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The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

Seattle -- The Merrill House

Landscape designer:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Architect:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Landscape architect:
Church, Thomas Dolliver  Search this
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Merrill House (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Scope and Contents:
The folders include work sheets, narrative history by Mrs. Corydon (Eulalie) Wagner and copies of articles.
Reproduction Note:
Two slides copied from Washington State Historical Society collections, Tacoma, Washington; four from Mrs. Corydon Wagner collection; two from Treasury of American Gardens; one from The American Woman's Garden; and three from unknown sources. One photoprint is copy of original 1928 photoprint.
General:
According to Mrs. Corydon (Eulalie) Wagner, the one acre, European-style garden, was seen at its best when seen from above. A city garden enclosed by high cement walls, it consisted of formal pathways of white pebbles; eight flower beds outlined with dwarf box; and a round pool surrounded by a square qrass bed and parterres. The beds displayed various color schemes of tulips, followed by a "Mille Fleur" perennial garden in the summer. Tea roses were added during the 1920s. After the death of Mrs. Merrill in the 1930s, the family opened the house for charitable organizations, particularly those in which she took an active part. During World War II, Victory Garden vegetables filled in where lilies and holly-hocks grew. The perennial borders were slightly transformed by using annuals, and after the bay trees died in the wooden boxes, they were replaced with tree-tiered topiaries of Ficus. During the 1960s, the Merrill family visited Versailles and its box borders. In order to eliminate the upkeep of the "Mille Fleur" summer garden, Thomas Church designed a box parterre, a miniature version of those at Villandry--eliminating much of Shipman's perennial borders. Kevin Harvey currently plants strongly-shaped and colored perennials into the gravel beds to add year-round interest.
Persons associated with the garden include: Richard Dwight Merrill (former owner, 1910-1964); Eulalie Wagner (former owner, ?-1991); The Merrill Foundation (owners of 1/2 the original property); Charles A. Platt (architect, landscape designer, 1910); Ellen Biddle Shipman (landscape architect, 1915); Thomas Dolliver Church (landscape architect, 1960s); and Kevin Harvey (gardener and designer, 2004).
Related Materials:
The Merrill House related holdings consist of 1 folder (12 35 mm. slides and 4 photoprints)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA012
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11419

Tacoma -- Thornewood

Former owner:
Thorne, Chester Mr Mrs  Search this
Palmer, Perry & Connie  Search this
Architect:
Cutter, Kirkland Kelsey  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Provenance:
Tacoma Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Thornewood (Tacoma, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- Pierce County -- Tacoma
Scope and Contents:
The folders include work sheets and copies of articles.
Reproduction Note:
Three slides reproduced from American Country Houses To-Day; six slides reproduced from hand-colored photographs by Asahel Curtis; four slides reproduced from collections in Washington State Historical Society; one slide reproduced from House Beatuiful (1926); and three slides reproduced from Lewis and Shelon Plate (1921).
General:
A 400 year old Elizabethan manor in England was purchased by Mr. Thorne and dismantled and shipped brick by brick from England to be included in the building of Thornewood. Thornewood, built in 1911, once covered 100 acres, from the American Lake shore to the Tacoma Country and Golf Club. The mountain served as the inspiration for the landscape design. "The mountain at a distance has been brought into the picture by means of long, horizontal lines, by the general contrivance of walks, borders, boundary walls, by the preservation of certain natural trees..." (Howe, 1915) The garden terminated with two arbors united with balustrades. A Japanese garden was planted in two corners near a water garden. Most of the estate was divided into 30 home sites in 1959. In 1982, the house was named to the National Register of Historic Places. By 1988, the property was reduced to three acres on the lake. The current owners use the house, "Thornewood Castle," and property as a bed and breakfast.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. Chester Thorne (former owner, 1910-1927 ); Perry and Connie Palmer (former owners, 1965-1988?); John C. Olmsted of Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects (landscape architect, 1910).
Tacoma Garden Club facilitated the documentation of the 1990s photographs of this garden.
Related Materials:
Thornewood related holdings consist of 2 folders (35 35 mm. slides, 12 photoprints and 43 glass lantern slides)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03494, Chester Thorne.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11425

[Eddy Garden]

Colorist:
Van Altena, Edward  Search this
Former owner:
Eddy, John W.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Holmdahl, Otto  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Eddy Garden (Seattle, Washington)
Washington (State) -- Seattle
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Mrs. James Eddy commissioned O.E. Holmdahl to design the garden. The property overlooks the Puget Sound and includes views of the Cascades to the east and the Olympies to the west. The garden displayed showy annuals and cherry trees.
Persons associated with the garden include Mrs. James Eddy (former owner, ca. 1920's) and O. E. Holmdahl (Landscape Architect).
Mount reads: "Edward Van Altena."
Historic plate number: "2 A."
Historic plate caption: "Mrs. John W. Eddy; Seattle, Washington."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Walls, stone  Search this
Vines  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA003001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA003: Seattle -- Eddy Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11517

[Norcliffe]

Colorist:
Van Altena, Edward  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Washington (State) -- Seattle
Norcliffe (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
1920.
General:
Mount reads: "Edward Van Altena."
Historic plate number: "11."
Historic plate caption: "Mrs. Charles W. Stimson."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Containers  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Hillside planting  Search this
Benches  Search this
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA004001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA004: Seattle -- Norcliffe
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11518

[Norcliffe]: courtyard plantings under pseudo cerestus ko-fugen. Facing south from south courtyard.

Colorist:
Van Altena, Edward  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Washington (State) -- Seattle
Norcliffe (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
1920.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Courtyards  Search this
Porches  Search this
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Snapdragons  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA004002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA004: Seattle -- Norcliffe
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11519

[Norcliffe]: tulip "Erquste" facing south from south courtyard.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (b & w.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Washington (State) -- Seattle
Norcliffe (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
1920.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Tulips  Search this
Porches  Search this
Terraces (land forms)  Search this
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Entrances  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Trees  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA004003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA004: Seattle -- Norcliffe
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11520

Lake Geneva -- House in the Woods

Former owner:
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay  Search this
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mrs.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mr.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Mariani Landscape  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Arborist:
Bartlett Tree Experts  Search this
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
House in the Woods (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and articles about the house.
General:
Beauty without boundaries is the guiding principle for the more than 50 acre vacation estate. Since it was identified as one of the most beautiful country houses by Ladies Home Journal in 1912 and had gardens landscaped by John Charles Olmsted in 1905, the owners chose to restore rather than renovate when they purchased the property in 1971. The wooded shore of Lake Geneva with rockwork retaining walls transitions into an ornamentally landscaped estate. Drifts of hydrangea, hosta and buckeye at the gated entrance are succeeded by the original concrete driveway through woodland gardens with sugar maple, red oak, white oak, linden, boxwood, ground covers and perennial flowers that include daylilies, bleeding heart, phlox, and rugose roses. The formal drive circle at the house has a fountain in the center and a perimeter of flowering shrubs and variegated ivy topiaries. A grass terrace facing the lake features a rustic planted stone staircase. White roses and hydrangea are accented by a bell placed on an old tree stump. The children's garden has containers of vegetables, fruits, flowers and herbs with rustic wattle arches and furniture.
An enclosed courtyard for the swimming pool between the main house and guest house has clipped yew hedges, ground covers and perennials, trumpet, clematis and wisteria vines, and potted citrus trees. Near stands of mature trees planted more than 100 years ago there is a grotto, a mound of soil and stones topped by a statue with a stone bench nearby. One lawn is kept sculpted into a labyrinth. There is a mineral spring on the property, which is said to be restorative, that flows into a fieldstone basin surrounded by a planted rockwork wall. The other formal gardens include a rose garden planted in parterres and enclosed by espaliered apple trees and an organic potager with vegetable, herb and cutting flower beds laid out geometrically on either side of a wide path of stabilized degenerate granite with more espaliered fruit trees on the surrounding wire fence and covering a pergola.
Renovations were required for a disabled family member, including widened and level walkways with very gradual inclines, smooth stone patios and terraces with narrow joints, benches placed where there are good views of the lake, access to the house and swimming pool, and an elevator to the second floor inside the house. Trees in the woodland gardens were replaced as needed and tagged for future reference.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Adolphus Clay Bartlett (former owners, 1905-1930); Colonel and Mrs. William Marvin Spencer (former owners, 1930-1971); John Charles Olmsted (landscape architect, 1905); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, 1905); Bartlett Tree Experts (arborists, 2011); Mariani Landscape (landscape architect, 1980- ).
The property was featured in "Ladies Home Journal" in 1909 when it was selected as one of the the twelve most beautiful homes in America.
Related Materials:
House in the Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 35mm slides (photographs); and 21 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03038, A. C. Bartlett.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.

Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1978-2006.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11667

[Michael Garden]: north side gardens; scrollwork of gate modeled on chapter heading of 1920s prayer book belonging to the owner's grandmother.

Photographer:
Hoblitzel, Sara Z.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Michael Garden (Charleston, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Kanawha County -- Charleston
Date:
2012 Mar.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Hills  Search this
Spring  Search this
Gates  Search this
Woodland gardens  Search this
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Charleston  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WV015007
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / West Virginia / WV015: Charleston -- Michael Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11909

Orange -- Windholme Farm

Provenance:
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Windholme Farm (Orange, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Orange -- Orange
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, and real estate announcements.
General:
The 238 acres of Windholm Farm were part of a grant given to John Scott in 1730, with an original section of the main house dating to 1729. It is one of two houses in Orange County that sate from the 1720s. Originally known as Clifton, Windholme was the home of the Scott family from the 1720s until the 1920s. The Virginia property was purchased in 1947 by Harry Peters whose mother was the President of the Garden Club of America from 1944-1947. At one time the property featured three bomb shelters and were large enough to accomodate Mr. Peters' staff. Peters also had an aviary in what is now a garden shed.
The current gardens feature boxwood topiaries and hedges, brick terraces with small fountains, many ornamental trees, and several millstones and sculptures. The octagon is a design element used in an open brick terrace and for a small pond with a fountain set in another shady brick terrace. There are brick walkways leading to the house and connecting the outdoor entertaining areas.
Persons associated with the garden include John Scott and descendants (former owners, 1730-1928); Harry Peters, Jr. (former owner, 1947-1984); Helen Smith (former owner, 1984-1997); Shawn Daily (former owner, 1997-2002).
Related Materials:
Windholme Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35mm slides; 16 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Orange  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA404
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18872
Online Media:

Somerset -- Waverley Farm

Former owner:
Andrews, James N., Sr.  Search this
Andrews, James N., Mrs., Sr.  Search this
Andrews, James N., Jr.  Search this
Andrews, James, Mrs., Jr.  Search this
Provenance:
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Waverley Farm (Somerset, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Culpeper County -- Somerset
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and a garden plan. The garden is noted for its use of garden rooms and its balance of formal and informal elements in a rural setting, as well as its magnificent boxwood hedges.
General:
This garden site within a large horse and cattle farm includes ten boxwood-hedged rooms and features a central allee, a water-lily pool, perennial beds, a white garden, a daylily room, an iris allee, and a spring planting room (designed for spring and fall bloom). The garden combines formal design with an informality of planting style and was established in the 1920s.
Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. James N. Andrews, Sr. (former owners) and Mrs. and Mrs. James N. Andrews, Jr. (former owners).
Related Materials:
Waverley Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (15 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Somerset  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA265
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18904

Upperville -- Edgewood

Former owner:
Oxnard, Marie Pichon  Search this
Oxnard, H. T. (Henry Thomas), 1860-1922  Search this
Provenance:
Fauquier and Loudoun Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Edgewood (Upperville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fauquier County -- Upperville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
Edgewood was the home of Marie Pichon Oxnard and Henry T. Oxnard (1860-1922) who founded the American Beet Sugar Company. Oxnard, California was named after him. Oxnard made his home in Washington, D.C. as he maintained active interests in tariff legislation affecting the sugar industry. He also maintained a farm in Upperville as his country residence. He was well-known as a breeder of horses at Blue Ridge Farm in Upperville which he established in 1908. It is possible that Edgewood was located at or near Blue Ridge Farm, but that remains unclear.
At the time the garden was documented in the 1930s, it included a large swimming pool with a flagstone surround, lawns, hedges, shrubs, mature trees, and stone steps with urns alongside.
Persons associated with the garden include Henry T. Oxnard and Marie Pichon Oxnard (former owners, 1920s).
Related Materials:
Edgewood related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 3x4 in. lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Upperville  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA017
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18914

Richmond -- The Granby Garden

Former owner:
Bryce, Virginia  Search this
Provenance:
Tuckahoe Garden Club of Westhampton  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Granby Garden (Richmond, Virginia)
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, planting lists, features plan, bibliography and other additional information.
General:
The Granby Garden, located on approximately one acre in Richmond, Virginia, is an urban garden which spans both public and private areas. Development of the garden began in 1975 with the purchase of the house, which included a garden comprised of fifty dying rose bushes and a grass path. Since that time the garden has matured and increased, with added components reflecting an interest in history, architecture, whimsy and community. The original path was paved with an assortment of brick, granite spalls and bluestone pavers in 1986. In 1993, adjacent property was leased and the garden was expanded. The public alleys on either side have also been incorporated. Among The Granby Garden's features are garden beds up to six feet deep, walkways, arbors, terra-cotta pottery, a Gothic-style toolshed inspired by an eighteenth-century drawing by William Kent.
The garden beds in the alleys were planted with divided plants from the private area of the garden. The owner, the creator of the garden, selects native, hardy, human and dog resistent plants.
The dense beds, filled with a variety of perennials and annuals, echo the cottage-style gardens of England. Plantings include primrose, daylilies, iris, Rudbeckia, oxalis, variegated Solomon's seal, rose and helleborus. Spiky trees, such as Juniper perfecta and cypress, punctuate the lush plantings. Various grasses, hosta and ferns add verticality and texture. Shrubs include varieties of hydrangea, althea, golden barberry, crape myrtle, globe arborvitae, photinia and Ligustrum. Mandevilla vine, caladiums, begonias and impatiens are planted annually for additional color.
Persons associated with the garden include: Virginia Bryce (former owner, 1940s-1974), John Melville Jennings (former owner, 1974-1975).
Related Materials:
The Granby Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 digital images)
See others in:
Garden Club of America Collection, ca. 1920-[ongoing].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Richmond  Search this
Urban gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA439
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18968

Tacoma -- Walloma

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
18 35mm slides (images from the 1940s. 13 are original). The folder includes a copy of the GCA Bulletin for 1930, p. 77-78 which describes Mrs. Baillie's garden, a note from Barbara Carmen to Eleanor Weller and a copy of from a booklet published by Tacoma Garden Club for the July 12, 1903 Annual Meeting of The Garden Club of America.
Varying Form:
Ingram House, also known as.
General:
This home and garden were designed at the same time as Villa Carman. There is no record of the landscape designer, but the design is similar to Villa Carman which was done by Fred Cole. Mrs. Baillie's garden was described in 1930 as a lakeside garden with bands of lawn and borders planted with pink godetias, pale salmon Sweet Williams and eight foot delphinium, Regal lilies, Canterbury bells and sidalcea, six feet high. The garden also featured a terraced cutting garden and rock garden.

Persons associated with the property include William and Ida Jones (former owner, 1920), Mrs. Jones and Alexander Baille (former owner), Charles Ingram (former owner, 1950-1979), Pacific Lutheran University (former owner), Gary Gonter (former owner), Ms. Diana Coulter (former owner), Kirtland Cutter (architect), possibly Fred Cole (landscape designer).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA021
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32634

Hartland -- Rosecrest

Provenance:
Kettle Moraine Garden Club  Search this
Landscape architect:
Bushey, Donald John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Hartland
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Hartland
Rosecrest (Hartland, Wisconsin)
Scope and Contents:
16 digital images (2017-2018) and 1 file folder with historical images and other information.
General:
The first residence on this property was a log cabin built circa 1840 by a Swedish settler; there is local lore that remnants of his building were found when the sunken garden was installed in the 1920's. This ten-acre property established in 1926 was part of a larger farm followed by a family compound on Pine Lake. Donald John Bushey designed the sunken garden, which required extensive excavation, with a long pergola and a row of seven large arches. In 1995 the garden was redesigned and refurbished and the owners kept the historic, formal elements in situ, had the gardens replanted in time for a family wedding, then finished their new house. Rosecrest now includes the sunken garden with a 110-foot long pergola, one new and one restored pond with fountains, elaborately patterned parterres and statuary with deep mixed borders and towering trees around the perimeter of the lawn. Additional historic features that were retained are stone pillars and several stone benches.

Roses, for which the garden was named, were a prominent part of the landscape until depredations by local deer necessitated changes to the plant material. Knockout and David Austin shrub roses are grown still. In 2018 existing shrubs included several vibernums, winterberry, boxwood, hemlock and sumac; existing trees included several varieties of cedar, pine, spruce and maple, also crabapple, gingko, linden and plum. Dozens of perennials and annuals fill the grid of parterres and the deep borders. The sunken garden has been opened for many charity fundraisers, three garden tours, wedding photo shoots, and many family events.

Persons associated with the garden include: Gustaf Unionius (former owner, 1840-1841); Albert Chapman (former owner, 1841-1895); the Mayer family (former owners, 1895-1991); Donald John Bushey (1896-1966) (landscape architect, designer of sunken garden, 1925-1926)(Hawks Landscape Co. (garden design, 1995); Janet Gamble, Meg Miller, Al Holt, Steve Wege, Joe Pauley (gardeners and landscapers, no dates available); Lee Kaster (gardener,1977-1984), Liban's Landscaping (landscape maintenance, 2018- ); Judith Stark Landscape Architects (patio landscape, no dates available); Wachtel Tree Science (arborists, 2018- ).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI057
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32876

Warrenton -- Appleton Gardens of Marshfield

Provenance:
The Warrenton Garden Club  Search this
Garden designer:
Burrell, C. Colston  Search this
Gardener:
Hernandez, Benito  Search this
Mendoza, Dolores  Search this
Photographer:
Burrell, C. Colston  Search this
Stevens, Michael L. O.  Search this
Fry, Karinn  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fauquier County -- Warrenton
Scope and Contents:
This file contains 40 digital images and 1 folder.
General:
This 34 acre property, established in 1901, is defined by its stately white oak trees, expansive lawns, and textured beds that shelter a ranch style house. It was involved in the creation of three gardening and conservation groups: the Warrenton Garden Club in 1911, The Garden Club of America in 1913, and the Garden Club of Virgina in 1920. In 2010, the current owners hired C. Colston Burrell of Native Landscape Design to re-envision and expand upon the original gardens. A goal in the design of the gardens was to create season-long interest with color, form, and texture. The design employs both native and site adapted ornamentals, though native trees and shrubs provide the foundation for the gardens.
The original house at Marshfield burned down in 1942 and was replaced with a modest brick house. Remnants of the original foundation form the walls enclosing a pair of water gardens connected by a slender rill. Ferns, hellebores, Virginia bluebells, and thousands of bulbs flank the entry drive, sheltered by dogwoods, redbuds, and oaks. A rocky rill bordered by white azaleas spills down from a decorative waterfall to a shallow goldfish pond with iris and woodland plants. The old lawn now features a series of garden rooms. Adjacent to the house are the Winter Garden and Luna Garden. The Winter Garden includes hellebores and early bulbs, along with shrubs such as daphne and quince. The Luna Garden features intricate plantings, originally being designed in the shape of a crescent moon, and later expanded as a set of opposing arcs. Featured in this garden room are blue phlox, bicolored daffodils, and alliums in the spring. From the Luna Garden, you pass under a tall wood and metal archway festooned with flowering vines to stand at the head of a sweeping vegetable and cutting garden. At the end of this 200-foot vista, the axis ends with a 20 foot harvest table set on a wide bluestone terrace backed with a bosquet of columnar ginkgo trees underplanted with 500 blue camassia.
The 200-foot-long Boxwood Allee, parallel with the vegetable terraces, combines old American boxwood from the original garden with a collection of Japanese maple cultivars set in niches. Plantings of tulips, daffodils, Iphion, hostas, lilies, and elephant ears repeat the length of beds in blocks of color and texture. The Secret Garden contains a Celtic Stela, a stone monolith by Boston artist, Karin Stanley. A series of colorful meadow gardens, accessed down a curved hallway of fringe trees, anchors the central lawn. The meadows are planted with native and a few site-adapted wildflowers. The season begins with drifts of daffodils, overtopped by wildflowers and native grasses. A stately sycamore anchors the lawn below the house. The Druidic Circle features a grouping of teak root knots surrounded by aged boxwoods along with winter-flowering witch hazels. Off the back terrace, within a weathered stone foundation of the original house that burned down, lies a pair of water gardens connected by a narrow rill. Double cascades provide a pleasing sound that mitigates the noise from the busy country lane. Water cascades into the ponds through wide, stainless-steel waterfalls and exists to the rill in shallow spillways. The 15 acre bottomland along Great Run has been restored to a native meadow. Beebalm, ironweed, cardinal flower, and blazing-star bloom in summer, followed by asters, goldenrods and the dancing plumes of big bluestem and Indiangrass in autumn.
Persons associated with the garden include: C. Colston Burrell (designer, 2012-2015); Benito Hernandez (gardener, 2012-present); Dolores Mendoza (gardener, 2012-present).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Warrenton  Search this
Appleton Gardens of Marshfield (Warrenton, Virginia)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA311
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33232

Chippenham -- Seagry House

Former owner:
Wellesley, Clare Florence Mary Lady Cowley, 1879-1949  Search this
Houlton, Nathaniel  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Seagry House (Chippenham, Wiltshire, England)
United Kingdom -- England -- Wiltshire -- Chippenham
General:
Built about 1740 by Nathaniel Houlton, Seagry House eventually passed to the earldom of Cowley. Visited in June 1929 during the Garden Club of America's England tour, Seagry House was at the time the home of Clare Florence Mary, Lady Cowley, widow of Henry Arthur Mornington Wellesley, 3rd Earl Cowley. She continued to live in the house until 1949, when it was destroyed by a fire in which she lost her life. Garden features of the property included a sunken flagstone terrace with naturalized plantings between the stones, a garden pool, and climbing roses against the side of the house. A complete copy of the GCA tour itinerary was printed in the Bulletin of the Garden Club of America (Fourth Series, No. 5), September 1929, pp. 6-25.
Persons associated with the property include Nathaniel Houlton (former owner, circa 1740) and Clare Florence Mary Wellesley, Lady Cowley (former owner, circa 1920-1949).
Related Materials:
Seagry House related holdings consist of 1 folder (6 lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- England -- Wiltshire -- Chippenham  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File ENG013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / United Kingdom -- England
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4462

