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The Tulsa Race Riot and Three of Its Victims

Written by:
B. C. Franklin, American, 1879 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 14 × 9 in. (35.6 × 22.9 cm)
Type:
manuscripts
Place depicted:
Greenwood, Tulsa, Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 22, 1931
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
American West  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Race riots  Search this
United States--History--1919-1933  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift from Tulsa Friends and John W. and Karen R. Franklin
Object number:
2015.176.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd56322e79f-ac61-44ce-b722-d0fd03002cd6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.176.1

Llewellyn N. Edwards Papers

Creator:
Edwards, Llewellyn Nathaniel, 1873-1952  Search this
Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Cubic feet (7 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Writings
Articles
Reprints
Photographs
Reports
Manuscripts
Notes
Drawings
Correspondence
Date:
1925-1964
Summary:
The collection documents Llewellyn Nathaniel Edwards, a civil engineer and bridge builder.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes captioned photographs of dirt roads in North Carolina and Mississippi, 1913; articles, including reprints from engineering journals; typed and handwritten notes on bridges; a handwritten, bound bibliography on bridges; typed notes on bridges and bridge history, including some drawings; correspondence, most relating to his research on the history of bridges but also relating to other topics; reports on landslides in California; a partial manuscript (L-Z) for a glossary of terms relating to bridge engineering and construction; a typescript of "A Manual of Bridge Construction;" a manuscript of "Bridge Construction in America"; and extensive correspondence with J. P. Snow on the history of wooden bridges.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1919-1950, 1967

Series 2, Photographs,

Series 4, Articles,

Series 5: Publications

Series 6: Drawings, 1911-1931
Biographical / Historical:
The collection contains the papers of Llewellyn Nathaniel Edwards, a graduate of the University of Maine and an expert on bridges and on concrete. Llewellyn Nathaniel Edwards was born in Otisfield, Maine in 1873. He received his Bachelor of Engineering degree in 1898, his C.E. in 1901, and Doctor of Engineering degree in 1927, all from the University of Maine. After graduation he began work as a draftsman for the Boston Bridge Works Company. Between 1905 and 1912, he worked as a bridge designer for various railroad companies, including the Boston and Maine, the Chicago and Northwestern, and the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada. While with the Grand Trunk he was in charge of the reconstruction of five bridges for the city of Toronto, where he began his research in the study of concrete. He was then briefly employed by the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads assigned to the district which included Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana, before becoming bridge engineer for the Maine State Highway Commission in 1921. In 1928, he again was employed by the Bureau of Public Roads as a structural engineer, retiring in 1943 Dr. Edwards served as a captain in the Corps of Engineers in World War I. He became an authority on concrete and was author of A Record of History and Evolution of Early American Bridges as well as numerous articles in professional and scientific journals. Dr. Edwards died in 1952.

Source

The biographical note is from the Llewellyn N. Edwards Papers, Raymond H. Fogler Library Special Collections Department, University of Maine
Materials in Other Organizations:
Llewellyn N. Edwards Papers, 1915-1933, Raymond H. Fogler Library Special Collections Department, University of Maine
Related Materials:
Materials in the Arcvhives Center

Canadian Bridges Photograph Albums (AC1025)
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Wooden bridges  Search this
Roads -- North Carolina  Search this
Roads -- Mississippi  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Bridges -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Articles -- 20th century
Articles
Reprints
Photographs -- 20th century
Reports
Manuscripts -- 20th century
Notes
Drawings
Correspondence -- 20th century
Citation:
Llewellyn N. Edwards Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0959
See more items in:
Llewellyn N. Edwards Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0959

John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection

Collector:
Watkins, J. Elfreth (John Elfreth), 1852-1903  Search this
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
White, John H., 1933-  Search this
Extent:
31.33 Cubic feet (94 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Manuscripts
Writings
Articles
Photographs
Photocopies
Research
Date:
1880s-1990
Scope and Contents:
The archivist has arranged the collection into five separate series: Series 1: CAR BUILDERS, arranged alphabetically by company or individual. Series 2: EQUIPMENT - ROLLING STOCK, arranged in two sections: alphabetically by White's heading: Articles in Progress and alphabetical by type of railroad car under White's heading: Research Files for Book in Progress. Series 3: LOCOMOTIVES, arranged alphabetically by Locomotive builders in two sections, first by individual company and second by individuals. Series 4: RAILROAD COMPANIES AND LINES, arranged alphabetically by railroad companies and railroad lines. Series 5: PUBLICATIONS, White's files for his book The American Railroad Freight Car, which are arranged into two sections, Illustrations and Text. Both sections are arranged numerically by chapters or sections of the book.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series. Most material arranged alphabetically and chronologically.

Series 1: Car Builders

Series 2: Equipment--Rolling Stock

Subseries 2.1: Articles in progress

Subseries 2.2: Research Files for Books in Progress

Series 3: Locomotives

Series 4: Railroad Companies and Lines

Series 5: Publications
Biographical / Historical:
John H. White, Jr., (1933- ), historian and museum curator, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. He graduated with a B.A. in history from Miami University, Ohio, in 1958. Shortly after receiving his degree, White joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution as Assistant Curator of the Division of Transportation, Department of Science and Technology, National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT). White became Associate Curator of the Division, 1961-1966, Curator, 1967-1985, and Senior Historian, 1986-1989. White specialized in land transportation, particularly the history of railroads. He retired in 1990. His papers, the John H. White, Jr., Papers, circa 1959-1989 are at the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

This collection of railroad materials was begun many years ago by employees of the Smithsonian Institution, and maintained later by curators and museum specialists working in the Division of Transportation, NMHT, later named the National Museum of American History (NMAH).

Some of the clippings date back to the time of J. Elfreth Watkins in the 1880-1890s. In 1885 Watkins was appointed Curator of the Section of Steam Transportation, which was successively known as Transportation and Engineering, and Technological Collections. Other portions of White's collection were clearly from Carl Mitman, author of several hundred entries on inventors and engineers in the Dictionary of American Biography and a Smithsonian employee who served as Curator of Mechanical Technology in 1919. In 1921 Mitman took the title of Curator of the Divisions of Mineral and Mechanical Technology, serving in this capacity until 1931. In 1931 the Division of Engineering was established. Mitman served as Curator of the Division and in charge of Mineral Technology, 1931-1938, Head Curator of the Department of Arts and Industries, 1932-1938, and Head Curator of the Department of Engineering and Industries, 1938-1948.

Some portions of this collection were acquired under the time of Frank A. Taylor (Mitman's protégé) who was Assistant Curator, 1928-1931, Assistant Curator for Mechanical Technology, 1932, Curator of the Division and in charge of Mechanical Technology, 1932-1948, Head Curator of the Division of Engineering and Industry, 1948-1957. In 1955 Taylor was appointed Assistant Director, United States National Museum (USNM), with special responsibility for planning the new NMHT, and in 1958 was appointed the first Director of the new museum. In 1962 Taylor became Director of the USNM with responsibility for both the National Museum of Natural History and NMHT.

Smith Hempstone Oliver of the Division of Transportation also kept up the files to a degree, though his main interest was in automobiles.

When White started employment at the Museum in June, 1958, there were, perhaps, two file cabinets on railroads. As Mr. White mentions in a letter to the archivist in March of 2002, "It was and is a great mix of odds and ends -- photos, news clippings, small prints, manufacturing catalogs, post cards, etc. Some junk and some treasure."

White found the material very useful for research and greatly expanded the collection. It more than doubled in size during his years in the Division, 1958-1990. The collection was White's working file and was set up to meet his needs. According to White, the collections greatest lack was cross referencing -- which was mostly in his head. He could usually find things but the organization might be confusing to other users. It was not intended for public use.

White is the author of many books on railroads, including:

American Locomotives: An Engineering History, 1830-1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1968; 1997.

Early American Locomotives, with 147 engraving. New York: Dover Publications, 1972.

American Single Locomotives and the "Pioneer". Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1973.

The Pioneer, Chicago's First Locomotive. Chicago: Chicago Historical Society, 1976.

The American Railroad Passenger Car. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

The John Bull, 150 Years a Locomotive. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1981.

A Short History of American Locomotive Builders in the Steam Era. Washington, D.C.: Bass, 1982.

Great Yellow Fleet: A History of American Railroad Refrigerator Cars. Golden West Books, 1986

The American Railroad Freight Car: From the Wood-Car Era to the Coming of Steel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Provenance:
The manuscript was donated by Jack White in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Manuscripts
Writings
Articles
Photographs -- 19th century
Photocopies
Research
Citation:
John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection, ca. 1830-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0523
See more items in:
John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0523
Online Media:

Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection

Creator:
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Extent:
4.36 Cubic feet (4 records center boxes)
4.16 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1960s-1970s
Summary:
This collection consists of 355 biographies written by Harold E. Morehouse and intended for publication. These biographies discuss Morehouse's fellow early aviation pioneers, many of whom belong to the Early Birds, an organization open to those who soloed before December 17, 1916. Each biography discusses the subject's life and the majority of biographies include a photograph of the individual.
Contents note:
The Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies Collection (accession XXXX-0450) contains approximately four cubic feet of material. It is also known as The Harold and Marvel Morehouse Aviation Pioneers Collection. The collection includes photographs, negatives, and typewritten material.
Arrangement note:
Container List: Series I: Biographies of Flying Pioneers; Series II: Miscellaneous related materials; Series III: Oversized materials
Biographical note:
This collection consists of over 350 short biographies of early aviation's trailblazers written by Harold E. Morehouse (1894-1973). Conspicuous by its absence is a biography of the author, himself an innovator.

Born in Michigan, Morehouse channelled a youthful fascination with flight into training in the field of mechanical engineering. He began work in 1915 for the Van Blerck Motor Company and assisted in their development of aircraft engines. In 1917, Morehouse was working as a layout draftsman on the Standard J-1 Training Airplane for the Dayton-Wright Aeroplane Company. However, this assignment was quickly superseded by his placement on a secret project, supervised by C.F. Kettering and Orville Wright. Its aim was the production of a selfflying aerial torpedo which has since become known as the Kettering Bug. Morehouse contributed to all phases of this project, including its design, engine development and flight testing. The armistice arrived before the actual deployment of the Bug; Morehouse was to spend the next few years in engine design and development.

In 1925, Morehouse joined the Wright Aeronautical Corporation and both the Wright-Morehouse engine and the Wright-Whirlwind J-5 (a re-design of the J-4) were developed here under Morehouse. The latter engine was later to serve as the powerplant for the historic 1927 trans-Atlantic flight of the Spirit of St. Louis and this was a great source of satisfaction to Morehouse. He left Wright Aero in 1929 and in subsequent years designed the inverted Rover for the Michigan Aero Engine Company, the A-50 for the Continental Motors Corporation and the Engineering and Research Corporation's Erco engine.

About ten years prior to his retirement in 1965, Harold Morehouse began work on a personal project. His aim was to gather information on significant contributors to early aviation and distill this data to produce a set of brief biographies of these innovative men and women. He was assisted in this by his wife, Marvel Dyer. After Harold's death, Marvel worked in concert with Paul E. Garber of the National Air Museum to procure publication of the work. Sadly, the passing of Marvel Dyer and later of Paul Garber seemed to bring plans for publication to a halt.

This collection consists of hundreds of biographical narratives concerning the lives of the "Flying Pioneers." Many of those featured were members of the Early Birds of Aviation, Inc., a group whose members had the distinction of having soloed prior to 1916. Most of the biographies are accompanied by one or more photographs of their subject and comprise an invaluable resource on the accomplishments and sacrifices of those intrepid individuals who forged the history of American aviation. However, it should be borne in mind that the biographies are based in large measure on personal interviews and are concerned primarily with their subjects' careers in aviation.

Other sources should be consulted to obtain a complete portrait.
Provenance:
Mr. and Mrs. Harold E. Morehouse, gift, 1960-1972, XXXX-0450, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Manuscripts
Citation:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies Collection, Acc. XXXX-0450, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0450
See more items in:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0450
Online Media:

Records, 1890-1929

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
North American Wildflowers  Search this
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
American School of Archaeology in China  Search this
United States Bureau of Biological Survey  Search this
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912)  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund  Search this
Cinchona Botanical Station (Jamaica)  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
George Washington Memorial Association  Search this
Hodgkins Fund  Search this
Kahn Foundation for the Foreign Travel of American Teachers  Search this
Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory  Search this
Naples Zoological Station  Search this
Alfred Duane Pell Collection  Search this
Research Corporation  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Mount Montezuma Station (Calama, Chile)  Search this
Montezuma Solar Observatory (Calama, Chile)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
Mount Harqua Hala Station (Arizona)  Search this
Mount Wilson Observatory  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
United States Department of Agriculture  Search this
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Koren Expedition to Siberia (1914)  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915-1916 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Smithsonian African Expedition (1909-1910)  Search this
Physical description:
57.93 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (104 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (1 12x17 box) (oversize materials)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1890
1890-1929
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Seismology  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000045
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence 1863-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Expedition History 1916-1919 [Collins-Garner Congo Expedition in the Interests of the Smithsonian Institution (1916-1919)]
Expedition History 1919-1920 [Smithsonian-Universal Film Manufacturing Company African Expedition (1919-1920)]
Expedition History 1923-1927 [Freer Gallery of Art Archaeological Expedition to China (1923-1927)]
Expedition History 1911 [Biological Survey of the Canadian Rockies (1911)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216655

Records, 1925-1949

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
North American Wildflowers  Search this
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
World is yours (Radio program)  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) 1872-1973  Search this
Goddard, Robert Hutchings 1882-1945  Search this
Mellon, Andrew W (Andrew William) 1855-1937  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel 1873-1950  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Radiation and Organisms Division  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
River Basin Surveys  Search this
United States Office of Scientific Research and Development  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Tamblyn and Brown Conferences  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
United States Works Progress Administration  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
Johnson-Smithsonian Deep-Sea Expedition to the Puerto Rican Trench, 1933  Search this
Conference on the Future of Smithsonian (1927)  Search this
Eighth American Scientific Congress (1940: Washington, D. C.)  Search this
Physical description:
78.77 cu. ft. (65 record storage boxes) (1 half document box) (90 3x5 boxes) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white negatives
Serials (publications)
Maps
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Date:
1925
1925-1949
1929
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Depressions  Search this
Langley Medal  Search this
Radiation  Search this
Climatology  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000046
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Budget Records 1892-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence 1863-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Expedition History 1937 [National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Collect Living Wild Animals and Birds (1937)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216656

Records, 1949-1964

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
Subject:
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard 1898-1973  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
United States Arctic Research Laboratory  Search this
Link Foundation  Search this
Smithsonian Institution National Armed Forces Museum Advisory Board  Search this
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Research Corporation  Search this
Smithsonian Science Information Exchange  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Centennial  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Century 21 Exposition (1962 : Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Physical description:
167.20 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (324 document boxes) (10 microfilm reels)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Maps
Books
Color transparencies
Brochures
Date:
1949
1949-1964
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Satellites  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000050
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Research Corporation Records 1912-1963 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_216658

Administrative Records, 1972-1984

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Subject:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Scientific Event Alert Network (National Museum of Natural History (U.S.))  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Multiple Mirror Telescope Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Museum Support Center  Search this
Center for African, Near Eastern and Asian Cultures  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Arts and Industries Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Mt. Hopkins Observatory  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Physical description:
511.90 cu. ft. (369 record storage boxes) (236 document boxes) (2 12x17 boxes) (3 16x20 boxes) (141 3x5 boxes) (5 oversize folders)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Date:
1972
1972-1984
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000613
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2017 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217173

Subject Files

Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Office of the Director  Search this
Extent:
14 cu. ft. (14 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Newsletters
Electronic records
Compact discs
Digital versatile discs
Floor plans
Maps
Black-and-white negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Black-and-white photographs
Audiotapes
Artifacts
Date:
1963, 1984-2019
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of materials documenting the administration and programs of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) by the Office of the Director, primarily during the tenures of Robert S. Hoffman, 1985-1988; Frank Talbot, 1988-1994; Donald J. Ortner, Acting Director, 1994-1996; David L. Pawson, Acting Director, 1996; Robert W. Fri, 1996-2001; J. Dennis O'Connor, Acting Director, 2001-2002; Cristian Samper, 2002-2007 and 2008-2012; Paul G. Risser, Acting Director, 2007-2008; and Kirk R. Johnson, 2012- . Included are records concerning NMNH departments, divisions, offices, and programs; fundraising efforts; and agreements without outside organizations. Materials include correspondence, memoranda of understanding, reports, newsletters, brochures, clippings, floor plans, maps, photographs, negatives, slides, audiocassettes, a pin, and a flag. Some materials are in electronic format.
Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2035; Transferring office; 1/15/2014 memorandum, Yowell to File; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Natural history museums  Search this
Natural history museum directors  Search this
Fund raising  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Newsletters
Electronic records
Compact discs
Digital versatile discs
Floor plans
Maps
Black-and-white negatives
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Black-and-white photographs
Audiotapes
Artifacts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-202, National Museum of Natural History. Office of the Director, Subject Files
Identifier:
Accession 19-202
See more items in:
Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-202

Administrative Records

Creator::
National Museum of African American History and Culture. Office of the Director  Search this
Extent:
6.5 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Floor plans
Illustrations
Date:
2000, 2003, 2008-2016
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the records documenting the activities and management of the National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) during the tenure of founding Director, Lonnie G. Bunch, 2005-2019. Topics covered include the design, development, and administration of the museum, acquisitions, programs, and exhibitions. Some records date from before the creation of the museum in 2003. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, reports, floor plans, notes, meeting minutes, scripts, outlines, agendas, object lists, brochures, news clippings, budget reports, illustrations, and other related materials.
Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2032; Transferring office; 12/17/2015 memorandum, Milhoan to Thomas; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
African Americans -- History  Search this
African Americans -- Social life and customs  Search this
Historical museums  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Museum buildings  Search this
Museums -- Educational aspects  Search this
Museums -- Acquisitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Floor plans
Illustrations
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-201, National Museum of African American History and Culture. Office of the Director, Administrative Records
Identifier:
Accession 19-201
See more items in:
Administrative Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-201

Records

Topic:
Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual (Monograph : 2005)
Creator::
American Arachnological Society  Search this
Extent:
2 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Manuscripts
Compact discs
Electronic images
Electronic records
Posters
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Videotapes
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1940s, 1961-2018
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records that document the activities, history, membership, meetings, and publications of the American Arachnological Society (AAS). People represented include Vincent D. Roth and Allen Dean. Of particular note are the materials related to the Spider Genera of North America Revision Team and the culmination of their work in the AAS publication, Spiders of North America: An Identification Manual. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, meeting programs and proceedings, meeting minutes, images, video recordings, posters, articles, and clippings. Some materials are in electronic format.
Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2034; Transferring office; 07/18/1986 Deed of Gift; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Congresses and conventions  Search this
Arachnida -- Classification  Search this
Professional associations  Search this
Arachnologists  Search this
Arachnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Manuscripts
Compact discs
Electronic images
Electronic records
Posters
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Videotapes
Video recordings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-199, American Arachnological Society, Records
Identifier:
Accession 19-199
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-199

