Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
56,375 documents - page 1 of 500Result pages are truncated to 500.

Japanese album of photographs

Collector:
Ridout, Elizabeth  Search this
Collection Collector:
Ridout, Elizabeth  Search this
Extent:
1 Album (Accordion album with 24 albumen photographic prints)
Type:
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Hand coloring
Place:
Japan
Kobe-shi (Japan)
Nagasaki (Japan)
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Nikko (Japan)
Scope and Contents:
A small cloth covered accordion album with brocade covers with 24 tipped in hand-tinted albumen photographs, ca. 1880s. One side of the album shows studio constructs and portraits of Japanese women, either alone or in groups posed in daily activities. The other side shows picturesque scenes of Japan, including Yokohama, Nikko, Kobe, Nagasaki and Mt. Fuji. Photographs are uncaptioned.
長崎 日光 神戸 横浜
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.01 1
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Photography of women  Search this
Streets -- Japan  Search this
Temples -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Hand coloring
Collection Citation:
Elizabeth Ridout Collection, FSA.A2010.01. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Elizabeth Ridout, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.01, Series FSA A2010.01 1
See more items in:
Elizabeth Ridout Collection
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc355bb2aeb-696e-4216-bdee-e95957a57116
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-01-ref1

Album of photographs of Syria

Collector:
Moose, James S., 1903-1989.  Search this
Moose, Eleanor Wood, 1900-  Search this
Collection Collector:
Moose, James S., 1903-1989.  Search this
Moose, Eleanor Wood, 1900-  Search this
Extent:
57 Prints (1 album, gelatin)
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Syria
Date:
1950-1959
Scope and Contents:
Photographic print album created by James and Eleanor Moose, circa 1950s, which include images of the architecture and landscape of Syria. Photographs are all gelatin prints, mostly 7" x 9" or smaller. A Many of the photographs are signed "Amin Sharif". Some of the prints are captioned in Arabic. The album includes studio portraits of James and Eleanor Moose from 1954 and 1955.
Arrangement:
Prints Organized into two albums: Album 1, 75 prints; Album 2, 58 prints.
Biographical / Historical:
James S. Moose Jr. (1903-1989) was a foreign service officer of the U.S. Department of State. He was stationed throughout the Middle East, including Iraq, Iran, Saudia Arabia and Syria. In 1952 he was appointed ambassador to Syria, and then to Sudan in 1958. Moose retired from the State Department in 1962 and taught international relations at the University of Massachusetts for one year. The albums were likely created in the mid-1950s while Ambassador Moose was stationed in Syria.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2008.03 1
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photograph albums
Identifier:
FSA.A2008.03, Item FSA A2008.03 1
See more items in:
Photograph Albums of James and Eleanor Moose
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc39398cdd9-9df5-4b73-b0b7-8f2edfc86999
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2008-03-ref1

Album of photographs of Syria

Collector:
Moose, James S., 1903-1989.  Search this
Moose, Eleanor Wood, 1900-  Search this
Collection Collector:
Moose, James S., 1903-1989.  Search this
Moose, Eleanor Wood, 1900-  Search this
Extent:
58 Prints (1 album, gelatin)
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Syria
Date:
1950-1959
Scope and Contents:
Photographic print album created by James and Eleanor Moose, circa 1950s, which include images of the architecture and landscape of Syria. Photographs are all gelatin prints, mostly 7" x 9" or smaller. A Many of the photographs are signed "Amin Sharif". Some of the prints are captioned in Arabic. The album includes studio portraits of James and Eleanor Moose from 1954 and 1955.
Arrangement:
Prints Organized into two albums: Album 1, 75 prints; Album 2, 58 prints.
Biographical / Historical:
James S. Moose Jr. (1903-1989) was a foreign service officer of the U.S. Department of State. He was stationed throughout the Middle East, including Iraq, Iran, Saudia Arabia and Syria. In 1952 he was appointed ambassador to Syria, and then to Sudan in 1958. Moose retired from the State Department in 1962 and taught international relations at the University of Massachusetts for one year. The albums were likely created in the mid-1950s while Ambassador Moose was stationed in Syria.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2008.03 2
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photograph albums
Identifier:
FSA.A2008.03, Item FSA A2008.03 2
See more items in:
Photograph Albums of James and Eleanor Moose
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3c31e6e18-81f5-408c-8ae2-aa486bc39471
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2008-03-ref2

Photographs and Negatives of Artwork by A. Rönnebeck, Bas Reliefs, "La Fonda" Harvey House

Collection Creator:
Ronnebeck, Arnold, 1885-1947  Search this
Extent:
16 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 3, Folder 22
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1925-1955
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed with Box 5, Folder 5.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers, 1884-2002. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers / Series 7: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw924d04186-bf23-442a-8ba9-46a88adc5282
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ronnarno-ref345

Photographs and Negatives of Artwork by L. Ronnebeck, Frescoes in Private Homes

Collection Creator:
Ronnebeck, Arnold, 1885-1947  Search this
Extent:
1 Copy print
5 Photographic prints
2 Glass negatives
Container:
Box 4, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Date:
circa 1925-1955
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in Box 6, Folder 3.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers, 1884-2002. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers / Series 7: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ce7fefd9-0e7d-42d0-abda-96902e96a3bf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ronnarno-ref370

Photograph of Three Women

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.1 cm. x 20.3 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s-1930
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.53
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.53
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc32ce96495-3e6a-4406-b500-8a3f03ac2552
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref54

Photograph of Mountaneous Route

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 22.3 cm. x 16.5 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
"." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.01
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.01
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc38f264cde-36c7-4ba3-9b7c-a6bd612d1e16
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref1

Photograph of Artillery Batallion

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 23.7 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Tehran (Iran)
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
- Handwritten Cyrillic signature in white (inked), probably by Antoin Sevruguin reads: "Cebpróôun."
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.14
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.14
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3b217d35e-e5c7-4d69-a39b-3eac3e737c88
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref15

Photograph of a Butcher

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 12.6 cm. x 20.2 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.32
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
headgear  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.32
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3506b5cb8-530d-4fa2-a994-c4e3c03999fe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref33

Photograph of Street Performers

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 15.5 cm. x 20.5 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.33
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
headgear  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.33
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc303815f14-9376-414f-81bf-98cce2841cf7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref34

Photograph of a Dervish

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.1 cm. x 20 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
- Handwritten Cyrillic signature (inked), probably by Antoin Sevruguin reads: "Cebpróôun."
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.35
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Hairstyles  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.35
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3f5e93bf7-c3b9-437d-aa24-902276f0e378
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref36

Photograph of a Dervish

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.6 cm. x 20.7 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
"The photo depicts a man commonly referred to as a Dervish. The man's appearance fits the stereotype of the Dervish type, which is a common theme of portraiture in Sevruguin's portfoli." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- Handwritten Cyrillic signature in white (inked), probably by Antoin Sevruguin reads: "Cebpróôun."
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.36
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Dervishes  Search this
Hairstyles  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.36
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3172e4580-884f-482e-810c-22991b17ecf6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref37

Photograph of a Dervish

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.2 cm. x 20.3 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
"The portrait is one of the prime examples of 'Dervish' genre in Sevruguin's oeuvre. The christ like features of this set of portraits is their defining feature." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- Handwritten Cyrillic signature (inked), probably by Antoin Sevruguin reads: "Cebpróôun."
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.41
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Dervishes  Search this
headgear  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.41
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3475f1220-e5ce-4b1d-8e23-a64b010ce6a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref42

Photograph of Three Men Reading

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.7 cm. x 20.4 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.31
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
headgear  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.31
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3cad027a7-a684-4bff-b1d2-d01a44e2a212
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref32

Photograph of an Elderly Man

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.7 cm. x 20.3 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
"In some accounts the seated figure is identified as a learned jew." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.34
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
headgear  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.34
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc36b395686-67a8-44ed-8eda-4f0216925d23
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref35

Photograph of a Street Vendor

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.2 cm. x 20.4 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
"The vendor, with his open tray on his head, is most probably selling fruits." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.39
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Street vendors  Search this
headgear  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.39
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc32f909cd5-c10f-427c-968c-f0f9793e68f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref40

Photograph of Two Street Vendors

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13 cm. x 20.7 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
"The men are commonly identified as food sellers, more particularly Kebab." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.40
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Street vendors  Search this
headgear  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.40
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc30b47894e-292b-40ed-9587-a8127819afb0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref41

Photograph of a Reclining Woman

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 20.2 cm. x 13.1 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.47
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.47
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc39facb719-5fc2-46b3-8a9d-21760d0e92bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref48

Photograph of a Hookah Seller

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 13.1 cm. x 20.1 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
ca.1900
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.38
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Clothing and dress  Search this
Domestic scenes  Search this
headgear  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Studio portraits
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.38
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc39fdfb633-01ef-4cda-9401-ef35d6f0b08d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref39

Photograph of Kamraniyya Palace Complex

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Extent:
1 Albumen print (b&w, 22.8 cm. x 17 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880s - 1930
Scope and Contents:
"The photograph depicts the palace complex of Kamraniyya, built around 1880s by Kamran Mirza, Nasir al-Din Shah's third and favorite son. The garden of the complex was known for its exotic and extensive kinds of trees and greenery." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
Arrangement:
One of 62 albumen prints, un-numbered and without any apparent organization, housed in document box and stored on shelves. The 62 photographs were found sandwiched between the front and back covers of a leather-bound album of 19th. century photographs of Antoin Sevruguin. Many of these prints are duplicates of these in the album, and were certainly purchased at the same time.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2011.03 B.02
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Qajar dynasty, -- Iran, -- 1794-1925  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2011.03, Item FSA A2011.03 B.02
See more items in:
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3a908f4ae-84e0-47ec-ad4d-8b2df45e45f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2011-03-ref3

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By