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Eastern Air Lines Collection

Creator:
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Names:
Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Pitcairn Aviation  Search this
Extent:
19.76 Cubic feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Publications
Reports
Video recordings
Date:
bulk 1930-1976
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of newspaper articles, brochures, newsletters, magazines, photographs, negatives, and transparencies documenting Eastern Air Lines. The thrusts of the collection are the photographic images (concentrating on aircraft and personnel) and the publications of Eastern, including the newsletter "The Falcon" and "The Great Silver Fleet News" magazine.
Biographical / Historical:
Eastern Airlines was originally formed as Pitcairn Aviation, Inc. in 1927. In July 1929 it was acquired by the North American Aviation Corp. as the Eastern Airlines Division and, in January 1930, was renamed Eastern Air Transport. By February 1933, Eastern had acquired Ludington Airlines, giving Eastern routes to most major eastern cities, including New York, Atlanta, Miami, Atlantic City, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. In 1934 the airline was renamed Eastern Airlines and introduced Douglas DC-2s on its longer routes. In 1937 Eastern began Douglas DC-3 service and acquired Wendell-Williams Air Service Corp., thereby extending its routes westward to Houston. North American sold its holdings in Eastern to a group headed by Captain Eddie Rickenbacker. By 1960 Eastern had extended its coverage to Puerto Rico, Canada, and Mexico, as well as westward to Detroit and St. Louis. In January 1960 Eastern introduced jet service with Douglas DC-8s and, in April 1961, inaugurated "Air Shuttle" service between Boston, New York, and Washington, D.C. with its propeller-driven aircraft. By 1975 Eastern's network covered 100 cities in 30 states, as well as Mexico, Canada, and the Caribbean. In 1986 Eastern was bought by Texas Air Corp., making Texas Air the largest airline in the United States. Following labor problems, including a strike by Eastern's machinists which was supported by the pilots and flight attendants, Eastern declared Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in 1989.
Provenance:
Eastern Airlines, Inc., transfer, 1987, NASM.1987.0038.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Reports
Video recordings
Citation:
Eastern Air Lines Collection, Acc. NASM.1991.0070, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1991.0070
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1991-0070
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