Exhibition Records

Creator::
National Museum of the American Indian. Collections Management Services  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Manuscripts
Compact discs
Electronic records
Date:
2003-2012
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records that document the planning, review, and execution of exhibitions at the National Museum of the American Indian. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, exhibition charters, survey reports, exhibition scripts, meeting agendas and notes, proposals, visitor study records, rights records, audio recordings, and clippings. Some materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Museums  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Manuscripts
Compact discs
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-188, National Museum of the American Indian. Collections Management Services, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 19-188
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-188

Exhibition Records

Creator::
National Museum of the American Indian. Collections Research and Information  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Transcripts
Floor plans
Color photographs
Date:
1990-2006
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records created and maintained by Mary Jane Lenz, Curator, documenting her activities relating to exhibitions at the National Museum of the American Indian. Exhibitions include "Agayuliyararput (Our Way of Making Prayer): The Living Tradition of Yup'ik Masks"; "All Roads Are Good: Native Voices on Life and Culture"; "Creation's Journey: Masterworks of Native American Identity and Belief"; "Instrument of Change: James Schoppert Retrospective 1947-1992"; "Listening to Our Ancestors"; "Pathways of Tradition: Indian Insights into Indian Worlds"; "Spirit Capture: Native Americans and the Photographic Image"; "Who Stole the Tepee?"; "Stories of the People"; "Woven by the Grandmothers: Nineteenth-Century Navajo Textiles from the National Museum of the American Indian" and the traveling "America's Smithsonian" exhibition. Some exhibitions were held at the George Gustav Heye Center in New York City. Materials include correspondence, floor plans, loan information, memoranda, drawings, proposals, agreements, label text, scripts, transcripts, photographs, meeting notes, and related materials.
Topic:
Museum exhibits  Search this
Indians of North America -- Museums  Search this
Indians of North America -- History  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Indians of North America -- Exhibitions  Search this
Research  Search this
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Transcripts
Floor plans
Color photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-196, National Museum of the American Indian. Collections Research and Information, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 19-196
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-196

Joanna Cohan Scherer Papers

Topic:
Joanna Cohan Scherer v. S. Dillon Ripley
Handbook of North American Indians (Monograph)
Creator::
Scherer, Joanna Cohan  Search this
Extent:
13.5 cu. ft. (13 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Newspapers
Newsletters
Serials (publications)
Date:
1960-2014
Descriptive Entry:
Joanna Cohan Scherer was employed by the Smithsonian Institution from 1966-2006. She worked at the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives (later known as the National Anthropological Archives) as a museum technician until 1970 when she was asked to become illustrations researcher of the Handbook of North American Indians, a 20-volume encyclopedia. She served as the Handbook's illustrations researcher for 36 years until May 2006 when she retired, becoming an emeritus anthropologist. During her tenure at the Handbook she was responsible for illustrations relating to people and activities (non-artifact illustrations) and did the original research and writing of captions for the pictures she selected. The Handbook was officially closed December 8, 2007, having published 15 of 20 volumes.

Scherer initiated three legal actions during her employment. The first, February 6, 1974, was a class action and employment discrimination suit on the basis of gender against the Department of Anthropology. After a U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission hearing, the discrimination complaint was found in her favor on March 12, 1975; it was shown that there had been a climate of discrimination against women in the Department of Anthropology in both hiring and promotion. No woman had ever been hired as a Curator in the Department of Anthropology despite the large number of professional women in anthropology. As a result of her settlement her employment title was changed from Museum Specialist to Anthropologist. Also, as a result of her case the first woman curator in anthropology was hired within the year (Adrienne Kaeppler).

In 1976, she filed a reprisal complaint that was heard in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (Scherer vs. Ripley, CA 77-1856). The U.S. District Court determined that Handbook management had engaged in numerous incidents of reprisal against her and found in her favor on February 11, 1982.

