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Rand History Project Interviews

Creator:
Collins, Martin  Search this
Names:
Rand Corporation  Search this
United States. Air Force  Search this
Augenstein, Bruno W.  Search this
Bacher, Robert.  Search this
Barlow, Edward J.  Search this
Belzer, Robert  Search this
Blasingame, Paul  Search this
Bowles, Edward  Search this
Collbohm, Frank  Search this
Collins, Martin  Search this
Davies, Merton E.  Search this
DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-  Search this
Frick, Richard Henry, 1916-  Search this
Henderson, Lawrence  Search this
Hitch, Charles Johnston  Search this
Katz, Amron H.  Search this
King, Scott  Search this
Klein, Burton H.  Search this
Novick, David  Search this
Palmatier, Malcolm  Search this
Plessett, Ernst  Search this
Quade, Edward  Search this
Raymond, Arthur  Search this
Rumph, Ben  Search this
Salter, Robert  Search this
Schriever, Bernard  Search this
Shubert, Gustave.  Search this
Specht, Robert D.  Search this
Speier, Hans.  Search this
Tanham, George  Search this
Thompson, Crawford  Search this
Wohlstetter, Albert.  Search this
Extent:
2.35 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Date:
1985-1990
Summary:
The Rand History Project Interviews constitute one of several oral history projects conducted within the National Air and Space Musuem's Department of Space History. The principal investigator for this project was Martin Collins and the following individuals were interviewed: Bruno Augenstein, Robert Bacher (with Lee DuBridge), Edward Barlow, Robert Belzer, Paul Blasingame, Edward Bowles, Frank Collbohm, Merton Davies, Richard Frick, Lawrence Henderson, Charles Hitch, Amrom Katz, Scott King, Burt Klein, David Novick, Malcolm Palmatier, Ernst Plessett, Edward Quade, Arthur Raymond, Ben Rumph, Robert Salter, Bernard Schriever, Gustave Shubert, Robert Specht, Hans Speier, George Tanham, Crawford Thompson, and Albert Wohlstetter.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the compact audio cassettes and transcripts for the Rand History Project interviews, which is a dual institutional study of the RAND Corporation and its military sponsor, the Air Force. This collection covers the period 1945 though the early 1960s and consists of 104 hours of interviews with 29 individuals. The RAND interviews were conceived as another angle of inquiry on the relations between expert knowledge and the military in the early Cold War. RAND drew together engineers, scientists, and mathematicians whose specialties were oriented toward military hardware design and the physical sciences and sociologists, political scientists, economists, psychologists, and other social science and humanities specialists. All were organized within a single institution to study the problem of warfare in the cold War, especially from the perspective of the Air Force.
Arrangement:
The RAND History Project Interviews are arranged alphabetically by interviewee. Series I (boxes 1-9) contains interviews on audio cassette tapes. Series II (boxes 10-12) contains the transcripts.
Biographical/Historical note:
This collection contains the interviews for the RAND History Project Interviews. These interviews explore the non-profit research firm's efforts to study the various problems of U.S. national security during the Cold War, in particular, from the perspective of the U.S. Air force (USAF). RAND brought together physical scientists, political scientists, sociologists, engineers and mathematicians and organized them within this single institution to pursue such research efforts. The RAND Project constitutes one of a number of oral history endeavors conducted by the National Air and Space Museum's (NASM) Department of Space History. The principal (though, by no means the only) interviewer for this project was Martin Collins, and the interview set consists of 104 hours of interviews with 38 individuals. The following people were interviewed for this project: Bruno Augenstein, Robert Bacher (with Lee DuBridge), Edward Barlow, Robert Belzer, Paul Blasingame, Edward Bowles, Charles Carey, Frank Collbohm, Merton Davies, Robert Davis, James Digby, Gene Fisher, Richard Frick, Olaf Helmer, Lawrence Henderson, Charles Hitch, Victor Jackson, Amrom Katz, Scott King, Burt Klein, Charles Lindblom, Hugh Miser, David Novick, Malcolm Palmatier, Ernst Plessett, Edward Quade, Arthur Raymond, Ben Rumph, Robert Salter, Bernard Schriever, Lloyd Shapley, Gustave Shubert, Robert Specht, Hans Speier, George Tanham, Crawford Thompson, and Albert Wohlstetter.
Related Materials:
Similar materials, specifically a series of videohistories on the same topic, are housed in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in the The Research and Development (RAND) Corporation Interviews, local collection number SIA 9536.
Provenance:
Department of Space History, NASM, Transfer, 1999, NASM.1999.0037, Varies.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Military art and science  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Astronautics and state  Search this
Aeronautical engineers  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Aeronautics designers  Search this
Cold War  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Citation:
Rand History Project Interviews, Acc. NASM.1999.0037, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0037
See more items in:
Rand History Project Interviews
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0037
Online Media:

Changes in the Soviet Military Leadership Since 1987

Author:
Zamascikov, Sergei  Search this
Publisher:
Rand Corporation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
57 Digital images
Container:
Box 33, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Digital images
Date:
December 1990
Scope and Contents:
Sergei Zamascikov, "Changes in the Soviet Military Leadership Since 1987," RAND Corp report. N-3188-USDP, December 1990.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 4: Soviet Union and Russia (post World War II, 1946-Onwards)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref1075

Desert Storm and Its Meaning - The View from Moscow

Author:
Lambeth, Benjamin S. (RAND Corp)  Search this
Publisher:
Rand Corporation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
113 Pages
Container:
Box 33, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Pages
Date:
1992
Scope and Contents:
Benjamin S. Lambeth, Desert Storm and Its Meaning - The View from Moscow PROJECT AIR FORCE, RAND Corp report R-4164-AF (Santa Monica: RAND, 1992).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 4: Soviet Union and Russia (post World War II, 1946-Onwards)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref1099

Hildegard Korf Kallmann-Bijl Collection

Creator:
Kallmann-Bijl, Hildegard Korf, Dr., 1908-1968.  Search this
Names:
Project RAND  Search this
Rand Corporation  Search this
Extent:
2.8 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Charts
Publications
Correspondence
Maps
Date:
1949-1980
bulk 1949-1968
Summary:
This collection consists of Kallmann-Bijl's professional files, The material consists of correspondence, photographs, and newspaper and magazine articles, as well as research files covering her professional career (1949-68). The collection also includes copies of a number of Kallmann-Bijl's publications.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection contains copies of published and unpublished technical papers written by Dr. Kallmann-Bijl and other scientists dealing with the atmosphere and space exploration. There are also correspondence, awards, handwritten notes, calculations, newspaper articles, photographs, negatives and two slides. In addition, there is some material regarding Dr. Kallmann-Bijl's involvement with various professional organizations such as the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This material includes copies of technical papers, programs and proceedings from these organizations.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as follows:

Series 1

Dr. Kallman-Bijl's personal papers

Biographical information

Series 2

Technical papers written by other scholars

Technical papers by unknown authors

Series 3

Organizations

Series 4

Miscellaneous materials
Biographical Note:
Dr. Hildegard Gertrud Helen Korf Kallmann-Bijl (1908-1968) was one of the most active pioneers in her examination of the physics of high atmosphere for the flight calculations of satellites. Before the first satellite reached its orbit, she had calculated a theoretical extrapolation of a model of the atmosphere which gave physicists a whole year's lead. The lifespan of the satellite could be predicted with the "Kallmann Atmosphere." Dr. Kallmann then made satellite measurements in relation to this atmospheric model, again to perfection. In 1961, she published a paper on the International Reference Atmosphere. With this foundation, she was able to forecast the landing spot with accurate precision for the astronauts and cosmonauts.

Hildegard Korf was born on September 18, 1908 in Gelsenkirchen, Germany. She was raised in the Catholic faith and educated in Catholic boarding schools. By 1929, Ms. Korf had earned the equivalent of her bachelor's degree at the University of Berlin, in Philosophy. She then enrolled in classes at the Technische Hoch Schule and majored in Metallurgy. While attending school, Ms. Korf volunteered her free time to work for the Journalism Institute at the University of Berlin where she gained experience in the editorial business. She later worked three years as an editor for the Deutscher Press Publishers.

While at the university, Hildegard Korf became friends with Julie Braun. It was she who developed in Ms. Korf a sensitivity for Goethe and the worlds of science and art. However, Julie Braun was forced to leave Germany because of her Jewish faith. The Korfs were not persecuted because they were considered three quarters "Aryan" and one quarter "non-Aryan," but by the 1930's the Korfs were not allowed full political freedom. Julie Braun left her estate in Zehlendorf in the care of Ms. Korf and her attorney, Curt Kallmann. There was little Curt Kallmann could do to protect Julie's property because he too was Jewish. One evening in 1939, Kallmann called Hildegard Korf and told her that the Gestapo was on their way to arrest him. With the help of Dr. Benno Hahn, Ms. Korf was able to get herself and Curt Kallmann out of Germany and on their way to Sweden. The Dresden Zeiss Works, where Ms. Korf had worked since 1936, asked her to return and "guaranteed" that no action would be taken against her, but Hildegard Korf felt that she had burned her bridge behind her and never went back to Germany. Kallman suffered a nervous breakdown while in Sweden, and since he was unable to travel alone to the United States, the American Council suggested to Ms. Korf that she travel as his wife. Because of laws existing then, it took an intervention of a Catholic Bishop in Sweden to bring about their marriage. They made the journey to America and their marriage lasted until 1958. Dr. Hildegard Kallmann divorced Curt Kallman but continued to support him until her death.

Dr. Hildegard Kallmann later married Jan Bijl, a Dutchman who had spent several years in a German concentration camp for acting as a Dutch courier while in exile in London. At the time of their marriage, Bijl was the Vice-President of Fokker Aviation at Shiphol near Amsterdam. Unfortunately, Jan Bijl died on December 9, 1963. Dr. Hildegard Kallmann-Bijl died suddenly of a heart attack on November 7, 1968.

Between the years of 1949-1963, Dr. Kallmann-Bijl published approximately 35 papers on ionospheric research, meteor research, high altitude research, solid propellant research, national space research and international space research. Dr. Kallmann-Bijl will always be remembered for her contributions in early astrophysical studies at national and international laboratories.
Provenance:
Frank Korf, gift, 1989, 1989-0042
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Topic:
Astrophysics  Search this
Geophysics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Charts
Publications
Correspondence
Maps
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0042
See more items in:
Hildegard Korf Kallmann-Bijl Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0042
Online Media:

Defeat, not merely compete : China's view of its military aerospace goals and requirements in relation to the United States / Scott W. Harold

Title:
China's view of its military aerospace goals and requirements in relation to the United States
Author:
Harold, Scott 1975-  Search this
Sponsor:
United States Air Force  Search this
Issuing body:
Project Air Force (U.S.) Strategy and Doctrine Program  Search this
Publisher:
Rand Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 58 pages : illustration ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
China
Date:
2018
Topic:
Air power  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Military policy  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105636

Cold War laboratory : RAND, the Air Force, and the American state, 1945-1950 / Martin J. Collins

Author:
Collins, Martin J. 1951-  Search this
Subject:
Rand Corporation History  Search this
United States Air Force History  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 278 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
C2002
20th century
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military--Research  Search this
Cold War  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_700194

[Technical reports on flow and drag due to supersonic jets discharging upstream into a supersonic flow, competition in the procurement of military hard goods, hyperbolic navigation, fatigue, evaluation of transport aircraft, and the role of air transport in the harmonious evolution of underdeveloped countries]

Author:
Rand Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
<7> v. : ill
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1953
1953-
Topic:
Drag (Aerodynamics)  Search this
Supersonic planes  Search this
Defense contracts  Search this
Hyperbolic navigation  Search this
Materials--Fatigue  Search this
Transport planes--Evaluation  Search this
Aeronautics--Developing countries  Search this
Economic development  Search this
Call number:
TL507 .R186
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_472859

Katalog der Bibliothek

Author:
Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung Bibliothek  Search this
Printer:
Germany Reichsdruckerei  Search this
Donor:
Rand Corporation Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung Bibliothek  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 391, [83] pages 30 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Bibliography
Date:
1943
[1943]
Topic:
Science--Bibliography  Search this
Technology--Bibliography  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Call number:
Z881 .D98 1943X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1060613

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