The immediate source of the collection was the Department of Anthropology and much of it appears to have been assembled by Ales Hrdlicka. There seem to be other sources as well. Most of the items are duplicated in other collections of the archives.
Hrdlicka's material includes physical anthropological specimens; portraits of White River Apache, Chichimec, Cora, Marahna, Maricopa, Mayo, Mohave, Nahuas, Navaho, Opata, Papago, Pawnee, Pima (including the school at Sacaton, Arizona), San Juan, Seri, Tarascans, Tepehuanes, Tepecanos, Tlahuiltecs, Walapai, Yaqui, Yuam (including a stick and ring game and the Yuma Indian School), and Zacateacas beggers; views and people at Acoma, Hopi vaillages (including Keam's Canyon School), Isleta, Laguna, San Juan, Sia, Taos, Zuni (including a series showing a potter at work); views showing occupations among the Apache, Chippewa, Cora, Huichol, Otomi, Pima, Tarascans; churches in Mexico; archeological views in Peru; and a few photographs to show Indian-like Asians (Formosans, Igorot, Kalmuk, Tinggian), American Indian types, and American Indian childre; and views made in Alaska and the Aleutian Islands.
There are also photographs by Frances Densmore of Dakota, Hidatsa, Manda, Papago, and Ute; Alice Cunningham Fletcher photographs of Winnebago and Nez Perce; Richard Lynch Garner photographs made in West Africa; John K. Hillers photographs of Paiute; W.H. Holmes photographs of a quarry; James Mooney Arapaho Ghost Dance views; Frank Speck photograph of Houma and Cherokee; V. Suk photograph made in East Africa; John Swnaton photographs made in tracing De Soto's route through the Southeast. In addition, there are series of photographs showing American Indian dwellings, American Indian drawings, Napo and other Indians of South America, ruins and other features at Jalisco, La Quemada, and Tula in Mexico; pottery specimens from Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia; miscellaneous archeological sites in Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, and Florida; and early man specimens and sites. There are also photographs made in Australia, Borneo, Java, Philippines, Sumatr, Tahiti, and Turkey.
Photo Lot 92-46, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland