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Fred Lawrence Whipple Oral History Interviews, 1976

Online Media

Catalog Data

Interviewee:
Whipple, Fred L (Fred Lawrence) 1906-2004  Search this
Subject:
Whipple, Fred L (Fred Lawrence) 1906-2004  Search this
Stanford University  Search this
Harvard College Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Satellite Tracking Program  Search this
Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Project Celescope  Search this
Multiple Mirror Telescope Observatory  Search this
Mt. Hopkins Observatory  Search this
Interviewer:
Henson, Pamela M  Search this
Physical description:
4 audiotapes (Reference copies)
Type:
Audiotapes
Collection descriptions
Transcripts
Date:
1976
Notes:
Fred Lawrence Whipple (1906-2004), an astronomer at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), was noted for his research and methodological innovations in studying the moon, meteors, and comets. The University of California, Los Angeles awarded him the B.A. in 1927 and the University of California, Berkeley the Ph.D. in 1931. After teaching at Stanford University in 1929, he joined the Harvard College Observatory staff in 1931. In 1955 he was appointed Director of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts. During his tenure, he established the Satellite Tracking Program (STP) which pioneered optical tracking systems utilized in geodesy and geophysics; oversaw SAO's research program in stellar interiors, upper atmosphere, meteorite, celestial mechanics, and geodesy studies; and its participation in Project Celescope. Whipple selected and developed an astronomical facility at Mount Hopkins, Arizona, named the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory in 1981. The facility houses the Multiple-Mirror Telescope (MMT), an innovative, low cost telescope planned by Whipple and two colleagues. After his retirement in 1973, he continued comet and meteor studies as Senior Scientist at SAO.
(1) Description in control file; (2) name index to transcript.
Forms part of the Smithsonian Institution Oral History Collection.
Organization:
(1) Audiotapes, 3.5 hours; (2) transcript, 87 pages
Summary:
These interviews of Whipple by Pamela M. Henson cover his education; research interests; service during World War II; tenure as Director of SAO, especially development of the STP, Project Celescope, the Whipple Observatory, and MMT; and reminiscences of colleagues.
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520
Topic:
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Meteorites  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU009520
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217688