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Rocket, Liquid Fuel, R.H. Goddard 1941 P-Series

Manufacturer:
Dr. Robert H. Goddard  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum alloy, copper alloy pipes, steel, insulation material, rubber, tape
Dimensions:
Overall: 21 ft. 11 in. long x 1 ft. 6 in. diameter, 161 lb. (668.02 x 45.72cm, 73kg)
Type:
CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Foundation
Inventory Number:
A19850177000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9af13a024-dcbf-483d-9160-09f1f26d65b3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19850177000

Air & Space Magazine, 1986-2004

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Smithsonian Business Ventures  Search this
Uniform title:
Air & Space (Serial)  Search this
Physical description:
3 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes)
Type:
Serials (publications)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1986
1986-2004
Topic:
Aeronautical museums  Search this
Aircraft--Conservation and restoration  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Museum publications  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 06-240
See more items in:
Air & Space Magazine 1986-2018 [Smithsonian Enterprises]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_260955

Langley Aerodrome A Frame

Creator:
United States National Museum Photographic Laboratory  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
Cyanotypes (photographic prints); 11 x 14;
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1900
Circa 1900
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B55A_F02_001]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_402844
Online Media:

Leslie A. A. Benson Collection

Creator:
Benson, Leslie A. A.  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Benson, Leslie A. A.  Search this
Law, Ruth  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
1917-1919
Summary:
This collection consists mostly of photographs of AEF aircraft and crews on the field, with photos both loose and in a scrapbook. Documents and unit patches are also to be found in these materials. Folder 1: Includes Benson's AEF identity card, a clipping and photo of Benson, seemingly taken from a scrapbook, and various photographs of World War I aircraft such as the DH-4 and Salmson 2, along with crews. Each image in this folder is accompanied by a 4x5" negative. Folder 2: Approximately 50 loose photographs of various sizes of World War I units and their air crews on the field. Folder 3: Documentary materials (approximately 40 pages) including letters of recommendation, an officer's record book, sugar permit, and discharge certificate. Folder 4: Photo album commemorating AEF members (approximately 50 photos). Endpapers have various uniform insignia affixed, both that of the Allied forces and of the Central Powers. Note: Folder 4 includes small 1 3/4x2 3/4" photo of Ruth Law beside wing strut, in uniform.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists mostly of photographs of AEF aircraft and crews on the field, with photos both loose and in a scrapbook. Documents and unit patches are also to be found in these materials. Folder 1: Includes Benson's AEF identity card, a clipping and photo of Benson, seemingly taken from a scrapbook, and various photographs of World War I aircraft such as the DH-4 and Salmson 2, along with crews. Each image in this folder is accompanied by a 4x5" negative. Folder 2: Approximately 50 loose photographs of various sizes of World War I units and their air crews on the field. Folder 3: Documentary materials (approximately 40 pages) including letters of recommendation, an officer's record book, sugar permit, and discharge certificate. Folder 4: Photo album commemorating AEF members (approximately 50 photos). Endpapers have various uniform insignia affixed, both that of the Allied forces and of the Central Powers. Note: Folder 4 includes small 1 3/4x2 3/4" photo of Ruth Law beside wing strut, in uniform.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Leslie A. A. Benson Collection-- is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Lieutenant Leslie A. Benson was a member of the American Expeditionary Forces and was stationed in England and France during 1917-1919.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Michael Benson, gift, 1997, 1997-0047, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
Leslie A. A. Benson Collection, Acc. NASM.1997.0047, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1997.0047
See more items in:
Leslie A. A. Benson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1997-0047
Online Media:

Elbert W. Proctor Collection

Creator:
Proctor, Elbert W.  Search this
Names:
National Air Transport  Search this
Transcontinental Air Transport  Search this
Extent:
1.09 Cubic feet ((1 records center box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Correspondence
Photographs
Clippings
Articles
Newsletters
Date:
1920-1963
bulk [ca.1920s]
Summary:
This collection contains documentation on TAT (Transcontinental Air Transport) and NAT (National Air Transport) as well as radio communication and general aviation themes. The following types of material are included: house newspapers/newsletters for both airlines; newspaper and magazine articles relating to Proctor, the airlines or aviation; photographs of both NAT and TAT, specifically dealing with radio; correspondence; and memorabilia relating to TAT and NAT.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains documentation on TAT (Transcontinental Air Transport) and NAT (National Air Transport) as well as radio communication and general aviation themes. The following types of material are included: house newspapers/newsletters for both airlines; newspaper and magazine articles relating to Proctor, the airlines or aviation; photographs of both NAT and TAT, specifically dealing with radio; correspondence; and memorabilia relating to TAT and NAT.
Arrangement:
The Elbert W. Proctor Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Elbert W. Proctor worked for both National Air Transport (NAT) and Transcontinental Air Transport (TAT) Airlines during the 1920s and early 1930s as a radio engineer. Proctor was in charge of communication for TAT.
General:
Additional Materials: Artifacts that accompanied this collection have been transferred to the National Air and Space Museum Aeronautics Division.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Elbert W. Proctor, gift, 1993, 1993-0038, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautical instruments  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Radio in aeronautics  Search this
Radio  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Correspondence
Photographs
Clippings
Articles
Newsletters
Citation:
Elbert W. Proctor Collection, Acc. NASM.1993.0038YEAR.####, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0038
See more items in:
Elbert W. Proctor Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0038
Online Media:

