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Maryland was this year's featured State, and programming focused in particular on three themes: water, horse, and metal traditions, selected on the basis of their richness and significance within the State.

As the Nation's leading "fishing hole," the Chesapeake Bay, home of the last remaining commercial sailing fleet still in operation in the United States, has clusters of skilled craftspeople and fisherfolk whose Iives are part of the waters and their yield. At Hains Point in West Potomac Park, and thanks to the assistance and cosponsorship of the National Park Service, the Festival showed ships and crafts related to the Chesapeake waterways. The history of these and other crafts could be seen in the National Museum of History and Technology's Hall of Maritime History.

The breeding, training, and racing of horses is one of Maryland's largest industries and, like the watermen, those who work with horses carry some of the most carefully guarded traditions and skills to be found in oral tradition. Visitors could see demonstrations of different breeds as well as skills such as dressage; other presentations explored the traditions associated with fox hunting, horse pulls, mounted police officers and fruit vendors and their horse-drawn carts.

The Nation's oldest silversmith, Samuel Kirk and Son, its largest producer of pewter ware, Steiff Co., and numerous skilled metal workers in copper, brass, iron, and tin are all to be found in Maryland. Hand skills, learned through apprenticeship, are the mainstay of these industries and they provided a natural link between the cottage industries and the Union Workers' exhibits. Festival visitors could see demonstrations of Maryland metal crafts such as brass and iron founding, pewter and silversmithing, tin and coppersmithing. "Museum Guide" signs at the Festival directed visitors to similar and sometimes identical products of this craftsmanship in the National Museum of History and Technology.

Crafts and music presentations from rural Maryland and its largest city, Baltimore, rounded out the program. A large community of Greek Americans from the Highlandtown neighborhood of Baltimore presented the celebratory traditions of the village of Olymbos on the island of Karpathios, from which they had immigrated over the previous half-century, and particularly since the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965.

The Maryland program was made possible through the sponsorship of the Governor of Maryland, the Department of Economic and Community Development, the Maryland National Relations Office, and National Brewing Company. The Maryland Waterways presentation at Hains Point was co-sponsored by the National Park Service and the Smithsonian Institution.
Paul Diggs, Ben Evans, Carol Hackney, John A. Hostetler, Richard Hulan, Martin Koenig, Jean du Pont McConnell, M. Gail Moran, Gerald Parsons, Maxine Perlmutter, Alta Schrock, Richard Spottswood, Georgine Winslett, Ethel Raim-Zinser
Water Traditions

Charles Abbott, skipjack captain of "Thomas Clyde," built 1911, Maryland

Paul Benton, skipjack captain of "Geneva May," built 1908, Maryland

Henry Brown, sail maker, Deal Island, Maryland

Walter Carrion, trainer, Chesapeake Bay retrievers, Ellicott City, Maryland

Melvin Christy, skipjack captain of "Bernice J.," built 1904, Maryland

Calvin E. Crouch, 1922-1997, boat builder, Maryland

Calvin E. Crouch, Jr., boat builder, Maryland

Earl Daniels, crab scrape maker, Maryland

Frank B. Daniels, sail maker, Maryland

Arthur Dierker, waterfowl guide, net and fyke maker, Maryland

Hazel Downey, 1914-1994, net and fyke maker, Rock Hall, Maryland

Newton Downey, 1888-1975, decoy carver, Rock Hall, Maryland

Johnny Evans, waterman, Maryland

Captain Carl Huffman, waterman, Maryland

Alex Kellam, 1908-1986, waterman, Maryland

Dewey Landon, 1898-1976, waterman, Maryland

Charlton Marshall, 1900-1973, boat model maker, Maryland

Captain Roland Parks, 1914-1985, muskrat trapper, Maryland

Lesley Schunick, cooper, Maryland

George Taylor, skipjack captain of "Annie Lee," built 1912, Maryland

Zack Taylor, 1901-1978, Maryland

Clifton Webster, 1897-1987, skipjack captain of "Maggie Lee," built 1903, Maryland

Discussion leaders:

Robert H. Burgess

George Carey

Mack McCormick

Metal Traditions

Burton Cimino, silver engraver, Maryland

Harry M. Evans, 1924-, brass founder, Easton, Maryland

Nelson Kratz, 1911-1994, silver chaser, Maryland

William Lane, 1897-1977, blacksmith, Easton, Maryland

Jon Manning, pewter smith, Maryland

George Rapp, 1906-1981, pewter spinner, Maryland

Erwin Thieberger, 1908-1987, coppersmith, Wheaton, Maryland

Horse Traditions

Al-Marah Arabian Farm, demonstration of Arabians -- Al-Marah Arabian Farm, demonstration of ArabiansMrs. Garvin E. Tankersley, MarylandJohn T. Connor, Maryland

American Saddlebred, demonstration of American Saddlebred horses -- American Saddlebred, demonstration of American Saddlebred horsesHelen Curtin, MarylandJohn Jones, Maryland

William F. Cahill, Ringmaster, Maryland

Chartley Farm, horse-pulling contest, P.O.A. and Shetland pony demonstrations -- Chartley Farm, horse-pulling contest, P.O.A. and Shetland pony demonstrationsRobert Shirley, MarylandSally Shirley, MarylandDaniel Shirley, Maryland

Clear View Farm, demonstration of Shires coaching and hunting horn demonstration -- Clear View Farm, demonstration of Shires coaching and hunting horn demonstrationHoward StreakerHoward Streaker, Jr.

Cold Saturday Morgan Farm, demonstration of Morgans -- Cold Saturday Morgan Farm, demonstration of MorgansMrs. H. H. Hackney, MarylandCarol Hackney, MarylandKelly Marsh, MarylandSharon Port, MarylandNancy Radtke, Maryland

Dickey Farm -- Dickey FarmGary Stanley, jockey, MarylandJennifer Dickey, pony demonstrations, MarylandJocelyn Dickey, pony demonstrations, Maryland

Fair Hill Farm -- Fair Hill FarmJean du Pont McConnell, commentator for fox-hunting demonstration, Maryland

Homewood, demonstration of Appaloosas -- Homewood, demonstration of AppaloosasMrs. John Shallcrosse, MarylandMichael Hubbard, Maryland

Hunters and Hunting, fox-hunting demonstration -- Hunters and Hunting, fox-hunting demonstrationHoward County Hunt, MarylandHazel L. Welsh, MarylandBeverly Abbott, MarylandMelanie Abbott, MarylandKitty Magrogan, Maryland

Ray Kline Jr., hay rides, Myersville, Maryland

Maryland Stock Farm, demonstration of Pintos -- Maryland Stock Farm, demonstration of PintosJo Ann Mullins, Maryland

Lawrence Merrifield, mounted officer, City of Baltimore, Maryland

Murry Hill Farm, crossbred pony demonstration -- Murry Hill Farm, crossbred pony demonstrationJohn Johnson, Maryland

Pegasus Meadowbrook Stable, hunting demonstration -- Pegasus Meadowbrook Stable, hunting demonstrationMr. and Mrs. James H. Little, Maryland

Pipe Creek Farm, coordinators, dressage demonstration -- Pipe Creek Farm, coordinators, dressage demonstrationCol. and Mrs. D. W. Thackeray, Maryland

Ponies for Children, Inc., pony breeds and demonstrations -- Ponies for Children, Inc., pony breeds and demonstrationsLouise Hollyday, Maryland

Potomac Horse Center, dressage demonstration -- Potomac Horse Center, dressage demonstrationBetty Howett, Maryland

Quarterhorse Association, demonstration of Quarterhorses -- Quarterhorse Association, demonstration of QuarterhorsesRobert Spedden, MarylandMarni Pearl, MarylandCindy Rammel, Maryland

Jack Vordemberge, commentator

Janet Walker, harness maker

Washington International Horse Show Association -- Washington International Horse Show AssociationGeorgine Winslett, commentator, Maryland


Lawrence Brenneman, 1904-1977, trough and shingle maker, Bittinger, Maryland

William Clark, 1942-, arabber, Maryland

Angelo DiBlasi, stonecutter, Baltimore, Maryland

Paul Diggs, arabber, Maryland

Charles Duvall, arabber, Maryland

Helen Englar, quilter, Maryland

Mike Farinacci, 1902-1975, stonecutter, Glen Burnie, Maryland

Emma Glotfelty, 1903-1987, rug weaver, Accident, Maryland

Orval Glotfelty, 1889-1980, trough maker, Accident, Maryland

Walter Kelly, arabber, Maryland

James W. McCrobie, 1919-1993, basket weaver, Gormania, West Virginia

Benjamin Meekins, arabber, Maryland

Clara Pierce, 1901-1972, rug hooker and braider, Maryland

Marian Stephen, soap maker, Maryland

Anna Weir, rug hooker and braider, Maryland

Claude Yoder, 1904-1991, woodcarver, Potomac Park, Maryland

Hazel Yoder, 1907-1975, quilter and baker, Maryland


Sergio Brotto, northern Italian singer, Maryland

Bruni Calcara, 1922-1992, northern Italian singer, Maryland

Alec Campbell & Ola Belle Reed (1916-2002) String Band, string band musicians, Rising Sun, Maryland

Ralph Case, square dance caller, Upper Marlboro, Maryland

Betsy & John Coffey, string band musicians, Maryland

Angelo Ciulla, 1907-1983, southern Italian musician, Maryland

Wanda Deckert, 1921-2002, northern Italian singer, Maryland

Mike Farinacci, 1902-1975, southern Italian musician, Glen Burnie, Maryland

Louise Foreacre, mountain musician, Elkton, Maryland

Emin Gunduz, Turkish musician, Baltimore, Maryland

Frank Hovington, 1919-, blues musician, Seat Pleasant, Maryland

Gina Iocca, northern Italian singer, Maryland

Leonard Lanciotti, southern Italian musician, Maryland

Reed Martin, mountain musician, Maryland

Orlinda Monaldi, northern Italian singer, Maryland

John Ribero, northern Italian singer, Maryland

St. John's Methodist Church, Intermediate Choir, gospel choir, Maryland

Dan & Earl Swift (1909-1997), mountain musicians, Maryland

Elsa & Francis Tarasco (1912-1990), northern Italian musicians, Maryland

Fields Ward, 1911-1987, mountain musicians, Baltimore, Maryland

Greek musicians -- Greek musiciansVasilios Dargakis, MarylandVasilios Georgakis, MarylandEvgenia Hiotis, Baltimore, MarylandIoannis Hiotis, 1928-1980, Baltimore, MarylandKalliope Hiotis, 1927-2011, MarylandKasiani Hiotis, Baltimore, MarylandPhillippe Hiotis, 1922-2000, Baltimore, MarylandVasilios Kakarolis, Baltimore, MarylandFotini Konsolas, MarylandManuel Mastromanolis, Baltimore, MarylandSophia Mastromanolis, Baltimore, MarylandIoannis Nikitas, 1906-1989, MarylandNick Nikitas, 1938-2012, Baltimore, MarylandKonstantine Nikolaides, MarylandMaria A. Nikolaides, MarylandMaria K. Nikolaides, MarylandGeorge Nikolau, MarylandVasilios Nikolau, MarylandMinas Pappaminas, 1933-1998, MarylandEvgenia Paragios, MarylandFoula Paragios, 1945-2004, MarylandSophia Paragios, MarylandNikolaos Protopapas, MarylandIoannis Sofillis, Baltimore, MarylandVasilios Vasilaides, Maryland
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1972 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
CFCH.SFF.1972, Series 2
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