Guildford -- Albury Park

Landscape architect:
Evelyn, John  Search this
Former owner:
Arundel, Thomas Howard Earl of  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Albury Park (Guildford, Surrey, England)
United Kingdom -- England -- Surrey -- Guildford
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and photocopies of articles about the garden.
General:
Designed by John Evelyn in the mid- to late 17th century, the gardens at Albury Park owed much to the vision of owner Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel. Working in the spirit of the Renaissance, Evelyn attempted to create something comparable to the Italian gardens of the previous century, highlighting terraces, water features, and classical sculpture. Two 400-yard-long terraces remain today. The upper terrace includes a semi-circular arcaded bay, overlooking a pool. This bay forms the entrance to a grotto and leads to a tunnel through the hillside. The lower terrace has a central doorway leading to an underground bathhouse. Many changes to Evelyn's original design were made in the 1920s, including draining of a long,rectangular canal below the terraces and the planting of many trees. Albury Park was visited during the Garden Club of America's June 1929 tour to England. A complete copy of the GCA tour itinerary was printed in the Bulletin of the Garden Club of America (Fourth Series, No. 5), September 1929, pp. 6-25.
Persons associated with the garden include: John Evelyn (landscape architect, ca. 1655-1670); and Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel (former owner, 17th century).
Related Materials:
Albury Park related holdings consist of 1 folder (5 glass lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- England -- Surrey -- Guildford  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File ENG002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / United Kingdom -- England
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4468

Withyham -- Buckhurst Park

Architect:
Lutyens, Edwin Landseer Sir, 1869-1944  Search this
Garden designer:
Jekyll, Gertrude, 1843-1932  Search this
Former resident:
Benson, Robert Henry, 1850-1929  Search this
Benson, Evelyn Holford, 1857-1943  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Buckhurst Park (Withyham, East Sussex, England)
United Kingdom -- England -- East Sussex -- Withyham
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and an essay.
General:
Buckhurst Park, the home on Buckhurst Estate, dates from 1603 and was visited during the Garden Club of America's 1929 tour to England. An addition to the estate was made by the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens in the early twentieth century. Lutyens designed the gardens with the help of Gertrude Jekyll who assisted with plantings. The Buckhurst Estate served as inspiration for author A. A. Milne in the creation of Winnie the Pooh and the Hundred Acre Wood.
In 1902-1903, Lutyens and Jekyll created a terraced garden consisting of three levels for then-lessors Robert Henry Benson and Evelyn Benson. The top level contained a sunken lily pond. Lutyens also built two stone pergolas on the lowest level of the terrace. Revisiting the historic plantings for this garden, the current owner replanted the terrace in 2011 with lavender, salvia, alchemilla, gorse, digitalis, and various roses.
A complete copy of the GCA tour itinerary was printed in the Bulletin of the Garden Club of America (Fourth Series, No. 5), September 1929, pp. 6-25.
Persons associated with the garden include Robert Henry Benson and Evelyn Benson (former owners, 1920s), Sir Edward Lutyens (architect, 1902-1903) and Gertrude Jekyll (garden designer, 1902-1903).
Related Materials:
Buckhurst Park related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- England -- East Sussex -- Withyham  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File ENG004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / United Kingdom -- England
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4493

[Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew]: the rock garden.

Lantern slide maker:
Williams, Brown & Earle, Inc.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Lantern slide (col., 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Place:
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (London, England)
United Kingdom -- England -- London Region -- London
Date:
[between 1920 and 1930]
General:
The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, were visited during the Garden Club of America's June 1929 tour to England. A complete copy of the GCA tour itinerary was printed in the Bulletin of the Garden Club of America (Fourth Series, No. 5), September 1929, pp. 6-25. This lantern slide and lantern slide ENG019041 appear to have had the same source image, but received different color treatments and cropping.
Mount reads: "Williams, Brown & Earle, Inc., 918 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa."
Historic plate number: "4."
Historic plate caption: "Kew."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Rock gardens  Search this
Gardens -- England -- London  Search this
Walls, stone  Search this
Walkways, gravel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item ENG019035
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / United Kingdom -- England / ENG019: London -- Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4584

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