Russell Watson World War I Photo Album

Creator:
Watson, Russell  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 1st Aero Squadron  Search this
Watson, Russell  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Aerial photographs
Guidebooks
Postcards
Photographs
Date:
1917-1919
Summary:
This scrapbook contains photographs relating to the 1st Aero Squadron during World War I.
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook with a brown suede cover contains photographs relating to the 1st Aero Squadron during World War I. The images include the following: aircraft; engines; trucks and equipment; graves; trenches; French buildings and landscapes; 1st Aero personnel; aerial photographs; and airfields. This collection also contains a series of French postcards with images of Strasbourg, Nancy, and Metz. There is also a booklet entitled, 'Paris Monumental Metropolitan,' which is a guidebook to attractions in Paris.
Arrangement:
Photo album, folder of postcards, and booklet.
Biographical / Historical:
Russell Watson was a mechanic for the 1st Aero Squadron during World War I. The 1st Aero Squadron was organized in Texas during March of 1913 and served under Brig. General John J. Pershing during the Mexico Punitive Expedition, 1916. During World War I, the 1st Aero Squadron was part of the 1st Corps Observation Group organized in April 1918, and it accomplished successful photographic missions.
Provenance:
Guy E. Watson, Gift, 1994, NASM.1995.0002
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Aerial Photographs
Guidebooks
Postcards
Photographs
Citation:
Russell Watson World War I Photo Album, NASM.1995.0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1995.0002
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1995-0002
Online Media:

New York Airways Collection

Creator:
Wheatland, Richard  Search this
Names:
Air Transport Association of America  Search this
American Helicopter Society  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
New York Airways  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
7.63 Cubic feet (7 records center boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Financial records
Photographs
Clippings
Reports
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Date:
1929-1971
bulk 1952-1969
Summary:
Collection consists of materials created by and collected by Richard Wheatland II during the period when he was employed as Vice President of Sales and Service for New York Airways, a helicopter airline operating in the New York City metropolitan area in the mid 20th century.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes a variety of material, probably collected by Richard Wheatland II (b. 1923, d. 2009) during the period 1953-1968 when he served as a Vice President of New York Airways. The material reflects the administration of the airline as well as its dealings with organizations such as the Air Transport Association, American Helicopter Society, Bell Helicopter, Eastern Air Lines, the Grand Central Building, IATA, Pan America World Airways, the Port of New York Authority, Sikorsky, Trans World Airlines (TWA) and the federal government. In addition to administrative correspondence, memoranda, proposals, speeches and reports, there are also a large number of manuscripts and publications, souvenirs, and clippings, and a small number of photographs.
Arrangement:
Contents are in original order as received by NASM Archives. Folders in both series are arranged (roughly) in alphabetical by original folder title. Materials within the folders in Series 2 (1973 Acquisition) tend to appear in reverse chronological order. Multiple copies of the same materials may appear in different folders.

Digital images of materials in this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping, orientation, and color variations. Some materials may not be visible online due to copyright restrictions.
Biographical / Historical:
New York Airways (NYA) began air mail service on October 15, 1952. As one of the three Helicopter Carriers (along with Los Angeles Airways and Helicopter Air Services of Chicago), it was characterized by its environment - operations within a metropolitan area; its revenue - exclusively mail; and its high dependence on subsidy, which amounted to between 2/3 and 3/4 of total revenues. In search of another source of revenue, NYA began passenger work shortly thereafter, using first the Sikorsky S-55 helicopter and later the Vertol 44B and the twin-turbine, twin-rotor Vertol 107. In 1958, after continuing criticism from the Civil Aeronautics Board on the subject of alleged excessive costs and increasing subsidy need, NYA was forced to suspend some services - and in 1961 Congress put a ceiling on subsidy payments to the three helicopter airlines. NYA's influential friends compensated for the lack of federal support by supplying helicopters for service from the Port of New York Authority and the top of the Pan Am Building. Eventually all subsidy was withdrawn and NYA avoided closure through its ties with interested sponsors Pan American Airways, United, TWA and American.
Provenance:
Richard Wheatland II, Gift, 1973, 1992, NASM.1992.0052
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Helicopters  Search this
Helicopter transportation  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Financial records
Photographs
Clippings
Reports
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0052
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0052
Online Media:

Bowman Family Papers

Creator:
Bowman, Les (Leslie)  Search this
Bowman, Martie (Marguerite)  Search this
Bowman, Larnie  Search this
Names:
Kinner Airplane and Motor Co.  Search this
National Air Race Association  Search this
Ninety-Nines (Organization)  Search this
Bowman, Larnie  Search this
Bowman, Les (Leslie)  Search this
Bowman, Martie (Marguerite)  Search this
Extent:
1.28 Cubic feet (1 records center box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Maps
Scrapbooks
Date:
1923-1987
bulk 1923-1950
Summary:
The Bowman Family Papers contain 1.28 cubic feet of material related to the aviation careers of Leslie (Les), Marguerite (Martie), and Larnie Bowman.
Scope and Contents:
The Bowman Family Papers contain: log books, licenses, and membership cards for Marguerite, Larnie, and Leslie Bowman; loose materials including maps, newspaper clippings from the 1930s, 1972 and 1985; and miscellaneous photographs, including two of Charles Lindbergh. Three scrapbooks at the end of the collection (1923-1931, 1932-1935, 1936-1987) include photographs (some autographed), personal and business correspondence, and newspaper clippings.
Arrangement:
The Bowman Family Papers are arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Leslie (Les) and Marguerite (Martie) Bowman were married in October 1919 and had both learned to fly by 1925. Les, a mechanic, worked as an engineer and salesman for the Kinner Engine and Aircraft Company and was involved in both the production and testing of airplanes. Martie was a charter member of both the Ninety-Nines, a women pilots' association, and the National Air Race Association. She set women's speed records and swept three women's racing events on one day in 1938. Les and Martie both tried wing walking, as did their daughter, Larnie, at the age of eight. Larnie learned to fly by the time she was twelve. During World War II, the Bowmans ran one of five civilian schools for the training of Navy fighter pilots. Les and Martie retired from aviation after the conclusion of the war.
Provenance:
Mrs. M. Lorraine Allen, gift, 1991, NASM.1991.0042
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Maps
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Bowman Family Papers, Acc. NASM.1991.0042, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0042
See more items in:
Bowman Family Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0042
Online Media:

LA Airways (Los Angeles Airways, Inc) (LAA) Collection

Creator:
Los Angeles Airways  Search this
Extent:
2.91 Cubic feet
3.88 Linear feet (4 legal size document boxes; 1 slim legal size document box; 1 28.5 x 1.5 x 22.5 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1945-1997
bulk 1950-1985
Summary:
LA Airways (Los Angeles Airways, Inc) (LAA) was founded by Clarence Belinn as a helicopter airline that operated flights from Los Angeles International Airport to the Disneyland Heliport in Anaheim, Calfornia (located on Disneyland's grounds) and to other area airports.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of records relating to LA Airways (Los Angeles Airways, Inc) (LAA) including photographs; news clippings and publications relating to LA Airways; financial records; stockholder information including meeting agendas and notes, annual reports, information about stockholders, and correspondence; operating information such as route maps, pilot instructions, brochures and time tables; documents relating to Civil Aeronautics Board hearings; biographical information on LA Airways staff; and legal documents and correspondence relating to litigation involving LA Airways and the Hughes Tool Company and LA Airway's subsequent bankruptcy.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection had no original order. The processing archivists arranged them into 3 series. Within each series, the materials were arranged chronologically.

Series I: Business Papers

Series II: Publicity

Series III: Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
LA Airways (Los Angeles Airways, Inc) (LAA) was founded by Clarence Belinn as a helicopter airline that operated flights from Los Angeles International Airport to the Disneyland Heliport in Anaheim, Calfornia (located on Disneyland's grounds) and to other area airports. LA Airways operated Sikorsky S-51 and S-55 aircraft and later became the first civilian operator of the Sikorsky S-61 family of aircraft. LA Airways is also noted for obtaining the first regularly scheduled helicopter mail route which was inaugurated on October 1, 1947. Two fatal crashes of flights operated by LA Airways spelled the end of the company. On May 22, 1968, Flight 841, operated in a Sikorsky S-61L, crashed in Paramount, California (en route to Los Angeles after leaving Disneyland) killing all 23 people on board. On August 14, 1861, Flight 417, also operated in a Sikorsky S-61L, crashed in Compton, California (en route to Disneyland from Los Angeles) which resulted in the deaths of all 21 people aboard, including Clarence Belinn's 13-year old grandson, Christopher. The causes of both crashes were failures in the rotor system. After these tragedies, Sikorsky S-61Ls were grounded until the problem could be resolved and helicopter service to Disneyland was discontinued. LA Airways (Los Angeles Airways, Inc) (LAA) ceased operations in 1971 upon its purchase by Golden West Airlines. Stephen J. Slade was formerly an employee of LA Airways.
Provenance:
Stephen J. Slade, gift, 2009
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Helicopters  Search this
LA Airways (Los Angeles Airways, Inc) (LAA)  Search this
Sikorsky S-61L  Search this
Citation:
LA Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.2009.-0015, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2009.0015
See more items in:
LA Airways (Los Angeles Airways, Inc) (LAA) Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2009-0015
Online Media:

Mary Charles Collection

Creator:
Charles, Mary  Search this
Names:
National Air Races  Search this
Ninety-Nines (Organization)  Search this
OX5 Aviation Pioneers.  Search this
Women's Air Reserve  Search this
Women's National Air Corps  Search this
Charles, Mary  Search this
Extent:
1.41 Cubic feet (1 letter-size document box; 2 flat boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Scrapbooks
Date:
1931-1966
bulk 1932-1936
Summary:
The Mary Charles Collection consists of documents, photographs, and scrapbooks collected/assembled by (Sarah) Mary Charles between 1931 and 1966. The collection showcases Charles' activity as a liscensed pilot. The bulk of the collection covers the span between 1931 and 1936.
Scope and Contents:
This collection, encompassing the years of 1931-1966, includes Women's National Air Corps material, Mary Charles' pilot certificates, OX5 Club material, Women's Air Reserve material, autographed photographs, correspondence, and newspaper clippings relating to women in aviation, as well as three scrapbooks covering the 1931 National Air Races in Cleveland.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Mary Charles Collection is a small collection and, as such, it has no distinct series groupings. Box 1 is arranged in strict chronological order; boxes 2 and 3 are arranged to accomodate a safe fit of the materials in the containers. Titles appearing in brackets [ ] are the archivist's.
Biographical / Historical:
(Sarah) Mary Charles (circa 1887-1972) was a licensed pilot and advocate for women's involvement in aeronautics. She received flying instruction from U.S. Naval Reserve experts at Clover Field, in Santa Monica, California, in 1929, and earned her pilot's license in 1931. Charles participated in the 1931 Cleveland Air Race, where she finished last as a result of engine problems. She did, however, place third in the women's dead stick landing contest.

In 1936, she received instruction in blind flying at Central Airport. Besides being active in the OX5 Club, the Women's International Association of Aeronautics (WIAA), the Ninety-Nines, and The Women Peace Officers Association of California, Charles was also a Captain in the Women's Air Reserve, a group of women pilots organized to fly and give medical treatment in inaccessible stricken areas.
Provenance:
Mary Charles, gift, 1966, XXXX-0011.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Mary Charles Collection, Accession XXXX-0011, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0011
See more items in:
Mary Charles Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0011
Online Media:

S. Sidney Pike Skywriting Corporation of America Collection

Creator:
S. Sidney Pike Skywriting Corporation of America  Search this
Pike, S. Sidney  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Linear feet (4 flat boxes, 1 document box, 1 slim document box)
9 Film reels (5 16mm films - runtime 41:59

4 35mm films - runtime 27:04)
4 Cubic feet (6 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Articles
Photographic prints
Manuals
Motion pictures (visual works)
Scrapbooks
Date:
1923-1964
bulk 1930-1940
Summary:
Skywriting, defined as the process of writing a name or message with smoke from an aircraft against a blue sky, began in England after World War I, the brainchild of Major John C. Savage, Royal Air Force (RAF). His first successful demonstration was at the Derby at Epsom Downs, in May 1922, when Captain Cyril Turner wrote "Daily Mail" above the track. In October of that year, Turner travelled to the United States and wrote "Hello U.S.A." above New York City. Allan J. Cameron, along with Leroy Van Patten established the Skywriting Corporation of America at Curtiss Field, an American branch of Savage's original company. They acquired the patents for mixing the writing gas in the United States and as a result controlled the market for years. In 1923, using the Skywriting Corporation, the American Tobacco Company launched the first skywriting advertising campaign for Lucky Strike cigarettes. Pepsi-Cola Corporation became one of the longest-running contractors of skywriting; in the late 1930s and mid 1940s, it contracted or owned a total of 14 aircraft. In 1940 alone, Pepsi contracted for 2,225 writings over 48 states, Mexico, Canada, South America and Cuba.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 4 cubic feet of archival material related to the Skywriting Corporation of America. The material includes three scrapbooks of photographs and news clippings, two small manuals on skywriting, correspondence, and photographs and negatives of pilots and aircraft, as well as skywriting and sky-typing examples.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains five 16mm and four 35mm films totaling a 1:09:03 runtime. These films are not included in the container list but a NASM Archives staff person can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
Arranged by the archivist into series by subject.

Series 1: Documents

Series 2: Images

Series 3: Scrapbooks

Series 4: Oversize Materials

Arranged in chronological order within series.

Additional folder description by the archivist appears below folder titles in italics.
Biographical / Historical:
S. Sidney Pike (d. 1968) was born in Bennington, Vermont, and attended Vermont Military College. In 1928, Pike joined the Skywriting Corporation of America and became the corporation's president in 1935. During the early part of his tenure with the company, Pike was a pilot but soon trained a crew of pilots to do the flying. He introduced Sky-Typing, in which five to seven planes, with their smoke-producing mechanisms controlled from a "mother" plane formed different parts of the message. During World War II, Pike was a Major in the 415th Bombardment Squadron, Army Air Forces. He was member of the Quiet Birdmen, a secretive club in the United States for male aviators founded in 1921 by World War I pilots.
Provenance:
Nancy M. Podurgiel, gift, 2011
Restrictions:
No restrictions governing access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
advertising  Search this
Skywriting  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Photographic prints
Manuals
Motion pictures (visual works)
Scrapbooks
Citation:
S. Sidney Pike Skywriting Corporation of America Collection, Acc. 2012-0001, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2012.0001
See more items in:
S. Sidney Pike Skywriting Corporation of America Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2012-0001
Online Media:

Charles W. Chillson Collection

Creator:
Chillson, Charles W., 1910-  Search this
Names:
American Rocket Society  Search this
Chillson, Charles W., 1910-  Search this
Goddard, Esther C.  Search this
Von Braun, Wernher, 1912-1977  Search this
Extent:
3.12 Linear feet
3.5 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Drawings
Publications
Date:
1950-1956
Summary:
This collection largely documents Chillson's affiliation with the ARS, particularly his presidency in the early 1950s, and includes correspondence with ARS members, aerospace companies, and organizations such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the British Interplanetary Society, the International Astronautical Federation, and the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences. There is also correspondence with Wernher von Braun and Esther C. Goddard. The collection also includes papers presented to or published by the ARS, some diagrams and photographs highlighting rocket plans or capabilities, and some pamphlets and articles on rockets.
Scope and Contents:
This collection largely contains documents of Chillson's affiliation with the American Rocket Society (ARS), particularly his presidency in the early 1950s. The collection includes ARS organizational documents, correspondence regarding arrangements for National and Regional meetings, copies of technical papers presented at conventions and a few photographs. The collection is arranged as follows:
Arrangement:
Series I:

ARS National Meetings ARS Regional Meetings Director Correspondence Conventions Meetings Committees

Series II:

Joint Meetings Technical Papers Publications

Each series was listed in chronological order. The ARS Regional Meetings are listed alphabetically by state and then in chronological order.
Biographical/Historical note:
Charles W. Chillson (1910 - ) was an expert in air and rocket propulsion. Chillson received his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University in 1931 and went to work in Chemical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology from 1931 until 1936. During those years, Chillson worked with C. K. Greene on a mechanical controllable-pitch propeller which progressed through whirl-testing at the Army Air Force Engineering Division at Wright Field, OH. Chillson then moved to Curtiss-Wright's Curtiss Propeller Division as an engineer and project designer (1936-1940) and was later promoted to chief researcher for the years 1940 to 1947. In 1947, Chillson won the Collier Trophy for his propeller work and became chief engineer of the newly formed Rocket Department at Curtiss-Wright. In 1950, he became program chairman of the American Rocket Society (ARS) Board of Directors and was later elected vice president (1951) and president (1952-1955), before being made a fellow of the ARS in 1956.
Provenance:
Charles W. Tillson, Gift, 1971, XXXX-0008
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Topic:
Periodicals  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Jet propulsion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Drawings
Publications
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0008
See more items in:
Charles W. Chillson Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0008
Online Media:

[Miscellaneous Oversize]

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 26
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
UNDATED
Scope and Contents:
Rolled drawing removed from "X-3 Center Section" folder in Box 19; "Seahorse" decals; damaged paper articles from Omni, Newsweek, etc.; Truax's BS in Aeronautical Engineering; Group photo of Project Private Enterprise, with signatures, marked 1980; newspaper articles about Truax mounted on cardboard.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Robert C. Truax Collection / Series 1: Personal & Business Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref224

[Serial No. EES B-5350-Y Navy Dept., Bureau of Aeronautics - Jet Propulsion Note No. 5: Construction & Testing of a 100 lb Thrust, 20 Second Liquid-Propellant Rocket Motor Test Stand by William Schubert, Lieutenant, USNR ]

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
Sept 1 - Oct 1, 1943
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Robert C. Truax Collection / Series 1: Personal & Business Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref25

[National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Technical Note 4047: A Study of the Motion & Aerodynamic Heating of Missiles Entering the Earth's Atmosphere at High Supersonic Speeds by Allen & Eggers

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
Oct. 1957
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Robert C. Truax Collection / Series 1: Personal & Business Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref37

National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 - Reference - TEI General

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Robert C. Truax Collection / Series 1: Personal & Business Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref39

Reports from Minneapolis – Honeywell Aeronautical Division

Collection Creator:
Robert, C. Truax, 1917-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1958-1998
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Robert C. Truax Collection / Series 1: Personal & Business Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2016-0008-ref40

Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection

Creator:
Thaden, Louise (McPhetridge), 1905-1979  Search this
Names:
Bendix Trophy  Search this
National Women's Air Derby (1929)  Search this
Ninety-Nines (Organization)  Search this
United States. Civil Air Patrol  Search this
Extent:
2.18 Cubic feet (2 records center boxes)
2.08 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Diaries
Maps
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Date:
1925-1949
Summary:
This collection consists of photographs, news clippings, and correspondence documenting Thaden's aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
The Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection contains numerous newspaper and journal articles, personal letters and business correspondence, writings, photographs, and scrapbooks, all relating to her aviation career.

The National Air and Space Museum (NASM), Archives Division also holds additional materials about Louise Thaden. Biographical information can be found in the biographical fiche collection at the NASM Archives/Garber Facility. In the NASM Archives downtown facility, we recommend the Biographical Files which contain additional newspaper and journal articles, letters, memorabilia, and photographs. Please note that these files also contain microfiche.

For additional photographs please see the NASM videodisc files located at the NASM Archives Udvar-Hazy facility. The images can be seen on NASM videodisc 7B-6445 --6491 (Accession # 1989- 0132). Also check NASM videodisc 2B-46705 --46805. In most cases, there are original videodisc prints available in the NASM Archives facility downtown and copy negatives at the Smithsonian Institution, Office of Printing and Photographic Services (OPPS). Please consult a staff member for more details and about ordering procedures
Arrangement:
This collection had little original arrangement, and accordingly, has been divided into six general series according to material types.

Series 1: GENERAL. This series contains mostly journal and newspaper articles, but also includes telegrams, letters, applications, invitations, examples of commercial endorsements, membership certificates, and original race information and itineraries. It is arranged in chronological order. Significant events are highlighted. In some cases, newspaper clippings with handwritten messages have been kept for their inherent value.

Series 2: WRITINGS. This series contains samples of her various writings. It is arranged in chronological order.

Series 3: PHOTOGRAPHS. This series contains photographs. The subject matter ranges from childhood activities to award ceremonies. It is divided by two large subject groupings: first—people (arranged by general categories), second—events (arranged by date). All paperwork directly related to a particular photograph has been kept with that photograph. Please note that Smithsonian Institution negative numbers are written on the back of each photograph when applicable. Sub-topics listed in the finding aid are meant to highlight particular topics in each folder and are not intended to indicate exclusive content. Please review each folder thoroughly.

Series 4: SCRAPBOOKS. This series contains seven scrapbooks of various sizes and content and two Civil Air Patrol award certificates. The inclusive dates are listed next to the individual scrapbook. The content of the scrapbooks date mostly from 1919-1940 and contain photographs, newspaper articles, membership certificates, licenses, contestant ribbons, invitations, business cards, and cartoons about Thaden. Handling notes are listed next to individual scrapbooks in the finding aid. Please follow these notes so that the physical integrity of the object can be preserved.

Series 5: THADEN AIRCRAFT CO. AND RELATED MATERIAL. This series contains information about Thaden Aircraft Company and Herbert von Thaden. Items in this series include: newspaper and journal article, resumes, letters, photographs, and information about the All-Metal aircraft created by Herbert Thaden. This series is the only portion of the collection with any obvious arrangement and was separated into its own series for this reason.

Series 6: MISCELLANEOUS. This series contains all of the materials that do not appear to fit easily into any of the above series. The items here include undated or general journal and newspaper articles, newspapers from University of Arkansas, maps, Who's Who application, musical score, souvenir stamps, travel souvenirs, and resumes.
Biographical/Historical note:
Louise McPhetridge Thaden (1905-1979) was one of the United States foremost female aviators during the late 1920s and 1930s. She received instruction in 1927, soloing and receiving her pilot's license in 1928. In December 1928, Thaden achieved a new altitude record of 20,260 ft. In March 1929, she made a new solo duration record, 22+ hours. A month later she set a new speed record of 156 mph. Thaden was the only woman to hold all three records simultaneously. In August 1929, Thaden won the First Women's National Air Derby, commonly called the Powder Puff Derby. Three years later (August 1932), she, along with Francis Marsalis, set the new refueling duration record of 196 hours. In July 1936, Thaden set the new light plane speed record at 109.58 mph. In the same year, she also won the National Air Race, and was awarded the Bendix Transcontinental Air Race Trophy, becoming the first woman ever to receive this trophy. She set an East-West speed record in 1936, and an inter-city distance speed record and another 109.56 mph speed record in 1937.

Ms. Thaden also distinguished herself in her efforts to promote aviation safety through campaigns to mark airports more effectively. She actively sought ways to promote women in aviation through her work with the U.S. Department of Defense, Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS) 1959-1961 and in her work with the Civil Air Patrol, 1949-1979. She also co-founded the Ninety-Nines, and organization of women pilots. She received numerous awards and honors throughout her life including: Harmon Trophy, Famous Aviators Wall—Mission Inn (Riverside, CA), Arkansas Aviators Hall of Fame, First Flight Society Hall of Fame, Virginia Aviation Hall of Fame, International Aerospace Hall of Fame of the San Diego Aerospace Museum, National Aviation Hall of Fame, Women in Aviation International Pioneer Hall of Fame, and Civil Air Patrol Distinguished Service Award and Meritorious Service Award. She was also an active writer who published an autobiography entitled High, Wide and Frightened and several journal and newspaper articles. In 1928, she married Herbert von Thaden, an aeronautical engineer and designer of several all-metal aircraft. They had two children, William and Patricia, who donated the materials found in the collection.

Personal

1905-11-10 -- Born, Iris Louise McPhetridge, Bentonville Arkansas: Roy Fry and EdnaHobbs McPhetridge

1921-1926 -- University of Arkansas

1928-07-21 -- Married to Herbert von Thaden

undated -- Children: William and Patricia

November 1979-11-09 -- Death

Professional

1926-1927 -- J.H. Turner Coal & Building Materials Company, Wichita Kansas: Sales

1928-1929 -- D.C. Warren Company, Oakland, CA (Airplane Distributor):Sales & manager

1930-1931 -- Pittsburgh Aviation Industries: Public Relations

1930-1931 -- Penn School of Aeronautics: Director, Women's Division

1934 -- US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Air Commerce: Developed & organized (with Phoebe Omlie) National Air Marking Program,

1935-1936 -- Initiated program

1937-1940 -- Beech Aircraft Corporation: Factory Representative

1941 -- Porterfield Aircraft Company: Factory Representative

1943-1948 -- Thaden Engineering Company: Purchasing Agent & Office Manager

1953-1954 -- Research & Development, Reinforced plastics, Roanoke, Virginia,

1955-1961 -- Thaden Molding Corporation: Vice President, Director, High Point North Carolina,

1961-1969 -- Thaden Engineering Company: Partner

1969-1979 -- Sole Owner, High Point, North Carolina,

Aviation Records and Races

1928-12-07 -- Altitude, First official altitude record for women in the US; 20,260 feet, Hisso180 hp Travel Air

1929-03-16 - 1929-03-17 -- Solo Duration; 22 hrs 3 minutes 28 seconds, Hisso 180 hp Travel Air

1929-04-18 -- Speed 156 mph, Wright J-5 Travel Air

undated -- Only woman ever to hold all 3 records simultaneously (Altitude, Solo Duration, & Speed)

1929-08-18 - 1929-08-18 -- Winner, first National Woman's Air-Derby; 20:02:02, average speed 135.97 mph, Wright J-5 Travel Air; Santa Monica, CA to Cleveland, OH

1932-08-14 - 1932-08-22 -- Refueling Duration, (with Francis Marsalis); 196 hrs, Wright J-6 220 hpCurtiss Thrush, "The Flying Boudoir"

1936-07-12 -- Light Plane Speed; 109.58 mph (100 km), 90 hp Porterfield

1936-09-04 -- Winner, Bendix Transcontinental Air Race; First woman to win Bendix, Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing CI7R; New York to Los Angeles, 14 hrs 55 minutes

1936-09-04 -- East-West Speed; New York to Los Angeles; 165.346 mph, Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing CI7R

1937-01-21 -- Inter-City Distance Speed; Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing; Detroit to Akron, 40 minutes 43 seconds

1937-05-29 -- 100 km Speed; 197.9 mph, Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing D17

Aviation History

1927 -- Instruction

1928-02-08 -- Solo

1928-02-28 -- Federation Aeronautique Internationale Aviators Certificate No. 6850 after approximately 5 hrs 15 minutes solo time, signed by Orville Wright

1929 -- Transport pilot License number 1943; 4th woman to earn this rating

Organizations

Delta Delta Delta (Delta Iota Chapter)

Ninety-Nines (International Organization of Women Pilots): -- Founding & Charter Member 1929-1930: First de facto President 1930-1936: National Secretary 1934-1936: Vice President 1960-1961: Amelia Earhart Scholarship Committee

1937-1938: National Aeronautic Association; National Secretary

Veteran Air Pilots

1945-1952: American Red Cross Motor Corps

OX5 Pioneers Club of America

Silver Wings

Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association (AOPA)

1959-1961: US Department of Defense, Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS)

1960-1961: Executive Committee

1960-1961: Information Sub-committee Chairman

Civil Air Patrol 1949-1970

Lieutenant Colonel Command Pilot Search & Rescue Mission Pilot Cadet Squadron Commander Director of Cadets, Virginia Wing Director of Cadets Squadron, Cadets Middle East Region Coordinator for Women, Middle East Region National Commanders Cadet Committee 1959-1963: National Commanders Training Committee Chairman National Scholarships Committee 1970: Retired Status

League of American Pen Women, Honorary Member (Pittsburgh, PA)

Business & Professional Women, 381st (Vincinnes, IN)

Strategic Missile Wing, United States Air Force (Wichita, KS)

Honors and Awards

1936: Harmon Trophy (Aviatrix) Federation Aeronautique Internationale, Champion Aviatrix of the United States

1932: Baltimore Sunday News Outstanding Female Trophy

Famous Aviators Wall, Mission Inn, Riverside, CA

Civil Air Patrol: Distinguished Service Award; Exceptional Service Award; Meritorious ServiceAward with Cluster

OX5 Club of America, Broadwick Award --Outstanding Aviatrix

Citation: The Society of Experimental Test Pilots

Airport: Louise M. Thaden Field, Bentonville, AR

1974: The Louise M. Thaden Office & Library, Staggerwing Museum, Tullahoma, TN

OX5 Pioneer Aviators Hall of Fame

1973: OX5 Silver Wings Achievement Award

1980: Arkansas Aviation Hall of Fame

1988: First Flight Society Aviation Hall of Fame, Kitty Hawk, NC

1989: Virginia Aviation Hall of Fame

1989: Recreation flight, 1929 First Women's Air Derby, 60th Anniversary, Susan Dusenbury, pilot

1991-04-05: Flying helmet taken aboard Atlantis Space Shuttle by Mission Specialist Linda Goodwin, Ph.D., NASA Flight #STS-37

1996-08: Staggerwing Beech Commemorative Tour honoring Louise Thaden, winner of 1936 Bendix Transcontinental Air Race; 60th Anniversary

1997-07: Award of Achievement, The Ninety-Nines, Inc.

1999-04: The International Aerospace Hall of Fame of the San Diego Aerospace Museum

1999-07: National Aviation Hall of Fame, Dayton OH

2003-03: Women in Aviation, International --named as one of the "100 Women Who Made a Difference" in the history of aviation, 14th annual conference

Louise Thaden Woman of the Year Award --Annual presentation by Bentonville/Bella Vista Chamber of Commerce at the NW AR Business Women's Conference, began 2000

2000-03: Women in Aviation, International Pioneer Hall of Fame
Provenance:
William Thaden, gift, 1983, XXXX-0006, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Periodicals  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Diaries
Maps
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Citation:
Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection, Acc. XXXX-0006, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0006
See more items in:
Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0006
Online Media:

Gerard K. O'Neill Collection

Creator:
O'Neill, Gerard  Search this
Extent:
26.22 Cubic feet (75 Boxes)
35.14 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Book drafts
Clippings
Movie scripts
Correspondence
Magazines (periodicals)
Place:
Moon -- Exploration
Date:
1940s-1993
Summary:
Gerard Kitchen O'Neill (1927-1992) was an experimental physicist, educator, inventor, entrepreneur, writer and novelist.
Scope and Contents:
Materials in this collection include notes, business papers, patents, calendar planners, reports, a thesis, correspondence, book drafts, screenplay drafts, university publications, magazines, magazine articles, newspaper articles, glass & 35mm images, photographs, a rolodex.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains VHS tapes and audio cassettes. These items are not included in the container list but a NASM Archives staff person can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
Organized into 5 series:

Series 1: Professional Papers

Series 2: Publications & Reports

Series 3: Personal Papers

Series 4: Images

Series 5: Odd & Oversize
Biographical / Historical:
Gerard Kitchen O'Neill (1927-1992) was an experimental physicist, educator, inventor, entrepreneur, writer and novelist.

Gerard K. O'Neill joined the Navy at age 17, served as a radar technician from 1944 to 1946, graduated from Swarthmore College in 1950 with high honors in Physics, and received his Ph.D. in Physics from Cornell University in 1954. He went to Princeton University in that year as an Assistant Professor, becoming a Full Professor of Physics in 1965. In the 1976-77 academic year he received the honor of serving as the Jerome Clarke Hunsaker Professor of Aerospace at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He retired from Princeton in 1985 as professor emeritus.

Dr. O'Neill's main research area was high-energy particle physics and he initiated and led large-scale projects in accelerator construction. In 1956 he invented the storage-ring technique for colliding particle beams, a method which is now the basis for nearly every new high-energy particle accelerator. In 1976 he built his first Mass Driver prototype.

Dr. O'Neill was a pioneer in the field of space colonization; his studies on the humanization of space began in 1969 as a result of his undergraduate teaching at Princeton, and one of his four books, The High Frontier, detailed his vision of humanity's movement into Earth-like habitats constructed in space. The High Frontier won the Phi Beta Kappa Award as the best science book of 1977. He also authored 2081: A Hopeful View of the Human Future, The Technology Edge: Opportunities for America in World Competition and co-authored a graduate textbook, Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics.

In 1977 following the success of The High Frontier, Dr. O'Neill founded the non-profit Space Studies Institute. SSI's research included work on mass drivers and the Lunar Polar Probe (renamed Lunar Prospector and flown by NASA.)

In 1967 Dr. O'Neill was a finalist, though ultimately not selected, for NASA's Astronaut Group 6, a group of scientist-astronauts to be given assignments in the Apollo Program. He returned to NASA throughout 1975-1977 to led studies on space habitats and space manufacturing; he testified twice before Congress during that time. In 1985, he was appointed by President Reagan to the National Commission on Space.

In 1983 Dr. O'Neill founded the Geostar Corporation, a satellite based positioning and communication system, based on a patent issued to him.

In 1986, O'Neill founded O'Neill Communications, Inc. which developed LAWN, a local area network device using radio waves and still in use today.

At the time of his death, Dr. O'Neill was working on a form of high-speed ground-based transportation he called "Magnetic Flight" with another company he founded, VSE International.

Dr. O'Neill was an instrument-rated pilot with some 2,500 hours of time in powered aircraft and held the Triple Diamond Badge of the Federation of the Aeronautique Internationale for sail plane flights. He was active in ultralight aircraft aviation and a member of the Experimental Aircraft Association. On most of his travels in connection with research and lectures, he piloted his own small plane.

Dr. O'Neill died from leukemia in 1992; the Clementine Mission of 1994 was dedicated to him.
Provenance:
Tasha O'Neill, Gift, 2013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Books  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Physics  Search this
Satellites  Search this
GPS receivers  Search this
Space stations  Search this
Space sciences  Search this
Gliders (Aeronautics)  Search this
Space colonies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Book drafts
Clippings
Movie scripts
Correspondence
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Citation:
Gerard K. O'Neill Collection, Acc. 2014-0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2014.0005
See more items in:
Gerard K. O'Neill Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2014-0005
Online Media:

Werner Landmann Rohrbach Ro II Photo Album

Creator:
Landmann, Werner.  Search this
Names:
Rohrbach Metall-Flugzeugbau GmbH (Germany)  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1923-1924
Summary:
The collection consists of a small 7 x 10 inch photo album entitled "Ro II 1., Marz - Juni 1924 [March - June 1924]" which is believed to have belonged to Werner Landmann.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of a small 7 x 10 inch photo album entitled "Ro II 1., Marz - Juni 1924 [March - June 1924]" which is believed to have belonged to Werner Landmann. The album contains 54 small-format black and white photographs, some with handwritten notations in German. Subjects include the Rohrbach facilities at Copenhagen, numerous views of the Rohrbach Ro II Roche Flying Boat (in flight, on the water, on the ground on beaching gear, and crated for shipment to Yokohama), and informal views of Landmann and other Rochbach staff (Adolf Rohrbach, Wada, Staiger, Kappe, Lotte Wilhelm, Lesch, Becher, Erhardt, and Finch). The inside front cover includes a German-language poem by Landmann about the Rohrbach Ro II:

Was deutscher Geist mit deutsch-dänischer Kraft

In rastlosem Streben erschaffen hat,

Wird nun den Elementen übergeben,

Um seine Schwingen zu erheben.

Trotze den Wogen, trotze dem Wind,

Ziehe dahin pfeilgeschwind.

Viel Glück auf den Weg durchs Weltenall

Der ersten fliegended ROHRBACH Metall!
Arrangement:
The Werner Landmann Rohrbach Ro II Photo Album is in its original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Early in his career, pilot Werner Landmann, flying as a civilian in an Albatros biplane, set a new world solo endurance record with a nonstop flight made June 28, 1914 (21 hours, 49 minutes) over Johannisthal Air Field outside Berlin, Germany. Landmann became a military pilot following the outbreak of World War I; he was shot down over the Eastern Front in October 1914 and served time as a prisoner of war in Russia. After the war, Landmann became chief test pilot for the German aircraft company Rohrbach Metall Flugzeugbau G.m.b.H. In 1922, Rohrback set up a Danish subsidiary, Rohrback Metal Aeroplan Co., A/S, in order to circumvent a Treaty of Versailles provision barring Germany from producing military aircraft. Rohrback Metal Aeroplan set up its company headquarters at Øresundsvej 142, Copenhagen, Denmark, and built a hangar at Kastrup Airport, south of Copenhagen. The first model produced by the Danish subsidiary was the Rohrbach Ro II Roche Flying Boat, a large all-metal 4-seat type designed as a reconnaissance and bomber aircraft. Landmann piloted the Rohrbach Ro II in its first successful test flight on November 11, 1923, near Kastrup Airport; Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) speed and load trials took place on October 24, 1924. In 1925 the Rohrbach Ro II was sold to Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha Ltd. and delivered to Japan. The Japanese navy redesignated the aircraft as the Yokosho Experimental Type R 1 and used it in naval aviation trials. Landmann went on to test fly later Rohrbach aircraft but died August 28, 1928, of cancer.
Provenance:
Unknown, found in backlog, Gift, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Germany  Search this
Rohrbach Ro II Roche Flying Boat  Search this
Citation:
1Werner Landmann Rohrbach Ro II Photo Album, Accession XXXX-1150, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1150
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1150
Online Media:

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