Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage Search this
In the third year of collaboration between the Folklife Festival and the Department of Energy, attention turned to Native American architecture. In recent years, a new interest in native American dwellings had begun to focus on their energy efficient features as well as the symbolism of traditional Indian structures. For example, experiments comparing the energy efficiency of the tipi with a modern American home indicated that on freezing winter nights the Indian lived at a similar comfort level. Their hardwood-burning fires warmed the tipi at a comparable efficiency level to oil heated furnaces, because the space required for each person was a tenth the area non-Indians were accustomed to.
Indian communities in the late 1970s were experiencing a revival of old house building. The Wichita of central Oklahoma had resumed building the distinctive beehive-shaped houses of red cedar ribs that had seemed to be lost a half-century ago. In Northwestern California the Hupa had been reconstructing their traditional cedar plank houses on the sites of three old rancheria (or village) locations. Both the Hupa family house and the slightly smaller men's sweat house belonged to the oldest architectural tradition in North America, the pit house. Here earth serves as excellent insulation, walling the four-foot deep excavations where the Hupa once warmed themselves during the damp winter and cooled themselves throughout the baking summer.
Visitors entering the Indian lodges built at the Festival could notice the skillful use of available materials. These home traditions perpetuated practical adaptations to climate; also, they indicated the human impulse to invest the immediate environment with spiritual meaning.
Diana Parker served as Energy Exhibit Coordinator, with Gary Floyd as Technical Coordinator.
Doris Kicking Woman, tipi painter, Browning, Montana
George Kicking Woman, tipi painter, Browning, Montana
Molly Kicking Woman, tipi painter, Browning, Montana
Ernest Doyebi, 1920-2004, arbor and windbreak builder, Anadarko, Oklahoma
Billy Evans Horse, arbor and windbreak builder, Carnegie, Oklahoma
Alonzo Chalepah, arbor and windbreak builder, Carnegie, Oklahoma
Roy Cypress, chickee builder, Ochopee, Florida
Irene Cypress, chickee builder, Ochopee, Florida
Ted Cypress, chickee builder, Ochopee, Florida
Rachel Cypress, chickee builder, Ochopee, Florida
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or firstname.lastname@example.org for additional information.
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Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1979 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Garlinghouse Inc. ; Garlinghouse Publications ; L.F. Garlinghouse Co., Inc. ; Search this
Custom home designs and floor plans ; publishing company ; unique ; after World War I, Garlinghouse was publishing its collection of home plans and marketing books and brochures to lumber dealers across the nation. Lumber dealers then distributed the publications to prospective builders to win their business while Garlinghouse sold the blueprints. After World War II, the swell in demand for home plans prompted the company to sell its publications directly to consumers. The company specialized for a time in plans for bungalow style homes ; Soon Garlinghouse was publishing books and magazines on Southern homes, cottages, vacation homes, duplexes, garage apartment homes, and Cape Cod-style homes (many of the suburbs built just after World War II were populated with Capes: Levittown, on New York’s Long Island, for example. But the ranch house became the dominant plan sold by Garlinghouse after World War II. A fairly extensive history of the company can be found at: http://familyhomeplans.com/document_display.cfm?document_id=12 1985 catalog . 139 traditional home plans . This comprises the uncatalogued portion of this company.
Black and white images
6 pieces; 1 box
Type of material:
Topeka, Kansas, United States
Topic (Romaine term):
Business services (advertising; marketing; organizational management; etc.) Search this
Architectural designs and building materials Search this