Scherer sued the Smithsonian for reprisal for the third and final time in 2000. This suit was dropped by Scherer as a result of the serious illness and death (in 2002) of Carolyn Rose who in 2000 had been the supervisor who initiated reprisals against her.

Scherer's papers show that various supervisors harassed her, unfairly critiqued her work, and passed her up for deserved promotions. The contents of her files consist of performance evaluations, depositions, correspondence with the Handbook staff, witness statements, Scherer's diary notes and daily calendars, general information on the federal employment of women, and supporting documents such as brochures, booklets, newspapers, clippings, newsletters, and serial publications. These papers also create a detailed production history of the Handbook of North American Indians. An abbreviated production history written by Scherer is due to be published in Handbook volume 1, Introduction (edited by Igor Krupnik) scheduled for publication in 2020. The two chapters written or co-authored by Scherer are titled "The Production:1970-2008" and "The Handbook: A Retrospective."
Topic:
Natural history museums  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Museums -- Employees  Search this
Supervision of employees  Search this
Personnel management  Search this
Sexism in science  Search this
Labor disputes  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Litigation  Search this
Law  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Newspapers
Newsletters
Serials (publications)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-190, Joanna Cohan Scherer Papers
Identifier:
Accession 19-190
See more items in:
Joanna Cohan Scherer Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-190

Records

Topic:
Storage of Natural History Collections: Ideas and Practical Solutions (Monograph : 1992)
SPNHC Newsletter
Collection Forum (Serial)
SPNHC Connection (Newsletter)
Creator::
Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections  Search this
Extent:
12 cu. ft. (12 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Electronic images
Electronic records
Optical disks
Drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Date:
1982-2018
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of materials concerning Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections (SPNHC) annual meetings, educational programs, publications, finances, elections, and committees. SPNHC affiliated people documented in the collection include Suzanne MacLaren, Judith Price, Lisa Palmer, Linda Hollenberg, Carolyn L. Rose, and Paisley S. Cato. Particularly well documented is the SPNHC publication, Storage of Natural History Collections: Ideas and Practical Solutions, 1992, which was funded by a grant from the Institute for Museum Services. Also included is the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Newsletter which is printed bi-annually in March and September. The Newsletter highlights scientific collections, the society's presidential and committees' reports, publications of interests and more. In 2014, the Newsletter became the SPNHC Connection. Also, a part of the collection is the Collection Forum, the official journal of SPNHC, that is published to disseminate substantive information concerning the development and preservation of natural history collections.

Materials include correspondence, meeting minutes, newsletters and other serial publications, annual meeting records, workshop records, membership lists, committee records, reports, budget records, images, drawings, grant records, author releases, leadership manuals, financial records, and other related materials documenting SPNHC activities. Some materials are in electronic format.
Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2034; Transferring office; 7/11/1990 Agreement of Transfer; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Professional associations  Search this
Natural history -- Catalogs and collections  Search this
Preservation of materials  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Electronic images
Electronic records
Optical disks
Drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-198, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Records
Identifier:
Accession 19-198
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa19-198

Donor Cards

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Registrar  Search this
Extent:
0.9 cu. ft. (6 3x5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1971-1972
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of donor index cards for the National Museum of Natural History and the National Museum of History and Technology. The cards document donations of artifacts and specimens.
Topic:
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Museums -- Acquisitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T90087, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Registrar, Donor Cards
Identifier:
Accession T90087
See more items in:
Donor Cards
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fat90087

Collections Management Policy Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Registrar  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1989-1993
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of information gathered for statistics about the collections at the Smithsonian Institution. Materials include questionnaires, correspondence, and reports.
Topic:
Museum registrars  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Statistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-114, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Registrar, Collections Management Policy Records
Identifier:
Accession 07-114
See more items in:
Collections Management Policy Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa07-114

