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Drawings and Maps

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1562 Drawings (visual works) (various dimensions)
70 Maps (various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings (visual works)
Maps
Drawings
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Luristān (Iran)
Nahāvand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Date:
1903-1947
1899-1962
Scope and Contents:
The abbreviations used in captions of published drawings are:

IAE -- Iran in the Ancient East, Herzfeld

AMI -- Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, Herzfeld

Corpus -- Materiaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. Part II, Tome II (Aleppo), Herzfeld

ID -- Iranische Denkmä, Lieferung 3/4 Niphauanda, Herzfeld

SA-I -- Ars Islamica, IX, "Damascus:Studies in Architecture, I. The Mukarnas Dome. The Madrasa," Herzfeld

SA-II -- Ars Islamica, X. Same study, II."The Cruciform Plan. Syrian Architecture, Period of Nur al-din," Herzfeld

SA-III -- Ars Islamica, XI--II. Same study, III. "The Ayyubid Madrasa. The Turba," Herzfeld

SA-IV -- Ars Islamica, XIII--IV. Same study, IV. "The Mosque," Herzfeld

TA -- Am Tor von Asien, Herzfeld
Drawings D-405 through D-485 (water-colors) are mounted on mats numbered PI.XXXIII through PI.LXI. They were apparently prepared for some publication not yet located. Other water-colors have similar notations. The large numbers, such as No.3445, apparently refer to a catalogue or inventory, not located.
- Approximately 1,562 drawings and plans that reflect Herzfeld's fine draftmanship and architectural training , with observations on topography, landscape, archaeological remains, architecture, and artifacts. Renderings are in pencil, ink, and watercolor. The published and unpublished drawings reveal Herzfeld's working methodology, in which he often employed tracings to rework his original field sketches. In addition, there are drawings by Friedrich Krefter, the architect who worked in association with Herzfeld for many years, and by drafting assistant Karl Bergner and Donald E. McCown.
- Approximately 70 maps dating from 1899 to the 1930s, including original maps prepared by Herzfeld, Karl Bergner or Friedrich Krefter, as well as various maps from German archaeologists such as Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim.
Arrangement:
Drawings are arranged roughly by size and then in number sequences, housed in document boxes or in flat file folders and stored in map case drawers.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 05
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq) and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research material, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, was part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Abbasids  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Maps
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 5
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8672

Photographic Files

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
3609 Cyanotypes (photographic prints) (b&w, 16 cm. x 21.7 cm)
343 Copy prints (b&w)
3,890 Glass plate negatives (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm)
42 Lantern slides (color, 10 cm. x 15 cm)
8,541 Photographic prints (b&w, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Cyanotypes (photographic prints)
Copy prints
Glass plate negatives
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Luristān (Iran)
Nahāvand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Petra (Extinct city)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Date:
1903-1947
1899-1947
Scope and Contents:
The prints are from three sources: (1) those from glass negatives; (2) those from cut film; and (3) those for which there are no negatives.

The Archive contains Herzfeld's glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850. Of most of these he had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories--i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.--irrespective of the number on the negative. These formed the nucleus for the preparation of the Photo Files. The 16 binders of blueprints have been replaced by Photo Files, Nos. 1--6. The prints in each File are arranged in the same order as the blueprints; and the number of the negative is enclosed in parentheses. Following a brief identification, is a reference to the place where the print has been published, if that is the case and such publication has been located.

In addition to the blueprint binders there were three Albums - Photo Files 25 (Sasanian buildings), 27 (Parthian and Sasanian sculptures) and 28 (Pre-Achaemenian monuments and Pasargadae)--in which Herzfeld had arranged prints in a sequence for study or publication purposes. The order in those Photo Files retains that in the Albums.

In addition to the glass negatives, there is an even larger number of cut films. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film--sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects. Some prints to these negative were identified on the back or could be identified from other prints; but in many instances, especially of landscapes, it has not been possible to place them, except in general categories.

Prints from the cut films have been organized, so far as feasible, in groups of related material and placed in the Photo Files of similar subject matter. The negative number appears in the Photo File. Herzfeld also collected prints from many sources for study purposes. Of those there are no negatives, So far as possible, the prints have been identified and placed in the appropriate Photo File.

The Samarra material, Photo Files 19--23, is in a special category. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. The only identification was written on the backs of the prints, glued to the pages of the Albums. These notations have been transferred to the captions in the Photo Files. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of Samarra which was never prepared. The drawings for such a publication are in this collection.

With such a large number of prints, especially in view of the fact that some were arranged in different fashions for different purposes, it is inevitable that there should be some duplication and that related material may be found in several Photo Files. The only way a user can be sure he has not missed material concerning his particular interest is to examine the Photo File Lists where every print is recorded. Inasmuch as scholars study the same monument from different points of view, the fact that a photograph has been published in one context does not diminish its value in another context.

Note: Photo Files 35--42 consist of Oriental Institute prints of which the negatives are in Chicago. The prints may be published only with the written permission of the Oriental Institute.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files," which is composed of b&w glass negatives, color lantern slides, b&w photographic prints (both modern and original), b&w cyanotypes, large format b&w films, and b&w duplicate prints (both modern and original), iwas originally organized into three subseries, the glass n and covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia, Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, from 1923 to 1931. It also covers the field activities at Pasargadae (Spring 1928) and of the Persepolis Expedition (1931).
- The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives (FSA A.6 04.GN.0001- to FSA A.6 04.GN.5075), which includes eight sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII), covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924.
The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,066, without any apparent organization. Of most of these, Herzfeld had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories&#x2014i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.&#x2014irrespective of the number on the negative.
In addition to the glass negatives and blueprints, there are a series of 16 binders made of photographic prints (Photo Files, Nos. 1-16) and three albums (Photo Files, Nos. 25, 27, and 28). As well, approximately 1,069 photographic prints, which have no negatives, arranged in Photo Files 19-23, are in a special category. In File 19, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1: Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik. In File 20, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.2: Die Keramik von Samarra von F. Sarre, supplemented by unpublished photos of ceramics. In the same file, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.6: Die Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. In File 21, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.3: Die Malereien von Samarra. At the end of the file, there are unpublished photographs. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of the palaces, mosques and private houses of Samarra which was never prepared. The only identification, written on the backs of the prints which were glued to the Album page, had a first number in red crayon used in the captions as the negative number. In some cases, an additional number is given in blue crayon, possibly indicating a revision of the list or an alternative negative. The encircled number on the margin gives the position in the Album.
In addition to the glass negatives and the Photo Files, there is an even larger number of cut films and a package of duplicate prints which are, for the most part, unpublished. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film&#x2014sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects.
Arrangement:
- Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,075, originally stored in 80 wooden boxes of approximately 50 photographs each, are housed in document boxes and stored on shelves.
- Prints are organized in sequential number following publication series, "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra." They are arranged in photo file folders which are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 4
General:
Titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publications and on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq) and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research material, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, was part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Abbasids  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 4
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10847

SK-XVIII Damascus; Persepolis

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (Sketchbook (24 pages), 12.1 cm. x 25.3 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Iran
Lebanon
Syria
Aleppo (Syria)
Beirut (Lebanon)
Damascus (Syria)
Estakhr (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Date:
Spring 1930- Spring 1931
Scope and Contents:
- SK-18 is the eighteenth of a series of thirty-five sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher), in which Ernst Herzfeld recorded his observations on topography, landscape, inscriptions and reliefs, archaeological remains, architecture, artifacts and decorative motifs related to Aleppo (Syria), Beirut (Lebanon), Damascus (Syria), Istakhr (Iran), and Persepolis (Iran).
- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Skizzenbuch XVIII: Damaskus, Frühjahr 1930; Persepolis, Frühjahr 1931."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 1 reads, "Damascus [(Syria)], [Mausoleum] Sitt al-Sha'm [al-Shughra]: tomb plan and elevation, [see FSA A.6 05.0202], [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2835]; inscription of 568 H., [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2807]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 2 reads, "Damascus [(Syria)], [Mausoleum Sitt al-Sha'm al-Shughra]: [Arabic] inscription of 575 H. of Malik al-Mansur, [old Naskhi script, inscribed on panel above pointed arched door of the tomb chamber], [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2807]; inscription of Maqbarat al-Bab al-Shaghir, [see FSA A.6 04.GN.3436]; and plans of graves of Nur al-din and Sukaina (one or both marked "erledigt [(destroyed)], July 1934, [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2830]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 3 reads, "Damascus [(Syria)], inscription of Nur al-din on stone sarcophagus, [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2830]; notes on Nur al-Din Bimaristan inscriptions and decoration."
- In Finding Aid, captions for pg. 4 and 5 reads, "list of photos of [Persia (from 1 to 13)]; Taq-i Bustan [(1; 2; 3; and 14)]; and taken in Damascus [(Syria)] (Apr. 10, 1930) [(from 15 to 72)], continued on following page."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 6 reads, "Damascus [(Syria)], Arabic inscription of 610 H., [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2809]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 7 reads, "Damascus [(Syria)], Raihaniyya [(Turbat al-Raihaniya)]: inscription of 575 H., [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2852] and Sitta Raqiyya of 608 H.."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 8 reads, "Damascus [(Syria)](?) [Kamiliyya]: Inscription of 497 H.; Aleppo [(Syria)], Citadel: record of Greek funerary inscription [see FSA A.6 05.1320; FSA A.6 05.1344; FSA A.6 05.1348]; Aleppo [(Syria)], Shadbakatiyya [(Madrasa al-Shadhbakhtiyya)]: inscription above mihrab, Shaihh Makruf, [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2774]; Beirut (Lebanon)], fragmentary Kufic inscription, [see FSA A.6 07.31.17]."
- In Finding Aid, captions for pg. 9 and 10 reads, "[Persepolis (Iran)], [Tripylon (Council Hall), main hall, north jamb of eastern doorway]: [study of the lowest register picturing representatives of all nations of the empire], [see FSA A.6 04.GN.1644; FSA A.6 04.GN.1645]
- In Finding Aid, captions for pg. 10 to 17 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], [Apadana, north side, west wing of ceremonial stairway]: [study of reliefs depicting tribute procession], [see FSA A.6 04.GN.0267; FSA A.6 04.GN.0968; FSA A.6 04.GN.1156; FSA A.6 04.GN.0991 to FSA A.6 04.GN.0998; FSA A.6 04.GN.1587 to FSA A.6 04.GN.1589; FSA A.6 04.GN.1592 to FSA A.6 04.GN.1609]
- In Finding Aid, captions for pg. 18 to 21 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], [Harem of Xerxes]: measured plan of [main wing], [see FSA A.6 05.0865; FSA A.6 05.0868; FSA A.6 05.1238]."
- In Finding Aid, captions for pg. 22 to 25 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], objects found, [April 1931], [see FSA A.6 05.0879]; stone mason's marks, [see FSA A.6 05.1143; FSA A.6 05.1143b; FSA A.6 05.1181]; stone fragments with cuneiform inscription, 8.V.[19]31 and 12.V.[1931], in Harem; also column base from Band-i Amir, [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2744]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 26 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], Harem [of Xerxes]: pier, doorways, windows and niches, [see FSA A.6 04.GN.1647; FSA A.6 04.GN.2743]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 27 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], Hadish [(Palace of Xerxes)]: masons' marks and Sasanian graffiti, [see FSA A.6 05.1143b; FSA A.6 05.1181]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 28 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], Harem [of Xerxes]: section plan and threshold block, [see FSA A.6 05.1238]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 29 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], Harem [of Xerxes]: left) [ornamental ring stone]; right) [stone] fragments with cuneiform inscription [in west corridor]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 30 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], Harem [of Xerxes]: left) measured sketch of Cornice; right) English [travelers] graffiti."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 31 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)]: details of door, Harem (?), [see FSA A.6 05.0879]."
- In Finding Aid, captions for pg. 32 and 33 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], fragments of stone sculptures [including mason's marks]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 34 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], water channel south of Harem."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 35 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], location of Artaxerxes I find, July 12, 1932; Istakhr [(Iran)], remains of city gate, [see FSA A.6 05.0826], [see FSA A.6 04.GN.2411; FSA A.6 04.GN.2412]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 36 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], map of prehistoric remains to south [(prehistoric mounds of Tal-i Bakun)]; Nov. 19, 1931."
- In Finding Aid, captions for pg. 37 and 38 reads, "Istakhr [(Iran)], two sections of topographical map. Nov. 20/21, 1931, [see FSA A.6 05.0827]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 39 reads, "Istakhr [(Iran)], measurements for plan."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 40 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], trench from north-east corner of Harem to [Throne Hall], March 03, 1932; Istakhr [(Iran)], [excavation sounding No.1]: measurements and cross-section, [see FSA A.6 05.0834]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 41 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], measurements for plan of prehistoric mound [of Tal-i Bakun)]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 42 reads, "Istakhr [(Iran)], excavation sounding No. 1: plan, [see FSA A.6 05.0834]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 43 reads, "Top) Istakhr [(Iran)], unidentified excavation sounding: plan; bottom) Persepolis [(Iran)], prehistoric ruins [(prehistoric mound of Tal-i Bakun)], [trench from east- west: plan upper level [see FSA A.6 05.0831]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 44 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], Harem [of Xerxes]: plan of section, [see FSA A.6 05.0865; FSA A.6 05.0868; FSA A.6 05.1238]; Istakhr [(Iran)], excavation sounding No. 1: capital or base (?), [see FSA A.6 05.1169]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 45 reads, "Persepolis [(Iran)], Harem [of Xerxes]: column and base measurements, [see FSA A.6 05.1238]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 46 reads, "Istakhr [(Iran)], excavation sounding No. 1: plan, [see FSA A.6 05.0834]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 47 reads, "Istakhr [(Iran)], excavation sounding No. 1: continuation of plan on p.42, [see FSA A.6 05.0834]."
- In Finding Aid, caption for pg. 48 reads, "Istakhr [(Iran)], excavation sounding No. 3: plan."
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks; Subseries 2.07: Damascus, Spring 1930; Persepolis, Spring 1931: Sketchbook 18
Arrangement:
Sketchbooks, housed in document boxes and stored on shelves, are organized by Joseph Upton into 13 subject categories.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers; SK-18

FSA A.06 02.07.18
Former Title or Title Variations:
Ernst Herzeld; Skizzenbuch XVIII: Damaskus, Frühjahr 1930; Persepolis, Frühjahr 1931
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Herzfeld's original sketchbook title and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
"The field activities of the Persepolis Expedition were initiated by Professor Ernst Herzfeld in Spring 1931, after the French archaeological monopoly had been replaced by the new Antiquity Law, which opened Iran to archaeological field work by other nations. The expedition ended in fall 1939, after the outbreak of World War II. [...] At the end of 1934, Herzfeld was removed from his position as expedition director. He left Persepolis for the last time toward the end of November 1934 and went to London." [Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre, "Herzfeld in Persepolis", Ernst Herzfeld and the Development of Near Eastern Studies, 1900-1950. Edited by Ann Gunter and Stefan R. Hauser. Leiden: Brill, 2005. P.137 and P.161]
Funding note:
"Herzfeld returned to Persepolis in 1931 as field director. The project was conducted under the auspices of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, with additional financial assistance from other American individuals and institutions." [Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre, "Herzfeld in Persepolis", Ernst Herzfeld and the Development of Near Eastern Studies, 1900-1950. Edited by Ann Gunter and Stefan R. Hauser. Leiden: Brill, 2005. P.146]
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
headgear  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Greek  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, File FSA A.06 02.07.18
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 2: Sketchbooks / 2.7: Persepolis
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref7482

