, W. G.  Search this
Bodmer, J. E.  Search this
Extent:
111 Frames
Container:
Reel 9, Item 6
Type:
Archival materials
Microform
Frames
Date:
May 1946
Documents:
BuShips 338, May 1946. [Volume 3 of a series of articles on compressor and fan design written by German Engineers]

Part A : B. Eckert, "Summary of the Results of Research on Axial Flow Compressors at the Stuttgart Research Institute for Automobiles and Engines," WAC Engineering Translation 22. Translated by W. G. Weekley from "Überblick über Forschungsergebnisse des Forschungsinstituts fur Kraftfahrwesen und Fahrzeugmotoren, Stuttgart, an Axial Durchströmten Verdichtern," lecture given to the Lilienthal Society, November 8, 1943.

Part B : B. Eckert, F. Pflüger, and F. Weinig, "The Influence of the Diameter Ratio on the Characteristics Diagram of the Axial Compressor, " WAC Engineering Translation 29. Translated by W. G. Weekley from "Der Einfluss des Nabenverhaltnisses auf des Kennfeld des Axialgebläses," FKFS report.

Part C : Fickert, "The Influence of the Radial Clearance of the Rotor on the Compressor Efficiency," Precision Development Co translation. Translated by J. Bodmer.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm, Acc. XXXX.0408, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0408-ref676

Max Lillie Collection

Creator:
Lillie, Max T., 1881-1913  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
bulk 1898 - 1912
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following material relating to Max Lillie and his aviation career: four 3 by 5 inch black and white photographs of Lillie, his Wright B aircraft and various colleagues; a metal data plate from Lillie's Wright B; various Swedish navy papers; a listing of the passengers from the SS Astoria, which Lillie sailed on to America; a letter to Mrs. Wynona Lillie from her sister-in-law; a cover of Hydro and Aero featuring Lillie and a postcard featuring Lillie and Frank Gotch.
Biographical / Historical:
Maximillian Theo Liljestrand (1881-1913) was born in Sweden and after graduating from an engineering university and serving in the Swedish navy, he emigrated to the United States in 1904. After he became an American citizen he changed his name to Max T. Lillie. Lillie first went to work for an engineering and construction firm in St. Louis, Missouri, and later he established his own business, Lillie Construction Company. In July of 1911, Lillie and Andrew Drew, a local newspaper reporter and aviation enthusiast, formed the Pioneer Aeroplane and Exhibition Company. Soon Walter Brookins joined the group and it was Brookins that trained Lillie to fly. Lillie made his first short solo flight on October 23, 1911, and received his license, No. 73, five days later. That fall, Lillie bought out the Pioneer venture and took the aircraft south for flying exhibitions, settling in Atlanta, Georgia, where he started a flying school and established a base for his winter flying operations. That following spring, Lillie shipped north to Cicero Field, Chicago, where he made his headquarters for the active 1912 summer season. Besides teaching, carrying passengers, and exhibition work, Lillie also carried authorized mail on several occasions and on September 14, 1912, he flew for his Expert Pilot License, No. 1. During the winter of 1912-1913, Lillie moved his base to San Antonio, Texas. During February of 1913, Lillie announced the formation of the Weckler-Armstrong Lillie Corporation which was to manufacture airplanes and airboats. The 1913 summer season was again based at Cicero, and the summer was busy with school flying and carrying passengers, including Mrs. Wynona Lillie who often flew with her husband. Lillie made more than four thousand flights and carried over seventeen hundred passengers without a major accident before September 15, 1913. However on that date he was killed when flying in an exhibition at the District Fair Grounds in Galesburg, Illinois. Lillie was buried in St. Peters Cemetery, St. Louis, Missouri.
Provenance:
Betty Myers, Gift, 2005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
Max Lillie Collection, Accession number 2005-0063, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2005.0063
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2005-0063

1911 Harvard-Boston Aero Meet

Extent:
4 Digital images (Scans from original 4 x 5 inch glass plate negatives loaned by donor for copying. Original negatives had extensive silver mirroring in dense areas (severe at edges), dust spotting, surface dirt, and chipping of emulsion at edges of plates., 600 ppi RGB TIFF files, 6100 x 4851 pixels)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Date:
August 26 through September 4, 1911
Scope and Contents:
Views of the field from the half-price chairs viewing section adjacent to the grandstand seating area at the 1911 Harvard-Boston Aero Meet held at Harvard Aviation Field on the Squantum peninsula (near the "Atlantic" railroad station), Quincy, Massachusetts, August 26 through September 4, 1911. Several items of interest can be seen in the background including scoreboard (with pennant), several aircraft on the ground (biplanes and monoplanes, and the start/finish line. Two views show a Burgess F (Wright Model B) Moth in flight.

These scans from the original 4 x 5 inch glass plate negatives are presented with minimal processed to correct exposure and desaturated to reduce yellowing.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautical sports  Search this
Burgess-Wright Aircraft Family  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Collection Citation:
Early Boston Area Aviation Photography, NASM Acc. 2018.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Early Boston Area Aviation Photography
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2018-0062-ref2

E. D. "Hud" Weeks Collection

Creator:
Weeks, E. D. "Hud" (Evert D.)  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Allison, Lawrence M.  Search this
Arens, Charles A., 1895-1967  Search this
Brock, Walter L.  Search this
Hildesheim, Erik  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Parker, Will D.  Search this
Tibbs, Burrell  Search this
Waterman, Walter D.  Search this
Weeks, E. D. "Hud" (Evert D.)  Search this
Extent:
1.51 Cubic feet (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Diaries
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Date:
1907-1981
Summary:
Hud Weeks, pilot and restorer of early aircraft, exchanged correspondence with many early aviators and possessed a strong interest in the career of the exhibition pilot Lincoln Beachey.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of correspondence between E. D. "Hud" Weeks, a cosmetics manufacturer and aviation enthusiast from Des Moines, Iowa, and various aviation personalities and members of the Early Birds, a not-for-profit organization established in 1928 and composed of persons who had piloted an aircraft or airship prior to 17 December 1916. The collection also includes material gathered by Weeks on early aeronautical events, both in the US and abroad. Included within this collection are newspaper articles on Lincoln Beachey's life and tragic death, a great deal of photographs of the daring aeronaut and correspondence between Hud Weeks and former colleagues of Beachey's such as Art Mix and Warren Eaton.
Arrangement note:
The E.D. "Hud" Weeks Collection contains approximately one and a half cubic fee of material, including photographs, printed, typewritten, and handwritten material. It was donated to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) in two installments in 1985 (accessions NASM.1985.0004 and NASM.1985.0006).

Original order of the materials, where identified, has been maintained.

Series in the collection are as follows:

I. I. Personal

II. II. Correspondence

III. III. Lincoln Beachey

IV. IV. Oversized Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Evert D. "Hud" Weeks of Des Moines, Iowa, first learned to fly in 1930. It was an experience that would guide his future life. A cosmetics manufacturer by trade, Weeks devoted his spare time to the collection and restoration of antique aircraft and the recreation of pioneer aircraft. To further this avocation, Weeks entered into correspondence with many early aviators and fellow collectors. Several of these were Early Birds, members of an organization having the distinction of soloing before December 17, 1916. Weeks possessed a strong interest in the career of the exhibition pilot, Lincoln Beachey.
Provenance:
E. D. "Hud" Weeks, gift, 1985, NASM.1985.0004
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Wright (Co) Model G Aeroboat  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Diaries
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Citation:
E. D. "Hud" Weeks Collection, Acc. NASM.1985.0004, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1985.0004
See more items in:
E. D. "Hud" Weeks Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1985-0004
Online Media:

US Army Air Service Copy Photographs [Relyea]

Creator:
Relyea, Eleanor  Search this
Names:
Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950  Search this
Foulois, Benjamin Delahauf, 1879-1967  Search this
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet ((2 folders))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
bulk 1909-1940
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following items copied from Mrs. Eleanor Relyea's album: eleven black and white 8 by 11 inch copy prints of early Air Service photography, including images of the Wright Military Flyer at Fort Myer, a portrait of Glenn Curtiss, images of air-to-air refueling, and images of General William L. "Billy" Mitchell with General Mason M. Patrick; a copy of a publication entitled "Flight in Literature" by Ernest Jones; a copy of a letter to Mrs. Relyea from General Benjamin Delahauf Foulois; and a copy of a memorandum from General Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold. There is also an original 10 by 13 inch black and white photograph of General Mitchell, signed by him to Mrs. Relyea.
Biographical / Historical:
Eleanor Relyea (d. 1951) started her employment with the U.S. War Department working as a clerk for the Signal Corps in 1905. She retired from the War Department in 1935, as a Chief Clerk of the US Army Air Corps. Mrs. Relyea compiled a photo album relating to her work with the Army Air Corps, which included photographs and letters from important aviation personalities, including General William L. "Billy" Mitchell.
Provenance:
Eleanor Ford, Gift, 2004
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Wright (Co) Type A Military (Signal Corps No. 1)  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
CUS Army Air Service Copy Photographs [Relyea], Acc. 2004-0050, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2004.0050
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2004-0050
Online Media:

Burdette S. Wright Diary

Creator:
Wright, Burdette S.  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Microfilms
Black-and-white negatives
Plans (drawings)
Date:
1917-1923
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of five rolls of microfilm (and a Diazo copy of each roll), 93 negatives, three 8.5 by 11 inch drawings of the SPAD XI A2 (S.11 A2), three 8.5 x 11 drawings of the Salmson 2 A2, a memorandum for Lieutenant McDarment, and a copy of Burdette Wright's certificate of appointment to First Lieutenant in the Air Service. The microfilm consists of a complete set (28 volumes) of Burdette Wright's diary from April 6, 1917 to February 15, 1949. The negatives are of select images from Wright's diary.
Biographical / Historical:
Burdette S. Wright was born in New Albany, Indiana, and received a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from Purdue University in 1915. He later attended George Washington University and obtained a law degree, and in 1925 received his Master's degree from Purdue. His aviation career began during World War I where he was an observer in France for the Army Air Corps. Following the war, Wright became General William (Billy) Mitchell's aide until 1922. When Mitchell was court-martialed in 1925, Wright testified in his defense. Wright set up the first system of air routes in the United States, and introduced various new features for safety and navigation. In 1928, Wright left the army and after two years of practicing law, he accepted a position with the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, of which he became president in 1933. Following the merger of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company with Wright Aircraft Company, Wright became vice president of manufacturing. Wright retired in 1950 and died in 1961 at the age of 67.
Provenance:
Elizabeth Burdette Wright, Gift, 1965
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Microfilms
Black-and-white negatives
Plans (drawings)
Citation:
Burdette S. Wright Diary, Accession number XXXX-0784, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0784
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0784

Curtiss-Wright Engine Drawings and Manuals Collection

Creator:
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
Names:
Curtiss-Wright Flight Systems, Inc.  Search this
United States. Air Force. Air Matériel Command.  Search this
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet ((25 microfilm boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Microfilms
Manuals
Bulletins
Reports
Date:
1944-1970
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of historical material from Curtiss-Wright Flight Systems, Inc. There are twenty-five rolls of microfilm pertaining to the Wright Aeronautical Division (which was responsible for the construction of aeronautical engines) and Air Materiel Command. In addition this collection contains various operating instructions for the Wright Cyclones and the Wright engines as well as publications on fuel injection service and overhaul instructions for the Wright engines. Other documents include a flight handbook for the Douglas, numerous schedules of spare parts for the Olympus engines, operation bulletins and indexes, and a report entitled, "The Effect of Humidity on Reciprocating Engine Performance."
Biographical / Historical:
The Curtiss-Wright Corporation was formed in June 1929 by the merger of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co. and the Wright Aeronautical Corporation. Curtiss-Wright operated in three main divisions: the Curtiss-Wright Airplane Division, which manufactured airframes until it closed down in 1951; the Wright Aeronautical Corporation, which produced aeronautical engines; and the Curtiss-Wright Propeller Division, which manufactured propellers. After 1929, most engines produced by the new company were known as Wrights, while most aircraft were given the Curtiss name, with a few exceptions. During World War I, the Curtiss company produced more aircraft than any other American manufacturer and became the largest aircraft and aircraft engine producer in the world. The Wright Aeronautical Corporation division produced air-cooled radial engines during the war that powered US fighter and bomber aircraft. During the first half of the 1930s, more than half of the company's revenues came from Wright Aeronautical, which provided a cushion that helped the other divisions survive during the Depression. In 1936 the Wright Aeronautical Corporation produced five distinct series of aircraft engines. They were the Wright Cyclones F and F-50; the Wright Cyclone G Series high-powered, nine cylinder radial air-cooled engines; the single-row Whirlwind series of five, seven and nine cylinders; the 14 cylinder Wright double-row Whirlwind Series; and the Curtiss Conquerors.
Provenance:
Curtiss-Wright Flight Systems, Inc., Gift, 2002
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Aerospace engineering  Search this
Curtiss, General, Aircraft  Search this
Curtiss V-1570 (V-1550) Conqueror  Search this
Wright Cyclone F 9-Cyl Radial  Search this
Wright Cyclone F-50 9-Cyl Radial  Search this
Wright Cyclone G 9-Cyl Radial  Search this
Wright Whirlwind  Search this
Genre/Form:
Microfilms
Manuals
Bulletins
Reports
Citation:
Curtiss-Wright Engine Drawings and Manuals Collection, Accession 2002-0028, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2002.0028
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2002-0028

Matthew Bacon Sellers II Collection

Creator:
Sellers, Matthew Bacon, II, 1869-1932  Search this
Names:
1909 Fort Myer Military Trials  Search this
Sellers, Matthew Bacon, II, 1869-1932  Search this
Extent:
0.68 Cubic Feet ((2 legal document boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Reports
Photographs
Correspondence
Notes
Diaries
Place:
Fort Myer (Va.)
Date:
1889-1924
Scope and Contents:
This donation includes the following: eighteen diaries of Sellers, 1899-1903 and 1907-1909; his laboratory daybook in which he wrote many of the details of his aeronautical work; Sellers' personal correspondence, 1899-1917; photographs, including images of Sellers quadruplane hang gliders, wind tunnels, and biplane; photographs by Sellers of the Wright Model A at the 1909 Fort Myer Military Trials; miscellaneous reports; and family papers.
Biographical / Historical:
Matthew Bacon Sellers II (1869 - 1932) received a LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1893 and during 1893-94 studied chemistry, physics, and mechanical arts from the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard University, and Drexel Institute. From childhood, Sellers exhibited an interest in artificial flight, making his own kites, hot-air and hydrogen balloons, and various kinds of 'mechanical birds.' In 1903 Sellers began to direct his full attention to aeronautical research and invention. From 1903 to 1925, Sellers was involved with building gliders, aircraft and wind tunnels to accurately measure lift and drag of various airfoil curves. Sellers made his first powered hop in 1908 and among the mechanical innovations that he received patents on was an undercarriage design featuring retractable wheels. He was considered a leading authority on aerodynamics and was appointed to several boards, including the Aerodynamic Laboratory Commission, and the Naval Consulting Board as an expert on aviation and related matters. Sellers was also the technical editor of 'Aeronautics' and authored 30 articles on aerodynamics.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
John Clark Sellers and Matthew Bacon Sellers III, Gift, 1986, 1986-0050, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aerodynamics  Search this
Wind tunnels  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Sellers 1908 Quadruplane (Sellers No 5)  Search this
Sellers 1909 Quadruplane (Sellers No 6)  Search this
Sellers 1924 Multiplane  Search this
Wright (Co) Type A Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Reports
Photographs
Correspondence
Notes
Diaries
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0050
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0050

Wright at the moment : published weekly in the interests of the Wright Aeronautical Corporation employees

Author:
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation Wright Aeronautical Division  Search this
Subject:
Wright Aeronautical Corporation Periodicals  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation Wright Aeronautical Division Periodicals  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill., ports. ; 40 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
194u
194u?]-
Call number:
HD8039.A23 W948
HD8039.A23W948
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_380999

Wright at the moment : published weekly in the interests of the Wright Aeronautical Corporation employees

Author:
Wright Aeronautical Corporation  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation Wright Aeronautical Division  Search this
Subject:
Wright Aeronautical Corporation Periodicals  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation Wright Aeronautical Division Periodicals  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill., ports. ; 40 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
194u
194u?]-
Call number:
HD8039.A23 W947
HD8039.A23W947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_381000

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