Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
3700 documents - page 1 of 185

Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 item (disbound volume of 14 drawings (8 leaves, colored pencil, ink, graphite, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Bound book of unruled paper, now disbound and laminated. Includes scenes of hunting, ceremonies and daily Indian camp life. The manuscript now contains 14 drawings and the original volume cover. Original sequence of pictures not recorded. Identified as by a Cheyenne prisoner held at Ft. Marion, Florida (1875-78) on the basis of style and content.
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. They were accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064C
Local Note:
Believed to be "Sioux" by Mrs. Hazen, but re-catalogued Cheyenne on authority of Mrs. Karen Peterson (see USNM catalog card) and R. DeMallie, Guide to Siouan Manuscripts (1969). Per Father Peter Powell (October 1971) the drawings are Cheyenne, probably by Cohoe and certainly by a Ft Marion prisoner. The Sun Dance scene was verified as Cheyenne by William Fletcher and Gordon Yellowman, Cheyenne Sun Dance priests, in 2000.
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred Mc Lean.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064C
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064c
Additional Online Media:

MS 1585 Research notes complied by A.S. Gatschet

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Maya  Search this
Aztec  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Menomoni  Search this
Ottawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Words and lists of days, months and years and other time divisions, approximately 100 pages. (includes Maya, Aztec, etc.) Color adjectives, 8 pages. Totemic clans of all tribes, 37 pages. Personal names (Chiefs, etc.), 25 pages. (Personal names of "Knisteneaux or Crees, Shawnee, Crow, Dakota, Arikaras, Cheyennes, Blackfeet, Piegan, Menomoni, Peoria, Otawa, Sauk").
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1585
General:
Previously titled "Texts."
Topic:
Color and dyes  Search this
Time -- divisions  Search this
Totems and totem poles -- totemic clans  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Menominee language  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Ottawa Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Odawa  Search this
Illinois  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1585, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1585
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1585
Additional Online Media:

Book of Cheyenne drawings by Yellow Nose and anonymous artists

Artist:
Yellow Nose, 1848-1910.  Search this
Collector:
Voth, H. R. (Henry R.), 1855-1931  Search this
Extent:
1 item (disbound volume of 85 drawings (53 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 19 x 31 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1889
Scope and Contents:
Ledger book, now disbound, containing drawings of warfare, courtship, hunting and ceremony. The pages are numbered 1-113, with the following numbers missing: 5-6, 27-28, 31-32, 69-70, 93-96. Endpaper inscribed "Cheyenne Agency, Darlington Ind[ian] Terr[itory]". Additional laminated sheet contains original collector's tag, associated note, and early museum label. The drawings are by several artists, the most prominent being Yellow Nose. When possible, individual drawings have been assigned to Yellow Nose on stylistic grounds by comparison to his other known work.
Biographical / Historical:
Yellow Nose aka Little Face, Hehuwesse, He-her-we. (1848-1910) was a Ute captured as a young boy by Dives Backward and raised within Northern Cheyenne society by his adopted father Spotted Wolf. He is recorded to have participated in the Battle of Rosebud (June 17th, 1876) and the Battle of Little Bighorn (June 25-26th, 1876) where he reportedly 1) lost a famous shield made by Whistling Elk (later acquired by the NMAI) 2) captured the guidon of the 7th Cavalry and 3) strangled Custer to death with his bare hands. After the Battle of Little Big Horn, Yellow Nose traveled with a group of Northern Cheyenne led by Little Wolf and Dull Knife eventually making camp along the Powder River. The group was attacked by General Ranald McKenzie in the Battle of Crazy Woman Fork (November 20th, 1876). During this battle Yellow Nose distracted the US soldiers, allowing the women and children to escape, and sustained a shot to the chest. Eventually, the group, including Yellow Nose, was captured and removed to the southern Cheyenne reservation in present-day Oklahoma, where Yellow Nose remained for the remainder of his life. Information on Yellow Nose from: Powell, Peter John, Sweet Medicine: The Continuing Role of the Sacred Arrows, the Sun Dance, and the Sacred Buffalo Hat in Northern Cheyenne History. Norman; University of Oklahoma Press (1969).
For a biography of H. R. Voth, see Kaufman, Edmund G. (1973) "Heinrich R. Voth" in General Conference Mennonite Pioneers. North Newton, Kansas: Bethel College. (1973) pp. 326-333
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 166032
Local Note:
This book was originally noted as having been created solely by Yellow Nose. Stylistic differences between the images suggest that more than one artist is represented within the manuscript.
Place:
United States Indian Territory Cheyenne Agency Darlington.
United States Oklahoma Darlington.
Album Information:
MS 166032 000
Provenance:
Voth, Heinrich R.
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Cheyenne  Search this
Wrestling -- Cheyenne  Search this
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Habitations -- Cheyenne  Search this
Weapons -- Cheyenne  Search this
Hunting -- Cheyenne  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 166,032, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS166032
See more items in:
Book of Cheyenne drawings by Yellow Nose and anonymous artists
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms166032
Additional Online Media:

Nacoista drawing of man and woman playing shinny ball game

Creator:
Nacoista.  Search this
Collector:
Daniel, Z. T.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and watercolor on cardboard, 10 x 12 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1881-1891?
Scope and Contents:
Inscribed on verso "A man and a young lady play with ball, Na-co-is-ta, Pine Ridge, Daniel"
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Z.T. Daniel was a career physician in the Indian Service. At the time of this donation he was the agency physician at Pine Ridge Reservation. He also served at the Cheyenne River Reservation and the Blackfoot Reservation, and made many donations to the Smithsonian over a period of years, most accompanied with detailed information regarding the origins of the objects. His name is frequently misspelled in museum records as Daniels.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 166,931

NAA INV 08511700

OPPS NEG 80-20920
Local Note:
Originally cataloged as Dakota based on location of collector. Changed to Cheyenne by C. Greene 2004 based on recognition of name as Cheyenne.
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Pine Ridge Agency.
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
Album Information:
MS 166931
Topic:
Games -- Cheyenne  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 166,931, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS166931
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms166931
Additional Online Media:

MS 1895 Bibliography, historical notes and miscellaneous information on various subjects

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
300 items (cards )
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Appears to be 2 units of Cherokee and 1 of Cheyenne.
Biographical / Historical:
Compiled by members of the Bureau staff from different sources.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1895
Citation:
Manuscript 1895, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1895
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1895
Additional Online Media:

MS 1900 Cheyenne notebook, diagrams, and notes

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938  Search this
Names:
Bushyhead, Cheyenne  Search this
Little Bear Cheyenne  Search this
Wolf Robe, Chief  Search this
Extent:
72 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1902-1904
Scope and Contents:
Ethnographic notes, with vocabulary, sketches, and diagrams, on camp circle, tipis, sun dance, shields of Bushyhead, Wolf Robe, and Little Bear, and various other topics. Diagrams and notes on Cheyenne camp circles by Mooney and G.B. Grinnell. 1902-1907. Manuscript and typescript document 12 pages. (Detailed list accompanies main catalog card.)

Diagrams and notes include: f.2 James Mooney. "Cheyenne Camp Circle Divisions" and "Cheyenne Camp Circle Authorities." no date. Autograph document 2 pages. f.3 James Mooney. "Soldier Band," "Cheyenne Clans," and notes on the warrior organization. no date. Typescript document with A. annotations. 3 pages. f.4 G.B. Grinnell. Letter to James Mooney, regarding the Cheyenne camp circle. New York. February 8, 1902. Typescript letter signed. 2 pages. f.5 Camp circle diagram by Mooney. Mount Scott, Oklahoma. January 28, 1902, 2 pages. f.6 Camp circle diagram by Mooney. Washington, D.C., 1906, 1 sheet approx. 17" X 40" and artist's ink rendering of same, 1 page. f.7 Camp circle diagram by Grinnell, January 31, 1903, with annotations by Mooney, 1 page.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1900
Local Note:
Autograph document
Topic:
Cheyenne language  Search this
Social classes and societies -- Cheyenne  Search this
Camp circle -- Cheyenne  Search this
Tipis -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sun Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Weapons -- Cheyenne  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1900
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1900
Additional Online Media:

MS 1909 Letters received by James Mooney

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
South Carolina Historical Society  Search this
United States Geological Survey  Search this
Correspondent:
Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961  Search this
Bowers, George M.  Search this
Clark, Ben  Search this
Cleveland, R. E.  Search this
Devitt, E. I.  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938  Search this
Jackson, R. C.  Search this
Jones, Alexander Dr.  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Scott, W. L. General  Search this
Webber, Mabel L.  Search this
Tatum, Lawrie  Search this
Day, David  Search this
Whatley, L. A.  Search this
Names:
Satanta, Kiowa Chief, approximately 1815-1878  Search this
Walker, Jack  Search this
Extent:
1 Portfolio
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Piscataway Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Gypsies  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Portfolios
Newsclippings
Date:
1890-1919
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Barry, J. Nelson. St Stephen's Parish, Baker City, Oregon. February 22, 1910. 2 pages. Refers to "Wesorts" of southern Maryland. Bowers, George M. United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Washington, D.C. September 20, 1899. 2 pages. Concerning the identity of a "stone-piling fish" in the headwaters of the Tennessee River. Clark, Ben. Fort Reno. Oklahoma. February 5, 1906. 2 pages. Concerning the Mormon massacre of 1857, with a newsclipping of the story. Clark, Ben. Fort Reno, Oklahoma. January 16, 1907. 2 pages. Concerning the movements of certain bands of Nez Perce and Cheyenne Indians. Cleveland, R. E. Anadarko, Oklahoma. January 15, 1904. Autograph letter signed with Manuscript notes for reply signed by Mooney. 1 page. Asking value of a Martin Van Buren peace medal. Devitt, E. I. Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. January 7, 1909. 1 page. Concerning the Wesorts of Charles County, Maryland. Grinnell, George Bird. New York, New York. September 7, 1894. 2 pages. Concerning the appearance of the Gros Ventre of the prairie in the northern country. Mention is also made of the Cree names for the Cheyenne. Jackson, R. C. Smithwood, Knox County, Tennessee. August 15, 1890. 3 pages. Concerning life and murder of Cherokee half-blood, Jack Walker. Date of murder given as between 1830 amd 1835.
Jones, Dr Alexander. American Journal of Science and Arts, Volume xxvi, pages 189-190, New Haven, 1834. Concerning "American Gypsies" residing on Biloxi Bay, Louisiana. Typed extract by Mooney from above source, 2 pages. Powell, Major John. Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. June 28, 1893. 3 pages. Concerning request made to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that the Kiowa Indians be permitted to hold their Medicine Dance to enable the Bureau to study it. Scott, W. L. Fort Sill, Oklahoma. May 11, 1893. 4 pages. Concerning Kiowa tribes' concern over the delegation sent to Washington to represent the tribe. South Carolina Historical Society (Mabel L. Webber). Charleston, South Carolina. March 5, 1919. 3 pages. Concerning enclosed list of Cherokee villages and an account of the "Routes and Distances from Fort Prince to Fort Louden." ("The common route" and the "Route over the four and twenty mountains.") Tatum, Lawrie. Springfield. Iowa. April 7, 1896. 19 pages. Concerning Satanta and the story of the part he took in the raids into Texas in 1870. United States Geological Survey (David Day). Washington, D.C. October 7, 1903. 2 pages. Concerning results of analysis of clay particles submitted by James Mooney. Whatley, L. A., Superindendent of State Penitentiaries. Huntsville, Texas. March 3, 1896. 1 page. Concerning the imprisonment, parole, and suicide of Satanta, the Kiowa Chief.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1909
Topic:
War -- Mormon Massacre  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Migration  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Migration  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Names, tribal  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements -- list of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Conoy  Search this
Roma (People)  Search this
Romanies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newsclippings
Citation:
Manuscript 1909, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1909
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1909
Additional Online Media:

Wax cylinder recordings of American Indian songs and dances, ca. 1910

Extent:
13 sound recordings (wax cylinders, approximately 4 x 2 inches)
Culture:
Crow Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
sound recordings
Cylinders (sound recordings)
Field recordings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of thirteen (13) original recordings of American Indian songs and dances, recorded on two-minute Edison Blanks wax cylinders. Eight of the cylinders are in pristine condition. Two are cracked and cannot be played. Contents are marked on individual cylinders in pencil or black ink: 1) The last Owl Dance; 2) Two flute songs; 3) Sioux flute 2 loves; 4) Sioux love song; 5) Kiowa love songs; 6) Sirecha Dance; 7) Flute love lullaby; 8) Flute on the bridge; 9) War dance; 10) Buffalo dance; 11) Song before fight; 12) Indian flute. a love song, played by Turkey Leggs. (Cheyene); 13) Owl Dance song.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2008-14
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Songs and music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cylinders (sound recordings)
Field recordings
Citation:
MS 2008-14, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2008-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2008-14
Additional Online Media:

MS 2134 Southern Cheyenne legends

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Informant:
Black, Harry  Search this
Haag, Mack  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (writing tablet )
71 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
June 1932
Scope and Contents:
Legends: "The Stinking Owl, "The Buffalo Bones," "Crazy Lime," "Twins," are in Mack Haagʹs handwriting (cf. Ms. 3335, v. 1); Harry Black is given as informant for the latter two. "The Last Hero," "The White Buffalo," "The Four Warriors," "The Spider and Coyote," and "Bear and Skunk," are in another handwriting (apparently the same as that in Manuscript 3342, 3220, and the unidentified writing in 3335). Includes note by Michelson on witchcraft, on reverse of 1 page about halfway through tablet.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2134
Topic:
Witchcraft -- Cheyenne  Search this
Folklore -- Cheyenne  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2134, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2134
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2134
Additional Online Media:

MS 2284-a Truman Michelson notes on Cheyenne grammar and stems

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
11 Items (slips )
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Notes
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Truman Michelson's handwritten notes on Cheyenne grammar and stems. Includes English translations.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2284-a
Local Note:
Title changed from Cheyenne grammatical notes, including list of "Cheyenne Stems" 4/3/2014.
Topic:
Cheyenne language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Citation:
Manuscript 2284-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2284A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2284a
Additional Online Media:

MS 2538 James Mooney notes and drawings on Cheyenne and Kiowa heraldry

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Artist:
Big Horse, Hubble.  Search this
Silver Horn, 1860-1940  Search this
Murphy, Charles (Cheyenne)  Search this
Bianki  Search this
Lame Dog.  Search this
Extent:
50 Items (circa 50 drawings, pencil and crayon, 16 x 26 cm.-39 x 92 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Ledger drawings
Date:
1902-1906
Scope and Contents:
Pencil and crayon drawings intermixed with Manuscript notes by Mooney. Oversize drawings identified as Cheyenne, Cheyenne or Arapaho, Kiowa, Dakota and Comanche. Typed list of these, with annotations made by Father Peter J. Powell during visit to National Anthropological Archives is included with master list of drawings in N.A.A. Many of the oversize drawings were preliminary sketches for the Cheyenne tipi curtain now on exhibit at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois. Previously cataloged as "Kiowa and others." However, it was changed to the Cheyenne file after more complete identifications supplied by Karen D. Peterson and Father Powell showed that the majority of the drawings were Cheyenne.
Box I: Notes and drawings relating to men and horses in war paint, shields, tipis, shield tripods, lances and pennants. (Oklahoma) (March, 1902-April, 1906.) Pencil and crayon drawings intermixed with Manuscript notes by Mooney. 219 pages and slips (some with material on both sides.) List of owners of shields and tipis, in handwriting of unknown person, with Manuscript notes by both Karen D. Peterson and Father Peter J. Powell. (Washington, D.C.)(1968 ?-1971.) Manuscript document. 7 pages. According to list, 51 of the 80 owners have been identified as "Cheyenne" or "Cheyenne?"; 12 owners have been identified "Kiowa" or "Kiowa?"; 8 are unidentified; 3 each are Kiowa-Apache and Arapaho; and one each is Comanche, Crow and Ute.
The tipis are shown in finished drawings in Manuscript Number 2531, Volumes 9 and 10. The entire contents of boxes are discussed in detail in Manuscript Number 2531, volume 5; notations apparently refer to what pages in 2531, volume 5 discuss the subject of the drawing, e.g., the note "54-55a" on David Pendleton's shield. Drawings with notes have been separated by name of owner and filed alphabetically in sections on shields and tipis. Most of the drawings have Manuscript notes by Mooney as to owner, date, artist and place; for details see individual photo catalog cards to copy neg. nos. 72-1826 CN through 72-1926 CN, 72-1939 CN and and 72-1940 CN. A few drawings were also signed by the artists themselves. All the drawings which are dated, date between March, 1902 and April, 1906; the Administrative Reports of BAE-ARs for those years confirms Mooney's presence in Oklahoma from February 1902 until he left in April, 1906.
Box 2: Unidentified shield and tipi drawings. Many of the numbered pages are those cut by Mooney from his Kiowa volumes (Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript Number 2531, Volumes 1-5). Oversize drawings: Tribes tentatively identified as Cheyenne, Cheyenne or Arapaho, Kiowa, Dakota, Comanche. 16 drawings. See typed list; copy filed with drawings, master copy inserted in Master copy of catalog of drawings, 11/71.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2538
Album Information:
NAA MS 2538 JMND-000
Topic:
Heraldry -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2538, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2538
See more items in:
MS 2538 James Mooney notes and drawings on Cheyenne and Kiowa heraldry
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2538
Additional Online Media:

MS 2684-a Truman Michelson notes on Cheyenne and Sutaio

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Wolf Chief, circa 1851  Search this
Bull Thigh, circa 1829-  Search this
Wrapped Hair, circa 1836-  Search this
Whiteman, Milton  Search this
Extent:
50 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Folklore
Field notes
Vocabulary
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Date:
1913 August 11-15
Scope and Contents:
Cheyenne and Sutaio notes collected by Truman Michelson from Wolf Chief, Bull Thigh, and Wrapped Hair, with Milton Whiteman as interpreter. Subjects include: Sutaio-Cheyenne history, Cheyenne relationship terms, joking relationship, English-Cheyenne-Sutaio vocabulary, Cheyenne soldier societies (Red Hoof society, Dog Soldiers, Elk society, Fox soldiers), Sutaio tales (Everybody starving, Prairie chicken), Sutaio customs, Cheyenne customs, and berdaches. According to the BAE catalog card, these notes were collected in Clinton, Oklahoma, which is most likely incorrect. His 1913-1914 correspondence in the Records of the BAE and the 35th BAE Annual Report indicate that he conducted fieldwork on the Sutaio during this period at Tongue River Reservation in Montana.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2684-a
Local Note:
Title changed from "Notes on Cheyenne and Sutaio. August 11-15, 1913" 4/7/2014.
Topic:
Kinship  Search this
Joking relationships  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Two-spirit people  Search this
Cheyenne language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Cheyenne Indians -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Field notes
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2684-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2684A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2684a
Additional Online Media:

MS 2704 Miscellaneous tales

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
38 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2704
Local Note:
Typescript
Citation:
Manuscript 2704, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2704
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2704
Additional Online Media:

MS 2796 Cheyenne stories and vocabulary collected by Truman Michelson

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Somers, William Abe, circa 1865-  Search this
Wolf Chief, circa 1851  Search this
White Bull, circa 1835-  Search this
Sweet Medicine, circa 1867  Search this
Hairy Hand, circa 1855-  Search this
Extent:
171 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Stories in Cheyenne by Wolf Chief, William Somers, White Medicine, White Bull, Sweet Medicine, and Hairy Hand, with interlineal and free English translations by Somers and and a few free translations by Truman Michelson. Also eight pages of Cheyenne vocabulary with English translations. White Bull was of Cheyenne and Arapaho background, and a few of his stories are identified as Arapaho in Michelson's notes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2796
Local Note:
Title updated from "Text" 4/1/2014.
Topic:
Cheyenne language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2796, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2796
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2796
Additional Online Media:

MS 2798 Three Cheyenne stories by Wolf Chief

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Wolf Chief, circa 1851  Search this
Translator:
Somers, William Abe, circa 1865-  Search this
Extent:
56 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Three stories in Cheyenne by Wolf Chief, with English translations by William Somers. The titles are "Plover Wings," "Buffalo Horns," and "Story about otter." These were collected by Truman Michelson at the Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Montana.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2798
Topic:
Cheyenne language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 2798, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2798
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2798
Additional Online Media:

MS 2799 Texts and notes on Medicine arrows of the Cheyenne from Bull Thigh and William Somers

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Informant:
Bull Thigh, circa 1829-  Search this
Somers, William Abe, circa 1865-  Search this
Extent:
131 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Folklore
Narratives
Field notes
Sketches
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Date:
1910 September 7-13
Scope and Contents:
Text and notes collected by Truman Michelson in Montana from Bull Thigh and William Somers on the sacred Medicine arrows of the Cheyenne. The texts are primarily in English and detail the origin of the arrows and describe the Medicine arrows ceremony. The prayers and songs are in Cheyenne. Also includes notes on Sun Dance.

The following is a list of the contents: (Folder 1) "The 4 arrows." Bull Thigh, Somers. pages 1-23. (Folder 2) "Further information on the 4 arrows." September 10, 1910. Somers. pages 1-24. (Folder 2) Notes on Sun Dance from Bull Thigh. September 10, 1910. pages 1-2. (Folder 3) "Somers fills in gaps of 4 arrows left out by the priest (tells own experiences)." September 9, 1910. Somers pages 1-43. (Folder 4) "3rd day before the ceremony proper." 7 pages. (Folder 5) "The 4 arrows; 4th day of the ceremonies."September 13, 1910. Somers. pages 1-10. (Folder 6) "Words of 1 arrow song; 4th song." September 7. Bull Thigh, Somers. 9 pages. "Arrow song with words," prayers, oaths, creed. September 13. Somers. 11 pages. (Folder 7) Diagrams illustrating parts of the ceremonies, Somers. 5 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2799
Local Note:
Title changed from "Notes on Medicine arrows of the Cheyenne September 7-13, 1910" 4/8/2014.
Topic:
Cheyenne Indians -- Religion  Search this
Medicine bundles  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Cheyenne language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Narratives
Field notes
Sketches
Citation:
Manuscript 2799, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2799
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2799
Additional Online Media:

MS 2811 Cheyenne stories and historical accounts collected by Truman Michelson

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Creator:
She-Bear, circa 1842-  Search this
White Bull, circa 1835-  Search this
White Eagle, circa 1853-  Search this
Somers, William Abe, circa 1865-  Search this
Duster, Albert, circa 1889- (interpreter)  Search this
Names:
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Extent:
56 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Narratives
Manuscripts
Folklore
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Date:
1910 August
Scope and Contents:
English texts of Cheyenne stories and historical accounts collected by Truman Michelson at the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation in Montana. The stories were provided by She-Bear, White Eagle, and White Bull and translated and written down in English by Albert Duster and William Somers. One of the texts is an account by White Eagle on George Custer and battles during the Great Sioux War. Also includes information about the storytellers and Somers and some ethnological notes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2811
Topic:
Cheyenne Indians -- Wars  Search this
Cheyenne Indians -- History  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Narratives
Manuscripts
Folklore
Citation:
Manuscript 2811, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2811
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2811
Additional Online Media:

MS 2812 Narratives by William Somers about Cheyenne origin, religion and history

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Informant:
Somers, William Abe, circa 1865-  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Narratives
Manuscripts
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Narratives handwritten in English and signed by William Abe Somers about Cheyenne origin, religion, and history. Includes statement by Somers, "I have lived over 45 years with the Cheyennes...."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2812
Topic:
Cheyenne Indians -- History  Search this
Cheyenne Indians -- Religion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Narratives
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 2812, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2812
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2812
Additional Online Media:

MS 2822 Cheyenne stories and ethnological notes collected by Truman Michelson

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
American Horse, circa 1847  Search this
Bull Thigh, circa 1829-  Search this
Grasshopper, circa 1857-  Search this
Handing Crow (Cheyenne)  Search this
Iron Shirt, circa 1835-  Search this
Left Hand Bull, circa 1826-  Search this
Medicine Top  Search this
Sweet Medicine, circa 1867  Search this
White Bull, circa 1835-  Search this
White Eagle, circa 1853-  Search this
Somers, William Abe, circa 1865-  Search this
Duster, Albert, circa 1889- (interpreter)  Search this
Wolf Chief, circa 1851  Search this
Extent:
158 Pages
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Field notes
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Cheyenne stories and ethnological notes collected by Truman Michelson at the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation in Montana. Michelson worked with William Somers, White Bull, White Eagle, Albert Duster, Wolf Chief, Left Hand Bull, American Horse, Grasshopper, Iron Shirt, Medicine Top, Handing Crow, Sweet Medicine, and Bull Thigh. The topics include camp divisions, war societies, weapons, dances, camp circle, personal narratives, and origin myths. Somers, who served as translator for Michelson, also authored many of the stories in this collection. These include: "Story of Great Foolish Dogs Society," "Morning Star or White Rabbit," "The Star Husband," "Indian looking for work," and "Story of Pipe and Smoke."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2822
Local Note:
Title changed from "Ethnological notes on Cheyenne origin myths, camp divisions, war societies, weapons, dances, camp circle, and personal narratives and stories, August-September 1919" 4/1/2014.
Topic:
Social structure  Search this
Indian dance -- North America  Search this
Cheyenne language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Folklore
Narratives
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 2822, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2822
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2822
Additional Online Media:

MS 2932 Notes on sign language and miscellaneous ethnographic notes on Plains Indians

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
He Dog  Search this
Red Feather  Search this
Whirling  Search this
Addressee:
Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bruguiere, Johnnie, 1849-1898  Search this
Petalesharo, 1797-1836  Search this
Extent:
4 Boxes
2,736 Items (2,736 pages)
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
American Indian -- Digger Indians  Search this
Flathead  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Atsina Indians  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Slave  Search this
Chipewyan Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Kiowa Apache Indians  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Ponka  Search this
Yampa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Kootenai Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1934
Scope and Contents:
Much of this material is relevant to the Dakotas. Includes: miscellaneous notes on Dakota history, bands, and sign for "Dakota," Autograph Document. Approximately 100 pages. (Box 2); account of the Battle of Little Big Horn by He Dog, Red Feather, and Whirling, Autograph Document. 7 pages. (Box 3); "The Custer Battle with the Sioux, Autograph Document. 10 pages. (Box 3); notes on sign language in general, its history and distribution, Autograph and Typescript Document, 1 box (Box 4).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2932
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Marriage and family -- Berdache  Search this
Weapons -- bow  Search this
Dance -- calumet  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies  Search this
Zoology -- Buffalo  Search this
Dance -- grass  Search this
War -- Battle of Little Bighorn  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Dance -- Ghost dance  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Religion -- soul, concept of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
White River (Parusanuch and Yampa)  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Kootenai  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Kutenai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2932, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2932
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2932
Additional Online Media:

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By