Sketchbooks

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
35 Items (Sketchbooks, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Europe
Croatia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Aleppo (Syria)
Baghdad (Iraq)
Damascus (Syria)
Dāmghān (Iran)
Estakhr (Extinct city)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Hamadān (Iran)
Ḥamāh (Syria)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Khark Island (Iran)
Maʻarrat al-Nuʻmān (Syria)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Ray (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Shīrāz (Iran)
Ṭūs (Iran)
Date:
1923-1931
undated
Scope and Contents:
All notes are in German.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931," which is composed of 35 sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher), is organized into thirteen subseries and covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia, Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, from 1923 to 1931. It also covers the field activities at Pasargadae (Spring 1928) and of the Persepolis Expedition (1931).
- FSA A.6 02.01, which includes eight sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII), covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924.
- FSA A.6 02.02, which includes three sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher IX, X, and XI), provides a succinct but seemingly comprehensive view of the site of Pasargadae where Herzfeld formal excavations only occupied twenty-eight days in April and May 1928.
- FSA A.6 02.03, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XII), in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in eastern Iran (Khorasan, Persia) in 1925.
- FSA A.6 02.04, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XIII), in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in eastern Iran (Sistan-Quhistan, Persia) in 1925.
- FSA A.6 02.05, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XIV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations related to Isfahan (Iran), Kerman (Iran), Na'in (Iran), and Saweh (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.06, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations during a campaign of excavation at Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran) and Sistan (Iran), carried out in February and March 1929.
- FSA A.6 02.07, which includes seven sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI,and XXII), covers the field activities of the Persepolis Expedition, including excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and the terrace complex of Persepolis (Iran). The archaeological work was initiated by Professor Ernst Herzfeld in Spring 1931, until he was removed from his position as expedition director at the end of 1934.
- FSA A.6 02.08, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXIII), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains related to Split (Croatia).
- FSA A.6 02.09, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXIV), provides records of measurements for topographical maps with calculations related to Firuzabad (Iran), Khurha (Iran), Pasargadae (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and Persepolis (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.10, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains and prehistoric artifacts related to Nineveh (Iraq), Ur (Iraq), Samarra (Iraq), Hamadan (Iran), Harsin (Iran), Kermanshah (Iran), and Shiraz (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.11, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXVI), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs, some from the Hahn Collection.
- FSA A.6 02.12, which includes five sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX, XXX, and XXXI), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, reliefs and inscriptions, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs related to several archaeological sites in Persia and Mesopotamia, as well as to the prehistoric mound of Tepe Giyan (Iran) in particular.
- FSA A.6 02.13, which includes four sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XXXII, XXXIII, XXXIV, and XXXV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on inscriptions, archaeological remains, architecture, and decorative motifs related to Aleppo (Syria), Damascus (Syria), Hama (Syria), Hims (Syria), and Ma'arat al-Nu'man (Syria).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks
Arrangement:
Sketchbooks, housed in five document boxes and stored on shelves, are organized by Joseph Upton into thirteen subdivisions.
Biographical / Historical:
- "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 02
General:
- Sketchbooks titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publications, handwritten sketchbooks captions and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931, n.d.."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 2
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6806

Travel Journals

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
8 Items (Travel journals, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Asia
Europe
Croatia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Aleppo (Syria)
Baghdad (Iraq)
Damascus (Syria)
Dāmghān (Iran)
Estakhr (Extinct city)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Hamadān (Iran)
Ḥamāh (Syria)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Khark Island (Iran)
Maʻarrat al-Nuʻmān (Syria)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Ray (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Shīrāz (Iran)
Ṭūs (Iran)
Date:
1905-1928
1905-1929
Scope and Contents:
The travel journals are in Herzfeld's handwriting in German. They have been transliterated into typed versions of which each page is faced by a xerox copy of the original, showing sketches and inscriptions.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel journals, 1905-1928" is composed of eight travel journals which contain descriptions of plant and animal life, as well as comments on the countless people Herzfeld encountered, their economic and their social activities. The journals also contain descriptions of the practical daily problems of travel, especially with a caravan; the dreams or nightmares he experienced on sleepless nights; and a great variety of thoughts on politics, people or history which crossed his mind during the sometimes tedious hours of travel. Finally facts with archaeological significance in the narrow sense of ruins, buildings and artifacts, as well as topographical notes for the preparation of maps, were noted to be ultimately incorporated in subsequent finished studies.
- FSA A.6 01.01, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-47", provides first an account of a trip (October 25 to November 19, 1928) to Khurramabad (Iran) in which Herzfeld accompanied Reza Shah, and second an account of a trip (February 17 to March 19, 1929) from Tehran (Iran) to Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran).
- FSA A.6 01.02, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-81", provides an account of an expedition (September 2 to November 18, 1905) from Assur (Iraq) to Shiraz (Iran) ("Von Kalat Schergat nach Schiraz, 1905").
- FSA A.6 01.03, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-82", provides an account of an expedition (November 23 to January 03, 1906) from Shiraz (Iran) to Constantinople (Turkey) ("Von Schiraz nach Teheran und Constantinopel, 1905").
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin to Pasargadae (Iran) ("Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923").
- FSA A.6 01.05, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-84", provides an account of an expedition (November 15, 1923 to April 30, 1924) from Pasargadae (Iran) to bushire (Iran) ("Tagebuch. Persien II, 1923-1924").
- FSA A.6 01.06, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-85", provides an account of an expedition (December 1, 1923 to March 21, 1924) from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Mashhad (Iran) ("Afghanistan -Ostpersien I, 1924-1925").
- FSA A.6 01.07, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "S-7", provides first an account of a roundtrip (June 3 to June 29, 1911) Samarra (Iraq) - Sulaimaniya (Iraq), and second an account of a trip (September 12 to September 19, 1911) from Balad (Iraq) to Seleucia - Ctesiphon ("Samarra Tagebuch 2, Reise nach Sulaymānīyah und nach Ktesiphon Baghdad").
- FSA A.6 01.08, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "S-10", provides an account of an expedition (July 8 to August 27, 1913) from Samarra (Iran) to Asadabad (Hamadan, Iran) ("Tagebuch der Rückreise von Samarra 1913").
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given these journals an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) and for the Samarra material (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906-1945), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Biographical / Historical:
- "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
General:
It is impractical to include in the Index the name of every person or place mentioned in the Journals. These were essentially short-hand notes intended to remind Herzfeld of facts to be incorporated in subsequent finished studies. Many of the items, especially in N-81 and N-82, are topographical notes for the preparation of maps. Herzfeld tended to note everything he saw and heard, so the Journals contain descriptions of plant and animal life, as well as comments on the countless people he encountered, their economic and their social activities. The Journals also contain descriptions of the practical daily problems of travel, especially with a caravan; the dreams or nightmares he experienced on sleepless nights; and a great variety of thoughts on politics, people or history which crossed his mind during the sometimes tedious hours of travel. He even includes snatches of poetry.

The items entered in the Index are, therefore, primarily those of archaeological significance in the narrow sense of ruins, buildings and artifacts, especially if Herzfeld inserted a sketch. He was accustomed on these exploratory trips to supplement the Journals with comprehensive photographic record (see the inventory to the photographic File) and sketchbooks (see the inventory to the sketchbooks).

The circumstances under which the Journals were written often led to inconsistencies in the spelling which was sometimes again modified in printed texts. It might also be mentioned that there are differences in the transliteration of Near Eastern script according to the French, German or English systems, not to speak of the "personal" systems sometimes adopted by writers in the field. Since Herzfeld published in all three languages, all three systems occur in the catalogues of the collection; but I am confident that that fact will cause no particular hardship for scholars.
- Travel journals titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's handwritten sketchbooks captions and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 1
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 1
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6208

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