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[Trade catalogs from Buffalo Forge Co.]

Variant company name:
"Women in advertising"  Search this
Company Name:
Buffalo Forge Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Canadian Blower & Forge Co., Ltd. Kitchener, Ontario  Search this
Notes content:
"0A" Bending Roll : bends, shapes, or forms thousands of manufactured items
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Buffalo, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10153
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10153

[Trade catalogs from Kearney & Trecker Corp.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
Kearney & Trecker Corp.  Search this
Notes content:
Modern grinder especially designed for sharpening carbide face mill cutters faster and better
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10452
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10452

[Trade catalogs from Kingsbury Machine Tool Corp.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
Kingsbury Machine Tool Corp.  Search this
Notes content:
Kingsbury machines perform machining operations on forged brass valves and fittings, and Ledloy cast iron valves and fittings.
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Keene, New Hampshire, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10462
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10462

[Trade catalogs from Clark Instrument, Inc.]

Variant company name:
"Women in advertising"  Search this
Company Name:
Clark Instrument, Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
Clark hardness tester for metals ; "Rockwell testing" ; Rockwell test is standard throughout industry and govt.
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Dearborn, Michigan, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Measuring; calculating and testing devices  Search this
Topic:
Calculators  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Weighing instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10161
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10161

[Trade catalogs from Erie Foundry Co.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, Women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
Erie Foundry Co.  Search this
Notes content:
hydraulic presses, for elevators, forging presses, drop hammers, trimming presses
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Erie, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Metalwork products (architectural and ornamental)  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Topic:
Architectural metal-work  Search this
Art metal-work  Search this
Barrels  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Metal-work  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10224
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10224

[Trade catalogs from High Speed Hammer Co., Inc.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
High Speed Hammer Co., Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
Hammer with the human stroke ; high speed riveting hammer
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
3 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Rochester, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Metalwork products (architectural and ornamental)  Search this
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Architectural metal-work  Search this
Art metal-work  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-work  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10235
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10235

Black Lives Matter Rally, Historic Old Town Alexandria, Virginia

Collection Creator:
Barnes, Michael R, Photographer  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Black Lives Matter Rally hosted by LaSha Coolkid Tiffany on June 17, 2020. The participants met at Market Square fountain and began the rally by kneeling for 8 minutes and 4 seconds in honor of George Floyd. The demonstrators then marched up King St. to Daingerfield Road where they turned around and walked back down King Street to Market Square. The flyer advertising the event states, "We are protesting for BLM. We are protesting racism and police brutality. We want reform!"
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Identifier:
ACMA.01-007.21, Series 1
See more items in:
Black Lives Matter Protests Photographs
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-01-007-21-ref1

Doumar Family, Advertising

Collection Creator:
Naff, Alixa, 1919-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 177, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Researchers must use microfilm copies. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Viewing film portions of collection require special appointment; please inquire with a reference archivist. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab-American Collection Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab American Collection
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab American Collection / Series 1: Personal Papers / 1.1: Individuals and Families
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0078-ref3023

Doumar, Advertising

Collection Creator:
Naff, Alixa, 1919-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 177, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Researchers must use microfilm copies. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Viewing film portions of collection require special appointment; please inquire with a reference archivist. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab-American Collection Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab American Collection
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab American Collection / Series 1: Personal Papers / 1.1: Individuals and Families
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0078-ref3217

Personal Papers

Collection Creator:
Naff, Alixa, 1919-2013  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Series 1, Personal Papers of Individuals, Families, and Organizations, dates, includes a substantial amount of material collected from people interviewed by Alixa Naff. These materials include correspondence, scrapbooks, diaries, immigration and naturalization documents, marriage documents, notebooks of prayers, awards, newspaper and magazine articles, unpublished manuscripts, advertisements, announcements, convention catalogs, minutes, and business records. The materials are arranged in two subseries. Subseries one is the personal papers of indivduals and families and subseries two is organizational records.

Subseries 1.1, Individuals and Families, dates, include the personal and professional papers of individual Arab-Americans and their families. Materials consist of correspondence, scrapbooks, diaries, immigration and naturalization documents, marriage documents, notebooks of prayers, awards, poetry, etc The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the individual or family.

Subseries 1.2, Organizations, dates, include materials from federations and voluntary groups created by Arab Americans. The materials consist primarily of advertisements, announcements, correspondence, convention catalogs and the minutes of meetings. Organizations include Syrian Lebanese Clubs, Pittsfield Syrian-Lebanese-American Club, Institute of Arab-American Affairs, Southern Federation of Syrian Lebanese American Clubs, History of Southern Federation, Midwest Federation of Syrian Lebanese Clubs, Western Federation of Syrian Lebanese Clubs, Eastern Federation, The Syrian Committee, National Federation of Syrian Lebanese Clubs, Religious organizations, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities (ALSAC), St. Jude Children Hospital, Rabita Al-Qalamiyya. Materials are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the organization.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Researchers must use microfilm copies. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Viewing film portions of collection require special appointment; please inquire with a reference archivist. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab-American Collection Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0078, Series 1
See more items in:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab American Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0078-ref707

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Cutlery

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
0.74 Cubic feet (consisting of 1.5 boxes, 2 folders, 1 oversize folder, plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
circa 1852-1935
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Cutlery forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of bills/receipts, scattered correspondence, patents, articles, printed advertisements, catalogues with prices, advertising cards, and import/export documents from manufacturers and dealers of table and pocket cutlery. Material dates from ca. 1852 - 1938.
Arrangement:
Materials are organized by name of company. There are six folders of documents, and related material arranged by type including import/export articles.

Oversize material is unprocessed. Details for additional collection material can be found in the Contents/Container List.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Cutlery is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Knives  Search this
Cutlery trade  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Cutlery
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Cutlery
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-cutlery
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.92 Cubic feet (consisting of 4 boxes, 1 folder, 4 oversize folders, 1 map folder, plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1793-1967
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Coffee forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This Coffee- subject category consists primarily of scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, bills, receipts, printed advertisements, advertising cards, envelopes, seals, labels, packages, business cards, premiums, photographs, caricatures, newsletters, articles and import/export documents from importers, roasters, and dealers of coffee. There are a few companies that sold imitation coffee. A number of these companies tended to be grocers and carried other products such as teas, spices, tobaccos, cigars, baking powders, salaeratus, mustards, cream of tartar, indigo, cocoa and chocolate. The bulk of the material is late nineteenth and early twentieth century.

There is very little information from companies who sold equipment needed to prepare coffee. Few references are made to coffee and tea pots, ums, coffee cleaners, stone separators, coffee huller and mill machinery.

Images include a richly illustrated atlas produced by Arbuckle Brothers Coffee Company consisting of fifty principal nations of the world. They also produced a series of National Geographic cards depicting animals and cards depicting states or territories. On the reverse side of these cards was an advertisement for the coffee. Often these ads offered explanations about why Arbuckle's brand of coffee cost more or why coffee should be ground at home. These cards were included in each package of Arbuckles' Coffee and were meant as lessons for the young and old. There are a number of illustrations of children, birds, flowers and fruit which were on coffee cans and packages.

Publications include articles relating to some aspect of the coffee industry. Such topics include advice from an hygienist regarding coffee and auction mart coffee-rooms. There are a number of copies of the Coffee Newsletter which was published monthly by the Coffee Brewing Institute in New York. The newsletter often included recipes and some general articles on the production, distribution and preparation of coffee. The newsletters date from December 1963 to February 1967 and include most of the issues between these periods. For more periodicals and newsletters see materials under company names. There are also a number of books and pamphlets relating to the coffee industry. These publications cover such topics as the origin of coffee, blending coffee, vacuum packed coffee and roasting. Most of these pamphlets and books were published by coffee associations organizations.

