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Elizabeth S. Navas papers, 1939-1963

Creator:
Navas, Elizabeth S., 1885-1979  Search this
Subject:
Bacon, Peggy  Search this
Bouché, Louis  Search this
Brice, William  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Burlin, Paul  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Cowles, Russell  Search this
Curry, John Steuart  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
De Creeft, José  Search this
Dehn, Adolf  Search this
Dehner, Walt  Search this
Demuth, Charles  Search this
Dove, Arthur Garfield  Search this
Pène Du Bois, Guy  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Glackens, William J.  Search this
Gleitsmann, Raphael  Search this
Grosz, George  Search this
Heliker, John  Search this
Homer, Winslow  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
James, Alexander  Search this
Kinigstein, Jonah  Search this
Kirsch, Frederick D. (Frederick Dwight)  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Lachaise, Gaston  Search this
Lechay, James  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Mattson, Henry E. (Henry Elis)  Search this
Morris, Carl  Search this
Morris, George L. K.  Search this
Moyer, Roy  Search this
Murdock, Louise Caldwell  Search this
Murdock, Roland P.  Search this
Oscar, Charles  Search this
Penney, James  Search this
Poor, Anne  Search this
Poor, Henry Varnum  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest)  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Sloan, John  Search this
Smith, Houghton Cranford  Search this
Sparhawk-Jones, Elizabeth  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Williamson, Clara McDonald  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Wichita Art Museum  Search this
Topic:
Art, American -- Kansas -- Witchita  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8075
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210246
AAA_collcode_navaeliz
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210246

Harper's Bazaar memorandum about the exhibit Nude environment

Creator:
Harper's Bazaar  Search this
Subject:
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Fischbach Gallery  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1966 February 25
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12158
See more items in:
Fischbach Gallery records, 1937-2015, bulk 1963-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12158

Thomas Eakins as a child

Subject:
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1850
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)2077
See more items in:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1837-1984, bulk 1935-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_2077
Online Media:

Leonard Baskin letter to Lawrence Fleischman

Creator:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Fleischman, Lawrence Arthur, 1925-1997  Search this
Subject:
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1960 Aug. 25
Topic:
Art market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8925
See more items in:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1837-1984, bulk 1935-1979
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8925

William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920

Creator:
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Subject:
Whitney, George  Search this
Wilcox, William H.  Search this
Coates, Edward Hornor  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Lambdin, George Cochran  Search this
Lanman, Charles  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam  Search this
Type:
Daguerreotypes
Photographs
Topic:
Marine painters -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Marine painting -- 19th century -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5663
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208497
AAA_collcode_richwill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208497
Online Media:

Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918

Creator:
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Subject:
West, Benjamin  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
Vanderlyn, John  Search this
Vedder, Elihu  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Cox, Kenyon  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Smillie, James David  Search this
Peale, Rubens  Search this
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert  Search this
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock  Search this
Audubon, John James  Search this
James McNeill Whistler  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle  Search this
Topic:
Autographs -- Collections  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Portraits  Search this
Autographs -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Autographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5905
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208745
AAA_collcode_hartchar
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208745
Online Media:

Lloyd Goodrich papers, 1884-1987, bulk 1927-1987

Creator:
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Subject:
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Homer, Winslow  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Newman, Elias  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Rich, Daniel Catton  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
American Art Research Council  Search this
National Council on the Arts and Government  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Association of Art Museum Directors  Search this
Artist Tenants Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art museums -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8302
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210473
AAA_collcode_goodlloy
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210473
Online Media:

Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1837-1984, bulk 1935-1979

Creator:
Fleischman, Lawrence Arthur, 1925-1997  Search this
Fleischman, Barbara G.  Search this
Subject:
Sellers, Charles Coleman  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston  Search this
Richardson, Constance  Search this
Pollack, Peter  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Bailey, Grace  Search this
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Allston, Washington  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach)  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Bailey, Truman E.  Search this
Krentzin, Earl  Search this
Gentle, Esther  Search this
Fleischman, Barbara  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
University of Michigan  Search this
United States Information Agency  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Milwaukee Art Center  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Typescripts
Photographs
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art patrons Michigan Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Philanthropists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10245
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213339
AAA_collcode_fleilawr
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213339
Online Media:

Ruth Bowman papers, 1936-2006, bulk 1963-1999

Creator:
Bowman, Ruth, 1923-  Search this
Subject:
Lassaw, Ibram  Search this
Holtzman, Harry  Search this
Cézanne, Paul  Search this
Burkhardt, Hans Gustav  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya  Search this
Bengelsdorf, Rosalind  Search this
Holty, Carl  Search this
Ferren, John  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Diller, Burgoyne  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu  Search this
Morris, George L. K.  Search this
McNeil, George  Search this
Mason, Alice Trumbull  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Levine, Les  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock  Search this
MacDonald, Duncan (Broadcaster)  Search this
Wilfred, Thomas  Search this
Sloan, Helen Farr  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
New York University  Search this
WNYC (Radio station : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Newark Museum  Search this
KUSC (Radio station : Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Craft and Folk Art Museum  Search this
Long Beach Museum of Art  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
American Association of Museums  Search this
Canadian Museums Association  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scripts (documents)
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art historians -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art, American -- 20th century  Search this
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11586
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)249278
AAA_collcode_bowmruth2
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Lives of American Artists
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_249278
Online Media:

Thomas Anshutz papers, circa 1870-1942

Creator:
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock, 1851-1912  Search this
Subject:
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Sketch Club  Search this
Type:
Glass negatives
Photographs
Topic:
Photography -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art, American -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5816
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208656
AAA_collcode_anshthom
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Lives of American Artists
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208656
Online Media:

American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993, bulk 1909-1969

Creator:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Subject:
Albers, Anni  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Albert, Calvin  Search this
Day, Worden  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Daumier, Honoré  Search this
Coen, Eleanor  Search this
Conover, Robert F. (Robert Fremont)  Search this
Citron, Minna Wright  Search this
Clements, Geoffrey  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Chesney, Lee  Search this
Casarella, Edmond  Search this
Chagall, Marc  Search this
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Braque, Georges  Search this
Blume, Peter  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Bingham, George Caleb  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
Berman, Eugene  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Baziotes, William  Search this
Avery, Milton  Search this
Arp, Jean  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Antreasian, Garo Z.  Search this
Altman, Harold  Search this
Yunkers, Adja  Search this
Xceron, Jean  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Wines, James  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite  Search this
Zoellner, Richard  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Zao, Wou-ki  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Wald, Sylvia  Search this
Whiting, Frederic Allen  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Demuth, Charles  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Santomaso, Giuseppe  Search this
Saetti, Bruno  Search this
Sato, Tadashi  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Roszak, Theodore  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Rouault, Georges  Search this
Seligmann, Kurt  Search this
Schramm, James S.  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Whittredge  Search this
Schanker, Louis  Search this
Savelli, Angelo  Search this
Schrag, Karl  Search this
Schongauer, Martin  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Oliveira, Nathan  Search this
Parks, Gordon  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel  Search this
Perlmutter, Jack  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth  Search this
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn  Search this
Renoir, Auguste  Search this
Pozzatti, Rudy  Search this
Sloan, John  Search this
Ratkai, George  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Tomlin, Bradley Walker  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Tiepolo, Giovanni Domenico  Search this
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista  Search this
Thrall, Arthur  Search this
Thon, William  Search this
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice)  Search this
Tchelitchew, Pavel  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Von Wiegand, Charmion  Search this
Von Wicht, John  Search this
Vespignani, Renzo  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Turner, J. M. W. (Joseph Mallord William)  Search this
Treiman, Joyce  Search this
Tooker, George  Search this
Steg, J. L.  Search this
Steichen, Edward  Search this
Spruance, Benton  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Spaeth, Eloise  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Suzuki, James  Search this
Takal, Peter  Search this
Stone, Edward Durell  Search this
Summers, Carol  Search this
Sterne, Maurice  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Stella, Joseph  Search this
Sterne, Hedda  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
George, Thomas  Search this
Gatch, Lee  Search this
Adams, Ansel  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Goya, Francisco  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Graves, Morris  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William  Search this
Hassam, Childe  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Heliker, John Edward  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Degas, Edgar  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Dove, Arthur Garfield  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Dubuffet, Jean  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Ernst, Jimmy  Search this
Fine, Perle  Search this
Force, Juliana  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Frasconi, Antonio  Search this
Meeker, Dean  Search this
Mechlin, Leila  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
Moore, Henry  Search this
Moller, Hans  Search this
Miró, Joan  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Neuberger, Roy R.  Search this
Murch, Walter  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Morris, George L. K.  Search this
Okada, Kenzo  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Nicholson, Ben  Search this
Kahn, Max  Search this
Kelly, Ellsworth  Search this
Jones, John Paul  Search this
Jorn, Asger  Search this
Kohn, Misch  Search this
Kienbusch, William  Search this
Klee, Paul  Search this
Crawford, Ralston  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
MacIver, Loren  Search this
James McNeill Whistler  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Léger, Fernand  Search this
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Photographs
Lantern slides
Administrative records
Topic:
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5411
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209113
AAA_collcode_amerfeda
Theme:
The Art Market
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209113
Online Media:

William Innes Homer papers, 1938-1980

Creator:
Homer, William Innes, 1929-  Search this
University of Delaware. Dept. of Art History  Search this
Subject:
Walters, Carl  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Seurat, Georges  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Adams, Ansel  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art, American -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- Exhibitions  Search this
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7837
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210004
AAA_collcode_homewill
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210004

Thomas Anshutz papers

Creator:
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock, 1851-1912  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Sketch Club  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Extent:
2.76 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1870-1942
Summary:
The papers of Thomas Anshutz measure 2.76 linear feet and date from around 1870 to 1942, with the bulk of materials dating from 1880 to 1911. The papers document his education and career as a painter, photographer, and art instructor. The collection is particularly rich in photographs made between approximately 1880 and 1900, when Anshutz and others at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, under the direction of Thomas Eakins (1844-1916), began using photography as an aid in the study of the figure and as studies for paintings. Also found are correspondence, a notebook with scattered sketches, a handful of clippings regarding Anshutz's career, and scattered notes and printed materials.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Thomas Anshutz measure 2.76 linear feet and document his education and career as a painter, photographer, and art instructor. The collection is particularly rich in photographs made between approximately 1880 and 1900, when Anshutz and others at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, under the direction of Thomas Eakins (1844-1916), began using photography as an aid in the study of the figure and as studies for paintings. Also found are correspondence, a notebook with scattered sketches, a handful of clippings regarding Anshutz's career, and scattered notes and printed materials.

Photographs include vintage, original prints that were made during the period when Anshutz worked closely with Thomas Eakins, between 1880 and 1886, consisting of portraits, figure studies both nude and clothed, and class groups both posed and informal. Among the nude photographs are pastoral figure studies with Eakins himself as the model. This collection does not include any of the photographs from Eakins' so-called "Naked Series," although a triptych of three figure studies of Eadweard Muybridge closely resembles photographs from that series. Prints from this period are small in size and are probably original contact prints.

Also found are 49 glass negatives and 3 prints that Thomas Anshutz likely made in the 1890s, mostly of figures and marine subjects, many of which were used in his paintings of that period. Additional unattributed photographs of similar subjects are also found, as well as professional studio portraits of Eakins and others, and a handful of photographs that seem to have been made at a later time and kept by the family, which depict Anshutz, his studio, the Philadelphia Sketch Club, and Anshutz's artwork.

Dates and attributions made in this finding aid are taken from scholarly and curatorial publications based on primary sources, including Eakins and the Photograph (1994) by Susan Danly and Cheryl Leibold; Thomas Eakins (2002), catalog to the exhibition Thomas Eakins: American Realist at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, especially the chronology by Kathleen Brown; The Photography of Thomas Eakins (1972) by Gordon Hendricks; and Thomas Anshutz: Artist and Teacher (1994) by Randall C. Griffin.

See the series descriptions below for additional information on the attribution and identification of photographs in this collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers:

Series 1: Correspondence, c. 1870-1911, 1942 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings, 1880s, 1893 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 3: Financial Records, 1884-1910 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1884-1942, undated (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1880-1904, 1936 (Boxes 1-3, MGP 2; 2.1 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Thomas Pollock Anshutz was born in Newport, Kentucky in 1851. He grew up in Newport and in Wheeling, then in Virginia, now West Virginia. He received early art instruction at the National Academy of Design in New York in the early 1870s, studying under Lemuel Wilmarth.

In 1875, Anshutz moved to Philadelphia and attended the life class taught by Thomas Eakins at the Philadelphia Sketch Club. Eakins would soon come to be a major influence and close associate of Anshutz. In 1876, both artists joined the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA); Eakins as Chief Demonstrator of Anatomy, and Anshutz as a student of Eakins and Christian Schussele. Anshutz became Eakins' assistant in 1878, and then succeeded him as Chief Demonstrator when Eakins was appointed Professor of Drawing and Painting. While he was still a student, Anshutz completed his ambitious painting Ironworkers' Noontime (1880), which was first exhibited at the Philadelphia Sketch Club in 1881 and was compared to Eakins' work by critics. 1881 was also the year that Anshutz became an instructor of drawing and painting at PAFA.

Around 1880, Thomas Eakins bought his first camera. By 1882, when he was appointed Director of Schools, he was using photography as an aid in his own artwork and as a teaching tool in his life classes. Many at the Academy got involved with photography, the cutting-edge medium of the age, a time when new photographic processes, materials, and devices were being introduced at a rapid rate and being put to new uses across many disciplines. At PAFA, Anshutz, Eakins, and others used the medium to carry out Eakins' vision of studying nature from life, posing models and students for the camera and making prints available for study.

Photography at the Academy ranged from informal photographs and class portraits to posed studies of nude or classically-dressed figures. Eakins also carried out a systematic documentation of nudes in seven pre-defined standing poses, which he called "The Naked Series." Anshutz, John Laurie Wallace, and Covington Few Seiss are known to have made photographs for this project, and Eakins himself was among the models. Around this same time, outings were organized with groups including Eakins, Anshutz, Wallace, and others, in which they photographed each other outdoors in the nude, boxing, wrestling, swimming, and in repose. Eakins used photographs from these outings in his Arcadia paintings and reliefs and in his painting, The Swimming Hole. In 1884, Eakins and Anshutz also became involved with the work of Eadweard Muybridge, who had come to Philadelphia to develop his photographic motion studies of animals and people. Eakins and Anshutz helped to build Muybridge's elaborate apparatus and took photographs for his well-known series, Animal Locomotion.

In 1886, when Eakins was dismissed from his position at PAFA for misconduct, Anshutz took over his classes and his leadership role in art instruction at the Academy. With the exception of a brief stint in Europe, teaching dominated Anshutz's remaining years, and may have earned him a more lasting reputation than his own artwork. Anshutz taught an impressive roster of American artists, many of whom would be among the vanguard of modernism in American art, including Robert Henri, John Marin, William Glackens, Everett Shinn, John Sloan, Charles Sheeler, Charles Demuth, and George Luks.

In 1892, Anshutz married Effie Shriver Russell, and the two traveled to Paris, where Anshutz briefly enrolled in the Académie Julian and visited museums, galleries, and the Salon des Indépendants. He returned to Philadelphia in 1893 and resumed teaching at the Pennsylvania Academy. During family vacations at Holly Beach, New Jersey, Anshutz experimented with watercolors, a brighter palette, and simplified compositions. He also continued taking photographic studies of scenes from nature and transcribing them onto canvas. He made dozens of photographs of Holly Beach scenes and other marine views from an 1897 boat trip down the Delaware and Maurice Rivers. Many of these photographs were used in his watercolors and oils of that period.

In 1898, Anshutz opened the Darby School, a summer school northwest of Philadelphia that emphasized plein air painting. He ran the school with Hugh Breckenridge, a former student who had studied at the Académie Julian around the same time as Anshutz. It was in this setting that Anshutz painted his most abstract work, a series of loosely-rendered and bright oil landscapes that were never exhibited. He continued teaching at the Darby School until 1910.

Despite his openness to experimentation and his accomplishments in genre scenes and landscapes, Anshutz was best-known by his contemporaries for his portraiture. In the late 1890s and 1900s, he exhibited his portraits regularly and won several awards for them, including a silver medal at the 1904 World's Fair, the Gold Medal of Honor at the Pennsylvania Academy in 1909, and a gold medal at the Buenos Aires International Exposition in 1910. Around this time he advanced to head instructor at PAFA, was made a member of the National Academy of Design, and was elected president of the Philadelphia Sketch Club. In the fall of 1911 he was forced by ill health to stop teaching, and he died the following June.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel 140) including eighteen illustrated letters written by Thomas Anshutz to his wife in 1897. Loaned materials were returned to the lender, Elizabeth R. Anshutz of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
A portion of the letters, the glass negatives and photographs were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1971 by Robert and Joy McCarty, occupants of the property formerly owned by the Anshutz family in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania. The remaining letters, photographs, and other papers were donated by Elizabeth R. Anshutz, wife of Anshutz's son Edward, in two separate accessions in 1971 and 1972. Eighteen illustrated letters were also loaned by Mrs. Anshutz to the Archives for microfilming (reel 140) and were later returned.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use of the originals requires an appointment. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Rights:
The Thomas Anshutz papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Photography -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art, American -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Photographs
Citation:
Thomas Anshutz papers, circa 1870-1942. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.anshthom
See more items in:
Thomas Anshutz papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-anshthom
Online Media:

William Innes Homer papers

Creator:
Homer, William Innes  Search this
University of Delaware. Dept. of Art History  Search this
Delaware Art Museum  Search this
Names:
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia , 1887-1986  Search this
Seurat, Georges, 1859-1891  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Walters, Carl, 1883-1955  Search this
Extent:
6.6 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 1 reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1980
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, writings, notes, forms, printed material, exhibition records, research material and photographs.
REEL 2814: frames 561-576: Photocopies of letters from George Barker to Homer, 1961-1965, regarding Thomas Eakins.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence with dealers, patrons and museum curators concerning an exhibition of the sculpture of Carl Walters, 1956-1958, including some notes and a few photographs of Walter's sculpture; letters, mainly from artists; and a photocopy of Shinn's "Everett Shinn Treatment, #1 and #2, 1945-1978. Among the correspondents are: Ansel Adams, Peggy Bacon, Saul Baizerman, Maurice Becker, Thomas H. Benton, Charles Burchfield, Faber Birren, Mrs. Homer Boss, Imogen Cunningham, Nell Daniel, Andrew Dasburg, Randall Davey, Stuart Davis, Theodore Lux Feininger, Lyonel Feininger, Laura Gilpin, Edith Halpert, Jay Hambidge, Emil Holzhauer, Lotte Jacobi, Mrs. William Sargent Kendall, Leon Kroll, Julien Levy, Stanton Macdonald-Wright, Lewis Mumford, Georgia O'Keeffe, John H. Rhoades, Margery Ryerson, David Smith, Carl Sprinchorn, Edward Steichen, Mrs. Allen Tucker, and Carl Zigrosser. Also included are writings, notes, and printed material concerning the "Index of Dissertations and Theses in American Art" section of the Arts in America: A Bibliography (1979), edited by Bernard Karpel, covering years ca. 1930-1975.
Records of the 1975 exhibition "Avant-garde Painting and Sculpture in America, 1910-1925," organized by the Department of Art History and Division of Museum Studies, University of Delaware, in cooperation with the Delaware Art Museum. Included are correspondence regarding research, loans to the exhibition, and publicity; a grant proposal; photographs of artists, works of art, and installations of the exhibition; and an outline for the catalog.
Notebooks, 9 v. containing citations to dissertations and theses relating to American art, 1980-1997, compiled under Homer's direction, as a follow up to his "Index of Dissertations and Theses in American Art" section of the Bibliography of the Arts in America From Colonial Times to Modern Times (1979).
Homer's research material on Georges Seurat, ca. 1956-1980, including correspondence; essays, notes and draft writings; photocopies and microfilms of rare printed material; responses to questionnaires regarding ownership of paintings; bibliographies; biographical material on scientists and others who influenced Seurat; photographs and color transparencies of works by Seurat and his colleagues; and miscellany. Also included are correspondence and research notes on other Neo-Impressionists.
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian, educator; Newark, Del.; b. 1929. William Innes Homer is an art historian whose areas of expertise include European and American painting from 1865 to 1925 and American art after World War II. He has taught at Princeton University and Cornell University, but is most closely associated with the University of Delaware, where he is Professor Emeritus. He taught there from 1966 until his retirement in 1999.
Provenance:
Donated 1980-2004 by William Homer. Photocopies of letters from Barker to Homer were discarded after microfilming.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians  Search this
Art historians -- Delaware  Search this
Educators -- Delaware  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art, American -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- Exhibitions  Search this
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.homewill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-homewill

Charles Henry Hart autograph collection

Creator:
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Names:
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock, 1851-1912  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1846-1916  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
James McNeill Whistler, 1834-1903  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Rubens, 1784-1865  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Vanderlyn, John, 1775-1852  Search this
Vedder, Elihu, 1836-1923  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1731-1918
Summary:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection dates from 1731-1917 and measures 1.7 linear feet comprised of 226 letters, portrait prints, and other documents signed by American artists.
Scope and Contents:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection dates from 1731-1917 and measures 1.7 linear feet comprised of 226 letters, portrait prints, and other documents signed by American artists.

Originally titled by Hart as "The History of Art in America as Told in a Remarkable Collection of Autograph Letters and Documents of Celebrated American Artists of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Century," the collection includes letters and other items signed by Thomas Anshutz, John J. Audubon, William Merritt Chase, Frederic Edwin Church, John Singleton Copley, Kenyon Cox, Thomas Eakins, Jervis McEntee, Samuel F.B. Morse, Charles Willson Peale, Raphaelle Peale, Rembrandt Peale, Rubens Peale, Titian Peale, James Daivd Smillie, Gilbert Stuart, Thomas Sully, Abbott Handerson Thayer, John Vanderlyn, Elihu Vedder, John Quincy Adams Ward, Benjamin West, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and many others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series.

Series 1: Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1917 (226 items; Box 1-5)
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Henry Hart (1847-1918) was a historian, lawyer, writer, and director, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1882-1904. Widely, he published on the subject of 18th and 19th century portraiture in the United States.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the personal papers of Charles Henry Hart, dating from 1774-1930, bulk 1888-1918.
Provenance:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 1954 as an anonymous gift. It is assumed that Hart assembled the letters. Original collation was two letterbooks entitled "The History of Art in America as Tolk in a Remarkable Collection of Autograph Letters and Documents of Celebrated American Artists of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Century."
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Autographs -- Collections  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Portraits  Search this
Autographs -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Autographs  Search this
Citation:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hartchar
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hartchar

Lloyd Goodrich papers

Creator:
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Names:
American Art Research Council  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Artist Tenants Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Association of Art Museum Directors  Search this
National Council on the Arts and Government  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Dows, Olin, 1904-1981  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Newman, Elias, 1903-  Search this
Rich, Daniel Catton, 1904-1976  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
35.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Date:
1884-1987
bulk 1927-1987
Summary:
The papers of art historian, writer, and museum administrator Lloyd Goodrich measure 35.7 linear feet and date from 1884 to 1987 with the bulk of the material dating from 1927 to 1987. Materials include biographical material, extensive correspondence, writings and research files, organization and committee files, exhibition files, printed material, a scrapbook, and photographic material. The collection is particularly rich in research files on Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins, Albert Pinkham Ryder, and Reginald Marsh, as well as correspondence with additional notable artists and art figures.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art historian, writer, and museum administrator Lloyd Goodrich measure 35.7 linear feet and date from 1884 to 1987 with the bulk of the material dating from 1927 to 1987. Materials include biographical material, extensive correspondence, writings and research files, organization and committee files, exhibition files, printed material, a scrapbook, and photographic material. The collection is particularly rich in research files on Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins, Albert Pinkham Ryder, and Reginald Marsh, as well as correspondence with additional notable artists and art figures.

Scattered biographical materials include biographical sketches, an interview transcript, personal business records, documents relating to Goodrich's service on art juries, and awards and honors.

Correspondence is with friends, family, artists, museums, collectors, galleries, and arts organizations. Correspondents include The Arts Magazine, Whitney Museum of Art, Olin Dows, Philip Evergood, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Reginald Marsh, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Elias Newman, Daniel Catton Rich, and Raphael Soyer among many others. Research related correspondence arranged here concerns work on a catalogue raisonné of Winslow Homer. This material was originally arranged in the correspondence files by Goodrich prior to the later donation that included additional research files on Homer found in Series 3. There are also condolence letters from notable figures in American art.

Writings and research files include major writings, such as books and articles, and book reviews, essays, exhibition text, catalog entries, and lectures. In addition to the writings, Goodrich's research files for the writings are arranged here and include research, notes, correspondence, photographs, illustrations, printed materials, and bibliographies. There are also book agreements. There are extensive files for Goodrich's books on Winslow Homer (see also correspondence in Series 2) and Reginald Marsh; articles, catalog entries, and other writings on Winslow Homer, Albert Pinkham Ryder, Kuniyoshi, Reginald Marsh, and American art in general; lectures and talks; research files on other artists, and notes and notebooks.

Organization and committee files document Goodrich's service on boards, commissions, committees, organizations, and associations, such as the American Federation of Arts, the Association of Art Museum Directors, the Carnegie Study in American Art, the National Council on the Arts and Government, American Art Research Council, Artists Equity Association, Artist Tenants Association, the selection committee of the American National Exhibition (1959), and others are found within organization and committee files. Agendas, correspondence, meeting minutes, and printed material are found within the files.

Exhibition files are found only for several Winslow Homer shows. Printed materials include clippings, publicity materials, and printed copies of his writings. Photographic material includes scattered photographs of Goodrich and others, and extensive negatives of works of art, likely by Homer. Also found are x-rays of paintings by Ralph Blakelock.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1946-1984 (Boxes 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920-1987 (Boxes 1-3; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Research Files, 1884-1987 (Boxes 3-17, 38; 14.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Organization and Committee files, 1933-1982 (Boxes 17-31, 37; 14.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, 1944-1986 (Boxes 31-32; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1979 (Boxes 32-33; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbook, 1952-1959 (Box 33; 2 folders)

Series 8: Photographic Materials, circa 1910-1987 (Boxes 33-37; 3.1 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Lloyd Goodrich (1897-1987) was a prominent and influential art historian, writer, and director of the Whitney Museum of Art in New York City, New York, from 1958-1968.

Lloyd Goodrich was born in Nutley, New Jersey in 1897. He studied under Kenneth Hayes Miller at the Art Students League from 1913-1915 and also took courses at the National Academy of Design. Rather than pursue a career as an artist, however, he decided that his real talent was writing about art. He began his long and prolific writing career in 1923-24 and married Edith Havens in 1924. Inspired by the work and writings of European art scholars and a desire to address the need for a body of scholarship on American Art, Goodrich began to research and write about American artists Kenneth Hayes Miller, Winslow Homer, and Thomas Eakins.

Goodrich's first article on Winslow Homer was published in 1924 by The Arts, a magazine financed by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney and edited by Forbes Watson, who soon hired Goodrich as associate editor. By 1929, Goodrich was also working as assistant art critic for the New York Times while continuing work at The Arts as contributing editor. One year later, The Arts commissioned Goodrich to write a book on Kenneth Hayes Miller. And, around the same time Goodrich became interested in Thomas Eakins, and with the encouragement and financial support from his boyhood friend, artist Reginald Marsh, he began work on a monograph about Eakins.

In 1930, Goodrich joined the staff of Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney's new American art museum in New York City, the Whitney Museum of American Art. The museum provided him with the funds he needed to research and complete his book on Thomas Eakins, which he achieved in 1933. In 1935, he became curator of the museum, and associate director in 1948. He served as director from 1958-1968. The bequest of the Edward Hopper collection to the Whitney was the result of Goodrich's reputation as a scholar of Edward Hopper. After retiring, Goodrich continued his association with the Whitney as advisory director and director emeritus.

Goodrich was instrumental in starting the American Art Research Council in 1942, a group of museums devoted to collecting scholarly records about American art. He sat on the advisory panels for the New York State Council on the Arts and the Fine Arts Advisory Committee to the White House. In 1933, he was in charge of the New York regional office of the Public Works of Art Project. He also served as chairman of the National Council on the Arts and Government from 1948 to 1954 and was a major force in the creation of the National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities. He was a member of the Artists Equity Association, Artist Tenants Association, and numerous other arts organizations and a strong advocate for the promotion and support of American art and artists.

Throughout his long and distinguished career as a writer and museum administrator, Lloyd Goodrich worked to build a body of scholarship related to the history of American art and artists. He published several important monographs, including works on Thomas Eakins, Edward Hopper, Albert Pinkham Ryder, Winslow Homer, and Reginald Marsh, and organized major exhibitions about these and many other artists during his 57-year association with the Whitney Museum of American Art. At the time of his death, Goodrich was considered a preeminent figure in the American art world, and one of the foremost authorities on Eakins, Ryder, and Homer, artists on which he kept extensive research files throughout his life.

Lloyd Goodrich died March 27, 1987.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Lloyd Goodrich, 1962-1963 by Harlan Phillips for the Archives of American Art.

Additional Lloyd Goodrich papers are located at the Whitney Museum of American Art Archives, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel 4468) including a photocopy of the manuscript "Albert Pinkham Ryder: The Man and His Art," Goodrich's contribution to the book "Albert Pinkham Ryder: Painter of Dreams" co-authored with William I. Homer. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Lloyd Goodrich papers were given to the Archives of American Art in several different acquisitions. Lloyd Goodrich first donated material in 1983. David Goodrich, Lloyd Goodrich's son, gave more material between 1988 and 2007 while additional papers were lent for microfilming by William I. Homer in 1990. Finally, the Whitney Museum of American Art donated papers in 1996, and Polly Thistlethwaite gave further material in 2015.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Lloyd Goodrich papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Museum administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art museums -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lloyd Goodrich papers, 1884-1987, bulk 1927-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.goodlloy
See more items in:
Lloyd Goodrich papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-goodlloy
Online Media:

Thomas Eakins letters

Creator:
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Names:
Couture, Thomas, 1815-1879  Search this
Crowell, Frances Eakins, b. 1848  Search this
Crowell, William J.  Search this
Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hallowell, William R.  Search this
Richards, Frederick de Bourg, 1822-1903  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Wallace, J. Laurie (John Laurie)  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Paris (France) -- description and travel
Date:
1866-1934
Summary:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Scope and Content Note:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, items are categorized into one series consisting of five folders. Items are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Realist painter Thomas Eakins was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1844. He was encouraged by his parents to develop his talent in art, and in 1862 he entered the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Also during this period Eakins developed an interest in anatomy, revealed later in the realistically detailed Gross Clinic, painted in 1875. In 1866 he moved to Paris, where he studied painting with Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for three years, and briefly with sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont and painter Léon Bonnat. He toured Spain for six months in 1870 and then returned to Philadelphia to become a portrait artist. Eakins began teaching at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and became its director of instruction in 1882. During this period he also met fellow artist Susan MacDowell and they were married in 1884. While at the Academy, he promoted a curriculum based on the study of the human figure, and began using photography as a method of study for his paintings. A dispute over the use of nude models forced Eakins to resign from the Academy in 1886, but he continued painting and exhibiting until his death in 1916.
Provenance:
Letters from Eakins to his family were donated by Dr. Caroline Crowell, daughter of Frances Eakins Crowell, and niece of Thomas Eakins. Other letters were donated in 1962 and 1963 by Irving Levitt and Lawrence Fleischman. Both accessions were microfilmed upon receipt.
Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The letters of Thomas Eakins are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Citation:
Thomas Eakins letters, 1866-1934. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.eakithom
See more items in:
Thomas Eakins letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-eakithom
Online Media:

Thomas Eakins, Philadelphia, Pa. letter to Caroline Stuyvesant Lapsley, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Creator:
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Lapsley, Caroline Stuyvesant  Search this
Subject:
Rowland, Henry Augustus  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1902 Jan. 2
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12863
See more items in:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk bulk 1885-1962
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12863
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Lloyd Goodrich, 1962 June 13-1963 March 25

Interviewee:
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Interviewer:
Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington),, 1920-  Search this
Subject:
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Field, Hamilton Easter  Search this
Force, Juliana  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Watson, Forbes  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Art and state  Search this
Art -- Forgeries  Search this
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13038
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212055
AAA_collcode_goodri62
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212055

Henry McBride papers, 1887-1962

Creator:
McBride, Henry, 1867-1962  Search this
Subject:
Barr, Everett S.  Search this
Wescott, Glenway  Search this
Stein, Gertrude  Search this
Toklas, Alice B.  Search this
Van Vechten, Carl  Search this
Matisse, Henri  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Stettheimer, Florine  Search this
Miller, C. Earle  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Pascin, Jules  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7838
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210005
AAA_collcode_mcbrhenr
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210005

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