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Electronics Box, Main, Shuttle

Manufacturer:
Ball Aerospace Systems Division  Search this
Manufactured for:
NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum
Gold
Plastic
Cotton
Ink
Polyurethane
Paint
Dimensions:
Other: 5 1/2in. x 1ft 6 1/8in. x 1ft 2 1/4in. (13.97 x 46.04 x 36.2cm)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Electronics
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19970492000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv97ed5926f-085e-43cb-a0fb-1c77fa232a58
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19970492000

Untitled (Neil Armstrong)

Artist:
Robert McCurdy, born 1952  Search this
Sitter:
Neil Alden Armstrong, 5 Aug 1930 - 25 Aug 2012  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 185.4 × 172.7 × 5.1 cm (73 × 68 × 2")
Type:
Painting
Date:
2012
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Painting  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Male  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Military\Navy\Pilot  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Science and Technology\Engineer\Aeronautical  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Science and Technology\Engineer\Aerospace  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Military\Navy  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Neil Alden Armstrong: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Ian M. and Annette P. Cumming
Object number:
NPG.2019.139
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 2012 Robert McCurdy
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: The Cumming Family Collection (Part 1)
On View:
NPG, North Gallery 220
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48c8070db-6904-4481-b736-099a7f63067e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2019.139

John Young

Alternate Title:
John Young in Snoopy Cap
Artist:
Henry C. Casselli, Jr., born 25 October 1946  Search this
Sitter:
John Watts Young, 24 Sep 1930 - 05 Jan 2018  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and pencil sketch on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 41.2 x 34 cm (16 1/4 x 13 3/8")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6 cm (22 x 16")
Type:
Drawing
Place:
United States\Florida\Brevard\Cape Canaveral
Date:
1981
Topic:
John Watts Young: Male  Search this
John Watts Young: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
John Watts Young: Military\Navy\Pilot  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Taylor Energy Company LLC
Object number:
NPG.2008.49
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Henry C. Casselli, Jr.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1960-2000
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 342
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45a6cc45c-07b2-4b84-97a5-4c3b7e65e817
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2008.49

Helmut von Zborowski Photo Album

Creator:
von Zborowski, Helmut Philip  Search this
Names:
Bayerische Motoren Werke  Search this
Bureau Technique Zborowski  Search this
Societe d'Etudes de la Propulsion par Reaction (SEPR)  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Photographs
Albums
Date:
1939-1960
Scope and Contents:
This album 10 x 7 inches and contains 88 original photographs, taken from 1939 to 1960, of many of Zborowski's rocket, jet and coleopter projects, as well as 6 printed drawings.
Biographical / Historical:
Helmut Philip von Zborowski was a significant figure in early rocket and jet engine development. A contemporary of Werner von Braun, Zborowski worked on rocket and jet development for BMW during World War II, afterwards going to France and serving as a research engineer for the Société d'Etudes de la Propulsion par Réaction (SEPR). Zborowski later founded his own company, Bureau Technique Zborowski.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Stefan and Sylvia Eihhorn, Purchase, 2001, 2001-0060, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Coanda effect  Search this
Vertically rising aircraft  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Research  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Rocket engines  Search this
Airplanes -- Jet propulsion  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Albums
Identifier:
NASM.2001.0060
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2001-0060

Short Brothers Aircraft Photo Album

Creator:
Short Brothers Ltd.  Search this
Names:
Short Brothers (Rochester & Bedford) Ltd.  Search this
Short Brothers Ltd.  Search this
Short, Albert Eustace  Search this
Short, Horace Leonard  Search this
Short, Hugh Oswald  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Albums
Date:
1908-1944
Scope and Contents:
'A Photographic Record of 'Short' Aircraft Designed & Constructed by Short Brothers (Rochester & Bedford) Ltd. in the Period 1908-1944.' Album contains 69 photographs by V. E. Galloway with historical descriptive text by L. Stedman. The introduction which starts the album gives a brief overview of the history of the British aircraft manufacturing company of Short Brothers from its inception through 1944. Its author describes the contents of the album as follows: 'The pages that follow contain a pictorial record of aircraft types produced since 1908... an ancestral line of which the firm of Short Brothers may feel justly proud.'
Biographical / Historical:
In November 1908, Hugh Oswald, Albert Eustace, and Horace Leonard Short established Short Brothers Ltd to build Wright aircraft under license in England. In 1919 the name was revised to Short Brothers (Rochester & Bedford) Ltd. In 1936 Short Brothers convinced the British Air Ministry to establish a new factory in Belfast and established Short & Harland Ltd, jointly owned by Short Brothers and Harland & Wolff, to manage the plant. In November 1947 Short Brothers and Short & Harland merged to form Short Brothers & Harland Ltd of Belfast. In June 1977 the company readopted the name Short Brothers Ltd. By the 1980s, 100% of the company stock was held by the British Government and, in 1984, the company was renamed Short Brothers PLC. In October 1989 the company was purchased by Bombardier Inc of Canada to become the European Group of Bombardier Aerospace, although the company still operates under the Short Brothers name.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Institution of the Aeronautical Sciences, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0538, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft industry  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Short Brothers Aircraft Family  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Albums
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0538
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0538

Wright Aeronautical Company, Paterson, New Jersey, Factory Construction Photographs

Names:
Wright Aeronautical Corp  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Albums
Date:
1927-1928
Scope and Contents:
No aviation topics are illustrated in this collection. The photographs do give excellent views of construction techniques (such as reinforced concrete construction) and equipment in use in the 1927-1928 period, including numerous steam shovels and a very large stationary crane. The backgrounds of the photographs give very good views of the railroad lines running along one side of the site (many showing steam engines pulling trains) and of the Paterson neighborhoods surrounding the site. All photographs are exterior views, with the sole exception of photo no. 1095-16, which is an interior view.
Biographical / Historical:
This small album contains a series of 86 photographs depicting the construction by the John W. Ferguson Company of factory buildings at a site in Paterson, New Jersey, for the Wright Aeronautical Company. Photographs were taken by an unknown photographer during the period of December 4, 1927 through November 17, 1928, and are of excellent quality. The photographs are grouped sequentially and chronologically into four different 'contract' series; each series would appear to record the construction of a different building or subgroup of buildings on the site.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Found in collection, 1/4/1999, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0606, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft industry  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Construction industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Albums
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0606
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0606

Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album

Creator:
Stupe, Albert  Search this
Stupe, Willy  Search this
Names:
Boelcke, Oswald, 1891-1916  Search this
Brandenburg, Ernst, 1883-1952  Search this
Hindenburg, Paul von, 1847-1934  Search this
Kaiser Wilhelm II  Search this
Richthofen, Manfred, Freiherr von, 1892-1918  Search this
Stupe, Albert  Search this
Stupe, Willy  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Date:
1895-1919
Summary:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album (acc. 1991.0037) shows German soldiers in both formal and informal settings; living quarters and airfields; airplanes and the bombs they dropped; and the towns in which the military installments were situated. A variety of aircraft and high profile personalities also appear in this album.
Scope and Contents:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album contains photographs of soldiers of the 95th and 135th Infantry Regiments. The photographs record soldier life in both formal and informal settings, showing their living quarters and airfields; the airplanes they flew and the bombs they dropped; as well as the towns in which the airfields were situated. Several pages are dedicated to Kampfgeschwader 3, the England-Geschwader. It was this bomber squadron, under the command of Captain Ernst Brandenburg, that was responsible for the bombing of London by airplanes, an achievement which earned both Captain Brandenburg and his successor, Captain Rudolf Kleine, the Pour le Mérite.

A variety of aircraft also appear in this album, including: Gotha G.IV, Fokker E.II, LFG Roland, and LVG C.III. A number of images document the visits of high-profile German personalities to the units--Kaiser Wilhelm, General von Hindenberg, and Germany's most famous ace, Baron von Richthofen--while several photographs memorialize the funeral of flying ace Oswald Boelcke.
Arrangement:
The Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album is in its original order. A group of ten postcards in folder two (acc. 1991.0054) are in no particular order.
Biographical/Historical note:
Willy Stupe (1889-1951) and his younger brother Albert (1891-1917) were born in Coburg, Germany, where they also began their military service. The brothers both served in the 95th Infantry Regiment (6th Thuringian) at some point during their military careers. Leutnant Albert Stupe was a decorated officer, having received two Iron Crosses and other combat medals. World War I German casualty lists for 1914-1919 show that Albert, who is said to have been a pilot, was killed in action on July 31, 1917.