This collection also includes patent information about coffee and tea. A coffee bibliography can also be found among these materials.
Arrangement:
Materials in boxes one and two are arranged in alphabetical order by name of company. Box three is organized by type of material. Publications on the coffee industry are in box four and arranged by type.
Partial List of Brand Names and Corresponding Manufacturers and/or Distributors:
Brand names / Manufacturers and/or Distributors:

ACME / Thomas Wood and Company

ANCHOR / Boos and Holbrook

ARIOSA / Arbuckle Bros.

ARROW / W.J. Dilworth Company, Inc.

BATAVIA / Sprague, Warner and Company

BIG CHIEF / Chas Hoofnagle Company

BLUE PACKAGE / S.A. Schornbrunn and Company

BLUE RIBBON / Bower and Bartlett

BLUE SEAL / Lewis DeGroff and Son

BREAKFAST / P. Weiser

BUNKER HILL / Delano Potter and Company

BURSA / C.H. Walrath and Son
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Coffee is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Coffee  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Coffee
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-coffee
Online Media:

Advertising

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box SUPP 9, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
1905
Scope and Contents:
Trade cards for Arbuckles' Ariosa, Lion Coffee, and others plus a small multilingual bookletHow To Ask for a Cup of Coffee in 32 Languages(1905, Fischer's Coffee).
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-coffee-ref16

Advertising Cards for Dannemiller's "Cordova Coffee"

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee / General Works
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-coffee-ref722

General Retail Dealers' Advertising Cards

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee / General Works
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-coffee-ref723

Printed Advertisements for Coffee and Tea Pots and Urns, Coffee and Spice Mill Machinery

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Coffee / General Works
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-coffee-ref726

Orange Bowl Collection

Creator:
Orange Bowl Committee  Search this
Extent:
29 Cubic feet (67 boxes, 124 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1933-2000
Scope and Contents:
This collection consusts of . This collection arranged into six series.

Series 1, Historical Background Material,

Series 2, Seiler, Ernest E., 1951-1977, undated

Series 3, Orange Bowl Parade

Subseries 3.1, Office Files

Subseries 3.2, Float renderings and Drawings

Subseries 3.3, Costume

Subseries 3.4, Parade Scripts

Subseries 3.5, Ephemera

Series 4, Publicity Materials

Series 5, Photographs

Subseries 5.1, Floats

Subseries 5.2, Bands

Subseries 5.3, Parades

Subseries 5.4, Queens

Subseries 5.5, Slides

Subseries 5.6, Orange Bowl billboards
Arrangement:
Collection arranged into seven series.

Series 1: Historical Background Material,

Series 2: Ernest E. Seiler, 1951-1977, undated

Series 3: Orange Bowl Parade

Subseries 3.1: Office Files

Subseries 3.2: Float renderings and Drawings

Subseries 3.3: Costume

Subseries 3.4: Parade Scripts

Subseries 3.5: Ephemera

Series 4: Publicity Materials

Series 5: Photographs

Subseries 5.1: Floats

Subseries 5.2: Bands

Subseries 5.3: Parades

Subseries 5.4: Queens

Subseries 5.5: Slides

Subseries 5.6: Orange Bowl billboards

Subseries 5.7: Photographic Negatives

Series 6: Festival Float Files,

Series 7: Oversize Float Renderings, 1945-2000
Biographical / Historical:
The Orange Bowl football game and associated Festival and Parade is one of the country's oldest and most colorful spectacles. It was conceived in 1932 by local businessmen as a way to attract visitors to Miami in the middle of the Great Depression. Originally known as the Palm Festival, in 1935 it was renamed the Orange Bowl Festival. Its popularity grew steadily, especially after a full-time business manager was hired in March 1939 to promote it. Two months later, in May 1939, the organizers officially incorporated themselves as the nonprofit Orange Bowl Committee, with the avowed purpose of promoting positive social and economic activity in the Miami community through the annual game, festival and parade. The foreword of a promotional brochure for the 1940 Festival, The Story of the Orange Bowl, described it as "The ORANGE BOWL… An Institution of higher learning in the arts of sportsmanship and community co-operation….Conceived and administered by unselfish citizens in the public interest…. Dedicated to the ideals of fellowship, good will and understanding among all ages, in the upholding of a great state.... This, briefly, is the ORANGE BOWL, belonging to all Florida and to the nation…."

The parade came to national prominence after the Second World War. One key factor in the Committee's success was its early and mutually beneficial partnership with radio and television broadcasting, which brought the Orange Bowl festivities to a nation-wide audience. The parade packaged the social, cultural, and carnival-like fantasy life of Florida for northern audiences who might warm themselves by their televisions on New Year's Eve. To gain every advantage as a television event the parade was staged at night, unique among televised parades of similar scope and popular appeal. Unencumbered by height and width restrictions, its floats grew to fantastic proportions, characterized by animated mechanical figures, features such as "outriggers" (pontoon-like appendages from the main body of the float, like water skiers), and self-contained electrical lighting and sound systems. The latter anticipated Disney's "Electrical Parade." Similar attention was given to the staging of the Orange Bowl half-time show, whose multi-story telescoping towers and platforms have since become a Super Bowl staple. The production of Orange parade floats and special effects was a year-round job, which placed it in league with Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Pasadena's Tournament of Roses, and New Orleans' Mardi Gras.

The Committee ended its annual parade and festival in 2002 but the Orange Bowl football game continues.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Carvel Ice Cream Records

Pepsi-Cola Advertising Collection (AC092)

Materials Held by the National Museum of American History, Division of Political History

Vaughn's Parade Float File
Provenance:
The collectioon was donated by the orange Bowl Committee, through Jeffrey T. Roberts, President, 2011.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Parades -- United States  Search this
Parade floats  Search this
Parades  Search this
Parade float designers  Search this
Citation:
Orange Bowl Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1191
See more items in:
Orange Bowl Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1191
Online Media:

H. Irving Crane Papers

Creator:
Crane, H. Irving  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1927-1950
bulk 1935-1945
Summary:
H. Irving Crane worked as a chemist for Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. (a division of National Dairy Corporation) from 1933-1940s on the production of several products utilizing casein, a protein found in milk. These products include Aralac (a synthetic fiber), Aracide (a fungicide and moth repellent), spray-dried milk, casein paints, and synthetic rubbers. The H. Irving Crane papers document Crane's work as a chemist at Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. and the development of Aralac and Aracide.
Scope and Contents:
The H. Irving Crane papers illuminate the development of casein products in the 1930s-1940s, particularly a fiber and fungicide. The collection is divided into two series:

Series 1, Atlantic Research Associates, Inc., 1927-1950, consists of material relating to Crane's research and experiments while a chemist at ARA. This series is divided into eight subseries:

Subseries 1, Aralac, 1938-1945, illuminates the development, testing, production, and uses of the casein fiber Aralac. Correspondence, memoranda, notes, and reports document the challenges associated with the initial production, dyeing, and adding of chemical washes to Aralac and the use of Aralac in manufacturing of cloth goods. Correspondence between ARA and customers documents the use of Aralac in carpet, military socks, lace, knitting yarn, and hats. Associated fiber samples from the dyeing process and material relating to the treatment of Aralac with Aracide are also included.

Subseries 2, Aracide, 1935-1945, consists of correspondence, memoranda, notes, and reports relating to the anti-fungal agent. Another ARA employee, Laura Adams, produced several reports on Aracide. Correspondence reflects its testing for use in carpets and an attempt to obtain a patent for the fungicide.

Subseries 3, Other products, 1937-1945, contains materials relating to all the products that Crane worked on, including a spray drying process for milk dehydration and casein paints. There is a small amount of documentation of Aralac and Aracide within this subseries.

Subseries 4, Laboratory notebooks, 1937-1945, documents Crane's daily activities on the projects he worked on. Arranged chronologically, test results, notes, graphs, and experimental procedures are recorded within these notebooks. There are significant gaps in the date range listed above.

Subseries 5, Correspondence, memoranda, and reports, 1937-1948, records activities and communication within ARA. Documents written by Crane relate to his work, but many other reports document projects that Crane was not directly involved with. Two letters from F. C. Atwood, the president of ARA, illuminate occurrences within ARA: the potential drafting of Crane into military service for World War II and the reorganization of the company into NARC.

Subseries 6, Reference materials, 1936-1948, is comprised of scientific resources that Crane utilized and created. He reviewed scientific literature, indexed and summarized chemical abstracts, and compiled bibliographies related to the fields of fiber production, casein usage, and anti-fungal agents.

Subseries 7, Photographs, 1937-1941, illustrates ARA company gatherings, staff, and facilities.

Subseries 8, Printed material, 1927-1950, contains advertisements, catalogs, pamphlets, and brochures for assorted chemicals and laboratory equipment that were available to industrial chemists at the time. ARA-produced products represented include Aralac and the paints Aratone, Aralux, and Casein Deep Colors. Additional periodicals and newsletters received by Crane are also included.

Series 2, Biographical Material, 1936-1947, documents Crane's educational background, insurance needs, banking, and time spent at work.

Fiber samples and oversize material have been separated from the collection for preservation concerns. Items separated are identified by folder.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Atlantic Research Associates, Inc., 1927-1950, undated

Subseries 1, Aralac, 1938-1945, undated

Subseries 2, Aracide, 1935-1945, undated

Subseries 3, Other products, 1937-1945, undated

Subseries 4, Laboratory notebooks, 1937-1945, undated

Subseries 5, Correspondence, memoranda, and reports, 1937-1948, undated

Subseries 6, Reference materials, 1936-1948, undated

Subseries 7, Photographs, 1937-1941, undated

Subseries 8, Printed materials, 1927-1950, undated

Series 2: Biographical Material, 1936-1947, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Horace Irving Crane (1912-1984) was born on May 12, 1912. In 1929, he enrolled at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where he earned an undergraduate degree in Chemistry in 1933 and a Ph.D. in Chemistry in 1936.

In 1933, Crane began working at Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. (ARA) in Newtonville, Massachusetts as a chemist. ARA was a division of National Dairy Products Corporation, which was later absorbed by Kraft Foods. ARA specialized in the development of products from casein, a protein found in milk. ARA had manufactured casein-based paints since 1927 and continued to produce other casein products such as glues, plastics, films, and paper coatings. Most of these products were given a name beginning with the prefix "Ara-" taken from the company's name.

Crane and other chemists at ARA began research into the production of a casein fiber in 1937. Aralac was first manufactured at a plant in Bristol, Rhode Island. Patents were granted to the president of ARA, Francis Clarke Atwood, for Aralac ("Method of Making Proteinaceous Fibers" US Patent #2,342,994 and "Method of Treating Fibrous Material and Product Resulting Therefrom" US Patent #2,342,634). In 1941, production moved to a larger plant in Taftville, Connecticut. The production of the fiber was as follows:

First the pH value of the milk was lowered using acid. The protein reached its minimum solubility, and with swelling was precipitated out of the milk as curd. This curd was the raw material for the production of Aralac. The casein (curd) was collected in small creameries as well as large ones. One hundred pounds of milk produced 3.7 pounds of casein, which in turn produced 3.7 pounds of fiber. After the casein arrived at the plant, it was carefully blended with casein from other producers and dissolved in water with proper solvents. Adjustments were made to the viscosity in order to produce a uniform base and ensure the complete removal of foreign materials. The solution became syrup-like and was forced through a spinnerette into a coagulating bath and was carried away. It remained in tow form through a succession of hardening and molecular modifying treatments interspersed at times with washing and drying.

Aralac is in the Azlon class of fibers. Fibers in this class are made from regenerated, naturally-occurring proteins such as milk, corn, soybeans, and peanuts. It was hoped that Aralac would be considered a luxury fiber in direct competition with the best grades of wool. It was introduced just as the United States entered World War II; during the war, Aralac was blended with rayon and acetate for use in civilian dress fabric and in felted hats. It was tested for use in carpet, military socks, lace, and knitting yarn, but was not satisfactory. Due to its low strength and the difficulty in dyeing it, Aralac had a short life. Production of the fiber ended in 1948.

Crane also worked on Aracide, a moth and mildew repellant. Aracide was initially developed as a fungicide for casein paints in 1937, but was also used to prevent moths from infesting Aralac. ARA attempted to obtain a patent for Aracide, but was rejected due to similarities with another patented fungicide.

In addition to Aralac and Aracide, Crane worked on a spray drier to evaporate milk and other assorted ARA projects. In 1945, ARA was reorganized and consolidated into a larger company, National Atlantic Research Corporation.

Following his departure from ARA, Crane worked at Sylvania Electric Products, Clevite Transistor, Computer Controls Corporation, and Honeywell. In 1957, Crane received a patent for methods of treating Germanium in relation to semiconductors (US Patent #2,793,146) while at Sylvania Electric Products.

Crane married his ARA lab technician, Laura Soule, and they raised their children in Massachusetts. He retired in 1977 and died in Vermont on April 7, 1984.
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Home and Community Life holds artifacts including a suit made from Aralac (Accession #2006.0096A).
Separated Materials:
Material separated for preservation reasons:

Box 9, Folder 1, Casein fiber --dyeing, undated

Box 9, Folder 2, Aratex, Inc. --Bristol, Rhode Island plant, 1940, undated

Box 9, Folder 3, Aratex, Inc. --Bristol, Rhode Island plant and Aralac --customer contacts, 1941, undated

Box 9, Folder 4, Crane --Memoranda, reports, etc. and Reports --from H. I. Crane & others, 1940, undated

Box 9, Folder 5-6, Reports --from H. I. Crane and others, 1940-1941

Box 10, Folder 1, Oversize papers, 1944

Box 10, Folder 2-4, Reports --from H. I. Crane and others, 1941 and undated

Box 10, Folder 5, [Dyed fiber samples], undated

Box 11, Folder 1-4 , [Dyed fiber samples], undated

Box 12, Folder 1, [Loose fibers that detached from dyed fiber samples], undated

Box 12, Folder 2, [Aralac/rayon blend fabric samples], undated

Box 12, Folder 3-5, [Dyed fiber samples], undated
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Irving Crane's son, Andrew Crane, in 2007.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but a portion of the collection is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Chemists  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Chemical abstracts -- Outlines, syllabi, etc.  Search this
Casein  Search this
Wool, Artificial  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic -- Laboratory manuals  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic -- Testing  Search this
Fungicides -- Testing  Search this
Spray drying  Search this
Synthetic fabrics  Search this
Synthetic fibers industry  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic Dyeing  Search this
Citation:
H. Irving Crane Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1119
See more items in:
H. Irving Crane Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1119
Online Media:

[Chemical advertisements and information]

Collection Creator:
Crane, H. Irving  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1933 - 1948
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but a portion of the collection is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
H. Irving Crane Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
H. Irving Crane Papers
H. Irving Crane Papers / Series 1 : Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. / 1.8: Printed material
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1119-ref130

[Laboratory equipment advertisements and catalogs]

Collection Creator:
Crane, H. Irving  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 1-2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1933 - 1948
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but a portion of the collection is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
H. Irving Crane Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
H. Irving Crane Papers
H. Irving Crane Papers / Series 1 : Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. / 1.8: Printed material
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1119-ref132

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