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Two Abnaki Men Paddling Canoe with Woman, Child, and Baggage Inside; Loon Flying Overhead Drawing

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf)
Container:
Box 11
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Works of art
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08741900

NAA MS.2372: Box 11:
Local Note:
drawing
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.3: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by Native American tribe or subject / Abnaki
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37ee11e5c-8321-4992-9b78-050ae5e359e9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1355

Western Abnaki/Eastern Abnaki/Passamaquoddy

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
12 Boxes
Culture:
Penobscot -- language  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Place:
New England
Maine
Date:
1949-circa 1952
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Northeast/Southeast series contains Harrington's Western Abenaki, Eastern Abenaki, and Passamaquoddy research. The bulk of the notes consists of Maine placenames culled from numerous secondary sources ranging from seventeenth-century documents to publications of the 1940s, and also including little known local histories, old maps and atlases, highway and forestry maps, and unidentified newspaper clippings. Located here also are lesser numbers of placenames of other states in the Northeast and the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick. Most of the material was reheard by St. Francis, Penobscot, and Passamaquoddy speakers, with an occasional Malecite, Micmac, and Menomini comparison.

The Western Abenaki (St. Francis) section contains vocabulary entries semantically arranged in about a dozen categories. The most extensive section (former B.A.E. MS 6029pt.) is that of Maine placenames copied from secondary sources. The most frequently cited sources were Joseph Laurent's New Familiar Abenakis and English Dialogues (1884), and Henry Lorne Masta's Abenaki Indian Legends, Grammar and Place Names (1932). This section also contains placenames of the New England States, New York, and the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, along with a few Penobscot and Passamaquoddy equivalences. The notes on tribenames include names found in the texts and maps of seventeenth-century voyages of discovery and in early histories of New England and Canada. Old and New World names and ethnic and race designations are also found in this category. The files also include a typed draft, with related notes (former B.A.E. ms. 6029pt.), dated 1950, titled "The Abnakis and Their Language." According to Harrington's introduction, the dialect is that of St. Francis and is based on terms from Laurent and Masta. There are notes covering phonetics and morphology, the latter arranged according to grammatical word form. Extensive hIstorIcal background material was sent to Harrington by T .R.L. MacInnes, secretary of the Indian Affairs Branch of the Department of MInes and Resources in Ottawa. A Mr. A. E. St. Louis did the actual research of the department's records and included some Huron data.

The Eastern Abenaki (Penobscot) vocabulary is semantically arranged in about ten categories, with occasional Passamaquoddy comparisons and a few Malecite terms. Ethnographic data sometimes accompany the linguistics. Harrington also etymologized certain phenomenal and geographic terms from the placename appendix of Joseph Nicolar published by Fannie Hardy Eckstorm (cited in the notes as "Eckst.") in Indian Place-names of the Penobscot Valley and the Maine Coast (1941). Some of the tribenames were formerly part of B.A.E. manuscript 4463. He also consulted other published sources.

Eastern Abenaki grammatical notes include phonetics and morphology, with great emphasis on the former. Some St. Francis and Passamaquoddy comparisons culled from Harrington's notes are interfiled. There is also a small assortment of random historical and ethnographical reading notes culled from various secondary sources, most of which are identified in a related bibliographical section. A few bits of historical information come from Dana and Watso. There are no linguistic elaborations.

Materials relating to Penobscot and Passamaquoddy placenames primarily center around a proposed paper titled "The Indian Placenames of Maine" (former B.A.E. mss. 4463pt. and 6029pt.). A short introductory draft is followed by a linguistic study of placenames of Maine organized according to its sixteen counties. One brief section organized by regions and trails probably represents a discarded plan of procedure, and there is one group of miscellaneous names. Many terms bear the identification "Pen." for Penobscot and "Pass." for Passamaquoddy. If not identified, they are usually in the Penobscot dialect and given by Dana. There are a few Malecite and Micmac equivalences and one or two Menomini names. Two segments on Maine sites contain no linguistic elaborations. One list, organized by county and generally entered one item to a page, parallels the section described above. It comes from the same secondary sources and evidently was accumulated as a guide to the later rehearings. The second group, collected from various sources, provides historical information only (former B.A.E. ms. 6029 pt.). Placenames from other states and provinces include rehearings on the placename Massachusetts, New Brunswick placenames, and a miscellaneous group of unsorted and discarded notes. There is also linguistic treatment of "Pomole" and "Glooscap" texts, with an emphasis on Maine placenames (former B.A.E. MS 4463 pt.), as well as a typescript titled "A Short History of the Passamaquoddy Indians" in English.

Among Harrington's files are also notes for three proposed papers. One paper is on the name "Tarentine" as applied to native Americans of the East Coast. Harrington found evidence of its use among the records and histories of early voyagers to America. The second paper was to be a commentary on the Abenaki vocabulary compiled in 1605 by James Rosier, a member of the expedition under Captain George Waymouth (Weymouth). Harrington made a copy of the Waymouth terms while in New York City in November 1949. Both sets of notes contain occasional references to Laurent and Masta, but no linguistic data. A third paper was called "Bashaba and Bessabes Are Two Different Words." From numerous accounts of the earliest recorded voyages to the New World, Harrington accumulated reading notes to prove that Bashaba was a general name for a chief and that Bessabes was the personal name of a particular chief. Again there are no linguistic etymologies.
Biographical / Historical:
John P. Harrington accumulated information on these languages between April 24 and October 24, 1949. Most of his time was spent in Old Town, Maine, although he worked also in Bangor, at the State House Library in Augusta, at the Maine Historical Society in Portland, and in Eastport, Maine. He secured linguistic information from St. Francis speakers of Odanak near Pierreville, Quebec, and from a colony of Abenakis in Albany, New York. In November and December of 1949 while on trips between New York City and Washington for other reasons, he carried the notes with him for further sorting and rearranging. Reports indicate that in 1952 he was in the process of assembling an extensive study on the Abenaki, possibly incorporating data on the vocabulary, grammar, history, and ethnography of both Abenaki languages.

The principal St. Francis speakers that he worked with were Oliver Obomsawin (Ol.) and Alfred Miller (Am., AI.) of Odanak, and George Dennis (Geo., Den.) and John Watso of Albany. Watso introduced Harrington to Edwin E. Nagazoa (Ed., Nag., N.) and Maude Benedict Nagazoa, the former described as a perfect Abenaki speaker. Others that he worked with include Thomas Sadoquin, Mrs. Daylight (Mrs. D., D.), Antoine Medzalabolet, Chief Charles Nolet, and Dominico Berni. Berni's role is somewhat uncertain. He may have translated a letter of inquiry to the Bureau of American Ethnology which Harrington was assigned to handle, and which may have had nothing to do with Abenaki. Andrew E. Dana (And.), Frank and Mary Mitchell, and Charles John Saulis provided Penobscot and Passamaquoddy material, yielding extensive placename etymologies. Penobscot and a few Malecite (spelled "Malacite" throughout Harrington's notes) terms came from Harry Francis whose mother, Mary Jean Francis, was a Malecite Indian. Others that he worked with were Lena Mitchell, Laura, and Mr. and Mrs. William Neptune of Pleasant Point, near Eastport, Maine. William Neptune was a Passamaquoddy but Harrington credited him with Wawenock data.

Field notes and correspondence indicate that Harrington consulted with Dr. Frank T. Siebert,Jr., in person and by mail.

Arthur E. Edgerley at the State Highway Commission office in Augusta provided bits of history surrounding the sites as well as names of some of the people who formerly inhabited them.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Abenaki language  Search this
Passamaquoddy language  Search this
Micmac language  Search this
Menominee language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Toponymy  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 6.3
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers
John Peabody Harrington papers / Series 6: Native American History, Language, and Culture of the Northeast & Southeast
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30137b10b-c325-48ed-8711-7db14aacd449
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref14822
Online Media:

Supplemental Material on the Northeast/Southeast

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (box)
Culture:
Penobscot -- language  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Fox  Search this
Cree  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Conoy Indians  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Vocabulary
Date:
circa 1907-circa 1957
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Notes and writings on special linguistic studies series contains material that supplement Harrington's Northeast/Southeast field notes.

The file on Algonquian includes three slips of Fox, Cree, Ojibwa, and Massachusett (labeled "Natick") vocabulary in the hand of Truman Michelson; typed copies of the above; notes on Cree and Ojibwa from secondary sources; information on the growing of wild rice by the Menominee; and miscellaneous notes on placenames and tribenames regarding the Cree, Ojibwa, Conoy, Nanticoke, and Narraganset.

The Shawnee/Peoria section consists of six pages of notes on Shawnee tribal divisions.

Among the miscellaneous material on the Abnaki languages is a page of Penobscot vocabulary obtained from Frank Siebert in April 1940. The remaining material was compiled during fieldwork on Western Abnaki at St. Francis in 1949. There are four pages on possible informants from Charles Nolet and a page of vocabulary from "Am"; bibliographic references; and lexical and grammatical notes excerpted from the works of Joseph Laurent and Masta.

For Massachusett there are three pages of miscellaneous notes with references to Trumbull's Natick Dictionary.

The bulk of the file on Iroquoian consists of a typed copy of an unidentified historical text from the 1880s. It discusses the relations of the Iroquois with the Spanish, French, and English settlers in the New World. Special mention is made of Gy-ant-va-chia (Cornplanter), chief of the Seneca. The spacing of the lines of text suggests that Harrington was planning to add a translation or annotations of some kind. There are also three pages of miscellaneous notes in his hand.

Most of the file on Delaware consists of information on placenames and tribenames obtained from Frank Siebert, Carl F. Voegelin, and a number of Oklahoma residents in 1940. Siebert gave both Delaware and Penobscot terms, and Unami words were given by Roy Longbone, Salley Fallleaf, and Jake Parks. Munsee forms were obtained from Josiah Montour and Jane Pattice of the Six-Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada. Also included are a carbon copy of a typed list of possible informants and several pages of miscellaneous notes from the works of Brinton, Strachey, and Zeisberger.

The section on Creek/Seminole/Alabama/Koasati/Choctaw contains twenty-one pages of vocabulary (mostly on tribenames) which Harrington obtained in an interview with James Feagin Sylestine, a speaker of the Alabama language, on April 25, 1940. The informant's home was in Livingston, Texas, although he was at the Shawnee Sanatorium at the time Harrington worked with him. The remaining miscellaneous notes were excerpted from various published and manuscript sources. They include references to Creek, Cherokee, Seminole, Alabama, and Choctaw.

Miscellaneous material relating to the East consists of brief notes which Harrington copied from a number of secondary sources. There are mentions of the Huron, Wyandot, Powhatan, and Cherokee tribes, among others. Three of the pages consist of a partial typed list (alphabetically arranged K to M) of "Carolina and Virginia Algonquian" words. This list is based on that given in the commentary on the map of Raleigh's Virginia, pages 852 to 872 of The Roanoke Voyages, which was published by the Hakluyt Society in 1955.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Algonquian languages  Search this
Fox language  Search this
Cree language  Search this
Ojibwa language  Search this
Wampanoag language  Search this
Nanticoke language  Search this
Narragansett language  Search this
Abenaki language  Search this
Delaware language  Search this
Munsee language  Search this
Creek language  Search this
Cherokee language  Search this
Alabama language  Search this
Choctaw language  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Names, Ethnological  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Vocabulary
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 8.6
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers
John Peabody Harrington papers / Series 8: Notes and Writings on Special Linguistic Studies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cd9617a0-28a5-4c9d-a745-4da9c52b91fc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref15294

Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1428 Negatives (photographic)
40 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Nauset  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Nansemond  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Machapunga (Pungo River)  Search this
Innu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Massachusetts
Maine
Maryland
Virginia
Canada
Delaware
North Carolina
Date:
1909-1937
Summary:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes portraits of individuals and families, as well as scenic shots and landscape views made between 1909 and 1937. Speck was an anthropologist and ethnographer, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collecting ethnographic materials across the Eastern United States and Canada. His collection of photographs includes materials from native communities ranging from Newfoundland to Ontario in Canada and from Maine to South Carolina in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes negatives and a small amount of prints made by Speck throughout the course of his career as an anthropologist and ethnographer. The majority of the photographs in this collection were made while Speck conducted field trips on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1924 and 1932, though there are photographs from before and after this time. This collection has been arranged into Series by geographical location and then into subseries by culture group or community. Series 1: Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat, 1916-1935; Series 2: Quebec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, 1910-1937; Series 3: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, 1909-1917; Series 4: Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation, 1914-1937; Series 5: Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, 1910-1924; Series 6: Massachussets and Rhode Island: Wampanoag, Nauset, 1914-1931; Series 7: Connecticut: Mohegan, Niantic, Schaghticoke, Pequot, 1912-1931; Series 8: Delaware: Nanticoke and Rappahanock, 1911-1925; Series 9: Virginia and Maryland: Rappahanock, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Potomac, Accomac, Powhatan, 1915-1924; Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1915-1930.

Many of Frank Speck's photographs are individual and family portraits of community members, many identified, posed outdoors in front of homes and community buildings. There are also landscape views as well as photographs taken during community events. There are a small amount of photographs that have now been restricted due to cultural sensitivity though for the most part Speck did not photograph culturally sensitive activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 10 Series by geographic region and within each series by culture group. The negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)
Related Materials:
The Frank G. Speck Papers can be found at the American Philosophical Society (Mss.Ms.Coll.126) along with additional photographic materials by Speck.
Frank Speck published extensively in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation publications; "Indian Notes" and "Indian Notes and Monographs." These publications are avialable through the Smithsonian Institution Libraries or online on the Internet Archive.
Separated Materials:
A small amount of notes from Speck's field work can be found in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 273, Folder 18 through Box 274 Folder 2.

Close to 4000 ethnographic and archeological items were collected by Speck for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and are now in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) collection. For more information about these objects contact the NMAI Collections Department.
Provenance:
The majority of the negatives were gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) by Frank Speck in 1927. The group of Nanticoke photographs were purchased by the MAI in 1915 and smaller amounts of photographs were gifted and purchased by the MAI between 1923 and 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Maine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Maryland  Search this
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts  Search this
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Delaware  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Carolina  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a7ad21af-6cc2-49e2-a636-bcf01e1c4dc6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-032
Online Media:

Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
137 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1910-1924
Scope and Contents:
This series includes negatives that Frank Speck made in Maine in New Hampshire among the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy and Abenaki communities between 1910 and 1924. The majority of the photographs were shot in Old Town, Penobscot County, Maine and feature portraits of Penobscot community members as well as images of canoes, wigwams and hunting trips.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Series 5
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b3bb155f-90c5-4159-b985-d3806b75f63b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref514

Portrait of Louis Phillipe at Train Station

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1926
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of Abenaki (Abnaki) man Louis Phillipe posed in a train station in front of a sign which states "This train for Roberval" on the Mashteuiatsh Reserve (Ouiatchouan, Pointe Bleue) on Lac Saint-Jean, Québec. Roberval is just south of the Mashteuiatsh Reserve.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Item N14809
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities / 2.2: Innu [Mashteuiatsh (Pointe-Bleue, Quebec)] and Mistassini Cree
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47b20fbe1-1dab-4382-ba89-c9cb6f976fa2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref780

Bead/beads

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Donor:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Bead/beads
Media/Materials:
Whelk shell/shells
Techniques:
Ground, drilled
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
11/408
Barcode:
110408.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65c1d403a-64db-4ecb-9237-fe208d97ae14
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119012
Online Media:

Miniature basket with cover

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Lender:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Miniature basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Black ash/brown ash splints, sweetgrass
Techniques:
Plaited, wicker-plaited, fancy plaited weave
Dimensions:
2.5 x 2.5 x 3.75 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pierreville; Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Date created:
1900+1910
Catalog Number:
20/6877
Barcode:
206877.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws670453613-9bce-4618-bddf-4c007e082f97
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220970
Online Media:

Remains of Wooden Canoe Weighted Down by Stones

Creator:
Fetzer, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box Arch:4, Folder 5
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1955
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01745400
Local Note:
02 July 1955
Black and white photoprint
Place:
New Hampshire -- Wolfesboro, Rust Pond
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Archeo Nh 01745400, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 3: Archaeology / Archeo Nh
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw381270e93-1ba4-4a27-b2af-a8d6ebb45ef3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16356

Remains of Wooden Canoe Weighted Down by Stones

Creator:
Fetzer, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box Arch:4, Folder 5
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1955
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01745500
Local Note:
July 1955
Black and white photoprint
Place:
New Hampshire -- Wolfesboro, Rust Pond
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Archeo Nh 01745500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 3: Archaeology / Archeo Nh
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37ddf6862-d22d-483b-8e89-0ac3ae4ddd20
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16357

Detail View of Canoe Remains

Creator:
Fetzer, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box Arch:4, Folder 5
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1955
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01745600
Local Note:
July 1955
Black and white photoprint
Place:
New Hampshire -- Wolfesboro, Rust Pond
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Archeo Nh 01745600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 3: Archaeology / Archeo Nh
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c6095d37-8332-43c2-90a8-9df36ca48dd6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16358

Five Boys Next to Canoe Remains

Creator:
Fetzer, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box Arch:4, Folder 5
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1955
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01745700
Local Note:
July 1955
Black and white photoprint
Place:
New Hampshire -- Wolfesboro, Rust Pond
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Archeo Nh 01745700, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 3: Archaeology / Archeo Nh
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a793ebeb-3fd5-4ad0-b7d9-05691125630d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16359

View of Remains of Two Canoes

Creator:
Fetzer, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box Arch:4, Folder 5
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1955
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01745800
Local Note:
See Letters from Dr Robert F W Meander July 1955
Black and white photoprint
Place:
New Hampshire -- Wolfesboro, Rust Pond
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Archeo Nh 01745800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 3: Archaeology / Archeo Nh
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32492b3fa-6564-41df-99da-cbe30ed86885
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16360

Drawing Depicting Three Ball Game Rackets

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 005 in mounted on 004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01768900
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Se Cherokee NM No # Misc 01768900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southeast / Cherokee
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b8c5c424-17a8-4897-ac95-dc786b8c3fba
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16489

Gerard Morin Wearing Self-Made Native Costume

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 006 in)
Container:
Box XI:1, Folder 1
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1964
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00237300
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
New Hampshire -- Nashua?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC E Canada Abnaki SOA No # 00237300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Eastern Canada / Abnaki SOA
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw306dcf959-399f-4d10-8105-c6c86c104a5d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1983

Portrait of Boy and Two Men (Passamaquoddy Band) in Partial Native Dress with Father Vermilyea, Their Priest

Creator:
Loring's Rooms  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in mounted on 004 in x 006 in)
Container:
Box XI:1, Folder 2
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00237400

opps neg.89-1303
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Maine
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC E Canada Abnaki NM No # 00237400, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Eastern Canada / Abnaki
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3166af4b1-74c8-416f-9a50-6bc86ba1784e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1984

Mrs Caroline Masta, of Pierreville, Canada, Making Baskets In Her Shop

Creator:
Rowland, Herbert B.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 003 in mounted on 009 in x 007 in)
Container:
Box XI:1, Folder 2
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
28 AUG 1900
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00237500

OPPS NEG.84-10,788
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
New Jersey -- Belman
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC E Canada Abnaki NM No # 00237500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Eastern Canada / Abnaki
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e6f1c3fe-969d-4e82-a475-f2d171e39250
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1985

Horn Spoon Taken from Native Killed by Capt John Gardner, Battle of Haverhill, 29 Aug 1708

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 008 in mounted on 005 in x 009 in)
Container:
Box XI:1, Folder 2
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1907
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00237600
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Massachusetts ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC E Canada Abnaki NM No # 00237600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Eastern Canada / Abnaki
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33b7a10a5-37d4-4e98-851f-e58946aced9e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1986

Costume Diagram with Terms in Abnaki Print

Creator:
Morin, Gerard  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf)
Container:
Box XI:1, Folder 1
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Works of art
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08956900

OPPS NEG.79-4318
Local Note:
print
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Eastern Canada Abnaki Soa Unnumbered National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Eastern Canada / Abnaki SOA
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw353b65333-23c5-4b1f-9957-b06e83c4e5c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref22456

Group of Children

Creator:
Merrill, L. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 005 in mounted on 004 in x 005 in)
Container:
Box XI:4, Folder 16
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00291100
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Maine -- Orono
Topic:
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC E Canada Micmac NM 32189 00291100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Eastern Canada / Micmac
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3db0bc40a-609b-4d50-bba3-08966f5971e3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref2576

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