Collection Access Survey Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Registrar  Search this
Extent:
1.5 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1970-1975
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists of materials pertaining to a collections access survey conducted by the Office of the Registrar, primarily by Richard H. Lytle and Dagobert Soergel, and headed by Paul N. Perrot, Assistant Secretary for Museum Programs. It consists of completed survey forms and information relating to accession information and collection management projects conducted by Smithsonian registrars and collection managers, correspondence regarding the survey project, and computer printouts. Some of this data may be summarized in reports found in Record Unit 568.
Topic:
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Museum registrars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession T90021, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Registrar, Collection Access Survey Records
Identifier:
Accession T90021
See more items in:
Collection Access Survey Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fat90021

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Registrar  Search this
Extent:
18 cu. ft. (18 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Date:
1974-1992, with related records from 1967
Descriptive Entry:
These records primarily document the activities of the Office of the Registrar under the direction of Richard H. Lytle, 1974-1976; Philip Leslie, 1976-1985; and Mary E. Case, 1986-1993. They include reports, minutes, and other records of the Council of Registrars and the Collection Policy and Management Committee; a subject file containing various materials on collection management issues; budget and other administrative files; records concerning collections inventories at Smithsonian museums; and extensive files documenting the OR's oversight of the Smithsonian's automated Collection Information System (CIS).
Historical Note:
In the early 1970s, the role of the Registrar at the Smithsonian Institution began to be reconsidered. Richard H. Lytle was appointed Registrar pro tem in 1974. Lytle oversaw the decentralization of the Registrar's duties and the establishment of separate Registrars' offices in the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) and the National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT) in 1976. The reconstituted Office of the Registrar (OR) assumed responsibility for oversight of Institution-wide collection management issues. The OR reviewed policies developed by Smithsonian museums and assured compliance with those policies; monitored procedures used for accessioning, cataloging, and deaccessioning objects and specimens; and was involved with the inventory processes in the museums. The Smithsonian Registrar served as permanent chair for the Council of Registrars and the Collections Policy and Management Committee.

Lytle served as Registrar pro tem until 1976, when Philip Leslie was appointed Registrar. Leslie retired in 1985 and the following year Mary E. Case became director, OR. She remained in the position until the office was abolished in 1993.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Museum registrars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 568, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Registrar, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 568
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0568

Correspondence

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Extent:
65.91 cu. ft. (98 document boxes) (6 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box) (88 3x5 boxes) (1 tube box) (oversize material)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Architectural drawings
Photographs
Manuscripts
Date:
1866-1906, with related records to 1927
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the history of the Smithsonian from 1872-1927. Most of the records concern the tenure of Samuel P. Langley, the third Secretary, who served from 1887-1906. There is also some material dating from as early as 1866 to as late as 1927 in the collection. This record unit is the last to be based on a distinction between incoming and outgoing records, for, beginning in 1907, unified filing systems were employed. Users should therefore be careful to consult the Archives' collections in order to have access to parallel outgoing records series. Users should also consult the collections to identify important separate record units for the United States National Museum. The records document both the Institution's history and the personal research interests of Secretary Langley.

In addition to Langley's research, records of particular interest document the creation of the Astrophysical Observatory and the National Zoological Park, as well as the consolidation of the Bureau of American Ethnology within the Smithsonian after the death of John Wesley Powell.
Historical Note:
Even before Joseph Henry's death, the Smithsonian had taken on a double identity. On the one hand it exercised the usual powers associated with a private body. At the same time it acted as a sort of agent to accomplish various objectives for the federal government. This duality of function was elaborately preserved under the administration of Samuel P. Langley, the Smithsonian's third Secretary. During his tenure (1887-1906) the Bureau of American Ethnology, the National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art), and the National Zoological Park were all added to the Smithsonian's federal side. Langley created the Astrophysical Observatory, using endowment income and private gifts. It, too, began to receive federal funds before he died in 1906. These records illustrate the peculiar but powerful role which the Smithsonian's Secretary played in forming national scientific policy at the turn of the nineteenth century.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Aerodynamics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Architectural drawings
Photographs
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 31, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 31
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0031
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