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A. Scott Crossfield Papers

Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Names:
Eastern Air Lines  Search this
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
20.23 Cubic feet (42 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Date:
1940 - 2004
Summary:
This collection consists of over nine cubic feet of material documenting Scott Crossfield's aviation career, with emphasis on his involvement with the North American X-15. The following types of material are included: correspondence; reel to reel tapes; papers, manuscripts; newspaper and magazine clippings; aviation manuals; photographs; film; and Crossfield's notes and reports.
Scope and Content note:
This collection encompasses the entirety of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr.'s career as an engineer, test pilot, airline executive, and speaker and advocate for aerospace education. Records in the collection date from Crossfield's time at college in the 1940s through his death in 2006. Crossfield's papers were donated to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives by the Crossfield family in 2006 and a second batch of material was received in 2008. The collection was received without any apparent organizational scheme, but some items were received in labeled folders and these folder titles were retained when the collection was processed. One group of material was loaned by the family for copying and these items were photocopied and placed within the appropriate folder in the case of documents, or were scanned and entered into the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives image database in the case of photographs.

After his retirement from North American Aviation, Inc., Crossfield gave his papers to a former secretary, Marion Brown, so that she could organize them for his use in future writing projects. In February 1973, a U.S. Navy Vought A-7E Corsair II crashed into the apartment building where Brown lived and all of Crossfield's papers in her possession were destroyed. Due to this incident, the collection has more material from Crossfield's time with Eastern Air Lines and onwards, although the prior years are still well represented through records that were either retained in Crossfield's possession or copies that were gathered after the fact. There is correspondence from Crossfield relating to the crash in Box 11 of the collection.

The archival materials in this collection are organized into four series. The first series is composed of personal materials and includes school records, correspondence, personal photographs, records relating to various organizations in which Crossfield was active, information relating to the publication of Crossfield's autobiography, Always Another Dawn, other writings by Crossfield, financial records, subject files assembled by Crossfield, philatelic materials (Crossfield was an active collector and was a founding member and officer of The Aviation Historical Foundation, a philatelic organization), and news clippings. The material in this series is largely organized chronologically. Personal photographs and subject files are organized by topic first and chronologically within each folder and organizations are arranged alphabetically by name first and also chronologically within the individual folders.

The second series contains items relating to Crossfield's professional life, organized chronologically by place of employment. This series includes materials relating to Crossfield's work at Boeing, the U.S. Navy, the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), North American Aviation, Inc., Eastern Air Lines, Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Crossfield's work as an Independent Technical Advisor, Crossfield's application for the position of Director of the National Air and Space Museum, Crossfield's time as a member of the United States Organizing Committee, and his work with organizations such as the Scott Crossfield Foundation and The Wright Experience. During the later part of his life, Crossfield toured the country extensively giving speeches, presenting awards, etc. and there is a large amount of material relating to these appearances in this part of the collection. These materials arrived already organized chronologically by individual trip and this organizational scheme was retained. Specifically, the professional life series includes flight reports, manuals, drawings, business correspondence, administrative records, presentations and papers, travel itineraries, notebooks, calendars, speeches delivered by Crossfield, and career related photographs (which are broken out as their own subseries). The professional life series also includes a section of miscellaneous professional items including job seeking correspondence, information on the patent for a power wheel braking or driving unit designed by Crossfield, and a folder of Crossfield's résumés.

The third series consists of audiotapes and is organized first by tape format and then chronologically within each category. Subjects of the audiotapes include speeches, a large number of North American X-15 cockpit recordings and radio communications, tape produced for a television program, and autobiographical notes. A number of the audiotapes include no description. With a total of 65 examples in this series, the most common audiotape format in the collection is, by far, 7 inch reel to reel tapes. Other formats in this series include 5 inch reel to reel tapes, 3.125 by 3.5 inch metal audiotape cartridges, and Dictaphone recording belts. Please note that these audio recordings are unavailable to the researcher at the time of processing due to the format and fragility of the tapes.

The fourth series of this collection is comprised of oversized materials and additional materials including galley proofs, news clippings, drawings, charts, professional records, and photographs. The organization of this series mirrors the folder titles found in the rest of the collection.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains several motion picture films relating to the life and career of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. These films are not included in the container list but a NASM Archives staff person can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
The A. Scott Crossfield Papers are organized into the following series and subseries:

Series I: Personal Materials

1.1 School Records

1.2 Correspondence

1.3 Personal Photographs

1.4 Organizations

1.5 Information Related to the Publication of Always Another Dawn

1.6 Other Writings by Crossfield

1.7 Financial Records

1.8 Subject Files

1.9 Philatelic Materials

1.10 News Clippings

1.11 Miscellaneous Personal Records

Series II: Professional Life

2.1 Boeing

2.2 U.S. Navy

2.3 Kirsten Wind Tunnel, University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory

2.4 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)

2.5 North American Aviation, Inc.

2.6 Eastern Air Lines

2.7 Hawker Siddeley Aviation

2.8 Independent Technical Advisor

2.9 Application for NASM Director Position

2.10 United States Organizing Committee

2.11 Scott Crossfield Foundation

2.12 The Wright Experience

2.13 Speaking Engagements and Professional Appearances

2.14 Career Related Photographs

2.14 Miscellaneous Professional Records

Series III: Audiotapes

Series IV: Oversized Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. was born on October 2, 1921, in California. As a young boy, Crossfield was often confined indoors due to health problems related to pneumonia and rheumatic fever. During this time, he dreamed of becoming a pilot and designed and constructed model airplanes. Crossfield took his first airplane ride in 1927, at six years old, in an Alexander Eaglerock A-1 piloted by family friend Charles "Carl" Lienesch. Lienesch also encouraged Crossfield to become an engineer as well as a pilot. Unbeknownst to Crossfield's parents, he began taking flying lessons at the age of 12 at Wilmington Airport under the tutelage of pilot Vaughn McNulty. The family later moved to Washington State and it was there, at the Chehalis Airport, that Crossfield made his first solo flight in a Curtiss Robin. It was not until the summer of 1941, however, that Crossfield officially soloed and earned his pilot's license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA), Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP).

Crossfield enrolled in the University of Washington in 1940 and worked at the Boeing plant in Seattle, beginning in the fall of 1941, while still pursuing his studies. Crossfield's first assignment at Boeing was as an assembly page clerk. He was later promoted to the position of production expediter and shop salvage engineer. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps and continued to work at Boeing while he waited for an opening in a cadet class. In February 1942, tired of waiting on the Air Corps and eager to get into combat, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Navy instead where he joined the cadet class of May 7, 1942. Crossfield first trained in Seattle, Washington, and later was sent to the Naval Air Training Center in Corpus Christi, Texas, where he earned his Naval Aviator's wings in 1942. During his time in the Navy, Crossfield never fulfilled his ambition to see combat because he was selected instead to remain at Corpus Christi as a flight and gunnery instructor. Crossfield eventually was sent to Hawaii to prepare and train for an invasion of Japan but the war ended before this became necessary. During his time in the U.S. Navy, Crossfield flew the Grumman F6F Hellcat, Vought F4U Corsair, and the North American SNJ Texan, among other aircraft. After he separated from active duty with the Service, Crossfield remained active in the Naval Reserves and was part of an aerobatic team at Sand Point Naval Air Station that flew Goodyear FG-1D Corsairs.

Crossfield returned to his studies at the University of Washington in 1946 and was employed doing tests at the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University's Aeronautical Laboratory. Crossfield earned his Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1949 and his master's degree in aeronautical science in 1950. After obtaining his degrees, Crossfield joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as a research pilot. During his time with NACA, Crossfield flew many aircraft including the Convair XF-92A, Bell X-1, Northrop X-4 Bantam, Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak, Bell X-5, Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, North American F-86 Sabre, and the North American F-100A Super Sabre. Crossfield made history in the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket on November 20, 1953, as the first pilot to exceed Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound).

In 1955, Crossfield left NACA and joined North American Aviation, Inc. to work on the X-15 program where he would not only serve as the X-15 Project Pilot but also as a Design Specialist, a role in which he was an integral part of the design of both the aircraft and the pressure suit developed by the David Clark Company for the X-15 program. The suit served as a prototype for the spacesuits later worn by astronauts. Crossfield helped to develop the X-15's cockpit, control, and engine systems; structural design; propulsion system; engineered its escape system; and contributed to its handling quality requirements. He also developed the ground control test methodology that would later become standard on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs. Crossfield piloted the North American X-15 on its first captive flight in March 1959, first glide flight in June 1959, and the first powered flight in September 1959, as well as numerous other test flights, before the X-15 was delivered to the U.S. Air Force (USAF) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in February 1960. Crossfield also served as Chief Engineering Test Pilot at North American from 1955-1961 before moving to the Space and Information Systems Division first as the Director of Systems Test (1961) then as the Division Director of Test and Quality Assurance (1961-1966) where he was responsible for quality control in all North American projects including the Hounddog Missile (AGM-28, GAM-77), Paragliders for the Gemini program, Apollo Command and Service Module, and the Saturn V launch vehicles, second stage. Crossfield's final position with North American was as the Technical Director, Research, Engineering and Test from 1966-1967.

Crossfield joined Eastern Air Lines in Miami, Florida, as Division Vice President, Flight, Research, and Development, Flight Operations in 1967, a position he held until 1971 when he moved to Washington, DC, to serve as Staff Vice President, Transportation Systems Development (1971-1973). From 1974 to 1975, Crossfield served as Senior Vice President at Hawker Siddeley Aviation's U.S. subsidiary branch, an office he helped to establish. After leaving Hawker Siddeley, Crossfield served for many years as an independent technical advisor to the U.S. Congress. Crossfield also served on the United States Organizing Committee to plan the Air and Space Bicentennial. In the later part of his life, Crossfield traveled extensively to give talks, attend events, and make various professional appearances and it was on a return flight home from one such trip in 2006 that Crossfield was killed when the plane he was piloting was caught in a thunderstorm.

Crossfield was active in various organizations including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the National Aeronautic Association (NAA), and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP), a group in which he was a founding member. Crossfield also created the Scott Crossfield Foundation to support aerospace education. Crossfield was the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Sperry (Lawrence B.) Memorial Award (1954) and Chanute (Octave) Award (AIAA, 1958), Kincheloe Award (SETP, 1960), Harmon Trophy (1960), Collier (Robert J.) Trophy (1961), NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1993), and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Trophy for Lifetime Achievement (2000).

Crossfield published his autobiography, Always Another Dawn, in 1960 with Clay Blair, Jr. and is the author of numerous other publications, articles, and technical papers.
Provenance:
Alice Crossfield, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
North American X-15  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0041
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28d41031c-4569-4e2e-b114-8a32f81be51e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0041
Online Media:

North American Aviation, Inc., Project Mercury Information

Collection Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1960 - 1962
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
A. Scott Crossfield Papers / Series 2: Professional Life / 2.4: North American Aviation, Inc.
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2f8c0027b-2927-459a-9763-a124800be9fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0041-ref177

North American Aviation, Inc., Reaction to 1967 Apollo 1 Command Module Accident

Collection Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1988
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
A. Scott Crossfield Papers / Series 2: Professional Life / 2.4: North American Aviation, Inc.
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg26df7e78f-1c35-45b1-b7ef-9ea021ca98c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0041-ref178

North American Aviation, Inc., Speeches by Crossfield

Collection Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
A. Scott Crossfield Papers / Series 2: Professional Life / 2.4: North American Aviation, Inc.
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg284460fd1-bb0b-49bf-b402-29e4bad8c4e4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0041-ref179

North American Aviation, Inc., Test & Quality Assurance Presentation

Collection Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1965
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
A. Scott Crossfield Papers / Series 2: Professional Life / 2.4: North American Aviation, Inc.
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2af545fb3-faa7-4f48-b884-b387e5c61e8d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0041-ref180

North American Aviation, Inc., X-15 Design Information Binder, Folder 1 of 2

Collection Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
A. Scott Crossfield Papers / Series 2: Professional Life / 2.4: North American Aviation, Inc.
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27f55626f-35c6-42b6-abe6-9cbdc337fe43
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0041-ref181

North American Aviation, Inc., X-15 Design Information Binder, Folder 2 of 2

Collection Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
A. Scott Crossfield Papers / Series 2: Professional Life / 2.4: North American Aviation, Inc.
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b69e3e90-06f5-427e-96b6-e517bf8b6800
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0041-ref182

MS 1999-23 Herbert Ward drawings from the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition

Creator:
Ward, Herbert, 1863-1919  Search this
Names:
Emin Pasha Relief Expedition (1887-1889)  Search this
Extent:
51 Drawings (ink and pencil)
Container:
Box 1-6
Culture:
Kongo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Works of art
Place:
Africa, Central
Date:
circa 1886-1889
Scope and Contents:
This collection is composed of fifty-one (51) drawings by Herbert Ward, made when he was a member of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. Most of the drawings depict men and women of the upper Congo River, but several others depict tools and implements.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Historical Note:
The Emin Pasha Relief Expedition (1886-1889) was a British expedition through the interior of Africa led by Henry Morton Stanley. The professed goal of the expedition was to provide aid to Emin Pasha, the governor of Equatoria, which was threatened by Mahdist forces of Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah.
Biographical Note:
Herbert Ward (1863-1919) moved to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (then called Zaire) in 1884. He joined the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition (1886-1889) as an aide to Stanley. After the expedition, Ward returned to Europe, where he lectured and wrote about his experiences in the Congo. In 1893, he began formal art training, including the study of sculpture, and became a Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society. He spent most of his later life crafting bronzes of Africans and African life; his sculptures and his collection of African artifacts were exhibited by the United States National Museum in 1922.
Conservation Note:
The drawings were arranged in 6 montages by the Ward/Barclay family. The drawings were removed from their original mats and placed in individual conservation mats. Photographs of the drawings in the original mats are available.
Related Materials:
Ward's collection of bronzes and artifacts held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 067312.

The National Anthropological Archives holds the Harry C. Ellis photographs of Herbert Ward's studio in Paris (Photo Lot 75-52). Additional Ellis photographs of Ward's studio can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4 (under H.C. Ellis).

A pamphlet on the Herbert Ward African Collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives reference files.

The Royal Geographical Society holds papers relating to Herbert Ward.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Citation:
MS 1999-23 Herbert Ward drawings from the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS1999-23
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35e536018-082c-4e83-bcc8-37b2a13709ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1999-23
Online Media:

MS 7151 Shou shan quan tu [Map of Beijing]

Collector:
Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (black and white woodblock, 45 x 24 inches)
Container:
Folder 7151
Culture:
Chinese  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Prints
Works of art
Woodblock prints
Maps
Place:
Beijing (China)
East Asia
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of a woodblock print showing Beijing (Peking) within the city walls, oriented to the north. The print is probably a mid- to late-nineteenth century copy of a print from the Qing Dynasty (1796-1820). The map includes street names, various public buildings and structures, including palace grounds, temples, city walls and gates, and other points of interest. It is a popular print, intended for practical use by travellers. The map has been annotated in pencil with English transliterations of names of city gates. An English title "Plan of Peking" has also been added.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
William Woodville Rockhill (1854-1914) was an American diplomat and a leading scholar in Chinese and Tibetan studies. He served with the American Legation in Peking (Beijing) in the 1880s and was United States Ambassador to China from 1905-1909.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7151

NAA INV 10000007

USNM Accession 24520

USNM Catalog 152649
Variant Title:
Plan of Peking

Map of the Capital City
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Woodblock prints
Maps
Citation:
MS 7151 Shou shan quan tu [Map of Beijing], National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7151
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36ea4bc07-d06d-4ad3-a3f8-b0fa4c5807e6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7151
Online Media:

MS 7166 Japanese circus poster

Creator:
Japan Ueda Performing Arts Company  Search this
Collector:
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (31 x 42.5 inches)
Container:
Folder 7166
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Posters
Works of art
Place:
Japan
East Asia
Date:
circa 1925
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of a poster advertising a circus. It shows sketches of a variety of circus acts and includes a photomechanical portrait of Ueda, perhaps the head of the circus company.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7166

NAA INV 10000034

USNM Accession 284935

USNM Ethnology Catolog 410800
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Circus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Posters
Citation:
MS 7166 Japanese circus poster, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7166
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33b043cab-d1e3-4012-98e7-f5eba16b989e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7166
Online Media:

L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents

Extent:
7 Items
Culture:
Chinese  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Works of art
Drawings
Place:
China
East Asia
Date:
circa 1912-1915
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of seven (7) items collected in China by L.H. Palmer from approximately 1912 to 1915. The collection includes 3 ornamental inscriptions, or figures of animals that also form Chinese characters; a painted fan design; a painting of flowers and other plants; a painting of a scene by a stream; and a passport for Mrs. L.H. Palmer.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7409

USNM Accession 327219
Related Materials:
Objects and other documents collected by L.H. Palmer in China and donated to the Smithsonian by Cornelius Osgood are held by the Department of Anthropology object collections under Accession 327219.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Calligraphy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Citation:
MS 7409 L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7409
See more items in:
L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e89a8f69-77de-41ef-83b7-884b2c343b28
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7409
Online Media:

Air Mail Postcard and Newspaper Article

Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic postcards
Newspaper clippings
Date:
1911
Summary:
To demonstrate the potential of transporting mail by air, the United States Post Office authorized a series of special air mail flights as part of the festivities at an international air meet held from September 23 to October 1, 1911 on Long Island, New York. This collection consists of a postcard sent on one of these air mail flights as well as a news clipping about the card's delivery.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a postcard addressed to Miss [Elinore Engledrum] in South Bend, Indiana that was sent by her second cousin Frank via one of the special air mail flights that originated from Long Island, New York. The card is postmarked September 28, 1911 and was carried a few miles by airplane before being delivered the rest of the way by train. The front of the postcard features a view of Thomas Sopwith seated at the controls of a biplane. The collection also contains a news clipping that relates the story of the postcard's delivery but contains several inaccuracies including stating that the card was sent on the first authorized air mail flight (which actually took place on September 23, 1911), incorrectly stating that the postcard has a picture of Earle Ovington, and misquoting the inscription on the card. The article also refers to the recipient's name as "Elinore Engledrum" but the postcard itself appears to be addressed to "Elanore Engeldrum."
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
To demonstrate the potential of transporting mail by air, the United States Post Office authorized a series of special air mail flights as part of the festivities at an international air meet held from September 23 to October 1, 1911 on Long Island, New York. Earle L. "Ovie" Ovington was sworn in as America's "first aeroplane mail carrier" and took off from Long Island in his Queen Blériot-Type Dragon-Fly with a full mail bag on September 23, 1911. Ovington flew to Mineola, a few miles away, where he banked his airplane and pushed the bag overboard. It fell to the ground and was retrieved by the local postmaster, William McCarthy. During the course of the event, eight pilots were sworn in as "aeroplane mail carriers," and daily flights were made from Garden City to Mineola.
Provenance:
J. Kenneth Bourgon, Gift, 1998, NASM.1998.0036.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic postcards
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Air Mail Postcard and Newspaper Article, NASM.1998.0036, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1998.0036
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28b450e90-bb70-4935-81ba-b06dd6f17587
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1998-0036
Online Media:

Ornamental inscription

Extent:
1 Painting (31 x 43 inches)
Container:
Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Paintings
Scope and Contents:
Two pairs of birds and one single bird with a pussy willow branch form characters that read Sung Chu Mei, meaning pine, bamboo, and flowering plum, symbols of endurance to the Chinese.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 10000052

USNM Ethnology Catalog 418001
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
MS 7409 L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32d24044c-cee4-40d0-a322-204683ae265e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms7409-ref1

Ornamental inscription

Extent:
1 Painting (31 x 43 inches)
Container:
Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Paintings
Scope and Contents:
A fish and a dragon and two birds form characters which read Yün Lung Ting, meaning cloud dragon pavillion.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 10000053

USNM Ethnology Catalog 418002
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
MS 7409 L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3734db31e-2a6a-4fe7-b5c8-13a449b6f2f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms7409-ref2

Ornamental inscription

Extent:
1 Painting (31 x 43 inches)
Container:
Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Paintings
Scope and Contents:
A fish and a dragon, a bird, and a pair of birds with a butterfly form characters which read Lung Feng Hsiang, meaning the dragon and the phoenix, symbols of prosperity and good fortune.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 10000054

USNM Ethnology Catalog 418003
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
MS 7409 L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3de6bf907-378d-4d8b-a880-71861b4e48d4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms7409-ref3

Painted fan leaf

Extent:
1 Painting (15 x 23.5 inches)
Container:
Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Paintings
Scope and Contents:
The painting depicts a scene of two boats carrying people. A canopied boat carries two ladies with a blue bowl between them, their two servants, and a punter. The other boat holds four musicians, one playing a trumpet-like instruments (possibly a sona or a hai-ti-tzu), another playing a recorder-like instrument (poassibly a hsiao, another playing the cymbals, or nao, and the last playing a drum on a stand (possibly a tan-p'i-ku).
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 10000055
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
MS 7409 L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cfb949e2-afea-42dd-bb72-15379d1467c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms7409-ref4

Painting of a scene by a stream

Extent:
1 Painting (15 x 12.5 inches)
Container:
Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Paintings
Scope and Contents:
A stream scene with a person on a dock, a bridge and house on the far side.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
MS 7409 L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw349fcfcb1-87cb-4abb-8154-438c3c8b4fd6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms7409-ref6

Passport (hùjhào) for Mrs. L. H. Palmer

Extent:
1 Document (woodblock print on mulberry paper)
Container:
Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Documents
Scope and Contents:
According to the passport, Mrs. Palmer (Pa-Mu̇-Er̆, on the document) was a teacher of English at the Chihli Normal College and the passport was issued for her travel to the capital cities of Henan, Xi'an, Chengdu, Wuchang, and Hankou during summer vacation in 1912. The passport bears official seals and is decorated with the wave border design in blue.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
MS 7409 L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
L.H. Palmer collection of Chinese paintings and documents
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31fa90eb9-f93a-42d7-ac80-17555b0b4b26
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms7409-ref7

Robert King Harris papers

Creator:
Harris, Robert King, 1912-1980  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
North America
Date:
circa 1909-circa 1981
Scope and Contents:
The material of the collection relates to a large collection of archeological specimens which Harris began in 1924 and developed into a 100,000-piece amassment. The collection, ranging in time from the paleo-American to the historic, in part represents Harris's own field work but also incorporates material of other workers. It includes material from Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Colorado, and Montana. It also includes pieces from Bolivia, Central America, Mexico, and Korea. The material is now among the holdings of the Department of Anthropology of Natural History and is managed by the department's processing lab. ; Correspondents include Robert Eugene Bell, Jay C. Blaine, Katy Caver, Claire C. Davison, Robert O. Fay, Dan L. Flores, Jon L. Gibson, Vance Haynes, Lawrence H. Head, Robert Fleming Heizer, Thomas R. Hester, Marsha F. Jackson, Jerome Jacobson, Dan Jank, William K. Jones, Morton B. King, Alex Dony Krieger, Truett Latimer, Robert K. Liu, John Ludwickson, William S. Marmaduke, Roger McVay, K. R. Morgan, Dan F. Morse, Hermes Nye, Dorris L. Olds, Gregory Perino, Stephen Schmidt, Dan Scurlock, S. Alan Skinner, Len Slesick, Robert Lloyd Stephenson, Byron Sudbury, Helen Hornbeck Tanner, Lonn W. Taylor, Ted Thygesen, Marvin E. Tong, Jr., Clarence H. Webb, Mildred Mott Wedel, Frank A. Weir, Fred Wendorf, James H. Word, and Don G. Wyckoff. The collection includes some material about the family of Inus Marie Harris and their early days in Texas.

Please note that the collection contains images of human remains.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into 13 series: (1) Biographical material, papers about the Harris collection, and personal material; (2) correspondence, ca. 1964 1979; (3) alphabetical subject file; (4) manuscripts (by Harris and other authors); (5) Texas archeological survey sheets in notebooks; (6) loose survey sheets; (7) miscellaneous notes; (8) sound recordings; (9) printed and processed material; (10) Clem family papers (concerning its early days in Texas); (11) railroad material; (12) cartographic material (archeological, historical, modern maps of Texas, maps of Texas counties (many annotated to show archeological sites), Texas geological maps, miscellaneous maps outside Texas, United States Geological Survey maps, United States Geological Survey and United States Army Corps of Engineer maps annotated to show archeological sites, maps of dams and reservoirs, aerial photographs of a section of Red River; (13) photographs and illustrations.
Biographical Note:
By vocation, Robert (R.) King Harris was a locomotive engineer who worked for the Texas Pacific Railroad Company. By avocation, he was an archeologist, an amateur, in the finest sense of the word, with a long-time scientific interest in the work. Harris first developed an interest in archeology as a young boy scout in his native Dallas, Texas. During the 1930s, he became a member of the Texas Archaeological and Paleontological Society and also began to meet informally with other amateur archeologists in Dallas. In 1940, he was one of the founders of the Dallas Archaeological Society and served that organization for many years as the editor of its publication The Record. In 1939-1941, he was a curator at the Hall of State Museum of the Dallas Historical Society; and in 1966, after his retirement, he assumed duties as the curator of collections of the Department of Anthropology at Southern Methodist University. For many years, he was also an active participant with the series of Caddoan Conferences. In these activities and his archeological work, Harris worked closely with his wife, Inus Marie Harris. ; As an archeologist, Harris carried out many archeological surveys in Texas and nearby Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. In 1941, under the sponsorship of the Dallas Archaeological Society, he was field foreman of an excavation of burial sites below White Rock Spillway in Dallas County and an excavation of another burial site at the Ragland site on the East Fork of the Trinity River. Again, in 1946, he was field foreman for the excavation of a house site at Bulter Hole site in Collin County, Texas. In 1948-1949, he assisted with the Smithsonian Institution River Basin Survey's work in Whitney, Lavon, and Garza-Little Elm reservoirs. In 1954, he joined Wilson W. Crook in test excavations at the Louis Obschner site near Seagoville and, in 1956, at the well-known Lewisville site in Denton County. He also participated in 1959 in excavations at the Branch site in Lavon Reservoir and, in 1960, directed excavations of a shelter at the Kyle site and the Pearson site in the Iron Bridge Reservoir. In 1962, he worked at the Gilbert site in Rains County, and in 1963, led a survey of Forney Reservoir. In 1965, he was involved in excavations at Glenn Hill site in the same reservoir. In the 1960s and 1970s, Harris also carried out studies of artifacts relating to French trade with Caddoan Indians. Harris was also interested in the travels of early explorers in northeastern Texas including Francisco de Soto and Benard de la Harpe.
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds MS 1998-28 Catalog of artifact photographs and descriptions from the R.K. Harris collections.

The Human Studies Film Archives holds the Robert King Harris films (HSFA.1992.07).
Provenance:
Received from Mrs. Inus Marie Harris in 1983.
Restrictions:
Access to the Robert King Harris papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Robert King Harris papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1983-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c7966d1e-f391-43b0-9ff7-6a942692f0eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1983-27

Space Telescope History Project

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.). Division of Space History  Search this
Names:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.). Division of Space History  Search this
National Air and Space Museum. Department of Space History  Search this
Space Telescope History Project (U.S.)  Search this
Adams, Robert  Search this
Aucremanne, M.  Search this
Bahcall, John N.  Search this
Bahcall, Neta  Search this
Baum, William  Search this
Belton, M. J. S.  Search this
Bensimon, March  Search this
Bless, Robert, 1927-  Search this
Boeshaar, Greg  Search this
Boggess, Albert  Search this
Brandt, John C.  Search this
Brown, Art  Search this
Brown, Robert A.  Search this
Bulkin, Bert  Search this
Burbidge, E. Margaret  Search this
Caldwell, J. J.  Search this
Carr, Frank  Search this
Chapman, Clark R.  Search this
Clark, John  Search this
Costa, Frank  Search this
Danielson, E. G.  Search this
Davidsen, Arthur Falnes, 1944-  Search this
Disney, Michael  Search this
Downey, John  Search this
Doxsey, Rodger E.  Search this
Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelly)  Search this
Elliot, James, 1943-2011  Search this
Emanuel, Garvin  Search this
Fastie, William  Search this
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Goldberg, Alan  Search this
Groth, Edward  Search this
Guha, Arun  Search this
Hall, Donald N. B.  Search this
Harms, Richard  Search this
Havens, Kitty  Search this
Henry, Richard B. C.  Search this
Hinners, Noel W.  Search this
Hulst, H. C. van de (Hendrik Christoffel), 1918-  Search this
Hunten, Donald M.  Search this
Keathley, William  Search this
Keller, Sam  Search this
Keller, Warren  Search this
King, Ivan R.  Search this
Lane, A. L.  Search this
Lasker, Barry M.  Search this
Laurence, Robin  Search this
Leckrone, David  Search this
Longair, M. S., 1941-  Search this
Lowrance, John  Search this
Macchetto, F.  Search this
McCandless, Bruce  Search this
Meserve, Kent  Search this
Mitchell, Jesse  Search this
Moore, Jim  Search this
Nein, Mas  Search this
Noah, Don  Search this
Norman, Memphis  Search this
Norris, T. Bland  Search this
Odom, James  Search this
Olivier, Jean  Search this
Pellerin, Charles  Search this
Reetz, Arthur  Search this
Rehnberg, Jack  Search this
Richards, Evan  Search this
Roman, Nancy Grace, 1925-  Search this
Rose, James  Search this
Rosendhal, Jeffrey D.  Search this
Russell, Jane  Search this
Scherrill, Thomas  Search this
Schreier, Ethan  Search this
Schroeder, D. J.  Search this
Simmons, F. Pete  Search this
Smith, Robert W. (Robert William), 1952-  Search this
Sobieski, Stanley  Search this
Speer, Fred  Search this
Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-  Search this
Stockman, Peter  Search this
Stuhlinger, Ernst, 1913-  Search this
Teem, John  Search this
Tenerelli, Domenik  Search this
Tifft, William G.  Search this
Trevino, Robert  Search this
Weiler, Edward  Search this
Welch, James  Search this
Westphal, James  Search this
White, Richard Lee, 1953-  Search this
Zedekar, Ray  Search this
Extent:
3.7 Cubic feet (15 cassette boxes; 5 letter-size document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Press releases
Transcripts
Photographs
Reports
Publications
Date:
1983-1991
Summary:
This collection consists of the oral history transcripts and related research documentation for the Space Telescope History Project (STHP), which examined the space sciences, predominantly astronomy, viewed through the lens of a particular undertaking, the Hubble Space Telescope, 1970s-1980s.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the oral history transcripts and related research documentation for the Space Telescope History Project (STHP), which examined the space sciences, predominantly astronomy, viewed through the lens of a particular undertaking, the Hubble Space Telescope, 1970s-1980s. The principal investigator for the STHP was Robert W. Smith, and the interview set contains 235 hours of interviews with 80 individuals. The central thread of this collection was the problem of configuring new political relations among the space sciences and sponsors. The following were interviewed: Bob Adams (with Robert Trevino and Kitty Havens); M. Aucremanne; John Bahcall; Neta Bahcall; William Baum; Michael Belton; March Bensimon; Robert Bless; Greg Boeshaar; Albert Boggess; John Brandt; Robert Brown; Bert Bulkin; Margaret Burbidge; J. J. Caldwell; Frank Carr; Clark Chapman; John Clark; Art Code; Frank Costa; E. G. Danielson; Arthur Davidsen; Mike Disney; John Downey; Rodger Doxsey; Frank Edmondson; James Elliot; Garvin Emanuel; William Fastie; Riccardo Giacconi; Alan Goldberg; Edward Groth; Arun Guha; Don Hall; Richard Harms; Richard Henry; Noel Hinners; Donald Hunten; William Keathley; Warren Keller; Sam Keller; Ivan King; A.L. Lane; Barry Lasker; Robin Laurence; David Leckrone; Malcolm Longair; John Lowrance; Duccio Macchetto; Bruce McCandless; Kent Meserve; Jesse Mitchell; Jim Moore; Mas Nein; Don Noah; Memphis Norman; T. Bland Norris; James Odom; Jean Olivier; Charles Pellerin; Arthur Reetz; Jack Rehnberg; Evan Richards; Nancy Roman; James Rose; Jeffrey Rosendhal; Jane Russell; Ethan Schreier; Daniel Schroeder; Thomas Sherrill; F. Pete Simmons; Stanley Sobieski; Fred Speer; Lyman Spitzer; Peter Stockman; Ernst Stuhlinger; John Teem; Domenick Tenerelli; William Tifft; Hedrick van de Hulst; Edward Weiler; James Welch; James Westphal; Richard White; and Ray Zedekar. The collection also contains the following documentation gathered from a variety of sources: photographs, slides, NASA publications and reports, contractor reports and studies, press releases, and finding aids produced by the Space History Department, NASM.
Arrangement:
The Space Telescope History History Project interviews are arranged alphabetically by interviewee. Boxes 1-14 contain interviews on audio cassette tapes. Boxes 15-20 contain the transcripts for these cassette tapes. Most of these transcripts are available to researchers though, restrictions are placed on a small number of them. A NASM staff member will advise the patron which transcripts are available for copying and/or viewing and how to order copies of transcripts. Transcripts with user restrictions are highlighted in bold type.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection contains the interviews for the Space Telescope History Project. These interviews examine the early planning and development of what would eventually be known as the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The period covered is from the 1970s into the 1980s. This project constitutes one of several oral history projects carried out within the National Air and Space Museum's (NASM) Department of Space History. This interview set consists of over 235 hours of interviews with 94 individuals. Please note that there are a few instances where audio cassette tapes of the interview subjects exist but without written transcripts while there are a few cases of existing transcripts of the interviews without any audio cassette tapes. Those interviewed include astronomers, scientists, engineers, as well as administrators, all of whom were involved in the space telescope project. The following were interviewed for this project: Bob Adams, Ken Ando, Marcel Aucremanne, John N. Bahcall, Neta Bahcall, William Baum, Michael J.S. Belton, Marc Bensimon, Livingston Biddle, Robert C. Bless, Greg Boeshaar, Albert Boggess, III, John Brandt, Robert A. Brown, Bert Bulkin, Margaret E. Burbridge, J.J. Caldwell, Frank Carr, Clark R. Chapman, John Clark, Art Code, Frank V. Costa, Allan Cree, E.G. Danielson, Arthur Davidsen, Mike Disney, James A. Downey, III, Roger Doxsey, Frank K. Edmondson, James L. Elliot, Garvin Emmanuel, William G. Fastie, George Field, Don Fordyce, Laurence W. Fredrick, Riccardo Giaconi, Alan Goldberg, Edward Groth, Arun K. Guha, Don Hall, Richard Harms, Kitty Havens, Richard Henry, Noel Hinners, Donald Hunten, William W. Keathley, Warren J. Keller, Sam Keller, Ivan King, A.L. Lane, Barry Lasker, Robin J. Laurance, David Leckone, Malcolm Longair, John L. Lowrance, Duccio Macchetto, Bruce McCandless, Kent Meserve, Jesse L. Mitchell, Jim Moore, Max Nein, Don Noah, Memphis Norman, T. Bland Norris, James B. Odom, Jean R. Olivier, Charles Pellerin, Arthur J. Reetz, Jack Rehnberg, Evan Richards, Nancy Roman, James Rose, Jeffrey D. Rosendahl, Jane Russell, Ethan Schreier, Daniel J. Schroeder, Thomas J. Sherrill, Pete F. Simmons, Stanley Sobieski, Fred A. Speer, Lyman Spitzer, Peter Stockman, Ernst Stuhlinger, John Teem, Domenick Tenerelli, William G. Tifft, Rodger Thompson, Robert Trevino, Hendrick C. van de Hulst, Edward Weiler, James C. Welch, James A. Westphal, Richard L. White and Ray Zedekar.
General note:
Additional material: This collection consists only of the interview transcripts, not the tapes. The tapes are housed in the National Air and Space Museum Department of Space History.
Provenance:
Department of Space History, NASM, Transfer, 1999, 1999-0035, Varies.
Restrictions:
Some restrictions apply; see permission forms in the collection accession file.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Space sciences  Search this
Telescopes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Press releases
Transcripts
Photographs
Reports
Publications
Citation:
Space Telescope History Project, NASM.1999.0035, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0035
See more items in:
Space Telescope History Project
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28f1ca8cd-bf66-41c9-a0f9-72d1b05e5962
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0035
Online Media:

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