Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial: The Ploughman, (sculpture)

Catalog Data

Kelly, J. Wallace 1894-1976  Search this
Sculpture: limestone; Base: limestone
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Coadministered by City of Philadelphia Fairmount Park Commission Memorial Hall, West Park, P. O. Box 21601 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 19131
Coadministered by Fairmount Park Art Association 1616 Walnut Street, Suite 2012 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 19103
Located Fairmount Park Central Terrace, Kelly Drive south of Girard Avenue Bridge Philadelphia Pennsylvania
1938. Installed 1938
Fairmount Park Art Assoc., "Sculpture of a City: Philadelphia's Treasures in Bronze & Stone," NY: Walker Publ., 1974, pg. 250-257.
Bach, Penny Balkin, "Public Art in Philadelphia," Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992, pg. 222.
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia survey, 1993.
Image on file.
Fairmount Park Art Assoc., "Sculpture of a City: Philadelphia's Treasures in Bronze & Stone," NY: Walker Publ., 1974, pg. 253.
(Base, southwest side:) THEY BROKE/THE LAND/FOR HARVESTS (Base, west side) THE/PLOUGHMAN
The information provided about this artwork was compiled as part of the Smithsonian American Art Museum's Inventories of American Painting and Sculpture database, designed to provide descriptive and location information on artworks by American artists in public and private collections worldwide.
This sculpture is part of a six-piece group (two bronze monuments and four stone figures installed on the Central Terrace) that depicts the themes of westward expansion and America welcoming immigrants. The ploughman is a nude male figure kneeling down on his proper right knee and reaching over with his proper left hand to sow seeds into the ground. With his proper right hand he holds a sack over his proper right shoulder. He represents the pioneers who came west in search of new land to settle. The sculpture rests on a square base which abuts a stone stairway.
Figure male--Full length  Search this
Figure male--Nude  Search this
Occupation--Farm--Sowing  Search this
Control number:
IAS 88320069
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums