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Charles Vogt collection of Rinehart and Heyn photographs

Photographer:
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Muhr, Adolph F., -1913  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
Extent:
11 Photographs
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1898-1899
Summary:
This collection contains 11 color lithographs based on original monograph portraits of American Indian delegates photographed by F.A. Rinehart, Adolph Muhr, Herman Heyn, and James Matzen, 1898-1899.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 6 color lithograph prints of original monochromatic photographs that were shot by Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) and/or his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913) at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition.

The Exposition was held in Omaha, Nebraska, between June 1 and October 31, 1898. During the Congress, Rinehart and Muhr photographed more than 500 delegates and groups representing the estimated thirty-five tribes represented at the Exposition and is considered the largest gathering of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.

Another 5 colorized photographs in this collection are photographic portraits of American Indian leaders that were photographed by Herman Heyn and James Matzen at the Greater America Exposition in Omaha in 1899. Heyn copyrighted the photographs under his own name in 1899.

The photographers assigned the photograph titles.

Portraits in this collection include:

P16902- Broken Arm [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)] -Photo by Rinehart/Muhr, 1898

P16903- Chief Red Cloud [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux) -Photo by Rinehart/Muhr, 1898

P16904- White Swan [Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)] -Photo by Rinehart/Muhr, 1898

P16905- Stella Yellowshirt and child [Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)] -Photo by Heyn, 1899

P16906- Chief Painted Horse [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)]-Photo by Heyn, 1899

P16907- Ahahe and child (Wichita) -Photo by Rinehart/Muhr, 1898

P16908- Yellowshirt [Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)] -Photo by Heyn, 1899

P16909- Shot In The Eye [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)] -Photo by Heyn, 1899

P16910- Alice Lone Bear [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)] -Photo by Rinehart/Muhr, 1898

P16911- Hattie Tom (Chiricahua Apache) -Photo by Rinehart/Muhr, 1898

P16912- High Hawk [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)] -Photo by Heyn, 1899
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition World's Fair was held in Omaha, Nebraska from June 1 to October 1898. Over 500 Indian delegates from over thirty-five different tribes were present at the Fair. James Mooney (Bureau of Ethnology) and Captain William A. Mercer organized and managed the Indian Congress in conjunction with the Exposition. It included "living exhibitions," with mock Indian villages and demonstrations of dances, daily activities, and sham battles.

The official photographer of the U.S. Indian Congress was Frank A. Rinehart (ca. 1862-1928) with his assistant Adolph F. Muhr (ca. 1858-1913). The Rinehart and Muhr photographs are considered one of the most comprehensive photo documentations of American Indian leaders at the turn of the century.

After the Trans-Mississippi Exposition ended, the Greater America Exposition opened on the same fair grounds from July 1, 1899 to October 31, 1899. Herman Heyn and James Matzen won the contract to be the official photographer of the new Exposition. This Exposition featured many of the same buildings and set up as the Trans-Mississippi Exposition of the previous year.
Related Materials:
NMAI holds a number of related photograph collections including NMAI.AC.118- U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition photograph album and NMAI.AC.119- Byron Harvey, III Collection of Exposition and Portrait photographs.
Provenance:
Gift of Mr. Charles Vogt to Museum of the American Indian, 1945.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Charles Vogt collection of Rinehart and Heyn photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.298; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.298
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv471603429-2347-4683-abea-092b6c4d0e6e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-298
Online Media:

James C. Jones collection from Bolivia

Creator:
Jones, James C. (James Clyde), 1944-  Search this
Extent:
910 Slides (photographs) (color, 35mm)
2 Sound cassettes
Culture:
Moxo (Mojo)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Sound cassettes
Sound cassette
Place:
Bolivia
Date:
1977-1979
1988
Summary:
This collection includes slides (photographic) and audio-cassettes created by James Jones during research trips to San Ingnacio de Moxos, Beni, Bolivia in 1977-1979 and 1988. Jones was conducting research to complete his dissertation in anthropology and photographed many indigenous Moxo (Mojo) community members he interviewed during the course of his research, as well as local festivals and agricultural activities.
Scope and Contents:
The James C. Jones collection includes photographic slides (35mm) and two audio-cassettes made by Jones in San Ignacios de Moxis, Beni, Bolivia in 1977-1979 and in 1988. The majority of the photographic slides in this collection were taken by Jones during his 1977-1979 research trip for his PhD dissertation. There are a small number of slides that were shot in 1988 on a return trip to Beni, Bolivia. The slides from 1977-1979 were shot in 25 rolls with 36 slides per roll. The majority of the photographs were shot in and near San Ignacio de Moxos in Beni, Bolivia an indigenous village in Norther Bolivia, though additional locations in Bolivia visited include Trinidad and La Paz. Jones interviewed around 70 local Moxo (Mojo) men and women in and near San Ignacio. During and in between interviews Jones shot photographs that documented daily life for his interviewees with a particular focus on agricultural activities such as farming and cooking. Many of the photographs include images of the Rivero family (Ignacito and Yolanda) with whom Jones stayed for extended periods of time. Jones also took a special interest in the many celebrations and festivals that occurred during his stay in Bolivia and took photographs of dancers, musicians and processions. He also shot many landscape views of the village, farms, "pampas," as well as aerial views of roads and rivers and close up images of the local flora and fauna.

The two audio-cassettes, recorded by Jones in 1977-1978, includes music played by local Moxo musicians during special occasions, such as Christmas, Independence Day as well as music played in the local church. There are also interviews with Juan Bautista Savala and Chaco war veteran Horacio Semani.
Arrangement:
Arranged chronologically and by slide roll or sound-cassette.
Biographical / Historical:
James C. Jones was born in Harlan, Kentucky in 1944. He graduated from University of Kentucky in 1966 with a B.A. in Science in Mathematics. Jones spent two years teaching math in Columbia (1969-1970) and developed an interest in Latin American studies while traveling around South America. Due to this interest, he pursued and received a Master's degree and later PhD in anthropology at the University of Florida. Jones first visited San Ignacio/Beni in 1976 for three months to define his topic for his PhD thesis with funding from the University of Florida's Tropical South American Program. He returned to Bolivia with funding from the Inter-American Foundation in 1977 (September) and stayed through the first quarter of 1979. Returning to Florida, Jones finished his dissertation in 1980 titled "Conflict between Whites and Indians on the Llanos de Moxos, Beni Department" (PhD diss., University of Florida, 1980).

After completing his degree, Jones left the field of anthropology and received a Master's degree in agricultural economics, entering the world of development for the next 15 years. During this time Jones worked on development and security issues across the globe. Jones resumed research on Bolivia in the late 1980's and 1990s and published an essay, "Development: Reflections from Bolivia" in the Society for Applied Anthropology's Human Organization, Vol. 56, No. 1 (Spring 1997), pp.111-120. Since then, Jones has worked as an independent contractor.
Separated Materials:
Jones took copious notes that describe that photographic and audio materials but these are still in the possession of Jones himself. The Archive Center has copies of these notes for reference purposes only.
Provenance:
Gift of James Jones, 2017.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of South America -- Bolivia  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Applied anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs) -- 1950-2000
Sound cassette
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James Jones collection from Bolivia, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.110
See more items in:
James C. Jones collection from Bolivia
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d29abf08-ec3a-48a0-9436-35ad7b76ceeb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-110
Online Media:

Bolivia: Slide Roll 1

Collection Creator:
Jones, James C. (James Clyde), 1944-  Search this
Extent:
36 Slides (photographs)
Container:
Box 1, Sheet 1-2
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Slides (photographs)
Date:
1977 September 24-November 7
Scope and Contents:
Roll 1 [1.1-1.36] notes provided by James Jones.

September 24-November 7, 1977

2. Sunset over Laguna Isidere. San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 September 24.

3. Cirilo Yaca trimming a felled tree in his garden near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 September 30.

4. Garden of Cirilo Yaca during the felling process, near completion. Near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 September 30.

5. Oxen grazing in the indigenous sector of the cemetery, crosses of wood mark the graves. San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 3.

6. Charqui (Ch'arki) hung to dry. When dried for three days it can last from 20-30 days. Chaco of Marcelino Coseruna near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 8.

7. Settlement clearing of Marcelino Coseruna. Sleeping quarters on the right, cooking house on the left. Chaco of Marcelino Coseruna near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 8.

8. Sugar cane field of Marcelino Coseruna six weeks after the planting. Chaco of Marcelino Coseruna near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 9

9. Young son of Marcelino Coseruna planting cane stocks "puntas" in shallow, wedge-shaped holes. Chaco of Marcelino Coseruna near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 9.

10. The "sepe," a termite that damages such cultigens as orange and mango trees by eating the leaves. Chaco of Marcelino Coseruna near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 10.

11. Garden of Marcelino Coseruna planted with yuca two month previously. Seared palms and trunks strewn about the garden from the field being fired before the debris dried. Near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 10.

12. Cut debris set afire at margin of the chaco of Felipe Apace. The green growth behind is Monte Alto. Near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 25.

13. Debris gathered for a second burn. The garden was burned five days before, but since leaves were few and cut debris did not dry sufficiently, the burn was incomplete and remains were gathered for a second burn. Chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 25.

14. Cut debris piled around the base of a large tree. The debris is fired in the order to weaken further the tree so that it will topple over. Chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 25.

15. "Hurina" a small deer of the pampa shot on the margin of pampa in chaparral. The meat is eaten and the hide also has value. Shot by Juan Muñuni, son-in-law to Felipe Apace. Chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 25.

16. The "hurina" being skinned. Chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 25.

17. Juan Muñuni punching holes in soft earth in which 15-20 rice grains will be dropped. Holes are 2-3 cm deep and about a radius of 1 to 1.5 feet from each other. Garden of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 26.

18. Men sowing rice. Each carries seeds grown in a tutuma, a kind of gourd. 10-15 grains tossed in a hole 2-3cm deep and quickly covered. Chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 26.

19. The Monte. On trail near chaco site of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 26.

20. A cañada with lightly flowing water used for bathing and washing clothes. A felled tree bridges the cañada and the pole platform to the right is used for bathing and washing. Near the chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 26.

21. "Manechi", a kind of monkey. Shot by Juan Muñuni, his son is holding it. When the monkey fell from the tree (three shots to fell her) a baby was clutching the loose skin of her belly. Chaco of Juan Muñuni near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 27.

22. Large Ochoo tree in a patch of virgin forest. Chaco of stepson of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 27.

23. House of stepson of Felipe Apace. He cleared his chaco alone in Monte Virgen. Note the "lomita" on which the house was built. In front is "bajura" which floods when rains come, rice will be planted there. Near san Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 27.

24. Juan Muñuni, son-in-law of Felipe Apace, builds a house on a rise in middle of his chaco that was just burned. The branches for roof are from the Motacu. Near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 27.

25. Inocencio, young son of Juan Muñuni, in a wide "curiche" between the chacos of Felipe Apace and Juan Muñuni. Water comes to the waist in places. Near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 27.

26. Young granddaughter of Felipe Apace with the "matico" a bird commonly kept as a pet. Chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 27.

27. RESTRICTED. Grandchildren of Felipe Apace seated on a pelt at house site and garden. Near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 27.

28. Two manechis perched on a tree limb in the canopy. The howling sound of the creatures can be heard at a great distance. Chaco of Felipe Apace near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 29.

29. An hormiguero in section of matorral on the pampa. Felipe Apace, his wife and daughter pause to rest on a trip from Chaco to San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 30.

30. An oxcart crossing the marshy pampa near San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 October 30.

31. The Manguarí, a bird. On the journey to San Ignacio de Moxos from the chaco of Felipe Apace. 1977 October 30.

32. Dona Incarnacion (Dona Inca) grinding toasted coffee in the tacu. She is an old Indigenous woman with no family who goes from house to house, person to person, working and begging in order to live in San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 November 4.

33. Lucho Rivero's pet macaws (parabas) in San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 November 4.

34. The barbed spine of a ray in San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 November 7.

35. One of the two macaws (parabas) of Lucho Rivero in San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 November 7.

36. A small marimono brought to Lucho Rivero by an Indian. The monkeys are very shrewd and the meat is considered the best of monkey meat. San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 November 7.

37. A common domestic duck in San Ignacio de Moxos. 1977 November 7.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James Jones collection from Bolivia, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James C. Jones collection from Bolivia
James C. Jones collection from Bolivia / Series 1: Photographic slides taken in San Ignacio de Moxos, Beni, Bolivia
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4be4f68b3-e9b3-4a09-8c55-bd933bd26012
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-110-ref5

Heye Family daguerreotypes

Names:
Heye , Christian  Search this
Heye, Cattie Brottman  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Heye, Herman Gustav  Search this
Extent:
3 Daguerreotypes (photographs)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Daguerreotypes (photographs)
Date:
circa 1850-1865
Summary:
This collection contains three daguerreotypes depicting relatives of George Gustav Heye (1874-1957), founder of the Museum of the American Indian.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains three daguerreotypes depicting relatives of George Gustav Heye (1874-1957), founder of the Museum of the American Indian. The images include Herman Gustav Heye (paternal grandfather to George Gustav Heye); Christian Heye (paternal uncle of George Gustav Heye); and Cattie Brottman Heye (paternal grandmother of George Gustav Heye). The daguerreotypes displayed in a gold frame.
Arrangement:
Photographs arranged in a box.
Biographical / Historical:
George Gustav Heye was born on September 16, 1874 in New York City. His father, Carl Friederich Gustav Heye, was born in Quakenbrück, Germany on November 3, 1834, and came to the United States as a young man. George Heye's paternal grandparents were Herman Gustav Heye of Crefeld, Germany, and Cattie Brottman Heye. Christian Heye was the elder brother of Carl Friederich Gustav Heye and son of Herman and Cattie.
Provenance:
Gift of K. King Burnett, 1989.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.407
See more items in:
Heye Family daguerreotypes
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv477b85870-4d27-4acc-b16f-cf806420dda8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-407
Online Media:

Herman Gustav Heye

Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Daguerreotype depicting Herman Gustav Heye, paternal grandfather to George Gustav Heye (1874-1957). Herman was from Crefeld, Germany. This photograph was most likely shot in Germany.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.407, Item P37506
See more items in:
Heye Family daguerreotypes
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a1d5a21b-c170-4cca-a266-4de4e4b099ce
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-407-ref1

Cattie Brottman Heye

Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Daguerreotype depicting Cattie Brottman Heye, paternal grandmother to George Gustav Heye (1874-1957). Photograph most likely shot in Germany where Cattie was living at the time.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.407, Item P37508
See more items in:
Heye Family daguerreotypes
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d050c292-e3cd-42b2-b611-1fd000f6f16e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-407-ref2

Christian Heye

Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Daguerreotype depicting Christian Heye, paternal uncle to George Gustav Heye (1874-1957). This photograh was most likely shot in Germany where he was living at the time.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.407, Item P37507
See more items in:
Heye Family daguerreotypes
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4c95dda12-b582-4a3d-b99d-dc4a542592ee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-407-ref3

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Blind Joe Amos family photographs

Extent:
10 Photographs
Culture:
Mashpee Wampanoag  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1856-1911
Summary:
This collection contains eight photographs (plus 2 copy negatives) depicting four generations of the Blind Joe Amos (1805-1869; Mashpee Wampanoag) family.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains eight photographs (and 2 copy negatives) depicting four generations of the Blind Joe Amos (Mashpee Wampanoag) family. The photographs include: "Blind Joe" Amos (1805-1869); Abigail Wickums Amos (1804-1853), the wife of Blind Joe Amos; Amos' daughter Rebecca C. Amos Hammond (1834-1922) and her eldest son Charles H. Hammond (1860-1849); Representative Watson F. Hammond (1837-1916), his daughter Ellen W. Hammond DeGrasse (1868-1948) and her husband Charles Henry DeGrasse (1869-1930) and their son Alfred DeGrasse (1890-1878).
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number. 
Biographical / Historical:
This collection documents four generations of a Mashpee Wampanoag family. Below are the biographies of the family, with individuals represented in the photographs in BOLD. The family were leaders in the community.

Reverend Joseph Babcock Amos, also known as "Blind Joe" or "Blind Joseph" Amos (1805-1869) , son of Jeremiah Amos (1784-1812) and Ophelia Amos, was born in 1805 in the Mashpee Wampanoag community on Mashpee Lake in Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Blind from an early age, Joseph memorized the bible and went on to become the first ordained Mashpee Wampanoag Indian minister. He served as the founder and pastor of the Wampanoag Baptist congregation at Gay Head on Martha's Vineyard. Around 1833, Amos married Abigail Wickums (1804-1853) and they had several children including Rebecca Cecorson Amos (1834-1922); Anna F. Amos Webquish (1834–1910); Isaac C. Amos (1840–1860); Sarah B. Amos (born 1843); Cordelia Amos (1845–1880). Reverend Amos died in 1869 in Edgartown, Mass.

Rebecca Cecorson Amos Hammond (1834-1922), daughter of Rev. Blind Joe Amos, was born on April 7, 1834 in Mashpee, Massachusetts. She married Watson F. Hammond (1837-1916) around 1860. In 1885, Hammond became the first Indian to serve in the Massachusetts State Legislature. Rebecca and Watson had several children including: Mary Elizabeth Hammond (1858–1925); Charles H. Hammond (1860–1949); Jeremiah Hammond (1863–1864); Laura Hammond (1866–1869); Ellen Hammond (1868–1948); Alice Hammond (1869–1893); Rebecca Hammond (born 1870); Lorenzo Tandy Hammond (1871–1959), also known as Chief Little Bear; Edith L Hammond (born 1873); and Caroline Frances Hammond (1875–1958). Rebecca Amos Hammond passed away in 1922 and Watson F. Hammond in 1916.

Charles H. Hammond (1860–1949), son of Rebecca Cecorson Amos Hammond and Watson F. Hammond (1837-1916), was born in 1873 in Mashpee, Massachusetts. He served as a Mashapee teacher and town clerk. He married Mary Elizabeth Pompey (1862–1930) on December 21, 1882. They had several children: Evelyn May Hammond (1883–1930); Charles Henry Hammond (1884–1955); Harold W. Hammond (1886–1888); Geraldine F. Hammond (1887–1967); Cynthia A. Hammond (1889–1945); Harry Clifton Hammond (1893–1893); and Mary Louisa Hammond (1894–1925).

Edith Hammond Payne (born 1873), daughter of Rebecca Cecorson Amos Hammond and Watson F. Hammond (1837-1916), was born in 1873 in Mashpee, Massachusetts. Edith married James M. Payne (born 1869) and they had two children, Mabel Rebecca Payne (born 1894) and Raymond D. Payne (1895-1896). Edith donated this collection of photographs to the Museum of the American Indian in 1955.

Ellen Hammond DeGrasse (1868-1948), daughter of Rebecca Cecorson Amos Hammond and Watson F. Hammond (1837-1916) was born in 1868 in Mashpee, Massachusetts. She married Charles DeGrasse (1869-1930) in 1889 and they had three children Alfred Leslie DeGrasse (1890-1878); Clinton F. DeGrasse (1891–1891); and Stowell Winthrop DeGrasse (1893–1906).

Alfred Leslie DeGrasse (1890-1878), son of Ellen Hammond DeGrasse and Watson F. Hammond was born in 1890 in Mashpee, Massachusetts. He enrolled in Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania in 1904, left for a period, reentered, and then graduated in 1911. In 1916 he married Mary Louisa Stanley (1887-1985) of Prince Edward Island, Canada. By 1917, they were living in Detroit, Michigan and had one child, Winifred Degrasse (born 1917). Alfred died in 1878 in Detroit.
Provenance:
Gift of Edith Payne, 1955.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4980ebf08-8d5b-4eb0-9913-0a9e3db020b2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-408
Online Media:

Reverend Joseph Babcock Amos ("Blind Joe" Amos)

Extent:
2 Photographs
Culture:
Mashpee Wampanoag  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
A cased ambrotype of Reverend Joseph Babcock Amos, also known as "Blind Joe" or "Blind Joseph" Amos (1805-1869), photographed circa 1856-1865. This photograph is the left half of the case shared with a portrait of his wife Abigail Wickums Amos (image # P25300). The case was split in two at some unknown point in time.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P25299 (N20351)
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv453c9118d-36e2-43d9-8c78-db0ee30b337c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref1

Abigail Wickums Amos

Extent:
1 Photograph
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
A cased ambrotype circa 1952-1953 most likely depicting Abigail Wickums Amos (1804-1853), the wife of Blind Joe Amos. This photograph is the right half of the case shared with a portrait of her husband "Blind Joseph" Amos (image # P25299). The case was split in two at some unknown point in time.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P25300
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d8d9ac4d-54a8-4c9d-9d5c-249d05756a11
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref2

Rebecca C. Amos Hammond

Extent:
1 Photograph
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Matted ambrotype of "Blind Joe" Amos' daughter Rebecca C. Amos Hammond (1834-1922) circa 1852.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P25301
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d59de540-cd5b-4831-85e4-8d8214a8ccd8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref3

Rebecca C. Amos Hammond and Charles H. Hammond

Extent:
1 Photograph
Culture:
Mashpee Wampanoag  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Tintype of Rebecca C. Amos Hammond (1834-1922) and her eldest son Charles H. Hammond (1860-1849) photographed circa 1885-1890. The tintype is housed in a leather case with purple velvet lining.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P25298
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv421f58f42-21b9-4b40-9581-a0a19f3855b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref4

Rebecca C. Amos Hammond

Extent:
2 Photographs
Culture:
Mashpee Wampanoag  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
A cabinet card with an albumen print depicting Rebecca C. Amos Hammond (1834-1922) photographed by Putnam of Middleboro, Mass. circa 1880-1885.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P23501 (N20348)
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4461f9201-29d1-42a5-9be6-a65324486577
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref5

Representative Watson F. Hammond

Extent:
1 Photograph
Culture:
Mashpee Wampanoag  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
A cabinet card with an albumen print depicting Representative Watson F. Hammond (1837-1916) photographed by Notman Photographic Co. of Boston, circa 1885-1890.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P23502
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4dcdceb2e-50f2-4d5a-b756-90b052b022fc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref6

Alfred DeGrasse

Extent:
1 Photograph
Culture:
Mashpee Wampanoag  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
A gelatin silver photograph depicting Alfred DeGrasse (1890-1878) in his Carlisle Indian School uniform, circa 1904. Alfred is the son of Ellen W. Hammond DeGrasse (1868-1948) and Charles Henry DeGrasse (1869-1930). He is the grandson of Representative Watson F. Hammond (1837-1916) and Rebecca C. Amos Hammond (1834-1922) and the great-grandson of Blind Joe Amos (1805-1869) and Abigail Wickums Amos (1804-1853).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P23503
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a2da83e2-9eb9-4919-8f69-98d2072fd535
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref7

Alfred DeGrasse, Ellen W. Hammond DeGrasse, and Charles Henry DeGrasse

Extent:
1 Photograph
Culture:
Mashpee Wampanoag  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Gelatin silver photograph circa 1907-1911 depicting from left to right: Alfred DeGrasse (1890-1878), his mother Ellen W. Hammond DeGrasse (1868-1948) and his father Charles Henry DeGrasse (1869-1930).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Blind Joe Amos family photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.408; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.408, Item P23504
See more items in:
Blind Joe Amos family photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49a14671d-dbf6-4dfe-9703-e0e8582d7311
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-408-ref8

Scrapbook: Volume 1, A Few Feeble Remarks

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Container:
Box 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1899-1907
Scope and Contents:
Letters published in the Free Press, Lebanon, New Hampshire, written by Clara G. Churchill, 1899-1907. This scrapbook also includes photographs taken by the Churchills which appear in many of the photo albums in Series 1.
Content Warning:
Please note that the language and terminology used in this scrapbook reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation and includes what is considered derogatory and harmful language today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks / 6.1: Clara G. Churchill
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ed5550f4-032f-45d9-91df-e39b703bc7d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref730

McKenney and Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America folios and lithographs

Creator:
McKenney, Thomas L. (Thomas Loraine), 1785-1859  Search this
Hall, James, 1793-1868  Search this
Former owner:
Biddle, Edward C., 1808-1893  Search this
King, Charles Bird, 1785-1862  Search this
Extent:
20 Volumes
120 Lithographs
Culture:
Sauk  Search this
Meskwaki (Fox)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Osage  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Mississippi Choctaw  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota (Mdewakanton Sioux)  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Sac and Fox  Search this
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Quatsino Kwakwaka'wakw  Search this
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Lithographs
Date:
1836-1844
Summary:
This collection contains all 20 original folios of Thomas Loraine Mckenney and James Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs. The folios were published and sent to subscribers between 1836-1844 and include 120 hand-colored lithographic plates. As Superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1824-1830, McKenney commissioned and collected portraits of Native American leaders, the majority painted by Charles Bird King. These portraits, along with biographical text by James Hall, form the basis of History of the Indian Tribes of North America.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes all 20 folios of Thomas Loraine Mckenney and James Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs in their original wrappers. Each folio includes six hand-colored lithographic plates along with biographical essays on Native American leaders, both men and women, from the early 19th century.

Native Communities represented in these volumes include—Sauk, Meskwaki (Fox), Shawnee, Osage, Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa), Mississippi Choctaw, Mdewakantonwan Dakota (Mdewakanton Sioux), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), Oto, Seneca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Yanktonnai Nakota, Muskogee (Creek), Omaha, Iowa, Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox), Oklahoma Cherokee, Lenape (Delaware), Numakiki (Mandan), Euchee (Yuchi), Potawatomi, Seminole, Mohawk, Menominee (Menomini), Quatsino Kwakwaka'wakw, Odawa (Ottawa), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Powhatan, Kaw (Kansa).

The lithographs were cataloged individually with P (print) numbers P27694-P27813, though not physically separated from their volumes.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Arranged by foilio number.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Loraine McKenney was born in 1785 to a family of Quakers in Hopewell, Maryland. Following the abolition of the U.S. Indian Trade program in 1822, McKenney (1785-1859) was appointed to the new position of Superintendent of Indian Affairs, which he held from 1824-1830. During his time as Superintendent of Indian trade in Georgetown, McKenney hired the painter Charles Bird King and began developing a governmental collection of portraits of prominent Native chiefs and elders who visited Washington. Between 1821-1842, King painted over 100 portraits with some assistance from friend and student George Cook.

Following his dismissal from the War Department by President Andrew Jackson in 1830, McKenney moved to Philadelphia to begin the process of getting his collection of portraits reproduced as lithographs with original hand coloring. The publication would document the extensive collection of King paints, many of which were later lost in a fire that destroyed part of the Smithsonian castle in January 1865.

This process was aided by Edward C. Biddle, a Philadelphia printer, who published the first volume (parts 1-6) in 1836 of what would be a three-volume set of 20 folios. James Hall (1793-1868), a judge and known writer, was hired to write text based on McKenney's research. Later parts were published between 1836-1844 by Frederick W. Greenough (parts 7-13), J.T. Bowen (part 14), and by Daniel Rice and James G. Clark (15-20). Several octavo editions were later published.
Provenance:
Provenance is unknown, part of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collection when the MAI became the NMAI in 1989.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lithographs -- 19th century
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); McKenney and Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America folios and lithographs image #, NMAI.AC.115; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.115
See more items in:
McKenney and Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America folios and lithographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49af79ce9-3723-4fb9-80b6-18ecfc5fb97a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-115
Online Media:

Grace F. Thorpe Collection

Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Names:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Abourezk, James G., 1931-  Search this
Seely, Dagmar  Search this
Thorpe, Charlotte  Search this
Thorpe, Jim, 1887-1953  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Linear feet
2,175 Photographic prints
166 Negatives (photographic)
27 Nitrate negatives
113 Slides (photographs)
5 Contact sheets
Culture:
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Nitrate negatives
Slides (photographs)
Contact sheets
Place:
Oklahoma
Arizona
Japan -- 1940-1950
Pearl River (N.Y.)
Jim Thorpe (Pa.)
Date:
1900-2008
Scope and Contents:
The Grace F. Thorpe Collection (1900-2008) includes documents, photographic prints, slides, negatives and other materials that encapsulate the breadth of Grace Thorpe's life and work as a WWII veteran, Native rights activist, and dedicated daughter, mother and family member. This includes material from her personal, military and professional life. Series 1: Early Life and Family History (1921-1940) includes materials related to the Thorpe family including photographs of Grace's parents, Jim and Iva at the Carlisle Indian School as well as letters and photographs from Grace as a young girl. Series 2: Military Career and Life in Japan (1943-1950) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's time as a Corporal in the Women's Army Corps and her life as a wife and mother in Japan following the war. This series also includes the medals Grace received for her service in WWII. Series 3: Pearl River, New York and Business (1950-1967) contains documents and photographs from Grace's time as a mother and business woman in Pearl River, New York. Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism (1968-1977) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's work with various Native American organizations on economic and civil rights issues following her move to Arizona in 1967. Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy (1912-1984) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives regarding Jim Thorpe and the work by the Thorpe family to restore Jim's Olympic record and keep his legacy alive. Series 6: Later Years (1979-2007) includes documents, photographic prints and negatives from Grace's life in Oklahoma, her work as an environmental activist, and other activities later in her life.
Arrangement:
This collection has been arranged in six series chronologically based on how the collection was received with minor changes. The Series' include--Series 1: Early Life and Family History (1921-1940), Series 2: Military Career and Life in Japan (1943-1950), Series 3: Pearl River, New York and Business (1950-1967), Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism (1968-1977), Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy (1912-1984), and Series 6: Later Years (1979-2007). There is some chronological crossover between Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy and the rest of the collection.

The physical arrangement of the materials was determined by storage needs.
Biographical / Historical:
Grace Frances Thorpe was born in Yale, Oklahoma on December 10, 1921 to parents James (Jim) Francis Thorpe (Sac and Fox (Sauk)) and Iva Margaret Miller Thorpe. Jim, already a famed athelete and olympic medalist, had met Iva as students at Carlisle Indian School and were married in 1913. Grace was the youngest of four, Gail Margaret, James and Charlotte Marie though her brother James died from polio at a young age. When Iva and Jim divorced in 1923, Iva and the girls moved to Chicago while Jim moved to California to pursue work in the movies. For school, Grace attended St. Mary's Academy, Sacred Heart, in Oklahoma and Haskell Institute in Kansas, which was where her father had attended school.

In 1943 Grace worked briefly at the Ford Motor Company before enlisting in the Women's Army Corps (WAC) during WWII. After attending training and graduating from the WAAC Training Center in Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, Thorpe attained the rank of Corporal, and served as a Recruiter for the Women's Army Corps stationed in Tucson and Camp White in Oregon before being assigned overseas to the New Guinea Campaign. From 1944-1945 Corporal Thorpe was stationed in New Guinea, Philippines and Japan. Following an Honorable Discharge in 1945, Grace remained in Japan during the occupation with her husband Lieutenant Fred W. Seely (1918-2008) whom she married in June 1946. She became employed at General MacArthur Headquarters as Chief of the Recruitment Section, Department of Army Civilians, Tokyo, Japan. Both of her children, Dagmar (1946-) and Paul Thorpe (1948-1964) were born during this time in Japan.

Grace and her children left Japan and arrived in San Francisco on April 20, 1950. They lived in Pearl River, New York from late 1950 to the mid 1960s. She first became employed as a Hostess with Welcome Wagon upon completing training in July of 1951 and later became a supervisor, business machine salesperson, and territorial account executive for the Yellow Pages with the Reuben H. Donnelly Corp. earning recognition in Distinguished Sales Performance. She completed a course in effective speaking and human relations conducted by the Dale Carnegie Institute and won a Best Speech Award. In 1967, Grace moved to Arizona where she became involved with American Indian tribes. Grace was appointed Economic Development Conference Coordinator for the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI)'s 1968 and 1969 conferences. In 1969-1970, Grace joined Native American Activists at the occupation of Alcatraz Island for three months and managed their publicity. She then served as a Congressional Intern from 1974-1975 for Senator James Abourezk. Grace was later appointed Legislative Assistant with the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs and as a Task Force Program and Planning Analyst for the American Indian Policy Review Commission. During this time period she attended—The Antioch School of Law, Washington DC; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Research Fellow), Boston, Massachusetts; University of Tennessee, Knoxville and Northeastern University, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. During this time she also began working on the restoration of her father's 1912 Olympic titles as well as other projects to recognize and honor her father.

After returning to her tribal homeland in Oklahoma she became active in tribal affairs and in 1983 successfully restored her father's Olympic record. She also conducted genealogical research on the Thorpe family. Her article "The Jim Thorpe Family' was published as a two-part series in the Chronicles of Oklahoma in 1981. In later years, Grace served her tribe as a tribal judge, health commissioner, and became an environmental activist opposing nuclear waste on tribal lands. She remained active in Native American issues, a matriarch of the Thorpe family, and involved with her granddaughter, Tena Malotte, and her great-grandchildren, Aspen and Huna.

Biographical note provided by Dagmar Seely, daughter to Grace Thorpe, with additions by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist.
Separated Materials:
27 nitrate negatives have been moved offsite and are being housed at the National Anthropological Archives.
Provenance:
Donated by Dr. Dagmar Seely and Tena Malotte, 2015.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Yellow pages  Search this
United States. Army. Women's Army Corps  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- New Guinea.  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Japan.  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Philippines.  Search this
Alcatraz Island (Calif.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1969-1971.  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.085
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40c1b8318-3394-45f2-8ac1-45348543fb36
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-085
Online Media:

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