Willy spent some of his military service as a paymaster and is said to have served in a motorcycle unit. He immigrated to the United States in 1921, declaring (as Willy Stuppe) his intentions be become an American citizen. Willy lived out the rest of his days with his wife, Cora Caesar, working as a merchant in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, area until his death in 1951.
Provenance:
Kevin B. Skinner, Gift, 1991, 1991.0037, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Germany  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
LFG Roland Family  Search this
Fokker E.II (M 14)  Search this
Gotha G.IV  Search this
LVG C.III  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Germany  Search this
War -- World War I soldiers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums
Photographs
Citation:
Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album, Acc. 1991.0037, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0037
See more items in:
Albert and Willy Stupe World War I Photograph Album
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0037
Online Media:

Edward V. Rickenbacker Microfilm Collection

Creator:
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Fokker Aircraft Corp  Search this
United States. Air Force. Military Air Transport Service  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 1st Pursuit Group. 94th Aero Squadron  Search this
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((5 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Reports
Date:
1913-1973
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two annual reports, two photograph albums, and a set of microfilm of 26 scrapbooks. The scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings chronicling Rickenbacker's aviation career. The two photo albums are as follows: 'In Commemoration of the Dedication of the Rickenbacker Foundation,' and 'The Great Silver Fleet,' which features imagery from the 1941 Georgia crash. There are also two annual reports: United Aircraft and Transport Corporation First Annual Report to Stockholders,' 1929 and 'Central Airlines Annual Report, 1965.'
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker (1890-1973) had only a sixth grade education but became a leading aviation figure in both military and civilian circles. Rickenbacker was a fighter ace during World War I, where as a member of the 94th Aero Squadron he shot down 22 German aircraft and 4 observation balloons. He became a colonel in the Army Air Reserves and during WWII helped form the Military Air Transport Services. In the civilian sector, Rickenbacker worked at several airlines, including Fokker Aircraft Corporation and American Airways, before going to work at Eastern Airlines in 1934. In 1939 Rickenbacker became Eastern's president and chairman, positions he held until 1963.
General:
Note: The physical scrapbooks were deaccessioned to Auburn University Library in 1996. The National Air and Space Museum holds a microfilm copy.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Estate of Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, unknown, 1973, XXXX-0525, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Reports
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0525
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0525

Greville I. Bathe Papers

Creator:
Bathe, Greville  Search this
Names:
Evans, Oliver, 1766-1819  Search this
Perkins, Jacob, 1766-1849  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Patents
Wills
Notebooks
Genealogies
Letters
Pamphlets
Articles
Writings
Design drawings
Catalogs
Date:
bulk 1933-1944
1893-1985
Scope and Contents note:
Papers contain archival materials comprising Bathe's research on Oliver Evans (1755-1819), an American engineer engaged in the development of steam engines. The collection includes copies of letters, design drawings, pamphlets and a book written by Evans, patents, a scrapbook, articles, genealogical information, Evans's will, and writings by Bathe on Evans, including his book about him. Correspondence with libraries and other scholars is included, as are papers relating to the book such as reviews, notebooks, and papers relating to the printing and publishing. There is also research material on American engineer Jacob Perkins, for Bathe's books Citizen Genet (1946), Horizontal Windmills (1948), and Ship of Destiny...Merrimac (1951), and assorted trade catalogs and materials pertaining to Bathe's manufacturing companies in London and Philadelphia. A photograph album compiled by Bathe containing photographs and sketches of models built by Bathe is also included.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1: Correspdondence, 1893-1960

Series 2: Photographs, 1897-1954

Series 3: Writings, 1933-1960

Series 4: Catalogs/Trade Literature, 1905-1985

Series 5: Research about Oliver Evans (1955-1819), 1933-1962

Series 6: Research about Jacob Perkins (1766-1849), 1937-1944

Series 7: Miscellaneous, 1919-1980
Biographical:
Greville I. Bathe (1883-1964) was born in Cambridge, England. He attended the London Polytechnic Institute, earning a degree in mechanical engineering. Bathe worked in England as a model maker and in 1919 came to the United States to establish a model making business in Philadelphia which he ran until 1936. Bathe retired to Florida in 1948.

Bathe built and collected working scale models of steam engines, a hobby that dates to his childhood in England. During his lifetime he amassed a significant library of books (1,500) on the history of technology before and after the Industrial Revolution. Bathe wrote extensively about steam engines and was the author of many articles and books which included Jacob Perkins: His Inventions, His Times, and His Contemporaries (1943), Horizontal windmills, draft mills and similar air-flow engines (1948), The rise and decline of the paddle-wheel (1962), The St. John's Railroad, 1858 to 1895: a contemporary history of a pioneer railroad (1958), and his definitive biography of Oliver Evans (1935).
Related Materials:
Swarthmore College Libraries

Bathe Collection in the History of Technology

The Bathe Collection is comprised of some 1,500 volumes on the history of technology before and after the Industrial Revolution. The collection was willed to Swarthmore by Greville Bathe, author of several books on the history of technology, and contains primary source material from the 16th through 18th centuries as well as contemporary bibliographies, biographies, histories, and secondary materials. The collection's range of subject matter extends from steam engines and their inventors to post-Newtonian mechanics, early aeronautics, and the Atlantic cable. In addition, it includes Greville Bathe's books, galley proofs, and manuscripts.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History holds artifacts related to Greville I. Bathe, specifically scale models built by Bathe.
Provenance:
Originally a bequest to the National Museum of American History from Greville I. Bathe.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Windmills  Search this
Engineering -- History  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Patents
Wills
Notebooks
Genealogies
Letters
Pamphlets -- 19th century
Articles
Writings
Design drawings
Catalogs
Citation:
Archives Center, Greville I. Bathe Papers, 1933-1967, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0970
See more items in:
Greville I. Bathe Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0970

The Federal Express Advertising History Collection

Interviewer:
Ellsworth, Scott, Dr.  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Fallon McElligott Advertising Agency  Search this
Federal Express Corporation  Search this
Names:
Ally & Gargano, Inc. (advertising agency)  Search this
Collector:
Archives Center, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Interviewee:
Ally, Carl  Search this
Altenburg, Nancy  Search this
Burnham, Patrick  Search this
Frazier, Sharon  Search this
Gargano, Amil  Search this
Kelly, Patrick  Search this
Miller, William B.  Search this
Moschitta, John (actor)  Search this
Oliver, Tom  Search this
Presley, Carol  Search this
Sedelmaier, Joe (filmmaker)  Search this
Smith, Fred  Search this
Tesch, Mike  Search this
Williams, Carl  Search this
Extent:
6.6 Cubic feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Oral history
Commercials
Videotapes
Clippings
Storyboards
Posters
Audiocassettes
Abstracts
Advertisements
Audiotapes
Place:
Memphis (Tenn.)
Minneapolis (Minn.)
Chicago (Ill.)
Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Date:
1972-1989
Summary:
Created in 1971, the Federal Express Corporation, an overnight air freight delivery system was an innovative company known for its memorable advertising campaigns. The core of the Federal Express Advertising History Collection is a series of interviews conducted in 1988 by Dr. Scott Ellsworth. Twenty-five individuals associated with Federal Express advertising were interviewed about the company and its award-winning advertising.
Scope and Contents:
The Federal Express Advertising Collection documents the dvelopment of the overnight air freight delivery company with particular emphasis on the innovative advertising campaigns used to introduce and promote the company's services. The oral histories with individuals associated with both Federal Express Corporation and the advertising agencies form the core of the collection. Abstracts that provide biographical information and summaries of the interviews supplement the oral histories. Research files and company publications provide background information. Television commercials and print advertising contain examples, particularly illustrating the campaigns discussed in the interviews.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1, Research Files, 1972-1988

Subseries 1.1, Federal Express Clippings Files

Subseries 1.2, Federal Express Research Reports

Subseries 1.3, Research Files

Series 2, Interviewee Files, 1988

Series 3, Oral History Interviews, 1988

Subseries 3.1, Original Interviews

Subseries 3.2, Researcher Copies

Subseries 3.3, Masters

Series 4, Television Advertising, 1973-1989

Subseries 4.1, Television Commercials

Subseries 4.2, Storyboards

Subseries 4.3, Slides and Photographs

Series 5, Print Advertising, 1972-1988

Subseries 5.1, Federal Express Print Advertising

Subseries 5.2, Federal Express Mechanicals

Subseries 5.3, Slides of Mechanicals and International Marketing

Subseries 5.4, Federal Express Posters

Subseries 5.5, Print Reference Materials

Series 6, Public Relations Materials, 1973-1988

Series 7, Company Publications, 1973-1988

Series 8, Miscellaneous, Undated
Biographical / Historical:
In 1971, Fred Smith of Memphis, Tennessee created the Federal Express Corporation, an overnight air freight delivery system. He based his idea for a new approach to the air freight delivery service on the "hub and spoke system." According to Smith's innovative model, a fleet of airplanes would fly packages from cities across the nation each evening to a central "hub" in Memphis, where the parcels would be unloaded, sorted, and re-loaded onto other planes for travel to their final destinations. Smith's objective was two-fold: to expedite delivery of the parcels and to ensure their security in the process.

In 1977, Congress passed the Air Cargo Deregulation Act. This enabled Federal Express to fly much larger planes and to expand its business without substantial capital investment. During its first decade of existence, the corporation achieved remarkable success, enjoying its first billion-dollar revenue in 1981.

Federal Express originally employed two advertising agencies: Ally & Gargano, Inc. of New York City (1974-1987) and Fallon McElligott of Minneapolis (1987 - 1994). In its early years, Federal Express was attracted to Ally & Gargano due to the agency's small size and its entrepreneurial spirit. Fred Smith believed these traits would foster the creativity necessary for original and effective advertising to introduce Federal Express. It was the responsibility of the agency to convince customers not only to abandon such incumbants in the industry as Emery, United Parcel Service and the U.S. Postal Service, but also to trust Federal Express, a newcomer.

Ally & Gargano targeted the professional community and the general public through print advertisements and television commercials. Especially in the latter medium, the agency used humor as its primary marketing technique, emphasizing competitors' "slowness" and "unreliability." In 1981, the agency launched a series of widely acclaimed ads with John Moschitta as the "Fast Talking Man." The slogan "When it absolutely, positively has to be there overnight" seen at the close of most commercials served as a practical reminder of Federal Express' function.

Federal Express moved its account from Ally & Gargano to Fallon McElligott in 1987. Fallon McElligott's first television campaign used the phrase "It's more than just a package -- it's your business" and depicted scenes of different work environments. The campaign stressed the seriousness with which Federal Express handled its customers' parcels. In 1988, Federal Express was a sponsor of the Winter Olympics.
Related Materials:
Ally and Gargano, Inc. Print Advertisements (AC0938)
Provenance:
Made by the Smithsonian Institution and donated by the Federal Express Corporation, 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Television advertising  Search this
Advertising campaigns  Search this
advertising -- History  Search this
Broadcast advertising  Search this
Service industries  Search this
Overnight delivery service  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- Freight  Search this
Business -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews -- 1970-1990
Oral history
Commercials
Videotapes
Clippings
Storyboards
Posters
Audiocassettes
Abstracts
Advertisements
Audiotapes
Citation:
The Federal Express Advertising History Collection, 1972-1989, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smiithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0306
See more items in:
The Federal Express Advertising History Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0306

Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)

Names:
Campbell, Kim  Search this
Custodio, Olga E.  Search this
Deal, Sarah M.  Search this
Duckworth, Tammy, 1968-  Search this
Engel, Connie  Search this
Harris, Stayce D.  Search this
Leavitt, Jeannie Marie Flynn  Search this
Linnington, Abigail  Search this
Malachowski, Nicole M. E.  Search this
McFetridge, Patricia A.  Search this
McKnight, Claudia  Search this
Murphy , Sally Dale  Search this
Oslund, Joellen M. Drag  Search this
Shults, Tammie Jo, 1961-  Search this
Van Ovost, Jacqueline Desiree  Search this
Young, Lucy  Search this
Extent:
0.97 Cubic feet (2 letter document boxes.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
2019-2020
Summary:
This collection consists of interviews and related documents for each of the military pilots selected for The Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI).
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following digital assets: video, audio, photographs, and pdf files for each of the women interviewed by the The Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI). There is also a folder for each interviewee which contains a printed copy of the transcript and other related documentation.
Arrangement:
Arrangement is alphabetically by interviewee's last name.
Biographical / Historical:
The Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI) was conceived by former National Air and Space Museum Verville Fellow, Lieutenant Colonel Monica Smith (Retired) in July 2018. Fifteen veteran women aviators participate in MWAOHI: five participants from the United States Air Force, five from the United States Army, four from the United States Navy, two from the United States Coast Guard (both also flew in the Army), and one from the United States Marine Corps. Five are among the first military women to earn wings, seven are combat aircraft and/or combat zone aviators, and three are flag officers. The interviewees are as follows: Lieutenant Colonel Olga Custodio (Retired; Lieutenant Colonel Sarah Deal; Lieutenant Commander Tammy Duckworth (Retired); Lieutenant Colonel Connie Engel (Retired); Lieutenant General Stayce Harris (Retired); Major General Jeannie Leavitt; Colonel Abigail Linnington (Retired); Colonel Nicole Malachowski (Retired); Captain Patricia McFetridge (Retired); Commander Claudia McKnight (Retired); Colonel Sally Murply (Retired); Captain Joellen Oslund (Retired); Lieutenant Commander Tammie Shults; Lieutenant General Jacqueline Van Ovost; and Captain Lucy Young (Retired). Additionally, a sixteenth interview of Colonel Kim "K. C." Campbell was conducted in January of 2020 by NASM curator Michael Hankins.
Provenance:
Monica Smith for NASM, Transfer, 2020, NASM.2020.0005
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women and the military  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Video recording  Search this
Citation:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI), NASM.2020.0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0005
See more items in:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2020-0005

Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection

Creator:
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Extent:
4.36 Cubic feet (4 records center boxes)
4.16 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1960s-1970s
Summary:
This collection consists of 355 biographies written by Harold E. Morehouse and intended for publication. These biographies discuss Morehouse's fellow early aviation pioneers, many of whom belong to the Early Birds, an organization open to those who soloed before December 17, 1916. Each biography discusses the subject's life and the majority of biographies include a photograph of the individual.
Contents note:
The Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies Collection (accession XXXX-0450) contains approximately four cubic feet of material. It is also known as The Harold and Marvel Morehouse Aviation Pioneers Collection. The collection includes photographs, negatives, and typewritten material.
Arrangement note:
Container List: Series I: Biographies of Flying Pioneers; Series II: Miscellaneous related materials; Series III: Oversized materials
Biographical note:
This collection consists of over 350 short biographies of early aviation's trailblazers written by Harold E. Morehouse (1894-1973). Conspicuous by its absence is a biography of the author, himself an innovator.

Born in Michigan, Morehouse channelled a youthful fascination with flight into training in the field of mechanical engineering. He began work in 1915 for the Van Blerck Motor Company and assisted in their development of aircraft engines. In 1917, Morehouse was working as a layout draftsman on the Standard J-1 Training Airplane for the Dayton-Wright Aeroplane Company. However, this assignment was quickly superseded by his placement on a secret project, supervised by C.F. Kettering and Orville Wright. Its aim was the production of a selfflying aerial torpedo which has since become known as the Kettering Bug. Morehouse contributed to all phases of this project, including its design, engine development and flight testing. The armistice arrived before the actual deployment of the Bug; Morehouse was to spend the next few years in engine design and development.

In 1925, Morehouse joined the Wright Aeronautical Corporation and both the Wright-Morehouse engine and the Wright-Whirlwind J-5 (a re-design of the J-4) were developed here under Morehouse. The latter engine was later to serve as the powerplant for the historic 1927 trans-Atlantic flight of the Spirit of St. Louis and this was a great source of satisfaction to Morehouse. He left Wright Aero in 1929 and in subsequent years designed the inverted Rover for the Michigan Aero Engine Company, the A-50 for the Continental Motors Corporation and the Engineering and Research Corporation's Erco engine.

About ten years prior to his retirement in 1965, Harold Morehouse began work on a personal project. His aim was to gather information on significant contributors to early aviation and distill this data to produce a set of brief biographies of these innovative men and women. He was assisted in this by his wife, Marvel Dyer. After Harold's death, Marvel worked in concert with Paul E. Garber of the National Air Museum to procure publication of the work. Sadly, the passing of Marvel Dyer and later of Paul Garber seemed to bring plans for publication to a halt.

This collection consists of hundreds of biographical narratives concerning the lives of the "Flying Pioneers." Many of those featured were members of the Early Birds of Aviation, Inc., a group whose members had the distinction of having soloed prior to 1916. Most of the biographies are accompanied by one or more photographs of their subject and comprise an invaluable resource on the accomplishments and sacrifices of those intrepid individuals who forged the history of American aviation. However, it should be borne in mind that the biographies are based in large measure on personal interviews and are concerned primarily with their subjects' careers in aviation.

Other sources should be consulted to obtain a complete portrait.
Provenance:
Mr. and Mrs. Harold E. Morehouse, gift, 1960-1972, XXXX-0450, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Manuscripts
Citation:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies Collection, Acc. XXXX-0450, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0450
See more items in:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0450
Online Media:

Douglas SBD-6 Dauntless

Manufacturer:
Douglas Aircraft Company  Search this
Materials:
Metal, plastic, fabric
Dimensions:
Overall: 12 ft. 11 in. × 33 ft., 6959lb., 40 ft. 9 in. (3.937m × 10.058m, 3156.6kg, 12.421m)
Weight confirmed in as-built
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Transferred from the United States Navy.
Inventory Number:
A19610109000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e4e59693-acd8-4170-be24-c7854642b85b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19610109000

Dans les cieux chanson interprétée par Mayol paroles de L. Joreb ; musique de Jean Péheu & A. Alteirac

Title:
Je l'ai prise dans les nuages, tout là-haut, dans les cieux
Jeune enfant qui n'avait plus de mère, Obtint en classe, une bell' croix d'honneur
Author:
Péheu, Jean 1872-1947 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp http://viaf.org/viaf/76522812  Search this
Alteirac, A http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp  Search this
Joreb, Léon http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/lyr http://viaf.org/viaf/170397271  Search this
Mayol 1872-1941 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/prf http://viaf.org/viaf/74038210  Search this
Olivérès, Gaston http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/dte  Search this
Bella C. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Sheet Music (Smithsonian Institution. Libraries) DSI  Search this
Subject:
Mayol 1872-1941  Search this
Olivérès, Gaston  Search this
Mayol 1872-1941 http://id.worldcat.org/fast/01959195 http://viaf.org/viaf/74038210  Search this
Physical description:
1 score ([2] pages) + 1 part 36 cm
Type:
Songs and music
Portraits
Portrait photographs
Sheet music covers
Sheet music
Place:
France
Date:
1912
1911-1920
1910-1920
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
Flight  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Songs with piano  Search this
Air pilots--French  Search this
Biplanes  Search this
French  Search this
Call number:
M1 .B4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_982063

Air king march two step by Harry Appel

Author:
Appel, Harry http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n92119350 http://viaf.org/viaf/68132859  Search this
De Takacs, André C http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ill http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no98132575 http://viaf.org/viaf/309815796  Search this
Bella C. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Sheet Music (Smithsonian Institution. Libraries) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
5, [2] pages of music 36 cm
Type:
Songs and music
Advertisements
Sheet music covers
Sheet music
Place:
United States
Date:
1911
1911-1920
1910-1920
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
Dance music  Search this
Marches (Piano)  Search this
Popular instrumental music  Search this
Birds  Search this
Crowns  Search this
Monoplanes  Search this
Trees  Search this
American  Search this
Call number:
M1 .B4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_982070

Fly away intermezzo two step by Emil Ascher

Author:
Ascher, Emil 1859-1922 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr2006026762 http://viaf.org/viaf/73818120  Search this
Bella C. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Sheet Music (Smithsonian Institution. Libraries) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
5 pages of music 36 cm
Type:
Songs and music
Advertisements
Sheet music
Place:
United States
Date:
1905
1901-1910
1900-1910
Topic:
Dance music  Search this
Flight  Search this
Piano music  Search this
Popular instrumental music  Search this
American  Search this
Call number:
M1 .B4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_982074

Les conquérants de l'air marche pour piano : op. 14 par Paul Balleron

Author:
Balleron, Paul http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2018027413 http://viaf.org/viaf/314798681  Search this
Le Tessier, Maligne http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/dte  Search this
Bella C. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Sheet Music (Smithsonian Institution. Libraries) DSI  Search this
Clérice frères http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ill http://viaf.org/viaf/125841266  Search this
Physical description:
4, [2] pages of music ; 36 cm
Type:
Songs and music
Advertisments
Cityscapes
Sheet music covers
Sheet music
Place:
France
Date:
1909
1901-1910
1900-1910
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Airships  Search this
Marches (Piano)  Search this
Popular instrumental music  Search this
Biplanes  Search this
Birds  Search this
French  Search this
Call number:
M1 .B4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_982075

Northward ho!, or, Baffled, not beaten words by Commander Cheyne ; music by Odoardi [i.e. Odoardo] Barri

Title:
Then rally round our flag unfurl'd
British ensign folded lies!
Northward! oh!!
Baffled not beaten
Author:
Barri, Odoardo 1844-1920 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2007124560 http://viaf.org/viaf/71181706  Search this
Cheyne, John P. 1826-1902 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/lyr  Search this
Concanen, Alfred http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ill http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n89146837 http://viaf.org/viaf/96323061  Search this
Bella C. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Sheet Music (Smithsonian Institution. Libraries) DSI  Search this
Stannard & Son http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ltg http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n89146835 http://viaf.org/viaf/264961784  Search this
Physical description:
1 score (7 pages) 36 cm
Type:
Songs and music
Advertisements
Sheet music covers
Sheet music
Place:
England
Arctic regions
Arctic Regions
Date:
1879
To 1901
1870-1880
Topic:
Ballooning  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Songs with piano  Search this
Balloons (Aircraft)  Search this
Coal  Search this
Discoveries in geography  Search this
Dogs  Search this
Ice floes  Search this
Men  Search this
Mountains  Search this
Night  Search this
Ships  Search this
Signal flags  Search this
Snow  Search this
Stars  Search this
Telescopes  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
British  Search this
Call number:
M1 .B4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_982077

Flying around the stars [words by W.D. Phillips ; music by Bates and Barton ; arranged by Robt. C. Bates]

Title:
Want to take a trip to heaven in an airship before I die
Talk about your aviators aviating high
Author:
Bates, Robert Chas http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp arr  Search this
Barton, Lew http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp  Search this
Phillips, W. D http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/lyr http://viaf.org/viaf/24695295  Search this
Bella C. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Sheet Music (Smithsonian Institution. Libraries) DSI  Search this
Rayner, Dalheim & Co http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/prt http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2006127431 http://viaf.org/viaf/152815908  Search this
Subject:
Phillips, W. D  Search this
Physical description:
1 score (5 pages) 31 cm
Type:
Songs and music
Portraits
Sheet music covers
Sheet music
Place:
United States
Date:
1921
1911-1920
1920-1930
Topic:
Airships  Search this
Flight  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Songs with piano  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Biplanes  Search this
Night  Search this
Stars  Search this
American  Search this
Call number:
M1 .B4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_982079

Aereotreno galop per pianoforte, op. 273 di E. Becucci

Author:
Becucci, Ernesto 1845-1905 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cmp http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no99004797 http://viaf.org/viaf/19307391  Search this
Marchiò. Alfredo http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/dte  Search this
Bella C. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Sheet Music (Smithsonian Institution. Libraries) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
7 [3] pages of music 35 cm
Type:
Nonprojected graphics
Advertisements
Sheet music covers
Sheet music
Place:
Italy
Date:
1901
1901-1910
1900-1910
Topic:
Galops  Search this
Piano music  Search this
Popular instrumental music  Search this
Bodies of water  Search this
Cityscapes  Search this
Fantastic aircraft  Search this
Italy  Search this
Italian  Search this
Call number:
M1 .B4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_982081

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