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William Abel Caudill Papers 1950s-early 1960s

Catalog Data

Caudill, William Abel 1920-1972  Search this
Physical description:
24.25 linear feet
Japan changing values  Search this
Japan changes in emotions  Search this
Japan study of nurses  Search this
Japanese medicine  Search this
Japan psychiatry  Search this
Japan family  Search this
Japan child rearing  Search this
Japan culture and personality  Search this
Japan hospitals  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
American mental patients  Search this
American psychiatry  Search this
Japanese relations with American soldiers  Search this
Japan medicine  Search this
Indians of North America Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
1950s-early 1960s
20th century
William Abel Caudill studied at the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1950). His speciality was culture and personality, and he had a considerable amount of practical experience in human relations and in work with mental patients. In the latter, he was especially interested in culturally determined aspects of mental illness and treatment in Japan. His professional employment included an instructorship at Yale University (1950-1952), faculty positions with the Department of Social Relations at Harvard University (1952-1960), appointment as a research associate in the Department of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School, and chief of the Personality and Environment Section, Laboratory of Socioenvironmental Studies, United States National Institute of Mental Helath (1960-1962).
Caudill's earliest research were psychological studies carried out in 1946 with the Chippewa Indians of Lac du Flambeau. In 1947-1949, as one of a team of social scientisits, he carried on investigations of the social and personal adjustment of Japanese Americans who had moved to Chicago followign release from internment during World War II. In 1950-1952, again as one of a team, he studied the social structure and interaction among patients of a ward of a mental hospital and the relationship between emotional disorder and social class.
Beginning in 1954, Caudill made a series of journeys to Japan in order to carry on research. In 1954-1955, he studied the relationship between American soldiers and Japanese communities. He also began a study of psychiatry as practiced in Japan. This work included visits to many Japanese hospitals and also a study of changing Japanese values. In 1958-1959, his studies focused on three small psychiatric hospitals with contrasting theoretical orientations and methods of treatment. He also carried out studies of psychoanalysis in Japan, Morita therapy, and other aspects of Japanese treatments; patterns of emotion; and a general study of nurses of two hospitals. In 1961, he began investigation of Japnaese child-rearing practices.
Folder list
Addl. KW Subjects:
JAPANESE MATERIAL, including 1. general material on Japanese society and culture; 2. Japanese culture and personality studies; 3. Japanese medicine and psychiatry; 4. family and child rearing; 5. hospital studies; 6. autobiography of a mental patient, 7. nurses study ; OTHER MATERIAL, including 8. biographical material; 9. Chippewa material; 10. study of a ward of a mental hospital; 11 drafts of writings; 12. reprints and papers; 13 miscellaneous printed and process material
The papers include both reference materials and original notes relating to many of the research activities with which Caudill was involved, and they also include general reference materials. There is, however, little or no material relating directly to Caudill's early studies of Japanese Americans nor notes or material relating to the administration of psychological tests relating to Japanese values or changing patterns of emotion. The material relating to research on Japanese child rearing appears to be significant but limited in quantity.
Cite as:
Papers of William Abel Caudill, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Repository Loc.:
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
Culture and personality--Japanese  Search this
Medicine--Japanese  Search this
Mental health--Japanese  Search this
Psychiatry--Japanese  Search this
Child rearing--Japanese  Search this
Family--Japanese  Search this
Nursing--Japanese  Search this
Autobiography--Japanese mental patient  Search this
United States Army--relations with Japanese  Search this
Mental hospitals--American  Search this
Restrictions & Rights:
Some files may be restricted. Contact the repository for more information
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives